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Hannah Gerwinn, Simone Weiß, Gilian Tenbergen, Till Amelung, Carina Födisch, Alexander Pohl, Claudia Massau, Jonas Kneer, Sebastian Mohnke, Christian Kärgel, Matthias Wittfoth, Stefanie Jung, Krassimira Drumkova, Kolja Schiltz, Martin Walter, Klaus M Beier, Henrik Walter, Jorge Ponseti, Boris Schiffer, Tillmann H C Kruger
Contrary to public perception, child sex offending (CSO) and paedophilia are not the same. Only half of all cases of CSO are motivated by paedophilic preference, and a paedophilic preference does not necessarily lead to CSO. However, studies that investigated clinical factors accompanying and contributing to paedophilia so far mainly relied on paedophiles with a history of CSO. The aim of this study was to distinguish between factors associated with sexual preference (paedophile versus non-paedophile) and offender status (with versus without CSO)...
April 3, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Irja Marije de Jong, Frank Kupper, Corine de Ruiter, Jacqueline Broerse
Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) is a science policy concept that gained traction from 2000 onwards in the EU and US, in which alignment on purposes and values between different stakeholders is a key aspect. This thought experiment problematizes this particular notion: ethically acceptable and societally desirable outcomes are not necessarily achieved when alignment is a consequence of early closure. To argue this point, we took the example of the potential development of scanning technology for the detection of paedophilia among job applicants, for which indicators of broad societal support were found in an RRI project on neuroimaging...
December 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
Nigel Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Amy D Lykins, Jennifer J Robinson, Serge LeBlanc, James M Cantor
Phallometry is a physiological measure of sexual response widely used for the assessment of paedophilia among sexual offenders. Although many medications decrease penile response sufficiently to interfere with sexual intercourse, it is unknown to what extent such medications might interfere with phallometric testing. In the current study, we utilized a naturalistic convenience sample of 1078 men who attended a clinic for assessment of sexual preferences, mostly related to sexual offence convictions. In the present analyses, we quantified the differences in penile response during phallometric assessment associated with taking a range of common medications...
September 2, 2015: Journal of Sexual Aggression
Jorge Ponseti, Oliver Granert, Thilo Van Eimeren, Olav Jansen, Stephan Wolff, Klaus Beier, Günther Deuschl, Christian Huchzermeier, Aglaja Stirn, Hartmut Bosinski, Hartwig Roman Siebner
OBJECTIVES: Objective assessment of sexual preferences may be of relevance in the treatment and prognosis of child sexual offenders. Previous research has indicated that this can be achieved by pattern classification of brain responses to sexual child and adult images. Our recent research showed that human face processing is tuned to sexual age preferences. This observation prompted us to test whether paedophilia can be inferred based on the haemodynamic brain responses to adult and child faces...
2016: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Alice Foucart, Eva Moreno, Clara D Martin, Albert Costa
This study reports an event-related potential (ERP) experiment examining whether valuation (i.e., one's own values) is integrated incrementally and whether it affects L2 speakers' online interpretation of the sentence. We presented Spanish native speakers and French-Spanish mid-proficiency late L2 speakers with visual sentences containing value-consistent and value-inconsistent statements (e.g., 'Nowadays, paedophilia should be prohibited/tolerated across the world.'). Participants' brain activity was recorded as they were reading the sentences and indicating whether they agreed with the statements or not...
November 2015: Acta Psychologica
Diederik F Janssen
A scientific nomenclature of erotic age preferences informed the mid- through late nineteenth century joint appearance of homosexuality and sexual abuse of minors on the medico-legal scene. Yet, even in the twenty-first century, legal, psychiatric and culture-critical dimensions of related terms are rarely cleanly distinguished. Review of primary sources shows the ongoing Western suspension of notions of 'sick desire', alongside and beyond the medicalisation of homosexuality, between metaphor, legal interdiction and postulated psychopathology...
October 2015: Medical History
Frederic Gilbert, Andrej Vranič
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
Susan Hatters Friedman, Ryan Cw Hall
OBJECTIVES: The pop culture phenomenon of Star Wars has been underutilised as a vehicle to teach about psychiatry. It is well known to students, registrars, and consultants alike. New Star Wars films are expected out in 2015, which will likely lead to further popularity. The purpose of this article is to illustrate psychopathology and psychiatric themes demonstrated by supporting characters, and ways they can be used to teach concepts in a hypothetical yet memorable way. CONCLUSIONS: Using the minor characters as a springboard for teaching has the benefit of students not having preconceived notions about them...
August 2015: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Frédéric Gilbert, Farah Focquaert
This article reviews the current neurobiological literature on the aetiology of developmental and acquired paedophilia and examines what the consequences could be in terms of responsibility and treatment for the latter. Addressing the question of responsibility and punishment of offenders with acquired paedophilia from a neurobiological perspective is controversial. Consequently it is essential to avoid hasty conclusions based strictly on neurobiological abnormality justifications. This study establishes a distinction between developmental and acquired paedophilia...
January 2015: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Sebastian Mohnke, Sabine Müller, Till Amelung, Tillmann H C Krüger, Jorge Ponseti, Boris Schiffer, Martin Walter, Klaus M Beier, Henrik Walter
Psychosocial and biological factors have been implicated in paedophilia, such as alterations in brain structure and function. The purpose of this paper is to review the expanding body of literature on this topic including brain abnormality case reports, as well as structural and functional neuroimaging studies. Case studies of men who have committed sexual offences against children implicate frontal and temporal abnormalities that may be associated with impaired impulse inhibition. Structural neuroimaging investigations show volume reductions in paedophilic men...
November 2014: Progress in Neurobiology
Heng Choon Oliver Chan, Eric Beauregard, Wade C Myers
BACKGROUND: Information on psychopathological characteristics of sexual homicide offenders is scarce. AIMS: To investigate criminal, paraphilic and personality trait differences between serial and single-victim sexual homicide offenders. METHODS: All 73 single-victim and 13 serial sexual homicide offenders presenting within a cohort of 671 men sentenced for sexual crimes between 1994 and 2005 and serving their sentence in one high-security Canadian prison and who consented to interview were assessed and compared on their offending patterns, personality pathology and paraphilic behaviours...
February 2015: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Donald Campbell
In this single case study, I will address the question of how incestuous sexual abuse causes doubt of three distinct types: (1) honest doubt that is essential to the pursuit of knowledge; (2) inherent doubt that can result from a trauma that leaves the victim's mind fragmented and confused; and (3) the sadistic imposition of doubt intended to deceive, disorient and attack unbearable knowledge in the victim or another person familiar with the abuse (in this case, the analyst and the victim's later victims). During the course of my psychoanalysis of a paedophile, it became clear that this third form of doubt played an integral role in the patient's sexual abuse of children, a role I will link to the nature and function of paedophilia and to the experience of working psychoanalytically with a paedophile...
June 2014: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
J Ponseti, O Granert, T van Eimeren, O Jansen, S Wolff, K Beier, G Deuschl, H Bosinski, H Siebner
Human faces can motivate nurturing behaviour or sexual behaviour when adults see a child or an adult face, respectively. This suggests that face processing is tuned to detecting age cues of sexual maturity to stimulate the appropriate reproductive behaviour: either caretaking or mating. In paedophilia, sexual attraction is directed to sexually immature children. Therefore, we hypothesized that brain networks that normally are tuned to mature faces of the preferred gender show an abnormal tuning to sexual immature faces in paedophilia...
May 2014: Biology Letters
Rachel L Fazio, Amy D Lykins, James M Cantor
Multiple factors determine handedness including genetics, prenatal stress and post-natal environmental conditions. Atypical handedness, whether manifest as increased sinistrality or decreased strength of lateral preference, has been noted in a wide variety of populations with neuropathology. Those with atypical sexual preferences, specifically paedophilia, also manifest reduced rates of right-handedness. This paper uses the largest sample of phallometrically assessed men to date to establish the pattern of atypical handedness in paedophilia...
2014: Laterality
Benedikt Habermeyer, Fabrizio Esposito, Nadja Händel, Patrick Lemoine, Markus Klarhöfer, Ralph Mager, Volker Dittmann, Erich Seifritz, Marc Graf
BACKGROUND: Most neuroimaging studies investigating sexual arousal in paedophilia used erotic pictures together with a blocked fMRI design and long stimulus presentation time. While this approach allows the detection of sexual arousal, it does not enable the assessment of the immediate processing of erotically salient stimuli. Our study aimed to identify neuronal networks related to the immediate processing of erotic stimuli in heterosexual male paedophiles and healthy age-matched controls...
2013: BMC Psychiatry
F Thibaut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2010: L'Encéphale
Tracy Kenworthy, Clive E Adams, Charlotte Bilby, Belinda Brooks-Gordon, Mark Fenton
BACKGROUND: Sexual offending is both a social problem and a public health issue. To date, no positive treatment effects have been found in quasi-experimental institutional treatment programmes. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate effects of psychological interventions on target sexual acts, urges or thoughts for people who have been convicted, or cautioned, for sexual offences. SEARCH STRATEGY: 33 electronic databases including the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (Issue 4, 2002) were searched...
2008: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Boris Schiffer, Thomas Paul, Elke Gizewski, Michael Forsting, Norbert Leygraf, Manfred Schedlowski, Tillmann H C Kruger
Although the neuronal mechanisms underlying normal sexual motivation and function have recently been examined, the alterations in brain function in deviant sexual behaviours such as paedophilia are largely unknown. The objective of this study was to identify paedophilia-specific functional networks implicated in sexual arousal. Therefore a consecutive sample of eight paedophile forensic inpatients, exclusively attracted to females, and 12 healthy age-matched heterosexual control participants from a comparable socioeconomic stratum participated in a visual sexual stimulation procedure during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
May 15, 2008: NeuroImage
O Vanhooteghem, G Müller, M de la Brassinne
Belgium has been confronted to cases of paedophilia for years. It seems adequate to suggest some guidelines in cases of a child or a teenager diagnosed with ano-genital warts during a consultation. They are not always the consequence of sexual abuse. Three contaminations are possible: ante natal and peri natal (in utero or during delivery), by direct contact (auto or hetero inoculation), through sexual contact. This trusted practitioners to handle this unusual situation from the child protection, to multidisciplinary management and judicial prosecution against suspect...
March 2007: Revue Médicale de Liège
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