keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

apple a day

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805042/fabrication-and-characterization-of-electrospun-laminin-functionalized-silk-fibroin-poly-ethylene-oxide-nanofibrous-scaffolds-for-peripheral-nerve-regeneration
#1
Mina Rajabi, Masoumeh Firouzi, Zahra Hassannejad, Ismaeil Haririan, Payam Zahedi
The peripheral nerve regeneration is still one of the major clinical problems, which has received a great deal of attention. In this study, the electrospun silk fibroin (SF)/poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) nanofibrous scaffolds were fabricated and functionalized their surfaces with laminin (LN) without chemical linkers for potential use in the peripheral nerve tissue engineering. The morphology, surface chemistry, thermal behavior and wettability of the scaffolds were examined to evaluate their performance by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and water contact angle (WCA) measurements, respectively...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800823/detection-and-quantification-of-alicyclobacillus-acidoterrestris-by-electrical-impedance-in-apple-juice
#2
Pilar Fernández, José Antonio Gabaldón, Mª Jesús Periago
Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris is a thermotolerant bacterium able to grow in fruit juices and drinks, as the spoilage by Alicyclobacillus in the final product does not product any gas, but leads to a "medicine flavor" due to the formation of guaicol. Also, its detection is a challenge for the quality control departments, because it takes several days to get the results of traditional microbiology methods. This study aimed at developing a more accurate electrical impedance technique for the detection of A...
December 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800147/reduction-in-bacteremia-after-brushing-with-a-triclosan-copolymer-dentifrice-a-randomized-clinical-study
#3
P K Sreenivasan, D Tischio-Bereski, D H Fine
AIM: The aims of this study were to; 1) test susceptibility to bacteremia in subjects with moderate gingivitis, and 2) compare the effects of brushing with a fluoride toothpaste (control) as compared to a triclosan/copolymer toothpaste (test) on those susceptible to repeated bacteremia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 107 adult subjects were tested for repeated bacteremia after eating a hard apple. 29 bacteremia positive subjects were enrolled in a double-blind cross-over study designed to analyze the effects of a test toothpaste...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799133/tablets-for-image-review-and-communication-in-daily-routine-of-orthopedic-surgeons-an-evaluation-study
#4
Sven Y Vetter, Svenja Schüler, Matthes Hackbusch, Michael Müller, Benedict Swartman, Marc Schnetzke, Paul Alfred Grützner, Jochen Franke
Medical images are essential in modern traumatology and orthopedic surgery. Access to images is often cumbersome due to a limited number of workstations. Moreover, due to the tremendous increase of data, the time to review or to communicate images has also become limited. One approach to overcome these problems is to make use of modern mobile devices, like tablet computers, to facilitate image access and associated workflows. Ten orthopedic surgeons were equipped with an Apple iPad mini 2 and specialized viewing software for medical images...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794931/improved-production-of-kojic-acid-by-mutagenesis-of-aspergillus-flavus-hak1-and-aspergillus-oryzae-hak2-and-their-potential-antioxidant-activity
#5
Hala A M Ammar, Saeid M Ezzat, Asmaa M Houseny
Two wild-type (WT) Aspergillus strains, A. flavus HAk1 and A. oryzae HAk2, were selected for kojic acid (KA) biosynthesis. Malt extract sucrose culture medium (MES) was the best culture medium for maximum production of KA. The maximum production of KA has been estimated at pH 4 after 7 days of incubation at 30 °C. Overproduction of KA was attained by mutagenesis of both A. flavus HAk1 and A. oryzae HAk2 through their exposer to different doses of gamma irradiation. The mutant strains (MT) A. flavus HAk1-M2 and A...
October 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790993/fate-of-listeria-monocytogenes-on-fresh-apples-under-different-storage-temperatures
#6
Lina Sheng, Katheryn Edwards, Hsieh-Chin Tsai, Ines Hanrahan, Mei-Jun Zhu
Fresh apples are typically stored for up to 1 year commercially; different apple varieties require different storage temperatures to maintain their quality characteristics. There is sparse information available about Listeria monocytogenes survival on fresh apples under various storage temperatures. The objective of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the effect of storage temperature on apple fruit decay and L. monocytogenes survival. Unwaxed apple fruits of selected varieties (Fuji and Granny Smith) were dip inoculated in a three-strain L...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764258/apple-peel-intestinal-atresia-along-with-isolated-jejunal-duplication-cyst-in-a-newborn-an-extremely-rare-case-report-and-brief-review
#7
Prasanta Kumar Tripathy, Kaumudee Pattnaik, Pradip Kumar Jena, Hiranya Kishor Mohanty
Apple-peel type of intestinal atresia and non-communicating jejunal duplication cyst are rare congenital malformations. The coexistence is not reported in English literature. A five-day-old female neonate having intestinal obstruction and was found to have both the anomalies during laparotomy and was successfully managed. Being an extremely uncommon association between two congenital anomalies of gastrointestinal tract and surgical emergencies, it is reported with review of relevant literature.
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758980/effects-of-pla-film-incorporated-with-zno-nanoparticle-on-the-quality-attributes-of-fresh-cut-apple
#8
Wenhui Li, Lin Li, Yun Cao, Tianqing Lan, Haiyan Chen, Yuyue Qin
A novel nanopackaging film was synthesized by incorporating ZnO nanoparticles into a poly-lactic acid (PLA) matrix, and its effect on the quality of fresh-cut apple during the period of preservation was investigated at 4 ± 1 °C for 14 days. Six wt % cinnamaldehyde was added into the nano-blend film. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis showed a rougher cross-section of the nano-blend films and an X-ray diffraction (XRD) was carried out to determine the structure of the ZnO nanoparticles. Compared to the pure PLA film, the nano-blend film had a higher water vapor permeability (WVP) and lower oxygen permeability...
July 31, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746554/phenological-characterization-and-temperature-requirements-of-annona-squamosa-l-in-the-brazilian-semiarid-region
#9
Débora S Mendes, Marlon C T Pereira, Silvia Nietsche, Joseilton F Silva, Josiele S Rocha, Athos H Mendes, Helisson R A Xavier, Rayane C Dos Santos
The phenological growth stages of various species of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants can be uniformly coded using the Biologische Bundesanstalt, Bundessortenamt, und Chemische Industrie (BBCH) scale. The aim of the present study was to determine the duration of different phenological stages and the temperature requirements of the sugar-apple, Annona squamosa, during two crop cycles in the semiarid region of Brazil. Phenological stages were divided into eight of ten possible principal stages: (0) bud development, (1) leaf development, (3) shoot/branch development, (5) inflorescence emergence, (6) flowering, (7) fruit development, (8) fruit maturity and (9) senescence and the beginning of dormancy...
July 20, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739197/type-1-and-2-myocardial-infarction-and-myocardial-injury-clinical-transition-to-high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-i
#10
Yader Sandoval, Stephen W Smith, Anne Sexter, Sarah E Thordsen, Charles A Bruen, Michelle D Carlson, Kenneth W Dodd, Brian E Driver, Yan Hu, Katherine Jacoby, Benjamin K Johnson, Sara A Love, Johanna C Moore, Karen Schulz, Nathaniel L Scott, Fred S Apple
BACKGROUND: Studies addressing patients with type 2 myocardial infarction and myocardial injury, including the impact of using high-sensitivity (hs) cardiac troponin (cTn) assays on their incidence are needed. METHODS: Prospective, observational US cohort study. Consecutive emergency department patients with serial cTnI measurements. Outcomes included 180-day mortality and major adverse cardiac events, including 2-year follow-up for those with myonecrosis. RESULTS: Among 1,640 patients, using a contemporary cTnI assay, 30% (n=497) had ≥1 cTnI >99(th) percentile; with 4...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738556/development-of-a-new-sample-preparation-method-based-on-liquid-liquid-liquid-extraction-combined-with-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-and-its-application-on-unfiltered-samples-containing-high-content-of-solids
#11
Mir Ali Farajzadeh, Maryam Abbaspour
A new sample preparation method based on liquid-liquid-liquid extraction combined with dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction followed by gas chromatography-flame ionization detection has been reported for the extraction/preconcentration and determination of trace levels of twelve pesticide residues from different samples with high content of solids without filtration. This method consists of a three-phase system including an aqueous phase (sample solution), acetonitrile, and hexane. The extraction mechanism is based on different affinities of the substances from the sample matrices towards each of the involved phase, which provides a high selectivity to the process...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714091/habitual-diet-and-diet-quality-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a%C3%A2-case-control-study
#12
E F Tigchelaar, Z Mujagic, A Zhernakova, M A M Hesselink, S Meijboom, C W M Perenboom, A A M Masclee, C Wijmenga, E J M Feskens, D M A E Jonkers
BACKGROUND: Diet is considered to be a key factor in symptom generation in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and patients tend to exclude food products from their diet in pursue of symptom relief, which may impair diet quality. METHODS: We evaluated habitual dietary intake in IBS patients with regard to nutrients and food products using an extensive food frequency questionnaire. One hundred ninety-four IBS patients were compared to 186 healthy controls using multiple logistic regression analysis...
July 17, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713362/biocontrol-agents-increase-the-specific-rate-of-patulin-production-by-penicillium-expansum-but-decrease-the-disease-and-total-patulin-contamination-of-apples
#13
Xiangfeng Zheng, Qiya Yang, Xiaoyun Zhang, Maurice T Apaliya, Giuseppe Ianiri, Hongyin Zhang, Raffaello Castoria
Synthetic fungicides are commonly employed for the control of postharvest diseases of fruits. However, due to health concerns about the use of these chemicals, alternative control methods including biocontrol based on antagonistic yeasts are gaining in popularity. In this study, we investigated the effects of two biocontrol yeasts, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa strain 3617 and Rhodotorula kratochvilovae strain LS11, on blue mold and patulin (PAT) contamination caused by Penicillium expansum strains PY and FS7 in artificially inoculated Fuji apples stored at 20°C for 9 days...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701316/diagnostic-performance-of-high-sensitivity-compared-with-contemporary-cardiac-troponin-i-for-the-diagnosis-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#14
Yader Sandoval, Stephen W Smith, Sarah E Thordsen, Charles A Bruen, Michelle D Carlson, Kenneth W Dodd, Brian E Driver, Katherine Jacoby, Benjamin K Johnson, Sara A Love, Johanna C Moore, Anne Sexter, Karen Schulz, Nathaniel L Scott, Jennifer Nicholson, Fred S Apple
BACKGROUND: We examined the diagnostic performance of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) vs contemporary cTnI with use of the 99th percentile alone and with a normal electrocardiogram (ECG) to rule out acute myocardial infarction (MI) and serial changes (deltas) to rule in MI. METHODS: We included consecutive patients presenting to a US emergency department with serial cTnI on clinical indication (NCT02060760). Diagnostic performance for acute MI, including MI subtypes, and 30-day outcomes were examined...
July 12, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690605/dicer-like-genes-are-required-for-h2o2-and-kcl-stress-responses-pathogenicity-and-small-rna-generation-in-valsa-mali
#15
Hao Feng, Ming Xu, Yangyang Liu, Ruqing Dong, Xiaoning Gao, Lili Huang
Valsa mali (V. mali) is the causative agent of apple tree Valsa canker, which heavily damages the production of apples in China. However, the biological roles of the RNA interfering (RNAi) pathway in the pathogenicity of V. mali remain unknown. Dicer-like proteins (DCLs) are important components that control the initiation of the RNAi pathway. In this study, VmDCL1 and VmDCL2 were isolated and functionally characterized in V. mali. VmDCL1 and VmDCL2 are orthologous in evolution to the DCLs in Cryphonectria parasitica...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688253/effects-of-apple-branch-biochar-on-soil-c-mineralization-and-nutrient-cycling-under-two-levels-of-n
#16
Shuailin Li, Chutao Liang, Zhouping Shangguan
The incorporation of biochar into soil has been proposed as a strategy for enhancing soil fertility and crop productivity. However, there is limited information regarding the responses of soil respiration and the C, N and P cycles to the addition of apple branch biochar at different rates to soil with different levels of N. A 108-day incubation experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of the rate of biochar addition (0, 1, 2 and 4% by mass) on soil respiration and nutrients and the activities of enzymes involved in C, N and P cycling under two levels of N...
July 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675568/sciatic-nerve-regeneration-by-transplantation-of-schwann-cells-via-erythropoietin-controlled-releasing-polylactic-acid-multiwalled-carbon-nanotubes-gelatin-nanofibrils-neural-guidance-conduit
#17
Majid Salehi, Mahdi Naseri-Nosar, Somayeh Ebrahimi-Barough, Mohammdreza Nourani, Arash Khojasteh, Amir-Ali Hamidieh, Amir Amani, Saeed Farzamfar, Jafar Ai
The current study aimed to enhance the efficacy of peripheral nerve regeneration using an electrically conductive biodegradable porous neural guidance conduit for transplantation of allogeneic Schwann cells (SCs). The conduit was produced from polylactic acid (PLA), multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), and gelatin nanofibrils (GNFs) coated with the recombinant human erythropoietin-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (rhEpo-CNPs). The PLA/MWCNTs/GNFs/rhEpo-CNPs conduit had the porosity of 85.78 ± 0.70%, the contact angle of 77...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654874/aquatic-toxicity-of-ivermectin-in-cattle-dung-assessed-using-microcosms
#18
Leticia M Mesa, I Lindt, L Negro, M F Gutierrez, G Mayora, L Montalto, M Ballent, A Lifschitz
Ivermectin (IVM) is a parasiticide widely used for livestock. It is a semisynthetic derivative of avermectin, a macrocyclic lactone produced by Streptomyces avermitilis. This drug is only partly metabolized by livestock; considerable amounts of parent drug are excreted mostly via feces. To simulate exposure of aquatic invertebrates and macrophytes to direct excretion of cattle dung into surface waters, a microcosm experiment with IVM spiked in cattle dung was conducted. The objectives of this study were to characterize accumulation of IVM in water, sediment+dung, roots of the floating fern Salvinia and the zooplankton Ceriodaphnia dubia, the amphipod Hyalella and the apple snail Pomacea; to determine the effect of this drug spiked in cattle dung on life-history traits of these invertebrates; and to evaluate the influence of IVM on aquatic nutrient cycling...
June 24, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653154/dna-persistence-of-bite-marks-on-food-and-its-relevance-for-str-typing
#19
Céline M Pfeifer, Anja Gass, Rachel Klein-Unseld, Peter Wiegand
In forensic DNA analysis, salivary traces at crime scenes are a promising way to identify a person. However, crime scenes are oftentimes investigated a while after the crime and recovered samples might have been degraded leading to poor PCR amplification. Probably due to decomposition and negative visual impression of spoiled food, bite mark samples make up only a small part of our casework routine. In this study, bite marks on apples and chocolate bars as well as on an inert surface (microscope slide) were stored up to 3 weeks indoors and outdoors during different seasons and analyzed for amylase activity and DNA quantity and quality...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650114/the-effect-of-adhesives-on-inflammatory-immune-markers-during-renal-injury-healing
#20
José Miguel Lloris-Carsí, Carlos Barrios, Beatriz Prieto-Moure, José Miguel Lloris-Cejalvo, Dolores Cejalvo-Lapeña
Renal injury is common in abdominal trauma. Adhesives and sealants can be used to repair and preserve damaged organs. We describe the effect of three biomaterial treatments (TachoSil, GelitaSpon, and Adhflex) on injured renal tissue. Renal traumatic injuries were experimentally induced in male Wistar rats (n = 90) using a punch. Animals were divided into five groups: (1) sham noninjured (n = 3) and punch injury groups; (2) nontreated (n = 6); (3) TachoSil (n = 27); (4) GelitaSpon (n = 27); and (5) Adhflex (n = 27)...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
keyword
keyword
103250
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"