keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Electroconvulsive therapy and schizophrenia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824784/use-of-expert-consultation-in-a-complex-case-of-neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-requiring-electroconvulsive-therapy
#1
Justine Wittenauer Welsh, A Umair Janjua, Steven J Garlow, Laurie McCormick, Mustafa M Husain, Daniel F Maixner, Richard D Weiner, Adriana P Hermida
Our team at Emory University Hospital contacted experts at the National Network of Depression Centers (NNDC) for clinical guidance concerning a patient with schizophrenia hospitalized in the intensive care unit with a complex case of prolonged delirium secondary to neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Through the NNDC, leading psychiatrists across the United States with expertise in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) provided us with treatment strategies based on experience in our area of concern. This report describes our use of ECT to treat severe NMS in this patient with schizophrenia, utilizing the recommendations made by the NNDC's ECT experts concerning electrode position, number and frequency of treatments, and selection of anesthetic induction agents...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813505/is-electroconvulsive-therapy-effective-as-augmentation-in-clozapine-resistant-schizophrenia
#2
Lucas Kittsteiner Manubens, Diego Lobos Urbina, David Aceituno
Clozapine is considered to be the most effective antipsychotic drug for patients with treatment resistant schizophrenia, but up to a third of the patients do not respond to this treatment. Various strategies have been tried to augment the effect of clozapine in non-responders, one of these strategies being electroconvulsive therapy. However, its efficacy and safety are not yet clear. Searching in Epistemonikos database, which is maintained by screening 30 databases, we identified six systematic reviews including 55 studies, among them six randomized controlled trials addressing clozapine-resistant schizophrenia...
October 14, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800285/remission-of-psychosis-in-treatment-resistant-schizophrenia-following-a-seizure-a-case-report
#3
Hena Jawaid, Sana Younus, Hanif Mesiya
The authors report a case of treatment-resistant schizophrenia in a 22-year-old woman, who, despite multiple trials of antipsychotics, did not respond to treatment. Clozapine treatment was initiated, but the patient's symptoms did not remit until after she had a clozapine-induced seizure. The authors discuss the importance in considering that electroconvulsive therapy may be effective in reducing positive and negative symptoms in patients suffering from treatment-resistant schizophrenia.
May 2016: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759808/the-maintenance-of-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy-combined-with-risperidone-is-better-than-risperidone-alone-in-preventing-relapse-of-schizophrenia-and-improving-cognitive-function
#4
Ying Yang, Xiaojing Cheng, Qingzhi Xu, Renjun Li, Zengxun Liu, Liping Wang, Yanqing Zhang, Guoqiang Ren, Jintong Liu
Objective: To evaluate the effect of maintenance modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) on schizophrenic patients. Methods: From June 2012 to June 2014, 62 patients with schizophrenia, who had recovered from a successful course of acute MECT, were recruited. Thirty-one patients received maintenance MECT and risperidone, as the experimental group. Another 31 patients were enrolled in the control group, and received risperidone only. The effects on cognitive functions, clinical symptoms and relapse rate were determined...
October 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753759/electroconvulsive-therapy-in-schizophrenia-in-china-a-national-survey
#5
Qian Li, Yun-Ai Su, Yu-Tao Xiang, Liang Shu, Xin Yu, Gabor S Ungvari, Stephen J Seiner, Helen F K Chiu, Yu-Ping Ning, Gao-Hua Wang, Ke-Rang Zhang, Tao Li, Li-Zhong Sun, Jian-Guo Shi, Xian-Sheng Chen, Qi-Yi Mei, Ke-Qing Li, Tian-Mei Si
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) use in the treatment of schizophrenia in China. This study examined the frequency of ECT use, its trend between 2006 and 2012, and its independent demographic and clinical correlates in a nationwide survey in China. METHODS: A total of 5162 inpatients in 45 Chinese psychiatric hospitals/centers were interviewed (2696 in 2006 and 2466 in 2012). Patients' sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were recorded using a standardized protocol and data collection procedure...
October 7, 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723522/electroconvulsive-therapy-and-its-relationships-with-clinical-characteristics-and-quality-of-life-in-chinese-psychiatric-patients
#6
Feng-Rong An, Ling Zhang, Qing-E Zhang, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Ping-Ping Wu, Xin Jin, Lu Li, Grace K I Lok, Yu-Tao Xiang
Little is known about the pattern of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) use in the clinical population in China. This study examined the percentage of ECT use and its association with clinical characteristics and quality of life (QOL) in a psychiatric center in China that caters for a population of 20 million. A total sample of 1364 inpatients was consecutively recruited for the study. Demographic and clinical data including the use of ECT were collected. Psychopathology, activity of daily living and QOL were measured using standardized instruments...
September 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668942/clozapine-resistant-schizophrenia-treated-with-ultra-brief-pulse-unilateral-electroconvulsive-therapy
#7
Gonçalo Cotovio, Ana Velosa, Albino Oliveira-Maia, Bernardo Barahona-Correa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663585/the-change-in-facial-emotion-recognition-ability-in-inpatients-with-treatment-resistant-schizophrenia-after-electroconvulsive-therapy
#8
Mihriban Dalkıran, Akif Tasdemir, Tamer Salihoglu, Murat Emul, Alaattin Duran, Mufit Ugur, Ruhi Yavuz
People with schizophrenia have impairments in emotion recognition along with other social cognitive deficits. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the immediate benefits of ECT on facial emotion recognition ability. Thirty-two treatment resistant patients with schizophrenia who have been indicated for ECT enrolled in the study. Facial emotion stimuli were a set of 56 photographs that depicted seven basic emotions: sadness, anger, happiness, disgust, surprise, fear, and neutral faces. The average age of the participants was 33...
September 23, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607568/adjunctive-electroconvulsive-therapy-for-schizophrenia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-rater-masked-controlled-trials-retraction
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607567/electroconvulsive-therapy-alone-for-schizophrenia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-single-blind-controlled-trials-retraction
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590010/electroconvulsive-shock-attenuated-microgliosis-and-astrogliosis-in-the-hippocampus-and-ameliorated-schizophrenia-like-behavior-of-gunn-rat
#11
Erlyn Limoa, Sadayuki Hashioka, Tsuyoshi Miyaoka, Keiko Tsuchie, Ryosuke Arauchi, Ilhamuddin A Azis, Rei Wake, Maiko Hayashida, Tomoko Araki, Motohide Furuya, Kristian Liaury, Andi J Tanra, Jun Horiguchi
BACKGROUND: Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is regarded as one of the efficient treatments for intractable psychiatric disorders, the mechanism of therapeutic action remains unclear. Recently, many studies indicate that ECT affects the immune-related cells, such as microglia, astrocytes, and lymphocytes. Moreover, microglial activation and astrocytic activation have been implicated in the postmortem brains of schizophrenia patients. We previously demonstrated that Gunn rats showed schizophrenia-like behavior and microglial activation in their brains...
2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462511/effects-of-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy-on-the-electroencephalogram-of-schizophrenia-patients
#12
Ling Zhao, Yansheng Jiang, Hongxing Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) on the electroencephalogram (EEG) of schizophrenia patients. A total of 26 schizophrenia patients who received MECT were recruited. EEG recording was initiated at 30 min before 1st and 6th MECT and terminated on the 2nd day. Images without artifacts were selected for the analysis of δ, θ, α1, α2 and β bands. The wave energy at each frequency, index of waves at different bands from the same lead, index of waves at the same band from different leads, time of epileptic discharge, time of resting state, and time to the stable EEG were determined and compared...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448177/-treatment-of-psychiatric-disorders-during-pregnancy-and-the-breast-feeding-psychotherapy-and-other-nondrug-therapies
#13
S Kittel-Schneider, A Reif
The majority of women suffering from psychiatric disorders in pregnancy and the breast feeding prefer psychotherapy and other nonpharmacological treatment over psychopharmacological treatment although the risk of malformations and postnatal complications in children exposed to psychopharmacological drugs must be regarded as acceptable in moderate to severely ill patients. Data are lacking, but several psychotherapeutic and biological treatments as well as noninvasive brain stimulation procedures have been investigated to treat depressive episodes and anxiety disorders in pregnancy and the breast feeding...
September 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428480/electroconvulsive-therapy-and-all-cause-mortality-in-texas-1998-2013
#14
Nora M Dennis, Paul A Dennis, Alan Shafer, Richard D Weiner, Mustafa M Husain
INTRODUCTION: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) remains an effective treatment for major depressive disorder. Since 1995, Texas has maintained an ECT database including patient diagnoses and outcomes, and reporting any deaths within 14 days of receiving an ECT treatment, encompassing a total of 166,711 ECT treatments administered in Texas over the previously unreported period of 1998 to 2013. METHODS: Descriptive analysis summarized information on deaths reported during the 16-year period-cause of death, type of treatment (index or maintenance) and patient demographics...
July 16, 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428477/adjunctive-electroconvulsive-therapy-for-schizophrenia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-rater-masked-controlled-trials-retracted
#15
Wei Zheng, Yu-Tao Xiang, Yi-Lang Tang, Ying-Qiang Xiang, Xian-Bin Li, Xiao-Lan Cao, Tong Guo, Zheng-Rong Liu, Helen F K Chiu, Gabor S Ungvari, Jose de Leon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for the efficacy and safety of adjunctive electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) when combined with antipsychotics (APs) versus AP therapy for schizophrenia and related disorders during the acute phase. METHODS: Two evaluators independently selected studies, extracted data, and conducted quality assessment and data synthesis. Standardized and weighted mean differences (SMD/WMD), risk ratio (RR) ±95% confidence intervals (CIs), number needed to treat (NNT), and number needed to harm (NNH) were calculated...
August 3, 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424873/rocuronium-sugammadex-for-electroconvulsive-therapy-management-in-neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-a-case-report
#16
P Casas Reza, M Gestal Vázquez, Á Outeiro Rosato, S López Álvarez, P Diéguez García
Neuroleptics are a group of drugs widely used in the treatment of psychotic symptoms. Among their adverse effects is the ability to trigger a neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). The diagnosis of NMS is determined by exclusion, and its initial therapeutic management should be the withdrawal of neuroleptics, the administration of benzodiazepines, and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). ECT is an effective treatment in these patients, and in those cases with a poor response to treatment with antipsychotic drugs...
July 14, 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424799/structural-network-changes-in-patients-with-major-depression-and-schizophrenia-treated-with-electroconvulsive-therapy
#17
Robert Christian Wolf, Henrike Maria Nolte, Dusan Hirjak, Stefan Hofer, Ulrich Seidl, Malte Sebastian Depping, Bram Stieltjes, Klaus Maier-Hein, Fabio Sambataro, Philipp Arthur Thomann
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the most effective treatments in severe and treatment-resistant major depressive disorder (MDD). In schizophrenia (SZ), ECT is frequently considered in drug-resistant cases, as an augmentation of antipsychotic treatment or in cases when rapid symptom relief is indicated. Accumulating neuroimaging evidence suggests modulation of medial temporal lobe and prefrontal cortical regions in MDD by ECT. In SZ, ECT-effects on brain structure have not been systematically investigated so far...
September 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384628/-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-treated-with-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-a-public-hospital-in-peru
#18
Carla Cortez-Vergara, Lizardo Cruzado, Ira Galia Rojas-Rojas, Miguel Sánchez-Fernández, Guillermo Ladd-Huarachi
With the purpose of describe the profile of use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) on hospitalized patients at "Honorio Delgado - Hideyo Noguchi" National Institute of Mental Health in Lima, Peru, the medical records of patients receiving ECT between 2001 and 2011 were reviewed. The main findings were: four hundred and nineteen ECT courses were applied to 372 patients, with a total of 5439 applications the most common diagnosis was paranoid schizophrenia (70.7%), the most common indication was resistance to treatment (80...
March 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356089/electroconvulsive-therapy-in-a-patient-with-chronic-catatonia-clinical-outcomes-and-cerebral-18-f-fludeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-findings
#19
Giorgio Pigato, Beatrice Roiter, Diego Cecchin, Silvia Morbelli, Elena Tenconi, Alessandra Minelli, Marco Bortolomasi
Catatonia is a psychomotor syndrome that can be associated with both psychiatric diseases (mainly mood disorders, but also psychotic disorders) and medical conditions. Lorazepam (6-21 mg/day, occasionally up to 30 md/day) is the first choice treatment and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the second line, regardless of the underlying clinical condition. There are some evidences also for effectiveness of other medications. Patients treated acutely usually show rapid and full therapeutic response but even longstanding catatonia can improve...
December 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322602/efficacy-and-safety-of-combining-clozapine-with-electrical-or-magnetic-brain-stimulation-in-treatment-refractory-schizophrenia
#20
Shyam Sundar Arumugham, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Chittaranjan Andrade
INTRODUCTION: A substantial proportion (40-70%) of patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia experience persistent symptoms despite an adequate clozapine trial. Brain stimulation techniques (BST) such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have shown promise in medication-refractory schizophrenia. However, their co-administration with clozapine raises some safety concerns. AREAS COVERED: We conducted a systematic literature search through Pubmed and cross-references for relevant publications evaluating the safety and efficacy of combining BST with clozapine...
September 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
103130
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"