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Psychotherapie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820440/medical-students-attitudes-and-beliefs-towards-psychotherapy-a-mixed-research-methods-study
#1
Costas S Constantinou, Maria Georgiou, Maria Perdikogianni
Background: Research findings suggest that attitudes towards psychotherapy predict willingness to seek therapy. However, understanding how medical students think about using and referring their patients for psychotherapy is limited. Aims: The aims of this study are to measure medical students' attitudes towards professional help seeking, and to investigate the reasons for whether or not they would refer their patients to psychotherapy in their future role as doctors. Method: The participants were 127 medical students in their first and second year of the MBBS4 programme at the Cyprus campus of St George's University of London, who completed a self-report measure of attitudes towards psychotherapy and a semi-structured interview...
August 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819922/therapeutic-alliance-client-need-for-approval-and-perfectionism-as-differential-moderators-of-response-to-ehealth-and-traditionally-delivered-treatments-for-comorbid-depression-and-substance-use-problems
#2
Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Amanda L Baker, Kerrin Palazzi, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly
PURPOSE: This study sought to undertake an exploratory analysis of the impact of therapeutic alliance and dysfunctional attitudes (perfectionism and need for approval) on outcomes for participants receiving therapist-delivered and eHealth interventions for comorbid depression and alcohol/cannabis use problems. These factors have been shown in previous research to moderate response to psychological treatment for depression and related disorders. METHOD: Participants (N = 274) with concurrent depression and alcohol/cannabis misuse were randomized to 10 sessions of therapist-delivered cognitive behavior therapy/motivational interviewing (CBT/MI), computer-delivered CBT/MI with brief therapist assistance (SHADE CBT/MI), or supportive counseling (PCT)...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819814/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-ibs-how-useful-how-often-and-how-does-it-work
#3
REVIEW
Christopher D Radziwon, Jeffrey M Lackner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While dietary and medical treatments are beneficial for specific GI symptoms for some IBS patients, they have an unsatisfactory track record for the full range of GI symptoms for more severe patients. A number of psychological interventions have been developed over the past two decades to help patients' self-manage symptoms. This review discusses the last 5 years of research on psychological treatments, with a focus on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and hypnosis...
August 17, 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819790/contemplative-meditation-and-neuroscience-prospects-for-mental-health
#4
Denis Larrivee, Luis Echarte
Numerous studies show that personal spirituality developed through prayer positively influences mental health. Phenomenological and neuroscientific studies of mindfulness, an Eastern meditative prayer form, reveal significant health benefits now yielding important insights useful for guiding treatment of psychological disorders. By contrast, and despite its practice for millennia, Christian meditation is largely unrepresented in studies of clinical efficacy. Resemblances between mindfulness and disciplinary acts in Christian meditation taken from the ancient Greek practice of askesis suggest that Christian meditation will prove similarly beneficial; furthermore, psychological and neuroscientific studies suggest that its retention of a dialogical and transcendent praxis will additionally benefit social and existential psychotherapy...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818735/prospective-assessment-of-social-network-quality-among-depressed-mothers-treated-with-brief-psychotherapy-the-social-network-quality-snq-scales
#5
Luis E Flores, Jill M Cyranowski, Marlissa Amole, Holly A Swartz
OBJECTIVE: Social relationships play important roles in emotional health, and are common targets of psychotherapeutic interventions. To better evaluate social relationship structure and function in the context of psychotherapy trials, this study introduces and psychometrically evaluates the Social Network Quality (SNQ) scales, which supplement the Social Network Index (SNI). The original SNI evaluates social network structure (i.e., extent of participation in diverse social roles and number of social relationships)...
July 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817953/the-evidence-base-for-interventions-targeting-individuals-with-work-related-ptsd-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#6
Iris Torchalla, Verena Strehlau
The purpose of this study was to summarize the evidence base for interventions targeting individuals with work-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), to make recommendations for clinicians and administrative decision makers involved in their rehabilitation, and to guide future research in this area. Particular attention was given to studies that were conducted in naturalistic clinical settings or in a workers' compensation claim context. Electronic searches of Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, PILOTS, and EMBASE identified 11 articles...
August 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817460/high-demand-for-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
Thomas Klag, Nazar Mazurak, Laura Fantasia, Juliane Schwille-Kiuntke, Andreas Kirschniak, Claudius Falch, Martin Goetz, Nisar P Malek, Paul Enck, Jan Wehkamp
BACKGROUND: The relative contribution of psychological factors to the onset and course of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) is a matter of constant debate since its beginning, as is the clinical need and the efficacy of psychotherapeutic interventions. However, the perspective of patients with IBD has largely been ignored in this debate. METHODS: Psychometric tests including the Short-Form IBD Questionnaire (SIBDQ), the ADAP test measuring demand for psychotherapy, and the Fear-of-Progression Questionnaire Short Form as well as disease-related questions were positioned on the internet between December 2014 and January 2016...
August 16, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816296/-complete-androgen-insensitivity-syndrome-associated-with-vesical-fistula-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
K H Hua, L Yang, X W Zhang, W J Bai, Q Li, T Xu
Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is a very uncommon genetic disorder that results from the resistance of androgen receptor (AR) to androgen, which influences the formation of the male genitalia and in turn presents with female phenotype. Surgical resection of undesceaded testicle and different kinds of genitoplasty are crucial methods to correct the deformity of reproductive system, as well as hormone replacement therapy, which is an essential therapy for postoperational rehabilitation in AIS patients...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815985/sticking-with-it-psychotherapy-outcomes-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-a-university-counseling-center-setting
#9
Emily Anderberg, Jonathan C Cox, E Shannon Neeley Tass, David M Erekson, Terisa P Gabrielsen, Jared S Warren, Jared Cline, Devin Petersen, Mikle South
Young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience high rates of comorbid mental health concerns in addition to distress arising from the core symptoms of autism. Many adults with ASD seek psychological treatment in outpatient facilities in their communities that are not specifically geared toward individuals with ASD. However, few studies have looked at the effectiveness of standard psychotherapeutic care in adults with ASD. This study aimed to discover how individuals with ASD fare in psychotherapy within a college counseling setting, compared to their neurotypical peers...
August 17, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815394/shared-dysregulation-of-homeostatic-brain-body-pathways-in-depression-and-type-2-diabetes
#10
REVIEW
Claire J Hoogendoorn, Juan F Roy, Jeffrey S Gonzalez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of shared dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and brain-gut-microbiome (BGM) axes associated with depression and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Clinical implications and future research are also discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Both depression and T2D are associated with dysregulation of the HPA and BGM axes. These pathways regulate immune function, glucose metabolism, and sleep, which are altered in both illnesses...
August 16, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814311/social-inequalities-in-the-utilization-of-outpatient-psychotherapy-analyses-of-registry-data-from-german-statutory-health-insurance
#11
Jelena Epping, Denise Muschik, Siegfried Geyer
BACKGROUND: Most studies on health disparities deal with the occurrence of disease, but little is known about inequalities in the utilization of mental health services. This paper examines social inequalities in the utilization of outpatient psychotherapy within a health care system where there are low financial barriers to health care and a lack of specific health policies to address access to psychotherapeutic services. METHODS: Registry data of German statutory health insurance for the year 2013 were used (total population: N = 746,963; 10,711 women and men with psychotherapy)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813321/focusing-on-trauma-focused-psychotherapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Paula P Schnurr
Trauma-focused psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) includes a range of theoretical approaches, but primarily is based on cognitive-behavioral theory. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing is another type of trauma-focused psychotherapy. Although there is some evidence to support present-centered and interpersonal approaches, trauma-focused psychotherapies have the most empirical support and are the most effective for treating PTSD and related problems.
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813308/pharmacological-management-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Nancy C Bernardy, Matthew J Friedman
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been conceptualized as an inability to cope with overwhelming stress that is followed by a distinctive pattern of symptoms. This concept has made it possible to develop therapeutic approaches for PTSD that include medication and psychotherapy options. In this article we summarize research studies on pharmacotherapies for PTSD and review new findings in the neurobiology of PTSD that are promoting the development of targeted treatment options. Research findings that have improved our understanding of psychobiological abnormalities associated with PTSD offer clinicians improved treatment strategies...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813306/telehealth-and-ehealth-interventions-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#14
REVIEW
Leslie A Morland, Carolyn J Greene, Craig S Rosen, Eric Kuhn, Julia Hoffman, Denise M Sloan
This paper presents existing research describing how telehealth and eHealth technologies can be used to improve mental health services for trauma survivors, either by enhancing existing treatment approaches or as a stand-alone means of delivering trauma-relevant information and interventions. The potential ways in which telemedicine technologies aide in overcoming barriers to care is first addressed in terms of providing mental health treatment. We then outline how different telehealth and eHealth tools can be used for key therapeutic tasks, including the provision of self-guided interventions, remote delivery of psychotherapy, and augmentation of psychological treatments...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813249/neuroendocrine-mechanisms-for-parental-sensitivity-overview-recent-advances-and-future-directions
#15
REVIEW
James E Swain, Shao-Hsuan Shaun Ho
Early parent-infant relationships play important roles in infants' development. New parents adapt to the developing relationship with their infants to coordinate parenting behaviors in the milieu of infant needs, hormones, moods, and stress. This review highlights research from the past two years, using non-invasive brain-imaging techniques and naturalistic tasks in mothers and fathers in relation to psychological, and endocrine measures. Recent work also connects parental brain physiology with parental sensitive behavior, parent/child outcomes and parent psychotherapy...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812271/oxytocin-and-interpersonal-relationships
#16
Alexandra Patin, Dirk Scheele, Rene Hurlemann
The neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) has emerged as a potent modulator of diverse aspects of interpersonal relationships. OT appears to work in close interaction with several other neurotransmitter networks, including the dopaminergic reward circuit, and to be dependent on sex-specific hormonal influences. In this chapter, we focus on four main domains of OT and interpersonal relationships, including (1) the protective effect of OT on an individual's ability to withstand stress (i.e., stress buffering), (2) the effect of OT on emotion recognition and empathy, (3) OT's ability to enhance social synchrony and cooperation among individuals, and (4) the effect of OT on an individual's perception of social touch...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807062/neuropsychiatric-characteristics-of-antiterrorist-operation-combatants-in-the-donbass-ukraine
#17
Konstantin N Loganovsky, Natalia A Zdanevich, Marina V Gresko, Donatella Marazziti, Tatiana K Loganovskaja
OBJECTIVE: The present paper aimed to explore the neuropsychiatric characteristics of the antiterrorism (ATO) combatants in the Donets Basin (Donbass) and to propose therapeutic strategies for managing their mental healthcare. METHODS: A total of 54 ATO combatants were included in our study and compared with four groups of subjects exposed to other emergencies, including the Chernobyl disaster and the war in Afghanistan. The neuropsychiatric features were assessed through psychopathological assessments, neurological examinations, and quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG)...
August 15, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806845/-effectivity-of-inpatient-psychosomatic-treatment-results-of-a-naturalistic-two-year-survey-in-a-psychosomatic-service-at-a-general-hospital
#18
Juan Valdés-Stauber, Alexander Fuchs, Sören Reiner, Susanne Bachthaler
Background Hospital psychosomatic treatment matches care expectations of a modern society. Evidence of its effectiveness through investigation in different settings is of importance because of prominent role of psychotherapy in German Healthcare System. Objective First, to explore whether clinical as well as personal resources could improve significantly due to a hospital psychosomatic treatment. Second, to assess possible associations between outcome variables and other variables from the multidimensional profile of the sample...
August 14, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806364/racial-and-ethnic-variation-in-perceptions-of-va-mental-health-providers-are-associated-with-treatment-retention-among-veterans-with-ptsd
#19
Michele Spoont, David Nelson, Michelle van Ryn, Margarita Alegria
BACKGROUND: Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who seek mental health care in the Veterans Health Administration frequently discontinue treatment prematurely. Early discontinuation of mental health treatment is more common among Veterans with PTSD who are of minority race or ethnicity. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether retention in individual therapy or pharmacotherapy among Veterans with PTSD are associated with patients' ratings of their mental health providers, and if those associations differ depending on Veteran race or ethnicity...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805197/family-of-a-person-suffering-from-schizophrenia-in-the-context-of-a-qualitative-approach-to-understanding-the-family-as-a-system
#20
Andrzej Witusik
Qualitative analysis of the family system including a person suffering from schizophrenia is an underestimated research paradigm in modern psychiatry, clinical psychology and psychotherapy. This method is important both from the cognitive point of view and for evaluation of the effectiveness of therapy. AIM: The aim of the study was a qualitative analysis of the therapeutic process in a family whose member is suffering from schizophrenic psychosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study of the process using qualitative research methodology in the paradigm of systemic thinking pointing to the mutual interactions in the family system inducing relapses in the identified patient, with identification of triangulation processes, transgenerational myths inheritance and coalitions formed by the family members...
July 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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