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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785564/helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-pediatric-patients-update-on-diagnosis-and-eradication-strategies
#1
REVIEW
Kallirroi Kotilea, Nicolas Kalach, Matjaž Homan, Patrick Bontems
Helicobacter pylori infection is acquired mainly in childhood and remains an essential cause of peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer. This article provides commentary on the last ESPGHAN/NASPGHAN guidelines and on publications made after the consensus conference of 2015. The majority of infected children are asymptomatic and pediatric studies do not support a role for H. pylori in functional disorders such as recurrent abdominal pain. The role of H. pylori infection in failure to thrive, children's growth, type I diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and celiac disease remains controversial...
May 22, 2018: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746344/nutritional-considerations-in-pediatric-pancreatitis-a-position-paper-from-the-naspghan-pancreas-committee-espghan-pancreas-working-group
#2
Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Aliye Uc, Steven L Werlin, A Jay Freeman, Miglena Georgieva, Danijela Jojkić - Pavkov, Daina Kalnins, Brigitte Kochavi, Bart G P Koot, Stephanie Van Biervliet, Jaroslaw Walkowiak, Michael Wilschanski, Veronique D Morinville
OBJECTIVES: Wide variations exist in how physicians manage the nutritional aspects of children affected by acute pancreatitis (AP), acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) and chronic (CP) pancreatitis. Better consensus for optimal management is needed. METHODS: This consensus statement on nutrition in pediatric pancreatic diseases was developed through a joint ESPGHAN-NASPGHAN working group that performed an evidence-based search of the literature on nutrition in AP, ARP, and CP with a focus on pediatrics...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724467/combined-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-and-ph-monitoring-is-helpful-in-managing-children-with-suspected-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-disease
#3
Paolo Rossi, Sara Isoldi, Saverio Mallardo, Paola Papoff, Danilo Rossetti, Anna Dilillo, Salvatore Oliva
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal reflux is very common in the paediatric age group. There is no single and reliable test to distinguish between physiologic and pathological gastro-oesophageal reflux, and this lack of clear distinction between disease and normal can have a negative impact on the management of children. AIMS: To evaluate the usefulness of 24-h oesophageal pH-impedance study in infants and children with suspected gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. METHODS: Patients were classified by age groups (A-C) and reflux-related symptoms (typical and atypical)...
April 5, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689751/effect-of-standardized-feeding-protocol-on-nutrient-supply-and-postnatal-growth-of-preterm-infants-a-prospective-study
#4
Z Khan, N Morris, H Unterrainer, N Haiden, S J Holasek, B Urlesberger
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a medical emergency and it is becoming evident that adequate nutrition starting in the first hours of life is of major importance for short and even more so for long-term health outcomes of the premature newborn. The aim was to analyze postnatal nutrient supply and growth patterns of preterm infants in response to a standardized feeding protocol during stay at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted at NICU, Children Hospital Graz...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596190/chapter-9-words-from-partner-societies
#5
Barbara Golden, Tom Stiris, Julián Panés, Leyla Namazova-Baranova, André Van Gossum, Heiner Boeing, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Armando Madrazo, James E Heubi, Nezha Mouane, Paul Fockens, Berthold Koletzko
On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN), its close partner associations submitted comments and felicitations which are presented here. These include words from the Latin American (LASPGHAN), North American (NASPGHAN) and Panarabian Societies (PASPGHAN) and the Commonwealth Association (CAPGHAN) of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, the Federation of International Societies of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN), the European Academy of Pediatrics (EAP), the European Pediatric Association/Union of National Pediatric Societies (EPA-UNEPSA), the International Pediatric Association (IPA), the European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation (ECCO), European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) , the Federation of European Nutrition Societies (FENS), and United European Gastroenterology (UEG)...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596189/chapter-8-50-years-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-espghan-captivating-witness-reports-of-a-success-story
#6
Salvatore Auricchio, Samy Cadranel, Stefano Guandalini, Deirdre Kelly, Berthold Koletzko, Michael J Lentze, Alexander S McNeish, Peter J Milla, Jean Rey, Jacques Schmitz, Raanan Shamir, Birgitta Strandvik, Riccardo Troncone, Jarmo Visakorpi
Since the conception of an idea of a few paediatric gastroenterologists in Europe to create a society for Paediatric Gastroenterology in 1967, and its foundation in 1968, half a century has passed. The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) now celebrates its 50th anniversary and its utmost success in combining clinical and scientific expertise in the fields of paediatric gastroenterology, haepatology, and nutrition. To describe this success story 14 of the still living presidents of ESPGHAN recount their impressions of the steady growth of ESPGHAN with all the historical facets from their own points of view...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596188/chapter-7-the-contributions-of-the-espghan-committees-on-nutrition-to-paediatric-nutrition
#7
Olle Hernell, Peter Aggett, Mary Fewtrell, Berthold Koletzko, Jean Rey
The first Committee on Nutrition (CoN) was founded in 1974. Two years later nutrition (N) was added to the society's name, which then became ESPGAN. The Committee systematised compositional and quality criteria for breast milk substitutes and food for special medical purposes, the first of many examples on how recommendations and comments published by the Committees on Nutrition (CsoN) were adopted by the European Economic Community, later the European Union and also influenced the World Health Organization/Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Codex standards...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596187/chapter-6-6-the-role-of-espghan-in-developing-effective-immunosuppression-following-paediatric-liver-transplantation
#8
Deirdre Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596184/chapter-6-3-studies-on-hepatic-metabolic-disorders-driven-by-espghan-members-the-case-of-alpha1-antitrypsin-deficiency-cystic-fibrosis-and-urea-cycle-defects
#9
Giulia Paolella, Giovanna Alfano, Pietro Vajro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596183/chapter-6-2-immune-function-related-liver-disease-and-espghan-s-contribution-to-the-advancement-of-science-in-the-last-3-decades
#10
Anil Dhawan, Giorgina Mieli-Vergani, Diego Vergani, Nedim Hadzic, Giuseppe Maggiore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596182/chapter-6-1-pediatric-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-c-30-years-of-espghan-clinical-research-and-recommendations
#11
Etienne M Sokal, Pilar Nannini
The expression of hepatitis B and C virus infections in children differs from that in adults and requires specific paediatric expertise. The European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) has been a pioneer in this field, having stressed the need for straightforward recommendations since the mid-1980s. Following much observation, surveillance, and research, a panel of ESPGHAN experts was able to develop such recommendations on hepatitis B infection in children in 2009, which was then followed in June 2013 by proper guidelines...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596181/chapter-6-0-history-of-paediatric-hepatology-in-espghan
#12
Martin Burdelski
Hepatology played an important role in ESPGAN from the beginning. In 1989, the Hepatology Committee was started. In the early 1990s H for hepatology was included in ESPGHAN. Hepatology Summer schools were held from 1995 and later monothematic conferences met the needs of many young ESPGHAN members. The role of ESPGHAN members in the progress of diagnostic and therapeutic measures in hepatitis B and C will be elucidated (Chapter 6.1) as well as the role of other ESPGHAN members in the understanding of immunological hepatic disorders of childhood (Chapter 6...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596180/chapter-6-espghan-s-contributions-to-paediatric-hepatology
#13
Martin Burdelski, Etienne Sokal, Pilar Nannini, Anil Dhawan, Giorgina Mieli-Vergani, Diego Vergani, Nedim Hadzic, Giussepe Maggiore, Pietro Vajro, Giulia Paolella, Giovanna Alfano, Roderick Houwen, Deirdre Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596179/chapter-5-4-2-espghan-made-the-gastrointestinal-microbiota-grow
#14
Yvan Vandenplas, Hania Szajewska, Alfredo Guarino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596175/chapter-5-3-1-espghan-history-of-gastrointestinal-paediatric-endoscopy
#15
Samy Cadranel, Jean-François Mougenot, Mike Thomson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596169/chapter-5-1-3-forty-years-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-espghan
#16
Samy Cadranel, Giuseppina Oderda, Sibylle Koletzko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596164/chapter-4-the-relationship-between-the-european-and-north-american-societies-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#17
Carlos H Lifschitz, Jon Vanderhoof, Harland Winter, Stefano Guandalini, William Klish, Richard Grand, Allan Walker, Jay Perman
This chapter is based on the memories of those who shaped the relationship between the European and the North American Societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. The first joint meeting of the 2 Societies took place in Paris in 1978, followed by 1 in New York in 1985, 1 in Amsterdam in 1990, 1 in Houston in 1994, and the last one in Toulouse in 1998. The formation of the Federation of the International Societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) preceded the First World Congress of all Societies, which took place in Boston in 2000...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596162/chapter-2-espghan-50-years-memories-the-early-years
#18
Michael J Lentze, Salvatore Auricchio, Samy Cadranel, Peter J Milla, Deirdre Kelly, Alexander S McNeish, Jean Rey, Jacques Schmitz, Birgitta Strandvik, Jan Taminiau, Jarmo Visakorpi
Thirty-six founding members from Europe were present in 1968, when the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology (ESGA) had its first meeting in Paris. The aim was to create a forum for presentations and discussions of research activities in paediatric gastroenterology in Europe. At the second meeting of ESGA 1969 in Interlaken, an important landmark was set for all gastroenterologists in the world. In this conference, the first ever criteria for "the Diagnosis of Coeliac Disease" (CD) were established...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596161/chapter-1-the-historical-roots-of-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#19
Lawrence T Weaver
The last 50 years have seen the establishment of paediatric gastroenterology, hepatology, and nutrition (PGHAN) as a well-recognised and thriving clinical specialty throughout most of Europe, and further afield. This has happened, in part, through the existence of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) as a forum for those interested in this branch of children's medicine. To illustrate the pan-European roots of PGHAN, some key scientific and medical events, discoveries, and inventions relevant to 3 common clinical problems-diarrhoea, jaundice, and infant-feeding-have been chosen to survey the historical development of the ways in which each was understood and treated within the changing thinking and practice of past times...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588985/ketogenic-parenteral-nutrition-in-17-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#20
Anastasia Dressler, Nadja Haiden, Petra Trimmel-Schwahofer, Franz Benninger, Sharon Samueli, Gudrun Gröppel, Sina Spatzierer, Angelika Mühlebner, Klaus Abraham, Martha Feucht
Objective: Ketogenic parenteral nutrition (kPN) is indicated when enteral intake is temporarily limited or impossible, but evidence-based prescriptions are lacking. Objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of kPN in children with epileptic encephalopathies using a new computer-based algorithm for accurate component calculating. Methods: Children with epilepsy receiving kPN were included. A computer-based algorithm was established on the basis of guidelines of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN): fat intake not exceeding 4 g/kg/day, age-adequate supply of protein, electrolytes, vitamins, and trace elements, but reduced carbohydrates...
March 2018: Epilepsia open
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