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cold shock

Xiaomin Deng, Jianxiao Wang, Yan Li, Shaohua Wu, Shuguang Yang, Jinquan Chao, Yueyi Chen, Shixin Zhang, Minjing Shi, Weimin Tian
Two contrasting cold response rubber tree clones, the cold-resistant '93-114' and cold-sensitive 'Reken501', were subject to a global transcriptome response assessing via high-throughput RNA-seq technique and comprehensive bioinformatics analysis using the referenced rubber tree genome with the purpose of exploring the potential molecular cues underlying the tolerance of rubber trees to cold stress. As a result, a total of 1919 genes had significantly higher expression, while 2929 genes had significantly lower expression in '93-114' than in 'Reken501' without cold stress...
March 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Michael K Watters, Victor Manzanilla, Holly Howell, Alexander Mehreteab, Erik Rose, Nicole Walters, Nicholas Seitz, Jacob Nava, Sienna Kekelik, Laura Knuth, Brianna Scivinsky
When subjected to rapid drops of temperature (cold shock), Neurospora responds with a temporary shift in its morphology. This report is the first to examine this response genetically. We report here the results of a screen of selected mutants from the Neurospora knockout library for alterations in their morphological response to cold shock. Three groups of knockouts were selected to be subject to this screen: genes previously suspected to be involved in hyphal development as well as knockouts resulting in morphological changes; transcription factors; and genes homologous to E...
March 21, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Zimei Dong, Gengbo Chu, Yingxu Sima, Guangwen Chen
Heat shock protein 90 family members (HSP90s), as molecular chaperones, have conserved roles in the physiological processes of eukaryotes regulating cytoprotection, increasing host resistance and so on. However, whether HSP90s affect regeneration in animals is unclear. Planarians are emerging models for studying regeneration in vivo. Here, the roles of three hsp90 genes from planarian Dugesia japonica are investigated by WISH and RNAi. The results show that: (1) Djhsp90s expressions are induced by heat and cold shock, tissue damage and ionic liquid; (2) Djhsp90s mRNA are mainly distributed each side of the body in intact worms as well as blastemas in regenerative worms; (3) the worms show head regression, lysis, the body curling and the regeneration arrest or even failure after Djhsp90s RNAi; (4) Djhsp90s are involved in autophagy and locomotion of the body...
March 16, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Christine M Leeper, Mark H Yazer, Franklyn P Cladis, Richard Saladino, Darrell J Triulzi, Barbara A Gaines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
Stephanie S Bauerfeind, Jesper G Sørensen, Volker Loeschcke, David Berger, E Dale Broder, Madeleine Geiger, Manuela Ferrari, Wolf U Blanckenhorn
Climatic conditions can be very heterogeneous even over small geographic scales, and are believed to be major determinants of the abundance and distribution of species and populations. Organisms are expected to evolve in response to the frequency and magnitude of local thermal extremes, resulting in local adaptation. Using replicate yellow dung fly (Scathophaga stercoraria; Diptera: Scathophagidae) populations from cold (northern Europe) and warm climates (southern Europe), we compared 1) responses to short-term heat and cold shocks in both sexes, 2) heat shock protein (Hsp70) expression in adults and eggs, and 3) female reproductive traits when facing short-term heat stress during egg maturation...
April 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Patrícia L Abreu, Teresa Cunha-Oliveira, Leonardo M R Ferreira, Ana M Urbano
Exposure to hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)], a lung carcinogen, triggers several types of cellular stresses, namely oxidative, genotoxic and proteotoxic stresses. Given the evolutionary character of carcinogenesis, it is tempting to speculate that cells that survive the stresses produced by this carcinogen become more resistant to subsequent stresses, namely those encountered during neoplastic transformation. To test this hypothesis, we determined whether pre-incubation with Cr(VI) increased the resistance of human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B cells) to the antiproliferative action of acute thermal shock, used here as a model for stress...
March 16, 2018: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Michał Rurek, Magdalena Czołpińska, Tomasz Andrzej Pawłowski, Włodzimierz Krzesiński, Tomasz Spiżewski
Complex proteomic and physiological approaches for studying cold and heat stress responses in plant mitochondria are still limited. Variations in the mitochondrial proteome of cauliflower ( Brassica oleracea var. botrytis ) curds after cold and heat and after stress recovery were assayed by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D PAGE) in relation to mRNA abundance and respiratory parameters. Quantitative analysis of the mitochondrial proteome revealed numerous stress-affected protein spots. In cold, major downregulations in the level of photorespiratory enzymes, porine isoforms, oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and some low-abundant proteins were observed...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Hans G Rinderknecht, H-S Park, J S Ross, P A Amendt, D P Higginson, S C Wilks, D Haberberger, J Katz, D H Froula, N M Hoffman, G Kagan, B D Keenan, E L Vold
The structure of a strong collisional shock front forming in a plasma is directly probed for the first time in laser-driven gas-jet experiments. Thomson scattering of a 526.5 nm probe beam was used to diagnose temperature and ion velocity distribution in a strong shock (M∼11) propagating through a low-density (ρ∼0.01  mg/cc) plasma composed of hydrogen. A forward-streaming population of ions traveling in excess of the shock velocity was observed to heat and slow down on an unmoving, unshocked population of cold protons, until ultimately the populations merge and begin to thermalize...
March 2, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Memi Muto, Wataru Kamitani, Mizuki Sakai, Minato Hirano, Shintaro Kobayashi, Hiroaki Kariwa, Kentaro Yoshii
Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) causes severe neurological disease, but the pathogenetic mechanism is unclear. The conformational structure of the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of TBEV is associated with its virulence. We tried to identify host proteins interacting with the 3'-UTR of TBEV. Cellular proteins of HEK293T cells were co-precipitated with biotinylated RNAs of the 3'-UTR of low- and high-virulence TBEV strains and subjected to mass spectrometry analysis. Fifteen host proteins were found to bind to the 3'-UTR of TBEV, four of which- cold shock domain containing-E1 (CSDE1), spermatid perinuclear RNA binding protein (STRBP), fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), and interleukin enhancer binding factor 3 (ILF3)-bound specifically to that of the low-virulence strain...
March 12, 2018: Virus Research
Aiguo Zhou, Shaolin Xie, Zhenlu Wang, Yanfeng Chen, Yue Zhang, Lanfen Fan, Fang Zeng, Jixing Zou
The great albino northern snakehead, Channa argus, is one of the most important economical fish in China. In the present study, cDNA encoding heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) was cloned and characterized. The cDNA was 2462 bp, containing an open reading frame (ORF) encoding a 575-amino-acids polypeptide of 61.10 kDa (theoretical isoelectric point [pI]: 5.66). BLAST analysis showed that AcaHSP60 was highly similar with other HSP60s, and three conserved amino acid blocks and characteristic motifs or domains defined as HSP60 protein family signatures...
March 14, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Paula M Tribelli, Nancy I López
It is well known that cold environments are predominant over the Earth and there are a great number of reports analyzing bacterial adaptations to cold. Most of these works are focused on characteristics traditionally involved in cold adaptation, such as the structural adjustment of enzymes, maintenance of membrane fluidity, expression of cold shock proteins and presence of compatible solutes. Recent works based mainly on novel "omic" technologies have presented evidence of the presence of other important features to thrive in cold...
March 13, 2018: Life
Isabelle Raymond-Bouchard, Jacqueline Goordial, Yevgen Zolotarov, Jennifer Ronholm, Martina Stromvik, Corien Bakermans, Lyle G Whyte
Permafrost accounts for 27% of all soil ecosystems and harbors diverse microbial communities. Our understanding of microorganisms in permafrost, their activities and adaptations, remains limited. Using five subzero-growing (cryophilic) permafrost bacteria, we examined features of cold adaptation through comparative genomic analyses with mesophilic relatives. The cryophiles possess genes associated with cold adaptation, including cold shock proteins, RNA helicases, and oxidative stress and carotenoid synthesis enzymes...
March 8, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Nina C Donner, Kenneth H Kubala, James E Hassell, Margaret W Lieb, Kadi T Nguyen, Jared D Heinze, Robert C Drugan, Steven F Maier, Christopher A Lowry
Expression of TPH2, the rate-limiting enzyme for brain serotonin synthesis, is elevated in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DR) of depressed suicide victims. One hypothesis is that this increase in TPH2 expression is stress-induced. Here, we used an established animal model to address whether exposure to an acute stressor, inescapable tail shock (IS), increases tph2 mRNA and Tph2 protein expression, and if IS sensitizes the DR to a subsequent, heterotypic stressor. In Experiment 1 , we measured tph2 mRNA expression 4 h after IS or home cage (HC) control conditions in male rats, using in situ hybridization histochemistry...
February 2018: Neurobiology of Stress
Jason P Londo, Alisson P Kovaleski, Jacquelyn A Lillis
Low-temperature stresses limit the sustainability and productivity of grapevines when early spring frosts damage young grapevine leaves. Spring conditions often expose grapevines to low, but not damaging, chilling temperatures and these temperatures have been shown to increase freeze resistance in other model systems. In this study, we examined whole-transcriptome gene expression patterns of young leaf tissue from cuttings of five different grapevine cultivars, exposed to chill and freeze shock, in order to understand the underlying transcriptional landscape associated with cold stress response...
2018: Horticulture Research
Padmanaban S Suresh, Rie Tsutsumi, Thejaswini Venkatesh
YBX1 (Y box binding protein 1) is an RNA-/DNA-binding multifunctional protein harboring the classical cold shock protein (CSD) domain, an A/P domain, and a long C-terminal domain with alternating positively and negatively charged amino acids. It is a well-established oncogenic transcriptional factor, and regulates apoptosis, translation, cell proliferation, mRNA splicing, repair, differentiation, and stress response. The non-coding transcriptome has added yet another layer of complexity to the YBX1-mediated master regulation of cellular functions...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Cell Biology
Larissa M Dias, Adriana R C Folador, Amanda M Oliveira, Rommel T J Ramos, Artur Silva, Rafael A Baraúna
Exiguobacterium and Psychrobacter are bacterial genera with several cold-adapted species. These extremophiles are commonly isolated from the same habitats in Earth's cryosphere and have great ecological and biotechnological relevance. Thus, through comparative genomic analyses, it was possible to understand the functional diversity of these psychrotrophic and psychrophilic species and present new insights into the microbial adaptation to cold. The nucleotide identity between Exiguobacterium genomes was higher than 90%...
February 8, 2018: Genome Biology and Evolution
Yu-Mi Jung, Kyung-Lee Yu, Seong-Hyun Park, Seong-Deok Lee, Min-Jeong Kim, Ji-Chang You
Y-box binding protein 1 (YB-1) is a member of the cold-shock domain (CSD) protein superfamily. It participates in a wide variety of cellular events, including transcription, RNA splicing, translation, DNA repair, drug resistance, and stress responses. We investigated putative functions of YB-1 in HIV-1 replication. Functional studies using overexpression or knockdown of YB-1 in conjunction with transfection of proviral DNA showed that YB-1 enhances virus production. We found YB-1 regulates HIV-1 production by stimulating viral transcription using HIV-1 LTR sequence U3RU5 with Luciferase assay...
February 12, 2018: BMB Reports
Kat S Moore, Nurcan Yagci, Floris van Alphen, Nahuel A Paolini, Rastislav Horos, Ntsiki M Held, Riekelt H Houtkooper, Emile van den Akker, Alexander B Meijer, Peter A C 't Hoen, Marieke von Lindern
Expression of the RNA-binding protein Csde1 (Cold shock domain protein e1) is strongly upregulated during erythropoiesis compared to other hematopoietic lineages. Csde1 expression is impaired in the severe congenital anemia Diamond Blackfan Anemia (DBA), and reduced expression of Csde1 in healthy erythroblasts impaired their proliferation and differentiation. To investigate the cellular pathways controlled by Csde1 in erythropoiesis, we identified the transcripts that physically associate with Csde1 in erythroid cells...
February 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Shuai Lian, Di Wang, Bin Xu, Wenjin Guo, Lipeng Wang, Wenjie Li, Hong Ji, Jianfa Wang, Fanzhi Kong, Li Zhen, Shize Li, Liping Zhang, Jingru Guo, Huanmin Yang
In mammals, environmental factors including cold stress exert dramatic effects on adult health during late gestation, the cold stress response refers to an organism's response to cold. Indeed, cells and organs, including the hippocampus, are coordinated to respond to prevent hypothermia. The hippocampus act as an important brain structure that regulates the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and suppress the stress reaction through feedback regulation of the HPA axis. To evaluate the response of the hippocampus during prenatal cold stress, we established a prenatal cold stress rat model...
February 5, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
Florencia C Benforte, Maria A Colonnella, Martiniano M Ricardi, Esmeralda C Solar Venero, Leonardo Lizarraga, Nancy I López, Paula M Tribelli
Psychrotroph microorganisms have developed cellular mechanisms to cope with cold stress. Cell envelopes are key components for bacterial survival. Outer membrane is a constituent of Gram negative bacterial envelopes, consisting of several components, such as lipopolysaccharides (LPS). In this work we investigated the relevance of envelope characteristics for cold adaptation in the Antarctic bacterium Pseudomonas extremaustralis by analyzing a mini Tn5 wapH mutant strain, encoding a core LPS glycosyltransferase...
2018: PloS One
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