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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783868/low-bone-mineral-density-in-ambulatory-persons-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#1
Cindy T R Mus-Peters, Bionka M A Huisstede, Suzie Noten, Minou W M G C Hitters, Wilma M A van der Slot, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons
PURPOSE: Non-ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy are prone to low bone mineral density. In ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy, bone mineral density deficits are expected to be small or absent, but a consensus conclusion is lacking. In this systematic review bone mineral density in ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Function Classification Scales I-III) was studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline, Embase, and Web of Science were searched. According to international guidelines, low bone mineral density was defined as Z-score ≤ -2...
May 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783223/-rational-nutrition-as-a-prerequisite-for-eliminating-the-risk-of-overweight-public-opinion-and-practice
#2
Natalia O Ryngach, Marina B Scherbinina, Tatiana M Shevchenko, Victoria M Gladun, Volodymyr I Sarychev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The awareness of the working-age population regarding the principles of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors of diseases is analyzed. Aim: To identify and characterize the level of awareness of the working-age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors (with a focus on irrational nutrition and its consequences). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: In the sociological study (2017), on request of Dnipropetrovsk regional state administration, methods of deep (N20) and personalized formal interviews (N2000) were used according to a specially developed methodology of qualitative and quantitative research stages and data collection tools...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781782/construct-validity-of-the-mealtime-scan-a-secondary-data-analysis-of-the-making-most-of-mealtimes-m3-study
#3
Sabrina Iuglio, Heather Keller, Habib Chaudhury, Susan E Slaughter, Christina Lengyel, Jill Morrison, Veronique Boscart, Natalie Carrier
Long-term care (LTC) physical and psychosocial mealtime environments have been inconsistently assessed due to the lack of a standardized measure. The purpose of this study was to examine the construct validity of a new standardized observational measure, the Mealtime Scan (MTS), using the Making Most of Mealtimes data collected on 639 residents in 82 dining rooms in 32 LTC homes. The MTS includes physical, social, and person-centered care summary scales scored from 1 to 8. Mean ratings on these summary scales were moderate for physical (5...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779823/the-role-of-thiamine-dependent-enzymes-in-obesity-and-obesity-related-chronic-disease-states-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Donogh Maguire, Dinesh Talwar, Paul G Shiels, Donald McMillan
The WHO 2016 report indicates that worldwide obesity is rising, with over 600 million people in the obese range (BMI>30). The recommended daily calorie intake for adults is 2000 kcal and 2500 kcal for women and men respectively. The average American consumes 3770 kcal/day and the average person in the UK consumes 3400 kcal/day. With such increased caloric intake, there is an increased load on metabolic pathways, in particular glucose metabolism. Such metabolism requires micronutrients as enzyme co-factors...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779817/resting-energy-expenditure-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-accuracy-of-available-prediction-formulae-and-development-of-a-population-specific-formula
#5
Francesca Penagini, Barbara Borsani, Alessandra Bosetti, Chiara Mameli, Dario Dilillo, Giulia Ramponi, Francesco Motta, Giorgio Bedogni, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Energy requirements are difficult to estimate in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Resting energy expenditure (REE), necessary for personalized nutritional intervention, is most commonly estimated using prediction formulae because the reference method, i.e. indirect calorimetry (IC), is not available in all Nutrition Units. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of the most commonly used REE prediction formulae in children with CP. The secondary aim was to develop a new population-specific formula for the estimation of REE in children with CP...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779517/helping-mothers-reach-personal-breastfeeding-goals
#6
REVIEW
Diane L Spatz
Professional organizations worldwide recommend exclusive human milk/breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life, and continued breastfeeding with appropriate complementary foods for 1 year or more. This article focuses on the importance of prenatal messaging and goal setting to ensure that mothers are able to optimize their milk supply during the critical window of opportunity in first 2 weeks after delivery. Research data in the United States indicate that the largest categories of why women stopped breastfeeding were for reasons related to milk supply or concerns that the infant was not getting enough nutrition or gaining enough weight...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775432/estimating-usual-dietary-in-take-from-national-health-and-nut-rition-examination-survey-data-using-the-national-cancer-institute-method
#7
Kristen A Herrick, Lauren M Rossen, Ruth Parsons, Kevin W Dodd
Dietary recommendations are intended to be met based on dietary intake over long periods, as associations between diet and health result from habitual intake, not a single eating occasion or day of intake. Measuring usual intake directly is impractical for large population-based surveys due to the respondent burden associated with reporting habitual intake over longer periods. Therefore, analytical techniques were developed to estimate usual intake using as few as 2 days of 24-hour dietary recall data. With National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data, this report demonstrates how to estimate usual intake using the National Cancer Institute (NCI)...
February 2018: Vital and Health Statistics. Series 2, Data Evaluation and Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772288/eating-patterns-and-food-intake-of-persons-with-type-1-diabetes-within-the-t1d-exchange
#8
Margaret A Powers, Robin L Gal, Crystal G Connor, Meg Mangan, David M Maahs, Mark A Clements, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis
AIMS: To identify dietary intake and eating patterns of people with type 1 diabetes from childhood to later adulthood in relation to HbA1c. METHODS: Trained interviewers conducted 24-hour recalls via phone utilizing a multiple pass approach and administered two nutrition questionnaires; 463 participants (or parents of participants) within the T1D Exchange clinic registry were included. Participants were 5 to 81 years with 80-101 participants in five age groups; 56% were female, and 92% were white, with a median diabetes duration of 11...
May 14, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771249/-new-italian-law-about-end-of-life-self-determination-and-shared-care-pathway
#9
Rosagemma Ciliberti, Matteo Gulino, Ilaria Gorini
The Italian Parliament has recently approved the Law n. 219/2017 concerning "Rules on informed consent and advance directives". The manuscript points out the main key points of the new law, in order to clarify the role of the advance directives and to provide clear operational guidelines for healthcare personnel. Taking into consideration the Italian deontological and juridical context, along with the main jurisprudential judgements, the law has been analysed. The Authors discussed the new rules and the bioethical issues also in relation to the provisions stated by the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine (Convention of Oviedo)...
May 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769189/metabolic-acidosis-in-short-bowel-syndrome-think-d-lactic-acid-acidosis
#10
Sorin Stanciu, Aminda De Silva
Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a condition when a person's gastrointestinal function is insufficient to supply the body with essential nutrients and hydration. Patients with SBS suffer from diarrhoea and symptoms of malabsorption such as weight loss, electrolyte disturbances and vitamin deficiencies. Long-term management of this condition can be complicated by the underlying disease, the abnormal bowel function and issues related to treatment like administration of parenteral nutrition and the use of a central venous catheter...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769036/estimates-of-state-level-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-stratified-by-race-and-sex-united-states-2010
#11
Eric W Hall, Eli S Rosenberg, Patrick S Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the most common blood-borne viral infection in the United States. Previously, we used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) to estimate the prevalence of HCV antibodies (anti-HCV) and HCV RNA among all U.S. states. However, demographic differences in HCV burden at the state-level have not been systematically described. This analysis quantified the HCV burden stratified by sex and race (and associated disparities) for each U...
May 16, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768349/comparison-of-multiple-interventions-for-older-adults-with-alzheimer-disease-or-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-prisma-compliant-network-meta-analysis
#12
Jing-Hong Liang, Yong Xu, Lu Lin, Rui-Xia Jia, Hong-Bo Zhang, Lei Hang
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of Alzheimer disease (AD) emphasizes the need for effective treatments. Both pharmacological therapies such as nutrition therapy (NT) and nonpharmacologic therapies including traditional treatment or personalized treatment (e.g., physical exercise, music therapy, computerized cognitive training) have been approved for the treatment of AD or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in numerous areas. METHODS: The aim of this study was to compare 4 types of interventions, physical exercise (PE), music therapy (MT), computerized cognitive training (CCT), and NT, in older adults with mild to moderate AD or MCI and identify the most effective intervention for their cognitive function...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766697/the-assessment-of-the-nutritional-value-of-meals-consumed-by-patients-with-recognized-schizophrenia
#13
Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Magdalena Lech, Karolina Wilczyńska, Beata Konarzewska, Joanna Zapolska, Lucyna Ostrowska
Background: As studies show, changes in diet - so important in the therapy of psychiatric disorders and related to changes in appetite and nutritional preferences, including avoiding of the consumption of specific groups of products and dishes - are much more frequent among patients affected by schizophrenia. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the chosen nutritional habits, including the number and type of meals usually consumed during a day, snacking between meals and the energy value and content of the chosen nutrients in the diets of persons with recognized schizophrenia...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763869/exposure-of-dioxin-like-chemicals-in-participants-of-the-anniston-community-health-survey-follow-up
#14
Eric Yang, Marian Pavuk, Andreas Sjödin, Michael Lewin, Richard Jones, Jim Olson, Linda Birnbaum
The 2014 follow-up of the Anniston Community Health Survey (ACHS II) consisted of 338 surviving participants from the 2005-2007 baseline study (ACHS) who had previous polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) measurements, were not pregnant, and were not institutionalized. Questionnaires and blood samples provided the demographic, personal history, and chemical concentration data of the Anniston residents. Approximately 51% of participants were African American, 72% were female, and the mean age was 63 years old. The objectives of this study were to provide an exposure assessment of dioxin-like chemicals in the ACHS II participants and compare the measurements with the general United States (U...
May 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760582/registered-nurses-and-older-people-s-experiences-of-participation-in-nutritional-care-in-nursing-homes-a-descriptive-qualitative-study
#15
Katarina Sjögren Forss, Jane Nilsson, Gunilla Borglin
Background: The evaluation and treatment of older people's nutritional care is generally viewed as a low priority by nurses. However, given that eating and drinking are fundamental human activities, the support and enhancement of an optimal nutritional status should be regarded as a vital part of nursing. Registered nurses must therefore be viewed as having an important role in assessing and evaluating the nutritional needs of older people as well as the ability to intervene in cases of malnutrition...
2018: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760541/laparoscopic-gastrojejunostomy-for-gastric-outlet-obstruction-in-patients-with-unresectable-hepatopancreatobiliary-cancers-a-personal-series-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Alba Manuel-Vázquez, Raquel Latorre-Fragua, Carmen Ramiro-Pérez, Aylhin López-Marcano, Roberto De la Plaza-Llamas, José Manuel Ramia
The major symptoms of advanced hepatopancreatic-biliary cancer are biliary obstruction, pain and gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). For obstructive jaundice, surgical treatment should de consider in recurrent stent complications. The role of surgery for pain relief is marginal nowadays. On the last, there is no consensus for treatment of malignant GOO. Endoscopic duodenal stents are associated with shorter length of stay and faster relief to oral intake with more recurrent symptoms. Surgical gastrojejunostomy shows better long-term results and lower re-intervention rates, but there are limited data about laparoscopic approach...
May 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759082/barriers-to-identifying-eating-disorders-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-postnatal-period-a-qualitative-approach
#17
Amanda Bye, Jill Shawe, Debra Bick, Abigail Easter, Megan Kash-Macdonald, Nadia Micali
BACKGROUND: Eating Disorders (ED) are mental health disorders that typically effect women of childbearing age and are associated with adverse maternal and infant outcomes. UK healthcare guidance recommends routine enquiry for current and past mental illness in antenatal and postnatal care for all women, and that pregnant women with a known ED are offered enhanced monitoring and support. Midwives and health visitors are ideally placed to identify and support women with ED as they are often the primary point of contact during the antenatal and postnatal periods...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757885/maximizing-your-nutrition-minute-bridging-nutritional-gaps-across-the-life-span
#18
Wendy L Wright, Kathleen M Zelman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Poor diet quality has been associated with increased mortality and an increased risk of chronic disease. Given the shortfalls in the typical American diet and the prevalence of nutrition-related chronic disease among US adults, the need for nutrition education is paramount. Nurse practitioners (NPs) are well placed to provide basic nutrition counseling but often face challenges to making this a reality. In a typical office visit, the time available to discuss diet and nutrition can be as little as one minute or less...
March 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755730/having-concomitant-asthma-phenotypes-is-common-and-independently-relates-to-poor-lung-function-in-nhanes-2007-2012
#19
Rita Amaral, João A Fonseca, Tiago Jacinto, Ana M Pereira, Andrei Malinovschi, Christer Janson, Kjell Alving
Background: Evidence for distinct asthma phenotypes and their overlap is becoming increasingly relevant to identify personalized and targeted therapeutic strategies. In this study, we aimed to describe the overlap of five commonly reported asthma phenotypes in US adults with current asthma and assess its association with asthma outcomes. Methods: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 2007-2012 were used (n = 30,442). Adults with current asthma were selected...
2018: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753806/the-association-between-income-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-is-moderated-by-utilitarian-lifestyles-a-nationally-representative-us-population-nhanes-1999-2014
#20
Lisa Kakinami, Rita Wissa, Rahid Khan, Gilles Paradis, Tracie A Barnett, Lise Gauvin
The objective of this study was to determine whether the relationship between income and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) persists after accounting for a person's utilitarian PA (all non-LTPA), sociodemographic characteristics and transportation PA. Data were from eight cycles (1999-2014) of the nationally representative samples of the US adult population from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n = 35,239). Whether the poverty income ratio (0-1.3, 1.3-1.86, 1.86+ [reference]) was associated with minutes of LTPA (moderate, vigorous) after stratifying for utilitarian PA (sedentary, light, moderate, and vigorous) was assessed in multiple linear regressions adjusted for age, sex, race, education, marital status, weight status, hours worked, and minutes of transportation-related PA in the past week...
May 10, 2018: Preventive Medicine
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