Read by QxMD icon Read


Ola Ekholm, Knud Juel, Lars Ole Bonde
AIMS: To examine the associations between singing/playing musical instruments daily and various outcomes such as health-related quality of life and health behaviour. METHODS: Data originates from the Danish Health and Morbidity Survey 2013. The survey was based on a random sample of 25,000 adult Danes (response rate: 57%). Besides standard health-related questions the survey included eight specific music questions, based on a review of the sparse literature on music and health...
August 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Beth Rachlis, Giorgos Bakoyannis, Philippa Easterbrook, Becky Genberg, Ronald Scott Braithwaite, Craig R Cohen, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Andrew Kambugu, Mwebesa Bosco Bwana, Geoffrey R Somi, Elvin H Geng, Beverly Musick, Constantin T Yiannoutsos, Kara Wools-Kaloustian, Paula Braitstein
Losses to follow-up (LTFU) remain an important programmatic challenge. While numerous patient-level factors have been associated with LTFU, less is known about facility-level factors. Data from the East African International epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS (EA-IeDEA) Consortium was used to identify facility-level factors associated with LTFU in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Patients were defined as LTFU if they had no visit within 12 months of the study endpoint for pre-ART patients or 6 months for patients on ART...
2016: PloS One
Ann Meier, Kelly Musick, Sarah Flood, Rachel Dunifon
Research studies and popular accounts of parenting have documented the joys and strains of raising children. Much of the literature comparing parents with those without children indicates a happiness advantage for those without children, although recent studies have unpacked this general advantage to reveal differences by the dimension of well-being considered and important features in parents' lives and parenting experiences. We use unique data from the 2010, 2012, and 2013 American Time Use Survey to understand emotions in mothering experiences and how these vary by key demographic factors: employment and partnership status...
June 2016: Demography
S J Patel, S A Kuten, W L Musick, A O Gaber, H P Monsour, R J Knight
Modern-day treatment regimens for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are not only highly effective, but are now more often available as convenient fixed-dose combination products. Furthermore, as medication adherence is of utmost importance in this setting, national guidelines endorse the use of such products. Transplant providers of HIV-infected patients will undoubtedly encounter these products, some of which contain medications known to drastically alter the metabolism of certain immunosuppressants. Herein, we describe an instance of drug interaction-induced calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) nephrotoxicity in a renal transplant recipient being started on a cobicistat-containing combination product for HIV...
August 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Damalie Nakanjako, Agnes N Kiragga, Beverly S Musick, Constantin T Yiannoutsos, Kara Wools-Kaloustian, Lameck Diero, Patrick Oyaro, Emanuel Lugina, John C Ssali, Andrew Kambugu, Philippa Easterbrook
OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns of suboptimal immune recovery (SO-IR) and associated HIV-related-illnesses during the first 5 years following first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation across seven ART sites in East Africa. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data from seven ART clinical sites (three Uganda, two Kenya and two Tanzania). METHODS: SO-IR was described by proportions of ART-treated adults with CD4 cell counts less than 200, less than 350 and less than 500 cells/μl...
July 31, 2016: AIDS
Batya Elul, Kara K Wools-Kaloustian, Yingfeng Wu, Beverly S Musick, Harriet Nuwagaba-Biribonwoha, Denis Nash, Samuel Ayaya, Elizabeth Bukusi, Pius Okong, Juliana Otieno, Deo Wabwire, Andrew Kambugu, Constantin T Yiannoutsos
BACKGROUND: Scale-up of triple-drug antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Africa has transformed the context of childbearing for HIV-positive women and may impact pregnancy incidence in HIV programs. METHODS: Using observational data from 47,313 HIV-positive women enrolled at 26 HIV clinics in Kenya and Uganda between 2001 and 2009, we calculated the crude cumulative incidence of pregnancy for the pre-ART and on-ART periods. The causal effect of ART use on incident pregnancy was assessed using inverse probability weighted marginal structural models, and the relationship was further explored in multivariable Cox models...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Suzue Saito, Philani Mpofu, E Jane Carter, Lameck Diero, Kara K Wools-Kaloustian, Constantin T Yiannoutsos, Musick S Beverly, Simon Tsiouris, Geoffrey R Somi, John Ssali, Denis Nash, Batya Elul
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the risk of Tuberculosis (TB) among people living with HIV (PLWH). With ART scale-up in sub-Saharan Africa over the past decade, incidence of TB among PLWH engaged in HIV care is predicted to decline. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of routine clinical data from 168,330 PLWH receiving care at 35 facilities in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda during 2003-2012, participating in the East African region of the International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
R Dean Grubbs, John K Carlson, Jason G Romine, Tobey H Curtis, W David McElroy, Camilla T McCandless, Charles F Cotton, John A Musick
When identifying potential trophic cascades, it is important to clearly establish the trophic linkages between predators and prey with respect to temporal abundance, demographics, distribution, and diet. In the northwest Atlantic Ocean, the depletion of large coastal sharks was thought to trigger a trophic cascade whereby predation release resulted in increased cownose ray abundance, which then caused increased predation on and subsequent collapse of commercial bivalve stocks. These claims were used to justify the development of a predator-control fishery for cownose rays, the "Save the Bay, Eat a Ray" fishery, to reduce predation on commercial bivalves...
2016: Scientific Reports
Aggrey Semeere, Megan Wenger, Naftali Busakhala, Nathan Buziba, Mwebesa Bwana, Winnie Muyindike, Erin Amerson, Toby Maurer, Timothy McCalmont, Philip LeBoit, Beverly Musick, Constantin Yiannoutsos, Robert Lukande, Barbara Castelnuovo, Miriam Laker-Oketta, Andrew Kambugu, David Glidden, Kara Wools-Kaloustian, Jeffrey Martin
In resource-limited areas, such as sub-Saharan Africa, problems in accurate cancer case ascertainment and enumeration of the at-risk population make it difficult to estimate cancer incidence. We took advantage of a large well-enumerated healthcare system to estimate the incidence of Kaposi sarcoma (KS), a cancer which has become prominent in the HIV era and whose incidence may be changing with the rollout of antiretroviral therapy (ART). To achieve this, we evaluated HIV-infected adults receiving care between 2007 and 2012 at any of three medical centers in Kenya and Uganda that participate in the East Africa International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) Consortium...
May 2016: Cancer Medicine
Luan E Lawson, Davis Musick, Kori Brewer
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of medical students' knowledge in clinical settings is complex yet essential to the learning process. Clinical clerkships use various types of written examinations to objectively test medical knowledge within a given discipline. Within emergency medicine (EM), a new national standardized exam was developed to test medical knowledge in this specialty. Evaluation of the psychometric properties of a new examination is an important issue to address during test development and use...
December 2015: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ashley M Lockwood, Katherine K Perez, William L Musick, Judy O Ikwuagwu, Engie Attia, Oyejoke O Fasoranti, Patricia L Cernoch, Randall J Olsen, James M Musser
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry for rapid pathogen identification directly from early-positive blood cultures coupled with an antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) in two community hospitals. Process measures and outcomes prior and after implementation of MALDI-TOF/ASP were evaluated. DESIGN Multicenter retrospective study. SETTING Two community hospitals in a system setting, Houston Methodist (HM) Sugar Land Hospital (235 beds) or HM Willowbrook Hospital (241 beds)...
April 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Suzue Saito, Philani Mpofu, E Jane Carter, Lameck Diero, Kara K Wools-Kaloustian, Constantin T Yiannoutsos, Beverly S Musick, Simon Tsiouris, Geoffrey R Somi, John Ssali, Denis Nash, Batya Elul
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the risk of TB among people living with HIV (PLWH). With ART scale-up in sub-Saharan Africa over the past decade, incidence of TB among PLWH engaged in HIV care is predicted to decline. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of routine clinical data from 168,330 PLWH receiving care at 35 facilities in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda during 2003-2012, participating in the East African region of the International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA)...
November 11, 2015: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Amanda R Emke, Steven Cheng, Carolyn Dufault, Anna T Cianciolo, David Musick, Boyd Richards, Claudio Violato
UNLABELLED: CGEA 2015 CONFERENCE ABSTRACT (EDITED). A Novel Approach to Assessing Professionalism in Preclinical Medical Students Using Paired Self- and Peer Evaluations. Amanda R. Emke, Steven Cheng, and Carolyn Dufault. CONSTRUCT: This study sought to assess the professionalism of 2nd-year medical students in the context of team-based learning. BACKGROUND: Professionalism is an important attribute for physicians and a core competency throughout medical education...
2015: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Alexander A Brescia, Stephen R Broderick, Traves D Crabtree, Varun Puri, Joanne F Musick, Jennifer M Bell, Daniel Kreisel, A Sasha Krupnick, G Alexander Patterson, Bryan F Meyers
BACKGROUND: The value of adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with positive lymph nodes (+LNs) after induction therapy and resection of esophageal cancer is controversial. This study assesses survival benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in this cohort. METHODS: We analyzed our single-institution database for patients with +LNs after induction therapy and resection of primary esophageal cancer between 2000 and 2013. Factors associated with survival were analyzed using a Cox proportional hazards model...
January 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Emily D Gottfried, B Lee Hudson, Michael J Vitacco, Joyce L Carbonell
Malingering is relatively common in criminal forensic evaluations as base rates of malingering have ranged from 20% to 30%. Given that the most prevalent criminal forensic evaluation is the assessment of competency to stand trial, the assessment of feigning during competency evaluations is necessary for accurate findings. Most of the response style literature focuses on feigning mental health symptoms, but in competency evaluations, individuals may attempt to feign legal knowledge deficits in order to be found incompetent to stand trial...
September 30, 2015: Assessment
Emily R Levy, Lisa Musick, Matthew S Zinter, Tess Lang, Mort J Cowan, Peggy S Weintrub, Christopher C Dvorak
BACKGROUND: Without prophylaxis, Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP) develops in 5%-15% of pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HCT) patients with mortality above 50%. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is a standard PCP prophylaxis; pentamidine is frequently used as second-line prophylaxis because of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole's potential for cytopenias. Monthly intravenous (IV) pentamidine has variable efficacy with PCP infection rates of 0%-10% in pediatric patients, and higher breakthrough rates in those younger than 2 years...
February 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Katherine M Musick, Jacopo Rigosa, Shreya Narasimhan, Sophie Wurth, Marco Capogrosso, Daniel J Chew, James W Fawcett, Silvestro Micera, Stéphanie P Lacour
Reliably interfacing a nerve with an electrode array is one of the approaches to restore motor and sensory functions after an injury to the peripheral nerve. Accomplishing this with current technologies is challenging as the electrode-neuron interface often degrades over time, and surrounding myoelectric signals contaminate the neuro-signals in awake, moving animals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of microchannel electrode implants to monitor over time and in freely moving animals, neural activity from regenerating nerves...
2015: Scientific Reports
Kelly Musick, Katherine Michelmore
The share of births to cohabiting couples has increased dramatically in recent decades. How we evaluate the implications of these increases depends critically on change in the stability of cohabiting families. This study examines change over time in the stability of U.S. couples who have a child together, drawing on data from the 1995 and 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). We parse out the extent to which change in the stability of cohabiting and married families reflects change in couples' behavior versus shifts in the characteristics of those who cohabit, carefully accounting for trajectories of cohabitation and marriage around the couple's first birth...
October 2015: Demography
Samuel L Aitken, M Jahangir Alam, Mohammed Khaleduzzaman, Mohammed Khaleduzzuman, Seth T Walk, William L Musick, Vy P Pham, Jennifer L Christensen, Robert L Atmar, Yang Xie, Kevin W Garey
BACKGROUND: Conflicting reports have been published on the association between Clostridium difficile ribotypes and severe disease outcomes in patients with C. difficile infection (CDI); several so-called hypervirulent ribotypes have been described. We performed a multicenter study to assess severe disease presentation and severe outcomes among CDI patients infected with different ribotypes. METHODS: Stool samples that tested positive for C. difficile toxin were collected and cultured from patients who presented to any of 7 different hospitals in Houston, Texas (2011-2013)...
November 2015: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Janie J Taylor, Jennifer L Hodgson, Irina Kolobova, Angela L Lamson, Natalia Sira, David Musick
Hospital chaplaincy and spiritual care services are important to patients' medical care and well-being; however, little is known about healthcare providers' experiences receiving spiritual support. A phenomenological study examined the shared experience of spiritual care between hospital chaplains and hospital-based healthcare providers (HBHPs). Six distinct themes emerged from the in-depth interviews: Awareness of chaplain availability, chaplains focus on building relationships with providers and staff, chaplains are integrated in varying degrees on certain hospital units, chaplains meet providers' personal and professional needs, providers appreciate chaplains, and barriers to expanding hospital chaplains' services...
2015: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"