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European study of the liver

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087301/molecular-characterization-and-quantification-of-estrogen-receptors-in-turbot-scophthalmus-maximus
#1
Peng Hu, Zheng Meng, Yudong Jia
Estrogens regulate various reproductive processes via estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated signaling pathway in vertebrates. In this study, full-length sequences coding for ERα, ERβ1 and ERβ2 were isolated from female turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) by homology cloning and a strategy based on rapid amplification of cDNA end-polymerase chain reaction (RACE-PCR). The nucleotide and amino acid sequences of turbot ERs showed high homologies with the corresponding sequences of other fish species and significant homology with the Japaenese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) and the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)...
January 10, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079558/once-daily-tacrolimus-in-liver-transplantation-a-me-too-drug-or-a-therapeutic-advantage
#2
Pavel Trunečka
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide latest information on differences between standard tacrolimus (TAC BID) and slow-released formulation of tacrolimus (Advagraf) in liver transplantation (LTx), and to discuss the latter's therapeutic value as a distinct entity. RECENT FINDINGS: Two articles on de-novo studies, several on conversion and one on survival analysis from the European Liver Transplant Registry published recently showed that low-dose Advagraf immediately after transplantation provided same protection to the kidney as standard dose delayed until day 5, and was associated with lower rejection rate; to maintain the same trough level after late conversion to Advagraf, an approximately 1...
January 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070175/a-special-meeting-review-edition-advances-in-the-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-from-the-2016-easl-meeting-the-annual-meeting-of-the-european-association-for-the-study-of-the-liver-%C3%A2-april-13-17-2016-%C3%A2-barcelona-spainspecial-reporting-on-%C3%A2-six-weeks
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069081/influence-of-triaenophorus-nodulosus-plerocercoids-cestoda-pseudophyllidea-on-the-occurrence-of-intestinal-helminths-in-the-perch-perca-fluviatilis
#4
N J Morley, J W Lewis
Concurrent infections of helminths in vertebrates are widespread and may demonstrate synergistic, antagonistic or negligible levels of interactions between species that share a common site. However, indirect interactions between species that occur in different organs of a host are poorly documented, particularly in fish. Plerocercoids of Triaenophorus nodulosus are common liver infections of European perch (Perca fluviatilis). These larval cestodes cause extensive liver damage, resulting in systemic pathologies that include alteration of the physiochemical environment of the intestine...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063180/do-occupational-exposures-to-vinyl-chloride-cause-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-cirrhosis
#5
Marcello Lotti
Controversy exists about the association between occupational exposures to vinyl chloride and hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis. Two large multicentre mortality cohort studies, one American and another European, reported higher mortality for primary cancer of liver and biliary tract. However, the American study was not able to rule out misclassification, because based on death certificates and under the heading primary liver cancers, some angiosarcomas, the typical neoplasia associated with vinyl chloride, may have been included...
January 7, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063097/ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-liver-enzyme-levels-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#6
Idoia Labayen, Jonatan R Ruiz, Inge Huybrechts, Francisco B Ortega, Manuel Castillo, Michael Sjöstrom, Marcela González-Gross, Yannis Manios, Kurt Widhalm, Anthony Kafatos, Christina Breidenassel, Gerardo Rodríguez, Jean Dallongeville, Frédéric Gottrand, Luis A Moreno
There is an increasing interest for the role of liver enzymes as predictors of non-liver-related morbidity and mortality. The American Heart Association (AHA) described the ideal cardiovascular health concept as a score of seven cardiovascular health behaviors and factors that can be used to monitor and predict ideal cardiovascular health over time. This study aimed to examine the association of the ideal cardiovascular health (ICH), as defined by the AHA, with liver enzyme levels in European adolescents. A total of 637 adolescents (54...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059967/actual-risk-of-using-very-aged-donors-for-unselected-liver-transplant-candidates-a-european-single-center-experience-in-the-meld-era
#7
Valentina Rosa Bertuzzo, Matteo Cescon, Federica Odaldi, Marco Di Laudo, Alessandro Cucchetti, Matteo Ravaioli, Massimo Del Gaudio, Giorgio Ercolani, Antonietta D'Errico, Antonio Daniele Pinna
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the whole experience of liver transplantation (LT) with donors ≥70 years in a single center not applying specific donor/recipient matching criteria. BACKGROUND: LT with very old donors has historically been associated with poorer outcomes. With the increasing average donor age and the advent of Model for End-stage Liver Diseases (MELD) score-based allocation criteria, an optimal donor/recipient matching is often unsuitable. METHODS: Outcomes of all types of LTs were compared according to 4 study groups: patients transplanted between 1998 and 2003 with donors <70 (group 1, n = 396) or ≥70 years (group 2, n = 88); patients transplanted between 2004 and 2010 with donors <70 (group 3, n = 409), or ≥70 years (group 4, n = 190)...
February 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050234/how-to-assess-the-efficacy-or-failure-of-targeted-therapy-deciding-when-to-stop-sorafenib-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
REVIEW
Jean-Luc Raoul, Xavier Adhoute, Marine Gilabert, Julien Edeline
Sorafenib is thus far the only systemic treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) based on the results of two randomized controlled trials performed in Western and in Eastern countries, despite a poor response rate (from 2% to 3.3%) following conventional evaluation criteria. It is now recognized that the criteria (European Association of the Study of the Liver criteria, modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumors) based on contrast enhanced techniques (computed tomography scan, magnetic resonance imaging) aimed to assess the evolution of the viable part of the tumor (hypervascularized on arterial phase) are of major interest to determine the efficacy of sorafenib and of most antiangiogenic drugs in patients with HCC...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049508/complete-necrosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-preoperative-portal-vein-embolization-a-case-report
#9
H El Bacha, M Salihoun, N Kabbaj, A Benkabbou
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma has a poor prognosis; few patients can undergo surgical curative treatment according to Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer guidelines. Progress in surgical techniques has led to operations for more patients outside these guidelines. Our case shows a patient with intermediate stage hepatocellular carcinoma presenting a good outcome after curative treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of an 80-year-old Moroccan man, who was positive for hepatitis c virus, presenting an intermediate stage hepatocellular carcinoma (three lesions between 20 and 60 mm)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043905/association-of-liver-injury-from-specific-drugs-or-groups-of-drugs-with-polymorphisms-in-hla-and-other-genes-in-a-genome-wide-association-study
#10
Paola Nicoletti, Guruprasad P Aithal, Einar S Bjornsson, Raul J Andrade, Ashley Sawle, Marco Arrese, Huiman X Barnhart, Emmanuelle Bondon-Guitton, Paul H Hayashi, Fernando Bessone, Alfonso Carvajal, Ingolf Cascorbi, Elizabeth T Cirulli, Naga Chalasani, Anita Conforti, Sally A Coulthard, Mark J Daly, Christopher P Day, John F Dillon, Robert J Fontana, Jane I Grove, Pär Hallberg, Nelia Hernández, Luisa Ibáñez, Gerd A Kullak-Ublick, Tarja Laitinen, Dominique Larrey, M Isabel Lucena, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee, Jennifer H Martin, Mariam Molokhia, Munir Pirmohamed, Elizabeth E Powell, Shengying Qin, Jose Serrano, Camilla Stephens, Andrew Stolz, Mia Wadelius, Paul B Watkins, Aris Floratos, Yufeng Shen, Matthew R Nelson, Thomas J Urban, Ann K Daly
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify genetic risk factors for drug-induced liver injury (DILI) from licensed drugs without previously reported genetic risk factors. METHODS: We performed a GWAS of 862 persons with DILI and 10588 population-matched controls. The first set of cases was recruited prior to May 2009 in Europe (n=137) or the USA (n=274). The second set of cases were identified from May 2009 through May 2013 from international collaborative studies performed in Europe, the USA and South America...
December 30, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030943/is-there-a-rationale-for-aggressive-breast-cancer-liver-metastases-resections-in-polish-female-patients-analysis-of-overall-survival-following-hepatic-resection-at-a-single-centre-in-poland
#11
Eliza Kobryń, Konrad Kobryń, Tadeusz Wróblewski, Krzysztof Kobryń, Radosław Pietrzak, Paweł Rykowski, Bogna Ziarkiewicz-Wróblewska, Krzysztof Lamparski, Krzysztof Zieniewicz, Waldemar Patkowski, Marek Krawczyk, Rafał Paluszkiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer (BC) makes up nearly 26% of malignant tumours worldwide and is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in European women. With approximately 18,000 new cases of BC diagnosed in Polish women annually, breast cancer liver metastasis (BCLM) is respectively an increasing issue. Recent data found in literature indicates improved survival following liver resection with systemic therapy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of study was to evaluate surgical treatment in patients with isolated BCLM...
23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025733/antibiotic-induced-liver-injury-in-paediatric-outpatients-a-case-control-study-in-primary-care-databases
#12
Carmen Ferrajolo, Katia M C Verhamme, Gianluca Trifirò, Geert W 't Jong, Gino Picelli, Carlo Giaquinto, Giampiero Mazzaglia, Bruno H Stricker, Francesco Rossi, Annalisa Capuano, Miriam C J M Sturkenboom
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotics are the most commonly prescribed drug class in children. Real-world data mining on the paediatric population showed potential associations between antibiotic use and acute liver injury. OBJECTIVE: We assessed risk estimates of liver injury associated with antibiotic use in children and adolescent outpatients. METHODS: A large, multi-database, population-based, case-control study was performed in people <18 years of age from two European countries (Italy and The Netherlands) during the period 2000-2008...
December 26, 2016: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012997/infectious-hematopoietic-necrosis-virus-ihnv-outbreak-in-farmed-rainbow-trout-in-iran-viral-isolation-pathological-findings-molecular-confirmation-and-genetic-analysis
#13
Sohrab Ahmadivand, Mehdi Soltani, Karim Mardani, Sara Shokrpoor, Reza Hassanzadeh, Mehran Ahmadpoor, Hooman Rahmati-Holasoo, Saeid Meshkini
Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) is the etiological agent of a contagious disease (IHN) mainly in salmonid fish. In the present study, we isolated and identified IHNV in trout fry from Iranian trout farms with unexplained high mortality in 2016. The affected fry showed cumulative mortality of 90% with the gross pathological signs including exophthalmia and hemorrhage of the eye, skin darkening, abdominal distension, ulceration of the snout, and the visceral pallor and yellowish fluid in the intestine...
February 2, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008344/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-in-a-single-center-from-argentina
#14
Cristian Dominguez, Eugenia Romero, Jorgelina Graciano, Jose Luis Fernandez, Luis Viola
AIM: To study the prevalence, characteristics, risk factors and mortality at 28 d of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). METHODS: A total of 100 cirrhotic patients admitted to our hospital for more than one day were included during the period between June 2013 and December 2015. We used the European Association for the Study of the Liver-Chronic Liver Failure-Consortium diagnostic criteria for ACLF, considering it as the acute decompensation of cirrhosis associated with the presence of one or more organ failure...
December 8, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005606/trends-in-net-survival-from-liver-cancer-in-six-european-latin-countries-results-from-the-sudcan-population-based-study
#15
Stefano Ferretti, Nadine Bossard, Florence Binder-Fouchard, Jean Faivre, Andrea Bordoni, Patrizia Biavati, Antonio Frassoldati
Liver cancer represents a major clinical challenge. The aim of the SUDCAN collaborative study was to compare the net survival from liver cancer between six European Latin countries (Belgium, France, Italy, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland) and provide trends in net survival and dynamics of excess mortality rates (EMRs) up to 5 years after diagnosis. The data were extracted from the EUROCARE-5 database. First, net survival was studied over the period 2000-2004 using the Pohar-Perme estimator. For trend analyses, the study period was specific to each country...
January 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993073/occurrence-of-triclocarban-and-triclosan-in-an-agro-ecosystem-following-application-of-biosolids
#16
Jessica J Sherburne, Amanda M Anaya, Kim J Fernie, Jennifer S Forbey, Edward T Furlong, Dana W Kolpin, Alfred M Dufty, Chad A Kinney
Triclocarban (TCC) and triclosan (TCS), two of the most commonly used antimicrobial compounds, can be introduced into ecosystems by applying wastewater treatment plant biosolids to agricultural fields. Concentrations of TCC and TCS were measured in different trophic levels within a terrestrial food web encompassing land-applied biosolids, soil, earthworms (Lumbricus), deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus), and eggs of European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) and American kestrels (Falco sparverius) at an experimental site amended with biosolids for the previous 7 years...
December 20, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986831/non-suppressed-glucagon-after-glucose-challenge-as-a-potential-predictor-for-glucose-tolerance
#17
Róbert Wagner, Liisa H Hakaste, Emma Ahlqvist, Martin Heni, Jürgen Machann, Fritz Schick, Emmanuel Van Obberghen, Norbert Stefan, Baptist Gallwitz, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Leif Groop, Andreas Fritsche
Glucagon levels are classically suppressed after glucose challenge. It is still not clear as to whether a lack of suppression contributes to hyperglycemia and thus to the development of diabetes. We investigated the association of post-challenge change in glucagon in three large cohorts of non-diabetic subjects undergoing oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs), hypothesizing that higher post-challenge glucagon levels are observed in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).Glucagon levels were measured during OGTT in a total of 4194 non-diabetic individuals in three large European cohorts...
December 16, 2016: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974812/association-of-a-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-upstream-of-icos-with-japanese-autoimmune-hepatitis-type-1
#18
Takashi Higuchi, Shomi Oka, Hiroshi Furukawa, Minoru Nakamura, Atsumasa Komori, Seigo Abiru, Shinya Nagaoka, Satoru Hashimoto, Atsushi Naganuma, Noriaki Naeshiro, Kaname Yoshizawa, Masaaki Shimada, Hideo Nishimura, Minoru Tomizawa, Masahiro Kikuchi, Fujio Makita, Haruhiro Yamashita, Keisuke Ario, Hiroshi Yatsuhashi, Shigeto Tohma, Aya Kawasaki, Hiromasa Ohira, Naoyuki Tsuchiya, Kiyoshi Migita
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is an uncommon chronic autoimmune liver disease. Several studies reported the association of polymorphisms between CD28, CTLA4 and ICOS gene cluster in 2q33.2 with autoimmune or inflammatory diseases. The previous genome-wide association study on type 1 AIH in a European population has reported a risk G allele of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs4325730, in this region. Here, we conducted an association study of this SNP with type 1 AIH in a Japanese population, as a replication study...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955711/hcv-co-infection-and-markers-of-liver-injury-and-fibrosis-among-hiv-positive-childbearing-women-in-ukraine-results-from-a-cohort-study
#19
Heather Bailey, Nataliya Nizova, Violeta Martsynovska, Alla Volokha, Ruslan Malyuta, Mario Cortina-Borja, Claire Thorne
BACKGROUND: Ukraine's injecting drug use-driven HIV epidemic is among the most severe in Europe with high burden of HCV co-infection. HIV/HCV co-infected individuals are at elevated risk of HCV-related morbidity, but little is known about burden of liver disease and associated factors in the HIV-positive population in Ukraine, particularly among women. METHODS: Characteristics of 2050 HIV-positive women enrolled into the Ukrainian Study of HIV-infected Childbearing Women were described by HCV serostatus...
December 12, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936036/the-rs3957357c-t-snp-in-gsta1-is-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-occurrence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-european-individuals
#20
Hanane Akhdar, Said El Shamieh, Orlando Musso, Romain Désert, Wissam Joumaa, Dominique Guyader, Caroline Aninat, Anne Corlu, Fabrice Morel
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) detoxify toxic molecules by conjugation with reduced glutathione and regulate cell signaling. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of GST genes have been suggested to affect GST functions and thus to increase the risk of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). As GSTA1 is expressed in hepatocytes and the rs3957357C>T (TT) SNP is known to downregulate GSTA1 mRNA expression, the aims of this study were: (i) to explore the relationship between the TT SNP in GSTA1 and the occurrence of HCC; (ii) to measure GSTA1 mRNA expression in HCCs...
2016: PloS One
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