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cervical lateral mobilization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621833/multiple-external-cervical-root-resorptions-after-home-bleaching-treatment-with-22-carbamide-peroxide
#1
Glauco Rodrigues Velloso, Marcos Motta de Freitas, Adriana Terezinha Neves Novellino Alves, Alan Roger Santos Silva, Eliane Dos Santos Porto Barboza, Vittorio Moraschini
Invasive multiple cervical root resorptions after vital tooth bleaching is a rare condition. The aim of this article is to present a case of multiple external cervical root resorptions (ECRR) after a misguided home whitening treatment. A 34-year-old male patient presented with slight sensitivity and mobility in several teeth. Despite the manufacturer's recommendations, the patient used a 22% carbamide peroxide-based tooth bleaching gel at home for 4 consecutive days, at night, on the upper and lower arches...
June 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449202/barn-owls-maximize-head-rotations-by-a-combination-of-yawing-and-rolling-in-functionally-diverse-regions-of-the-neck
#2
Markus Krings, John A Nyakatura, Mark L L M Boumans, Martin S Fischer, Hermann Wagner
Owls are known for their outstanding neck mobility: these birds can rotate their heads more than 270°. The anatomical basis of this extraordinary neck rotation ability is not well understood. We used X-ray fluoroscopy of living owls as well as forced neck rotations in dead specimens and computer tomographic (CT) reconstructions to study how the individual cervical joints contribute to head rotation in barn owls (Tyto furcata pratincola). The X-ray data showed the natural posture of the neck, and the reconstructions of the CT-scans provided the shapes of the individual vertebrae...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400724/influence-of-cervical-spine-mobility-on-the-focal-and-postural-components-of-the-sit-to-stand-task
#3
Alain Hamaoui, Caroline Alamini-Rodrigues
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of cervical spine mobility on the focal and postural components of the sit-to-stand transition, which represent the preparatory and execution phases of the task, respectively. Sixteen asymptomatic female participants (22 ± 3 years, 163 ± 0,06 cm, 57,5 ± 5 kg), free of any neurological or musculoskeletal disorders, performed six trials of the sit-to-stand task at maximum speed, in four experimental conditions varying the mobility of the cervical spine by means of three different splints...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363483/restoration-of-reaching-and-grasping-movements-through-brain-controlled-muscle-stimulation-in-a-person-with-tetraplegia-a-proof-of-concept-demonstration
#4
A Bolu Ajiboye, Francis R Willett, Daniel R Young, William D Memberg, Brian A Murphy, Jonathan P Miller, Benjamin L Walter, Jennifer A Sweet, Harry A Hoyen, Michael W Keith, P Hunter Peckham, John D Simeral, John P Donoghue, Leigh R Hochberg, Robert F Kirsch
BACKGROUND: People with chronic tetraplegia, due to high-cervical spinal cord injury, can regain limb movements through coordinated electrical stimulation of peripheral muscles and nerves, known as functional electrical stimulation (FES). Users typically command FES systems through other preserved, but unrelated and limited in number, volitional movements (eg, facial muscle activity, head movements, shoulder shrugs). We report the findings of an individual with traumatic high-cervical spinal cord injury who coordinated reaching and grasping movements using his own paralysed arm and hand, reanimated through implanted FES, and commanded using his own cortical signals through an intracortical brain-computer interface (iBCI)...
May 6, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356648/effect-of-maitland-mobilization-in-cervical-and-thoracic-spine-and-therapeutic-exercise-on-functional-impairment-in-individuals-with-chronic-neck-pain
#5
Keun-Su Lee, Joon-Hee Lee
[Purpose] This study evaluated joint mobilization and therapeutic exercise applied to the cervical spine and upper thoracic spine for functional impairment caused by chronic neck pain. [Subjects and Methods] Eighteen study subjects were randomly assigned to two groups of nine people each. Therapeutic exercise only was applied to the cervical and upper thoracic spine for Group I, while both therapeutic exercise and joint mobilization were applied to Group II. The visual analog scale, neck disability index, active cervical range of motion, static balance capacity, and muscle tone were assessed with a pre-test...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340157/cervical-lateral-glide-neural-mobilization-is-effective-in-treating-cervicobrachial-pain-a-randomized-waiting-list-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
David Rodríguez-Sanz, César Calvo-Lobo, Francisco Unda-Solano, Irene Sanz-Corbalán, Carlos Romero-Morales, Daniel López-López
Background.:  Cervicobrachial pain (CP) is a high-incidence and prevalent condition. Cervical lateral glide (CLG) is a firstline treatment of CP. There is a current lack of enough high-quality randomized controlled double-blind clinical trials that measure the effectiveness of neural tissue mobilization techniques such as the CLG and its specific effect over CP. Objectives.:  The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of CLG neural mobilization in treating subjects who suffer from CP, compared with the complete absence of treatment...
March 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213796/the-manchester-repair-an-instructional-video
#7
Caroline E Walsh, Lin L Ow, N Rajamaheswari, Peter L Dwyer
OBJECTIVE: The Manchester repair, developed in the UK by Donald, described in 1908, and later modified by Fothergill, is a well-studied and proven surgical treatment for uterovaginal prolapse when uterine preservation is desired. This operation is currently not widely performed in parts of the world (USA) but is becoming increasing popular in Europe. The objective of this video is to demonstrate our surgical technique and recommendations for successful completion of the procedure. METHODS: This patient is a 39-year-old woman with two previous vaginal deliveries who presented with a 1-year history of vaginal protrusion...
February 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018810/transmediastinal-trachea-closure-after-dilational-tracheotomy-positioned-too-low-down
#8
Andreas Kirschbaum, Tanja Maier, Afsin Teymoortash
Dilational tracheotomy is a minimally invasive method that can be performed at the bedside on patients requiring long-term mechanical ventilation. In our 70-year-old male patient, percutaneous dilational tracheotomy (Ciaglia Blue Rhino, Cook Medical Inc., Bloomington, Indiana, United States) was performed because of bilateral pneumonia with sepsis. There were no initial problems. Nine days later, while the patient was being repositioned, the tracheal cannula became dislocated. Despite extending the cervical incision it was not possible to recannulate...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834022/transoral-endoscopic-thyroidectomy-vestibular-approach-with-intraoperative-nerve-monitoring
#9
William B Inabnet, Hyun Suh, Gustavo Fernandez-Ranvier
BACKGROUND: Transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy by a vestibular approach (TOETVA) is a novel technique for thyroid gland excision. Compared to the transaxillary endoscopic and bilateral axillo-breast approaches, which require substantial dissection to reach the thyroid gland, TOETVA provides the most direct access to the target organ. METHODS: The aim of this video is to provide a step-by-step overview of TOETVA and demonstrate how to set up and utilize intraoperative nerve monitoring...
July 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613745/patient-dose-in-fluoroscopically-guided-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#10
Vasileios I Metaxas, Gerasimos A Messaris, George D Gatzounis, George S Panayiotakis
Cervical discectomy and fusion (CDF) is a minimally invasive procedure, where the accurate placement of the implants is accomplished using fluoroscopic guidance. Therefore, the evaluation of the radiation dose becomes mandatory. The purpose of the current study was to assess patient dose during fluoroscopically guided anterior and/or posterior CDF procedures. Thirty-three patients undergoing single or multiple-level CDF were studied using a mobile C-arm system. Data regarding fluoroscopy time (FT), air kerma area product (KAP) and cumulative dose (CD) were recorded...
May 1, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596243/inter-rater-reliability-of-clinical-mobility-measures-in-ankylosing-spondylitis
#11
J Calvo-Gutiérrez, J L Garrido-Castro, C González-Navas, M C Castro-Villegas, R Ortega-Castro, C López-Medina, P Font-Ugalde, A Escudero-Contreras, E Collantes-Estévez
BACKGROUND: Several measurements are often used in daily clinical practice in the assessment of Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) patients. The Assessment in SpondyloArthiritis International Society (ASAS) recommend in its core set: chest expansion modified Schöber test, Occiput to wall distance, lateral lumbar flexion, cervical rotation and The Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI). BASMI also includes five measurements, some of them recommended by ASAS. Three versions of BASMI have been published with different scales and intervals for each component of the index...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27420396/minimally-invasive-atlantoaxial-fusion-cadaveric-study-and-report-of-5-clinical-cases
#12
Umesh Srikantha, Kiran S Khanapure, Aniruddha T Jagannatha, Krishna C Joshi, Ravi G Varma, Alangar S Hegde
OBJECTIVE Minimally invasive techniques are being increasingly used to treat disorders of the cervical spine. They have a potential to reduce the postoperative neck discomfort subsequent to extensive muscle dissection associated with conventional atlantoaxial fusion procedures. The aim of this paper was to elaborate on the technique and results of minimally invasive atlantoaxial fusion. MATERIALS Minimally invasive atlantoaxial fusion was done initially in 4 fresh-frozen cadavers and subsequently in 5 clinical cases...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388136/hemilaminectomy-for-spinal-meningioma-a-case-series-of-20-patients-with-a-focus-on-ventral-and-ventrolateral-lesions
#13
S Tola, M De Angelis, S Bistazzoni, C Chiaramonte, V Esposito, S Paolini
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the effectiveness and safety of hemilaminectomy in spinal-meningioma surgery, with special attention to ventral lesions. We also describe technical tips to enhance surgical-corridor width. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients (14 female and 6 male) underwent hemilaminectomy for resection of a spinal meningioma between January 2005 and December 2015. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging defined the tumor location (16 thoracic, 3 cervical, 1 lumbar) and the dural-attachment site (4 ventral, 11 ventrolateral, 3 lateral, 2 posterior)...
September 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257980/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-mulligan-s-mobilization-and-kinesio-taping-on-pain-range-of-motion-muscle-strength-and-neck-disability-in-patients-with-cervical-spondylosis-a-randomized-controlled-study1
#14
Canan Copurgensli, Gozde Gur, Volga Bayrakcı Tunay
BACKGROUND: Cervical Spondylosis (CS) is a degenerative and painful pathology, which needs conservative treatment to relieve symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the effects of Mulligan's mobilization (MM) and Kinesio taping (KT) on pain, range of motion (ROM), muscle strength, and function in CS. METHODS: Forty-five subjects were randomly placed into three groups: Group 1: control group (conventional rehabilitation-CR); Group 2: MM and CR; Group 3: KT and CR...
May 27, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27246483/surgical-outcomes-of-elderly-patients-with-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-a-meta-analysis-of-studies-reporting-on-2868-patients
#15
Karthik Madhavan, Lee Onn Chieng, Hanyao Foong, Michael Y Wang
OBJECTIVE Cervical spondylotic myelopathy usually presents in the 5th decade of life or later but can also present earlier in patients with congenital spinal stenosis. As life expectancy continues to increase in the United States, the preconceived reluctance toward operating on the elderly population based on older publications must be rethought. It is a known fact that outcomes in the elderly cannot be as robust as those in the younger population. There are no publications with detailed meta-analyses to determine an acceptable level of outcome in this population...
June 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220520/-the-biomechanics-of-hyperextension-injuries-of-the-subaxial-cervical-spine
#16
G Stein, C Meyer, L Ingenhoff, J Bredow, L P Müller, P Eysel, G Schiffer
Hyperextension injuries of the subaxial cervical spine are potentially hazardous due to relevant destabilization. Depending on the clinical condition, neurologic or vascular damage may occur. Therefore an exact knowledge of the factors leading to destabilization is essential. In a biomechanical investigation, 10 fresh human cadaver cervical spine specimens were tested in a spine simulator. The tested segments were C4 to 7. In the first step, physiologic motion was investigated. Afterwards, the three steps of injury were dissection of the anterior longitudinal ligament, removal of the intervertebral disc/posterior longitudinal ligament, and dissection of the interspinous ligaments/ligamentum flavum...
May 24, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27157502/temporary-removal-characteristics-of-patients-with-herniated-discs-at-the-cervicothoracic-junction
#17
Ho Kyu Paik, Sang-Soak Ahn, Jong Yeol Kim, Dal Sung Ryu, Kyung-Hyun Kim, Dong-Kyu Chin, Keun-Su Kim, Yong-Eun Cho, Sung-Uk Kuh
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy.
May 5, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065516/the-presence-of-altered-craniocervical-posture-and-mobility-in-smartphone-addicted-teenagers-with-temporomandibular-disorders
#18
In-Kyung Kee, Jin-Seok Byun, Jae-Kwang Jung, Jae-Kap Choi
[Purpose] Smartphones are widely used by teenagers and adults for various purposes. As teenagers use smartphones more actively than adults, they are more prone to be addicted to smartphones. Furthermore, excessive usage of smartphones can lead to various psychosocial and physical symptoms. [Subjects and Methods] One hundred teenage subjects were recruited and divided into normal and addiction groups, based on the criteria of the smartphone addiction scale-short version questionnaire. Craniocervical posture and mobility were examined by lateral cephalometric analysis and a cervical range of motion instrument...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27032640/the-ability-of-external-immobilizers-to-restrict-movement-of-the-cervical-spine-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Micha Holla, Joske M R Huisman, Nico Verdonschot, Jon Goosen, Allard J F Hosman, Gerjon Hannink
PURPOSE: To review the ability of various types of external immobilizers to restrict cervical spine movement. METHODS: With a systematical review of original scientific articles, data on range of motion, type of used external immobilization device and risk of bias were extracted. The described external immobilization devices were grouped and the mean restriction percentage and standard deviation were calculated. Finally, each device was classified based on its ability to restrict movement of the cervical spine, according to five levels of immobilization: poor (MIL <20 %), fair (MIL 20-40 %), moderate (MIL 40-60 %), substantial (MIL 60-80 %), and nearly complete (MIL ≥80 %)...
July 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27025797/novel-sensor-technology-to-assess-independence-and-limb-use-laterality-in-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#20
Michael Brogioli, Werner Louis Popp, Urs Albisser, Anne Katrin Brust, Angela Frotzler, Roger Gassert, Armin Curt, Michelle Louise Starkey
After spinal cord injury (SCI), levels of independence are commonly assessed with standardized clinical assessments. However, such tests do not provide information about the actual extent of upper limb activities or the impact on independence of bi- versus uni-lateral usage throughout daily life following cervical SCI. The objective of this study was to correlate activity intensity and laterality of upper-extremity activity measured by body-fixed inertial measurement units (IMUs) with clinical assessment scores of independence...
March 29, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
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