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C G Reichart, W A Nolen, M Wals, M H Hillegers
The appearance, the differential diagnosis and the prevalence of bipolar disorder in children and adolescents is discussed. Among adolescents bipolar disorder appears to have a similar prevalence in the US and The Netherlands. However, among children it is frequently diagnosed in the US and hardly in The Netherlands. It is concluded that bipolar disorder tends to start earlier in the US than in the Netherlands. It is hypothesized that this may be related to a higher use of stimulants and antidepressants by US children diagnosed as ADHD or depression, respectively...
September 2000: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Oliver R L Farley, Josh L Secomb, Joanna R Parsonage, Lina E Lundgren, Chris R Abbiss, Jeremy M Sheppard
Farley, ORL, Secomb, JL, Parsonage, JR, Lundgren, LE, Abbiss, CR, and Sheppard, JM. Five weeks of sprint and high-intensity interval training improves paddling performance in adolescent surfers. J Strength Cond Res 30(9): 2446-2452, 2016-The purpose of our study was to examine the effects of sprint interval training (SIT; 10 seconds) and high-intensity interval training (HIT; 30 seconds) on surfing athletes paddling performance (400-m time trial and repeat-sprint paddle performance). Twenty-four competitive adolescent surfers (19 male, 5 female; age = 14...
September 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Feng Du, Su-Sheng Shi, Yong-Kun Sun, Jin-Wan Wang, Yihebali Chi
BACKGROUND: Colorectal adenocarcinoma rarely occurred in adolescent. Clinical feature and prognosis of this population are not clear until now. In addition, DNA mismatch repair (MMR) status may relate to the early disease occurrence. The present study aimed to perform a retrospective analysis of adolescent patients with colorectal cancer, including clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis. METHODS: The medical records of 11,503 patients diagnosed as colorectal cancer in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1999 to December 2009 were retrospectively reviewed...
December 5, 2015: Chinese Medical Journal
Lih-Mei Liao
This commentary is an exploration of emotion by a therapist. It focuses on how emotion is managed in the stories of growing up and living with atypical sex anatomies--how (much) is emotion (not) discussed, and what are the effects of forestalling emotive dialogue. Emotion care in the narratives is often sidelined in favor of medical doings. Rather than creating a haven to keep normative pressures at bay, so as to enable the affected parents, adolecents and adults to process their situations, some of the storytellers reveal how medicine has concentrated its efforts on the erasure and silencing of their bodily differences...
2015: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Ida Margrethe Bach Oester, Julie Tonsgaard Kloppenborg, Birthe Susanne Olsen, Jesper Johannesen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The global increase in childhood obesity has in some countries been followed by an increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); however, the prevalence of T2DM among Danish children and adolescents is currently unknown. The aims of this cross-sectional study were to determine the prevalence of T2DM in children and adolescents in Denmark together with status on treatment, metabolic control, and late diabetic complications. METHODS: Individuals were identified in the Danish Registry for Diabetes in Children and Adolescents (DanDiabKids), and clinical information regarding these was obtained from the respective pediatric departments...
August 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
Elisabeth Hansen, Erik Sund, Margunn Skjei Knudtsen, Steinar Krokstad, Turid Lingaas Holmen
BACKGROUND: Leisure time activities and culture participation may have health effects and be important in pulic health promotion. More knowledge on how cultural activity participation may influence self-perceived health, life-satisfaction, self-esteem and mental health is needed. METHODS: This article use data from the general population-based Norwegian HUNT Study, using the cross-sectional Young-HUNT3 (2006-08) Survey including 8200 adolescents. Data on cultural activity participation, self-perceived health, life-satisfaction, self-esteem, anxiety and depression were collected by self-reported questionnaires...
2015: BMC Public Health
E Greimel, M Trinkl, J Bartling, S Bakos, N Grossheinrich, G Schulte-Körne
BACKGROUND: Major depression (MD) is associated with deficits in selective attention. Previous studies in adults with MD using event-related potentials (ERPs) reported abnormalities in the neurophysiological correlates of auditory selective attention. However, it is yet unclear whether these findings can be generalized to MD in adolescence. Thus, the aim of the present ERP study was to explore the neural mechanisms of auditory selective attention in adolescents with MD. METHODS: 24 male and female unmedicated adolescents with MD and 21 control subjects were included in the study...
February 1, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
Karen E Forward, Jamie A Seabrook, Tim Lynch, Rodrick Lim, Naveen Poonai, Gurinder S Sangha
BACKGROUND: Hockey is played by youth across Canada, and its popularity has increased dramatically among females in the past decade. Despite this, there has been little epidemiological research comparing the injury patterns of young female and male hockey players. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare injuries sustained by female and male youth hockey players using the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program database. METHODS: In the present cross-sectional, retrospective comparison study, the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program database was used to identify all hockey-related injuries sustained by children seven to 17...
October 2014: Paediatrics & Child Health
Amanda Oliva Gobato, Ana Carolina J Vasques, Roberto Massao Yamada, Mariana Porto Zambon, Antonio de Azevedo Barros-Filho, Gabriel Hessel
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of hepatic steatosis and to assess the performance of biochemical, anthropometric and body composition indicators for hepatic steatosis in obese teenagers. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 79 adolecents aged from ten to 18 years old. Hepatic steatosis was diagnosed by abdominal ultrasound in case of moderate or intense hepatorenal contrast and/or a difference in the histogram ≥7 on the right kidney cortex. The insulin resistance was determined by the Homeostasis Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) index for values >3...
June 2014: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Marina Gabriella Pereira de Andrada Magalhaes, Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenorio de Oliveira, Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on studies that estimated the prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP) or systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) in Brazilian adolescents, considering the employed methodological procedures. METHODS: Bibliographical research of prevalence studies of HBP/SAH in adolescents from 1995 to 2010. The search was conducted in the electronic databases PubMed/Medline, Lilacs, SciELO, and Isi Adolec. The descriptors "hypertension", "BP", "teen", "students", "cross-sectional", "prevalence" and "Brazil" were used in Portuguese and English...
December 2013: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Gerfeson Mendonça, Luanna Alexandra Cheng, Edilânea Nunes Mélo, José Cazuza de Farias Júnior
The objective of this review was to systematically synthesize the results of original studies on the association between physical activity and social support in adolescents, published until April 2011. Searches were carried out in Adolec, Eric, Lilacs, Medline, SciELO, Scopus, SportsDiscus and Web of Science electronic databases and the reference lists of selected articles. Searches for articles, data extraction and assessment of methodological quality were conducted independently by two reviewers. In total, 75 articles met inclusion criteria and were analyzed...
October 2014: Health Education Research
Daniela Doulavince Amador, Isabelle Pimentel Gomes, Altamira Pereira da Silva Reichert, Neusa Collet
This is an integrative review that aimed to identify the repercussions of childhood cancer for the family caregiver. The research was done in the databases LILACS, PubMed, SciELO, Adolec and Cochrane, searching articles in English, Portuguese and Spanish; published between 2005 and 2010; using the descriptors: caregivers, children, cancer and nursing. Eighteen articles was found. Through the analysis four themes were identified: feelings experienced by family caregivers; physical repercussions and psychological distress of family caregivers; financial impact of childhood cancer in the caregiver's life, and need for social support to family caregivers...
March 2013: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
U Göbel, D Körholz, T Bernig, T Niehues, T Klingebiel, A Eggert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2012: Klinische Pädiatrie
Eliene da Silva Araújo, Fernanda Zucki, Lilian Cássia Bórnia Jacob Corteletti, Andrea Cintra Lopes, Mariza Ribeiro Feniman, Kátia de Freitas Alvarenga
PURPOSE: To investigate the occurrence of hearing loss in individuals with HIV/AIDS and their characterization regarding type and degree. RESEARCH STRATEGY: It was conducted a systematic review of the literature found on the electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE, ADOLEC, IBECS, Web of Science, Scopus, Lilacs and SciELO. SELECTION CRITERIA: The search strategy was directed by a specific question: "Is hearing loss part of the framework of HIV/AIDS manifestations?", and the selection criteria of the studies involved coherence with the proposed theme, evidence levels 1, 2 or 3, and language (Portuguese, English and Spanish)...
2012: Jornal da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia
Caroline Alves de Oliveira, Fábio Bastos Russomano, Saint Clair dos Santos Gomes Júnior, Flávia de Miranda Corrêa
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Even if precursor lesions of cervical cancer are properly treated, there is a risk of persistence or recurrence. The aim here was to quantify the risks of persistence of high-grade intraepithelial squamous lesions, one and two years after cervical electrosurgical excisional treatment with positive margins. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis at Instituto Fernandes Figueira. METHODS: This meta-analysis was on studies published between January 1989 and July 2009 that were identified in Medline, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane, SciELO, Lilacs, Adolec, Medcarib, Paho, Wholis, Popline, ISI Web of Science and Sigle...
2012: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
R Sircar, L-C Wu, K Reddy, D Sircar, A K Basak
We have earlier reported that γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) disrupts the acquisition of spatial learning and memory in adolescent rats. GHB is known to interact with several neurotransmitter systems that have been implicated in cognitive functioning. The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NR) -type of glutamate receptor is considered to be an important target for spatial learning and memory. Molecular mechanisms governing the neuroadptations following repeated GHB treatment in adolecent rats remain unknown. We examined the role of NMDA receptor in adolescent GHB-induced cognitive deficit...
March 2011: Current Neuropharmacology
Thailly Faria da Costa, Maria Filomena Ceolim
Pediatric palliative care is a challenge for nursing because it requires emotional balance and knowledge about its specific features. This study is an integrative literature review that aims to identify nursing actions in palliative care for children and adolescents with cancer, considering peculiarities of the disease and dying process. The review was performed by searching for articles indexed in Biblioteca Virtual da Adolescência (Adolec), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) and PubMed databases from January 2004 till May 2009...
December 2010: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Melina Mafra Toledo, Renata Ferreira Takahashi, Mónica Cecilia De-La-Torre-Ugarte-Guanilo
Adolescence is characterized by experimentation and discovery, the development of autonomy and close search of sexuality. The objective of this study was to identify the scientific evidences of literature on the elements of the individual dimension of adolescents' vulnerability of to the HIV/AIDS. Through the integrative review, in electronic data bases (Cinahl PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, Adolec, Dedalus, Digital Library of Brazilian of Teses and Dissertações (BDTD) and Portal of Thesis of University of São Paulo), works published between 1996 and 2006 were tracked...
March 2011: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
F Schneble, T Pöhlmann, H Segerer, M Melter
PURPOSE: Scrotal ultrasound, color Doppler and spectral Doppler analysis of intratesticular arteries are the most common and important examinations in boys with scrotal pain. In the existing literature information concerning feasibility and reference values of color Doppler and spectral Doppler in small testes is inconsistent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study 102 boys from 2 days to 16 years old without present or anamnestic scrotal disease were examined in a standardized manner...
December 2011: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Nanet M Lopez-Cordova, Wanda I Figueroa-Cosme, José A Capriles
BACKGROUND: Women with HIV positive status are considered a hard to reach population by many. We discuss the experiences of a research team while conducting the recruiting process with both Hispanic Puerto Rican HIV positive and HIV negative populations. OBJECTIVE: To provide strategies and recommendations for conducting research interventions with HIV+ and HIV- women. METHODS: This study explored the communication skills between HIV+ and HIV-mothers and their adolescent daughters regarding disclosure of their status, and the discussion, or lack of, on topics related to sexuality and prevention of HIV/AIDS...
2010: Ethnicity & Disease
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