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osteoporosis review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785076/role-of-osteoprotegerin-receptor-activator-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-receptor-activator-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-ligand-axis-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#1
REVIEW
Lucia Pacifico, Gian Marco Andreoli, Miriam D'Avanzo, Delia De Mitri, Pasquale Pierimarchi
Concomitantly with the increase in the prevalences of overweight/obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has worldwide become the main cause of chronic liver disease in both adults and children. Patients with fatty liver display features of metabolic syndrome (MetS), like insulin resistance (IR), glucose intolerance, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Recently, epidemiological studies have linked obesity, MetS, and NAFLD to decreased bone mineral density and osteoporosis, highlighting an intricate interplay among bone, adipose tissue, and liver...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782253/-mineral-and-bone-disorders-in-chronic-heart-failure
#2
E V Reznik, I G Nikitin
In many patients, chronic heart failure (CHF) is associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Virtually all patients with terminal CKD and many patients with early CKD display various disorders of mineral and bone metabolism (MBM) related with all-cause mortality and high risk of cardiovascular complications. This review addressed disorders of mineral and bone metabolism in patients with CHF, including hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism, changed levels of FGF23 and Klotho, osteoporosis, osteopenia, their clinical and prognostic significance, and possibilities of their correction...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779585/translational-studies-provide-insights-for-the-etiology-and-treatment-of-cortical-bone-osteoporosis
#3
REVIEW
Robert Brommage, Claes Ohlsson
Increasing attention is being focused on the important contributions of cortical bone to bone strength, fractures and osteoporosis therapies. Recent progress in human genome wide association studies in combination with high-throughput mouse gene knockout phenotyping efforts of multiple genes and advanced conditional gene inactivation in mouse models have successfully identified genes with crucial roles in cortical bone homeostasis. Particular attention in this review is given to genes, such as WNT16, POSTN and SFRP4, that differentially affect cortical and trabecular bone architecture...
June 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777162/hiv-and-vertebral-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-metanalysis
#4
Thales A S H Ilha, Fabio V Comim, Rafaela M Copes, Juliet E Compston, Melissa O Premaor
The survival of HIV-infected patients has increased with the advent of antiretroviral therapy with the emergence of new comorbidities. Vertebral fracture is a manifestation of reduced bone strength and osteoporosis. This study aims to assess the frequency of spine fractures in HIV-positive men and women aged over 18 years. We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, cross-sectional studies, and case-control studies. Studies that evaluated morphometric and/or clinical vertebral fracture were included...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774892/erratum-to-diagnostic-imaging-of-osteoporosis-and-sarcopenia-a-narrative-review
#5
Carmelo Messina, Gabriele Maffi, Jacopo Antonino Vitale, Fabio Massimo Ulivieri, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Luca Maria Sconfienza
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.21037/qims.2018.01.01.].
April 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774199/malignant-metastasis-misdiagnosed-as-osteoporotic-compression-fracture-a-case-report
#6
Seul Gi Kim, Chang Il Ju, Hui Sun Wang, Seok Won Kim
In cases of vertebral collapse after a trivial injury in elderly patients with severe osteoporosis, it can be a diagnostic challenge to determine whether the cause is a benign compression fracture or malignant metastasis. A 78-year-old male patient was referred to the emergency department for the evaluation of weakness of the left lower limb. He had undergone percutaneous vertebroplasty four months earlier after being diagnosed with L3 osteoporotic compression fracture. He was treated with foraminotomy at the L3-4 level after being diagnosed with foraminal stenosis two months earlier at a spine clinic...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770718/a-systematic-literature-review-comparing-methods-for-the-measurement-of-patient-persistence-and-adherence
#7
Carol A Forbes, Sohan Deshpande, Francesc Sorio-Vilela, Lucie Kutikova, Steven Duffy, Ioanna Gouni-Berthold, Emil Hagström
OBJECTIVES: A systematic literature review was conducted comparing different approaches estimating persistence and adherence in chronic diseases with polypharmacy of oral and subcutaneous treatments. METHODS: This work followed published guidance on performing systematic reviews. Twelve electronic databases and grey literature sources were used to identify studies and guidelines for persistence and adherence of oral and subcutaneous therapies in hypercholesterolemia, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis...
May 17, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770323/dental-mesenchymal-stem-cell-based-translational-regenerative-dentistry-from-artificial-to-biological-replacement
#8
REVIEW
Mona K Marei, Rania M El Backly
Dentistry is a continuously changing field that has witnessed much advancement in the past century. Prosthodontics is that branch of dentistry that deals with replacing missing teeth using either fixed or removable appliances in an attempt to simulate natural tooth function. Although such "replacement therapies" appear to be easy and economic they fall short of ever coming close to their natural counterparts. Complications that arise often lead to failures and frequent repairs of such devices which seldom allow true physiological function of dental and oral-maxillofacial tissues...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767225/effect-of-balance-training-on-the-falling-in-osteoporosis-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Xin Zhou, Hui Ding, Xiaoping Shen, Zingliang Lei
BACKGROUND: Balance training may be beneficial for patients with osteoporosis, although current results are inconclusive. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to explore the effect of balance training on falls in patients with osteoporosis. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, EBSCO, and Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of balance training vs usual activities on falls in patients with osteoporosis were included...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764026/-advances-in-postoperative-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-suppression-therapy-in-females-with-thyroid-cancer
#10
F Song, H L Yi
Differentiated thyroid cancer is the most common malignant carcinoma in female population.Postoperative long-term thyroid-stimulating hormone(TSH) suppression therapy can reduce the risk of recurrence for differentiated thyroid cancer and control the progress of the disease, but it also induces simultaneously subclinical hypothyroidism and imposes negative effect on female. In addition to cardiovascular disease, TSH suppression therapy can lead to the alteration of sex hormone metabolism, menstrual disorder, poor influence on pregnancy and osteoporosis...
May 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763969/hormone-replacement-therapy-for-women-previously-treated-for-endometrial-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Katharine A Edey, Stuart Rundle, Martha Hickey
BACKGROUND: Endometrial cancer is the sixth most common cancer in women worldwide and most commonly occurs after the menopause (75%) (globocan.iarc.fr). About 319,000 new cases were diagnosed worldwide in 2012. Endometrial cancer is commonly considered as a potentially 'curable cancer,' as approximately 75% of cases are diagnosed before disease has spread outside the uterus (FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) stage I). The overall five-year survival for all stages is about 86%, and, if the cancer is confined to the uterus, the five-year survival rate may increase to 97%...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761972/-progress-of-quantitative-measurement-of-bone-using-99m-tc-methylene-diphosphonate-in-osteoporosis
#12
REVIEW
Yutang Yao, Xiaohong Ou
As the incidence of osteoporosis (OP) is increasing year by year, high morbidity and mortality caused by osteoporotic fractures have become major problems of health in China and over the world. Quantitative measurement of bone using 99m Tc-methylene diphosphonate ( 99m Tc-MDP) provides global or local information of skeletal metabolism or transformation. In this paper, we make a brief review on the quantitative measurement of bone using 99m Tc-MDP and expect to provide guidance for clinical diagnosis and treatment...
October 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761330/a-review-of-long-term-toxicity-of-antiretroviral-treatment-regimens-and-implications-for-an-aging-population
#13
REVIEW
Anita Chawla, Christina Wang, Cody Patton, Miranda Murray, Yogesh Punekar, Annemiek de Ruiter, Corklin Steinhart
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a chronic infectious disease currently requiring lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART). People living with HIV (PLWH) face an increased risk of comorbidities associated with aging, chronic HIV, and the toxicity arising from long-term ART. A literature review was conducted to identify the most recent evidence documenting toxicities associated with long-term ART, particularly among aging PLWH. In general, PLWH are at a greater risk of developing fractures, osteoporosis, renal and metabolic disorders, central nervous system disorders, cardiovascular disease, and liver disease...
May 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761280/adverse-effects-of-media-reports-on-the-treatment-of-osteoporosis
#14
REVIEW
Cristiana Cipriani, Jessica Pepe, Salvatore Minisola, E Michael Lewiecki
PURPOSE: The review focused on the role that media reporting plays in the level of public awareness about osteoporosis and its influence on osteoporosis treatment decisions. METHODS: We reviewed the literature on the role of media on three main aspects influencing patient adherence to osteoporosis treatment: the awareness of osteoporosis as a major health problem, the perception of the effectiveness of osteoporosis medications, and the fear of adverse effects with osteoporosis medications...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757991/a-review-the-bioactivities-and-pharmacological-applications-of-polygonatum-sibiricum-polysaccharides
#15
REVIEW
Xiaowei Cui, Shiyuan Wang, Hui Cao, Hong Guo, Yujuan Li, Fangxue Xu, Mengmeng Zheng, Xiaozhi Xi, Chunchao Han
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been widely used in China and is regarded as the most important therapeutic. Polygonatum sibiricum (PS), a natural plant used in traditional Chinese medicine, has various functions associated with a number of its components. There are many compositions in PS including polysaccharides, steroids, anthraquinone, alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, lignin, vitamins, various acids, and so on. Of these, polysaccharides play a significant role in PS-based therapeutics. This article summarizes Polygonatum sibiricum polysaccharides (PSP) have many pharmacological applications and biological activities, such as their antioxidant activity, anti-aging activity, an anti-fatigue effect, immunity enhancement effect, antibacterial effect, anti-inflammatory effect, hypolipidemic and antiatherosclerotic effects, anti-osteoporosis effect, liver protection, treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM), anti-cancer effect, and may help prevent Alzheimer's disease, and so on...
May 14, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754189/consensus-on-best-practice-standards-for-fracture-liaison-service-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#16
Ding-Cheng Derrick Chan, Lo-Yu Chang, Kristina E Akesson, Paul Mitchell, Chung-Hwan Chen, E Michael Lewiecki, Joon Kiong Lee, Tang Ching Lau, Thawee Songpatanasilp, Kin Bong Lee, Kwang Joon Kim, Jung-Fu Chen, Ko-En Huang, Yih-Lan Gau, Yin-Fan Chang, Peter Ebeling, Weibo Xia, Wei Yu, Atsushi Suzuki, Fen Lee Hew, Leilani B Mercado-Asis, Yoon-Sok Chung, Keh-Sung Tsai, Gau-Tyan Lin, Rong-Sen Yang, Chih-Hsing Wu
The Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) Consensus Meeting endorsed by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), Asian Federation of Osteoporosis Societies (AFOS), and Asia Pacific Osteoporosis Foundation (APOF) was hosted by the Taiwanese Osteoporosis Association on October 14, 2017. International and domestic experts reviewed the 13 Best Practice Framework (BPF) standards and concluded that all standards were generally applicable in the Asia-Pacific region and needed only minor modifications to fit the healthcare settings in the region...
May 12, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754173/treating-age-related-diseases-with-somatic-stem-cells
#17
Robert W Brooks, Paul D Robbins
Life expectancy in the developed world has advanced beyond the number of years in which healthy tissue homeostasis can be maintained, and as a result, the number of persons with severe and debilitating chronic illnesses, including cancer, diabetes, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, neurodegenerative and cardiovascular disease has continued to rise. One of the key underlying causes for the loss in the ability to replenish damaged tissues is the qualitative and quantitative decline in somatic stem cell populations...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753705/spinal-cord-injury-how-could-acupuncture-help
#18
REVIEW
Qianqian Fan, Omer Cavus, Lize Xiong, Yun Xia
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide, and it can result in both permanent disability and serial complications in patients. Research shows that patients with SCI complications are often interested in acupuncture for symptomatic relief. Therefore, the issue of physicians advising their patients regarding the use of acupuncture to alleviate SCI complications becomes pertinent. We review and summarize two types of relevant publications: (1) literature concerning acupuncture for SCI and its complications and (2) underlying mechanisms of acupuncture therapy for SCI...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751644/protective-effects-of-selected-botanical-agents-on-bone
#19
REVIEW
James Jam Jolly, Kok-Yong Chin, Ekram Alias, Kien Hui Chua, Ima Nirwana Soelaiman
Osteoporosis is a serious health problem affecting more than 200 million elderly people worldwide. The early symptoms of this disease are hardly detectable. It causes progressive bone loss, which ultimately renders the patients susceptible to fractures. Osteoporosis must be prevented because the associated fragility fractures result in high morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. Many plants used in herbal medicine contain bioactive compounds possessing skeletal protective effects. This paper explores the anti-osteoporotic properties of selected herbal plants, including their actions on osteoblasts (bone forming cells), osteoclasts (bone resorbing cells), and bone remodelling...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748558/the-gastroenterologist-s-guide-to-management-of-the-post-liver-transplant-patient
#20
REVIEW
David M Chascsa, Hugo E Vargas
The management of the post-liver transplant patient is complex and involves a large interdisciplinary team. After referral to a transplant center, evaluation and listing, and eventual transplantation, the patient is cared for closely by the transplant center. Once deemed ready for discharge, the patient returns to the primary care provider for ongoing management of the various issues that increase in incidence post transplant such as osteoporosis, cardiovascular, and renal diseases, as well as metabolic syndrome...
May 11, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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