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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821768/real-time-monitoring-of-water-level-and-temperature-in-storage-fuel-pools-through-optical-fibre-sensors
#1
S Rizzolo, J Périsse, A Boukenter, Y Ouerdane, E Marin, J-R Macé, M Cannas, S Girard
We present an innovative architecture of a Rayleigh-based optical fibre sensor for the monitoring of water level and temperature inside storage nuclear fuel pools. This sensor, able to withstand the harsh constraints encountered under accidental conditions such as those pointed-out during the Fukushima-Daiichi event (temperature up to 100 °C and radiation dose level up to ~20 kGy), exploits the Optical Frequency Domain Reflectometry technique to remotely monitor a radiation resistant silica-based optical fibre i...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821459/clinical-multi-omics-strategies-for-the-effective-cancer-management
#2
REVIEW
Byong Chul Yoo, Kyung-Hee Kim, Sang Myung Woo, Jae Kyung Myung
Cancer is a global health issue as a multi-factorial complex disease, and early detection and novel therapeutic strategies are required for more effective cancer management. With the development of systemic analytical -omics strategies, the therapeutic approach and study of the molecular mechanisms of carcinogenesis and cancer progression have moved from hypothesis-driven targeted investigations to data-driven untargeted investigations focusing on the integrated diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cancer in individual patients...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821153/combination-of-microsized-mineral-particles-and-rosin-as-a-basis-for-converting-cellulosic-fibers-into-sticky-superhydrophobic-paper
#3
Xiaoyan Yu, Peiwen Bian, Yang Xue, Xueren Qian, Haipeng Yu, Wenshuai Chen, Xiaohai Hu, Peng Wang, Dong Wu, Qinghui Duan, Limei Li, Jing Shen, Yonghao Ni
The unique features of cellulosic paper including flexibility, biodegradability, and low cost enables it as a versatile, sustainable biomaterial for promising applications. In the paper industry, microsized mineral particles are widely used in the production of printing/writing paper grades, while rosin derived from trees is the earliest internal sizing agent for paper hydrophobication. On the basis of existing commercial practices associated with the use of mineral particles and rosin in paper production, we present a process concept of converting cellulosic fibers (paper-grade pulp) into "sticky" superhydrophobic paper involving the use of microsized mineral particles and rosin (a tree-derived natural product, mainly a mixture of resin acids, especially abietic acid with chemical formula of C19H29COOH)...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821012/multidomain-analyses-of-a-longitudinal-human-microbiome-intestinal-cleanout-perturbation-experiment
#4
Julia Fukuyama, Laurie Rumker, Kris Sankaran, Pratheepa Jeganathan, Les Dethlefsen, David A Relman, Susan P Holmes
Our work focuses on the stability, resilience, and response to perturbation of the bacterial communities in the human gut. Informative flash flood-like disturbances that eliminate most gastrointestinal biomass can be induced using a clinically-relevant iso-osmotic agent. We designed and executed such a disturbance in human volunteers using a dense longitudinal sampling scheme extending before and after induced diarrhea. This experiment has enabled a careful multidomain analysis of a controlled perturbation of the human gut microbiota with a new level of resolution...
August 18, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820951/lactation-consultants-perceived-barriers-to-providing-professional-breastfeeding-support
#5
Erica H Anstey, Martha Coulter, Cecilia M Jevitt, Kay M Perrin, Sharon Dabrow, Lynne B Klasko-Foster, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Addressing suboptimal breastfeeding initiation and duration rates is a priority in the United States. To address challenges to improving these rates, the voices of the providers who work with breastfeeding mothers should be heard. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to explore lactation consultants' perceived barriers to managing early breastfeeding problems. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted with a grounded theory methodological approach...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820533/actinomycetes-still-a-source-of-novel-antibiotics
#6
REVIEW
Olga Genilloud
Covering: 2006 to 2017Actinomycetes have been, for decades, one of the most important sources for the discovery of new antibiotics with an important number of drugs and analogs successfully introduced in the market and still used today in clinical practice. The intensive antibacterial discovery effort that generated the large number of highly potent broad-spectrum antibiotics, has seen a dramatic decline in the large pharma industry in the last two decades resulting in a lack of new classes of antibiotics with novel mechanisms of action reaching the clinic...
August 18, 2017: Natural Product Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820519/how-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-can-strengthen-findings-and-improve-translation-of-research-into-practice-a-case-study
#7
Nadja Klafke, Cornelia Mahler, Cornelia von Hagens, Michel Wensing, Andreas Schneeweiss, Andreas Müller, Joachim Szecsenyi, Stefanie Joos
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To answer how the planned intervention was performed in routine care, which factors supported or distracted from its implementation, and how key organizational structures have been built and sustained.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Mixed-methods process evaluation.
. SETTING: Two German outpatient cancer clinics.
. PARTICIPANTS: Purposive sampling of 297 recruited patients with gynecologic cancer, their treating oncology nurses, and their interprofessional healthcare team, and the clinical stakeholders of two different outpatient cancer clinics...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820508/complementary-medicine-and-the-role-of-oncology-nurses-in-an-acute-care-hospital-the-gap-between-attitudes-and-practice
#8
Hanna Admi, Yael Eilon-Moshe, Eran Ben-Arye
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe hospital nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding complementary medicine (CM); to compare the knowledge and attitudes of nurse managers to staff nurses with diverse oncology experience; and to assess attitudes toward integrating CM into the role of the hospital oncology nurse. 
. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: Rambam Health Care Campus in northern Israel.
. SAMPLE: A convenience sample of 434 hospital nurses with varied oncology experience...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819982/hiv-testing-in-the-dental-setting-perspectives-and-practices-of-experienced-dental-professionals
#9
Carrigan L Parish, Karolynn Siegel, Terri Liguori, Stephen N Abel, Harold A Pollack, Margaret R Pereyra, Lisa R Metsch
The dental setting is a largely untapped venue to identify patients with undiagnosed HIV infection. Yet, uptake of rapid HIV testing within the dental community remains low. This study sought to better understand the experiences of dental professionals who have administered the test and how these experiences might inform efforts to promote greater uptake of rapid HIV testing in dental settings. Qualitative interviews were conducted with United States dentists (N = 37) and hygienists (N = 5) who offered rapid HIV testing in their practices...
August 18, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818853/interobserver-agreement-and-image-quality-of-functional-cardiac-ultrasound-measures-used-in-a-randomised-trial-of-delayed-cord-clamping-in-preterm-infants
#10
Himanshu Popat, Kristy P Robledo, Lucille Sebastian, Nicholas Evans, Andrew Gill, Martin Kluckow, Sanjay Sinhal, Koert de Waal, William Tarnow-Mordi, David Osborn
OBJECTIVE: Functional cardiac ultrasound measures are used clinically and in trials for assessing the haemodynamic status of newborn infants. Superior vena cava (SVC) flow and right ventricular output (RVO) are established measures of systemic blood flow on the first postnatal day. The objective was to assess image quality and interobserver agreement of these measures in preterm infants enrolled in a randomised trial of immediate versus delayed cord clamping. DESIGN AND SETTING: Image quality and interobserver agreement for SVC flow, RVO and ductus arteriosus (DA) size were assessed on measurements taken at 3-6, 6-12 and 20-28 hours for the first 10 infants enrolled at each of four sites (total 40)...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818833/using-whiteboards-to-support-college-students-learning-of-complex-physiological-concepts
#11
Caron Y Inouye, Christine L Bae, Kathryn N Hayes
Research underscores the importance of retrieval-based practice and application of knowledge for meaningful learning. However, the didactic lecture format continues to persist in traditional university physiology courses. A strategy called whiteboarding, where students use handheld dry erase boards and work in small groups to actively retrieve, discuss, and apply concepts presented in the lecture, has the potential to address challenges associated with actively engaging students in science courses for greater learning...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818559/-to-boldly-go-where-no-one-has-gone-before
#12
Keith W Kelley
Americans are suffering from a culture of taking pills. Six out of ten Americans utilize at least one prescription drug, and more than one in ten use five or more prescription medicines. Although this torrent of taking pills is already high, drug use in the USA has not yet crested. Prescription drugs have specific targets, but often they adversely affect other tissues and organs. In keeping with the mission of the recently named National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), Brain, Behavior, and Immunity searches for the underlying cause and potential efficacy of both drug and non-drug interventions...
August 14, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818341/harnessing-the-power-of-genomics-to-secure-the-future-of-seafood
#13
REVIEW
Louis Bernatchez, Maren Wellenreuther, Cristián Araneda, David T Ashton, Julia M I Barth, Terry D Beacham, Gregory E Maes, Jann T Martinsohn, Kristina M Miller, Kerry A Naish, Jennifer R Ovenden, Craig R Primmer, Young Suk Ho, Nina O Therkildsen, Ruth E Withler
Best use of scientific knowledge is required to maintain the fundamental role of seafood in human nutrition. While it is acknowledged that genomic-based methods allow the collection of powerful data, their value to inform fisheries management, aquaculture, and biosecurity applications remains underestimated. We review genomic applications of relevance to the sustainable management of seafood resources, illustrate the benefits of, and identify barriers to their integration. We conclude that the value of genomic information towards securing the future of seafood does not need to be further demonstrated...
August 14, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817978/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-as-an-adjunct-for-pain-management-in-perioperative-settings-a-critical-review
#14
Mark I Johnson
Surgical procedures are ever more complex. Day-case surgical loads are increasing and the length of hospital stays are reducing. Management of pain in perioperative settings remains a challenge. Expert panels recommend a multimodal approach which is often interpreted by medical practitioners as polypharmacy. There is variability in non-pharmacological interventions offered to patients, although transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has been used since the 1970s. Recommendations from expert panels are inconsistent about the use of TENS in perioperative pain settings...
August 18, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817859/collaboration-in-primary-care-through-the-integration-of-behavioral-health-professionals
#15
Jeremy J Vogt, H Bruce Vogt
Rising costs, poorer outcomes, and dissatisfied patients have challenged medical systems to rethink their approach to health care delivery. Although up to 70 percent of primary care visits stem from psychosocial issues, behavioral health services have traditionally occurred in separate buildings and systems. In order to decrease barriers and meet patients' and providers' needs, primary care practices have begun integrating behavioral health professionals into their clinics. Various levels of integration exist, but the best models fully integrate behavioral health clinicians into primary care teams, allowing for seamless collaboration...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817649/point-of-care-wound-visioning-technology-reproducibility-and-accuracy-of-a-wound-measurement-app
#16
Sheila C Wang, John A E Anderson, Robyn Evans, Kevin Woo, Benjamin Beland, Denis Sasseville, Linda Moreau
BACKGROUND: Current wound assessment practices are lacking on several measures. For example, the most common method for measuring wound size is using a ruler, which has been demonstrated to be crude and inaccurate. An increase in periwound temperature is a classic sign of infection but skin temperature is not always measured during wound assessments. To address this, we have developed a smartphone application that enables non-contact wound surface area and temperature measurements. Here we evaluate the inter-rater reliability and accuracy of this novel point-of-care wound assessment tool...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817516/after-the-gap-analysis-education-and-practice-changes-to-prepare-nurses-of-the-future
#17
Audrey Marie Beauvais, Meredith Wallace Kazer, Barbara Aronson, Suzanne E Conlon, Pamela Forte, Kathleen S Fries, Judith M Hahn, Russell Hullstrung, Meg Levvis, Paula McCauley, Patricia Padula Morgan, Linda Perfetto, Lisa M Rebeschi, Sheila B Solernou, Patricia Span, Lisa J Sundean
AIM: The purpose of the study was to describe the Connecticut Nursing Collaborative-Action Coalition's work in identifying and addressing gaps between nursing education and practice based on the Institute of Medicine's Future of Nursing report. BACKGROUND: Massachusetts Nurse of the Future (NOF) Competencies highlight the knowledge, skills, and attitudes/behaviors required for professional nurses. Integrating these concepts into the educational system will prepare the nursing workforce to respond to current/future health care needs and population health issues...
September 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817514/continuing-the-creativity-and-connections-the-massachusetts-initiative-to-update-the-nurse-of-the-future-nursing-core-competencies
#18
Maureen Sroczynski, Genevieve Conlin, Eileen Costello, Patricia Crombie, Diane Hanley, Marie Tobin, Diane Welsh
AIM: This article describes the collaborative effort of nursing education and practice to update the Massachusetts Nurse of the Future Nursing Core Competencies. BACKGROUND: The Nurse of the Future Nursing Core Competencies were published in 2010. With the establishment of the Massachusetts Action Coalition, a primary goal was to continue to promote the integration of these competencies into all education and practice settings throughout Massachusetts and share this process with other states...
September 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817433/class-wide-access-to-a-commercial-step-1-question-bank-during-preclinical-organ-based-modules-a-pilot-project
#19
James H Baños, Mark E Pepin, Nicholas Van Wagoner
PURPOSE: The authors examined the usefulness of a commercially available Step 1 question bank as a formative academic support tool throughout organ-based modules in an integrated preclinical medical curriculum. The authors also determined the extent to which correlation between question bank utilization and academic metrics varied with Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores. METHOD: In 2015, a cohort of 185 first-year medical students at University of Alabama School of Medicine were provided with 18-month full access to a commercially available Step 1 question bank of over 2,100 items throughout organ-based modules, although there were no requirements for use...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817337/oral-health-integration-into-a-pediatric-practice-and-coordination-of-referrals-to-a-colocated-dental-home-at-a-federally-qualified-health-center
#20
Nandini Sengupta, Sonal Nanavati, Maria Cericola, Lisa Simon
We have integrated preventive oral health measures into preventive care visits for children at a federally qualified health center in Boston, Massachusetts. The program, started in 2015, covers 3400 children and has increased universal caries risk screening in primary care to 85%, fluoride varnish application rates to 80%, and referrals to a dental home to 35%. We accomplished this by minimizing pressures on providers' workflow, empowering medical assistants to lead the initiative, and utilizing data-driven improvement strategies, alongside colocated coordinated care...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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