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Jai Hoon Yoon, Youn Jeong Kim, Gwang Ho Baik, Yeon Soo Kim, Ki Tae Suk, Jin Bong Kim, Dong Loon Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Obesity is a chronic inflammatory condition and is strongly linked to raised levels of pro-inflammatory factors and may lead to fatty infiltration of multiple internal organs including the gallbladder and liver, causing organ dysfunction. This study was performed to evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and acute and chronic cholecystitis, and cholecystitis and cholesterolosis. We investigated the clinical implications of BMI as a predictive factor of cholesterol associated cholecystitis...
June 2014: Hepato-gastroenterology
R Haddad, B O'Brien, J Evans, C Orr
We report a 63-year-old male patient who presented with eosinophilic granulomatous vasculitis of the gall bladder secondary to carbamazepine drug therapy. Following commencement of carbamazepine for treatment of partial seizures, the patient developed an allergic cutaneous drug rash. He continued to take carbamazepine postdischarge despite cessation by the treating team. He represented 7 weeks later with acute pancreatitis and cholecystis. Gall bladder histopathology showed a granulomatous vasculitis.
July 2014: Internal Medicine Journal
Maike Beisele, Zeli Shen, Nicola Parry, Melissa Mobley, Nancy S Taylor, Ellen Buckley, Mohammad Z Abedin, Floyd E Dewhirst, James G Fox
Prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) are used to study the aetiology and prevention of gallstones because of the similarities of prairie dog and human bile gallstone composition. Epidemiological and experimental studies have suggested a connection between infection with Helicobacter species and cholesterol cholelithiasis, cholecystis and gallbladder cancer. Ten of the 34 prairie dogs in this study had positive Helicobacter species identified by PCR using Helicobacter genus-specific primers. Ten of 34 prairie dogs had positive Campylobacter species identified in the intestine by PCR with Campylobacter genus-specific primers...
September 2011: Journal of Medical Microbiology
A Fraioli, G Menunni, L Petraccia, M Fontana, S Nocchi, M Grassi
The authors point out the therapeutic properties of sulphate-bicarbonate mineral waters. After summarizing the general mechanism of action of mineral waters, the main indications of such waters in thermal treatment are examined including: biliary sand, biliary dyskinesia, functional dyspepsia, irritable colon, chronic primitive constipation. The dysfunctions of biliary and digestive tracts are growing, mainly in the affluent world, because of the increase for stress, dietary habits, modern life style. Now they affect from 2,4% of general population to 7% of men and 20% of women, according to different studies...
2010: La Clinica Terapeutica
B De Peuter, I Box, R Vanheste, S Dymarkowski
Complicated small-bowel diverticulosis is a rather uncommon cause of upper abdominal pain. It may lead to symptoms presenting with an acute onset or to chronic and nonspecific complaints. As the presentation is often similar to other pathologies (acute appendicitis, pancreatitis, or acute cholecystis) and in many cases diagnosis is made on basis of surgical findings, careful analysis of the imaging landmarks may be warranted to aid in the early stages of detection. In this report, we present clinical and morphological findings in three patients where small-bowel diverticulitis was surgically proven...
2009: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Uwe Schiemann, A Ferhat, M Götzberger, C Kaiser, J Stief, R Landgraf, C Dieterle
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous pancreas/kidney transplantation (SPK) should be the procedure of choice for (pre)uremic patients with type 1 diabetes. All standard immunosuppressive protocols for SPK include a calcineurin-inhibitor. Both calcineurin inhibitors, cyclosporine (CyA) and probably tacrolimus (FK506) too, are associated with the occurrence of cholelithiasis due to their metabolic side effects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated the prevalence of cholelithiasis in 83 kidney/pancreas transplanted type I-diabetic patients (46 males, 37 females, mean age 42...
March 31, 2008: European Journal of Medical Research
P Puche, E Jacquet, F Borie, P E Colombo, H Bouyabrine, A Herrero, F Guillon, J P Carabalona, J M Fabre, B Millat, J Domergue, F Navarro
UNLABELLED: Biliary injuries after laparoscopic cholecystectomy are rare but serious. Their mortality rate can reach 9%. AIM OF THE STUDY: Describe the management of biliary injuries after laparoscopic cholecystectomy in our center. PATIENTS: Between January 1995 and June 2005, 27 patients (13 women, 14 men) were treated. The mean age was 53 years old (range, 18-92 years). The biliary injuries were common bile duct sections (n=16, 60%), common bile duct stenoses (n=5, 18...
September 2007: Journal de Chirurgie
Olivier Poujade, Eva Ghiles, Ali Senasli
The torsion of greater omentum is a rare cause of acute abdominal pain. After relating a case of torsion of the great omentum we review the literature. Its etiology is uncertain, although several factors have been underlined. The symptoms mimic surgical illness acute appendicitis, cholecystis, or diverticulitis. Sometimes ultrasonography and computed tomography can establish the diagnosis safely and allow conservative management. In the other ways, laparoscopy is a great help for the diagnosis and the treatment...
February 2007: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
I M A Salam, A Own, N A Kareem, O A Hameed, C J Yak, K A Zaki
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the results of minimum access surgery in Sudanese patients. DESIGN: Prospective audit of laparoscopic cholecystectomies. SETTING: The Academy Medical center (Yastabshiroon), Teaching University Hospital. SUBJECTS: All the patients who had this type of surgery were included in the study. Clinical and operative data were evacuated from March 2002 to March 2004. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: One hundred and twenty patients had laparoscopic cholecystectomy at the center...
January 2005: East African Medical Journal
M M Mikou, Y Mouaffak, A Benyacob, A Mosaddek, M Faroudy, A Ababou, C Lazreq, A Sbihi
We report a case of a 50-year-old woman, taking antivitamin K for double mitro-aortic valvular replacement, having presented a clinical picture of acute cholecystitis with marked hypotension. The radiological and biologic exams showed a deep hypocoagulability, vesicular gallstones, a haemoperitoneum and retroperitoneal haematoma. After correction of biological anomalies, the patient was operated. The gallbladder was distended containing large clots and four stones without any evidence of perforation. One of the gallstones led to cystic duct obstruction...
July 2004: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1955: Khirurgiia
P Arbeille, S Herault, J Roumy, M Porcher, S Besnard, P Vieyres
As human will stay for long duration in isolated sites like ISS there will be a need to perform quick and reliable diagnosis to evaluate the gravity of the pathology in presence of clinical symptoms. Many pathological situations (abnormal heart rate, pericardic collection, mitral prolaps, cholecystis, renal lithiasis, normal and ectopic pregnancies, ovarian cyst, acute appendicitis, phlebitis ... ) may occur even if all the astronauts are absolutely normal and healthy preflight. Ultrasound echography and Doppler are non invasive methods easy to use in space and very well adapted and used in routine for such diagnosis at the hospital...
July 2001: Journal of Gravitational Physiology: a Journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology
M Rossi, F M Salvatori, L Giglio, F Fanelli, V Cantisani, P Rossi, V David
INTRODUCTION: The development of videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy (VLC) has represented an important achievement in the search for minimally invasive surgical procedures, and especially in the surgical management of such a common and costly disease as cholelithiasis. However, the literature shows that, while VLC carries a similar mortality rate to open surgery, it has a greater incidence (2-5 times) of iatrogenic injury to the biliary tract and hepatic hilum [3, 5, 10, 25, 28]; this incidence further increases in cases of so-called "hard cholecystis" [10, 13, 25, 28, 30]...
April 2002: La Radiologia Medica
P Kaminsky, J Deibener, J F Lesesve, J C Humbert
PURPOSE: Leukocytosis is considered as an argument for infection. We have compared leukocytosis with the other data available with the white blood cell count. METHODS: White blood cell counts obtained from 187 patients (age: 18 to 81 years), admitted to an emergency room for abdominal pain, were analysed using an automate (Bayer Technicon H2, Dublin, Ireland), and compared with matched healthy subjects. The patients were classified into two groups: diseases of the biliary or of the urinary tract, and subsequently in two subgroups: infectious diseases (angiocholitis, cholecystis, pyelonephritis) or non-infectious diseases (hepatic and nephritic colic)...
February 2002: La Revue de Médecine Interne
N Parez, B Quinet, S Batut, E Grimprel, M Larroquet, G Audry, P Bégué
BACKGROUND: Gallstones are frequently encountered in sickle cell disease. Their complications are difficult to distinguish from vaso-occlusive abdominal pain and they can sometimes threaten the patient's life. The aim of this study was to describe our local experience with cholelithiasis in children with sickle cell disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the follow-up records and abdominal sonography results of 185 children with sickle cell anemia, aged zero to 18 years, followed up in Trousseau Children's Hospital (Paris) from 1982 to 1998...
October 2001: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
H Nakashiro, S Haraoka, K Fujiwara, S Harada, T Hisatsugu, T Watanabe
Thirty-three cases of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) exhibiting the typical morphologic features were studied by light and electron microscopy and immunohistochemical techniques. Incidence of XGC was 4.2% of the surgically resected gallbladder diseases. Histologically, the granulomatous lesion of XGC principally consisted of accumulations of foam cells and lymphocytes. Variable numbers of multinucleated giant cells, granulocytes and fibroblastic cells were also noted. With respect to the origin of foam cells, it was considered that the vast majority of foam cells were derived from monocytes/macrophages because they were invariably positive for KP1, HAM56, CD11b and CD68...
November 1995: Pathology, Research and Practice
M R Aziz, W B Wandwi
In a five year review, there were 30 cases of cholelithiasis treated at the Muhimbili Medical Centre, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The male to female ratio was 1:3, and the peak age for cholelithiasis was in the 30 to 49 years age group. Right upper quadrant abdominal pain was the commonest presenting symptom (100 pc), and cholecystectomy was performed in all patients. Local complications of gall stones were recorded in seven patients (23.3 pc) and these included; gall bladder empyema, pericholecysteal abscess, CBD stone, gall bladder adenoma, gall bladder mucocele, and two patients had acute cholecystis...
October 1995: Central African Journal of Medicine
U Rusconi, G Limido, S Donnini, U Maspero, A Borghi
Anatomopathological, clinical, therapeutical aspects of intraluminal duodenal diverticulum are analyzed. This is an illness of which are described in all literature of world about 47 to 70 cases. On intraluminal duodenal diverticulum is described with x rays examinations. The diagnosis of this illness is made by radiological and endoscopical examinations. The clinical symptoms are very poor, but many illness of duodenum, pancreas, cholecystis are associated with this.
June 30, 1980: Minerva Medica
G Benoit, H Larrieu
The authors have studied 36 cases of duodenal diverticula detected during 500 biliary operations. Initial pre-operative diagnosis was based on upper gastrointestinal barium series alone. Fiberopticduodenoscopy was unable to detect the diverticula. Patients were studied by cholangiocinesimetry. This technic demonstrated that oddian activity was satisfactory, with normal sphincter pressures and thus eliminated any suspicion of odditis. In this series, diverticula of the duodenal window lead to no more complications than do cholelithiasis, acute cholecystis or acute pancreatitis...
May 8, 1980: La Semaine des Hôpitaux: Organe Fondé Par L'Association D'enseignement Médical des Hôpitaux de Paris
E A Dainko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1970: California Medicine
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