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apple a day

Jie Zhang, Hui Pang, Mengxia Ma, Yufen Bu, Wei Shao, Weijing Huang, Qianlong Ji, Yuncong Yao
Plant growth can be promoted by the application of apple fruit fermentation (AFF), despite unclear of the underlying mechanisms, the effects involved in AFF on rhizosphere microorganisms have been hypothesized. We investigated the consequences of applying AFF alone or in combination with Bacillus licheniformis to strawberry tissue culture seedlings in vitro, the analyses of Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) and 16S rDNA were performed to determine AFF effects on rhizosphere. Moreover, the growth index and antioxidant enzyme activities were determined 30 days after treatments...
2016: PloS One
Nobuhiro Nagai, Satoru Iwata, Hirokazu Kaji, Kaori Sampei, Yuki Katsukura, Hideyuki Onami, Matsuhiko Nishizawa, Toru Nakazawa, Yukihiko Mashima, Toshiaki Abe
It has been suggested that unoprostone isopropyl (UNO) has potent neuroprotective activity in the retina. The effect of sustained transscleral UNO delivery to the posterior segment of the eye on photoreceptor degeneration was evaluated. UNO was loaded into a device made of poly(ethyleneglycol) dimethacrylate by polydimethylsiloxane mold-based UV-curing. The amount of UNO diffusing from these devices was measured using high-performance liquid chromatography. The polymeric devices that released UNO at 1.8 μg/day were implanted on the sclerae of S334ter rats at postnatal 21 days, and electroretinograms (ERGs) were compared with those of topical application and placebo devices...
November 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Andromachi Spanouli, Joeri Hofmans
Amidst a struggling economy, organizations are ruled by the survival of the fittest paradigm but it is the employees who tend to pay the price, with increased demands which, oftentimes, fall outside their job scope. In the present paper, we examined whether pressuring people to engage in such organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) might in fact backfire and lead to increased Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB) because of compensatory mechanisms. We propose a typology of OCB that distinguishes between discretionary and elicited OCB, hypothesizing that elicited but not discretionary OCB, positively relates to CWB...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Hideyuki Maruki, Masato Sato, Toshiaki Takezawa, Yoshiki Tani, Munetaka Yokoyama, Takumi Takahashi, Eriko Toyoda, Eri Okada, Shigehisa Aoki, Joji Mochida, Yoshiharu Kato
We studied the ability of collagen vitrigel material to repair cartilage in vivo when used alone or with transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β). We measured the time course and quantity of TGF-β1 released from the collagen vitrigel in vitro to quantify the controlled release of TGF-β1. Over 14 days, 0.91 ng of TGF-β was released from the collagen vitrigel. Osteochondral defects were made in the femoral trochlear groove in 36 Japanese white rabbits, which were divided into three groups: untreated group (group A), collagen vitrigel-implanted group (group B), and TGF-β1-incorporated collagen vitrigel-implanted group (group C)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Licong Jia, Ming Su, Xingqiang Wu, Hanwen Sun
A selective accelerated solvent extraction procedure achieved one step extraction and clean up for analysis of herbicide atrazine and its metabolites in fruit. Using a BEH C18 analytical column and the gradient mode with 2 mM ammonium acetate aqueous solution/acetonitrile as a mobile phase achieved effective chromatographic separation of the five analytes within 4 min. The calibration curves were linear over two orders of magnitude of concentration with correlation coefficients (r) of 0.9996-0.9999. The method limit of quantification was 1, 2, 1...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Neelendra K Joshi, Edwin G Rajotte, Kusum J Naithani, Greg Krawczyk, Larry A Hull
Apple orchard management practices may affect development and phenology of arthropod pests, such as the codling moth (CM), Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), which is a serious internal fruit-feeding pest of apples worldwide. Estimating population dynamics and accurately predicting the timing of CM development and phenology events (for instance, adult flight, and egg-hatch) allows growers to understand and control local populations of CM. Studies were conducted to compare the CM flight phenology in commercial and abandoned apple orchard ecosystems using a logistic function model based on degree-days accumulation...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
P Smith-Brown, M Morrison, L Krause, P S W Davies
The first 1000 days (conception to 24 months) is when gut microbiota composition and eating patterns are established, and a critical period influencing lifelong health. The aim of this study is to examine the associations between food intakes and microbiota composition at the end of this period. Diet was quantified for 37 well-nourished Australian children aged between 2 to 3 years by using a food frequency questionnaire and 24 hr recalls. Both dairy and plant-based (fruit, vegetables, soy, pulses and nuts) food intakes were associated with distinct microbiota profiles...
October 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
Najwa Mohamad, Fhataheyah Buang, Azwan Mat Lazim, Naveed Ahmad, Claire Martin, Mohd Cairul Iqbal Mohd Amin
The use of bacterial cellulose (BC)-based hydrogel has been gaining attention owing to its biocompatibility and biodegradability. This study was designed to investigate the effect of radiation doses and acrylic acid (AA) composition on in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility of BC/AA as wound dressing materials. Physical properties of the hydrogel, that is, thickness, adhesiveness, rate of water vapor transmission, and swelling were measured. Moreover, the effect of these parameters on skin irritation and sensitization, blood compatibility, and cytotoxicity was studied...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Farzaneh Khademi, Jafar Ai, Masoud Soleimani, Javad Verdi, Seyed Mohammad Tavangar, Esmaeil Sadroddiny, Mohammad Massumi, Seyed Mahmoud Hashemi
Liver tissue engineering (TE) is rapidly emerging as an effective technique which combines engineering and biological processes to compensate for the shortage of damaged or destroyed liver tissues. We examined the viability, differentiation, and integration of hepatocyte-like cells on an electrospun polyethersulfone (PES) scaffold, derived from human endometrial stem cells (hEnSCs). Natural polymers were separately grafted on plasma-treated PES nanofibers, that is, collagen, heparan sulfate (HS) and collagen-HS...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Pavels Semjonovs, Maija Ruklisha, Longina Paegle, Madara Saka, Rita Treimane, Marite Skute, Linda Rozenberga, Laura Vikele, Martins Sabovics, Ilse Cleenwerck
Isolate B17 from Kombucha was estimated to be an efficient producer of bacterial cellulose (BC). The isolate was deposited under the number P 1463 and identified as Komagataeibacter rhaeticus by comparing a generated amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP™) DNA fingerprint against a reference database. Static cultivation of the K. rhaeticus strain P 1463 in Hestrin and Schramm (HS) medium resulted in 4.40 ± 0.22 g/L BC being produced, corresponding to a BC yield from glucose of 25.30 ± 1.78 %, when the inoculum was made with a modified HS medium containing 10 g/L glucose...
September 27, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Song Yang, Qiao Liu, Yue Wang, Liu-Lan Zhao, Yan Wang, Shi-Yong Yang, Zong-Jun Du, Jia-En Zhang
This study aims to evaluate the effects of supplementing golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata) eggs powder (EP) in the diet as a source of natural carotenoids on survival, pigmentation and antioxidant activity of Blood parrot. A total of 90 fish were divided into three treatment groups with three replicates per treatment. Blood parrot were fed with diets containing 0 (control), 5 % (EP 5 %), and 15 % (EP 15 %) dry powder of golden apple snail egg for 60 days, and nine fish per group were sampled at 20, 40, and 60 days...
2016: SpringerPlus
Rita Mirondo, Sheryl Barringer
Garlic causes a strong garlic breath that may persist for almost a day. Therefore, it is important to study deodorization techniques for garlic breath. The volatiles responsible for garlic breath include diallyl disulfide, allyl mercaptan, allyl methyl disulfide, and allyl methyl sulfide. After eating garlic, water (control), raw, juiced or heated apple, raw or heated lettuce, raw or juiced mint leaves, or green tea were consumed immediately. The levels of the garlic volatiles on the breath were analyzed from 1 to 60 min by selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS)...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science
Kate L Brookie, Louise A Mainvil, Anitra C Carr, Margreet C M Vissers, Tamlin S Conner
OBJECTIVES: To develop and test the effectiveness of a mobile-phone based ecological momentary intervention (EMI) to increase fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption in low-consuming young adults. METHODS: A two-week randomised controlled trial of low-FV consuming young adults ages 18-25 years (n = 171) compared three conditions: ecological momentary intervention (EMI), fruit and vegetable intervention (FVI), and a diet-as-usual control (ANZCTRN12615000183583). Participants in the EMI condition were sent two targeted text messages a day for 13 days and were asked to increase daily FV consumption to at least five servings...
September 15, 2016: Appetite
Marie Claude Denis, Denis Roy, Pantea Rahmani Yeganeh, Yves Desjardins, Thibault Varin, Nour Haddad, Devendra Amre, Alain Théophile Sané, Carole Garofalo, Alexandra Furtos, Natalie Patey, Edgard Delvin, Eric Tremblay, Andre Marette, Jean François Beaulieu, Emile Levy
Diets rich in fruits and vegetables may reduce oxidative stress and inflammation via several mechanisms. These beneficial effects may be due to their high polyphenol content. The aims of the present study are to evaluate the preventive and therapeutic aspects of polyphenols in dried apple peel extract (DAPP) on intestinal inflammation while elucidating the underlying mechanisms and clinical benefits. Induction of intestinal inflammation in mice was performed by oral administration of the inflammatory agent DSS at 2...
September 14, 2016: Clinical Science (1979-)
Anna Carolina Ratto-Tespestini, Paula Juliana Pérez-Chaparro, Giuseppe Alexandre Romito, Luciene Cristina Figueiredo, Marcelo Faveri, Hilana Paula Carillo, Priscila Larcher, Magda Feres
INTRODUCTION: Oral-derived bacteremia may occur after several dental procedures and routine daily activities. Some conditions of the oral cavity may favor episodes of bacteremia. This would be the case of patients with diabetes mellitus and periodontitis, who exhibit exacerbated gingival inflammation and may be more prone to developing oral-derived bacteremia.  OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of an independent culture method (quantitative real-time PCR- qCR) and the most commonly used method (BacT-ALERT 3D®) for the diagnosis of bacteremia...
2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
N M Foley, E P O'Connell, E A Lehane, V Livingstone, B Maher, S Kaimkhani, T Cil, N Relihan, M W Bennett, H P Redmond, M A Corrigan
OBJECTIVES: The information needs of cancer patients are highly variable. Literature suggests an improved ability to modulate personalised stress, increased patient involvement with decision making, greater satisfaction with treatment choices and reduced anxiety levels in cancer patients who have access to information. The aim of this project was to evaluate the effects of a mobile information application on anxiety levels of patients undergoing surgery for breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An application was developed for use with Apple iPad containing information on basic breast cancer biology, different treatments used and surgical techniques...
September 6, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Alexander Mertens, Christopher Brandl, Talya Miron-Shatz, Christopher Schlick, Till Neumann, Andreas Kribben, Sven Meister, Clarissa Jonas Diamantidis, Urs-Vito Albrecht, Peter Horn, Stefan Becker
Medication adherence is crucial for success in the management of patients with chronic conditions. This study analyzes whether a mobile application on a tablet aimed at supporting drug intake and vital sign parameter documentation affects adherence in elderly patients.Patients with coronary heart disease and no prior knowledge of tablet computers were recruited. They received a personal introduction to the mobile application Medication Plan, installed on an Apple iPad. The study was conducted using a crossover design with 3 sequences: initial phase, interventional phase (28 days of using the app system), and comparative phase (28 days of using a paper diary)...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Khalil Shahramian, Heidi Leminen, Ville Meretoja, Paula Linderbäck, Ilkka Kangasniemi, Lippo Lassila, Aous Abdulmajeed, Timo Närhi
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of sol-gel derived bioactive coatings on the biaxial flexural strength and fibroblast proliferation of zirconia, aimed to be used as an implant abutment material. Yttrium stabilized zirconia disc-shaped specimens were cut, ground, sintered, and finally cleansed ultrasonically in each of acetone and ethanol for 5 minutes. Three experimental groups (n = 15) were fabricated, zirconia with sol-gel derived titania (TiO2 ) coating, zirconia with sol-gel derived zirconia (ZrO2 ) coating, and non-coated zirconia as a control...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Naoki Akasaka, Haruka Higashikubo, Yuri Ishii, Hisao Sakoda, Shinsuke Fujiwara
Vinegar produced by acetic acid bacteria is used as an attractant for fruit flies. Apple cider vinegar (ACV) and brown rice vinegar (BRV) are used as lures to detect Drosophila suzukii (also known as the spotted wing drosophila [SWD], a newly emerging invasive pest of soft-skinned fruits) and to capture Drosophila melanogaster, respectively. In the present study, we evaluated the attractiveness of BRV and ACV to SWD in laboratory trapping experiments using an upturned microcentrifuge tube with a pipette tip as a trap...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Gian Carlo Tenore, Domenico Caruso, Giuseppe Buonomo, Emanuela D'Urso, Maria D'Avino, Pietro Campiglia, Luciana Marinelli, Ettore Novellino
BACKGROUND: Recent human studies have evaluated the effect of daily apple consumption on plasma cholesterol level which is recognized as an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Nevertheless, slightly significant effects have been generally registered although consuming more than two apples a day for several weeks. RESULTS: This study describes the influence of daily consumption of Annurca apples on the cholesterol levels of mildly hypercholesterolemic healthy subjects...
August 30, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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