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case report meningococcal meningitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095907/bacterial-meningitis-epidemiology-and-return-of-neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-a-cases-in-burkina-faso-in-the-five-years-following-menafrivac-mass-vaccination-campaign
#1
Alpha Oumar Diallo, Heidi M Soeters, Issaka Yameogo, Guetawendé Sawadogo, Flavien Aké, Clément Lingani, Xin Wang, Andre Bita, Amadou Fall, Lassana Sangaré, Rasmata Ouédraogo-Traoré, Isaïe Medah, Brice Bicaba, Ryan T Novak
BACKGROUND: Historically, Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A (NmA) caused large meningitis epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2010, Burkina Faso became the first country to implement a national meningococcal serogroup A conjugate vaccine (MACV) campaign. We analyzed nationwide meningitis surveillance data from Burkina Faso for the 5 years following MACV introduction. METHODS: We examined Burkina Faso's aggregate reporting and national laboratory-confirmed case-based meningitis surveillance data from 2011-2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026659/emergence-and-genomic-diversification-of-a-virulent-serogroup-w-st-2881-cc175-neisseria-meningitidis-clone-in-the-african-meningitis-belt
#2
Araceli Lamelas, Julia Hauser, Jean-Pierre Dangy, Abdul-Wahab M Hamid, Katharina Röltgen, Mohamad R Abdul Sater, Abraham Hodgson, Ali Sie, Thomas Junghanss, Simon R Harris, Julian Parkhill, Stephen D Bentley, Gerd Pluschke
Countries of the African 'meningitis belt' are susceptible to meningococcal meningitis outbreaks. While in the past major epidemics have been primarily caused by serogroup A meningococci, W strains are currently responsible for most of the cases. After an epidemic in Mecca in 2000, W:ST-11 strains have caused many outbreaks worldwide. An unrelated W:ST-2881 clone was described for the first time in 2002, with the first meningitis cases caused by these bacteria reported in 2003. Here we describe results of a comparative whole-genome analysis of 74 W:ST-2881 strains isolated within the framework of two longitudinal colonization and disease studies conducted in Ghana and Burkina Faso...
August 2017: Microbial Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992391/four-years-of-case-based-surveillance-of-meningitis-following-the-introduction-of-menafrivac-in-moissala-chad-lessons-learned
#3
Anne-Laure Page, Matthew E Coldiron, Kadidja Gamougam, Mahmaat Ali Acyl, Mbaihol Tamadji, Céline Lastrucci, Northan Hurtado, François-Charles Tehoua, Florence Fermon, Dominique A Caugant, Klaudia Porten
OBJECTIVE: Case-based surveillance of bacterial meningitis in sentinel districts has been recommended after the introduction of the conjugated vaccine against Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A (NmA), MenAfriVac, in the African meningitis belt. Here we report data and lessons learnt from four years of surveillance in the district of Moissala, Chad. METHODS: All suspected cases of meningitis were referred free of charge to the district hospital for lumbar puncture and treatment...
October 9, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933621/neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-x-st-5799-st-22-complex-in-turkey-a-unique-pediatric-case
#4
Gönül Tanır, Yasemin Ozsurekci, Jay Lucidarme, Sevgi Yaşar Durmuş, Aiswarya Lekshmi, Özlem Akisoglu, Ahmet Emre Aycan, Ray Borrow, Mehmet Ceyhan
Although outbreaks of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup X occured in a couple of African countries, a limited number of serogroup X meningococcal cases were reported in America and Europe as well as Turkey. Additionally, serogroup X is still not represented in current conjugated meningococcal vaccines. Here, we describe the first pediatric case with meningitis caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup X ST-5799 (ST-22 complex) that formed a distinct lineage.
September 21, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892991/neisseria-meningitidis-causing-multiple-cerebral-abscesses-in-early-neonatal-period-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
Laxman Basani, Roja Aepala
Neisseria meningitidis is a rare cause of meningitis and septicemia in neonates. There are few published case reports of neonatal meningococcal meningitis complicated by subdural empyema, cerebral abscess and hydrocephalus. Few cases of neonatal meningococcal meningitis have been reported in the literature with none of them having the complication of multiple cerebral abscesses in early neonatal period (<seven days of life). We report a case of meningococcal meningitis with multiple cerebral abscesses which presented on fifth day of life and developed hydrocephalus at five weeks of life requiring a Ventriculo Peritoneal (VP) shunt...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771457/meningitis-outbreak-caused-by-vaccine-preventable-bacterial-pathogens-northern-ghana-2016
#6
Fortress Y Aku, Fernanda C Lessa, Franklin Asiedu-Bekoe, Phoebe Balagumyetime, Winfred Ofosu, Jennifer Farrar, Mahamoudou Ouattara, Jeni T Vuong, Kofi Issah, Joseph Opare, Sally-Ann Ohene, Charles Okot, Ernest Kenu, Donne K Ameme, David Opare, Abass Abdul-Karim
Bacterial meningitis is a severe, acute infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord that can rapidly lead to death. Even with recommended antibiotic treatment, up to 25% of infected persons in Africa might experience neurologic sequelae (1). Three regions in northern Ghana (Upper East, Northern, and Upper West), located in the sub-Saharan "meningitis belt" that extends from Senegal to Ethiopia, experienced periodic outbreaks of meningitis before introduction of serogroup A meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenAfriVac) in 2012 (2,3)...
August 4, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723791/arthritis-secondary-to-meningococcal-disease-a-case-series-of-7-patients
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Vanina Masson-Behar, Hervé Jacquier, Pascal Richette, Jean-Marc Ziza, Valérie Zeller, Christophe Rioux, Baptiste Coustet, Philippe Dieudé, Sébastien Ottaviani
Arthritis secondary to invasive meningococcemia is rare and has been described as a direct result of bacteremia or as immunoallergic-type arthritis, related to the immune complex. Only a few case series have been reported.This multicenter study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics and therapeutic outcomes of arthritis secondary to meningococcal infection.We performed a 5-year retrospective study. We included all patients with inflammatory joint symptoms and proven meningococcal disease defined by the identification of Neisseria meningitidis in blood, cerebrospinal fluid, or synovial fluid...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692384/advancing-the-use-of-emergency-department-syndromic-surveillance-data-new-york-city-2012-2016
#8
Ramona Lall, Jasmine Abdelnabi, Stephanie Ngai, Hilary B Parton, Kelly Saunders, Jessica Sell, Amanda Wahnich, Don Weiss, Robert W Mathes
INTRODUCTION: The use of syndromic surveillance has expanded from its initial purpose of bioterrorism detection. We present 6 use cases from New York City that demonstrate the value of syndromic surveillance for public health response and decision making across a broad range of health outcomes: synthetic cannabinoid drug use, heat-related illness, suspected meningococcal disease, medical needs after severe weather, asthma exacerbation after a building collapse, and Ebola-like illness in travelers returning from West Africa...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651843/-neisseria%C3%A2-meningitidis-urethritis-two-case-reports
#9
C Dubois, A-L Liegeon, C Fabbro, F Truchetet
BACKGROUND: Neisseria meningitidis (NM) is a commensal bacteria present in the oropharyngeal flora that causes invasive infections. There have been rarer reports of presence in the genital region. Herein, we present two cases of acute NM urethritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two men aged 30 and 31years, one of whom is homosexual and seropositive for HIV infection, presented urethral discharge which was diagnosed as acute urethritis. The unit through samples indicated the presence of NM of serogroups B and C...
October 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646924/ciprofloxacin-for-contacts-of-cases-of-meningococcal-meningitis-as-an-epidemic-response-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#10
Matthew E Coldiron, Gabriel Alcoba, Iza Ciglenecki, Matt Hitchings, Ali Djibo, Anne-Laure Page, Celine Langendorf, Rebecca F Grais
BACKGROUND: Epidemics of meningococcal meningitis are common in the "African meningitis belt." Current response strategies include reactive vaccination campaigns, which are often organized too late to have maximal impact. A novel strain of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C has been circulating in recent years, and vaccine supplies are limited. An evaluation of chemoprophylaxis with single-dose ciprofloxacin for household contacts of meningitis cases has therefore been recommended. METHODS/DESIGN: A three-arm cluster-randomized trial has been designed for implementation during a meningococcal meningitis epidemic in a health district in Niger in which at least two Health Zones (HZs) have met the weekly epidemic threshold...
June 24, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613408/pre-admission-antibiotics-for-suspected-cases-of-meningococcal-disease
#11
REVIEW
Thambu D Sudarsanam, Priscilla Rupali, Prathap Tharyan, Ooriapadickal Cherian Abraham, Kurien Thomas
BACKGROUND: Meningococcal disease can lead to death or disability within hours after onset. Pre-admission antibiotics aim to reduce the risk of serious disease and death by preventing delays in starting therapy before confirmation of the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To study the effectiveness and safety of pre-admission antibiotics versus no pre-admission antibiotics or placebo, and different pre-admission antibiotic regimens in decreasing mortality, clinical failure, and morbidity in people suspected of meningococcal disease...
June 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592578/bacterial-meningitis-in-finland-1995-2014-a-population-based-observational-study
#12
Aleksandra Polkowska, Maija Toropainen, Jukka Ollgren, Outi Lyytikäinen, J Pekka Nuorti
OBJECTIVES: Bacterial meningitis remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Its epidemiological characteristics, however, are changing due to new vaccines and secular trends. Conjugate vaccines against Haemophilus influenzae type b and Streptococcus pneumoniae (10-valent) were introduced in 1986 and 2010 in Finland. We assessed the disease burden and long-term trends of five common causes of bacterial meningitis in a population-based observational study. METHODS: A case was defined as isolation of S...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495657/outer-membrane-vesicles-extracted-from-neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-x-for-prevention-of-meningococcal-disease-in-africa
#13
Reinaldo Acevedo, Caridad Zayas, Gunnstein Norheim, Sonsire Fernández, Barbara Cedré, Yisabel Aranguren, Maribel Cuello, Yaimara Rodriguez, Humberto González, Aleida Mandiarote, Marylin Pérez, Maritza Hernández, Mabel Hernández-Cedeño, Domingo González, Sverre-Henning Brorson, Einar Rosenqvist, Lisbeth Naess, Gro Tunheim, Daniel Cardoso, Luis García
Meningococcal disease is caused mainly by serogroups A, B, C, Y, W of N. meningitidis. However, numerous cases of meningitis caused by serogroup X N. meningitidis (MenX) have recently been reported in several African countries. Currently, there are no licensed vaccines against this pathogen and most of the MenX cases have been caused by meningococci from clonal complex (c.c) 181. Detergent extracted meningococcal outer membrane vesicle (dOMV) vaccines have previously shown to be safe and effective against epidemics of serogroup B meningococcal disease in all age groups...
May 8, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369827/complement-factor-5-c5-p-a252t-mutation-is-prevalent-in-but-not-restricted-to-sub-saharan-africa-implications-for-the-susceptibility-to-meningococcal-disease
#14
C Franco-Jarava, D Comas, A Orren, M Hernández-González, R Colobran
Complement C5 deficiency (C5D) is a rare primary immunodeficiency associated with recurrent infections, particularly meningitis, by Neisseria species. To date, studies to elucidate the molecular basis of hereditary C5D have included fewer than 40 families, and most C5 mutations (13 of 17) have been found in single families. However, the recently described C5 p.A252T mutation is reported to be associated with approximately 7% of meningococcal disease cases in South Africa. This finding raises the question of whether the mutation may be prevalent in other parts of Africa or other continental regions...
August 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832151/nationwide-trends-in-bacterial-meningitis-before-the-introduction-of-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-burkina-faso-2011-2013
#15
Dinanibè Kambiré, Heidi M Soeters, Rasmata Ouédraogo-Traoré, Isaïe Medah, Lassana Sangare, Issaka Yaméogo, Guetawendé Sawadogo, Abdoul-Salam Ouédraogo, Soumeya Hema-Ouangraoua, Lesley McGee, Velusamy Srinivasan, Flavien Aké, Malika Congo-Ouédraogo, Soufian Sanou, Absatou Ky Ba, Ryan T Novak, Chris Van Beneden
BACKGROUND: Following introduction of Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine in 2006 and serogroup A meningococcal conjugate vaccine in 2010, Streptococcus pneumoniae (Sp) became the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in Burkina Faso. We describe bacterial meningitis epidemiology, focusing on pneumococcal meningitis, before 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) introduction in the pediatric routine immunization program in October 2013. METHODS: Nationwide population-based meningitis surveillance collects case-level demographic and clinical information and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) laboratory results...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703989/a-case-of-meningococcal-pyomyositis-in-an-otherwise-healthy-adult
#16
REVIEW
Monique T Barakat, Kiran Gajurel, Katrina Fischer, Kathryn Stevens, Errol Ozdalga, José G Montoya
The clinical spectrum of Neisseria meningitidis can range from nasopharyngeal colonization to life-threatening invasive diseases such as meningitis. However, its etiologic role in invasive pyomyositis (PM) has never been reported before in the English language. In this study, we report the first case of PM in the English language and the second case in the literature caused by N meningitidis.
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668905/atypical-clinical-presentation-of-meningococcal-meningitis-a-case-report
#17
Ilaria Izzo, Paola Pileri, Maria Merello, Paolo Gnesin, Enrico Cogi, Carlo Aggiusti, Laura Giacomelli, Stefano Ettori, Paolo Colombini, Andrea Collidá
A young woman was examined in the Emergency Department for fever, pharyngitis and widespread petechial rash. Physical examination, including neurological evaluation, did not show any other abnormalities. Chest X-ray was negative. Blood exams showed leukocytosis and CPR 20 mg/dL (nv<0.5 mg/dL). On the basis of these results and petechial rash evidence, lumbar puncture was performed. CSF was opalescent; physico-chemical examination showed: total proteins 2.8 (nv 0.15-0.45), glucose 5 (nv 59-80), WBC 7600/μL (nv 0-4/ μL)...
September 1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649262/whole-genome-characterization-of-epidemic-neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-c-and-resurgence-of-serogroup-w-niger-2015
#18
Cecilia B Kretz, Adam C Retchless, Fati Sidikou, Bassira Issaka, Sani Ousmane, Stephanie Schwartz, Ashley H Tate, Assimawè Pana, Berthe-Marie Njanpop-Lafourcade, Innocent Nzeyimana, Ricardo Obama Nse, Ala-Eddine Deghmane, Eva Hong, Ola Brønstad Brynildsrud, Ryan T Novak, Sarah A Meyer, Odile Ouwe Missi Oukem-Boyer, Olivier Ronveaux, Dominique A Caugant, Muhamed-Kheir Taha, Xin Wang
In 2015, Niger reported the largest epidemic of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C (NmC) meningitis in sub-Saharan Africa. The NmC epidemic coincided with serogroup W (NmW) cases during the epidemic season, resulting in a total of 9,367 meningococcal cases through June 2015. To clarify the phylogenetic association, genetic evolution, and antibiotic determinants of the meningococcal strains in Niger, we sequenced the genomes of 102 isolates from this epidemic, comprising 81 NmC and 21 NmW isolates. The genomes of 82 isolates were completed, and all 102 were included in the analysis...
October 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631124/neisseria-meningitidis-presenting-as-acute-abdomen-and-recurrent-reactive-pericarditis
#19
REVIEW
Karolina Akinosoglou, Angelos Alexopoulos, Nikolaos Koutsogiannis, Charalampos Gogos, Aleksandra Lekkou
Meningococcal meningitis is a well established potential fatal infection characterized by fever, headache, petechial rash, and vomiting in the majority of cases. However, protean manifestations including abdominal pain, sore throat, diarrhea and cough, even though rare, should not be overlooked. Similarly, although disseminated infection could potentially involve various organ-targets, secondary immune related complications including joints or pericardium should be dealt with caution, since they remain unresponsive to appropriate antibiotic regimens...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591787/meningococcal-pneumonia-in-japan-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Jun Hirai, Takeshi Kinjo, Takaaki Tome, Mao Hagihara, Daisuke Sakanashi, Hideta Nakamura, Shusaku Haranaga, Hiroshige Mikamo, Jiro Fujita
Neisseria meningitidis often causes meningitis and meningococcemia; however, meningococcal pneumonia is quite rare. Herein, we report a case of non-invasive meningococcal pneumonia initially misdiagnosed as pneumonia due to Moraxella catarrhalis on the basis of a Gram stain in a 43-year-old woman with asthma, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and schizophrenia. She visited our hospital following a 3-day history of fever, productive cough, and shortness of breath. Since her sputum smear revealed Gram-negative diplococcus and the chest radiograph showed infiltration in the lower right lung field, her initial diagnosis was pneumonia caused by M...
December 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
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