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cyclophosphamide infertility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559879/polyarteritis-nodosa-in-pregnancy
#1
Laura Damian, Cristina Pamfil, Marius Fodor, Liliana Rogojan, Natalia Hagau, Simona Rednic
Background: Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a rare disease that occurs predominantly in middle-aged males; its onset during pregnancy is exceptional. Case Report: We present a case of PAN with peripartum onset in a patient with a twin pregnancy after ovarian stimulation for primary infertility. The pregnancy outcome was good in terms of the children's health. In the case of the mother, however, the presence of nonspecific signs and symptoms, a noncontributory ovarian biopsy, and mimics of a puerperal infection delayed the diagnosis of PAN...
2018: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526766/novel-hghrh-homodimer-promotes-fertility-of-female-infertile-hamster-by-up-regulating-ovarian-ghrh-receptor-without-triggering-gh-secretion
#2
Juan-Hui Zhang, Xu-Dong Zhang, Lin-Na Yue, Xiao-Yuan Guo, Jing-Xuan Tang, Li-Rong Guo, Yun Li, Song-Shan Tang
Extra-hypothalamic growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) plays an important role in infertility. The female infertility models were formed by intraperitoneally injecting cyclophosphamide in 5-week-old Chinese hamster once in a week for 5 weeks. All the models mated with healthy male hamster in the ratio of 1:1 in the experimental 6-8th week and the couples were separated to breed in the 9-10th week. 20 mg/kg of cyclophosphamide induced temporary interference of reproduction and did not cause significant difference in the weight of body, bilateral ovaries, or liver...
March 8, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500075/-immunosuppressive-therapy-and-fertility-preservation-indications-and-methods
#3
C Choux, M Cavalieri, J Barberet, M Samson, B Bonnotte, P Fauque, P Sagot
Fertility preservation is routinely performed in cancerology but less systematically used in the field of immune diseases, even though the use of gonadotoxic treatments in young patients may be required and even though the disease itself can alter fertility. This review aimed to clarify the indications and methods of fertility preservation in this context. Cyclophosphamide is the only immunosuppressive drug requiring fertility preservation in women. In men, fertility preservation should be proposed before treatment with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil or mTOR inhibitors...
February 27, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296723/atg-vs-thiotepa-with-busulfan-and-cyclophosphamide-in-matched-related-bone-marrow-transplantation-for-thalassemia
#4
Lawrence Faulkner, Cornelio Uderzo, Sadaf Khalid, Priya Marwah, Rajpreet Soni, Naila Yaqub, Samina Amanat, Itrat Fatima, Sarah Khan Gilani, Tatheer Zahra, Stalin Ramprakash, Lallindra Gooneratne, Ruwangi Dissanayake, Senani Williams, Wasantha Rathnayake, Reshma Srinivas, Amit Sedai, Ankita Kumari, Lailith Parmar, Rakesh Dhanya, Rajat Kumar Agarwal
Matched-related bone marrow transplantation (BMT) may cure >80% of low-risk children with severe thalassemia (ST). Very long-term follow-up studies have shown how the standard busulfan-cyclophosphamide (BuCy) regimen may be associated with normalization of health-related quality of life, no second malignancies in the absence of chronic graft-versus-host disease, and fertility preservation in many patients. However, because BuCy may be associated with high rejection rates, some centers incorporate thiotepa (Tt) in busulfan- or treosulfan-based regimens, a combination that may increase the risk of permanent infertility...
May 23, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202124/combined-protective-effect-of-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-and-melatonin-on-cyclophosphamide-induced-toxicity-in-testicular-histology-and-sperm-parameters-in-adult-wistar-rats
#5
Fereshte Torabi, Majid Malekzadeh Shafaroudi, Nourollah Rezaei
Background: Cyclophosphamide (CP) has been known as an anticancer drug with several side effects on various organs such as a male reproductive system that can cause infertility. Objective: To evaluate the possible combined effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZno) and melatonin (Mel) on sperm parameters and histopathological changes of the testis in CP-treated rats. Materials and Methods: 42 adult male Wistar rats were divided into six groups...
July 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201630/avoidance-of-harm-from-treatment-for-anca-associated-vasculitis
#6
REVIEW
Catherine King, Lorraine Harper
Purpose of review With established immunosuppressant treatment regimens for anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibody-associated vasculitides (AAV), prognosis has significantly improved. The mainstay of treatment still comprises high-dose corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide for severe forms, although rituximab is being increasingly utilised instead of cyclophosphamide as induction therapy. AAV patients experience an excess of infections, malignancies and cardiovascular events as compared to the general population, which is a combination of the systemic inflammatory process associated with vasculitis and the adverse events from treatment...
2017: Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024988/low-dose-metronomic-delivery-of-cyclophosphamide-is-less-detrimental-to-granulosa-cell-viability-ovarian-function-and-fertility-than-maximum-tolerated-dose-delivery-in-the-mouse
#7
Jacqueline Dynes, Kata Osz, Allyssa Hooper, Jim Petrik
Chemotherapy can cause early menopause or infertility in women and have a profound negative impact on the quality of life of young female cancer survivors. Various factors are known to influence the risk of chemotherapy-induced ovarian failure, including the drug dose and treatment duration; however, the scheduling of dose administration has not yet been evaluated as an independent risk factor. We hypothesized that low-dose metronomic (LDM) chemotherapy scheduling would be less detrimental to ovarian function than the traditional maximum tolerated dose (MTD) strategy...
September 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955058/predictive-accuracy-of-anti-mullerian-hormone-as-indicator-of-ovarian-follicle-loss-in-cyclophosphamide-treated-mice
#8
Zehra Jamil, Khalida Perveen, Rabia Malik, Lubna Avesi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the strength of anti-mullerian hormone in reflecting the stages of ovarian toxicity-induced by cyclophosphamide. METHODS: This study was conducted in December 2014 and comprised female mice that were divided into four groups: group A served as control, group B received three weekly injections of cyclophosphamide, group C was co administered alpha-tocopherol along with cyclophosphamide, while group D solely received alpha-tocopherol. The ovaries were evaluated for follicular dynamics, and anti-mullerian hormone was assessed using mouse enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680137/sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-rheumatic-disease
#9
REVIEW
Monika Østensen
Family size is reduced among patients with rheumatic diseases. The causes for the low number of children are multifactorial and include impaired sexual function, decreased gonadal function, pregnancy loss, therapy and personal choices. Sexuality contributes to quality of life in patients with rheumatic disease, but is often ignored by health professionals. Both disease-related factors and psychological responses to chronic disease can impair sexual functioning. Toxic effects of anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs can induce transient or permanent gonadal failure in women and men...
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548706/45-gy-is-not-sufficient-radiotherapy-dose-for-group-iii-orbital-embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma-after-less-than-complete-response-to-12-weeks-of-arst0331-chemotherapy-a-report-from-the-soft-tissue-sarcoma-committee-of-the-children-s-oncology-group
#10
Ralph P Ermoian, John Breneman, David O Walterhouse, Yueh-Yun Chi, Jane Meza, James Anderson, Douglas S Hawkins, Andrea A Hayes-Jordan, David M Parham, Torunn I Yock, Sarah S Donaldson, Suzanne L Wolden
BACKGROUND: Recent Children's Oncology Group (COG) trials tested the efficacy of reduced therapy in an effort to lessen late effects compared to the Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study (IRS) IV regimen with associated hematologic and hepatic toxicity, and infertility. Here, we analyze the efficacy of 45 Gray (Gy) local radiotherapy (RT) in patients with Group III orbital embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS) enrolled on the COG low-risk study ARST0331. PROCEDURE: Sixty-two patients with Group III orbital ERMS were treated on ARST0331 with four cycles of vincristine (VCR), dactinomycin (DACT), and cyclophosphamide (CPM; VAC, total cumulative CPM dose 4...
September 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541603/comparison-of-first-line-chemotherapy-including-escalated-beacopp-versus-chemotherapy-including-abvd-for-people-with-early-unfavourable-or-advanced-stage-hodgkin-lymphoma
#11
REVIEW
Nicole Skoetz, Andrea Will, Ina Monsef, Corinne Brillant, Andreas Engert, Bastian von Tresckow
BACKGROUND: There are two different international standards for the treatment of early unfavourable and advanced stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL): chemotherapy with escalated BEACOPP (bleomycin/etoposide/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide/vincristine/procarbazine/prednisone) regimen and chemotherapy with ABVD (doxorubicin/bleomycin/vinblastine/dacarbazine) regimen. OBJECTIVES: To determine the advantages and disadvantages of chemotherapy including escalated BEACOPP compared to chemotherapy including ABVD in the treatment of early unfavourable or advanced stage HL as first-line treatment...
May 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270607/mtorc1-2-inhibition-preserves-ovarian-function-and-fertility-during-genotoxic-chemotherapy
#12
Kara N Goldman, Devon Chenette, Rezina Arju, Francesca E Duncan, David L Keefe, Jamie A Grifo, Robert J Schneider
The ovary contains oocytes within immature (primordial) follicles that are fixed in number at birth. Activation of follicles within this fixed pool causes an irreversible decline in reproductive capacity, known as the ovarian reserve, until menopause. Premenopausal women undergoing commonly used genotoxic (DNA-damaging) chemotherapy experience an accelerated loss of the ovarian reserve, leading to subfertility and infertility. Therefore, there is considerable interest but little effective progress in preserving ovarian function during chemotherapy...
March 21, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089975/in-vitro-fertilization-in-37-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-or-antiphospholipid-syndrome-a-series-of-97-procedures
#13
Pauline Orquevaux, Agathe Masseau, Véronique Le Guern, Vanessa Gayet, Danièle Vauthier, Gaelle Guettrot-Imbert, Du Le Thi Huong, Bertrand Wechsler, Nathalie Morel, Patrice Cacoub, Jean-Loup Pennaforte, Jean-Charles Piette, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau
OBJECTIVE: To compile and assess data about complication and success rates for in vitro fertilization (IVF) of women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and/or antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). To date, such data are sparse. METHODS: This retrospective study described women with SLE and/or APS who have had at least 1 IVF cycle. RESULTS: Thirty-seven women with SLE (n = 23, including 8 with antiphospholipid antibodies), SLE with APS (n = 4), or primary APS (n = 10) underwent 97 IVF procedures...
May 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019118/the-mechanisms-of-cyclophosphamide-induced-testicular-toxicity-and-the-protective-agents
#14
REVIEW
Emad Ghobadi, Milad Moloudizargari, Mohammad Hossein Asghari, Mohammad Abdollahi
Cyclophosphamide (CP) is an alkylating antineoplastic agent with known toxicity to the male reproductive system. Areas covered: This review summarizes the known mechanisms by which CP exerts its toxic effects on the male reproductive system and the methods utilized to prevent such effects so that it could be further investigated and applied in clinical use. Keywords including ['Cyclophosphamide' AND 'male reproductive' OR' sperm toxicity' OR 'spermatotoxicity' OR 'infertility] were searched through Google Scholar, PubMed and Scopus databases based on PRISMA guidelines...
May 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818600/cyclophosphamide-associated-enteritis-a-rare-association-with-severe-enteritis
#15
Linda S Yang, Karla Cameron, Tim Papaluca, Chamara Basnayake, Louise Jackett, Penelope McKelvie, David Goodman, Barbara Demediuk, Sally J Bell, Alexander J Thompson
Cyclophosphamide is a potent cytotoxic agent used in many clinical settings. The main risks of cyclophosphamide therapy include hematological disorders, infertility, hemorrhagic cystitis and malignancies. Gastrointestinal side effects reported to date are often non-specific and not severe. We present the first case of a fatal small bowel enteritis and pan-colitis which appears to be associated with cyclophosphamide. We aim to raise the readers' awareness of this significant adverse event to facilitate clinical suspicion and early recognition in potential future cases...
October 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591327/pro-the-use-of-calcineurin-inhibitors-in-the-treatment-of-lupus-nephritis
#16
Chi Chiu Mok
Renal disease in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) carries significant morbidity and mortality. Cyclophosphamide (CYC)- and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)-based induction regimens are not ideal in terms of efficacy and toxicity. The adverse effects of CYC, such as infection risk, infertility, urotoxicity and oncogenicity, limit its use in lupus nephritis. Although MMF is non-inferior to CYC as induction therapy and has reduced gonadal toxicity and oncogenic potential, meta-analyses of clinical trials do not show a lower rate of infective and gastrointestinal complications...
October 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522225/long-term-follow-up-of-fertility-and-pregnancy-in-autoimmune-diseases-after-autologous-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#17
G Massenkeil, T Alexander, O Rosen, B Dörken, G Burmester, A Radbruch, F Hiepe, R Arnold
Issues of fertility and pregnancy require special attention in the long-term care of patients with autoimmune diseases (AD), who are candidates for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). In this single-centre observational study, we report fertility status and pregnancy outcomes in 15 patients (11 female and 4 male) after immunoablation with cyclophosphamide, antithymocyte globulin and autologous CD34(+)-selected HSCT for severe, refractory AD. The median follow-up after HSCT was 12 years (range 2-16 years)...
November 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521770/fertility-counseling-and-preservation-practices-in-youth-with-lupus-and-vasculitis-undergoing-gonadotoxic-therapy
#18
Leena Nahata, Vidya Sivaraman, Gwendolyn P Quinn
OBJECTIVE: To assess fertility counseling and preservation practices among children, adolescents, and young adults with rheumatic diseases undergoing cyclophosphamide (CTX) treatment. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review (2006-2016). SETTING: Academic pediatric center. PATIENT(S): Male and female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, Wegener's granulomatosis/granulomatosis with polyangiitis, or other vaculitides, receiving CTX treatment...
November 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448503/ovario-protective-effects-of-genistein-against-cyclophosphamide-toxicity-in-rats-role-of-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-and-oestradiol
#19
Dalia O Saleh, Dina F Mansour
Cyclophosphamide (CP), the commonly used chemotherapeutic agent in cancer treatment, is proven to cause ovarian toxicity and infertility in women. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of genistein (GEN), a phytoestrogen found in the soy protein, against CP-induced ovarian toxicity in rats. Forty female adult rats were allocated into five groups. A normal control group received the vehicle; another group was injected with a single acute intraperitoneal dose of CP (200mg/kg). Three other groups were pretreated with GEN (0...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281708/zinc-transport-differs-in-rat-spermatogenic-cell-types-and-is-affected-by-treatment-with-cyclophosphamide
#20
Anne Marie Downey, Barbara F Hales, Bernard Robaire
Adequate zinc levels are required for proper cellular functions and for male germ cell development. Zinc transport is accomplished by two families of zinc transporters, the ZIPs and the ZnTs, that increase and decrease cytosolic zinc levels, respectively. However, very little is known about zinc transport in the testis. Furthermore, whether cytotoxic agents such as cyclophosphamide (CPA), a known male germ cell toxicant, can affect zinc transport and homeostasis is unknown. We examined zinc transporter expression and zinc transport in pachytene spermatocytes (PS) and round spermatids (RS) in a normal state and after exposure to CPA...
July 2016: Biology of Reproduction
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