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Tahleesa Cuda, Ronny Gunnarsson, Alan de Costa
BACKGROUND: Acquired Megacolon (AMC) is a condition involving persistent dilatation and lengthening of the colon in the absence of organic disease. Diagnosis depends on subjective radiological, endoscopic or surgical findings in the context of a suggestive clinical presentation. This review sets out to investigate diagnostic criteria of AMC. METHODS: The literature was searched using the databases - PubMed, Medline via OvidSP, ClinicalKey, Informit and the Cochrane Library...
January 31, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
Leila Chouiter, Sellama Nadifi
Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) is the most common type of infantile glaucoma, yet it remains a relatively rare disease, because the disease is often transmitted in an autosomal recessive pattern. However, PCG occurs up to 10 times more frequently in certain ethnic and geographical groups where consanguineous relationships are common. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of mutations in the cytochrome P450 1B1 gene ( CYP1B1 ) in patients with PCG among different populations around the world from 2011 until May 2016...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
IfeanyiChukwu O Onor, Daniel L Stirling, Shandrika R Williams, Daniel Bediako, Amne Borghol, Martha B Harris, Tiernisha B Darensburg, Sharde D Clay, Samuel C Okpechi, Daniel F Sarpong
Cigarette smoking-a crucial modifiable risk factor for organ system diseases and cancer-remains prevalent in the United States and globally. In this literature review, we aim to summarize the epidemiology of cigarette smoking and tobacco use in the United States, pharmacology of nicotine-the active constituent of tobacco, and health consequence of cigarette smoking. This article also reviews behavioral and pharmacologic interventions for cigarette smokers and provides cost estimates for approved pharmacologic interventions in the United States...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Sara Álvarez Rodríguez, Vital Hevia Palacios, Enrique Sanz Mayayo, Victoria Gómez Dos Santos, Víctor Díez Nicolás, María Dolores Sánchez Gallego, Javier Lorca Álvaro, Francisco Javier Burgos Revilla
OBJECTIVES: The routine diagnostic method for assessment of renal graft dysfunction is Doppler ultrasound. However, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) may provide more information about parenchymal flow and vascular status of kidney allografts. The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of CEUS in the immediate post-transplant period, focusing on acute vascular complications. A brief review of available literature and a report of our initial experience is made. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 15 kidney transplant (KT) cases with clinical suspicion of acute surgical complication were assessed with CEUS and conventional Doppler ultrasound (US)...
September 15, 2017: Diagnostics
Nalinee Poolsup, Naeti Suksomboon, Naw Juna Paw
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically determine the effect of dragon fruit on glycemic control in prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Electronic databases including MEDLINE, CENTRAL, CINAHL, Scopus, ScienceDirect®, Proquest, Web of Science®, LILACS, NAPRALERT, SciFinder, Clinicalkey, Herbmed, NCCIH and Google Scholar were searched from their earliest inception up to March 2017 for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which compared dragon fruit with placebo or no treatment in prediabetes or type 2 diabetes...
2017: PloS One
Mercedes Ruiz, Vital Hevia, Jose-Javier Fabuel, Alvaro-Amancio Fernández, Victoria Gómez, Francisco-Javier Burgos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze indications, surgical technique, complications and long-term outcomes of kidney autotransplantation (KAT) after 26-year experience at a single institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study of patients who underwent KAT at our institution (January 1990-December 2016) was carried out. Data collected included indications, surgical technique, complications (Clavien-Dindo), hospital stay and long-term outcomes. Literature review was performed through MEDLINE and ClinicalKey databases including "kidney," "renal," "autotransplantation" and "autograft...
November 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
Gary J Farkas, David R Gater
Content Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) results in physiological changes that markedly reduces whole-body metabolism, resulting in neurogenic obesity via adipose tissue accumulation. Adipose tissue has been implicated in the release of proinflammatory adipokines that lead to chronic, systemic inflammation, and evidence suggests these adipokines contribute to the pathogeneses of metabolic diseases that often accompany obesity. In this review, we propose the concept of neurogenic obesity through paralysis-induced adiposity as the primary source of systemic inflammation and metabolic dysfunction reported in chronic SCI...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Jean Aishwarya Henry, Murugan S Muthu, Kavitha Swaminathan, Richard Kirubakaran
PURPOSE: To summarise the evidence for the efficacy of oral health educational programmes provided to expectant mothers for preventing Early Childhood Caries (ECC) and to determine the most effective intervention programme. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search strategy included clinical trials in the Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar, LILACS and ClinicalKey (up to 26 August 2013) in English. Reference lists of identified randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and review articles were also hand searched...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
María Fernanda Alvarez, Adrián Bolívar-Mejía, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Eduardo Ramirez-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: In the last three years, chikungunya virus disease has been spreading, affecting particularly the Americas, producing more than two million cases. In this setting, not only new disease-related epidemiological patterns have been found, but also new clinical findings have been reported by different research groups. These include findings on the cardiovascular system, including clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic alterations. No previous systemic reviews have been found in major databases about it...
2017: F1000Research
Melvina Evereklian, Bobbie Posmontier
BACKGROUND: Preterm births occur among 11.4% of all live infant births. Without steady weight gain, premature infants may experience lengthy hospitalizations, neurodevelopmental deficits and hospital readmissions, which can increase the financial burden on the health care system and their families. The total U.S. health-related costs linked to preterm infant deliveries are estimated at $4.33 billion. Kangaroo care is a feasible practice that can improve preterm infant weight gain. However, this intervention is utilized less often throughout the U...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
R Poveda-Jaramillo, H D Castro-Arias, C Vallejo-Zarate, L F Ramos-Hurtado
The use of implantable cardiac devices in people of all ages is increasing, especially in the elderly population: patients with pacemakers, cardioverter-defibrillators or cardiac resynchronization therapy devices regularly present for surgery for non-cardiac causes. This review was made in order to collect and analyze the latest evidence for the proper management of implantable cardiac devices in the perioperative period. Through a detailed exploration of PubMed, Academic Search Complete (EBSCO), ClinicalKey, Cochrane (Ovid), the search software UpToDate, textbooks and patents freely available to the public on Google, we selected 33 monographs, which matched the objectives of this publication...
May 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Nicholas E Anton, Eric A Bean, Samuel C Hammonds, Dimitrios Stefanidis
INTRODUCTION: Mental skills training, which refers to the teaching of performance enhancement and stress management psychological strategies, may benefit surgeons. Our objective was to review the application of mental skills training in surgery and contrast it to other domains, examine the effectiveness of this approach in enhancing surgical performance and reducing stress, and provide future directions for mental skills training in surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search of MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, and ClinicalKey was performed between 1996 and 2016...
May 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Joel Kian Boon Lim, Jan Hau Lee, Ira M Cheifetz
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge with significant mortality and morbidity. There are limited data to guide identification and management. AREAS COVERED: The Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference recently proposed pediatric-specific definitions for ARDS and management recommendations. In this review, we discuss aspects of pediatric ARDS that have received more attention over the past few years: high frequency oscillatory ventilation, administration of corticosteroids and functional outcomes...
October 2016: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
Sarah Smith, Jenny Sim, Elizabeth Halcomb
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To critically analyse the literature describing nurses' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding influenza vaccination. BACKGROUND: Influenza is a serious illness that has significant impacts on productivity, health outcomes and healthcare costs. Despite the recommendations for nurses to be vaccinated annually against influenza, the vaccination rates remain suboptimal. DESIGN: Integrative literature review. METHODS: An integrative review was conducted as described by Whittemore and Knafl (2005)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Jason M Matuszak, Jennifer McVige, Jacob McPherson, Barry Willer, John Leddy
CONTEXT: With heightened awareness of concussion, there is a need to assess and manage the concussed patient in a consistent manner. Unfortunately, concussion physical examination has not been standardized or supported by evidence. Important questions remain about the physical examination. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Review of ClinicalKey, Cochrane, MEDLINE, and PubMed prior to July 2015 was performed using search terms, including concussion, mTBI, physical examination, mental status, cranial nerves, reflexes, cervical, vestibular, and oculomotor...
May 2016: Sports Health
Mariana Alvarez-Sánchez, Ernesto Rodríguez-Ayala, Rosa María Ponce-Olivera, Andrés Tirado-Sánchez, María Ivonne Arellano-Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Acne is one of the dermatological pathologies with the highest incidence around the world. It is a multifactorial disease and its treatment can be complex. Propionibacterium acnes play a key role in the inflammation of this dermatosis. Topical antibiotics, including mainly erythromycin and clindamycin, have been used, but there is controversy over their use due to the widely documented bacterial resistance. For this reason a meta-analysis of the publications over the past 10 years is presented in order to confirm this hypothesis...
May 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Rommel Andrade Carrillo, Sujey Gómez Cano, Juan David Palacio Ortiz, Jenny García Valencia
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is a disabling disease that involves a significant economic costs to the health system, making it is essential to investigate possible early predictors such as changes in sleep-wake cycle in high-risk populations. OBJECTIVE: To review the available literature on alterations in the sleep-wake cycle and circadian rhythm in patients with bipolar disorder and their first degree relatives. METHODS: A literature search was performed in the data bases, Access Medicine, ClinicalKey, EMBASE, JAMA, Lilacs, OVID, Oxford Journals, ScienceDirect, SciELO, APA y PsycNET...
October 2015: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Murugan Satta Muthu, Saikia Ankita, Apathsakayan Renugalakshmi, Kirubakaran Richard
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to assess whether prenatal use of fluoride, chlorhexidine mouthrinses, and xylitol could alter the mutans streptococci levels in children. METHODS: A systematic search of clinical trials was implemented for the Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, PubMed, PMC, NCBI, ClinicalKey, Google Scholar, LILACS, and Science Direct. A search for ongoing trials was also undertaken in the database to identify eligible studies...
September 2015: Pediatric Dentistry
Mark Ferretti, John Phillips
INTRODUCTION: Prostatectomy for benign disease, also known as a 'simple prostatectomy', is neither simple in indication nor approach. In the post-Medical Therapy of Prostatic Symptoms (MTOPS), NCT00021814 trial era, the medical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and consequent bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) has shifted surgical intervention to those patients who are medical-non responders, present with advanced signs of BOO and obstructive uropathy, and those with prostate gland volumes beyond the size normally approachable with standard transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)...
October 2015: Canadian Journal of Urology
Sarah Beggs, Jack Short, Monica Rengifo-Pardo, Alison Ehrlich
BACKGROUND: The 308-nm excimer laser has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of psoriasis and vitiligo. Its ability to treat localized areas has led to many studies determining its potential in the treatment of focal diseases with inflammation or hypopigmentation. OBJECTIVE: To review the different applications of the 308-nm excimer laser for treating dermatologic conditions. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An extensive literature review was conducted by searching PubMed, MEDLINE, and ClinicalKey to find articles pertaining to dermatologic conditions treated with the 308-nm excimer laser...
November 2015: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
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