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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160408/cognitive-performance-of-stunted-pre-school-children-undergoing-nutritional-recovery-treatment
#1
Thaíse Morais Silva, Nassib Bezerra Bueno, Maria de Lourdes da Silva Gomes de Azevedo, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Telma Maria de Menezes Toledo Florêncio
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the treatment of stunted children offered at a specialized center influences their cognitive performance. METHODS: Two groups of children from vulnerable families were selected, one consisting of stunted children being treated at the Nutrition Education and Recovery Center (CREN), and the other group of eutrophic children from a local, public day care center. At CREN, children are treated in a day-hospital system (9 hours/day, 5 days/week), receiving medical, nutritional and psycho-pedagogical support...
November 13, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158661/policy-system-and-environmental-correlates-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-a-low-income-african-american-population-in-the-southeast
#2
Lori Brand Bateman, LaToya J O'Neal, Theolishia Smith, Yufeng Li, Theresa A Wynn, Chen Dai, Mona N Fouad
Objective: The current study seeks to identify policy, system and environmental (PSE) correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption among a sample of low-income African Americans in two counties in Alabama (Jefferson and Mobile) and one county in Mississippi (Forrest). Design: A modified Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFFS) survey, which included multi-level ecological factors, was used to evaluate nutritional habits at the pre-intervention stage of a multi-state research study...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157208/please-sir-i-want-some-more-an-exploration-of-repeat-foodbank-use
#3
Elisabeth Garratt
BACKGROUND: The sharp rise in foodbank use in Britain over the past five years suggests a proliferation of food insecurity that could herald a public health crisis. However, trends in foodbank use rely on imperfect figures that do not distinguish between single and repeat visits. Consequently, the true prevalence of foodbank use in Britain is unknown. By identifying repeat visits, this study provides the first estimate of the proportion of people using foodbanks. METHODS: Using data on referrals to West Cheshire Foodbank in the UK, this study offers a case study of 7769 referrals to one foodbank between 2013 and 2015...
November 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155679/antidepressant-use-among-persons-aged-12-and-over-united-states-2011-2014
#4
Laura A Pratt, Debra J Brody, Qiuping Gu
Key findings Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ● During 2011-2014, 12.7% of persons aged 12 and over, 8.6% of males, and 16.5% of females took antidepressant medication in the past month. ● For both males and females, non-Hispanic white persons were more likely to take antidepressant medication compared with those of other race and Hispanic-origin groups. ● One-fourth of persons who took antidepressant medication had done so for 10 years or more. ● Antidepressant use increased from 1999 to 2014...
August 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154966/determinants-of-fibrosis-progression-and-regression-in-nash
#5
REVIEW
Detlef Schuppan, Rambabu Surabattula, Xiao Yu Wang
Cirrhosis has become the major liver related clinical endpoint in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. However, progression to cirrhosis is less predictable in NASH compared to other chronic liver diseases. This is due to the complex and multifactorial etiology of NASH, which is determined by life style and nutrition, multiple genetic and epigenetic factors, and a prominent role of hepatic and extrahepatic comorbidities. Thus modest changes in these cofactors can also induce fibrosis regression, at least in precirrhotic patients...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154428/muscle-wasting-and-sarcopenia-in-heart-failure-and-beyond-update-2017
#6
REVIEW
Jochen Springer, Joshua-I Springer, Stefan D Anker
Sarcopenia (loss of muscle mass and muscle function) is a strong predictor of frailty, disability and mortality in older persons and may also occur in obese subjects. The prevalence of sarcopenia is increased in patients suffering from chronic heart failure. However, there are currently few therapy options. The main intervention is resistance exercise, either alone or in combination with nutritional support, which seems to enhance the beneficial effects of training. Also, testosterone has been shown to increased muscle power and function; however, a possible limitation is the side effects of testosterone...
November 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151427/-precision-nutrition-for-intensive-care-patients
#7
Guizhen Xiao, Jun Li, Lei Su
Nutritional treatment of intensive care patients may require an accurate, effective and personalized approach in the future. Using nutritional risk assessment to guide nutritional treatment, factors including timing, energy expenditure and goal, pathway and dosage should be considered. Through testing the individual nutritional molecular markers, the benefits and risks can be evaluated. So nutritional therapy can enhance the nutritional and metabolic status of intensive care patients, and improve clinical outcomes...
November 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150862/randomised-crossover-trial-showed-that-using-breast-milk-or-sucrose-provided-the-same-analgesic-effect-in-preterm-infants-of-at-least-28-weeks
#8
L Collados-Gómez, P Ferrera-Camacho, E Fernandez-Serrano, V Camacho-Vicente, C Flores-Herrero, A M García-Pozo, R Jiménez-García
AIM: Repeated, on-going exposure to pain influences the growth, cognitive and motor functions, behaviour, personality and neurodevelopment of preterm infants. We compared the analgesic effects of expressed breast milk and 24% oral sucrose on preterm neonates during venipuncture. METHODS: This multicentre randomised, non-inferiority, cross-over trial focused on five neonatal university units in Madrid, Spain, from October 2013 to October 2014. It comprised 66 preterm infants born at less than 37 weeks and randomly split into two groups...
November 18, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150094/-geriatric-assessment-and-prognostic-scores-in-older-cancer-patient-additional-support-to-the-therapeutic-decision
#9
REVIEW
Frédéric Pamoukdjian, Evelyne Liuu, Philippe Caillet, Mathilde Gisselbrecht, Stéphane Herbaud, Pascaline Boudou-Rouquette, Laurent Zelek, Elena Paillaud
Cancer is a disease of the elderly as demonstrated by the epidemiological evolution of Western countries. Indeed, two third of cancers newly diagnosed occur over 65 years. However, older cancer patients have been often excluded from clinical trials in oncology and the extrapolation of cancer treatments in this population remains difficult in practice. Scientific societies recommend that a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) be performed in patients aged 70 and over and selected using screening tools for frailty such as the G8 index...
November 14, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149269/effects-of-a-healthy-eater-self-schema-and-nutrition-literacy-on-healthy-eating-behaviors-among-taiwanese-college-students
#10
Chia-Kuei Lee, Li-Ling Liao, I-Ju Lai, Li-Chun Chang
Unhealthy eating behaviors contribute to obesity and chronic illness. This study examined the relative contributions of a healthy-eater self-schema (a self-conception as a healthy eater) and nutrition literacy on healthy-eating behaviors and whether nutrition literacy was a mediator among Taiwanese college students. A total of 1216 undergraduate students from six universities in Taiwan participated in the study from April to June 2016. Healthy-eating behaviors, nutrition literacy, healthy-eater self-schema and known determinants of eating behaviors (e...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148112/big-data-and-data-science-in-healthcare-what-nurses-and-midwives-need-to-know
#11
EDITORIAL
Siobhan O'Connor
The evolution of technology in contemporary society has been accelerating in recent decades, with smaller, more interconnected hardware devices and software applications becoming the norm. As desktop computing paved the way for mobile platforms, which are now transitioning to wearable devices and other sensors, it is inevitable these electronic tools will advance into the realm of nanotechnology and biotechnology in the years to come. As the proliferation of information and communication technology continues it has led to a tsunami of digital data (Bates et al, 2014), which is being collected on many aspects of life...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143484/response-of-red-blood-cell-folate-to-supplementation-in-non-pregnant-women-is-predictable-a-proposal-for-personalized-supplementation
#12
Rima Obeid, Christiane Schön, Manfred Wilhelm, Rajiv P Shrestha, Stefan Pilz, Klaus Pietrzik
SCOPE: We modelled red blood cell (RBC)-folate response to supplementation and developed personalized folate supplementation concepts. METHODS AND RESULTS: The changes of RBC-folate were modelled in a time- (4 or 8 weeks) and dose- (400 μg/d or 800 μg/d folate) dependent manner. Post-supplementation RBC-folate levels were predicted from folate-loading capacities [ = measured RBC-folate - (baseline RBC-folate * RBC-survival)]. The prediction equations were validated in 119 participants...
November 15, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141979/measurement-errors-in-dietary-assessment-using-self-reported-24-hour-recalls-in-low-income-countries-and-strategies-for-their-prevention
#13
Rosalind S Gibson, U Ruth Charrondiere, Winnie Bell
Securing accurate measurements of dietary intake across populations is challenging. Of the methods, self-reported 24-h recalls are often used in low-income countries (LICs) because they are quick, culturally sensitive, do not require high cognitive ability, and provide quantitative data on both foods and nutrients. Measuring intakes via 24-h recalls involves 1) collecting data on food intakes, 2) the appropriate use of relevant food-composition data for calculating nutrient intakes, and 3) statistically converting observed intakes to "usual intakes" for evaluating nutrient adequacy or relations between foods and nutrients and health outcomes...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140483/integrative-whole-person-oncology-care-in-the-uk
#14
Catherine Zollman, Axel Walther, Helen E Seers, Rachel C Jolliffe, Marie J Polley
The term "whole-person cancer care"-an approach that addresses the needs of the person as well as treating the disease-is more widely understood in the United Kingdom than its synonym "integrative oncology." The National Health Service (NHS) provides free access to care for all, which makes it harder to prioritize NHS funding of whole-person medicine, where interventions may be multimodal and lacking in cost-effectiveness data. Despite this, around 30% of cancer patients are known to use some form of complementary or alternative medicine (CAM)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138870/insig2-rs7566605-single-nucleotide-variant-and-global-dna-methylation-index-levels-are-associated-with-weight-loss-in-a-personalized-weight-reduction-program
#15
Francesca Pirini, Sebastian Rodriguez-Torres, Bola Grace Ayandibu, María Orera-Clemente, Alberto Gonzalez-de la Vega, Fahcina Lawson, Roland J Thorpe, David Sidransky, Rafael Guerrero-Preston
Single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with lipid metabolism and energy balance are implicated in the weight loss response caused by nutritional interventions. Diet‑induced weight loss is also associated with differential global DNA methylation. DNA methylation has been proposed as a predictive biomarker for weight loss response. Personalized biomarkers for successful weight loss may inform clinical decisions when deciding between behavioral and surgical weight loss interventions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between global DNA methylation, genetic variants associated with energy balance and lipid metabolism, and weight loss following a non‑surgical weight loss regimen...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135687/environmental-and-epigenetic-regulation-of-postprandial-lipemia
#16
Laurence D Parnell, Jose M Ordovas, Chao-Qiang Lai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Postprandial lipemia (PPL), the prolonged increase in plasma triglyceride-rich lipoproteins following food consumption, is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Genetic variation, environment and the interplay between these direct an individual's postprandial lipid response. From such interplay, inducible and reversible epigenetic changes arise. Increasing evidence suggests epigenetic variation contributes to postprandial response in lipids and risk...
November 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134344/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-relationship-between-blood-lead-levels-and-reported-attention-deficit-disorder-an-assessment-of-the-economic-impact-on-the-united-states
#17
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Mark R Geier
Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is characterized by a pattern of inattention and/or impulsivity that is inconsistent with developmental level and interferes with normal functioning in at least two settings. A recent meta-analysis suggested a significant relationship between lead (Pb) exposure and attention deficit symptoms. This study evaluated the potential relationship between increasing blood Pb levels and the risk of a reported ADD diagnosis. This cross-sectional study examined a sample of 2109 persons (32,762,158 weighted-persons) between 10 and 19 years-old from the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 13, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132674/food-allergy-management
#18
REVIEW
Carla M Davis, John M Kelso
The management of food allergies requires the cooperation of the food allergic person, physician, family, and social contacts. For children, school management of food allergies is a key component of the overall approach. Recognition of the signs and symptoms of allergic reactions and preparation to administer the appropriate treatment of mild and severe symptoms in the event of accidental exposure is necessary. Avoidance of food allergens is facilitated by label reading and dietary guidance is extremely important to minimize nutritional deficiencies...
February 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131050/the-clinical-inadequacy-of-the-placebo-model-and-the-development-of-an-alternative-conceptual-framework
#19
Giovanni A Fava, Jenny Guidi, Chiara Rafanelli, Karl Rickels
Placebo effects are often attributed to clinical interactions and contextual factors that affect expectations of the patient about the treatment and result in symptom changes. The prevailing conceptualization consists of an undifferentiated placebo response that needs to be minimized in controlled investigations and maximized in clinical practice. However, treatment outcome is the cumulative result of the interaction of several classes of variables with a selected treatment: living conditions (housing, nutrition, work environment, social support), patient characteristics (age, sex, genetics, general health conditions, personality, well-being), illness features and previous therapeutic experience, self-management, and treatment setting (physician's attitude and attention, illness behavior)...
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124049/effect-of-personalized-nutritional-counseling-on-the-nutritional-status-of-hemodialysis-patients
#20
In-Young Jo, Woo Jeong Kim, Hyeong Cheon Park, Hoon Young Choi, Jung Eun Lee, Song Mi Lee
This study set out to evaluate the impact of personalized nutritional counseling (PNC) on the nutritional status of hemodialysis (HD) patients. This was an intervention study for 10 months at 2 hospitals. Anthropometric, biochemical, dietary, and body composition parameters were measured at baseline and after 3 and 6 months of PNC. A total of 42 patients (23 men and 19 women) were included. Intake of dietary protein, serum albumin, and cholesterol levels had increased significantly from baseline to month 6 (p < 0...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
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