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cyclophosphamide infertility

Chi Chiu Mok
Renal disease in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) carries significant morbidity and mortality. Cyclophosphamide (CYC)- and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)-based induction regimens are not ideal in terms of efficacy and toxicity. The adverse effects of CYC, such as infection risk, infertility, urotoxicity and oncogenicity, limit its use in lupus nephritis. Although MMF is non-inferior to CYC as induction therapy and has reduced gonadal toxicity and oncogenic potential, meta-analyses of clinical trials do not show a lower rate of infective and gastrointestinal complications...
October 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
G Massenkeil, T Alexander, O Rosen, B Dörken, G Burmester, A Radbruch, F Hiepe, R Arnold
Issues of fertility and pregnancy require special attention in the long-term care of patients with autoimmune diseases (AD), who are candidates for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). In this single-centre observational study, we report fertility status and pregnancy outcomes in 15 patients (11 female and 4 male) after immunoablation with cyclophosphamide, antithymocyte globulin and autologous CD34(+)-selected HSCT for severe, refractory AD. The median follow-up after HSCT was 12 years (range 2-16 years)...
November 2016: Rheumatology International
Leena Nahata, Vidya Sivaraman, Gwendolyn P Quinn
OBJECTIVE: To assess fertility counseling and preservation practices among children, adolescents, and young adults with rheumatic diseases undergoing cyclophosphamide (CTX) treatment. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review (2006-2016). SETTING: Academic pediatric center. PATIENT(S): Male and female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, Wegener's granulomatosis/granulomatosis with polyangiitis, or other vaculitides, receiving CTX treatment...
August 10, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Dalia O Saleh, Dina F Mansour
Cyclophosphamide (CP), the commonly used chemotherapeutic agent in cancer treatment, is proven to cause ovarian toxicity and infertility in women. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of genistein (GEN), a phytoestrogen found in the soy protein, against CP-induced ovarian toxicity in rats. Forty female adult rats were allocated into five groups. A normal control group received the vehicle; another group was injected with a single acute intraperitoneal dose of CP (200mg/kg). Three other groups were pretreated with GEN (0...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Anne Marie Downey, Barbara F Hales, Bernard Robaire
Adequate zinc levels are required for proper cellular functions and for male germ cell development. Zinc transport is accomplished by two families of zinc transporters, the ZIPs and the ZnTs, that increase and decrease cytosolic zinc levels, respectively. However, very little is known about zinc transport in the testis. Furthermore, whether cytotoxic agents such as cyclophosphamide (CPA), a known male germ cell toxicant, can affect zinc transport and homeostasis is unknown. We examined zinc transporter expression and zinc transport in pachytene spermatocytes (PS) and round spermatids (RS) in a normal state and after exposure to CPA...
July 2016: Biology of Reproduction
Xiu-Ying Chen, He-Xia Xia, Hai-Yun Guan, Bin Li, Wei Zhang
With increasing numbers of young female cancer survivors following chemotherapy, chemotherapy-induced fertility loss must be considered. Menstrual disorder and infertility are of particular concern in female cancer patients. We showed that treatment with the alkylating agent cyclophosphamide (CTX) could cause severe primordial follicle loss and growing follicle apoptosis, resulting in loss of ovarian reserve. SPF C57BL/6 female mice were treated with a single dose of 120 mg/kg of CTX or saline as a control, and both sides of ovaries were collected three or seven days after injection...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Chi Chiu Mok
Kidney involvement is a major determinant for morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. The treatment target of lupus renal disease is to induce and maintain remission and to minimize disease or treatment-related comorbidities. Cyclophosphamide (CYC), in conjunction with glucocorticoids, has conventionally been used for the initial treatment of lupus nephritis. However, the major concerns of CYC are its toxicities, such as infertility, urotoxicity and oncogenicity, which are particularly relevant in women of childbearing age...
July 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Te Liu, Qiong Li, Suwei Wang, Chuan Chen, Jin Zheng
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a common cause of female infertility, for which there are currently no ideal treatments or medications. Furthermore, apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells (OGCs) is an important mechanism underlying the decline in ovarian reserve and function. In the present study, several cellular growth factors and hormones were used to induce the differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) into ovarian granulosa‑like cells (OGLCs) in vitro. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that OGLCs derived from iPSCs strongly expressed granulosa cell markers, including anti‑Müllerian hormone, inhibin α, inhibin β and follicle‑stimulating hormone receptor, but did not express stem cell markers, including octamer‑binding transcription factor 4, SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 2, Nanog and stage-specific embryonic antigen-4 12 days post‑induction...
June 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Hirofumi Nakano, Masahiro Ashizawa, Yu Akahoshi, Tomotaka Ugai, Hidenori Wada, Ryoko Yamasaki, Yuko Ishihara, Koji Kawamura, Kana Sakamoto, Miki Sato, Kiriko Terasako-Saito, Shun-Ichi Kimura, Misato Kikuchi, Hideki Nakasone, Shinichi Kako, Junya Kanda, Rie Yamazaki, Aki Tanihara, Junji Nishida, Yoshinobu Kanda
Conditioning regimens that include cyclophosphamide (CY) and total body irradiation (TBI) induce severe gonadal toxicity and permanent infertility in approximately 90 % of female patients who undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, the use of ovarian shielding or non-myeloablative regimens may preserve ovarian function. To evaluate the ovarian reserve, serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels were retrospectively measured in 11 female HSCT recipients aged less than 40 years, including seven with acute leukemia (AL) and four with aplastic anemia (AA), who received a myeloablative conditioning regimen with ovarian shielding or a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen...
July 2016: International Journal of Hematology
Dan Song, Yun Zhong, Chunfeng Qian, Qinyan Zou, Jian Ou, Yichao Shi, Liang Gao, Gaigai Wang, Zhenxing Liu, Haibo Li, Hailei Ding, Huihua Wu, Fuxin Wang, Jing Wang, Hong Li
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is one of the most common causes of infertility in women. In our present study, we established cyclophosphamide- (CTX-) induced POF rat model and elucidated its effect on ovarian function. We detected the serum estrogen, follicle stimulating hormone, and anti-Müllerian hormone of mice models by ELISA and evaluated their folliculogenesis by histopathology examination. Our study revealed that CTX administration could severely disturb hormone secretion and influence folliculogenesis in rat...
2016: BioMed Research International
Hajime Hosoi
This article reviews the current status of treatment for children with rhabdomyosarcoma, according to the four risk groups. Low-risk subgroup A: the Children's Oncology Group in the USA recently performed a clinical trial consisting of a chemotherapy regimen with a shortened treatment period and a reduced drug dosage. Patients in this group received only four cycles of vincristine and actinomycin D (VA) after four cycles of vincristine, actinomycin D, and cyclophosphamide (VAC) with cyclophosphamide (CPM) 1...
February 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Do Rim Kim, Hyu Young Kim, Ha Young Kim, Mun Seog Chang, Seong Kyu Park
Genetic defects during spermatogenesis can lead to a reduction in sperm motility and cause male infertility. The cation channels of sperm (CatSper) play a role in the regulation of hyperactivated sperm motility in mouse testes. The effect of Trigonellae Semen (TS) on the male reproductive system and CatSper protein in mouse testes during spermatogenesis was examined. C57BL/c mice were divided into the following five groups: normal, cyclophosphamide- (CP-) only treated (control group), and three groups treated with varying concentrations of TS with CP (100, 500, and 1000 mg/kg TS and 100 mg/kg CP)...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Bin Zhu, Yan-fei Zheng, Yue-ying Zhang, Yun-song Cao, Lei Zhang, Xin-gang Li, Teng Liu, Zhao-zhu Jiao, Qi Wang, Zhi-gang Zhao
Cyclophosphamide (CP) is a widely used anti-cancer agent; however, it can also induce serious male infertility. There are currently no effective drugs to alleviate this side-effect. L-Carnitine has been used to treat male infertility, but whether it can be used to protect against CP-induced male infertility is still unclear. This study aims to explore the effect and mechanism of L-carnitine in male infertility induced by CP. CP was used to establish an animal model. After three weeks of treatment, rats were sacrificed and testis and serum were harvested for further evaluation...
September 2015: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
J Meissner, D Tichy, V Katzke, T Kühn, S Dietrich, T Schmitt, M Ziepert, E Kuhnt, T Rixecker, M Zorn, M Witzens-Harig, M Pfreundschuh, A D Ho
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-associated ovarian damage comprises not only infertility, but also premature menopause. The latter has been reported as a consequence of alkylating chemotherapy for breast cancer or Hodgkin's lymphoma. In this study, we assessed the long-term impact of CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone)-like regimens on ovarian function in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Long-term survivors after CHOP or CHOP plus etoposide (CHOEP) treatment within the Mabthera International Trial or the NHL-B1 trial of the German NHL Study Group were requested to respond to a questionnaire and to consent to blood sampling for hormone assessment...
August 2015: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Naglaa Fathi Khedr
Cyclophosphamide (CP) causes infertility due to ovarian toxicity. The toxicity mechanism suggests oxidative stress. We assessed whether mirtazapine (MTZ) and hesperidin (HSP) could promote ovarian protection against damage due to CP chemotherapy. Female Wistar rats aged 14 weeks were used. Animals were divided into four groups: control vehicle group (n = 8); CP group (n = 8, rats received 150 mg/kg of CP, single intraperitoneal [i.p.] injection); CP + MTZ group (n = 8, rats received same dose of CP + 30 mg/kg of MTZ, orally, daily); and HSP + CP group (n = 8, rats received same dose of CP + 100 mg/kg of HSP, orally, daily)...
December 2015: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Ozgur Oktem, Yılmaz Guzel, Senai Aksoy, Elvin Aydin, Bulent Urman
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune systemic disease that mainly affects women of reproductive age. Emerging data from recent molecular studies show us that estrogen hormone plays a central role in the development of this disease. By acting via its cognate receptors ERα and ERβ expressed on immune cells, estrogen can modulate immune function in both the innate and adaptive immune responses. Interestingly, estrogen may also evoke autoimmune responses after binding to B lymphocytes leading to the generation of high-affinity autoantibodies and proinflammatory cytokines (so-called estrogen-induced autoimmunity)...
March 2015: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Yue Jia, Aikoui Ohanyan, Yan-He Lue, Ronald S Swerdloff, Peter Y Liu, Pinchas Cohen, Christina Wang
Human (HN) prevents stress-induced apoptosis in many cells/tissues. In this study we showed that HN ameliorated chemotherapy [cyclophosphamide (CP) and Doxorubicin (DOX)]-induced male germ cell apoptosis both ex vivo in seminiferous tubule cultures and in vivo in the testis. HN acts by several putative mechanisms via binding to: an IL-12 like trimeric membrane receptor; BAX; or insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3, a proapoptotic factor). To understand the mechanisms of HN on male germ cell apoptosis, we studied five HN analogues including: HNG (HN-S14G, a potent agonist), HNG-F6A (no binding to IGFBP-3), HN-S7A (no self-dimerization), HN-C8P (no binding to BAX), and HN-L12A (a HN antagonist) on CP-induced male germ cell apoptosis in mice...
April 2015: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
H S Saleh, E Omar, G R A Froemming, R M Said
INTRODUCTION: Cyclophosphamide (CPA) chemotherapy leads to ovarian failure and infertility. Tocotrienol (T3) is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. The role of T3 in ovarian protection throughout chemotherapy remains unclear. AIM: To investigate the role of T3 in the preservation of female fertility in CPA treatment. METHOD: Sixty female mice were divided into five treatment groups, namely, normal saline, corn oil only, T3 only, CPA and CPA + T3...
October 2015: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Limy Wong, Lorraine Harper, Mark A Little
Antineutrophil cytoplasm antibody associated systemic vasculitides (AASV) have traditionally been managed with a combination of cyclophosphamide and glucocorticoids during the induction phase, followed by azathioprine in the maintenance phase. Whilst these therapies have markedly improved the prognosis in AASV, treatment related adverse events remain a major challenge and include complications such as infection, glucocorticoid related side effects, malignancy, cardiovascular disease, infertility and death. Newer biologic therapies have been shown to demonstrate equivalent efficacy as cyclophosphamide for remission but the hoped for reduction in adverse events has yet to be realised...
April 2015: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Jiro Inagaki, Reiji Fukano, Koichiro Kurauchi, Maiko Noguchi, Shinji Tanioka, Jun Okamura
Refractory cytopenia of childhood (RCC) is the most common subtype of myelodysplastic syndrome in children, and the clinical course of RCC is heterogeneous. A certain proportion of RCC patients need allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT); however, data on HSCT outcomes are not abundant, and the optimal intensity of a preparative conditioning regimen remains uncertain. In this study, we evaluated the outcomes of HSCT in 24 patients with RCC. Eleven patients received myeloablative conditioning (MAC) consisting of high-dose cytarabine, cyclophosphamide, and either total body irradiation (TBI) or busulfan...
March 2015: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
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