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European study of the liver

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544651/genetic-determination-of-body-fat-distribution-and-the-attributive-influence-on-metabolism
#1
Ellen Fehlert, Róbert Wagner, Caroline Ketterer, Anja Böhm, Jürgen Machann, Louise Fritsche, Fausto Machicao, Fritz Schick, Harald Staiger, Norbert Stefan, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Andreas Fritsche, Martin Heni
OBJECTIVE: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with estimates of body fat distribution. Using predefined risk allele scores, the correlation of these scores with precisely quantified body fat distribution assessed by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques and with metabolic traits was investigated. METHODS: Data from 4,944 MR scans from 915 subjects of European ancestry were analyzed. Body fat distribution was determined by MR imaging and liver fat content by (1) H-MR spectroscopy...
May 25, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529652/de-novo-assembly-of-the-liver-transcriptome-of-the-european-starling-sturnus-vulgaris
#2
Mark F Richardson, William B Sherwin, Lee A Rollins
The European starling, Sturnus vulgaris, is a prolific and worldwide invasive species that also has served as an important model for avian ecological and invasion research. Although the genome sequence recently has become available, no transcriptome data have been published for this species. Here, we have sequenced and assembled the S. vulgaris liver transcriptome, which will provide a foundational resource for further annotation and validation of the draft genome. Moreover, it will be important for ecological and evolutionary studies investigating the genetic factors underlying rapid evolution and invasion success in this global invader...
2017: Journal of Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494818/is-there-echinococcosis-in-west-africa-a-refugee-from-niger-with-a-liver-cyst
#3
Andrea Angheben, Mara Mariconti, Monica Degani, Maria Gobbo, Loredana Palvarini, Federico Gobbi, Enrico Brunetti, Francesca Tamarozzi
BACKGROUND: Italy is presently facing an increase in immigration from sub-Saharan Africa through the Mediterranean Sea. Case reports of human cystic echinococcosis (CE) have been reported from most sub-Saharan countries. Therefore, an increase in the number of patients with CE coming from these areas in the Italian and European centers for infectious diseases is expected. Unfortunately, the epidemiology of CE in sub-Saharan countries is poorly known, which makes clinical suspicion and diagnosis of such infection difficult in patients coming from these areas...
May 11, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490989/evaluation-of-response-after-sbrt-for-liver-tumors
#4
Raphael Tétreau, Carmen Llacer, Olivier Riou, Emmanuel Deshayes
Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has developed over the last few years for the treatment of primary and metastatic hepatic tumors. The tumoral and adjacent peritumoral modifications caused by this radiosurgery limit the evaluation of response by anatomic imaging and dimensional criteria alone, such as with RECIST. This suggests that it is of interest to also take into account the residual enhancement and hyper metabolism of these hepatic targets. We have reviewed the English language literature regarding the response of hepatic lesions treated by SBRT, and found that only seven articles were specifically concerned with this problem...
March 2017: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484195/investigation-of-the-utility-of-various-diagnostic-guidelines-for-wilson-s-disease
#5
Masato Nakai, Kenichi Morikawa, Masatsugu Ohara, Naoki Kawagishi, Takaaki Izumi, Machiko Umemura, Jun Ito, Seiji Tsunematsu, Fumiyuki Sato, Takuya Sho, Goki Suda, Koji Ogawa, Naoya Sakamoto
Wilson's disease is one of many potential differential diagnoses in patients with unknown liver injury or liver cirrhosis. Many patients are diagnosed in early childhood, but rare cases may not be revealed until adulthood, and of these, most present with liver cirrhosis. While some patients can be diagnosed by the examination of serum ceruloplasmin and urinary copper levels, there are patients in whom ATP7B genetic testing and hepatic copper content measurement are indicated. Diagnostic guidelines for Wilson's disease were proposed by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases in 2008, the European Association for the Study of the Liver in 2012, and the Japan Society of Hepatology along with affiliated societies in 2015...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483561/cardiorespiratory-fitness-waist-circumference-and-liver-enzyme-levels-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-cross-sectional-study
#6
María Medrano, Idoia Labayen, Jonatan R Ruiz, Gerardo Rodríguez, Christina Breidenassel, Manuel Castillo, Raquel Pedrero, Kurt Widhalm, Anthony Kafatos, Yannis Manios, Dénés Molnar, Marcela González-Gross, Francisco B Ortega, Luis A Moreno
OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine whether cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is related to liver enzyme levels independent of waist circumference (WC), and (2) To test whether having a high CRF is associated with an improved liver enzyme profile with a high WC. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: CRF (20m-shuttle-run test) and WC were assessed in 811 European adolescents (48.5% males) aged 12.5-17.5 years. Fatty liver biomarkers included fasting serum alanine-aminotransferase (ALT), gamma-glutamyl-transpeptidase (GGT) and the aspartate-aminotransferase to ALT (AST/ALT) ratio...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480743/hepatitis-c-virus-resistance-testing-in-genotype-1-the-changing-role-in-clinical-utility
#7
Suzanne Molino, Michelle T Martin
OBJECTIVE: To review the role and utility of baseline resistance testing with currently available and pipeline genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment. DATA SOURCES: Authors reviewed liver meeting abstracts for data on currently-available and pipeline genotype 1 retreatment regimens from January 1, 2015, to March 23, 2017. Additional trials were identified from a review of clinicaltrials.gov using the pipeline medication names. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Authors identified reports of current and pipeline genotype 1 retreatment regimens...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479542/meeting-end-user-needs-in-collaborative-medical-device-technology-development-research-projects-a-qualitative-case-study
#8
Frode Strisland, Ingrid Storruste Svagård, Hanne Opsahl Austad, Jarl Reitan
The aim of this case study has been to investigate to what extent user centered design (UCD) methodologies have been applied, how the process and outcomes were perceived by project team members, and what were potential barriers towards meeting end user needs. The case studied was the European Union Framework 7 integrated project d-LIVER (2011-2015), which aimed at developing an integrated care system for chronic liver disease patient management. d-LIVER is an example of a public funded, international, multidisciplinary, collaborative research project where development starts from a low technology readiness level, but where research is motivated by societal needs for better health care solutions...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476006/evidence-of-in%C3%A2-vitro-metabolic-interaction-effects-of-a-chlorfenvinphos-ethion-and-linuron-mixture-on-human-hepatic-detoxification-rates
#9
Ali Kadar, Georges de Sousa, Ludovic Peyre, Henri Wortham, Pierre Doumenq, Roger Rahmani
General population exposure to pesticides mainly occurs via food and water consumption. However, their risk assessment for regulatory purposes does not currently consider the actual co-exposure to multiple substances. To address this concern, relevant experimental studies are needed to fill the lack of data concerning effects of mixture on human health. For the first time, the present work evaluated on human microsomes and liver cells the combined metabolic effects of, chlorfenvinphos, ethion and linuron, three pesticides usually found in vegetables of the European Union...
April 26, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473212/hepatocellular-adenoma-in-a-european-flatfish-limanda-limanda-genetic-alterations-in-laser-capture-micro-dissected-tissue-and-global-transcriptomic-approach
#10
Adélaïde Lerebours, Emma Chapman, Brett P Lyons, John P Bignell, Grant D Stentiford, Jeanette M Rotchell
Liver tumours in flatfish have been diagnosed using histopathology for decades to monitor the impacts of marine pollution. Here we describe the application of specific gene (retinoblastoma, Rb) profiling in laser capture micro-dissected samples, and a suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) approach to isolate differentially expressed genes in hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) samples from dab, Limanda limanda. The Rb profiles from apparently normal and HCA micro-dissected samples of fish from the North Sea showed no significant difference, and genotypic heterogeneity within defined histological phenotypes was observed...
May 1, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471829/epidemiology-of-pancreatic-cancer-in-france-descriptive-study-from-the-french-national-hospital-database
#11
Frédérique Maire, Jean-Olivier Cibot, Catherine Compagne, Olivia Hentic, Pascal Hammel, Nelly Muller, Philippe Ponsot, Philippe Levy, Philippe Ruszniewski
INTRODUCTION: Although indirect evidence suggests that the incidence of pancreatic adenocarcinoma has increased in the last decade, few data are available in European countries. The aim of the present study was to update the epidemiology of pancreatic cancer in France in 2014 from the French national hospital database (Programme de Médicalisation des Systèmes d'Information). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients hospitalized for pancreatic cancer in France in 2014 in public or private institutions were included...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465155/effect-of-liver-disease-on-hepatic-transporter-expression-and-function
#12
REVIEW
Nilay Thakkar, Jason R Slizgi, Kim L R Brouwer
Liver disease can alter the disposition of xenobiotics and endogenous substances. Regulatory agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Evaluation Agency (EMEA) recommend, if possible, studying the effect of liver disease on drugs under development to guide specific dose recommendations in these patients. While extensive research has been conducted to characterize the effect of liver disease on drug-metabolizing enzymes, emerging data have implicated that the expression and/or function of hepatobiliary transport proteins also are altered in liver disease...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464883/late-presentation-of-chronic-viral-hepatitis-for-medical-care-a-consensus-definition
#13
Stefan Mauss, Stanislas Pol, Maria Buti, Erika Duffell, Charles Gore, Jeffrey V Lazarus, Hilje Logtenberg-van der Grient, Jens Lundgren, Antons Mozalevskis, Dorthe Raben, Eberhard Schatz, Stefan Wiktor, Jürgen K Rockstroh
INTRODUCTION: We present two consensus definitions of advanced and late stage liver disease being used as epidemiological tools. These definitions can be applied to assess the morbidity caused by liver diseases in different health care systems. We focus is on hepatitis B and C virus infections, because effective and well tolerated treatments for both of these infections have greatly improved our ability to successfully treat and prevent advanced and late stage disease, especially if diagnosed early...
May 3, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458012/lack-of-genotoxicity-in%C3%A2-vivo-for-food-color-additive-allura-red-ac
#14
Maria Bastaki, Thomas Farrell, Sachin Bhusari, Kamala Pant, Rohan Kulkarni
Allura Red AC is an approved food color additive internationally with INS number 129, in the United States as food color subject to batch certification "Food, Drug, and Cosmetic" (FD&C) Red No. 40, and in Europe as food color additive with E number 129. In their evaluation of the color (2013), the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) expressed concerns of potential genotoxicity, based primarily on one genotoxicity study that was not conducted according to Guidelines. The present in vivo genotoxicity study was conducted according to OECD Guidelines in response to EFSA's request for additional data...
April 27, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457711/european-association-for-the-study-of-the-liver-international-liver-congress-2017-meeting
#15
Janet Fricker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457407/oral-health-and-quality-of-life-in-candidates-for-liver-transplantation
#16
L Lins, I Aguiar, F M Carvalho, L Souza, V Sarmento, L Codes, P Bittencourt, R Paraná, J Bastos
BACKGROUND: There is a gap in the scientific literature about the association between oral health and the health-related quality of life of patients on the liver transplantation waiting list. The aim of this work was to describe aspects of oral health and quality of life of patients on a liver transplantation waiting list. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study among 116 patients with chronic hepatic disease: 29 on a liver transplantation waiting list (Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score ≥15) and 87 under monitoring in a gastroenterology service in a Brazilian university hospital...
May 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456135/differential-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-patients-with-hbv-related-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-defined-by-easl-clif-criteria
#17
Juan Wu, Yuan-Yuan Li, Jin-Hua Hu, Lin Jia, Ming Shi, Fan-Ping Meng, Juan Li, Juan Zhao, Fu-Sheng Wang, Qing-Hua Meng
AIM: To determine the differential characteristics and prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) detected using Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL) criteria and then classified using European Association for the Study of the Liver-Chronic Liver Failure (EASL-CLIF) criteria. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 316 HBV-related APASL ACLF patients treated at Beijing 302 Hospital or Beijing You'An Hospital between February 2015 and February 2016...
April 29, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454783/lack-of-genotoxicity-in%C3%A2-vivo-for-food-color-additive-tartrazine
#18
Maria Bastaki, Thomas Farrell, Sachin Bhusari, Kamala Pant, Rohan Kulkarni
Tartrazine is approved as a food color additive internationally with INS number 102, in the United States as food color subject to batch certification "Food, Drug, and Cosmetic" (FD&C) Yellow No. 5, and in Europe as food color additive with E number 102. In their evaluation of the color (2013), the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) expressed concerns of potential genotoxicity, based primarily on one genotoxicity study that was not conducted according to Guidelines. The present in vivo genotoxicity study was conducted according to OECD Guidelines in response to EFSA's request for additional data...
April 25, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442112/experimental-infection-with-yersinia-pseudotuberculosis-in-european-brown-hare-lepus-europaeus-pallas
#19
Filippo Fratini, Ranieri Verin, Valentina V Ebani, Cecilia Ambrogi, Fabrizio Bertelloni, Barbara Turchi, Alessandro Poli, Domenico Cerri
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinicopathological, bacteriological and pathological aspects of an experimental infection with Yersinia pseudotuberculosis (Y. pseudotuberculosis) in hares to verify the efficacy of serology for the in vivo diagnosis. Moreover, the pathogenicity of two Y. pseudotuberculosis strains was investigated in order to detect potential differences. METHODS: Twelve European brown hares (Lepus europaeus, Pallas) were experimentally infected per os and via conjunctival mucosae with Y...
March 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431480/predictive-and-prognostic-factors-associated-with-soft-tissue-sarcoma-response-to-chemotherapy-a-subgroup-analysis-of-the-european-organisation-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-62012-study
#20
Robin J Young, Saskia Litière, Michela Lia, Pancras C W Hogendoorn, Cyril Fisher, Gunhild Mechtersheimer, Søren Daugaard, Raf Sciot, Françoise Collin, Christina Messiou, Viktor Grünwald, Alessandro Gronchi, Winette van der Graaf, Eva Wardelmann, Ian Judson
BACKGROUND: The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 62012 study was a Phase III trial of doxorubicin versus doxorubicin-ifosfamide chemotherapy in 455 patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Analysis of the main study showed that combination chemotherapy improved tumor response and progression-free survival, but differences in overall survival (OS) were not statistically significant. We analyzed factors prognostic for tumor response and OS, and assessed histological subgroup and tumor grade as predictive factors to identify patients more likely to benefit from combination chemotherapy...
July 2017: Acta Oncologica
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