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Osseous regenerate

Shin Saeng Lim, Beomseok Lee, In Sook Kim, Soon Jung Hwang
OBJECTIVES: Osteonecrosis of the jaw has been increasing after dentoalveolar surgery in patients treated with an antiresorptive bisphosphonate (BP), especially strong zoledronate (ZA). The pathophysiology underlying why osteonecrosis occurs exclusively in the jaw bone remains unclear. This study investigated skeletal site-specific bone healing during the use of BPs to explore the preferential incidence of osteonecrosis of the jaw bone. STUDY DESIGN: Extraction of mandibular molar and creation of a tibia defect were performed in rats 2 weeks after weekly intravenous injections with the potent ZA and the weaker BP etidronate...
August 18, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Marcela Martin-Del-Campo, Raul Rosales-Ibañez, Keila Alvarado, Jose G Sampedro, Christian A Garcia-Sepulveda, Sanjukta Deb, Julio San Román, Luis Rojo
Strontium folate (SrFO) is a recently developed bone promoting agent with interest in medical and pharmaceutical fields due to its improved features in comparison to current strontium based therapies for osteoporosis and other bone diseases. In this work SrFO derivative was synthesized and loaded into biohybrid scaffolds obtained through lyophilisation of semi-interpenetrating networks of chitosan polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate and beta tri-calcium phosphate (βTCP) fabricated using free radical polymerization...
October 18, 2016: Biomaterials Science
Adam O'Reilly, Daniel John Kelly
Developing successful tissue engineering strategies requires an understanding of how cells within an implanted scaffold interacts with the host environment. The objective of this study was to use a computational mechanobiological model to explore how the design of a cell laden scaffold influences the spatial formation of cartilage and bone within an osteochondral defect. Tissue differentiation was predicted using a previously developed model in which cell fate depends on the local oxygen tension and the mechanical environment within a damaged joint...
October 6, 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Denver M Lough, Christopher Chambers, Gunter Germann, Ruben Bueno, Joel Reichensperger, Edward Swanson, Mary Dyer, Lisa Cox, Carrie Harrison, Michael W Neumeister
BACKGROUND: Although there has been tremendous research in the ability of mesenchymal-derived adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) to form bone, less is known regarding the molecular mechanisms that regulate the osteogenic potential of ADSCs. Notch, which consists of a key family of regulatory ligands involved in bone formation, is expressed in the bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell niche and is critical for proliferation, migration, and ultimately osseous differentiation. The authors investigate how Notch impacts ADSC proliferation and osteogenic differentiation to determine a translatable application of these cells in bone regeneration...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
R Al-Kattan, M Retzepi, E Calciolari, N Donos
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the gene expression and molecular pathways implicated in the regulation of the osseous healing process following guided bone regeneration (GBR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six 6-month-old Wistar male rats were used. Standardized 5-mm critical size defects were created in the parietal bones of each animal and treated with an extracranial and intracranial ePTFE membrane, according to the GBR principle. Three animals were randomly sacrificed after 7 and 15 days of healing...
September 11, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Pintu Kumar Khan, Arnab Mahato, Biswanath Kundu, Samit K Nandi, Prasenjit Mukherjee, Someswar Datta, Soumya Sarkar, Jayanta Mukherjee, Shalini Nath, Vamsi K Balla, Chitra Mandal
Effects of strontium and lithium ion doping on the biological properties of bioactive glass (BAG) porous scaffolds have been checked in vitro and in vivo. BAG scaffolds were prepared by conventional glass melting route and subsequently, scaffolds were produced by evaporation of fugitive pore formers. After thorough physico-chemical and in vitro cell characterization, scaffolds were used for pre-clinical study. Soft and hard tissue formation in a rabbit femoral defect model after 2 and 4 months, were assessed using different tools...
2016: Scientific Reports
Zühtü Özbek, Atacan Emre Koçman, Orhan Özatik, Erdem Söztutar, Emre Özkara, Aydan Köse, Ali Arslantaş, Cengiz Çetin
AIM: This study was aimed to investigate whether nerve regeneration can be induced in the tubular bone between distal and proximal cut nerve ends. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty adult Wistar rats were used for the study. Rats were divided in three groups; femoral bone conduit group, nerve transection group, sham group. Sciatic nerve was surgically cut and from both ends inserted into the adjacent femoral bone tunnel at femoral bone conduit group. The sciatic nerve was cut transversely at nerve transection group...
December 7, 2015: Turkish Neurosurgery
E Calciolari, N Mardas, X Dereka, A K Anagnostopoulos, G T Tsangaris, N Donos
OBJECTIVES: To identify and describe protein expression in a Wistar rat calvarial critical size defect (CSD) model following treatment with guided bone regeneration in healthy and osteoporotic conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-six 10-month-old female Wistar rats were used. Half of them were ovariectomized (OVX) and fed with a low-calcium diet to induce an osteoporotic-like status. In each animal of both groups, two 5-mm calvarial CSDs were treated with deproteinized bovine bone mineral graft particles and a bilayer collagen membrane...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
G I Gertsen, Se-Fey, R M Ostapchuk, A V Lesovoy, V V Zherebchuk
In experiment on 24 rabbits the processes of reparative osteogenesis in perforated defect of proximal tibial metaphysis under the influence of extracorporeal shock-wave therapy were studied. In accordance to data of clinical, roentgenological and morphological investiagations, conducted in terms 5, 15, 30 and 45 days of observation, there was established, that under the influence of extracorporeal shock-wave therapy in the bone marrow in the traumatic region a vasodilatation, as well as the blood cells exit from capillaries and sinusoid vessels with creation of massive regions of osseous endostal regenerate, guaranteeing the tibial integrity restoration, occurs...
March 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Khalid Al-Hezaimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Rudy U Rodriguez, Nathan Kemper, Erick Breathwaite, Sucharita M Dutta, Erin L Hsu, Wellington K Hsu, Michael P Francis
INTRODUCTION: Bone repair frequently requires time-consuming implant construction, particularly when using un-formed implants with poor handling properties. We therefore developed osteoinductive, micro-fibrous surface patterned demineralized bone matrix (DBM) fibers for engineering both defect-matched and general three-dimensional implants. METHODS AND RESULTS: Implant molds were filled with demineralized human cortical bone fibers there were compressed and lyophilized, forming mechanically strong shaped DBM scaffolds...
2016: Biofabrication
Joseph Kamal Muhammad, Shakeel Akhtar, Hiba Abu Al Nassar, Nabil Al Khoury
The reconstructive options for large expansive cystic lesion affecting the jaws are many. The first stage of treatment may involve enucleation or marsupialization of the cyst. Attempted reconstruction of large osseous defects arising from the destruction of local tissue can present formidable challenges. The literature reports the use of bone grafts, free tissue transfer, bone morphogenic protein and reconstruction plates to assist in the healing and rehabilitation process. The management of huge mandibular cysts needs to take into account the preservation of existing intact structures, removal of the pathology and the reconstructive objectives which focus both on aesthetic and functional rehabilitation...
July 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Volker M Betz, Oliver B Betz, Tom Rosin, Alexander Keller, Christian Thirion, Michael Salomon, Suzanne Manthey, Peter Augat, Volkmar Jansson, Peter E Müller, Stefan Rammelt, Hans Zwipp
BACKGROUND: Delivery of bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) to bone defects can be improved by applying gene transfer methods. However, traditional ex vivo gene therapy approaches are cumbersome and costly, requiring the extraction and culturing of cells. Therefore, we evaluated a novel, expedited ex vivo BMP-7 gene transfer technology based on the use of fragments of subcutaneous fat tissue. METHODS: We created 5-mm mid-femoral bone defects in the right femora of 23 male, syngeneic Fischer 344 rats...
August 2016: Journal of Gene Medicine
Francesco Baino, Sonia Fiorilli, Chiara Vitale-Brovarone
UNLABELLED: Bioactive glasses have been traditionally used in the clinical practice to fill and restore osseous defects due to their unique ability to bond to host bone and stimulate new bone growth. In the last decade, a new set of bioactive glasses characterized by a highly ordered mesoporous texture has been developed and studied as a smart platform for the controlled release of biomolecules, in situ therapy and regenerative applications. This review points out the great potential carried by hierarchical bioactive glass scaffolds that exhibit pore scales from the meso- to the macro-range, and their impact in the broad field of tissue engineering, including the emerging applications in contact with soft tissues and diagnostics...
September 15, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Maryam Jazayeri, Mohammad Ali Shokrgozar, Nooshin Haghighipour, Reza Mahdian, Mehdi Farrokhi, Shahin Bonakdar, Fereshteh Mirahmadi, Tannaz Nourizadeh Abbariki
The osseous tissue repair and regeneration have great importance in orthopedic and maxillofacial surgery. Tissue engineering makes it possible to cure different tissue abnormalities using autologous grafts. It is now obvious that mechanical loading has essential role in directing cells to differentiation. In this study, the influence of cyclic uniaxial loading and its combination with chemical factors on expression of osteogenic markers was investigated. Rat bone marrow-derived stem cells were isolated and cultured...
September 2015: Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics: MCB
Satoko Watanabe, Kiyofumi Takabatake, Hidetsugu Tsujigiwa, Toshiyuki Watanabe, Eijiro Tokuyama, Satoshi Ito, Hitoshi Nagatsuka, Yoshihiro Kimata
Artificial bone materials that exhibit high biocompatibility have been developed and are being widely used for bone tissue regeneration. However, there are no biomaterials that are minimally invasive and safe. In a previous study, we succeeded in developing honeycomb β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) which has through-and-through holes and is able to mimic the bone microenvironment for bone tissue regeneration. In the present study, we investigated how the difference in hole-diameter of honeycomb β-TCP (hole-diameter: 75, 300, 500, and 1600 μm) influences bone tissue regeneration histologically...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Giovanpaolo Pini Prato, Pierpaolo Cortellini
AIMS: Report clinical improvements and 30-year stability of clinical outcomes of an intrabony defect treated with non-resorbable barriers and mucogingival surgery. METHODS: A 18-year-old male presenting with a very severe intrabony defect at the upper right central incisor was treated with periodontal regeneration with non-resorbable barriers and a fibrin-fibronectin glue. The barriers were removed after 3 months. At 6 months, a free gingival graft (FGG) was positioned to improve mucogingival conditions...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Amol M Doiphode, Prashanth Hegde, Uma Mahindra, S M Santhosh Kumar, Pavan D Tenglikar, Vivek Tripathi
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study attempted the evaluation of the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in alveolar defects after removal of bilateral mandibular third molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients reporting to Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and having bilateral mandibular third molar impaction in both male and female aged between 18 and 30 years were included in this study. PRF and PRP were placed in extraction site and recalled at 2(nd), 4(th), and 6(th) month postoperatively...
April 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Shalini Kaushal, Avadhesh Kumar, M A Khan, Nand Lal
BACKGROUND: Periodontal invasion of furcation area in multirooted teeth represents one of the most demanding therapeutic challenges in periodontics. Furcation therapy includes various treatment modalities like either maintenance or elimination of furcation or increased access to furcation area. Recent treatment modalities include regenerative procedures like placement of different type of bone grafts with nonabsorbable or absorbable barrier membranes, through guided tissue regeneration...
May 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Smiti Bhardwaj, Joann Pauline George, Divakaran Remigus, Divya Khanna
Low level laser has been documented in literature to promote wound healing by reducing postoperative inflammation, oedema and reduces pain. This case report demonstrates the safe and positive outcome of LLLT in conjunction with demineralised bone matrix of bovine origin in the surgical treatment of a periodontal infrabony defect. After surgical defect debridement, low level semiconductor diode laser (GaAlAr) was delivered for 5 minutes to the inner margins of flap in contact mode and the defect was irradiated with LLLT in a non-contact mode for 10 minutes...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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