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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663379/phase-ib-ii-study-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-low-dose-decitabine-primed-chemo-immunotherapy-in-patients-with-drug-resistant-relapsed-refractory-alimentary-tract-cancer
#1
Meixia Chen, Jing Nie, Yang Liu, Xiang Li, Yan Zhang, Malcolm V Brock, Kaichao Feng, Zhiqiang Wu, Xiaolei Li, Lu Shi, Suxia Li, Mingzhou Guo, Qian Mei, Weidong Han
The pressing need for improved therapeutic outcomes provides a good rationale for identifying effective strategies for alimentary tract (AT) cancer treatment. The potential re-sensitivity property to chemo- and immunotherapy of low-dose decitabine has been evident both preclinically and in previous phase I trials. We conducted a phase Ib/II trial evaluating low-dose decitabine primed chemo-immunotherapy in patients with drug-resistant relapsed/refractory esophageal, gastric or colorectal cancers. Forty-five patients received either the 5-day decitabine treatment with subsequent re-administration of the previously resistant chemotherapy (decitabine primed chemotherapy, D-C cohort) or the aforementioned regimen followed by cytokine-induced killer cells therapy (decitabine primed chemotherapy and CIK treatment, D-C+CIK cohort) based on their treatment history...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566310/dc-cik-cells-derived-from-ovarian-cancer-patient-menstrual-blood-activate-the-tnfr1-ask1-aip1-pathway-to-kill-autologous-ovarian-cancer-stem-cells
#2
Wenxing Qin, Ying Xiong, Juan Chen, Yongyi Huang, Te Liu
Ovarian cancer stem cells (OCSCs) are highly carcinogenic and have very strong resistance to traditional chemotherapeutic drugs; therefore, they are an important factor in ovarian cancer metastasis and recurrence. It has been reported that dendritic cell (DC)-cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells have significant killing effects on all cancer cells across many systems including the blood, digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive systems. However, whether DC-CIK cells can selectively kill OCSCs is currently unclear...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562855/survival-benefit-from-rectronectin-activated-cytokine-induced-killer-cells-combined-with-chemotherapy-in-advanced-egfr-wild-type-lung-adenocarcinoma
#3
Lingdi Zhao, Wei Li, Zibing Wang, Yonghao Yang, Yong Zhang, Yiman Shang, Xiubao Ren, Quanli Gao
AIM: To investigate the efficacy of chemotherapy and RectroNectin-activated cytokine-induced killer (R-CIK) cell immunotherapy in patients with advanced EGFR wild-type lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Using data gathered from a single institution, 125 patients with stage IIIB or IV EGFR wild-type lung adenocarcinoma between January 2009 and June 2015 were identified and enrolled in this retrospective study. RESULTS: The disease control rates and median overall survival was better in R-CIK group compared with control group...
March 1, 2018: Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552145/novel-tlr7-agonist-stimulates-activity-of-cik-nk-immunological-effector-cells-to-enhance-antitumor-cytotoxicity
#4
Dong Gao, Yongguang Cai, Yanyuan Chen, Wang Li, Chih-Chang Wei, Xiaoling Luo, Yuhuan Wang
Toll-like receptor (TLR) 7/8 agonists have been applied in combination with chemo-, radio- or immunotherapy for lymphoma, and used as topical drugs for the treatment of viral skin lesions and skin tumors. In the present study, the role of an adenine analog, 9-(4-carboxyphenyl)-8-hydroxy-2-(2-methoxyethoxy)-adenine [termed Gao Dong (GD)], a novel TLR7 agonist, in the activation of cytokine-induced killer/natural killer (CIK/NK) cells was determined. The results of the present study indicated that GD was able to activate CIK/NK cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552119/microrna-374b-inhibits-liver-cancer-progression-via-down-regulating-programmed-cell-death-1-expression-on-cytokine-induced-killer-cells
#5
Fen Huang, Bo Wang, Jiangzheng Zeng, Shenggang Sang, Junhua Lei, Yanda Lu
Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) is an oncogene associated with suppressing proliferation and cytokine production of T cells in the progression of liver cancer. microRNAs (miRs) regulate gene expression via specific binding to the target 3'untranslated region of mRNA. In the present study, miR-374b was indicated to interact with PD-1 and affect the tumor-targeting capacity of cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells. miR-374b inhibitor significantly increased PD-1 expression in CIK cells. A synthetic small interfering (si)RNA targeting PD-1 was employed to silence the expression level of PD-1 in CIK cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511158/cytokine-induced-killer-cells-as-a-feasible-adoptive-immunotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-lung-cancer
#6
Dan Chen, Huanhuan Sha, Tianmu Hu, Shuchen Dong, Junying Zhang, Siwen Liu, Haixia Cao, Rong Ma, Yang Wu, Changwen Jing, Zhuo Wang, Jianzhong Wu, Jifeng Feng
Most of the patients with lung cancer are diagnosed at advanced stage, and they often lose the opportunity of surgical therapy, most of whom fail to reach good prognosis after chemotherapy. Recently, a few clinical studies have confirmed the role of adoptive T-cell transfer in the maintenance therapy of cancer patients. Here, we provided statistical insights into the role of CIKs in advanced lung cancer from three different levels, cell model (in vitro co-culture system), mice model (in situ lung cancer), and clinical research (in lung cancer patients of different progression stages)...
March 6, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461610/the-effect-of-dc-cik-combined-therapy-on-rat-liver-cancer-model-and-its-modulatory-effect-on-immune-functions
#7
W He, Z Huang, S Zhou, L Huang, B Wang, L Zhu, Y Ding, Y-L Yu, S Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Primary liver cancer is a sort of the most common solid tumors occurred in the digestive system. The incidence and mortality rate maintain at a high level, thus leading to heavy economic and psychological burdens for patients. Next-generation biological therapy, such as cellular immune treatment, improves the medicine efficacy. Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells can effectively clear residual tumor lesion and inhibit metastasis or recurrence. Dendritic cells (DCs) can specifically eliminate tumor cells via modulating cellular immune function of the host...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400599/a-prognosis-and-impact-factor-analysis-of-dc-cik-cell-therapy-for-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-undergoing-postoperative-tace
#8
Jian Zhang, Huizhong Li, Dazhi Gao, Baofu Zhang, Maojin Zheng, Mingyin Lun, Mengxue Wei, Rui Duan, Maomao Guo, Jiajun Hua, Qian Liu, Jin Bai, Hui Liu, Junnian Zheng, Hong Yao
Dendritic cell-cytokine-induced killer (DC-CIK) cell therapy has been experimentally implemented for enhancing anti-tumoral immunity in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing postoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (POTACE). We performed a retrospective study to evaluate the clinical efficacies of DC-CIK cell therapy and its correlations with several immune factors of the primary tumors. The overall survival time of HCC patients with HBV infection in the study group (POTACE plus DC-CIK cell therapy) was significantly longer than that of the control group (POTACE alone)...
February 5, 2018: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399145/lentiviral-delivery-of-ctla-4-shrna-improves-the-expansion-of-cytokine-induced-killer-cells-and-enhances-cytotoxic-activity-in-vitro
#9
Tao Rui, Xiangdong Cheng, Hao Wu, Fuwei Wang, Zaiyuan Ye, Guoqing Wu
Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells are in vitro-expanded cells harboring potent toxicity against tumor cells. Recently, it was identified that the cytotoxicity and proliferation of CIK cells are restricted by a prolonged CIK cell culture period. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) serves a negative role in T cell activation and proliferation. This study aims to determine whether CTLA-4 expression is associated with the inhibition of CIK cells. CIK cells were generated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and CTLA-4 shRNA (shCTLA-4) lentivirus was applied to knockdown CTLA-4 expression in CIK cells...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399130/clinical-value-of-pro-grp-and-t-lymphocyte-subpopulation-for-the-assessment-of-immune-functions-of-lung-cancer-patients-after-dc-cik-biological-therapy
#10
Lijie He, Jing Wang, Dandan Chang, Dandan Lv, Haina Li, Heping Zhang
The present study investigated the aptness of assessing the levels of progastrin-releasing peptide (Pro-GRP) in addition to the T lymphocyte subpopulation in lung cancer patients prior to and after therapy for determining immune function. A total of 45 patients with lung cancer were recruited and stratified in to a non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and an SCLC group. Prior to and after treatment by combined biological therapy comprising chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy followed by three cycles of retransformation of autologous dendritic cells-cytokine-induced killer cells (DC-CIK), the peripheral blood was assessed for populations of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and regulatory T cells (Treg) by flow cytometry, and for the levels of pro-GRP, carcinoembryonic antigen, neuron-specific enolase and Cyfra 21-1...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370095/innovative-clinical-perspectives-for-cik-cells-in-cancer-patients
#11
REVIEW
Martino Introna, Fabio Correnti
Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells are T lymphocytes that have acquired, in vitro, following extensive manipulation by Interferon gamma (IFN-γ), OKT3 and Interleukin 2 (IL-2) addition, the expression of several Natural Killer (NK) cell-surface markers. CIK cells have a dual "nature", due to the presence of functional TCR as well as NK molecules, even if the antitumoral activity can be traced back only to the NK-like structures (DNAM-1, NKG2D, NKp30 and CD56). In addition to antineoplastic activity in vitro and in several in-vivo models, CIK cells show very limited, if any, GvHD toxicity as well as a strong intratumoral homing...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356308/high-number-of-pd-1-positive-intratumoural-lymphocytes-predicts-survival-benefit-of-cytokine-induced-killer-cells-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients
#12
Boyang Chang, Lujun Shen, Kefeng Wang, Jietian Jin, Tao Huang, Qifeng Chen, Wang Li, Peihong Wu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Adjuvant cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells treatment has shown potential in reducing the recurrence rate and prolonging the survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We aimed to identify the best predictive biomarker for adjuvant CIK cells treatment in patients with HCC after curative resection. METHODS: This study retrospectively included 145 pairs of HCC patients by one-to-one propensity score matching. One group received CIK cells transfusion after surgery (surgery-CIK group); the other one group underwent surgery only (surgery-only group)...
January 22, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344236/alterations-in-expression-levels-of-genes-in-p53-related-pathways-determined-using-rna-seq-analysis-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-following-cik-therapy
#13
Zuowei Hu, Xiaoye Zhang, Hang Yang, Shuanglai Qin, Yaqi Liu, Wei Xiong, Bing Yuan, Liping Li, Weiqi Yao, Dongcheng Wu
The present study aimed at investigating the underlying molecular mechanisms for patients following cytokine-induced killer (CIK) therapy, particularly involving the alterations in p53-associated signaling pathways, to elucidate whether CIK therapy serves a function in cancer treatment. Samples of blood were collected from patients with breast cancer prior to and following CIK therapy. Two group samples were used for RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) to determine the alterations in gene expression levels following CIK therapy and one for the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), to analyze the reliability of RNA-Seq results...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247502/immunotherapy-excluding-checkpoint-inhibitors-for-stage-i-to-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-treated-with-surgery-or-radiotherapy-with-curative-intent
#14
REVIEW
Jianwei Zhu, Rui Li, Eva Tiselius, Raheleh Roudi, Olivia Teghararian, Chen Suo, Huan Song
BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common lung cancer, accounting for approximately 80% to 85% of all cases. For patients with localised NSCLC (stages I to III), it has been speculated that immunotherapy may be helpful for reducing postoperative recurrence rates, or improving the clinical outcomes of current treatment for unresectable tumours. While several new agents have now entered phase III clinical trials, we felt a systematic review was needed to address the question of the effectiveness and safety of immunotherapy in patients with stages I to III NSCLC...
December 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184163/all-trans-retinoic-acid-enhances-cytotoxicity-of-cik-cells-against-human-lung-adenocarcinoma-by-upregulating-mica-and-il-2-secretion
#15
Xiao-Yan Fan, Peng-Yu Wang, Chao Zhang, Yu-Long Zhang, Yun Fu, Cong Zhang, Qiao-Xia Li, Jie-Na Zhou, Bao-En Shan, Dong-Wei He
To determine the growth inhibition capability of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) with cytokine-induced killer cells (CIKs), we evaluated their effects, alone and in combination, on human lung carcinoma A549 cells. CIKs treated with ATRA significantly inhibited cell growth. Additionally, CIK with ATRA synergistically inhibited migration and invasiveness, colony formation of A549 and NCI-H520 cells. Furthermore, analysis of apoptosis markers Bcl-2, Bax, Survivin and cleaved Caspase-3 showed that Bcl-2 and Survivin mRNA levels significantly decreased, and that Bax mRNA significantly increased, in the CIK + ATRA-treated cells, with corresponding effects on their respective proteins...
November 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181186/enhanced-antitumor-effects-and-improved-immune-status-of-dendritic-cell-and-cytokine-induced-killer-cell-infusion-in-advanced-cancer-patients
#16
Feng Chen, Menghan Yang, Qingkun Song, Jiangping Wu, Xiaoli Wang, Xinna Zhou, Yanhua Yuan, Yuguang Song, Ni Jiang, Yanjie Zhao, Lei Zhou, Jun Ren
Little progress has been made in the treatment of advanced cancer. Dendritic cells (DCs) plus cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells have exhibited antitumor effects. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of DC-CIK cell treatment in patients with advanced cancer. A paired study including 57 patients treated with DC-CIK cells (DC-CIK group) and 33 patients treated with best supportive care alone (BSC group) was performed. The patients in the DC-CIK group were matched to those in the control group in terms of sex, age, tumor type and clinical stage...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180849/adjuvant-immunotherapy-of-dendritic-cells-and-cytokine-induced-killer-cells-is-safe-and-enhances-chemotherapy-efficacy-for-multiple-myeloma-in-china-a-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#17
Yan Wang, Benji Lv, Ke Li, Anqi Zhang, Hong Liu
Objective: The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of dendritic cells and cytokine-induced killer cells (DC-CIK) adjuvant immunotherapy and chemotherapy in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). Methods: Clinical trials were gathered by searching Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Wanfang, and CNKI database. Outcome measurements including therapeutic efficacy, prognosis, immune function, and adverse events were extracted and evaluated...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179719/effect-of-dendritic-cell-cytokine-induced-killer-cells-in-patients-with-advanced-colorectal-cancer-combined-with-first-line-treatment
#18
Yunqing Xie, Lijie Huang, Luchuan Chen, Xiaowei Lin, Li Chen, Qiuhong Zheng
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection combined with adjuvant chemotherapy is considered as the gold-standard treatment for advanced colorectal cancer patients. These patients have a poor 5-year survival rate of 5% or less. Furthermore, a large dose of chemotherapy can produce adverse side effects and severe toxicity. Therefore, this retrospective study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of dendritic cell-cytokine-induced killer (DC-CIK) cell infusion as an adjuvant therapy in patients with advanced colorectal cancer combined with first-line treatment...
November 28, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163711/identification-of-a-protein-associated-with-the-activity-of-cytokine-induced-killer-cells
#19
Jingsong Cao, Cong Chen, Yongqiang Gao, Li Hu, Yu Liang, Jianhua Xiao
Cytokine-induced killer cells (CIKs) adoptive immunotherapy for efficient antitumor ability is used clinically, but details regarding the proteins associated with CIK activity remain unclear. In the current study, the cytotoxicity of CIKs on hepatoma was identified to be significantly downregulated by 1.61-fold following gentamincin treatment. Further research revealed that a differentially expressed protein (P43) was significantly downregulated by 1.22-fold using one-dimensional gel electrophoresis analysis...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158802/cytokine-induced-killer-cells-modulates-resistance-to-cisplatin-in-the-a549-ddp-cell-line
#20
Lili Yang, Chunjuan Du, Lei Wu, Jinpu Yu, Xiumei An, Wenwen Yu, Shui Cao, Hui Li, Xiubao Ren
Background Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells can potentially enhance the tumor-killing activity of chemotherapy. Objective This study aimed to evaluate the effects of CIK cells on cisplatin (DDP) resistance in the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549/DDP. Methods The detect resistance index, drug resistance related-genes and cytokine secretion of A549/DDP co-cultured with CIK cells were assayed in vitro . Results After A549/DDP co-culture with CIK cells, the DDP resistance of A549/DDP significantly decreased in a time-dependent manner...
2017: Journal of Cancer
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