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Formula milk

Yvan Vandenplas, Rajat Mukherjee, Christophe Dupont, Philippe Eigenmann, Arne Høst, Mikael Kuitunen, Carmen Ribes-Koninkx, Neil Shah, Hania Szajewska, Andrea von Berg, Ralf G Heine, Zheng-Yan Zhao
INTRODUCTION: The symptoms of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) in infancy can be non-specific which may delay a correct diagnosis and cause adverse clinical outcomes. The diagnosis of non-IgE-mediated CMPA is particularly complex as it involves a 2 to 4 week elimination diet followed by oral food challenge (OFC). The Cow's Milk-related Symptom Score (CoMiSS) is a clinical resource for primary healthcare providers which aims to increase awareness of CMPA symptoms to facilitate an earlier diagnosis...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Patricia Rollier, Bertrand Lombard, Laurent Guillier, Danièle François, Karol Romero, Sylvie Pierru, Laurence Bouhier, Nathalie Gnanou Besse
The reference method for the detection and enumeration of L. monocytogenes in food (Standards EN ISO 11290-1&2) have been validated by inter-laboratory studies in the frame of the Mandate M381 from European Commission to CEN. In this paper, the inter-laboratory studies led in 2013 on 5 matrices (cold-smoked salmon, milk powdered infant food formula, vegetables, environment, and cheese) to validate Standard EN ISO 11290-2 are reported. According to the results obtained, the method of the revised Standard EN ISO 11290-2 can be considered as a good method for the enumeration of L...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Daiani Modernel Xavier, Giovana Calcagno Gomes, Juliane Portella Ribeiro, Marina Soares Mota, Simone Quadros Alvarez
OBJECTIVES: To know the effects for the newborn of the use of crack in pregnancy. METHODS: This is a qualitative study conducted in a university hospital in southern Brazil, in the first half of 2014. Fifteen mothers crack users and five grandparents participated. The data were produced through semi-structured interviews and later submitted to content analysis. RESULTS: It was found that the use of crack in pregnancy leads to repercussions related to the health of the newborn and repercussions related to family restructuring...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
Martin Jj Ronis, Horacio Gomez-Acevedo, Kartik Shankar, Neha Sharma, Michael Blackburn, Rohit Singhal, Kelly E Mercer, Thomas M Badger
The isoflavone phytoestrogens found in the soy protein isolate used in soy infant formulas have been shown to have estrogenic actions in the developing male reproductive tract resulting in reproductive toxicity. However, few studies have examined potential estrogenicity of soy protein isolate as opposed to that of pure isoflavones. In this study, we fed weanling male Sprague-Dawley rats a semi-purified diet with casein or soy protein isolate as the sole protein source from postnatal day 21 to 33. Additional groups were fed casein or soy protein isolate and treated s...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Frank R Greer
There is a long history of the use of starch in infant feeding. Proprietary infant foods (1867-1920) contained added starch from either cereal grains or malted carbohydrates. When evaporated milk became available in the 1920s, the use of proprietary foods fell out of favor. Evaporated milk formulas were a mixture of milk, water, and modified starch or milk sugar (lactose). By the late 1920s, however, corn syrup became the most common modified starch added to evaporated milk formulas as it was widely available, inexpensive, and readily accepted...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Yimin Chen, Giamila Fantuzzi, Michael Schoeny, Paula Meier, Aloka L Patel
BACKGROUND: Premature infants are susceptible to oxidative stress, increasing the risk for serious morbidities. High-dose human milk (HM) feedings decrease morbidity risks and may reduce oxidative stress in this population. The purpose of this study was to compare oxidative stress using serial urinary F2 -isoprostane concentrations in predominantly HM and preterm formula (PF)-fed premature infants over the first 21 days of life (DOL), while controlling for perinatal oxidative stress exposures including bovine-based human milk fortifier (HMF) or PF introduction to predominantly HM-fed infants...
May 15, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Rajalakshmi Lakshman, Stephen J Sharp, Fiona Whittle, Annie Schiff, Wendy Hardeman, Lisa Irvine, Ed Wilson, Simon J Griffin, Ken K Ong
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of a theory-based behavioural intervention to prevent rapid weight gain in formula milk-fed infants. DESIGN: In this single (assessor) blind, randomised controlled trial, 669 healthy full-term infants receiving formula milk within 14 weeks of birth were individually randomised to intervention (n=340) or attention-matched control (n=329) groups. The intervention aimed to reduce formula milk intakes, and promote responsive feeding and growth monitoring to prevent rapid weight gain (≥+0...
May 14, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Kirsty V Biggs, Katherine Hurrell, Eleanor Matthews, Ekaterina Khaleva, Daniel Munblit, Robert J Boyle
Breastfeeding rates are low in the UK, where approximately one quarter of infants receive a breastmilk substitute (BMS) in the first week of life. We investigated the reasons for early BMS use in two large maternity units in the UK, in order to understand the reasons for the high rate of early BMS use in this setting. Data were collected through infant feeding records, as well as maternal and midwife surveys in 2016. During 2016, 28% of infants received a BMS supplement prior to discharge from the hospital maternity units with only 10% supplementation being clinically indicated...
May 14, 2018: Nutrients
Liyuan Hao, Qiang Shan, Jingya Wei, Fengtao Ma, Peng Sun
Lactoferrin (lactotransferrin; Lf) is an iron-binding glycoprotein and one of the most important bioactivators in milk and other external secretions. It has numerous biological roles, including the regulation of iron absorption and modulation of immune responses, and has anti-microbial, anti-viral, antioxidant, anti-cancer, and anti-inflammatory activities. Lf regulates the quantity of iron absorbed in the intestine via its role in iron transport and can also chelate iron, directly or indirectly. Notably, it has been used as an adjuvant therapy for some intestinal diseases...
May 14, 2018: Current Protein & Peptide Science
Abdul Jaleel A Latif Zainel, Sherif R Omar Osman, Sadriya Mohammed S Al-Kohji, Nagah A Selim
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the magnitude of anaemia, iron deficiency (ID), iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and to explore epidemiological features of ID and feeding practices among infants aged 12 months in Qatar. SETTING: Well baby clinics in 14 randomly selected primary healthcare centres covering all geographical areas on the national level. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred and six (163 male and 143 female) infants of all nationalities were enrolled...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
Antonio J Signes-Pastor, Kathryn L Cottingham, Manus Carey, Vicki Sayarath, Thomas Palys, Andrew A Meharg, Carol L Folt, Margaret R Karagas
Early-life exposure to inorganic arsenic (i-As) may cause long-lasting health effects, but as yet, little is known about exposure among weaning infants. We assessed exposure before and during weaning and investigated the association between solid food intake and infants' urinary arsenic species concentrations. Following the recording of a comprehensive 3 day food diary, paired urine samples (pre- and post-weaning) were collected and analyzed for arsenic speciation from 15 infants participating in the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ting Yang, Liansheng Zhang, Wei Bao, Shuang Rong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As breast milk is considered nature's best food for infant growth and development, understanding its nutritional composition is crucial for optimising the components of infant formula milk. In this study, we aimed to summarise the available evidence on the nutritional composition of breast milk from Chinese women, in particular, the macronutrients, fatty acids and minerals. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Chinese databases for articles about human breast milk from Chinese women published in English or Chinese between 1999 and 2015...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
G Boué, L A Wasiewska, E Cummins, J-P Antignac, B Le Bizec, S Guillou, J-M Membré
Tap water is used in France to reconstitute powder infant formula, although it is not sterile and possibly contaminated by microbiological and chemical hazards. The present study aims to quantify risks of using tap water in France for the preparation of infant formula, during the first six months of life. Cryptosporidium and arsenic were selected as hazards of greatest concern in microbiology and chemistry, respectively. A probabilistic model was developed using French (when available) and European (alternatively) data...
June 2018: Food Research International
Alessandra Mazzocchi, Veronica D'Oria, Valentina De Cosmi, Silvia Bettocchi, Gregorio Paolo Milani, Marco Silano, Carlo Agostoni
The quantity and quality of dietary lipids in infant formulae have a significant impact on health outcomes, especially when fat storing and/or absorption are limited (e.g., preterm birth and short bowel disease) or when fat byproducts may help to prevent some pathologies (e.g., atopy). The lipid composition of infant formulae varies according to the different fat sources used, and the potential biological effects are related to the variety of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. For example, since lipids are the main source of energy when the normal absorptive capacity of the digestive tract is compromised, medium-chain saturated fatty acids might cover this requirement...
May 4, 2018: Nutrients
Shiyi Zhang, Fang Su, Jing Li, Weiju Chen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the analgesic effects of maternal milk odor on newborns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the literature in PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and collected all the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effects of maternal milk odor versus scentless or other odors on procedural pain in newborns. The quality of included studies was assessed by the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias tool...
May 7, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Minghua Tang, Audrey E Hendricks, Nancy F Krebs
Background: Protein intake from cow milk-based infant formula has been associated with rapid weight gain and increased adiposity, but the effect of protein from complementary foods has not been prospectively evaluated, and the effect of protein from sources other than formula during complementary feeding is not clear. Objective: The aim of this study was to directly compare the effect of protein from 2 common complementary food sources, meat and dairy, on infant growth and weight trajectory...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Line Hedegaard Toftlund, Susanne Halken, Lone Agertoft, Gitte Zachariassen
Background: In term-born infants, the risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been shown to be associated with formula feeding and early rapid growth. Breastfeeding, however, seems to be associated with a lower risk of MetS among term-born infants. Objective: The possible association between type of early nutrition, early growth, and possible influence on different metabolic outcomes at 6 y of age was investigated in very-preterm-born children. Design: This study is a 6-y follow-up of 281 very-preterm-born infants with a gestational age of ≤32 wk...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Derek H C Ng, Nicholas D Embleton, William McGuire
Clinical Question: For preterm infants, is hydrolyzed formula associated with lower rates of feeding intolerance, lower rates of necrotizing enterocolitis, and faster rates of growth compared with standard cow's milk formula? Bottom Line: Compared with standard formula, feeding preterm infants hydrolyzed formula is not associated with a lower rate of feeding intolerance, a lower rate of necrotizing enterocolitis, or with faster growth.
April 24, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Bll Maciel, M L Moraes, A M Soares, Ifs Cruz, Mir de Andrade, J Q Filho, F S Junior, P N Costa, C B Abreu, R Ambikapathi, R L Guerrant, L E Caulfield, Aam Lima
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to describe breast-feeding, complementary feeding and determining factors for early complementary feeding from birth to 8 months of age in a typical Brazilian low-income urban community. DESIGN: A birth cohort was conducted (n 233), with data collection twice weekly, allowing close observation of breast-feeding, complementary feeding introduction and description of the WHO core indicators on infant and young child feeding. Infant feeding practices were related to socio-economic status (SES), assessed by Water/sanitation, wealth measured by a set of eight Assets, Maternal education and monthly household Income (WAMI index)...
April 26, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Wen-Lin Li, Fan-Zhi Kong, Qiang Zhang, Wei-Wen Liu, Hao Kong, Xiao-Ping Liu, Muhammad-Idrees Khan, Amir Wahid, Shah Saud, Hua Xiao, Cheng-Xi Cao, Liu-Yin Fan
Melamine was sometimes adulterated to dairy products for false protein content increase in developing countries. However, portable sensor has not been developed for on-spot determination of melamine in dairy products yet. Herein, a distance-based sensor was advanced for the quantification of melamine in dairy products based on chip electrophoretic titration (ET) of moving neutralization boundary (NB) and EDTA photo-catalysis. In the chip sensor, EDTA, H2O2 and leucomalachite green (LMG) were added in the anode well...
April 26, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
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