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cold shock

Tianpei Huang, Xiaojuan Zhang, Jieru Pan, Xiaoyu Su, Xin Jin, Xiong Guan
Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), one of the most successful biopesticides, may expand its potential by producing bacteriocins (thuricins). The aim of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial potential of a novel Bt bacteriocin, thuricin BtCspB, produced by Bt BRC-ZYR2. The results showed that this bacteriocin has a high similarity with cold-shock protein B (CspB). BtCspB lost its activity after proteinase K treatment; however it was active at 60 °C for 30 min and was stable in the pH range 5-7. The partial loss of activity after the treatments of lipase II and catalase were likely due to the change in BtCspB structure and the partial degradation of BtCspB, respectively...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Bin Cai, Xiangxiong Kong, Chao Zhong, Suli Sun, Xiao Feng Zhou, Yin Hua Jin, Youning Wang, Xia Li, Zhendong Zhu, Jing Bo Jin
SIZ1 is a small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) E3 ligase that mediates post-translational SUMO modification of target proteins and thereby regulates developmental processes and hormonal and environmental stress responses in Arabidopsis. However, the role of SUMO E3 ligases in crop plants is largely unknown. Here, we identified and characterized two Glycine max (soybean) SUMO E3 ligases, GmSIZ1a and GmSIZ1b. Expression of GmSIZ1a and GmSIZ1b was induced in response to salicylic acid (SA), heat, and dehydration treatment, but not in response to cold, ABA, and NaCl treatment...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
Jianbo Li, Huixia Jia, Xiaojiao Han, Jin Zhang, Pei Sun, Mengzhu Lu, Jianjun Hu
Salix psammophila is a desert shrub willow that has extraordinary adaptation to abiotic stresses and plays an important role in maintaining local ecosystems. Moreover, S. psammophila is regarded as a promising biomass feedstock because of its high biomass yields and short rotation coppice cycle. However, few suitable reference genes (RGs) for quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) constrain the study on normalization of gene expression in S. psammophila until now. Here, we investigated the expression stabilities of 14 candidate RGs across tissue types and under four abiotic stress treatments, including heat, cold, salt, and drought treatments...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Norma Alva, Ronald Alva, Teresa Carbonell
In clinical and experimental settings, a great deal of effort is being made to protect cells and tissues against harmful conditions and to facilitate metabolic recovery following these insults. Much of the recent attention has focused on the protective role of a natural form of sugar, fructose 1,6-bisphosphate (F16bP). F16bP is a high-energy glycolytic intermediate that has been shown to exert a protective action in different cell types and tissues (including the brain, kidney, intestine, liver and heart) against various harmful conditions...
October 14, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
M A Sinetova, D A Los
Systemic analysis of stress transcriptomes of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis revealed that all stress-induced genes can be separated into two groups: one is clustered around heat-shock- and another - around cold-shock inducible genes. Genes for so-called heat shock proteins (HSPs) are induced by various stressors, e.g. heat, salt, hyperosmotic environment, reactive oxygen species (ROS), changes in light intensity and quality, or in the redox potential of the photosynthetic electron transport chain components...
October 18, 2016: Molecular BioSystems
Hye Yeon Koh, Hyun Park, Jun Hyuck Lee, Se Jong Han, Young Chang Sohn, Sung Gu Lee
Psychrobacter sp. PAMC 21119, isolated from Antarctic permafrost soil, grows and proliferates at subzero temperatures. However, its major mechanism of cold adaptation regulation remains poorly understood. We investigated the transcriptomic and proteomic responses of this species to cold temperatures by comparing profiles at -5°C and 20°C to understand how extreme microorganisms survive under subzero conditions. We found a total of 2,906 transcripts and 584 differentially expressed genes (≥ 2 fold, p <0...
October 17, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
Alexandra Pontefract, Gordon R Osinski, Charles S Cockell, Gordon Southam, Phil J A McCausland, Joseph Umoh, David W Holdsworth
Impact-generated lithologies have recently been identified as viable and important microbial habitats, especially within cold and arid regions such as the polar deserts on Earth. These unique habitats provide protection from environmental stressors, such as freeze-thaw events, desiccation, and UV radiation, and act to trap aerially deposited detritus within the fissures and pore spaces, providing necessary nutrients for endoliths. This study provides the first culture-independent analysis of the microbial community structure within impact-generated lithologies in a Mars analog environment, involving the analysis of 44,534 16S rRNA sequences from an assemblage of 21 rock samples that comprises three shock metamorphism categories...
October 2016: Astrobiology
Tanaka Kenta, Jessica E M Edwards, Roger K Butlin, Terry Burke, W Paul Quick, Peter Urwin, Matthew P Davey
Whilst genotype-environment interaction is increasingly receiving attention by ecologists and evolutionary biologists, such studies need genetically homogeneous replicates-a challenging hurdle in outcrossing plants. This could potentially be overcome by using tissue culture techniques. However, plants regenerated from tissue culture may show aberrant phenotypes and "somaclonal" variation. Here we examined the somaclonal variation due to tissue culturing using the response to cold treatment of the photosynthetic efficiency (chlorophyll fluorescence measurements for Fv/Fm, Fv'/Fm' and ΦPSII, representing maximum efficiency of photosynthesis for dark- and light-adapted leaves, and the actual electron transport operating efficiency, respectively, which are reliable indicators of photoinhibition and damage to the photosynthetic electron transport system)...
October 11, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Huahua Jian, Shengkang Li, Xixiang Tang, Xiang Xiao
Low temperature and high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) are two of the most remarkable environmental factors influencing deep-sea ecosystem. The adaptive mechanisms of microorganisms which live in these extreme environments to low temperature and high pressure warrant investigation. In this study, the global gene expression patterns of the deep-sea bacterium Shewanella piezotolerans WP3 in response to cold (0 °C) and HHP (50 MPa) shock were evaluated through DNA microarray analysis. Results revealed that 22, 66, and 106 genes were differentially expressed after WP3 was respectively exposed to cold shock for 30, 60, and 90 min...
October 3, 2016: Marine Genomics
David M Linz, Alan W Hu, Michael I Sitvarin, Yoshinori Tomoyasu
Coleoptera (beetles) is a massively successful order of insects, distinguished by their evolutionarily modified forewings called elytra. These structures are often presumed to have been a major driving force for the successful radiation of this taxon, by providing beetles with protection against a variety of harsh environmental factors. However, few studies have directly demonstrated the functional significance of the elytra against diverse environmental challenges. Here, we sought to empirically test the function of the elytra using Tribolium castaneum (the red flour beetle) as a model...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jonathan M Peake, Llion A Roberts, Vandre C Figueiredo, Ingrid Egner, Simone Krog, Sigve N Aas, Katsuhiko Suzuki, James F Markworth, Jeff S Coombes, David Cameron-Smith, Truls Raastad
Cold water immersion and active recovery are common post-exercise recovery treatments. However, little is known about whether these treatments influence inflammation and cellular stress in human skeletal muscle after exercise. We compared the effects of cold water immersion versus active recovery on inflammatory cells, pro-inflammatory cytokines, neurotrophins and heat shock proteins (HSPs) in skeletal muscle after intense resistance exercise. Nine active men performed unilateral lower-body resistance exercise on separate days, at least 1 wk apart...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Physiology
Hanene Miladi, Hamouda Elabed, Rihab Ben Slama, Amel Rhim, Amina Bakhrouf
Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne pathogen of humans and other animals. The striking ability to survive several stresses usually used for food preservation makes L. monocytogenes one of the biggest concerns to the food industry. This ubiquity can be partly explained by the ability of the organism to grow and persist at very low temperatures, a consequence of its ability to accumulate cryoprotective compound called osmolytes. A quantitative RT-PCR assay was used to measure mRNA transcript accumulation for the stress response genes opuCA and betL (encoding carnitine and betaine transporters, respectively) and the housekeeping gene 16S rRNA...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Microbiology
Karthik Narayanan Ramaswamy, Sunit Singhi, Muralidharan Jayashree, Arun Bansal, Karthi Nallasamy
OBJECTIVE: We compared efficacy of dopamine and epinephrine as first-line vasoactive therapy in achieving resolution of shock in fluid-refractory hypotensive cold septic shock. DESIGN: Double-blind, pilot, randomized controlled study. SETTING: Pediatric emergency and ICU of a tertiary care teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Consecutive children 3 months to 12 years old, with fluid-refractory hypotensive septic shock, were enrolled between July 2013 and December 2014...
September 23, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
E M Sadeesh, P Sikka, A K Balhara, S Balhara
The study examined the effects of different environmental stress on developmental competence and the relative abundance (RA) of various gene transcripts in oocytes and embryos of buffalo. Oocytes collected during cold period (CP) and hot period (HP) were matured, fertilized and cultured in vitro to blastocyst hatching stage. The mRNA expression patterns of genes implicated in developmental competence (OCT-4, IGF-2R and GDF-9), heat shock (HSP-70.1), oxidative stress (MnSOD), metabolism (GLUT-1), pro-apoptosis (BAX) and anti-apoptosis (BCL-2) were evaluated in immature and matured oocytes as well as in pre-implantation stage embryos...
September 20, 2016: Cytotechnology
Weining Cheng, Dan Li, Yue Wang, Yang Liu, Keyan Zhu-Salzman
Sitodiplosis mosellana Géhin, one of the most important pests of wheat, undergoes obligatory diapause as a larva to survive unfavorable temperature extremes during hot summers and cold winters. To explore the potential roles of heat shock proteins (hsp) in this process, we cloned full-length cDNAs of hsp70, hsc70 and hsp90 from S. mosellana larvae, and examined their expression in response to diapause and short-term temperature stresses. Three hsps included all signature sequences of corresponding protein family and EEVD motifs...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Insect Physiology
Velin Z Spassov, Lisa Yan
This article describes a novel software implementation for high-throughput scanning mutagenesis with a focus on protein stability. The approach combines molecular mechanics calculations with calculations of protein ionization and a Gaussian-chain model of electrostatic interactions in unfolded state. Comprehensive testing demonstrates a state-of-the-art accuracy for predicted free energy differences on single, double, and triple mutations with a correlation coefficient R above 0.7, which takes about 1.5 min per mutation on a single CPU...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Computational Chemistry
David de Sancho, Robert B Best
Most experimentally well-characterized single domain proteins of less than 100 residues have been found to be two-state folders. That is, only two distinct populations can explain both equilibrium and kinetic measurements. Results from single molecule force spectroscopy, where a protein is unfolded by applying a mechanical pulling force to its ends, have largely confirmed this description for proteins found to be two-state in ensemble experiments. Recently, however, stable intermediates have been reported in mechanical unfolding experiments on a cold-shock protein previously found to be a prototypical two-state folder...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Sriram Pothapregada, Banupriya Kamalakannan, Mahalaskhmy Thulasingham, Srinivasan Sampath
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical profile and outcome of dengue fever in children at a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All children (0-12 years of age) diagnosed and confirmed as dengue fever from August 2012 to January 2015 were reviewed retrospectively from hospital case records as per the revised World Health Organization guidelines for dengue fever. The diagnosis was confirmed by NS1 antigen-based ELISA test or dengue serology for IgM and IgG antibodies, and the data were analyzed using SPSS 16...
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
Karol Fijałkowski, Dorota Peitler, Jolanta Karakulska
The aim of this study was to analyse the staphylococci isolated from ready-to-eat meat products, including pork ham, chicken cold cuts, pork sausage, salami and pork luncheon meat, sliced in the store to the consumer's specifications, along with species identification and determination of antibiotic resistance. Genes encoding staphylococcal enterotoxins, staphylococcal enterotoxin-like proteins, exfoliative toxins, and toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 were also investigated. From the 41 samples, 75 different staphylococcal isolates were obtained...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Quynh Thu Nguyen, Ulrike Wallner, Marion Schmicke, Dagmar Waberski, Heiko Henning
Mammalian spermatozoa utilize ATP as the energy source for key functions on the route to fertilization. ATP and its precursor nucleotides ADP and AMP are determined in many sperm physiology studies, mostly by bioluminescence assays. Assay results vary widely, mainly due to different efficiency in nucleotide extraction and prevention of their enzymatic degradation. Here, we describe a revised, validated protocol for efficient phosphatase inhibition and adenine nucleotide extraction resulting in consistently high ATP concentrations exceeding previously reported values for boar spermatozoa up to twenty-fold...
September 9, 2016: Biology Open
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