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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239355/modification-of-flight-and-locomotion-performances-respiratory-metabolism-and-transcriptome-expression-in-the-lady-beetle-harmonia-axyridis-through-sublethal-pesticide-exposure
#1
Da Xiao, Xiaoling Tan, Wenjuan Wang, Fan Zhang, Nicolas Desneux, Su Wang
Biological control is usually used in combination with chemical control for practical agricultural applications. Thus, the influence of insecticides on the natural predators used for biological control should be investigated for integrated pest management. The ladybird Harmonia axyridis is an effective predator on aphids and coccids. Beta-cypermethrin is a broad-spectrum insecticide used worldwide for controlling insect pests. H. axyridis is becoming increasingly threatened by this insecticide. Here, we investigated the effect of a sublethal dose of beta-cypermethrin on flight, locomotion, respiration, and detoxification system of H...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239234/harnessing-demographic-differences-in-organizations-what-moderates-the-effects-of-workplace-diversity
#2
Yves R F Guillaume, Jeremy F Dawson, Lilian Otaye-Ebede, Stephen A Woods, Michael A West
To account for the double-edged nature of demographic workplace diversity (i.e,. relational demography, work group diversity, and organizational diversity) effects on social integration, performance, and well-being-related variables, research has moved away from simple main effect approaches and started examining variables that moderate these effects. While there is no shortage of primary studies of the conditions under which diversity leads to positive or negative outcomes, it remains unclear which contingency factors make it work...
February 2017: Journal of Organizational Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238603/training-radiology-residents-to-be-stewards-in-healthcare-value
#3
REVIEW
Matthew D Alvin, Karen M Horton, Pamela T Johnson
Medical imaging procedures have become a national target in the campaign to reduce wasteful practices. At a minimum, radiology residency programs must integrate high-value curricula and train residents to practice in accordance with value-based principles and new healthcare policy. A greater portion of radiology resident education needs to be devoted to appropriateness education and consultancy training. Ideally, radiology training programs will instill in residents the importance of embracing the movement and leading the change...
February 23, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238575/impacts-of-climate-and-land-use-changes-on-the-water-quality-of-a-small-mediterranean-catchment-with-intensive-viticulture
#4
D Serpa, J P Nunes, J J Keizer, N Abrantes
Studies that address the potential effects of climate and land use changes on surface water quality are scarce in the Mediterranean region. In the present work, the impacts of climate and land use changes on nutrient and copper exports from a humid Mediterranean catchment (São Lourenço) were evaluated using the SWAT model. SWAT reproduced reasonably well total nitrogen (TN), phosphorus (TP) and copper (Cu) exports in São Lourenço, providing an adequate baseline scenario as well as a suitable model parameterization for assessing the impacts of climate and land use changes under the A1B and B1 emission scenarios for the end of the 21st century (2071-2100)...
February 23, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237960/feasibility-and-effect-of-home-based-therapy-programmes-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#5
L W M E Beckers, M L A P Schnackers, Y J Janssen-Potten, J Kleijnen, B Steenbergen
INTRODUCTION: Given the promising advantages of upper extremity home-based programmes in children with cerebral palsy (CP), a systematic review of the available literature on this topic is warranted. The purpose of the systematic review described in this protocol is to investigate currently available home-based occupational therapy and physiotherapy programmes regarding both their feasibility and effect. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This protocol describes a systematic review, developed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237788/changing-current-practice-in-urology-improving-guideline-development-and-implementation-through-stakeholder-engagement
#6
EDITORIAL
Sara J MacLennan, Steven MacLennan, Axel Bex, James W F Catto, Maria De Santis, Adam W Glaser, Borje Ljungberg, James N'Dow, Karin Plass, Marta Trapero-Bertran, Hendrik Van Poppel, Penny Wright, Rachel H Giles
Effective stakeholder integration for guideline development should improve outcomes and adherence to clinical practice guidelines.
February 22, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237429/prostate-mri-for-brachytherapists-anatomy-and-technique
#7
A M Venkatesan, R J Stafford, C Duran, P D Soni, A Berlin, P W McLaughlin
PURPOSE: To present an overview of mp MRI techniques necessary for high-resolution imaging of prostate. METHODS: We summarize examples from our clinical experience and concepts from the current literature that illustrate normal prostate anatomy on multiparametric MRI (mp MRI). RESULTS: Our experience regarding optimal mp MRI image acquisition is provided, as well as a summary of prostate and periprostatic anatomy and anatomical variants that pose challenges for BT...
February 23, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237004/nuclear-medicine-in-pediatric-cardiology
#8
REVIEW
Ornella Milanesi, Giovanni Stellin, Pietro Zucchetta
Accurate cardiovascular imaging is essential for the successful management of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Echocardiography and angiography have been for long time the most important imaging modalities in pediatric cardiology, but nuclear medicine has contributed in many situations to the comprehension of physiological consequences of CHD, quantifying pulmonary blood flow symmetry or right-to-left shunting. In recent times, remarkable improvements in imaging equipments, particularly in multidetector computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, have led to the progressive integration of high resolution modalities in the clinical workup of children affected by CHD, reducing the role of diagnostic angiography...
March 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236388/mechanical-ventilation-education-and-transition-of-critical-care-nurses-into-practice
#9
REVIEW
Sandra Goldsworthy
A foundational skill for critical care nurses caring for mechanically ventilated patients. This paper describes challenges and opportunities in preparing nurses to transition into the intensive care environment. Hospitals invest significant funding in educational programs for new critical care nurses so that they can transition effectively into the critical care environment. Simulation has been shown to impact self-efficacy and performance. This paper describes the integration of mechanical ventilation education into a case-based simulation program and the results of a study measuring self-efficacy and transfer of learning before and after the implementation of a simulation intervention...
December 2016: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236061/the-routine-clinical-use-of-pharmacogenetic-tests-what-it-will-require
#10
REVIEW
Mafalda M Dias, Michael J Sorich, Andrew Rowland, Michael D Wiese, Ross A McKinnon
Pharmacogenetic testing aims to personalize drug therapy with a view to optimising drug efficacy and minimise toxicity. However, despite the potential benefits, pharmacogenetic testing is mostly confined to specialised medical areas, laboratories and centres. Widespread integration into routine clinical practice has been limited by a complex set of issues including regulatory and reimbursement frameworks, evidence of clinical utility and clinician perspectives, practices and education. Here we assess the current barriers to widespread clinical uptake and identify the key issue necessary to address to accelerate routine testing...
February 24, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236015/impact-of-continuous-training-through-distributed-practice-for-acquisition-of-minimally-invasive-surgical-skills
#11
Bruce Negrello Nakata, Worens Cavalini, Eduardo A Bonin, Paolo R Salvalaggio, Marcelo P Loureiro
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) requires the mastery of manual skills and a specific training is required. Apart from residencies and fellowships in MIS, other learning opportunities utilize massive training, mainly with use of simulators in short courses. A long-term postgraduate course represents an opportunity to learn through training using distributed practice. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the use of distributed practice for acquisition of basic minimally invasive skills in surgeons who participated in a long-term MIS postgraduate course...
February 24, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235778/clinical-evoked-potentials-in-neurology-a-review-of-techniques-and-indications
#12
REVIEW
Agustina M Lascano, Patrice H Lalive, Martin Hardmeier, Peter Fuhr, Margitta Seeck
Evoked potentials (EPs) are a powerful and cost-effective tool for evaluating the integrity and function of the central nervous system. Although imaging techniques, such as MRI, have recently become increasingly important in the diagnosis of neurological diseases, over the past 30 years, many neurologists have continued to employ EPs in specific clinical applications. This review presents an overview of the recent evolution of 'classical' clinical applications of EPs in terms of early diagnosis and disease monitoring and is an extension of a previous review published in this journal in 2005 by Walsh and collaborators...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231623/compassion-fatigue-in-nurses-a-metasynthesis
#13
Anna G W Nolte, Charlene Downing, Annie Temane, Marie Hastings-Tolsma
AIM: The purpose of this research was to interpret the body of qualitative work focusing on compassion fatigue to distill a common understanding that could then be applied to nursing care. BACKGROUND: Complex demands place extraordinary stress on nurses struggling to work in overburdened healthcare systems. The result can be the inability to care well for others, leading to compassion fatigue, burnout, and increased numbers leaving the profession. Meta-synthesis offers a means of more fully illuminating compassion fatigue and further understanding of practices which might reduce its negative consequences...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231021/high-complication-rate-after-introduction-of-transbronchial-cryobiopsy-into-clinical-practice-at-an-academic-medical-center
#14
David M DiBardino, Andrew R Haas, Anthony R Lanfranco, Leslie A Litzky, Daniel Sterman, Jamie L Bessich
RATIONALE: Transbronchial cryobiopsy is an emerging technique for obtaining biopsies of lung parenchyma. Despite limited evidence of safety and efficacy in direct comparison to other available biopsy procedures, pulmonologists are integrating this technique into clinical practice with the hope of avoiding the risks of surgical lung biopsy. OBJECTIVES: To report the rate of severe complications and diagnostic outcomes immediately after introduction of transbronchial cryobiopsy into the clinical practice of a single-center, high-volume, interventional pulmonary group at a large academic medical center in the United States...
February 23, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230745/toward-improving-electrocardiogram-ecg-biometric-verification-using-mobile-sensors-a-two-stage-classifier-approach
#15
Robin Tan, Marek Perkowski
Electrocardiogram (ECG) signals sensed from mobile devices pertain the potential for biometric identity recognition applicable in remote access control systems where enhanced data security is demanding. In this study, we propose a new algorithm that consists of a two-stage classifier combining random forest and wavelet distance measure through a probabilistic threshold schema, to improve the effectiveness and robustness of a biometric recognition system using ECG data acquired from a biosensor integrated into mobile devices...
February 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230629/point-of-injury-tourniquet-application-during-operation-protective-edge-what-de-we-learn
#16
Amir Shlaifer, Avraham Yitzhak, Erez N Baruch, Avi Shina, Alexandra Satanovsky, Amiram Shovali, Ofer Almog, Elon Glassberg
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is a leading cause of preventable death on the battlefield. Timely tourniquet application to massively bleeding extremity wounds is critical for casualty survival albeit with reported adverse effects to extremity integrity. The aim of this study was to describe the immediate and short term outcomes of point of injury (POI) tourniquet applications during 'Operation Protective Edge' (OPE). METHODS: A case series study regarding tourniquet application at the POI during OPE was collected...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229306/behavioral-and-social-sciences-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-adoption-of-research-findings-in-health-research-and-practice-as-a-scientific-priority
#17
William T Riley
The National Institutes of Health's Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) recently released its Strategic Plan for 2017 to 2021. This plan highlights three scientific priorities: (1) improve the synergy of basic and applied behavioral and social sciences research, (2) enhance and promote the research infrastructure, methods, and measures needed to support a more cumulative and integrated approach to behavioral and social sciences research, and (3) facilitate the adoption of behavioral and social sciences research findings in health research and in practice...
February 22, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229247/achieving-population-level-change-through-a-system-contextual-approach-to-supporting-competent-parenting
#18
REVIEW
Matthew R Sanders, Kylie Burke, Ronald J Prinz, Alina Morawska
The quality of parenting children receive affects a diverse range of child and youth outcomes. Addressing the quality of parenting on a broad scale is a critical part of producing a more nurturing society. To achieve a meaningful population-level reduction in the prevalence rates of child maltreatment and social and emotional problems that are directly or indirectly influenced by parenting practices requires the adoption of a broad ecological perspective in supporting families to raise children. We make the case for adopting a multilevel, whole of population approach to enhance competent parenting and describe the essential tasks that must be accomplished for the approach to be successful and its effects measurable...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228720/motor-learning-abilities-are-similar-in-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy-compared-to-controls-as-assessed-by-adaptation-to-unilateral-leg-weighting-during-gait-part-i
#19
Diane L Damiano, Christopher J Stanley, Thomas C Bulea, Hyung Soon Park
Introduction: Individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) demonstrate high response variability to motor training insufficiently accounted for by age or severity. We propose here that differences in the inherent ability to learn new motor tasks may explain some of this variability. Damage to motor pathways involving the cerebellum, which may be a direct or indirect effect of the brain injury for many with CP, has been shown to adversely affect the ability to learn new motor tasks and may be a potential explanation...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228151/unravelling-effectiveness-of-a-nurse-led-behaviour-change-intervention-to-enhance-physical-activity-in-patients-at-risk-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-primary-care-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Heleen Westland, Irene D Bos-Touwen, Jaap C A Trappenburg, Carin D Schröder, Niek J de Wit, Marieke J Schuurmans
BACKGROUND: Self-management interventions are considered effective in patients with chronic disease, but trials have shown inconsistent results, and it is unknown which patients benefit most. Adequate self-management requires behaviour change in both patients and health care providers. Therefore, the Activate intervention was developed with a focus on behaviour change in both patients and nurses. The intervention aims for change in a single self-management behaviour, namely physical activity, in primary care patients at risk for cardiovascular disease...
February 22, 2017: Trials
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