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frameshift mutation

Kengo Hirota, Hiroyuki Akagawa, Asami Kikuchi, Hideki Oka, Akihiko Hino, Tetsuryu Mitsuyama, Toshiyuki Sasaki, Hideaki Onda, Takakazu Kawamata, Hidetoshi Kasuya
Cerebral cavernous malformation is a neurovascular abnormality that can cause seizures, focal neurological deficits and intracerebral hemorrhage. Familial forms of this condition are characterized by de novo formation of multiple lesions and are autosomal-dominantly inherited via CCM1/KRIT1, CCM2/MGC4607 and CCM3/PDCD10 mutations. We identified three truncating mutations in KRIT1 from three Japanese families with CCMs: a novel frameshift mutation, a known frameshift mutation and a known splice-site mutation that had not been previously analyzed for aberrant splicing...
2016: Human Genome Variation
Jolanta Skalska-Sadowska, Małgorzata Dawidowska, Bronisława Szarzyńska-Zawadzka, Małgorzata Jarmuż-Szymczak, Joanna Czerwińska-Rybak, Ludomiła Machowska, Katarzyna Derwich
We report a pediatric case of acute T-lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) with NOTCH1(wt) , FBXW7(wt) , STIL/TAL1, and PTEN (exons 2, 3, 4, 5) monoallelic deletions, biallelic CDKN2A/B deletion, and a minor t(8;14)(q24;q11)-positive subclone. Undetectable by a flow cytometric minimal residual disease assay, the t(8;14)(q24;q11) subclone expanded as detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization from 5% at diagnosis to 26% before consolidation and 100% at relapse bearing a monoallelic deletion (exons 2, 3) with a new frameshift mutation of PTEN and the same set of remaining molecular alterations...
October 19, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Pooja Gopal, Michelle Yee, Jickky Sarathy, Jian Liang Low, Jansy P Sarathy, Firat Kaya, Véronique Dartois, Martin Gengenbacher, Thomas Dick
Pyrazinamide (PZA) is a critical component of first- and second-line treatments of tuberculosis (TB), yet its mechanism of action largely remains an enigma. We carried out a genetic screen to isolate Mycobacterium bovis BCG mutants resistant to pyrazinoic acid (POA), the bioactive derivative of PZA, followed by whole genome sequencing of 26 POA resistant strains. Rather than finding mutations in the proposed candidate targets fatty acid synthase I and ribosomal protein S1, we found resistance conferring mutations in two pathways: missense mutations in aspartate decarboxylase panD, involved in the synthesis of the essential acyl carrier coenzyme A (CoA), and frameshift mutations in the vitro nonessential polyketide synthase genes mas and ppsA-E, involved in the synthesis of the virulence factor phthiocerol dimycocerosate (PDIM)...
September 9, 2016: ACS Infectious Diseases
Ciyu Yang, Angela G Arnold, Magan Trottier, Yukio Sonoda, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Oliver Zivanovic, Mark E Robson, Zsofia K Stadler, Michael F Walsh, David M Hyman, Kenneth Offit, Liying Zhang
PURPOSE: Mutations in PALB2 have been associated with a predisposition to breast and pancreatic cancers. This study aims to characterize a novel PALB2 exon 13 duplication in a hereditary breast and ovarian cancer family. METHODS: The PALB2 exon 13 duplication in this family was evaluated using Memorial Sloan Kettering-Integrated Mutation Profiling of Actionable Cancer Targets (MSK-IMPACT™) and confirmed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA)...
October 18, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Mateusz Bujko, Marcin M Machnicki, Emilia Grecka, Natalia Rusetska, Ewa Matyja, Paulina Kober, Tomasz Mandat, Małgorzata Rydzanicz, Rafał Płoski, Romuald Krajewski, Wieslaw Bonicki, Tomasz Stokłosa, Janusz A Siedlecki
BACKGROUND: Rhabdoid meningioma is rare aggressive meningioma histological subtype, which develops predominantly through progression from less malignant tumors. Due to a low incidence the biological background is unknown. The aim of this study was to profile somatic mutations in four meningioma samples from the same patient, derived previously from four subsequent tumor resections. CASE DESCRIPTION: 58-year-old woman suffering from recurrent meningioma progressing from atypical to rhabdoid subtype...
October 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Priyanka Srivastava, Himani Pandey, Divya Agarwal, Kausik Mandal, Shubha R Phadke
We describe three consanguineous Indian families with a distinct form of spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia (SED Omani type). It is an autosomal recessive disorder due to mutation in CHST3 gene. CHST3 gene encodes the enzyme chondroitin 6-O-sulfotransferase-1 (C6ST-1) which mediates the sulfation of proteoglycans, (chondroitin sulfate), in the extracellular matrix of cartilage. CHST3 gene was sequenced in probands from three different families with SED. In two families missense mutations (c.904G>C predicting the substitution D302H) and c...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Matthew B Lanktree, Bekim Sadikovic, John S Waye, Alexander Levstik, Bruce B Lanktree, Jovana Yudin, Mark A Crowther, Guillaume Pare, Paul C Adams
BACKGROUND: Next-generation sequencing of an iron metabolism gene panel could identify pathogenic mutations, improving on standard hemochromatosis genetic testing and providing a molecular diagnosis in patients with suspected iron overload. METHODS: A next-generation sequencing panel of 15 genes with known roles in iron metabolism was constructed. 190 patients were sequenced: 94 from a tertiary hemochromatosis clinic, and 96 submitted for HFE testing with biochemical evidence of iron overload [elevated ferritin (>450 μg/L) or transferrin saturation (>55%)] obtained from a chart review...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Haematology
Tomasz Wołkowicz, Jan Andrzej Patzer, Wanda Kamińska, Rafał Gierczyński, Danuta Dzierżanowska
This study aimed to analyse the distribution of carbapenem resistance mechanisms among Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates. Fifty-five P. aeruginosa isolates, resistant both to imipenem and meropenem, from children hospitalised in 2009-2010 were studied. All strains were genotyped by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Mutations in the oprD gene and the occurrence of insertion sequences (ISs) were determined by DNA sequencing. Mex efflux systems were determined by analysis using the efflux pump inhibitor Phe-Arg β-naphthylamide...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
David S Lynch, Wei Jia Zhang, Rahul Lakshmanan, Justin A Kinsella, Günes Altiokka Uzun, Merih Karbay, Zeynep Tüfekçioglu, Hasmet Hanagasi, Georgina Burke, Nicola Foulds, Simon R Hammans, Anupam Bhattacharjee, Heather Wilson, Matthew Adams, Mark Walker, James A R Nicoll, Jeremy Chataway, Nick Fox, Indran Davagnanam, Rahul Phadke, Henry Houlden
Importance: Adult-onset leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids and pigmented glia (ALSP) is a frequent cause of adult-onset leukodystrophy known to be caused by autosomal dominant mutations in the CSF1R (colony-stimulating factor 1) gene. The discovery that CSF1R mutations cause ALSP led to more accurate prognosis and genetic counseling for these patients in addition to increased interest in microglia as a target in neurodegeneration. However, it has been known since the discovery of the CSF1R gene that there are patients with typical clinical and radiologic evidence of ALSP who do not carry pathogenic CSF1R mutations...
October 17, 2016: JAMA Neurology
Youn Hee Jee, Nadine Sowada, Thomas C Markello, Iraj Rezvani, Guntram Borck, Jeffrey Baron
Linear growth failure can be caused by many different genetic abnormalities. In many cases, the genetic defect affects not only the growth plate, causing short stature, but also other organs/tissues causing additional clinical abnormalities. The proband was evaluated at 10 years of age for impaired postnatal linear growth (height 113.3 cm, -4.6 SDS), a bone age that was delayed by 5 years, dysmorphic facies, cognitive impairment, and central nervous system anomalies. His younger brother, presented only with growth failure at 10 months of age...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Genetics
Xiao-Jun Chen, Hong Zhang, Zhi-Ping Tan, Wen Hu, Yi-Feng Yang
Multiple osteochondromas (MO), also known as hereditary multiple exostoses, is an autosomal dominant bone disorder. Mutations in exostosin glycosyl transferase‑1 (EXT1) and exostosin glycosyl transferase‑2 (EXT2), including missense, nonsense, frameshift and splice‑site mutations, account for up to 80% of reported cases. The proteins EXT1 and EXT2 form a hetero‑oligomeric complex that functions in heparan sulfate proteoglycan biosynthesis. A heterozygous EXT2 mutation, c.939+1G>T, was identified in a five‑generation 33‑member MO family, and was present in all 13 affected members...
October 6, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Hao Zhang, Hua Yue, Chun Wang, Weiwei Hu, Jiemei Gu, Jinwei He, Wenzhen Fu, Yunqiu Hu, Miao Li, Zhenlin Zhang
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an inherited connective tissue disorder characterized by brittle bone fractures. The aim of the present study was to investigate the pathogenic gene mutation spectrum and clinical manifestations of mutations in collagen type I, alpha 1 (COL1A1) and collagen type I, alpha 2 (COL1A2) genes in Chinese patients with OI. A total of 61 unrelated Chinese OI patients with COL1A1 and COL1A2 mutations were recruited. All the exons and the exon-intron boundaries of the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes were amplified and directly sequenced and lumbar spine bone mineral density was measured by dual‑energy X‑ray absorptiometry...
October 12, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Joo Hwa Lee, Nam Jin Yoo, Min Sung Kim, Sug Hyung Lee
Alterations of genes involved in histone modification are common in cancers. A histone demethylase-encoding gene PHF2 is considered a putative tumor suppressor gene (TSG). PHF2 is essential for p53-mediated TSG functions such as chemotherapy-mediated cancer cell killing. However, inactivating mutations of PHF2 that could inactivate its functions are not reported in cancers. In a genome database, we observed that the PHF2 gene possessed mononucleotide repeats, which could be mutated in cancers with high microsatellite instability (MSI-H)...
October 15, 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Tomokazu Kimizu, Yukitoshi Takahashi, Taikan Oboshi, Asako Horino, Takayoshi Koike, Shinsaku Yoshitomi, Tatsuo Mori, Tokito Yamaguchi, Hiroko Ikeda, Nobuhiko Okamoto, Mitsuko Nakashima, Hirotomo Saitsu, Mitsuhiro Kato, Naomichi Matsumoto, Katsumi Imai
INTRODUCTION: Mutations of SLC35A2 that encodes Golgi-localized Uridine diphosphate (UDP)-galactose transporter at Xp11.23 lead to congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG). Although patients with CDG generally have diverse systemic symptoms, patients with a SLC35A2 mutation manifest predominantly disorders of the central nervous system (CNS). CASE REPORT: A female infant aged 12months was referred to our center because of intractable seizures. The patient was born with birth weight of 3228g after 40weeks of unremarkable gestation...
October 12, 2016: Brain & Development
Daniel F Gudbjartsson, Hilma Holm, Patrick Sulem, Gisli Masson, Asmundur Oddsson, Olafur Th Magnusson, Jona Saemundsdottir, Hafdis Th Helgadottir, Hannes Helgason, Hrefna Johannsdottir, Solveig Gretarsdottir, Sigurjon A Gudjonsson, Inger Njølstad, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Larry Baum, Ronald C W Ma, Gunnlaugur Sigfusson, Augustine Kong, Guðmundur Thorgeirsson, Jon Th Sverrisson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Kari Stefansson, David O Arnar
AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in man, causing substantial morbidity and mortality with a major worldwide public health impact. It is increasingly recognized as a highly heritable condition. This study aimed to determine genetic risk factors for early-onset AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We sequenced the whole genomes of 8453 Icelanders and imputed genotypes of the 25.5 million sequence variants we discovered into 1799 Icelanders with early-onset AF (diagnosed before 60 years of age) and 337 453 controls...
October 14, 2016: European Heart Journal
Alon Peled, Ofer Sarig, Liat Samuelov, Marta Bertolini, Limor Ziv, Daphna Weissglas-Volkov, Marina Eskin-Schwartz, Christopher A Adase, Natalia Malchin, Ron Bochner, Gilad Fainberg, Ilan Goldberg, Koji Sugawara, Avital Baniel, Daisuke Tsuruta, Chen Luxenburg, Noam Adir, Olivier Duverger, Maria Morasso, Stavit Shalev, Richard L Gallo, Noam Shomron, Ralf Paus, Eli Sprecher
Despite recent advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis of ectodermal dysplasias (EDs), the molecular basis of many of these disorders remains unknown. In the present study, we aimed at elucidating the genetic basis of a new form of ED featuring facial dysmorphism, scalp hypotrichosis and hypodontia. Using whole exome sequencing, we identified 2 frameshift and 2 missense mutations in TSPEAR segregating with the disease phenotype in 3 families. TSPEAR encodes the thrombospondin-type laminin G domain and EAR repeats (TSPEAR) protein, whose function is poorly understood...
October 2016: PLoS Genetics
Xingyun Su, Weibin Wang, Guodong Ruan, Min Liang, Jing Zheng, Ye Chen, Huiling Wu, Thomas J Fahey, Minxin Guan, Lisong Teng
Nuclear genetic alterations have been widely investigated in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), however, the characteristics of the mitochondrial genome remain uncertain. We sequenced the entire mitochondrial genome of 66 PTCs, 16 normal thyroid tissues and 376 blood samples of healthy individuals. There were 2508 variations (543 sites) detected in PTCs, among which 33 variations were novel. Nearly half of the PTCs (31/66) had heteroplasmic variations. Among the 31 PTCs, 28 specimens harbored a total of 52 somatic mutations distributed in 44 sites...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Flavia Palombo, Nadia Al-Wardy, Guido Alberto Gnecchi Ruscone, Manuela Oppo, Mohammed Nasser Al Kindi, Andrea Angius, Khalsa Al Lamki, Giorgia Girotto, Tania Giangregorio, Matteo Benelli, Alberto Magi, Marco Seri, Paolo Gasparini, Francesco Cucca, Marco Sazzini, Mazin Al Khabori, Tommaso Pippucci, Giovanni Romeo
The increased risk for autosomal recessive disorders is one of the most well-known medical implications of consanguinity. In the Sultanate of Oman, a country characterized by one of the highest rates of consanguineous marriages worldwide, prevalence of genetic hearing loss (GHL) is estimated to be 6/10 000. Families of GHL patients have higher consanguinity rates than the general Omani population, indicating a major role for recessive forms. Mutations in GJB2, the most commonly mutated GHL gene, have been sporadically described...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
Lu Yu, Jun Li, Sanpeng Xu, Mariajose Navia Miranda, Guoping Wang, Yaqi Duan
BACKGROUND: Xp11.2 translocation/transcription factor E3 (TFE3) rearrangement renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a rare subtype of RCC with limited clinical and pathological data. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we present an unusual high-grade Xp11.2 translocation RCC with a rhabdoid feature and SMARCB1 (INI1) inactivation in a 40-year-old man with end-stage kidney disease. The histological examination of the dissected left renal tumor showed an organoid architecture of the eosinophilic or clear neoplastic cells with necrosis and high mitotic activity...
October 12, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
Jing-Ying Zhang, Ming Jia, Hai-Zhao Zhao, Ze-Bin Luo, Wei-Qun Xu, He-Ping Shen, Yong-Min Tang
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital erythroid aplasia that usually presents as macrocytic anemia during infancy. Ribosomal protein S19 (RPS19) is identified as the first gene associated with DBA. RPS19 is mutated in 25% of DBA patients, but its role in DBA pathogenesis remains to be elucidated. We have identified a novel heterozygous frameshift mutation in RPS19 gene in a DBA child presenting with profound anemia after birth. A single nucleotide heterozygous deletion (C.251delG) results in frameshift in RPS19 gene in exon 4 at codon 84 with possible premature stop codon (p...
August 31, 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
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