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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904741/complete-genome-of-arthrobacter-alpinus-strain-r3-8-bioremediation-potential-unraveled-with-genomic-analysis
#1
Wah-Seng See-Too, Robson Ee, Yan-Lue Lim, Peter Convey, David A Pearce, Taznim Begam Mohd Mohidin, Wai-Fong Yin, Kok Gan Chan
Arthrobacter alpinus R3.8 is a psychrotolerant bacterial strain isolated from a soil sample obtained at Rothera Point, Adelaide Island, close to the Antarctic Peninsula. Strain R3.8 was sequenced in order to help discover potential cold active enzymes with biotechnological applications. Genome analysis identified various cold adaptation genes including some coding for anti-freeze proteins and cold-shock proteins, genes involved in bioremediation of xenobiotic compounds including naphthalene, and genes with chitinolytic and N-acetylglucosamine utilization properties and also plant-growth-influencing properties...
2017: Standards in Genomic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903448/positive-expression-of-y-box-binding-protein-1-and-prognosis-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Liang Jiang, Gao-Le Yuan, Qi-Lian Liang, Hui-Jie Zhang, Jie Huang, Shao-Ang Cheng, Xiao-Xia Peng
BACKGROUND: Y-box binding protein 1 (YB-1) belongs to the cold shock domain protein family involved in transcription and translation. We conducted a meta-analysis of the association between YB-1 expression and the survival and clinicopathological features in NSCLC. METHODS: PubMed and Embase were searched to identify studies that evaluated the YB-1 expression (by immunohistochemistry) and overall survival (OS) in NSCLC. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of OS were pooled...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882792/hypothermal-stress-induced-differential-expression-profiles-of-the-immune-response-gene-warm-temperature-acclimation-associated-65-kda-protein-wap65-in-the-liver-of-fresh-water-and-seawater-milkfish-chanos-chanos
#3
Chia-Hao Chang, Jing-Yun Lin, Wan-Yu Lo, Tsung-Han Lee
The milkfish (Chanos chanos), an important aquaculture species, is intolerant to cold environments. Temperature fluctuations in the environment affect the physiological response, behavior, and survival rate of the fish. The warm-temperature-acclimation associated 65-kDa protein (Wap65) of teleosts was identified after heat shock treatment and has two isoforms. Both the isoforms were involved in the induction of immune responses in fish. They showed high degree of sequence conservation with the mammalian hemopexin and had high affinity for heme, which helped in the neutralization of free-heme and its transport to the liver...
September 4, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878753/conserved-tram-domain-functions-as-an-archaeal-cold-shock-protein-via-rna-chaperone-activity
#4
Bo Zhang, Lei Yue, Liguang Zhou, Lei Qi, Jie Li, Xiuzhu Dong
Cold shock proteins (Csps) enable organisms to acclimate to and survive in cold environments and the bacterial CspA family exerts the cold protection via its RNA chaperone activity. However, most Archaea do not contain orthologs to the bacterial csp. TRAM, a conserved domain among RNA modification proteins ubiquitously distributed in organisms, occurs as an individual protein in most archaeal phyla and has a structural similarity to Csp proteins, yet its biological functions remain unknown. Through physiological and biochemical studies on four TRAM proteins from a cold adaptive archaeon Methanolobus psychrophilus R15, this work demonstrated that TRAM is an archaeal Csp and exhibits RNA chaperone activity...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873295/combination-of-functional-nanoengineering-and-nanosecond-laser-texturing-for-design-of-superhydrophobic-aluminum-alloy-with-exceptional-mechanical-and-chemical-properties
#5
Ludmila B Boinovich, Evgeny B Modin, Adeliya R Sayfutdinova, Kirill A Emelyanenko, Alexander L Vasiliev, Alexandre M Emelyanenko
Industrial application of metallic materials is hindered by several shortcomings, such as proneness to corrosion, erosion under abrasive loads, damage due to poor cold resistance, or weak resistance to thermal shock stresses, etc. In this study, using the aluminum-magnesium alloy as an example of widely spread metallic materials, we show that a combination of functional nanoengineering and nanosecond laser texturing with the appropriate treatment regimes can be successfully used to transform a metal into a superhydrophobic material with exceptional mechanical and chemical properties...
September 7, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861998/comparative-proteomics-enables-identification-of-non-annotated-cold-shock-proteins-in-e-coli
#6
Nadia G D'Lima, Alexandra Khitun, Aaron D Rosenbloom, Peijia Yuan, Brandon M Gassaway, Karl W Barber, Jesse Rinehart, Sarah A Slavoff
Recent advances in mass spectrometry-based proteomics have revealed translation of previously non-annotated microproteins from thousands of small open reading frames (smORFs) in prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes. Facile methods to determine cellular functions of these newly discovered microproteins are now needed. Here we couple semi-quantitative comparative proteomics with whole-genome database searching to identify two non-annotated, homologous cold shock-regulated microproteins in E. coli K12 substr. MG1655, as well as two additional constitutively expressed microproteins...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853127/winging-of-the-scapula-diagnosed-as-parsonage-turner-syndrome-a-case-report
#7
Christine Carroll, Bill Bass
A 24-year-old active duty female Soldier complained of right shoulder burning, stinging, electrical shock-like pain with radiation to the right hand after completing a ruck march. She also complained of swelling and feelings of her cold right hand. Examination showed a deficit in the deltoid, upper trapezius, supraspinatus, and also right winging of the scapula. She also exhibited weakness to right arm, weak right hand grip, and decreased sensation over the dorsal right hand. The right hand was also noticed to be colder to touch than the left one...
July 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840301/does-kinesiotaping-improve-pain-and-functionality-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-lateral-epicondylitis
#8
Leyla Eraslan, Deniz Yuce, Arzu Erbilici, Gul Baltaci
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the short-term effects of kinesiotaping and extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) along with physiotherapy on pain, functionality, and grip strength in patients with newly diagnosed lateral epicondylitis undergoing rehabilitation. METHODS: Forty-five voluntary patients (mean age 48 years) were randomly assigned to three groups. Patients in all groups received physiotherapy consisting of a cold pack and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation five times per week for a total of 15 sessions and a home exercise programme including stretching and eccentric strength exercises...
August 24, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829403/identification-of-reference-and-biomarker-proteins-in-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii-cultured-under-different-stress-conditions
#9
Jianan Shi, Teng Huang, Shuaijie Chai, Yalu Guo, Jian Wei, Shijuan Dou, Liyun Li, Guozhen Liu
Reference proteins and biomarkers are important for the quantitative evaluation of protein abundance. Chlamydomonasreinhardtii was grown under five stress conditions (dark, cold, heat, salt, and glucose supplementation), and the OD750 and total protein contents were evaluated on days 0, 1, 2, 4, and 6 of culture. Antibodies for 20 candidate proteins were generated, and the protein expression patterns were examined by western blotting. Reference protein(s) for each treatment were identified by calculating the Pearson's correlation coefficient (PCC) between target protein abundance and total protein content...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827198/survival-of-cardiac-arrest-patients-on-ski-slopes-a-10-year-analysis-of-the-northern-french-alps-emergency-network
#10
Damien Viglino, Maxime Maignan, Arnaud Michalon, Julien Turk, Sarah K Buse, Marc Blancher, Tom P Aufderheide, Loïc Belle, Dominique Savary, François-Xavier Ageron, Guillaume Debaty
AIM: Intense physical activity, cold and altitude make mountain sports a cause of increased risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The difficulties of pre-hospital management related to this challenging environment could be mitigated by the presence of ski-patrollers in ski areas and use of helicopters for medical rescue. We assess whether this particular situation positively impacts the chain of survival compared to the general population. METHODS: Analysis of prospectively collected data from the cardiac arrest registry of the Northern French Alps Emergency Network (RENAU) from 2004 to 2014...
August 4, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818037/association-of-coral-algal-symbionts-with-a-diverse-viral-community-responsive-to-heat-shock
#11
Jan D Brüwer, Shobhit Agrawal, Yi Jin Liew, Manuel Aranda, Christian R Voolstra
BACKGROUND: Stony corals provide the structural foundation of coral reef ecosystems and are termed holobionts given they engage in symbioses, in particular with photosynthetic dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium. Besides Symbiodinium, corals also engage with bacteria affecting metabolism, immunity, and resilience of the coral holobiont, but the role of associated viruses is largely unknown. In this regard, the increase of studies using RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) to assess gene expression provides an opportunity to elucidate viral signatures encompassed within the data via careful delineation of sequence reads and their source of origin...
August 17, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813416/large-turbulent-reservoirs-of-cold-molecular-gas-around-high-redshift-starburst-galaxies
#12
E Falgarone, M A Zwaan, B Godard, E Bergin, R J Ivison, P M Andreani, F Bournaud, R S Bussmann, D Elbaz, A Omont, I Oteo, F Walter
Starburst galaxies at the peak of cosmic star formation are among the most extreme star-forming engines in the Universe, producing stars over about 100 million years (ref. 2). The star-formation rates of these galaxies, which exceed 100 solar masses per year, require large reservoirs of cold molecular gas to be delivered to their cores, despite strong feedback from stars or active galactic nuclei. Consequently, starburst galaxies are ideal for studying the interplay between this feedback and the growth of a galaxy...
August 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807609/cspb-of-an-arctic-bacterium-polaribacter-irgensii-kopri-22228-confers-extraordinary-freeze-tolerance
#13
Youn Hong Jung, Yoo Kyung Lee, Hong Kum Lee, Kyunghee Lee, Hana Im
Freezing temperatures are a major challenge for life at the poles. Decreased membrane fluidity, uninvited secondary structure formation in nucleic acids, and protein cold-denaturation all occur at cold temperatures. Organisms adapted to polar regions possess distinct mechanisms that enable them to survive in extremely cold environments. Among the cold-induced proteins, cold shock protein (Csp) family proteins are the most prominent. A gene coding for a Csp-family protein, cspB, was cloned from an arctic bacterium, Polaribacter irgensii KOPRI 22228, and overexpression of cspB greatly increased the freeze-survival rates of Escherichia coli hosts, to a greater level than any previously reported Csp...
July 31, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806748/temperature-effects-on-gene-expression-and-morphological-development-of-european-eel-anguilla-anguilla-larvae
#14
Sebastian N Politis, David Mazurais, Arianna Servili, Jose-Luis Zambonino-Infante, Joanna J Miest, Sune R Sørensen, Jonna Tomkiewicz, Ian A E Butts
Temperature is important for optimization of rearing conditions in aquaculture, especially during the critical early life history stages of fish. Here, we experimentally investigated the impact of temperature (16, 18, 20, 22 and 24°C) on thermally induced phenotypic variability, from larval hatch to first-feeding, and the linked expression of targeted genes [heat shock proteins (hsp), growth hormone (gh) and insulin-like growth factors (igf)] associated to larval performance of European eel, Anguilla anguilla...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802985/clinical-analysis-of-48-h-emergency-department-visit-post-outpatient-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-for-urolithiasis
#15
Chin-Heng Lu, Junne-Yih Kuo, Tzu-Ping Lin, Yi-Hsiu Huang, Hsiao-Jen Chung, William J S Huang, Howard H H Wu, Yen-Hwa Chang, Alex T L Lin, Kuang-Kuo Chen
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from renal or ureteral stones can undergo significant discomfort, even when timely diagnosed and treated. The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors and safety of outpatient Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) in the management of patients with renal or ureteral stones. METHODS: In this study, our cohort consisted of 844 outpatients who underwent outpatient ESWL treated between February 2012 and November 2014 at Taipei Veterans General Hospital...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800848/cold-generation-of-smoke-flavour-by-the-first-phenolic-acid-decarboxylase-from-a-filamentous-ascomycete-isaria-farinosa
#16
Diana Linke, Stephanie J L Riemer, Silke Schimanski, Annabel Nieter, Ulrich Krings, Ralf G Berger
A decarboxylase (IfPAD) from the ascomycete Isaria farinosa converted ferulic acid to 4-vinylguaiacol (4-VG), a volatile which imparts the distinct "smoke flavor" of pyrolized wood. The activity was enhanced by adding (E)-ferulic acid to the culture medium and peaked with 3.6 U g(-1) mycelium (1 μmol 4-VG min(-1)). The coding sequence of 543 bp was translated into a 25 kDa protein with a homology of 91 % to putative phenolic acid decarboxylases of its teleomorph, Cordyceps militaris, and Beauveria bassiana, the anamorph of Cordyceps bassiana...
September 2017: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776104/heat-or-cold-priming-induced-cross-tolerance-to-abiotic-stresses-in-plants-key-regulators-and-possible-mechanisms
#17
REVIEW
Mohammad Anwar Hossain, Zhong-Guang Li, Tahsina Sharmin Hoque, David J Burritt, Masayuki Fujita, Sergi Munné-Bosch
Plants growing under field conditions are constantly exposed, either simultaneously or sequentially, to more than one abiotic stress factor. Plants have evolved sophisticated sensory systems to perceive a number of stress signals that allow them to activate the most adequate response to grow and survive in a given environment. Recently, cross-stress tolerance (i.e. tolerance to a second, strong stress after a different type of mild primary stress) has gained attention as a potential means of producing stress-resistant crops to aid with global food security...
August 4, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774719/defective-methionine-metabolism-in-the-brain-after-repeated-blast-exposures-might-contribute-to-increased-oxidative-stress
#18
Peethambaran Arun, William B Rittase, Donna M Wilder, Ying Wang, Irene D Gist, Joseph B Long
Blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) is one of the major disabilities in Service Members returning from recent military operations. The neurobiological underpinnings of bTBI, which are associated with acute and chronic neuropathological and neurobehavioral deficits, are uncertain. Increased oxidative stress in the brain is reported to play a significant role promoting neuronal damage associated with both brain injury and neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, brains of rats exposed to repeated blasts in a shock tube underwent untargeted profiling of primary metabolism by automatic linear exchange/cold injection GC-TOF mass spectrometry and revealed acute and sub-acute disruptions in the metabolism of the essential amino acid methionine and associated antioxidants...
July 31, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770030/the-complete-genome-sequence-of-the-cold-adapted-crude-oil-degrader-pedobacter-steynii-dx4
#19
Sijing Chang, Gaosen Zhang, Ximing Chen, Haozhi Long, Yilin Wang, Tuo Chen, Guangxiu Liu
Pedobacter steynii DX4 was isolated from the soil of Tibetan Plateau and it can use crude oil as sole carbon and energy source at 15 °C. The genome of Pedobacter steynii DX4 has been sequenced and served as basis for analysis its metabolic mechanism. It is the first genome of crude oil degrading strain in Pedobacter genus. The 6.58 Mb genome has an average G + C content of 41.31% and encodes 5464 genes. In addition, annotation revealed that Pedobacter steynii DX4 has cold shock proteins, abundant response regulators for cell motility, and enzymes involved in energy conversion and fatty acid metabolism...
2017: Standards in Genomic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762448/comparison-of-warm-fluid-and-cold-fluid-resuscitation-during-uncontrolled-hemorrhagic-shock-model-in-rats
#20
Serkan Dilmen, Mehmet Eryılmaz, Salih Müjdat Balkan, Muhittin Serdar, Murat Durusu, Ali Osman Yıldırım, Sanem Aslıhan Dilmen
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare the effects of resuscitation with cold and warm fluid on survival time, rate and volume of hemorrhage, hemodynamics, hypothermia, coagulopathy, acid-base balance, hematocrit, lactate, and base deficit during uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock (HS) model in rats. METHODS: HS model was created with splenic vascular and parenchymal injury in 29 rats under ketamine and xylazine anesthesia. Thirty minutes after the hemorrhage, the rats were randomized to receive 14...
July 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
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