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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647929/vitamin-d-status-among-israeli-medical-residents
#1
Hadar Moran-Lev, Dror Mandel, Yosef Weisman, Amit Ovental, Ronit Lubetzky
BACKGROUND: Israel is a country with a sunny climate; however, vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are common findings in certain populations whose exposure to sunlight is limited. Medical residency is known for long indoor working hours, thus theoretically limiting the opportunities for sun exposure. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the vitamin D status among residents in a single medical center in Tel Aviv is below the normal range. METHODS: Forty-six residents (28 females, 18 males, average age 33...
June 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647292/risk-factors-of-refeeding-syndrome-in-malnourished-older-hospitalized-patients
#2
Maryam Pourhassan, Ingeborg Cuvelier, Ilse Gehrke, Christian Marburger, Mirja Katrin Modreker, Dorothee Volkert, Hans-Peter Willschrei, Rainer Wirth
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite the high prevalence of malnutrition among older hospitalized persons, it is unknown how many of these malnourished patients are at risk of developing the refeeding syndrome (RFS). In this study, we sought to compare the prevalence and severity of malnutrition among older hospitalized patients with prevalence of known risk factors of RFS. METHODS: This cross-sectional multicenter-study investigated older participants who were consecutively admitted to the geriatric acute care ward...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646836/biochemical-parameters-as-monitoring-markers-of-the-inflammatory-reaction-by-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#3
Petra Lenártová, Jana Kopčeková, Martina Gažarová, Jana Mrázová, Joanna Wyka
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an airway inflammatory disease caused by inhalation of toxic particles, mainly cigarette smoking, and now is accepted as a disease associated with systemic characteristics. Objective: The aim of this work was to investigate and compare selected biochemical parameters in patients with and without COPD. Material and Methods: Observation group consisted of clinically stable patients with COPD (n = 60)...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646814/nutritional-management-of-metabolic-endotoxemia-a-clinical-review
#4
Benjamin I Brown
Context • Diet-induced, metabolic endotoxemia is emerging as an important contributory factor to the development of a wide range of chronic diseases, including cardiometabolic, autoimmune, psychiatric, and neurodegenerative illnesses. Emerging human clinical studies have demonstrated that diet and dietary components are potent modifiers of circulating endotoxins and can be used to reduce plasma levels significantly and improve metabolic health. Objective • The aim of the current study was to explore briefly the concept of metabolic endotoxemia and its relationship to disease development, to examine the influence of diet and dietary components on circulating endotoxins, and, finally, discuss the clinical relevance of nutritional interventions for management of metabolic endotoxemia...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642381/chemical-transformation-of-xenobiotics-by-the-human-gut-microbiota
#5
REVIEW
Nitzan Koppel, Vayu Maini Rekdal, Emily P Balskus
The human gut microbiota makes key contributions to the metabolism of ingested compounds (xenobiotics), transforming hundreds of dietary components, industrial chemicals, and pharmaceuticals into metabolites with altered activities, toxicities, and lifetimes within the body. The chemistry of gut microbial xenobiotic metabolism is often distinct from that of host enzymes. Despite their important consequences for human biology, the gut microbes, genes, and enzymes involved in xenobiotic metabolism are poorly understood...
June 23, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642216/what-predicts-online-health-information-seeking-behavior-among-egyptian-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Mayada Ghweeba, Antje Lindenmeyer, Sobhi Shishi, Mostafa Abbas, Amani Waheed, Shaymaa Amer
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, the Internet has become an important source of health-related information for a wide range of users worldwide. Yet, little is known about the personal characteristics of Egyptian Internet users who search for online health information (OHI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify the personal characteristics of Egyptian OHI seekers and to determine any associations between their personal characteristics and their health information-seeking behavior...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641594/relationship-between-abdominal-obesity-and-alcohol-drinking-pattern-in-normal-weight-middle-aged-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#7
Kye-Yeung Park, Hoon-Ki Park, Hwan-Sik Hwang
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal obesity is associated with obesity-related health risks regardless of body weight. The present study aimed to determine whether alcohol drinking pattern is associated with abdominal obesity in normal-weight, middle-aged adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using complex sampling design analyses. SETTING: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was conducted from 2008 to 2013. SUBJECTS: Normal-weight participants aged 40-69 years with BMI of 18·5-25·0 kg/m2 (n 11 289, 4491 men and 6798 women) were included...
June 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634625/serum-antioxidant-capacity-biochemical-profile-and-body-composition-of-breast-cancer-survivors-in-a-randomized-mediterranean-dietary-intervention-study
#8
Maria Skouroliakou, D Grosomanidis, P Massara, C Kostara, P Papandreou, D Ntountaniotis, G Xepapadakis
PURPOSE: Increasing evidence suggests that Mediterranean Diet (MD) is correlated with reduced risk of breast cancer (BC) and cancer mortality, since it modifies patients' serum antioxidant capacity, body composition and biochemical parameters. The aim of the study was to investigate whether a dietary intervention based on MD has a beneficial effect on these factors. METHODS: In this intervention study, seventy female BC survivors were randomly assigned to (1) the intervention group (personalized dietary intervention based on MD) and (2) the control group (received the updated American Cancer Society Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity for Cancer Prevention and ad libitum diet)...
June 20, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633872/frozen-yogurt-and-ice-cream-were-less-healthy-than-yogurt-and-adding-toppings-reduced-their-nutrition-value-evidence-from-1999-2014-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#9
Ruopeng An, Ning Jiang
It was hypothesized that frozen yogurt and ice cream would be less healthy than yogurt. We examined daily energy and nutrient intake from yogurt, frozen yogurt, and ice cream among US adults. In-person 24-hour dietary recall data (n=6453) came from the 1999-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Regression analyses were performed to examine the differences in energy/nutrient intake from frozen yogurt and ice cream (with/without toppings) in comparison to yogurt. Approximately 5.3%, 0.9%, and 14...
June 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631933/a-salt-reduction-smartphone-app-supports-lower-salt-food-purchases-for-people-with-cardiovascular-disease-findings-from-the-saltswitch-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Helen Eyles, Rebecca McLean, Bruce Neal, Yannan Jiang, Robert N Doughty, Rachael McLean, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
Background SaltSwitch is an innovative smartphone application (app) that enables shoppers to scan the barcode of a packaged food and receive an immediate, interpretive, traffic light nutrition label on the screen, along with suggestions for lower salt alternatives. Our aim was to determine the effectiveness of SaltSwitch to support people with cardiovascular disease to make lower salt food choices. Design Six-week, two-arm, parallel, randomised controlled trial in Auckland, New Zealand (2 weeks baseline and 4 weeks intervention)...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631241/improving-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-overweight-and-inactive-patients-through-an-educational-and-motivational-intervention-addressing-diet-and-physical-activity-a-prospective-study-in-naples-south-italy
#11
Francesca Gallé, Valeria Di Onofrio, Assunta Cirella, Mirella Di Dio, Alessandra Miele, Tiziana Spinosa, Giorgio Liguori
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition and physical activity are key elements in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. A community-based, multidisciplinary educational intervention aimed to improve quality of life and disease self-management in sedentary, overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients was implemented in Naples, South Italy. METHODS: The 9-month intervention included a motivational program, a nutrition program, and an exercise program. Satisfaction, worry, and embarrassment regarding their condition, together with disease-related behaviors and propensity towards physical activity, were evaluated through a validated questionnaire before and after the intervention; health status perception was evaluated through the short-form 12 questionnaire...
June 19, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630084/maternal-lifestyle-and-nutritional-status-in-relation-to-pregnancy-and-infant-health-outcomes-in-western-china-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Li Tang, Xiong-Fei Pan, Andy H Lee, Colin W Binns, Chun-Xia Yang, Xin Sun
INTRODUCTION: Improving the health and nutrition of women and children is a priority for Western China, where the economy is less developed. Due to the dynamic nature of lifestyle, modern food habits and nutrition, there is a need to update our limited knowledge and understanding of maternal lifestyle and nutritional status and their impact on pregnancy and infant health outcomes. While breast milk is the preferred feeding option, infant formula use is widespread in China. It is thus necessary to examine the effects of formula consumption on growth and morbidity...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627060/clinical-nutrition-counselling-service-in-the-veterinary-hospital-retrospective-analysis-of-equine-patients-and-nutritional-considerations
#13
D Vergnano, D Bergero, E Valle
Nutrition plays a very important role in the healthy and in the ill horse. Although research in this field clearly shows that incorrect nutritional practices may lead to severe pathologies, inappropriate feeding plans often continue to be used. A clinical nutrition counselling (CNC) service could thus be of great use to both horse owners and veterinarians. The aim of this study was to provide information on equine patients referred to the CNC service of the University of Turin and to provide standard dietary protocols as used in our Veterinary Teaching Hospital for the most common nutrition-related pathologies...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627059/first-detailed-nutritional-survey-in-a-referral-companion-animal-population
#14
V L Vandendriessche, P Picavet, M Hesta
Optimal nutrition in every life stage and certainly in diseased animals will contribute greatly to improve overall health and quality of life. The 5th VA guidelines have been designed to help veterinarians to implement a nutritional assessment into every patient, every time it comes into their practice. This nutritional survey in referral patients was conducted by one person skilled in acquiring detailed nutritional information and evaluating nutritional status. Two goals were set as follows: first to gain more insight into the nutritional status and management of referred patients and second to gain more insight in the nutritional recommendations given by the treating veterinarian...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625662/experiences-and-perceptions-of-adults-accessing-publicly-available-nutrition-behavior-change-mobile-apps-for-weight-management
#15
Jessica R L Lieffers, Jose F Arocha, Kelly Grindrod, Rhona M Hanning
BACKGROUND: Nutrition mobile apps have become accessible and popular weight-management tools available to the general public. To date, much of the research has focused on quantitative outcomes with these tools (eg, weight loss); little is known about user experiences and perceptions of these tools when used outside of a research trial environment. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to understand the experiences and perceptions of adult volunteers who have used publicly available mobile apps to support nutrition behavior change for weight management...
June 15, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620976/oral-nutritional-supplement-use-in-relation-to-length-of-stay-in-heart-failure-patients-at-a-regional-medical-center
#16
Ellen B Babb, James Rohrer
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Improving the nutritional status of hospitalized patients has been shown to reduce length of stay (LOS), hospital costs, readmission rates, complication rates, and mortality. Provision of nutrient-rich, liquid, oral nutrition supplements (ONS) is one approach to improve nutritional status. Little information is available on ONS use and LOS among heart failure patients. METHODS: This study used a retrospective design to examine whether routine ONS use was associated with hospital LOS among 570 heart failure inpatients (89 ONS = yes; 481 ONS = no) at a regional medical center, adjusting for significant personal, locational, and time variables using multiple logistic regression analysis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616415/quality-evaluation-of-persian-nutrition-and-diet-therapy-websites
#17
Zahra Gholizadeh, Ahmad Papi, Hasan Ashrafi-Rizi, Leila Shahrzadi, Akbar Hasanzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays websites are among the most important information sources used by most people. With the spread of websites, especially those related to health issues, the number of their visitors also increases, more than half of which are about nutritional information. Therefore, quality analysis of nutrition and diet therapy websites is of outmost importance. This study aims to evaluate the quality of Persian nutrition and diet therapy websites. METHODS: The current work is a survey study and uses an applied study method...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613245/population-characteristics-in-a-tertiary-pain-service-cohort-experiencing-chronic-non-cancer-pain-weight-status-comorbidities-and-patient-goals
#18
Katherine Brain, Tracy Burrows, Megan E Rollo, Chris Hayes, Fiona J Hodson, Clare E Collins
We describe the characteristics of patients attending an Australian tertiary multidisciplinary pain service and identify areas for nutrition interventions. This cross-sectional study targets patients experiencing chronic pain who attended the service between June-December 2014. Self-reported data was captured from: (1) an Electronic Persistent Pain Outcomes Collaboration (ePPOC) referral questionnaire, incorporating demographics, pain status, and mental health; (2) a Pain Assessment and Recovery Plan (PARP), which documents patients' perceived problems associated with pain and personal treatment goals...
June 14, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609534/effect-of-low-dose-ferrous-sulfate-vs-iron-polysaccharide-complex-on-hemoglobin-concentration-in-young-children-with-nutritional-iron-deficiency-anemia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Jacquelyn M Powers, George R Buchanan, Leah Adix, Song Zhang, Ang Gao, Timothy L McCavit
Importance: Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) affects millions of persons worldwide, and is associated with impaired neurodevelopment in infants and children. Ferrous sulfate is the most commonly prescribed oral iron despite iron polysaccharide complex possibly being better tolerated. Objective: To compare the effect of ferrous sulfate with iron polysaccharide complex on hemoglobin concentration in infants and children with nutritional IDA. Design, Setting, and Participants: Double-blind, superiority randomized clinical trial of infants and children aged 9 to 48 months with nutritional IDA (assessed by history and laboratory criteria) that was conducted in an outpatient hematology clinic at a US tertiary care hospital from September 2013 through November 2015; 12-week follow-up ended in January 2016...
June 13, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608924/sensory-texture-analysis-of-thickened-liquids-during-ingestion
#20
Edgar Chambers, Alicia Jenkins, Jane Mertz Garcia
Practitioners support the use of thickened liquids for many patients with disordered swallowing. Although physical measures have highlighted differences among products there are questions about the ability of the measures to fully explain the sensory texture effects during swallowing of thickened liquids. This study used a trained sensory panel to describe the textural aspects of liquids during ingestion and swallowing. The lexicon was able to characterize differences in beverages, thickeners, and thickness levels with the most important attribute being viscosity, which loaded heavily in the almost one-dimensional space that resulted from the sensory analysis of these beverages...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
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