keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychotherapie

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351711/-beck-anxiety-inventory-german-version-a-reliable-valid-patientfriendly-instrument-for-measuring-clinical-anxiety
#1
Edgar Geissner, Anne Huetteroth
The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) is available in German. Apart from data in its manual, there are no further reports on the psychometric properties of this questionnaire and on its suitability for clinical use in Germany. This study therefore offers an independent investigation into the psychometrics as well as the clinical characteristics of the BAI. Three samples with n=145, n=90, and n=174 comprised inpatients diagnosed with anxiety disorders and treated in a large psychosomatic hospital. In addition to the BAI, the clinician rating Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HamA), the State-Trait-Anxiety Inventory (STAI) as well as the two anxiety subscales of the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL 90) were used to establish convergent validity...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351710/-implementation-of-an-internet-based-self-help-for-patients-waiting-for-outpatient-psychotherapy-first-results
#2
Kristina Fuhr, Bettina Fahse, Martin Hautzinger, Marco Daniel Gulewitsch
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies prove the efficacy of internet-based self-help programs, but integration into the health-care system was rarely investigated. The present study addresses the implementation of an internet-based self-help program into routine care of patients with depressive symptoms waiting for psychotherapy at the university outpatient center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients waiting for outpatient psychotherapy were randomly assigned to either a control group or an intervention group that received access to the internet-based program Deprexis during the waiting period...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351116/treatment-of-postpartum-depression-recommendations-for-the-clinician
#3
Michael W O'Hara, Jane Engeldinger
Postpartum depression is a significant public health problem affecting almost 600,000 US women every year. It may arise de novo in the postpartum period or continue from pregnancy. A number of evidence-based psychotherapies and medical treatments exist for major depression and postpartum depression. The obstetrical team has many opportunities to identify high risk and depressed women and refer them to mental health professionals or begin treatment with antidepressant medication. Careful assessment of risk factors for postpartum depression during pregnancy and monitoring depressive symptoms during pregnancy and the postpartum period will lead to better outcomes for women and their families...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349881/speech-and-language-therapists-perspectives-of-therapeutic-alliance-construction-and-maintenance-in-aphasia-rehabilitation-post-stroke
#4
Michelle Lawton, Karen Sage, Gillian Haddock, Paul Conroy, Laura Serrant
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic alliance refers to the interactional and relational processes operating during therapeutic interventions. It has been shown to be a strong determinant of treatment efficacy in psychotherapy, and evidence is emerging from a range of healthcare and medical disciplines to suggest that the construct of therapeutic alliance may in fact be a variable component of treatment outcome, engagement and satisfaction. Although this construct appears to be highly relevant to aphasia rehabilitation, no research to date has attempted to explore this phenomenon and thus consider its potential utility as a mechanism for change...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347891/changing-character-a-narrative-review-of-personality-change-in-psychotherapies-for-personality-disorder
#5
John R Keefe, Robert J DeRubeis
OBJECTIVE: Personality disorder (PD) is a negative prognostic indicator for treatment, and absolute improvements in functioning among these patients are often modest. This may be because personality features that give rise to dysfunction in PD are not targeted optimally during most treatments. METHOD: Attachment, mentalization, core beliefs, and personality organization/defense use were identified as personality constructs that have been pursued in treatment studies and that are proposed to underlie PD...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347888/patient-baseline-interpersonal-problems-as-moderators-of-outcome-in-two-psychotherapies-for-bulimia-nervosa
#6
Juan Martin Gomez Penedo, Michael J Constantino, Alice E Coyne, Samantha L Bernecker, Lotte Smith-Hansen
OBJECTIVE: We tested an aptitude by treatment interaction; namely, whether patients' baseline interpersonal problems moderated the comparative efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) vs. interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for bulimia nervosa (BN). METHOD: Data derived from a randomized-controlled trial. Patients reported on their interpersonal problems at baseline; purge frequency at baseline, midtreatment, and posttreatment; and global eating disorder severity at baseline and posttreatment...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346789/mentalization-and-self-efficacy-as-mediators-between-psychological-symptom-severity-and-disabilities-in-activities-and-participation-in-psychotherapy-patients
#7
Thomas Probst, Maria Dehoust, Anna Levke Brütt, Holger Schulz, Christoph Pieh, Sylke Andreas
BACKGROUND: Psychotherapy patients can be more or less disabled by their psychological symptoms. The present study investigated whether mentalization and self-efficacy contribute to the association between psychological symptom severity and disabilities in activities and participation. METHODS: The data of 216 psychotherapy inpatients were examined in a cross-sectional design. Bootstrapping-enhanced mediation analyses were performed to investigate whether self-efficacy and mentalization are mediators between psychological symptom severity and disabilities in activities and participation...
January 19, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345581/premorbid-and-illness-related-social-difficulties-in-eating-disorders-an-overview-of-the-literature-and-treatment-developments
#8
Valentina Cardi, Kate Tchanturia, Janet Treasure
Social difficulties in eating disorders can manifest as predisposing traits and premorbid difficulties, and/or as consequences of the illness. Objective The aim of this paper is to briefly review the evidence for social problems in people with eating disorders and to consider the literature on treatments that target these features. Method A narrative review of the literature was conducted. Results People with eating disorders often manifest traits, such as shyness, increased tendency to submissiveness and social comparison, and problems with peer relationships before illness onset...
January 17, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345530/who-benefits-from-psychotherapies-for-adult-depression-a-meta-analytic-update-of-the-evidence
#9
Pim Cuijpers, Eirini Karyotaki, Mirjam Reijnders, Marcus J H Huibers
It is not clear whether specific target groups for psychotherapies in adult depression benefit as much from these treatments as other patients. We examined target groups that have been examined in randomized trials, including women, older adults, students, minorities, patients with general medical disorders, and specific types of depression, and we examined where patients were recruited. We conducted subgroup and multivariate metaregression analyses in a sample of 256 trials (with 332 comparisons) comparing psychotherapy with an inactive control condition...
January 18, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345528/linguistic-analysis-of-patients-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-during-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#10
Anke R Sonnenschein, Stefan G Hofmann, Tobias Ziegelmayer, Wolfgang Lutz
We analyzed the verbal behavior of patients with mood or/and anxiety disorders during psychotherapy. Investigating the words people used, we expected differences due to cognitive and emotional foci in patients with depression vs. anxiety. Transcripts of therapy sessions from 85 outpatients treated with cognitive behavioral therapy were analyzed using the software program Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count. Multivariate group comparisons were carried out investigating the LIWC-categories first-person-singular pronouns, sad, anxiety and fillers...
January 18, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345495/milton-frank-shore-1928-2017
#11
Robert Henley Woody
Presents an obituary for Milton Frank Shore, who passed away on January 6, 2017, due to pneumonia. During a long career, he was a tireless advocate for children, particularly those who were underserved. In addition, he made important contributions as an author, editor, and administrator. He was actively engaged in independent practice at the time of his death. Milt was one of the founders of American Psychological Association (APA) Division 37 (Child, Youth, and Family Services) and served as its president (1978-1979)...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344631/a-brief-exposure-based-treatment-vs-cognitive-processing-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-randomized-noninferiority-clinical-trial
#12
Denise M Sloan, Brian P Marx, Daniel J Lee, Patricia A Resick
Importance: Written exposure therapy (WET), a 5-session intervention, has been shown to efficaciously treat posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, this treatment has not yet been directly compared with a first-line PTSD treatment such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT). Objective: To determine if WET is noninferior to CPT in patients with PTSD. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this randomized clinical trial conducted at a Veterans Affairs medical facility between February 28, 2013, and November 6, 2016, 126 veteran and nonveteran adults were randomized to either WET or CPT...
January 17, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344343/the-role-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-in-preventing-relapse-of-major-depressive-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Steven S Clevenger, Devvrat Malhotra, Jonathan Dang, Brigitte Vanle, Waguih William IsHak
The objective of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and SSRIs compared with other treatment modalities in preventing relapse after an episode of major depressive disorder (MDD). An Ovid MEDLINE and PsycINFO search (from 1987 to August 2017) was conducted using the following terms: selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, antidepressants, depression, prevention, prophylaxis, relapse and MDD. Using predefined criteria, two authors independently selected and reached consensus on the included studies...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342312/maladaptive-repetitive-thought-as-a-transdiagnostic-phenomenon-and-treatment-target-an-integrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Deanna M Kaplan, Roman Palitsky, Angela L Carey, Tracy E Crane, Cody M Havens, Michael R Medrano, Samantha J Reznik, David A Sbarra, Mary-Frances O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: Maladaptive repetitive thought (RT), the frequent and repetitive revisiting of thoughts or internal experiences, is associated with a range of psychopathological processes and disorders. We present a synthesis of prior research on maladaptive RT and develop a framework for elucidating and distinguishing between five forms of maladaptive RT. METHOD: In addition to the previously studied maladaptive RT (worry, rumination, and obsession), this framework is used to identify two additional forms of maladaptive RT (yearning and interoceptive RT)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338942/international-consensus-icon-on-treatment-of-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#15
J Nevoux, M Barbara, J Dornhoffer, W Gibson, T Kitahara, V Darrouzet
OBJECTIVE: To present the international consensus for recommendations for Ménière's disease (MD) treatment. METHODS: Based on a literature review and report of 4 experts from 4 continents, the recommendations have been presented during the 21st IFOS congress in Paris, in June 2017 and are presented in this work. RESULTS: The recommendation is to change the lifestyle, to use the vestibular rehabilitation in the intercritic period and to propose psychotherapy...
January 12, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336611/interventions-to-improve-benzodiazepine-tapering-success-in-the-elderly-a-systematic-review
#16
Carol Dou, Johannes Rebane, Stan Bardal
BACKGROUND: Long-term benzodiazepine use in the elderly population is a significant public health problem that leads to impaired cognitive functioning, medication dependence and increased risks for adverse drug reactions. The aim of this review was to examine randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the efficacy of different methods for tapering and discontinuing benzodiazepines. METHOD: We used four databases (Ovid, PubMed, Academic Search Complete, Web of Science) to retrieve randomized controlled trials published in peer-reviewed journals that explored different methods for tapering benzodiazepine use in a primarily geriatric population...
January 16, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336228/the-multitheoretical-list-of-therapeutic-interventions-30-items-multi-30
#17
Nili Solomonov, Kevin S McCarthy, Bernard S Gorman, Jacques P Barber
OBJECTIVE: To develop a brief version of the Multitheoretical List of Therapeutic Interventions (MULTI-60) in order to decrease completion time burden by approximately half, while maintaining content coverage. Study 1 aimed to select 30 items. Study 2 aimed to examine the reliability and internal consistency of the MULTI-30. Study 3 aimed to validate the MULTI-30 and ensure content coverage. METHOD: In Study 1, the sample included 186 therapist and 255 patient MULTI ratings, and 164 ratings of sessions coded by trained observers...
January 16, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335360/activity-in-the-ventral-medial-prefrontal-cortex-is-necessary-for-the-therapeutic-effects-of-extinction-in-rats
#18
Elizabeth A Fucich, Denisse Paredes, Madeleine O Saunders, David A Morilak
Poor response and high relapse rates remain problematic in the treatment of stress-related psychiatric disorders like depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While mechanisms of pharmacotherapies are intensely studied, little is known about mechanisms of behavioral therapy that could inform improved treatments. We have previously demonstrated the therapeutic effects of extinction learning as a behavioral intervention modeling exposure therapy in rats. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that activity in the ventral medial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) during extinction is necessary for its therapeutic effects...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333493/a-quality-improvement-project-aimed-at-adapting-primary-care-to-ensure-the-delivery-of-evidence-based-psychotherapy-for-adult-anxiety
#19
Mark D Williams, Craig N Sawchuk, Nathan D Shippee, Kristin J Somers, Summer L Berg, Jay D Mitchell, Angela B Mattson, David J Katzelnick
Primary care patients frequently present with anxiety with prevalence ratios up to 30%. Brief cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) has been shown in meta-analytic studies to have a strong effect size in the treatment of anxiety. However, in surveys of anxious primary care patients, nearly 80% indicated that they had not received CBT. In 2010, a model of CBT (Coordinated Anxiety Learning and Management (CALM)) adapted to primary care for adult anxiety was published based on results of a randomised controlled trial...
2018: BMJ Open Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331692/memory-performance-predicts-response-to-psychotherapy-for-depression-in-bipolar-disorder-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-with-exploratory-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
Thilo Deckersbach, Amy T Peters, Conor Shea, Aishwarya Gosai, Jonathan P Stange, Andrew D Peckham, Kristen K Ellard, Michael W Otto, Scott L Rauch, Darin D Dougherty, Andrew A Nierenberg
OBJECTIVE: This pilot randomized controlled trial compared Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Supportive Psychotherapy (SP) for the treatment of depression in bipolar I disorder. We also examined whether exploratory verbal memory, executive functioning, and neural correlates of verbal memory during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) predicted change in depression severity. METHODS: Thirty-two adults (ages 18-65) with DSM-IV bipolar I disorder meeting current criteria for a major depressive episode were randomized to 18 weeks of CBT or SP...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
keyword
keyword
103166
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"