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Epidemiology of cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679754/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-breast-cancer-risk-by-pathological-subtype-mcc-spain
#1
Virginia Lope, Adela Castelló, Antonio Mena-Bravo, Pilar Amiano, Nuria Aragonés, Tania Fernández-Villa, Marcela Guevara, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, Guillermo Fernandez-Tardón, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, Víctor Moreno, Dolores Salas-Trejo, Marian Diaz-Santos, Madalen Oribe, Isabel Romieu, Manolis Kogevinas, Feliciano Priego-Capote, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Marina Pollán
Epidemiologic evidence on the association between vitamin D and breast cancer is still inconclusive. This study analyzes the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and breast cancer risk by pathologic subtype, stage at diagnosis and specific breast cancer risk factors. We conducted a population-based multicase-control study where 546 histologically-confirmed breast cancer cases and 558 population controls, frequently matched by geographic area, age and body mass index, were recruited in 12 Spanish provinces (MCC-Spain)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679627/diabetes-and-cancer-pathophysiological-fundamentals-of-a-dangerous-affair
#2
REVIEW
Angelo Cignarelli, Valentina Annamaria Genchi, Irene Caruso, Annalisa Natalicchio, Sebastio Perrini, Luigi Laviola, Francesco Giorgino
Diabetes and cancer are worldwide chronic diseases with a major impact on the quality and expectancy of life. Metabolic abnormalities observed during the onset and progression of diabetes may have a critical role on the initiation and progression of carcinogenesis. To date, there are no conclusive data on the mechanisms underlying the relationship between diabetes and any type of human cancer. However, recent evidence suggests that both hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia in diabetes could elicit cell damage responses, such as glucotoxicity, lipotoxicity and oxidative stress, which participate in the cell transformation process raising the risk of cancer development...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679099/radiation-induced-carotid-artery-lesions
#3
REVIEW
Verónica Fernández-Alvarez, Fernando López, Carlos Suárez, Primoz Strojan, Avraham Eisbruch, Carl E Silver, William M Mendenhall, Johannes A Langendijk, Alessandra Rinaldo, Anne W M Lee, Jonathan J Beitler, Robert Smee, Javier Alvarez, Alfio Ferlito
PURPOSE: To review the current aspects of knowledge related to the risk of cerebrovascular events in patients receiving head and neck radiotherapy. METHODS: A literature search was performed in PubMed. Papers meeting selection criteria were reviewed. RESULTS: We provide an update on the problem by identifying key studies that have contributed to our current understanding of the epidemiology, radiologic features, pathogenesis, and treatment of the disease...
April 20, 2018: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678941/autoantibodies-and-scleroderma-phenotype-define-subgroups-at-high-risk-and-low-risk-for-cancer
#4
Takeru Igusa, Laura K Hummers, Kala Visvanathan, Carrie Richardson, Fredrick M Wigley, Livia Casciola-Rosen, Antony Rosen, Ami A Shah
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies demonstrate autoantibodies are powerful tools to interrogate molecular events linking cancer and the development of autoimmunity in scleroderma. Investigating cancer risk in these biologically relevant subsets may provide an opportunity to develop personalised cancer screening guidelines. In this study, we examined cancer risk in distinct serologic and phenotypic scleroderma subsets and compared estimates with the general population. METHODS: Patients in the Johns Hopkins Scleroderma Center observational cohort were studied...
April 20, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678446/cycloartane-type-sapogenol-derivatives-inhibit-nfb-activation-as-chemopreventive-strategy-for-inflammation-induced-prostate-carcinogenesis
#5
Bilge Debeleç-Bütüner, Mert Burak Öztürk, Özgür Tağ, İsmail Hakkı Akgün, Günay Yetik-Anacak, Erdal Bedir, Kemal Sami Korkmaz
Chronic inflammation is associated to 25% of cancer cases according to epidemiological data. Therefore, inhibition of inflammation-induced carcinogenesis can be an efficient therapeutic approach for cancer chemoprevention in drug development studies. It is also determined that anti-inflammatory drugs reduce cancer incidence. Cell culture-based in vitro screening methods are used as a fast and efficient method to investigate the biological activities of the biomolecules. In addition, saponins are molecules that are isolated from natural sources and are known to have potential for tumor inhibition...
April 17, 2018: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677398/does-stress-increase-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-15-year-prospective-study
#6
Phyllis Butow, Melanie Price, Joseph Coll, Katherine Tucker, Bettina Meiser, Roger Milne, Judith Wilson, Louise Heiniger, Brandi Baylock, Tracey Bullen, Prue Weideman, Kelly-Anne Phillips
OBJECTIVE: The possible impact of stress on cancer incidence remains controversial. We prospectively evaluated associations between life event stressors, social support, personality characteristics (optimism, anger control, anti-emotionality) and risk of developing primary breast cancer (BCa), in women at increased familial risk of BCa. METHODS: A prospective cohort, repeated measures design was employed. Recruitment was through the Kathleen Cuningham Foundation Consortium for Research into Familial breast cancer (kConFab), which collects genetic, epidemiological and clinical data from Australasian families with multiple BCa cases...
April 20, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677219/the-association-of-adult-height-with-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-cancer-in-the-population-of-sardinia
#7
Giovanni Mario Pes, Antonello Ganau, Eugenia Tognotti, Alessandra Errigo, Chiara Rocchi, Maria Pina Dore
The relationship between body height and the risk of non‒communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer has been the subject of much debate in the epidemiological literature. Concerns have recently arisen over spurious associations due to confounding factors like birth cohort, especially in the context of epidemiological transition. The population of Sardinia represents an interesting case study, as the average physical stature of inhabitants was the lowest recorded in Europe until a few decades ago...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677098/update-treatment-for-hbv-infection-and-persistent-risk-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-prospect-for-an-hbv-cure
#8
REVIEW
Joseph Yoo, Hie-Won Hann, Robert Coben, Mitchell Conn, Anthony J DiMarino
Since the discovery of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) by Blumberg et al. in 1965, its genome, sequence, epidemiology, and hepatocarcinogenesis have been elucidated. Globally, hepatitis B virus (HBV) is still responsible for the majority of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HCC is the sixth-most common cancer in the world and the second-most common cancer death. The ultimate goal of treating HBV infection is the prevention of HCC. Fortunately, anti-HBV treatment with nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs), which began with lamivudine in 1998, has resulted in remarkable improvements in the survival of patients with chronic hepatitis B and a reduced incidence of HCC...
April 20, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676618/cancer-risk-from-paediatric-computed-tomography-scanning-implications-for-radiation-protection-in-medicine
#9
A Kesminiene, E Cardis
The use of computed tomography (CT) imaging is clearly beneficial for millions of patients. However, the potential adverse health effects, particularly cancer, of ionising radiation exposure from CT early in life are an issue of growing concern in the radiological protection, medical, and public health communities. Although efforts to quantify these effects have been conducted, the precision and accuracy of reported risks needs confirmation. EPI-CT, a European collaborative epidemiological study, was set up to quantify risks from paediatric CT to optimise paediatric diagnostic protocol...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676221/prognostic-biomarkers-for-cholangiocarcinoma-and-their-clinical-implications
#10
Charupong Saengboonmee, Kanlayanee Sawanyawisuth, Yoavalux Chamgramol, Sopit Wongkham
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a poorly prognostic cancer with limited treatment options. Most patients have unresectable tumors when they are diagnosed and the chemotherapies provided are of limited benefit. Prognostic markers are therefore necessary to predict the disease outcome, risk of relapse, or to suggest the best treatment option. Areas covered: This article provides an up-to-date review of biomarkers with promising characteristics to be prognostic markers for CCA reported in the past 5 years. The biomarkers are sub-classified into tissue and serum markers...
April 20, 2018: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676004/rapidly-changing-myeloma-epidemiology-in-the-general-population-increased-incidence-older-patients-and-longer-survival
#11
REVIEW
Ingemar Turesson, Magnus Bjorkholm, Cecilie Hveding Blimark, Sigurdur Kristinsson, Ramon Velez, Ola Landgren
The incidence of multiple myeloma is characterized by a steep increase with advancing age. Dramatic improvements in survival have been reported in clinical trials; however, elderly patients are generally underrepresented in these. The aims of this study are to review patterns of incidence and survival in multiple myeloma in the general population. We searched PubMed for population-based studies on trends in incidence and survival published between January 1, 2000 and June 30, 2017 and based on regional or national cancer registries and report the following results of the review...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675690/a-new-algorithm-to-build-bridges-between-two-patient-reported-health-outcome-instruments-the-mos-sf-36%C3%A2-and-the-vr-12-health-survey
#12
Alfredo Selim, William Rogers, Shirley Qian, James A Rothendler, Erin E Kent, Lewis E Kazis
PURPOSE: To develop bridging algorithms to score the Veterans Rand-12 (VR-12) scales for comparability to those of the SF-36® for facilitating multi-cohort studies using data from the National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) linked to Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (MHOS), and to provide a model for minimizing non-statistical error in pooled analyses stemming from changes to survey instruments over time. METHODS: Observational study of MHOS cohorts 1-12 (1998-2011)...
April 19, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675660/rates-of-prevalent-colorectal-cancer-occurrence-in-persons-75-years-of-age-and-older-a-population-based-national-study
#13
Vijit Chouhan, Emad Mansoor, Sravanthi Parasa, Gregory S Cooper
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is a lack of studies describing the epidemiology of colorectal cancer (CRC) in patients aged 75 years and older (elderly). Current guidelines recommend against routine screening colonoscopies in this population. We sought to describe the epidemiology of CRC in the elderly, utilizing a large, population-based database as this may impact screening guidelines in this population. METHODS: Utilizing a commercial database (Explorys Inc, Cleveland, OH), we identified a cohort of patients with a first-ever diagnosis of CRC between 2012 and 2017 based on the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms...
April 19, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675100/the-prognostic-value-of-age-in-non-metastatic-gastric-cancer-after-gastrectomy-a-retrospective-study-in-the-u-s-and-china
#14
Jieyun Zhang, Lu Gan, Mi-Die Xu, Mingzhu Huang, Xiaowei Zhang, Yiwei Gong, Xi Wang, Guanzhen Yu, Weijian Guo
Purpose: We explored the influence of age on clinicopathologic features and survival of patients with M0 gastric cancer (GC). Methods: 16856 GC patients from Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database and 1037 GC patients from Chinese multiple centers were enrolled in the U.S. and Chinese cohort, respectively. 50-year-old was treated as cutoff age. Propensity score method was used to carry out a 1:1 paired match. Results: In the U.S. cohort, we found that younger patients presented poor tumor behavior...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675096/nomograms-to-predict-individual-prognosis-of-patients-with-primary-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-bladder
#15
Fan Dong, Yifan Shen, Fengbin Gao, Xiao Shi, Tianyuan Xu, Xianjin Wang, Xiaohua Zhang, Shan Zhong, Minguang Zhang, Shanwen Chen, Zhoujun Shen
Objectives: To develop reliable nomograms to estimate individualized overall survival (OS) and cancer specific survival (CSS) for patients with primary small cell carcinoma of the bladder (SCCB) and compare the predictive value with the AJCC stages. Patients and Methods: 582 eligible SCCB patients identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) dataset were randomly divided into training (n=482) and validation (n=100) cohorts. Akaike information criterion was used to select the clinically important variables in multivariate Cox models when establishing nomograms...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675057/causes-of-death-in-long-term-survivors-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-regional-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-study
#16
Amaraja A Kanitkar, Ann G Schwartz, Julie George, Ayman O Soubani
INTRODUCTION: Survival from lung cancer is improving. There are limited data on the causes of death in 5-year survivors of lung cancer. The aim of this study is to explore the causes of death in long-term survivors of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and describe the odds of dying from causes other than lung cancer in this patient population. METHODS: An analysis of 5-year survivors of newly diagnosed NSCLC from 1996 to 2007, in Metropolitan Detroit included in Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program, was done...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674444/adjuvant-chemotherapy-seemed-not-to-have-survival-benefit-in-rectal-cancer-patients-with-yptis-2n0-after-preoperative-radiotherapy-and-surgery-from-a-population-based-propensity-score-analysis
#17
Xiang Hu, Ya-Qi Li, Qing-Guo Li, Yan-Lei Ma, Jun-Jie Peng, San-Jun Cai
BACKGROUND: Adjuvant chemotherapy is currently offered routinely, as standard, after radical resection for patients with rectal cancer receiving neo-adjuvant chemoradiation. However, the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with ypTis-2N0M0 has not been documented to the same extent, and the survival benefit remained controversial. The purpose of this work was to determine the role of chemotherapy in patients with ypTis-2N0M0 classification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database ( n  = 4,217)...
April 19, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673989/persisting-inequalities-in-survival-patterns-of-childhood-neuroblastoma-in-southern-and-eastern-europe-and-the-effect-of-socio-economic-development-compared-with-those-of-the-us
#18
Paraskevi Panagopoulou, Marios K Georgakis, Margarita Baka, Maria Moschovi, Vassilios Papadakis, Sophia Polychronopoulou, Maria Kourti, Emmanuel Hatzipantelis, Eftichia Stiakaki, Helen Dana, Athanasios Tragiannidis, Evdoxia Bouka, Luis Antunes, Joana Bastos, Daniela Coza, Anna Demetriou, Domenic Agius, Sultan Eser, Raluca Gheorghiu, Mario Šekerija, Maciej Trojanowski, Tina Žagar, Anna Zborovskaya, Anton Ryzhov, Nick Dessypris, Daniel Morgenstern, Eleni Th Petridou
AIM: Neuroblastoma outcomes vary with disease characteristics, healthcare delivery and socio-economic indicators. We assessed survival patterns and prognostic factors for patients with neuroblastoma in 11 Southern and Eastern European (SEE) countries versus those in the US, including-for the first time-the Nationwide Registry for Childhood Hematological Malignancies and Solid Tumours (NARECHEM-ST)/Greece. METHODS: Overall survival (OS) was calculated in 13 collaborating SEE childhood cancer registries (1829 cases, ∼1990-2016) and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER), US (3072 cases, 1990-2012); Kaplan-Meier curves were used along with multivariable Cox regression models assessing the effect of age, gender, primary tumour site, histology, Human Development Index (HDI) and place of residence (urban/rural) on survival...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673944/liver-disease-in-men-undergoing-androgen-deprivation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer
#19
Philipp Gild, Alexander P Cole, Anna Krasnova, Barbra A Dickerman, Nicolas von Landenberg, Maxine Sun, Lorelei A Mucci, Stuart R Lipsitz, Felix K-H Chun, Paul L Nguyen, Adam S Kibel, Toni K Choueiri, Shehzad Basaria, Quoc-Dien Trinh
PURPOSE: Androgen deprivation therapy is associated with development of diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Its effect on developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, a condition frequently co-occuring with metabolic syndrome, and other subsequent liver conditions (liver cirrhosis, hepatic necrosis, any liver disease) has not been investigated.
 MATERIALS & METHODS: We identified 82,938 men aged 66 and older diagnosed with localized prostate cancer within the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results- Medicare database, 1992-2009...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673737/epidemiological-features-of-cancers-of-the-oral-cavity-oropharynx-hypopharynx-and-larynx-cancer-in-r%C3%A3-union-island
#20
A Delagranda, G Leterme, E Chirpaz, C Ferdynus, C Fernandez, F Rubin
INTRODUCTION: This study had two objectives: firstly, to identify and compare characteristics of cancer of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx in Réunion Island, a tropical French overseas territory in the southern hemisphere; and secondly, to discuss how incidence of these cancers is presented in the international literature. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective study included 599 patients diagnosed with cancer of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx or larynx between 2009 and 2013 in Réunion Island...
April 16, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
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