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cold shock

Wei Li, Yun Ma, Jie Yang, Fangzhu Xiao, Wuzhou Wang, Shuya He
Deinococcus radiodurans was considered as one of the most radiation-resistant organisms on Earth because of its strong resistance to the damaging factors of both DNA and protein, including ionizing radiation, ultraviolet radiation, oxidants, and desiccation. PprM, as a bacterial cold shock protein homolog, was involved in the radiation resistance and oxidative stress response of D. radiodurans, but its potential mechanisms are poorly expounded. In this study, we found that PprM was highly conserved with the RNA-binding domain in Deinococcus genus through performing phylogenic analysis...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Microbiology
S Cuadrado, J R Goicoechea, J Cernicharo, A Fuente, J Pety, B Tercero
We investigate the presence of complex organic molecules (COMs) in strongly UV-irradiated interstellar molecular gas. We have carried out a complete millimetre (mm) line survey using the IRAM 30 m telescope towards the edge of the Orion Bar photodissociation region (PDR), close to the H2 dissociation front, a position irradiated by a very intense far-UV (FUV) radiation field. These observations have been complemented with 8.5″ resolution maps of the H2CO JKa,Kc = 51,5 → 41,4 and C(18)O J = 3 → 2 emission at 0...
July 2017: Astronomy and Astrophysics
Claire Coderch, María Díaz de Cerio, Jose María Zapico, Rafael Peláez, Ignacio M Larrayoz, Ana Ramos, Alfredo Martínez, Beatriz de Pascual-Teresa
Hypothermia has been proved to have a beneficial effect on several pathologies. CIRBP is one of the so termed cold-shock proteins involved in this process. In this work, we have detected small molecules capable of modulating the activity of CIRBP in the absence of a cold stimulus, by High Throughput Virtual Screening (HTVS) of the Diversity Set IV of the NCI and 15 compounds of our in-house data base. Fifteen compounds were selected from the HTVS to carry out a second screening through a cell-based Western blot assay...
October 31, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Peng Zhong, He Huang
Cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRP) is a cold-shock protein which can be induced after exposure to a moderate cold-shock in different species ranging from amphibians to humans. Expression of CIRP can also be regulated by hypoxia, UV radiation, glucose deprivation, heat stress and H2O2, suggesting that CIRP is a general stress-response protein. In response to stress, CIRP can migrate from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and regulate mRNA stability through its binding site on the 3'-UTR of its targeted mRNAs...
November 2017: Future Science OA
Zihan Xu, Joe M Regenstein, Dandan Xie, Wenjing Lu, Xingchen Ren, Jiajia Yuan, Linchun Mao
Low temperature and air exposure were the key attributes for waterless transportation of fish and shrimp. In order to investigate the oxidative stress and antioxidant responses of the live shrimp Fenneropenaeuschinensis in the mimic waterless transportation, live Chinese shrimp were cooled at 13 °C for 3 min, stored in oxygen at 15 °C for 12 h, and then revived in water at 25 °C. The survival rate of shrimp under this waterless transportation system was over 86.67%. The ultrastructure of hepatopancreas cells were observed while activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), antisuperoxide anion free radicals (ASAFR), total antioxidant capacity (TAOC), reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and relative mRNA expressions of CAT and GSH-Px in the hemolymph and hepatopancreas were determined...
November 10, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Lauren E Des Marteaux, Joseph R Stinziano, Brent J Sinclair
Cold-acclimated insects maintain ion and water balance in the cold, potentially by reducing permeability or increasing diffusion distance across ionoregulatory epithelia such as the rectum. We explored whether cold acclimation induces structural modifications that minimize water and ion diffusion across the rectum and maintain rectal cell integrity. We investigated rectal structure and cytoskeletal stability in chill-susceptible adult Gryllus pennsylvanicus crickets acclimated for one week to either warm (25°C) or cold (12°C) conditions...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
Mingming Cui, Ping Hu, Tao Wang, Jing Tao, Shixiang Zong
Seabuckthorn carpenter moth, Eogystia hippophaecolus (Lepidoptera: Cossidae), is an important pest of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides), which is a shrub that has significant ecological and economic value in China. E. hippophaecolus is highly cold tolerant, but limited studies have been conducted to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying its cold resistance. Here we sequenced the E. hippophaecolus transcriptome using RNA-Seq technology and performed de novo assembly from the short paired-end reads...
2017: PloS One
Hyun Ju Lee, Deniz Bartsch, Cally Xiao, Santiago Guerrero, Gaurav Ahuja, Christina Schindler, James J Moresco, John R Yates, Fátima Gebauer, Hisham Bazzi, Christoph Dieterich, Leo Kurian, David Vilchez
While the transcriptional network of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) has been extensively studied, relatively little is known about how post-transcriptional modulations determine hESC function. RNA-binding proteins play central roles in RNA regulation, including translation and turnover. Here we show that the RNA-binding protein CSDE1 (cold shock domain containing E1) is highly expressed in hESCs to maintain their undifferentiated state and prevent default neural fate. Notably, loss of CSDE1 accelerates neural differentiation and potentiates neurogenesis...
November 13, 2017: Nature Communications
Shuang Liang, Xuan Luo, Weiwei You, Caihuan Ke
Hybridization is an effective way of improving germplasm in abalone, as it often generates benign traits in the hybrids. The hybrids of Haliotis discus hannai and H. gigantea have shown heterosis in terms of disease resistance than one or both parental species. In the present study, to elucidate the physiological and molecular mechanism of this heterosis, we analyzed the dynamic changes of several immune indexes including survival rate, total circulating haemocyte count (THC), phagocytic activity, reactive oxygen species level (ROS) and phenoloxidase activity (PO) in two parental species, H...
November 7, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Derek Dean, Hannah Weinstein, Seema Amin, Breelyn Karno, Emma McAvoy, Ronald Hoy, Andrew Recknagel, Casey Jarvis, David Deitcher
The bang-sensitive (BS) mutants of Drosophila are an important model for studying epilepsy. We recently identified a novel BS locus, julius seizure (jus), encoding a protein containing two transmembrane domains and an extracellular cysteine-rich loop. We also determined that jus(sda)(iso7.8), a previously identified BS mutation, is an allele of jus by recombination, deficiency mapping, complementation testing, and genetic rescue. RNAi knockdown revealed that jus expression is important in cholinergic neurons and that the critical stage of jus expression is the mid-pupa...
November 10, 2017: Fly
Athmanya K Eshwar, Claudia Guldimann, Anna Oevermann, Taurai Tasara
Cold shock-domain family proteins (Csps) are highly conserved nucleic acid binding proteins regulating the expression of various genes including those involved in stress resistance and virulence in bacteria. We show here that Csps are involved in virulence, cell aggregation and flagella-based extracellular motility of Listeria monocytogenes. A L. monocytogenes mutant deleted in all three csp genes (ΔcspABD) is attenuated with respect to human macrophage infection as well as virulence in a zebrafish infection model...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Ling Xu, Lijun Wang, Junhui Peng, Fudong Li, Lijie Wu, Beibei Zhang, Mengqi Lv, Jiahai Zhang, Qingguo Gong, Rongguang Zhang, Xiaobing Zuo, Zhiyong Zhang, Jihui Wu, Yajun Tang, Yunyu Shi
CsdA has been proposed to be essential for the biogenesis of ribosome and gene regulation after cold shock. However, the structure of CsdA and the function of its long C-terminal regions are still unclear. Here, we solved all of the domain structures of CsdA and found two previously uncharacterized auxiliary domains: a dimerization domain (DD) and an RNA-binding domain (RBD). Small-angle X-ray scattering experiments helped to track the conformational flexibilities of the helicase core domains and C-terminal regions...
October 12, 2017: Structure
Kai Lu, Xia Chen, Wenting Liu, Zhichao Zhang, Ying Wang, Keke You, Yue Li, Rongbin Zhang, Qiang Zhou
The brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens, possesses a strong adaptability to extreme temperature and insecticide stresses. Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are highly conserved molecular chaperones and play a pivotal role in response to various environmental stresses in insects. However, little is known about the response of Hsps to stresses in N. lugens. In the present study, an inducible Hsp70 (NlHsp70) was isolated from this insect and transcriptional expression patterns of NlHsp70 under temperature and insecticide stresses were analyzed...
October 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Christopher J Holmes, Cameron J Dobrotka, David W Farrow, Andrew J Rosendale, Joshua B Benoit, Peter J Pekins, Jay A Yoder
We report that larvae of the winter tick Dermacentor albipictus, the only stage that will quest for a host, can tolerate short-term cold shock down to -25°C and short-term heat shock as high as 46°C. Unlike a three host-tick, larvae of D. albipictus have no preconditioning response to low or high temperature exposure by rapid cold hardening (RCH) or heat hardening, and poor ability to acclimate to low and high temperature extremes. Thermal tolerance limits were not improved as the result of larval clustering, and there was only a minimal effect due to changes in photoperiod...
October 31, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Michael J LaGier
While many studies have examined the mechanisms by which extremophilic Deinococci survive exposure to ionizing radiation, very few publications have characterized the cold shock adaptations of this group, despite many species being found in persistent cold environments and environments prone to significant daily temperature fluctuations. Bacterial cold shock proteins (Csps) are a family of conserved, RNA chaperone proteins that commonly play a role in cold temperature adaptation, including a downward shift in temperature (i...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
Sun Young Lim, Hyun Woo Gil, In-Seok Park
The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences fatty acids and hormonal parameters in the spawning and non-spawning season between the diploid and induced triploid Far Eastern catfish, Silurus asotus. The measured triploids were produced by cold shock for 50 min at 4℃ in May 2014, the spawning season of diploid was in May, and the non-spawning season was designated in January. Estradiol and testosterone and gonadosomatic index of diploid were higher than those of induced triploid in spawning season (P<0...
September 2017: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
Y Tan, Y Zhang, Z-J Huo, X-R Zhou, B-P Pang
Galeruca daurica (Joannis) is a new outbreak pest in the Inner Mongolia grasslands in northern China. Heat shock protein 10 and 60 (Hsp10 and Hsp60) genes of G. daurica, designated as GdHsp10 and GdHsp60, were cloned by rapid amplification of cDNA ends techniques. Sequence analysis showed that GdHsp10 and GdHsp60 encoded polypeptides of 104 and 573 amino acids, respectively. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis clearly revealed that the amino acids of GdHsp10 and GdHsp60 had high homology and were clustered with other Hsp10 and Hsp60 genes in insects which are highly relative with G...
October 30, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
Ping Ji, Bingjie Zhou, Yuan Zhan, Yifeng Wang, Yuhong Zhang, Yulin Li, Peixin He
The flexibility and hydrophilicity of nanogels suggest their potential for the creation of nanocarriers with good colloidal stability and stimulative ability. In the present study, biocompatible AGP and AGPA nanogels with triple-stimulative properties (thermosensitivity, pH sensitivity, and redox sensitivity) were prepared by incorporating poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) or poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) (P(NIPAM-AA)) into alginate (AG) emulsion nanodrops, followed by fixation with a disulfide-containing molecule (cystamine dihydrochloride (Cys))...
November 3, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lei Wang, Markus Albert, Elias Einig, Ursula Fu Rst, Damaris Krust, Georg Felix
In the version of this Article originally published, Fig. 6b, which is composed of individual pictures of six plants, inadvertently and erroneously displayed the same image of one Col-0 wt plant twice. This has been corrected so that Fig. 6b now shows two different representative plants for the Col-0 wt control.
October 23, 2017: Nature Plants
Trong-Ming Don, Kun-Ying Lu, Li-Jie Lin, Chun-Hua Hsu, Jui-Yu Wu, Fwu-Long Mi
The tumor microenvironments are often acidic and overexpress specific enzymes. In this work, we synthesized a poly(AA-b-NIPAAm) copolymer (PAA-b-PNIPAAm) using a reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization method. PAA-b-PNIPAAm and a cationic protein (protamine) were self-assembled into nanogels, which effectively reduced the cytotoxicity of protamine. The protamine/PAA-b-PNIPAAm nanogels were responsive to the stimuli including temperature, pH and enzyme due to disaggregation of PAA-b-PNIPAAm, change in random coil/α-helix conformation of protamine, and enzymatic hydrolysis of the protein...
October 23, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
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