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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525733/contemporary-psychiatry-psychoanalysis-and-psychotherapy
#1
Paula Ravitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523673/the-function-of-language-in-parent-infant-psychotherapy
#2
Björn Salomonsson
Parent-infant psychotherapy, a rather new field in psychoanalysis, raises questions of how to conceptualize the clinical process. Previous publications have used semiotic concepts to account for the therapist's non-verbal communication and investigated the countertransference, including what the baby might grasp of its variations. The present paper focuses on another argument for using verbal interventions to a baby in therapy; they present him with a symbolic order that differs from that of the parent. The qualitative difference between the parent's and the analyst's address is conceptualized by Dolto's term parler vrai...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522978/change-during-psychotherapy-through-sand-play-tray-in-children-that-have-been-sexually-abused
#3
María D L Angeles Tornero, Claudia Capella
This paper presents the results of a qualitative study on the use of sandplay, or sand tray therapy, in the psychotherapeutic process of children who have been sexually abused. A longitudinal study was carried out with seven participants between the ages of 7 and 10 years old. Data was produced during observation of the therapeutic activity over the course of three different phases of treatment, using a rubric created especially for this observation. Three sandplay sessions were recorded: one at the start of therapy, one at the 3-month mark, and the third and final session after 6 months of treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516059/the-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-drug-therapy-on-quality-of-life-and-symptoms-of-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#4
Ali Hassanpour Dehkordi, Kamal Solati
Psychotherapy and drug therapy are considered useful in quality of life (QOL) and symptoms of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) associated with drug therapy in comparison to drug therapy alone on the QOL and symptoms of IBS patients with diarrhea predominance. This study was a randomized clinical trial on 64 IBS patients. The patients were selected according to Rome III criteria and were assigned into two groups...
April 2017: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514865/therapeutic-alliance-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-receiving-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-anxiety
#5
Connor M Kerns, Amanda Collier, Adam B Lewin, Eric A Storch
Symptoms of autism spectrum disorder may influence alliance in psychotherapy. This study examined therapeutic alliance and its relationship with child characteristics and anxiety treatment outcomes in youth with autism spectrum disorder. Youth ( N = 64) with autism spectrum disorder and co-occurring anxiety (7-16 years, IQ > 70) received 16 sessions of modular cognitive-behavioral therapy. Post-treatment therapist, youth and parent ratings of alliance as well as pre- and post-treatment ratings of child behavior were gathered...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513342/integration-in-the-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-of-severe-personality-disorders-the-conversational-model
#6
Joan Haliburn, Janine Stevenson, Shaun Halovic
The psychotherapy of commonly occurring severe personality disorders-borderline, narcissistic, avoidant, dependent, obsessive compulsive, and schizoid-presents the therapist with a unique therapeutic challenge, as each personality disorder rarely occurs alone. Integration of what is most useful and what works in each model is being proposed to enable a more successful approach to the diversity of presentations. We describe the conversational model, some outcome research, and descriptive studies to illustrate this...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512441/mapping-the-paths-from-styles-of-anger-experience-and-expression-to-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-the-moderating-roles-of-family-cohesion-and-adaptability
#7
Liang Liu, Cuilian Liu, Xudong Zhao
Previous research has shown strong connections of anger experience and expression with obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. Additionally, studies have demonstrated links between family environment variables and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Our study aims to integrate the perspectives from these two literatures by exploring the moderating roles of family cohesion and family adaptability in the relationship between anger proneness and suppression and OCD symptoms. A total of 2008 college students were recruited from a comprehensive university in Shanghai, China between February and May 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511824/psychiatric-disorders-and-pruritus
#8
Helen Gin Lee, Carolyn Stull, Gil Yosipovitch
The skin and psyche are intimately related with various skin diseases caused by or resulting in psychiatric disturbances. Pruritus is a commonly reported symptom in psychiatric patients, and likewise psychiatric co-morbidities, including anxiety and depression, are frequently seen in chronic pruritus patients. Primary psychodermatologic conditions, such as somatic symptom disorder, dermatitis artefacta, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (excoriation disorder and prurigo nodularis), delusional infestation, and substance use disorder, can all induce significant pruritus in patients, severely affecting their quality of life...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511562/a-review-of-cognitive-remediation-approaches-for-schizophrenia-from-top-down-to-bottom-up-brain-training-to-psychotherapy
#9
Michael W Best, Christopher R Bowie
Individuals with psychotic disorders experience profound impairment in neurocognition, which is consistently found to be the best predictor of independent community functioning. Several diverse behavioural treatments designed to enhance neurocognitive abilities have been developed, with subtle to stark differences among them. Various approaches, to varying degrees, have demonstrated success across diffuse outcomes: improved brain structure and function, performance on neuropsychological tests, and community activities associated with daily living...
May 16, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511263/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-functional-psychogenic-parkinsonism
#10
Kathrin LaFaver, Alberto J Espay
Functional (psychogenic) parkinsonism (FP) is recognized by the mandatory combination of marked slowness without progressive decrement on repetitive manual tasks and variable resistance against passive movements in the absence of cogwheel rigidity. Other functional phenotypes, such as functional tremor and functional gait impairment, may coexist. Although neither necessary nor sufficient for the diagnosis of FP, supportive historical clues include the sudden onset of symptoms and absent or nonphysiologic response to levodopa...
April 2017: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511242/-depression-and-comorbid-personality-disorder-effectiveness-of-psychodynamic-inpatient-psychotherapy
#11
Daniel Seidler, Ralf Schäfer, Dörte Jenett, Norbert Hartkamp, Matthias Franz
Objectives Depression is one of the most common illnesses. The effectiveness of psychodynamic psychotherapy on depressive symptom load has been demonstrated. However, for patients suffering from comorbid personality disorder (PD) a decreased benefit has been reported, as well as fewer rates of remission and extended duration of remission. However, findings are inconsistent. The objective of this study was to determine potential differences in therapy-outcome comparing female patients with and without comorbid PD...
May 16, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511238/-subjective-adverse-effects-during-outpatient-cbt-associations-to-patient-and-therapist-variables-and-to-the-therapeutic-alliance
#12
Anne Grüneberger, Franziska Einsle, Jürgen Hoyer, Bernhard Strauß, Michael Linden, Samia Härtling
Background Empirical data on variety, frequency, and prerequisites for unwanted side effects of psychotherapies are important regarding the planning, realization, and quality assurance of treatment. The study describes adverse effects of outpatient psychotherapy treatment and their association with patient, therapist and treatment characteristics. Methods To reduce memory bias, 70 outpatient psychotherapy patients fulfilled the Inventory for the Assessment of Negative Effects of Psychotherapy (INEP). Data on patients' characteristics (sex, age, impairment), therapists' sex, and therpeutic alliance were collected...
May 16, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511190/psychotherapy-technique-related-to-changes-in-anxiety-symptoms-with-a-transdiagnostic-sample
#13
Seth R Pitman, Mark J Hilsenroth, Joel Weinberger, Francine Conway, Jesse Owen
The current study examined how techniques in a psychodynamic model of therapy (Blagys and Hilsenroth, Clin Psychol Sci Pract. 7, 167-188, 2000) were related to changes in anxiety symptoms across early treatment process among a transdiagnostic sample of patients with primary anxiety disorder, subclinical anxiety disorder, and no anxiety disorder. Secondary analyses examined the use of specific psychodynamic techniques in relation to symptom change. Results revealed that therapists' use of psychodynamic-interpersonal (PI) techniques were significantly and directly related to changes in anxiety symptoms, in line with previous findings (Pitman, Slavin-Mulford, and Hilsenroth, J Nerv Ment Dis...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509624/the-role-of-evidence-based-therapy-relationships-on-treatment-outcome-for-adults-with-trauma-a-systematic-review
#14
Amy E Ellis, Vanessa Simiola, Laura Brown, Christine Courtois, Joan M Cook
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to systematically review and synthesize the empirical literature on the effects of evidence-based therapy relationship (EBR) variables in the psychological treatment for adults who experienced trauma-related distress. METHOD: Studies were identified using comprehensive searches of PsycINFO, Medline, Published International Literature on Traumatic Stress, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508739/the-effects-of-supportive-care-interventions-on-depressive-symptoms-among-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-metaanalysis-of-randomized-controlled-studies
#15
Chia-Chen Hsieh, Fei-Hsiu Hsiao
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the effect of supportive care interventions on depressive symptoms in patients with lung cancer. METHOD: We searched the databases of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Ovid EMBASE, PubMed, and the Chinese Electronic Periodical Services (CEPS) from their inception until September of 2015. We included randomized controlled trial studies that compared standard care with supportive care interventions. The standardized mean difference (SMD) (Cohen's d) was calculated to estimate the effect of interventions...
May 16, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508657/-suicide-a-serious-health-and-social-problem-with-the-possibility-of-prevention
#16
Martin Anders
Suicide is a serious health and social problem whose incidence varies between genders, age groups, geographical distribution and with influence of socio-political structure of society. It has been identified many risk factors and this behavior has etiological heterogeneity. There is no effective algorithm to predict suicidal activity in clinical practice, but increase the detection is associated with introducing the professional community and especially primary care physicians with clinical, psychological, sociological and biological factors whose can bring increasing of the recognition of vulnerable individuals and allow initiation of therapeutic interventions psychotherapy, psychopharmacology, neuromodulatory modalities or their combinations to achieve effective level of suicide prevention...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504637/-evidence-of-the-effect-of-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#17
Francisco Alberdi Olano, Bent Rosenbaum
Evidence of the effect of psychodynamic psychotherapy (PDT) has been called into question. Thus, an updated review of the effect of short-term and long-term PDT (STPP and LTPP) for anxiety, depression and personality disorders seems necessary. A systematic search of randomized controlled studies of PDT published from January 2000 to May 2016 was conducted, and we found 57 single studies and 13 meta-analyses fulfilling the criteria for inclusion. The studies show that PDT has therapeutic efficacy and effectiveness matching other forms of psychotherapy...
May 15, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504335/tele-analysis-the-use-of-media-technology-in-psychotherapy-and-its-impact-on-the-therapeutic-relationship
#18
Christian Roesler
A growing number of approaches in psychotherapy make use of internet- and other media-based interactions. This paper discusses the impact on the therapist-client relationship of using media technology and gives an overview of the current state of the debate. It is suggested that the technical conditions of internet-based interactions produce new forms of social relationships that differ significantly from face-to-face-interactions and that unconscious, nonverbal cues get lost. Research on the therapeutic interaction making use of 'discourse linguistic' methods is presented...
June 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504334/advances-in-functional-brain-imaging-technology-and-developmental-neuro-psychology-their-applications-in-the-jungian-analytic-domain
#19
Leon Petchkovsky
Analytical psychology shares with many other psychotherapies the important task of repairing the consequences of developmental trauma. The majority of analytic patients come from compromised early developmental backgrounds: they may have experienced neglect, abuse, or failures of empathic resonance from their carers. Functional brain imagery techniques including Quantitative Electroencephalogram (QEEG), and functional Magnetic Resonance Imagery (fMRI), allow us to track mental processes in ways beyond verbal reportage and introspection...
June 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504329/rediscovering-the-ritual-technology-of-the-placebo-effect-in-analytical-psychology
#20
Erik Goodwyn
Technology, viewed more generally, is a collection of skills and methods that are used to accomplish an objective of some kind. Modernity has produced many kinds of ever-expanding new technologies, but it is also evident that technologies can be lost or fall out of use. A cross-cultural survey of ritual reveals a rather startling observation: that while developed nations often exceed other cultures in terms of material technology, they often pale by comparison in their use of ritual technology. In this essay we will see how ritual is a powerful sort of technology that developed nations have mostly allowed to drift out of regular, vigorous use, despite its numerous psychological and biological effects...
June 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
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