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Integrative practices

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679164/the-effect-of-a-school-based-intervention-on-physical-activity-and-well-being-a-non-randomised-controlled-trial-with-children-of-low-socio-economic-status
#1
Stephen Shannon, Deirdre Brennan, Donncha Hanna, Zoe Younger, Jessica Hassan, Gavin Breslin
BACKGROUND: Self-determination theory (SDT) has been used to predict children's physical activity and well-being. However, few school-based SDT intervention studies have been conducted, and no research exists with children of low socio-economic status (SES). Therefore, SDT-derived needs-supportive teaching techniques informed the design and analyses of the Healthy Choices Programme (HCP). The aim was to determine if the HCP could enhance moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and well-being among children of low SES through increasing autonomy-support, needs satisfaction and intrinsic motivation...
April 20, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679132/-self-reported-vision-in-gerontological-health-services-research-and-practice-an-opening-plea
#2
REVIEW
J Köberlein-Neu, A Seifert, I Himmelsbach
The use of self-reported vision is an integral part of most population surveys and is primarily used for healthcare monitoring. Since the patient's assessment is not always consistent with the objectively measured clinical parameters, the majority of the literature looks critically at the adequacy of self-reported vision, particularly with respect to answering epidemiological questions; however, it is often misunderstood that self-reported vision measures far more than the directly derived information show...
April 20, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679116/arthroscopic-treatment-for-intratendinous-rotator-cuff-tear-results-in-satisfactory-clinical-outcomes-and-structural-integrity
#3
Sang Jin Cheon, Hyo Yeol Lee, Woong Ki Jeon
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes and structural integrity of arthroscopic repair of intratendinous rotator cuff tear. METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with an intratendinous tear but in whom conservative treatment failed were selected and underwent arthroscopic repair. Between 2008 and 2014, a total of 30 patients (6 men, 24 women; mean age, 59 ± 3.7 years) met the inclusion criteria and were followed up. The mean follow-up period was 26...
April 20, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678600/when-a-new-technological-product-launching-fails-a-multi-method-approach-of-facial-recognition-and-e-wom-sentiment-analysis
#4
Dra Asunción Hernández-Fernández, Elísabet Mora, Dña María Isabel Vizcaíno Hernández
The dual aim of this research is, firstly, to analyze the physiological and unconscious emotional response of consumers to a new technological product and, secondly, link this emotional response to consumer conscious verbal reports of positive and negative product perceptions. In order to do this, biometrics and self-reported measures of emotional response are combined. On the one hand, a neuromarketing experiment based on the facial recognition of emotions of 10 subjects, when physical attributes and economic information of a technological product are exposed, shows the prevalence of the ambivalent emotion of surprise...
April 17, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678220/analysis-of-the-vidas-%C3%A2-staph-enterotoxin-iii-set3-for-detection-of-staphylococcal-enterotoxins-g-h-and-i-in-foods
#5
Jennifer M Hait, Angela T Nguyen, Sandra M Tallent
Background : Staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP) frequently causes illnesses worldwide. SFP occurs from the ingestion of staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) preformed in foods by enterotoxigenic strains of Staphylococcus species, primarily S. aureus . SEG, SEH, and SEI induce emesis and have been implicated in outbreaks. Immunological-based methods are deemed the most practical methods for the routine analysis of SEs in foods given their ease of use, sensitivity, specificity, and commercial availability. These kits are routinely used to test for SEA-SEE...
April 20, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678076/learning-healthcare-systems-scaling-up-integrated-care-programs
#6
Violeta Gaveikaite, Dimitris Filos, Helen Schonenberg, Remco van der Heijden, Nicos Maglaveras, Ioanna Chouvarda
Current healthcare systems are struggling with rising costs and unbalanced quality of care. Integrated care (IC) is a worldwide trend in healthcare reforms designed to tackle these problems. ACT@Scale is a partnership of leading European regions, industry and academia which aims to identify, transfer and scale-up existing integrated healthcare practices. In this context, participating programs are applying iterative process improvement cycles using collaborative methodologies. The vision of learning health systems (LHS) is similar to IC, but it focuses on IT means as a change enabler for rapid and continuous knowledge integration into better outcomes...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678058/building-a-knowledge-based-tool-for-auto-assessing-the-cardiovascular-risk
#7
Adrien Ugon, Amel Imene Hadj Bouzid, Marie-Christine Jaulent, Madeleine Favre, Catherine Duclos, Emmanuel Jobez, Hector Falcoff, Jean-Baptiste Lamy, Rosy Tsopra
The prevention of cardiovascular diseases needs first to quantify the cardiovascular risk. To estimate this risk, French national health authorities provided clinical practice guidelines extending the existing European SCORE, which doesn't include all the cardiovascular risk factors (e.g. diabetes). Hence, French national clinical practice guidelines to quantify the cardiovascular risk is able to deal with more clinical situations than the SCORE. The goal of this paper is to formalize knowledge extracted from these guidelines and implement the rules so that they can be used into an auto-assessing tool of cardiovascular risk...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677951/modelling-feedback-in-virtual-patients-an-iterative-approach
#8
Natalia Stathakarou, Andrzej A Kononowicz, Lars Henningsohn, Cormac McGrath
Virtual Patients (VPs) offer learners the opportunity to practice clinical reasoning skills and have recently been integrated in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). Feedback is a central part of a branched VP, allowing the learner to reflect on the consequences of their decisions and actions. However, there is insufficient guidance on how to design feedback models within VPs and especially in the context of their application in MOOCs. In this paper, we share our experiences from building a feedback model for a bladder cancer VP in a Urology MOOC, following an iterative process in three steps...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677931/predicting-clinical-outcomes-in-colorectal-cancer-using-machine-learning
#9
Julian Gründner, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Michael Stürzl, Roland Croner, Jan Christoph, Dennis Toddenroth
Using gene markers and other patient features to predict clinical outcomes plays a vital role in enhancing clinical decision making and improving prognostic accuracy. This work uses a large set of colorectal cancer patient data to train predictive models using machine learning methods such as random forest, general linear model, and neural network for clinically relevant outcomes including disease free survival, survival, radio-chemotherapy response (RCT-R) and relapse. The most successful predictive models were created for dichotomous outcomes like relapse and RCT-R with accuracies of 0...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677915/xploit-an-ontology-based-data-integration-platform-supporting-the-development-of-predictive-models-for-personalized-medicine
#10
Gabriele Weiler, Ulf Schwarz, Jochen Rauch, Kerstin Rohm, Thorsten Lehr, Stefan Theobald, Stephan Kiefer, Katharina Götz, Katharina Och, Nico Pfeifer, Lisa Handl, Sigrun Smola, Matthias Ihle, Amin T Turki, Dietrich W Beelen, Jürgen Rissland, Jörg Bittenbring, Norbert Graf
Predictive models can support physicians to tailor interventions and treatments to their individual patients based on their predicted response and risk of disease and help in this way to put personalized medicine into practice. In allogeneic stem cell transplantation risk assessment is to be enhanced in order to respond to emerging viral infections and transplantation reactions. However, to develop predictive models it is necessary to harmonize and integrate high amounts of heterogeneous medical data that is stored in different health information systems...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677567/methods-for-assessing-mitochondrial-quality-control-mechanisms-and-cellular-consequences-in-cell-culture
#11
Matthew Redmann, Gloria A Benavides, Willayat Yousuf Wani, Taylor F Berryhill, Xiaosen Ouyang, Michelle S Johnson, Saranya Ravi, Kasturi Mitra, Stephen Barnes, Victor M Darley-Usmar, Jianhua Zhang
Mitochondrial quality is under surveillance by autophagy, the cell recycling process which degrades and removes damaged mitochondria. Inadequate autophagy results in deterioration in mitochondrial quality, bioenergetic dysfunction, and metabolic stress. Here we describe in an integrated work-flow to assess parameters of mitochondrial morphology, function, mtDNA and protein damage, metabolism and autophagy regulation to provide the framework for a practical assessment of mitochondrial quality. This protocol has been tested with cell cultures, is highly reproducible, and is adaptable to studies when cell numbers are limited, and thus will be of interest to researchers studying diverse physiological and pathological phenomena in which decreased mitochondrial quality is a contributory factor...
April 10, 2018: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677100/from-community-to-meta-community-mental-health-care
#12
REVIEW
Nick Bouras, George Ikkos, Thomas Craig
Since the 1960s, we have witnessed the development and growth of community mental health care that continues to dominate mental health policy and practice. Several high-income countries have implemented community mental health care programmes but for many others, including mostly low- and middle-income countries, it remains an aspiration. Although community mental health care has been positive for many service users, it has also had severe shortcomings. Expectations that it would lead to fuller social integration have not been fulfilled and many service users remain secluded in sheltered or custodial environments with limited social contacts and no prospect of work...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677044/practice-makes-perfect-integrating-technology-to-teach-language-barrier-solutions
#13
Brenda Pavill
This article highlights how academia and industry leaders in health care communication can partner to provide students practice caring for individuals who are limited English proficient and how such practice opportunities can be integrated into academic programs. Highlighted are key elements to consider when partnering with industry leaders to develop a program for students. A course exemplar provides a comprehensive description of a practice exercise integrated in a nursing physical assessment course. Students obtain hands-on experiences caring for limited English proficient standardized patients using state-of-the-art digital video interpreting technology...
April 19, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677006/evidence-basis-for-integrated-management-of-mineral-metabolism-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#14
Julia J Scialla
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Treatment of mineral metabolism is a mainstay of dialysis care including some of its most widely used and costly pharmaceuticals. Although many mineral metabolites are associated with increased risk of mortality, cardiovascular disease, and other morbidities, few clinical trials are available to guide therapy and most focus on single drug approaches. In practice, providers manage many aspects of mineral metabolism simultaneously in integrated treatment approaches that incorporate multiple agents and changes in the dialysis prescription...
April 6, 2018: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676836/visually-induced-analgesia-in-a-deep-tissue-experimental-pain-model-a-randomised-cross-over-experiment
#15
M J van Selm, W I Gibson, M J Travers, G L Moseley, D Hince, B M Wand
BACKGROUND: Visualizing one's own painful body part appears to have an effect on reported pain intensity. Furthermore, it seems that manipulating the size of the viewed image can determine the direction and extent of this phenomenon. When visual distortion has been applied to clinical populations the analgesic effects have been in opposition to those observed in some experimental pain models. To help resolve this problem we explored the effect of visualisation and magnification of the visual image on reported pain using a delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) pain model...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676747/membrane-integrated-process-for-advanced-treatment-of-high-strength-opium-alkaloid-wastewaters
#16
Güçlü Insel, Ahmet Karagunduz, Murat Aksel, Emine Cokgor, Gokce Kor-Bicakci, Goksin Ozyildiz, Ismail Toroz, Bulent Keskinler
In this study, an integrated aerobic membrane bioreactor (MBR)-nanofiltration (NF) system has been applied for advanced treatment of Opium processing wastewaters to comply with strict discharge limits. Aerobic MBR treatment was successfully applied to high strength industrial wastewater. In aerobic MBR treatment, a non-fouling unique slot aeration system was designed using computational fluid dynamics techniques. The MBR was used to separate treated effluent from dispersed and non-settleable biomass. Respirometric modeling using MBR sludge indicated that the biomass exhibited similar kinetic parameters to that of municipal activated sludge systems...
April 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676734/flows-ecology-and-people-is-there-room-for-cultural-demands-in-the-assessment-of-environmental-flows
#17
Fernando Magdaleno
The science and practice of environmental flows - aimed at the protection of ecosystem values and functions in regulated rivers - has progressively recognized the relevance of incorporating socio-cultural demands of local communities in the calculation of water requirements of rivers' habitats and services. This review paper synthesizes the concept of cultural flows, and presents the main approaches explored or conducted up to this date to provide such flows in rivers of different regions and typology. This work highlights the necessity of integrating cultural demands in future attempts to protect and restore altered flow patterns, due to the multiple interactions between flow, ecology and people which typically characterize rivers and other aquatic systems...
April 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676641/toxic-and-genomic-influences-of-inhaled-nanomaterials-as-a-basis-for-predicting-adverse-outcome
#18
Penny Nymark, Pekka Kohonen, Vesa Hongisto, Roland C Grafström
An immense variety of different types of engineered nanomaterials are currently being developed and increasingly applied to consumer products. Importantly, engineered nanomaterials may pose unexplored adverse health effects because of their small size. Particularly in occupational settings, the dustiness of certain engineered nanomaterials involves risk of inhalation and influences on lung function. These facts call for quick and cost-effective safety testing practices, such as that obtained through multiparametric high-throughput screening using cultured human lung cells...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675973/zinc-cobalt-sulfide-nanosheets-array-derived-from-2d-bimetallic-metal-organic-frameworks-for-high-performance-supercapacitor
#19
Kai Tao, Xue Han, Qiuhui Cheng, Yujing Yang, Zheng Yang, Qingxiang Ma, Lei Han
Porous ternary metal sulfide integrated electrode materials with abundant electroactive sites and redox reactions are very promising for supercapacitors. Here, porous zinc cobalt sulfide nanosheets array on Ni foam (Zn-Co-S/NF) has been successfully constructed by a facile growth of 2D bimetallic zinc/cobalt-based metal-organic frameworks (Zn/Co-MOF) nanosheets with leaf-like morphology on Ni foam, followed by additional sulfurization. The Zn-Co-S/NF nanosheets array is directly acted as an electrode for supercapacitor, showing much better electrochemical performance (2354...
April 19, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675882/diffusion-tensor-imaging-using-multiple-coils-for-mouse-brain-connectomics
#20
John C Nouls, Alexandra Badea, Robert B J Anderson, Gary P Cofer, G Allan Johnson
The correlation between brain connectivity and psychiatric or neurological diseases has intensified efforts to develop brain connectivity mapping techniques on mouse models of human disease. The neural architecture of mouse brain specimens can be shown non-destructively and three-dimensionally by diffusion tensor imaging, which enables tractography, the establishment of a connectivity matrix and connectomics. However, experiments on cohorts of animals can be prohibitively long. To improve throughput in a 7-T preclinical scanner, we present a novel two-coil system in which each coil is shielded, placed off-isocenter along the axis of the magnet and connected to a receiver circuit of the scanner...
April 19, 2018: NMR in Biomedicine
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