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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934232/economic-costs-and-health-related-quality-of-life-for-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-hfmd-patients-in-china
#1
Yaming Zheng, Mark Jit, Joseph T Wu, Juan Yang, Kathy Leung, Qiaohong Liao, Hongjie Yu
BACKGROUND: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common illness in China that mainly affects infants and children. The objective of this study is to assess the economic cost and health-related quality of life associated with HFMD in China. METHOD: A telephone survey of caregivers were conducted in 31 provinces across China. Caregivers of laboratory-confirmed HFMD patients who were registered in the national HFMD enhanced surveillance database during 2012-2013 were invited to participate in the survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933101/-discussion-on-relevant-theories-of-qi-blood-shen-and-formula-implication-of-guan-xin-jing-capsule
#2
Rui-Ping Li, Guo-Hua Yu, Jun-Fang Li, Shi-Huan Tang
In the field of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM),the definition of "Shen" contains a broad concept and a narrow concept. Broad "Shen" is the dominator and administrator of human vital movement,while narrow "Shen" means spirit, consciousness, thinking and emotions of human. "Shen" originates from innate essence of parents, and survives on acquired essence of water and food as well as the nutrition of its metaplastic Qi-Blood-Body fluid. Qi-Blood,the most precious asset of human body, is a quite important section of one person and the central material basis of "Shen-Zhi"...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930718/estimating-usual-intake-in-the-2nd-bavarian-food-consumption-survey-comparison-of-the-results-derived-by-the-national-cancer-institute-method-and-a-basic-individual-means-approach
#3
Nina Wawro, Christina Kleiser, Stephanie Himmerich, Kurt Gedrich, Heiner Boeing, Sven Knueppel, Jakob Linseisen
BACKGROUND: The valid estimation of the usual dietary intake remains a challenge till date. We applied the method suggested by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to data from the 2nd Bavarian Food Consumption Survey (BVS II) and compared it to an individual means approach. METHODS: Within the cross-sectional BVS II, 1,050 Bavarian residents aged 13-80 years participated in a personal interview and completed three 24-h dietary recalls by telephone interview. For the 13 main food groups and 23 subgroups the usual intake was calculated by (1) an individual means approach and (2) by the NCI method...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929989/measuring-orthorexia-nervosa-psychometric-limitations-of-the-orto-15
#4
María Roncero, Juan Ramón Barrada, Conxa Perpiñá
Orthorexia nervosa has recently been defined as excessive preoccupation with healthy eating, causing significant nutritional deficiencies and social and personal impairments. The ORTO-15 is the most widely used instrument to evaluate orthorexia nervosa, although previous studies obtained inconsistent results about its psychometric properties, and there are no data on the Spanish version. Thus, the main objective of the present study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish adaptation of the ORTO-15...
September 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929887/retail-food-reform-how-to-effectively-bridge-what-we-say-and-what-we-do-in-our-hospital-settings
#5
Laurie Dojeiji, Andra Taylor, Cholly Boland, Carolyn Brennan, Randy Penney
Hospital leaders in Eastern Ontario, Canada, have acknowledged the critical role of food to health and the need for progressive change that goes beyond personal responsibility paradigms. The Healthy Foods in Champlain Hospitals program aims to create supportive, healthy nutrition environments in hospital retail food settings. Twenty independent hospital corporations have collectively initiated a plan to transition cafeteria, vending, franchise, and volunteer operations towards healthier offerings. Hospitals are actively implementing a set of progressively phased, evidence-based nutrition criteria, which cover food and beverage categories, preparation methods, product placement, and provision of nutrition information...
March 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926994/the-metabolic-response-to-stress-and-infection-in-critically-ill-children-the-opportunity-of-an-individualized-approach
#6
REVIEW
Valentina De Cosmi, Gregorio Paolo Milani, Alessandra Mazzocchi, Veronica D'Oria, Marco Silano, Edoardo Calderini, Carlo Agostoni
The metabolic response to stress and infection is closely related to the corresponding requirements of energy and nutrients. On a general level, the response is driven by a complex endocrine network and related to the nature and severity of the insult. On an individual level, the effects of nutritional interventions are highly variable and a possible source of complications. This narrative review aims to discuss the metabolic changes in critically-ill children and the potential of developing personalized nutritional interventions...
September 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925766/correlation-of-types-of-food-and-asthma-diagnosis-in-childhood-a-case-control-study
#7
Souheil Hallit, Chantal Raherison, Rita Abou Abdallah, Rabih Hallit, Pascale Salameh
BACKGROUND: Studies concerning asthma in Lebanon investigated environmental and personal factors but none of them took into account the effect of nutritional habits. Our objective is to assess the effect of nutritional habits on asthma and allergies in Lebanese children aged between 3-16 years old. METHODS: This is a case-control study, conducted between December 2015 and April 2016. The Food Frequency Questionnaire was composed of 16 semi-quantitative questions covering different food categories...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925580/nutrition-hygiene-and-stimulation-education-to-improve-growth-cognitive-language-and-motor-development-among-infants-in-uganda-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#8
Grace K M Muhoozi, Prudence Atukunda, Lien M Diep, Robert Mwadime, Archileo N Kaaya, Anne B Skaare, Tiril Willumsen, Ane C Westerberg, Per O Iversen
Stunting is associated with impaired cognitive and motor function. The effect of an education intervention including nutrition, stimulation, sanitation, and hygiene on child growth and cognitive/language/motor development, delivered to impoverished mothers in Uganda, was assessed. In a community-based, open cluster-randomized trial, 511 mother/children dyads aged 6-8 months were enrolled to an intervention (n = 263) or control (n = 248) group. The primary outcome was change in length-for-age z-score at age 20-24 months...
September 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925532/the-interplay-between-regulatory-focus-and-temporal-distance-in-the-health-context
#9
Aleksandra Berezowska, Arnout R H Fischer, Hans C M van Trijp
OBJECTIVES: This study identifies how the interaction between temporal distance, regulatory focus, and framing of health outcomes affects individuals' intention to adopt a personalized nutrition service. DESIGN: A 2 (temporal distance: immediate health outcomes vs. delayed health outcomes) × 2 (regulatory focus: prevention vs. promotion) × 2 (health outcome framing: illness prevention vs. health promotion) full-factorial between-subjects design. METHODS: In two experiments with samples of 236 and 242 students, regulatory focus was manipulated by asking participants to describe which academic outcomes they want to either achieve or prevent and how they aim to do this...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923236/emergency-nurses-knowledge-and-self-rated-practice-skills-when-caring-for-older-patients-in-the-emergency-department
#10
Helen Rawson, Paul N Bennett, Cherene Ockerby, Alison M Hutchinson, Julie Considine
BACKGROUND: Older adults are high users of emergency department services and their care requirements can present challenges for emergency nurses. Although clinical outcomes for older patients improve when they are cared for by nurses with specialist training, emergency nurses' knowledge and self-assessment of care for older patients is poorly understood. AIM: To assess emergency nurses' knowledge and self-rating of practice when caring for older patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-report survey of emergency nurses (n=101) in Melbourne, Australia...
September 8, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921689/associations-between-eating-disorder-related-symptoms-and-participants-utilization-of-an-individualized-internet-based-prevention-and-early-intervention-program
#11
Sally Kindermann, Markus Moessner, Fikret Ozer, Stephanie Bauer
OBJECTIVE: Flexible, individualized interventions allow participants to adjust the intensity of support to their current needs. Between-persons, participants with greater needs can receive more intense support, within-persons, participants can adjust utilization to their current level of symptoms. The purpose of the present study was to analyze associations between ED-related symptoms and utilization of the individualized program ProYouth both between- and within-persons, aiming to investigate whether participants adapt utilization intensity to their current needs...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920970/-mind-your-teeth-the-relationship-between-mastication-and-cognition
#12
R A F Weijenberg, S Delwel, B V Ho, C D Wierink, F Lobbezoo
Elderly persons, especially those suffering from dementia, are at great risk of suffering from oral health problems such as orofacial pain and loss of natural teeth. A possible explanation could be that the cognitive and motor impairments resulting from dementia cause a decrease in self-care and as such, a worsening of oral health. An alternative explanation is that cognition and oral health influence each other. Animal studies show that a decrease in masticatory activity, for example due to a soft diet or loss of teeth, causes memory loss and neuronal degeneration...
September 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919432/chronic-pain-and-telomere-length-in-community-dwelling-adults-findings-from-the-1999-2002-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#13
Alta M Steward, Julia D Morgan, Juan P Espinosa, Dennis C Turk, Kushang V Patel
Chronic pain is a common condition associated with psychological distress, functional impairments, and age-associated comorbidity. Preliminary studies, based on relatively small sample sizes, suggest that the combination of chronic pain and stress is associated with telomere shortening, a widely recognized marker of cellular aging. We sought to determine the cross-sectional association of chronic pain with telomere length in 7,816 community-dwelling adults ages 20 and older who participated in the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919118/global-regional-and-national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-333-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-for-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Measurement of changes in health across locations is useful to compare and contrast changing epidemiological patterns against health system performance and identify specific needs for resource allocation in research, policy development, and programme decision making. Using the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016, we drew from two widely used summary measures to monitor such changes in population health: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE)...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917491/strengths-and-challenges-of-the-alaska-wic-breastfeeding-peer-counselor-program-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study-of-program-implementation
#15
Katie Cueva, Sarah Shimer, Dana Kent, Alan C Geller, K Viswanath, Teresa T Fung
OBJECTIVE: To explore the implementation of a breastfeeding (BF) peer counselor (BFPC) program with Alaska Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). METHODS: The study used focus groups, surveys, and interviews, with transcripts analyzed in Atlas.ti and survey data summarized in Microsoft Excel. RESULTS: Respondents included 33 interviewed WIC staff and BFPCs, 25 clients in focus groups, and 129 surveyed clients...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917243/association-between-rice-intake-and-all-cause-mortality-among-chinese-adults-findings-from-the-jiangsu-nutrition-study
#16
Zumin Shi, Shiqi Zhen, Lu Qi, Yijing Zhou, Anne W Taylor
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The few studies that have assessed the association between rice intake and mortality have generated inconsistent results. We assessed whether rice intake was associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, cancer mortality and all-cause mortality in a prospective cohort of the Chinese population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively studied 2,832 adults aged 20 years and above with a mean follow up of 10 years. Rice intake was measured by a 3-day weighed food record (WFR) in 2002...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915883/plasma-trans-fatty-acids-levels-and-mortality-a-cohort-study-based-on-1999-2000-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#17
Haibo Li, Qian Zhang, Jiangen Song, Anshi Wang, Yunfei Zou, Lei Ding, Yufeng Wen
BACKGROUND: Trans-fatty acids (TFAs) occur in small amounts in nature but became widely produced by the food industry. The hazardous effects of different TFA subtypes to human health are controversial. We aimed to evaluate the association of plasma TFAs levels (elaidic acid, vaccenic acid, palmitelaidic acid, and linoelaidic acid) with mortality. METHODS: Utilizing 1999-2000 Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and linked mortality data, we performed a cohort study with 1456 participants and used Cox proportional hazards models and penalized smoothing spline plots to elucidate the relationships between TFAs and all-cause, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and cancer mortality...
September 16, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902873/sarcopenia-in-patients-with-hip-fracture-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#18
Ole Martin Steihaug, Clara Gram Gjesdal, Bård Bogen, Målfrid Holen Kristoffersen, Gunhild Lien, Anette Hylen Ranhoff
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is prevalent in older persons and is a risk factor for falls, fractures, and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine a) the feasibility of determining sarcopenia in patients with acute hip fracture, b) the prevalence of sarcopenia and c) associations of sarcopenia with nutritional status and comorbidities. METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study on sarcopenia in male and female patients with acute hip fracture. Participants were previously ambulatory and living in the community...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894703/health-related-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-of-elderly-by-occupational-status
#19
Yeunhee Kwak, Yoonjung Kim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the association between health-related quality of life and mental health by elderly Koreans' occupational status. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study consisted of a secondary analysis of data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V-3 (2012). The sample comprised 1431 people aged 65 yr and older. RESULTS: Compared to participants employed, those not showed lower HRQOL...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893819/agriculture-and-health-sectors-collaborate-in-addressing-population-health
#20
Arthur Kaufman, Jon Boren, Sonja Koukel, Francisco Ronquillo, Cindy Davies, Carolina Nkouaga
PURPOSE: Population health is of growing importance in the changing health care environment. The Cooperative Extension Service, housed in each state's land grant university, has a major impact on population health through its many community-based efforts, including the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program - Education (SNAP-Ed) nutrition programs, 4-H youth engagement, health and wellness education, and community development. Can the agricultural and health sectors, which usually operate in parallel, mostly unknown to each other, collaborate to address population health? We set out to provide an overview of the collaboration between the Cooperative Extension Service and the health sector in various states and describe a case study of 1 model as it developed in New Mexico...
September 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
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