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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500964/special-considerations-for-the-management-of-pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#1
Joel Kian Boon Lim, Jan Hau Lee, Ira M Cheifetz
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge with significant mortality and morbidity. There are limited data to guide identification and management. AREAS COVERED: The Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference recently proposed pediatric-specific definitions for ARDS and management recommendations. In this review, we discuss aspects of pediatric ARDS that have received more attention over the past few years: high frequency oscillatory ventilation, administration of corticosteroids and functional outcomes...
October 2016: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206347/nurses-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-influenza-vaccination-an-integrative-review
#2
Sarah Smith, Jenny Sim, Elizabeth Halcomb
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To critically analyse the literature describing nurses' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding influenza vaccination. BACKGROUND: Influenza is a serious illness that has significant impacts on productivity, health outcomes and healthcare costs. Despite the recommendations for nurses to be vaccinated annually against influenza, the vaccination rates remain suboptimal. DESIGN: Integrative literature review. METHODS: An integrative review was conducted as described by Whittemore and Knafl (2005)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022058/a-practical-concussion-physical-examination-toolbox-evidence-based-physical-examination-for-concussion
#3
Jason M Matuszak, Jennifer McVige, Jacob McPherson, Barry Willer, John Leddy
CONTEXT: With heightened awareness of concussion, there is a need to assess and manage the concussed patient in a consistent manner. Unfortunately, concussion physical examination has not been standardized or supported by evidence. Important questions remain about the physical examination. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Review of ClinicalKey, Cochrane, MEDLINE, and PubMed prior to July 2015 was performed using search terms, including concussion, mTBI, physical examination, mental status, cranial nerves, reflexes, cervical, vestibular, and oculomotor...
March 28, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26738649/-bacterial-resistance-in-acne-a-meta-analysis-of-the-controversy
#4
Mariana Alvarez-Sánchez, Ernesto Rodríguez-Ayala, Rosa María Ponce-Olivera, Andrés Tirado-Sánchez, María Ivonne Arellano-Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Acne is one of the dermatological pathologies with the highest incidence around the world. It is a multifactorial disease and its treatment can be complex. Propionibacterium acnes play a key role in the inflammation of this dermatosis. Topical antibiotics, including mainly erythromycin and clindamycin, have been used, but there is controversy over their use due to the widely documented bacterial resistance. For this reason a meta-analysis of the publications over the past 10 years is presented in order to confirm this hypothesis...
May 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26578474/-actigraphy-in-bipolar-disorder-and-first-degree-relatives
#5
Rommel Andrade Carrillo, Sujey Gómez Cano, Juan David Palacio Ortiz, Jenny García Valencia
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is a disabling disease that involves a significant economic costs to the health system, making it is essential to investigate possible early predictors such as changes in sleep-wake cycle in high-risk populations. OBJECTIVE: To review the available literature on alterations in the sleep-wake cycle and circadian rhythm in patients with bipolar disorder and their first degree relatives. METHODS: A literature search was performed in the data bases, Access Medicine, ClinicalKey, EMBASE, JAMA, Lilacs, OVID, Oxford Journals, ScienceDirect, SciELO, APA y PsycNET...
October 2015: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26531084/impact-of-pharmacological-interventions-in-expectant-mothers-resulting-in-altered-mutans-streptococci-levels-in-their-children
#6
Murugan Satta Muthu, Saikia Ankita, Apathsakayan Renugalakshmi, Kirubakaran Richard
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to assess whether prenatal use of fluoride, chlorhexidine mouthrinses, and xylitol could alter the mutans streptococci levels in children. METHODS: A systematic search of clinical trials was implemented for the Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, PubMed, PMC, NCBI, ClinicalKey, Google Scholar, LILACS, and Science Direct. A search for ongoing trials was also undertaken in the clinicaltrial.gov database to identify eligible studies...
September 2015: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26497345/prostatectomy-for-benign-prostate-disease-open-laparoscopic-and-robotic-techniques
#7
REVIEW
Mark Ferretti, John Phillips
INTRODUCTION: Prostatectomy for benign disease, also known as a 'simple prostatectomy', is neither simple in indication nor approach. In the post-Medical Therapy of Prostatic Symptoms (MTOPS), NCT00021814 trial era, the medical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and consequent bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) has shifted surgical intervention to those patients who are medical-non responders, present with advanced signs of BOO and obstructive uropathy, and those with prostate gland volumes beyond the size normally approachable with standard transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)...
October 2015: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26458038/applications-of-the-excimer-laser-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Sarah Beggs, Jack Short, Monica Rengifo-Pardo, Alison Ehrlich
BACKGROUND: The 308-nm excimer laser has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of psoriasis and vitiligo. Its ability to treat localized areas has led to many studies determining its potential in the treatment of focal diseases with inflammation or hypopigmentation. OBJECTIVE: To review the different applications of the 308-nm excimer laser for treating dermatologic conditions. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An extensive literature review was conducted by searching PubMed, MEDLINE, and ClinicalKey to find articles pertaining to dermatologic conditions treated with the 308-nm excimer laser...
November 2015: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26260524/high-fidelity-patient-simulation-as-an-educational-tool-in-paediatric-intensive-care-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Jessica A O'Leary, Robyn Nash, Peter A Lewis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the use of high fidelity patient simulation (HFPS) in paediatric intensive care nursing education through the use of a systematic literature review. METHOD: A systematic search was undertaken in the electronic databases CINAHL (via EBSCOhost), Medline and Pubmed, ClinicalKey, Science Direct and OVID. Electronic searches were supplemented by hand searches of journals, individual article reference lists and the World Wide Web...
October 2015: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26243585/the-effectiveness-of-clinically-indicated-replacement-of-peripheral-intravenous-catheters-an-evidence-review-with-implications-for-clinical-practice
#10
REVIEW
Kimberly Morrison, Karyn E Holt
BACKGROUND: Current clinical guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC; 2011) state that peripheral intravenous catheters are to be replaced every 72-96 hr to prevent infection and phlebitis in the adult patient. It is unclear whether this practice reduces the incidence of phlebitis or other infections. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine levels I and II evidence to determine if replacing peripheral intravenous catheters only when clinically indicated compared to every 72-96 hr increases the adult patient's risk for infection or phlebitis...
August 2015: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26211794/clinicalkey-2-0-upgrades-in-a-point-of-care-search-engine
#11
Mary Ann Huslig, Emily Vardell
ClinicalKey 2.0, launched September 23, 2014, offers a mobile-friendly design with a search history feature for targeting point-of-care resources for health care professionals. Browsing is improved with searchable, filterable listings of sources highlighting new resources. ClinicalKey 2.0 improvements include more than 1,400 new Topic Pages for quick access to point-of-care content. A sample search details some of the upgrades and content options.
2015: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25734693/the-utility-of-chloroquine-in-cancer-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Yuan Zhang, Zhi Liao, Li-juan Zhang, Hong-tao Xiao
BACKGROUND: The anti-malarial drug chloroquine has recently been discovered as a novel anti-tumor agent. This article is to review the recent development of chloroquine being used in cancer therapy. METHODS: PubMed, ScienceDirect and ClinicalKey served as the major databases. Key words included 'chloroquine', 'cancer', and 'autophagy'. The publication date was up to June 2015. RESULTS: Chloroquine mainly executes its anti-tumor function through inhibition of autophagy...
May 2015: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25576642/effectiveness-of-dry-needling-for-myofascial-trigger-points-associated-with-neck-and-shoulder-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Lin Liu, Qiang-Min Huang, Qing-Guang Liu, Gang Ye, Cheng-Zhi Bo, Meng-Jin Chen, Ping Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate current evidence of the effectiveness of dry needling of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) associated with neck and shoulder pain. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EBSCO, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, ScienceDirect, The Cochrane Library, ClinicalKey, Wanfang Data Chinese database, China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, Chinese Chongqing VIP Information, and SpringerLink databases were searched from database inception to January 2014. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials were performed to determine whether dry needling was used as the main treatment and whether pain intensity was included as an outcome...
May 2015: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24847273/intraoperative-use-of-remifentanil-and-opioid-induced-hyperalgesia-acute-opioid-tolerance-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Sang Hun Kim, Nicoleta Stoicea, Suren Soghomonyan, Sergio D Bergese
INTRODUCTION: The use of opioids has been increasing in operating room and intensive care unit to provide perioperative analgesia as well as stable hemodynamics. However, many authors have suggested that the use of opioids is associated with the expression of acute opioid tolerance (AOT) and opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH) in experimental studies and clinical observations in dose and/or time dependent exposure even when used within the clinically accepted doses. Recently, remifentanil has been used for pain management during anesthesia as well as in the intensive care units because of its rapid onset and offset...
2014: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24513112/primary-molar-pulpotomy-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Po-Yen Lin, Hsueh-Szu Chen, Yu-Hsiang Wang, Yu-Kang Tu
OBJECTIVE: Pulpotomy is a common procedure to treat asymptomatic reversible pulpitis in primary molars. The aim of this study is to undertake a systematic review and a network meta-analysis to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of different pulpotomy procedures in primary molars. DATA: Three authors performed data extraction independently and in duplicate using data collection forms. Disagreements were resolved by discussion. SOURCES: An electronic literature search was performed within MEDLINE (via PubMed), ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Cochrane, and ClinicalKey databases until December 2012...
September 2014: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24210209/hepaticoduodenostomy-versus-hepaticojejunostomy-after-resection-of-choledochal-cyst-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Sarath Kumar Narayanan, Yong Chen, Kannan Laksmi Narasimhan, Ralph Clinton Cohen
BACKGROUND: Excision has been established as a standard management practice for choledochal cysts in the last few decades. The two most commonly performed methods of reconstruction after excision are hepaticoduodenostomy (HD) and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy (HJ), of which the HJ is favored by most surgeons. Evidence concerning the optimal method of reconstruction is, however, sparse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies comparing outcomes from HD and HJ after choledochal cyst excision were identified by searching Medline, Ovid, Search Medica, Elsevier Clinicalkey, Google Scholar and Cochrane library...
November 2013: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23646031/survey-of-user-preferences-from-a-comparative-trial-of-uptodate-and-clinicalkey
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Michael R Kronenfeld, R Curtis Bay, William Coombs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2013: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23394422/clinicalkey-a-point-of-care-search-engine
#18
Emily Vardell
ClinicalKey is a new point-of-care resource for health care professionals. Through controlled vocabulary, ClinicalKey offers a cross section of resources on diseases and procedures, from journals to e-books and practice guidelines to patient education. A sample search was conducted to demonstrate the features of the database, and a comparison with similar tools is presented.
2013: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
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