Read by QxMD icon Read

Abdominal Injuries

Claire E Webster, Jon Clasper, Daniel J Stinner, Joseph Eliahoo, Spyros D Masouros
Background: Throughout history, traumatic amputation of the lower extremity has been a notable feature of all conflicts involving explosive incidents. Even at the close of the recent conflicts in Afghanistan, there were deaths that were deemed "potentially survivable." The purpose of this study is to characterize lower extremity blast injury and to determine if their amputation levels and associated injury characteristics correlate with a higher risk of mortality. Methods: the UK Joint Theatre Trauma Registry (JTTR) was interrogated to identify all lower extremity traumatic amputations sustained in both Iraq and Afghanistan between January 2003 and the end of UK operations in August 2014...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Rolando Saavedra O, Fresia Solís F, Carmina Domic C
INTRODUCTION: Children scalded by the tearing of hot-water bottles presented a sudden and significa tive increase around 2000 in Chile. For this reason the Aid to Burned Children Corporation (COA-NIQUEM) publicized prevention concepts concerning the careful use of this device and raised a voice of alarm to authorities. Later, the National Normalization Institute introduced quality certification standards for hot water bottles sold in the country. OBJECTIVES: Determine the impact of preventive measures and quality certification for hot water bottles in burns caused by tearing of the device on children...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Up Huh, Chung Won Lee, Seon Hee Kim, Chan Ik Park, Sung Woon Chung, Seunghwan Song, Chang Won Kim
Blunt abdominal aortic injury (BAAI) is extremely rare. Three known treatments of BAAI exist: medical treatment, conventional surgical treatment, and endovascular treatment. Outcomes of medical and conventional surgical treatments, such as bypass graft, thrombectomy, and intimal suture, were not satisfactory. A 47-year-old man presented with multiple injuries after a high-speed vehicular accident. He was diagnosed with the traumatic aortic injury to be an intra-mural hematoma in the bifurcation of the terminal aorta...
March 15, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Vikram Khanna, Kashish Khanna, Maddur Srinivas
A day-old neonate presented with bowel obstruction and an abdominal mass. Exploratory laparotomy revealed complete tubular midgut duplication from duodeno-jejunal junction up to terminal ileum which was communicating with the ileum distally. At the proximal end, another 5×5 cm duplication cyst was identified and excised. Postoperatively, complaints were relieved. During follow-up, 99m-Tc-pertechnetate-SPECT scan showed ectopic gastric mucosa in lower abdomen and in the right hemithorax. CECT-chest showed a 3×3 cm foregut duplication cyst, but there were no respiratory symptoms...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Christopher L Camp, Andrea M Spiker, John M Zajac, Dave Pearson, Alec M Sinatro, Joshua S Dines, Anil S Ranawat, Struan H Coleman
INTRODUCTION: The relationship of hip range of motion (ROM) to shoulder, elbow, abdominal, and back injuries remains undefined. METHODS: We assessed hip ROM on players reporting to Major League Spring Training for an organization over six seasons (2010 to 2015). Hip ROM was correlated with player abdominal, back, shoulder, and elbow injury status for those seasons using multivariate binomial logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 258 player-seasons (129 pitchers and 129 position players) resulted in 20 back and 35 abdominal injuries across all players and 28 elbow and 25 shoulder injuries in pitchers...
March 14, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Jared T Feyko, Peter Zmijewski, Cara Lyle, Allison Wilson, Luke Marone
We describe a 36-year-old woman who presented to our facility after sustaining a gunshot wound to the epigastric region. The gunshot resulted in injury to the left lobe of the liver and the twelfth thoracic vertebral body as well as in a through-and-through injury to the abdominal aorta at the level of the celiac axis. The vascular injury was managed successfully by placement of a thoracic stent graft with coverage of the celiac axis. This case demonstrates the feasibility of managing this uncommon injury with endovascular techniques...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
Ivelise Regina Canito Brasil, Igor Farias de Araujo, Adriana Augusta Lopes de Araujo Lima, Ernesto Lima Araujo Melo, Ronaldo de Matos Esmeraldo
Objective: To describe the main anatomical variations of the celiac trunk and the hepatic artery at their origins. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective analysis of 100 consecutive computed tomography angiography studies of the abdomen performed during a one-year period. The findings were stratified according to classification systems devised by Sureka et al. and Michels. Results: The celiac trunk was "normal" (i.e., the hepatogastrosplenic trunk and superior mesenteric artery originating separately from the abdominal aorta) in 43 patients...
January 2018: Radiologia Brasileira
John H Harris, William H Harris, Sanjay Jain, A Y Ferguson, David A Hill, Amy M Trahan
PURPOSE: CTA is routinely ordered on level II blunt thoraco-abdominally injured patients for assessment of injury to the thoracic aorta. The vast majority of such assessments are negative. The question being asked is, Does the accurate interpretation of the three mediastinal signs permit reliable determination of which patients need CTA for aortic assessment? The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the role of three specifically selected mediastinal anatomic signs on the initial supine chest radiograph (CXR) of adult level II blunt thoraco-abdominally injured patients for the presence or absence of a mediastinal hematoma...
March 13, 2018: Emergency Radiology
Yidan Zhang, Wei Guo, Xiaodong Tang, Rongli Yang, Taiqiang Yan, Sen Dong, Shidong Wang, Nikolas Zaphiros
BACKGROUND: Although aortic balloon occlusion has been shown to reduce blood loss during sacral tumor resections, it has not been validated in larger sacral tumors involving the lower lumbar spine. If such an approach were shown to be associated with less blood loss, it might aid the tumor surgeon in resecting these difficult tumors. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is the use of aortic balloon occlusion associated with reduced blood loss in sacral tumor resections when the lower lumbar spine is also involved? (2) Does the use of the aortic balloon prolong total operating time? (3) What complications are associated with the use of a balloon? METHODS: We retrospectively studied all 56 patients diagnosed with sacral tumors involving the lower lumbar spine (L4, L5) who were treated surgically between 2004 and 2015 at our institute...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
William Bortcosh, Ashkon Shaahinfar, Sakina Sojar, Jean E Klig
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The diagnostic capability, efficiency and versatility of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) have enabled its use in paediatric emergency medicine (PEM) and paediatric critical care (PICU). This review highlights the current applications of POCUS for the critically ill child across PEM and PICU to identify areas of progress and standardized practice and to elucidate areas for future research. RECENT FINDINGS: POCUS technology continues to evolve and advance bedside clinical care for critically ill children, with ongoing research extending its use for an array of clinical scenarios, including respiratory distress, trauma and dehydration...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Jeremy R Wortman, Jennifer W Uyeda, Urvi P Fulwadhva, Aaron D Sodickson
Computed tomography (CT) is key to the assessment of hemodynamically stable patients with blunt or penetrating trauma to the abdomen and pelvis. Dual-energy (DE) CT is a technology that allows acquisition of data at both high and low kilovolt peaks, allowing materials that have different x-ray absorption behaviors as a function of kilovolt peak (such as iodine) to be differentiated and quantified. DE CT has a variety of postprocessing applications that may be helpful in abdominal and pelvic trauma, including iodine-selective imaging, virtual monenergetic imaging, and virtual noncalcium imaging...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Wesley Baas, Blake O'Connor, Ahmed El-Zawahry
A 57-year-old African American male presented with vague abdominal pain and bilateral flank pain. The patient was found to have bilateral hydronephrosis and significant renal function impairment secondary to pelvic lipomatosis. Pelvic lipomatosis represents a clinically-diagnosed unique cause of ureteral obstruction and subsequent renal impairment. We present a case report of newly diagnosed pelvic lipomatosis, the clinical and imaging characteristics for diagnosis, and its conservative management with serial ureteral stent exchanges...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Urology
Yangyang R Yu, Annalyn S DeMello, Christopher S Greeley, Charles S Cox, Bindi J Naik-Mathuria, David E Wesson
PURPOSE: This study examines non-accidental trauma (NAT) fatalities as a percentage of all injury fatalities and identifies injury patterns in NAT admissions to two level 1 pediatric trauma centers. METHODS: We reviewed all children (<5years old) treated for NAT from 2011 to 2015. Patient demographics, injury sites, and survival were obtained from both institutional trauma registries. RESULTS: Of 4623 trauma admissions, 557 (12%) were due to NAT...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
James M Bardes, Kenji Inaba, Morgan Schellenberg, Daniel Grabo, Aaron Strumwasser, Kazuhide Matsushima, Damon Clark, Niquelle Brown, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: The distribution of trauma deaths was classically described as trimodal. With advances in both technology and trauma systems, this was re-evaluated and found to be bimodal in the early 2000s. Over the last decade there have been continued improvements in trauma and ICU care, related to damage control techniques and evidence based ICU pathways. A better understanding of the distribution of trauma deaths may be used to improve trauma systems. This study aimed to evaluate the contemporary distribution of trauma deaths after the widespread implementation of modern trauma and critical care principles...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Galinos Barmparas, Deven C Patel, Nikhil T Linaval, Navpreet K Dhillon, Kavita A Patel, Daniel R Margulies, Eric J Ley
BACKGROUND: The presence of an abdominal seatbelt sign (ASBS) following a motor vehicle collision (MVC) is associated with a high risk for occult intraabdominal injury, prompting imaging studies and a prolonged period of clinical observation. The aim of this study was to determine how a negative computerized tomography (CT) of the abdomen/pelvis (A/P) can serve in the safe disposition of these patients. Our hypothesis was that in the setting of a negative CT, the presence of occult intra-abdominal injuries requiring a delayed intervention is extremely unlikely...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Wanan Xiao, Xiaoxiao Yang, Yang Wang, Jianjun Li
BACKGROUND: Abdominal injuries combined with bone fractures are increasing. Splenectomies are often required, but have prolonged healing time for bone fracture. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore the molecular mechanism for splenectomy delaying fracture healing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-four patients (42 received splenectomy) who received hip fractures operations were recruited in our hospital. One-year follow-up analysis was performed...
February 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Calista M Harbaugh, Peng Zhang, Brianna Henderson, Brian A Derstine, Sven A Holcombe, Stewart C Wang, Carla Kohoyda-Inglis, Peter F Ehrlich
BACKGROUND: The "Cushion Effect," the phenomenon in which obesity protects against abdominal injury in adults in motor vehicle accidents, has not been evaluated among pediatric patients. This work evaluates the association between subcutaneous fat cross-sectional area, quantified using analytic morphomic techniques and abdominal injury. METHODS: This retrospective study includes 119 patients aged 1 to 18years involved in frontal impact motor vehicle accidents (2003-2015) with computed tomography scans...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Stephen A Harrison, Mary E Rinella, Manal F Abdelmalek, James F Trotter, Angelo H Paredes, Hays L Arnold, Marcelo Kugelmas, Mustafa R Bashir, Mark J Jaros, Lei Ling, Stephen J Rossi, Alex M DePaoli, Rohit Loomba
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis is a chronic liver disease characterised by the presence of hepatic steatosis, inflammation, and hepatocellular injury, for which no Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved treatment exists. FGF19 is a hormone that regulates bile acid synthesis and glucose homoeostasis. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of NGM282, an engineered FGF19 analogue, for the treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 study, we recruited patients aged 18-75 years with biopsy-confirmed non-alcoholic steatohepatitis as defined by the non-alcoholic steatohepatitis clinical research network histological scoring system, from hospitals and gastroenterology and liver clinics in Australia and the USA...
March 5, 2018: Lancet
Yexiang Sun, Chunyu Yuan, Xulin Chen, Fei Wang, Congsong Sun, Zhi Gao, Sheng Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of different concentrations of hypertonic saline solution (HS) on intestine injury in rats at the early stage of severe burn. METHODS: 104 adult healthy female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham group (n = 8), lactated Ringer solution (LR) group (n = 24) and 200, 300, 400 mmol/L HS group (HS200 group, HS300 group, HS400 group, all n = 24). All the rats in LR group and different concentrations of HS groups were scalded for 30% total body surface area (TBSA) with III degree, after immediately, the rats were given burn resuscitation therapy by LR or corresponding concentrations of HS through the tail vein...
March 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Yanping Zhao, Bin Xie, Qiang Liu, Rongguang Luo, Yanna Wan, Karolina Malik, Efrem Civilini
Superior mesenteric arteriovenous fistulae (SMAVF) are extremely rare with no consensus about therapeutic indications and optimal approach. Here we present a case of a symptomatic SMAVF found in a young patient a few years after a penetrating abdominal injury. Following a complex clinical management of the acute status, we successfully managed the fistula with three covered stents in two consecutive endovascular procedures. Technical details of the performed procedures, including the main pitfalls and chosen solutions, have been explored and discussed...
March 5, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"