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thyroid storm guide

Colin L Knight, Shamil D Cooray, Jaideep Kulkarni, Michael Borschmann, Mark Kotowicz
A 51 year old man presented with sepsis in the setting of thioamide-induced agranulocytosis. Empiric broad-spectrum antibiotics was followed by directed narrow-spectrum antibiotics, and his neutrophil count recovered with support from granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) analogue transfusions. After a brief period of multi-modal therapy for nine days including potassium iodide (Lugol's iodine), cholestyramine, propanolol and lithium to temper his persisting hyperthyroidism, a total thyroidectomy was performed while thyroid hormone levels remained at thyrotoxic levels...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Roy Cho, Michele Leclaire, Robert Kempainen
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of heparin-induced hyperkalemia and the role for transtubular potassium gradient (TTKG) to guide fludrocortisone therapy. CASE SUMMARY: A 52-year-old white male developed hyperkalemia after receiving intravenous unfractionated heparin (UFH) for atrial fibrillation during thyroid storm. Admission laboratory results were noteworthy for normal potassium levels, undetectable thyroid-stimulating hormone, and mild transaminitis. Treatment for thyroid storm was initiated but UFH was stopped because the international normalized ratio was subsequently found to be elevated...
September 2013: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Kei Torigoe, Hiroto Suzuki, Waka Nakajima, Minori Takahashi, Mitsuo Aoyagi
We report a case of a 47-year-old woman with past medical history of Graves disease who presented with thyroid storm, a state of physiologic decompensation due to severe thyrotoxicosis, and arthritis purulenta. Antithyroid therapy ameliorated thyrotoxicosis in 4 days, and arthroscopic synovectomy of the right knee was performed. Anesthesia was induced with intravenous propofol. Esmolol, an ultra-short-acting beta blocker listed in national drug tariff of Japan for intraoperative continuous iv infusion in March 2008, was also administered to control heart rate...
February 2010: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Sana Ullah, Luis Zabala, Bryan Watkins, Michael L Schmitz
There is a critical shortage of donor organs. According to the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), 20% of organs are discarded after procurement. Many of these may be potentially salvageable. Brain death is particularly detrimental to cardiac function. The initial sympathetic storm can produce direct myocardial injury. The ensuing spinal shock reduces global oxygen delivery. There is a change to anaerobic metabolism due to global mitochondrial dysfunction. Diabetes insipidus worsens hypovolemia and thyroid deficiency impairs cardiac function...
March 2006: Perfusion
R H Lustig
The regulation of energy balance is enormously complex, with numerous genetic, hormonal, neural/behavioral, and societal influences. Although the current epidemic of obesity has its underpinnings in the changes in culture during the last half century, the role of the neuroendocrine system in the genesis of obesity is physiologically and therapeutically unavoidable. Increased understanding of this system has suggested organic etiologies (and therapies) for some rare and not-so-rare forms of obesity. With so many inputs, it is not implausible that dysfunction of other parts of this feedback system will be found to explain other forms of obesity in the future...
September 2001: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
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