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foot biomechanics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234863/gait-analysis-in-short-term-follow-up-of-medial-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy
#1
Hésojy Gley Pereira Vital da Silva, Alessandro Rozim Zorzi, Heglayne Pereira Vital da Silva, João Batista de Miranda
BACKGROUND: Biomechanical gait changes are proposed as adaptations to medial knee osteoarthritis (OA), and little is known about which parameters can be modified early by high tibial osteotomy (HTO) surgery. The aim of this study was to identify early gait changes in a postoperative period of 6 months as compared to a control group, in three different spatial planes. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with OA were submitted to three-dimensional gait analysis preoperatively and 6 months after HTO surgery...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234554/the-influence-of-extrinsic-factors-on-knee-biomechanics-during-cycling-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
Therese E Johnston, Tiara A Baskins, Rachael V Koppel, Samuel A Oliver, Donald J Stieber, Lisa T Hoglund
Background: The knee is susceptible to injury during cycling due to the repetitive nature of the activity while generating torque on the pedal. Knee pain is the most common overuse related injury reported by cyclists, and intrinsic and extrinsic factors can contribute to the development of knee pain. Purpose: Due to the potential for various knee injuries, this purpose of this systematic review of the literature was to determine the association between biomechanical factors and knee injury risk in cyclists...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221678/hybrid-imaging-in-foot-and-ankle-disorders
#3
R García Jiménez, F J García-Gómez, E Noriega Álvarez, C Calvo Morón, J J Martín-Marcuartu
Disorders of the foot and ankle are some of the most frequent ones affecting the musculoskeletal system and have a great impact on patients' quality of life. Accurate diagnosis is an important clinical challenge because of the complex anatomy and function of the foot, that make it difficult to locate the source of the pain by routine clinical examination. In the study of foot pathology, anatomical imaging (radiography, magnetic resonance imaging [MRI], ultrasound and computed tomography [CT]) and functional imaging (bone scan, positron emission tomography [PET] and MRI) techniques have been used...
December 5, 2017: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214919/effect-of-total-contact-orthosis-on-medial-longitudinal-arch-and-lower-extremities-in-flexible-flatfoot-subjects-during-walking
#4
Tulaya Prachgosin, Wipawan Leelasamran, Pruittikorn Smithmaitrie, Surapong Chatpun
BACKGROUND: Total-contact orthosis (TCO) is one kind of foot orthosis (FO) that is used to adjust biomechanics in flexible flatfoot. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a TCO on the MLA moment, MLA deformation angle and lower limb biomechanics. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Seven-flatfoot and thirteen-normal foot subjects were recruited by footprint and radiographs. The biomechanics of subjects with normal foot (NF), flatfoot with shoe only (FWOT) and flatfoot with TCO (FWT) were collected in a 3D motion analysis laboratory and force plates...
December 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207289/accuracy-evaluation-of-a-method-to-partition-ground-reaction-force-and-center-of-pressure-in-cane-assisted-gait-using-an-instrumented-cane-with-a-triaxial-force-sensor
#5
Arinori Kamono, Mizuki Kato, Naomichi Ogihara
Clarifying the biomechanics of cane-assisted gait in elderly individuals and patients with gait disorders is important for developing better therapeutic interventions in the fields of rehabilitation and orthopedics. However, if the foot and the cane in the ipsilateral hand are placed on the same force plate simultaneously, the force plate cannot separate the forces as it records the sum of the forces. To overcome this indeterminacy problem of the ground reaction force (GRF) and the center of pressure (COP) in cane-assisted gait analysis, a method to partition the GRF and COP using an instrumented cane with a force transducer has been proposed...
November 28, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202983/influence-of-tibialis-posterior-muscle-activation-on-foot-anatomy-under-axial-loading-a-biomechanical-ct-human-cadaveric-study
#6
Koen Dullaert, Jennifer E Hagen, Paul Simons, Florian Gras, Boyko Gueorguiev, R Geoff Richards, Kajetan Klos
BACKGROUND: Collapse of the medial longitudinal arch and subluxation of the subtalar joint are common occurrences in adult flatfoot deformity. Controversy exists about the role of the tibialis posterior (TP) tendon as first and/or essential lesion. Subtle changes in the foot configuration can occur under weight bearing. PURPOSE: This human cadaveric study is designed to investigate the effect that isolated actuation of the TP tendon has on the medial longitudinal arch and the hindfoot configuration under simulated weight bearing...
December 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197918/the-potential-of-ultrasonography-in-the-evaluation-of-foot-orthotics-therapy
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Petcu, Delia Alexandrina Mitrea, Cosmina Ioana Bondor, Elena Rodica Perciun
Foot orthotics prescription is based on the foot functioning paradigms with tissue stress theory being in avant-garde. The main goal of orthotic therapy is to reduce the internal tissue's pathological stresses in the foot structures. Traditionally, ultrasound scanning technique depicts anatomic related data of both common and uncommon pathology encountered in the clinical practice, helping in diagnosing, treating and evaluating, which are equally important for the practitioners. Its accessibility, compared to biomechanical modelling, makes this technique a valuable tool in the field of foot and ankle disorders...
November 29, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191634/a-mathematical-analysis-to-address-the-6-degree-of-freedom-segmental-power-imbalance
#8
Anahid Ebrahimi, John D Collins, Thomas M Kepple, Kota Z Takahashi, Jill S Higginson, Steven J Stanhope
Segmental power is used in human movement analyses to indicate the source and net rate of energy transfer between the rigid bodies of biomechanical models. Segmental power calculations are performed using segment endpoint dynamics (kinetic method). A theoretically equivalent method is to measure the rate of change in a segment's mechanical energy state (kinematic method). However, these two methods have not produced experimentally equivalent results for segments proximal to the foot, with the difference in methods deemed the "power imbalance...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189099/creative-prosthetic-foot-selection-enables-successful-ambulation-in-stiletto-high-heels
#9
Elizabeth Russell Esposito, Delbert H Lipe, Christopher A Rábago
BACKGROUND: Walking in high heels presents biomechanical challenges, yet they remain part of many women's attire. However, women with a lower limb amputation are limited in available footwear options. Case description and methods: This case study is in response to one patient's assertion that she walked better and more symmetrically in heels than flat shoes with her below-knee prosthesis. She underwent gait analysis in athletic shoes and 10-cm stiletto high heels worn with a pediatric running foot to determine if these claims could be substantiated through biomechanical measures...
November 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184756/balance-control-during-gait-initiation-state-of-the-art-and-research-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
Eric Yiou, Teddy Caderby, Arnaud Delafontaine, Paul Fourcade, Jean-Louis Honeine
It is well known that balance control is affected by aging, neurological and orthopedic conditions. Poor balance control during gait and postural maintenance are associated with disability, falls and increased mortality. Gait initiation - the transient period between the quiet standing posture and steady state walking - is a functional task that is classically used in the literature to investigate how the central nervous system (CNS) controls balance during a whole-body movement involving change in the base of support dimensions and center of mass progression...
November 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172689/stress-fracture-of-the-fifth-metatarsal-in-foot-deformity-secondary-to-neuromuscular-disease-experiences-of-deformity-correction-treatment-a-report-of-3-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Jesús Payo-Ollero, Fernando Álvarez Goenaga, Gotzon Elorriaga Sagarduy, Alberto Ruiz Nasarre, Matías Alfonso Olmos-García, Carlos Villas Tomé
Fractures at the proximal metaphyso-diaphyseal junction of the fifth metatarsal are associated with high rates of delayed union. When these fractures are the result of repeated stress in patients with equinovarus hindfoot, which in turn is caused by neurological disorders, delayed union is the rule. Therefore, in neurological patients with stress fractures, optimal treatment would be to achieve a plantigrade foot enabling them to relieve the fifth metatarsal overload, which prevents the consolidation. We report 3 cases of fifth metatarsal stress fracture resulting from an equinovarus hindfoot deformity caused by a neuromuscular disease...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171982/morphofunctional-muscle-changes-influence-on-foot-stability-in-multiple-sclerosis-during-gait-prediction-the-rehabilitation-potential1
#12
Marius Cristian Neamtu, Oana Maria Neamtu, Mihnea Ion Marin, Ligia Rusu
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis patients may suffer muscle changes that involve gait disorders of the kinetic and kinematic parameters also their gait may be clinically symmetrical or asymmetrical. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze how the muscle change, could affect the biomechanical parameters of foot stability during the gait, by disturb the motor control. METHODS: The study group consisted of 13 patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, presenting clinically detectable abnormal gait...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166622/morphological-characteristics-and-variations-of-the-human-quadratus-plantae-muscle
#13
Bettina Pretterklieber
The quadratus plantae (QP) is a highly variable structure. A number of partly inexact descriptions of this entity have been provided in textbooks of anatomy. Although several authors have examined the QP, its exact site of origin and type of insertion have hitherto not been specified. The aim of this study has been to provide detailed qualitative and quantitative data about the number of heads, points of origin, and type of insertion of the QP. The QP in both feet of 50 formalin-fixed specimens of body donors (25 men and women) were analyzed by gross anatomical dissection...
November 19, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154449/relation-between-foot-pain-and-plantar-pressure-in-pregnancy
#14
Tuncay Varol, Aslı Göker, Enis Cezayirli, Serkan Özgür, Ayşe Tuç Yücel
Background/aim: Hormonal and structural changes that occur during pregnancy cause alterations in body biomechanics. These alterations reach their peak in the last trimester. Adaptive changes that appear in the foot result in pain in the foot and ankle. Pedobarography is a noninvasive measurement method that can be used to understand the origin of such pain. Materials and methods: One hundred and thirty-one pregnant women who did not have a foot or ankle problem prior to pregnancy volunteered to take part in the study...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149063/estimating-stair-running-performance-using-inertial-sensors
#15
Lauro V Ojeda, Antonia M Zaferiou, Stephen M Cain, Rachel V Vitali, Steven P Davidson, Leia A Stirling, Noel C Perkins
Stair running, both ascending and descending, is a challenging aerobic exercise that many athletes, recreational runners, and soldiers perform during training. Studying biomechanics of stair running over multiple steps has been limited by the practical challenges presented while using optical-based motion tracking systems. We propose using foot-mounted inertial measurement units (IMUs) as a solution as they enable unrestricted motion capture in any environment and without need for external references. In particular, this paper presents methods for estimating foot velocity and trajectory during stair running using foot-mounted IMUs...
November 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147132/numerical-investigation-of-pulse-wave-propagation-in-arteries-using-fluid-structure-interaction-capabilities
#16
Hisham Elkenani, Essam Al-Bahkali, Mhamed Souli
The aim of this study is to present a reliable computational scheme to serve in pulse wave velocity (PWV) assessment in large arteries. Clinicians considered it as an indication of human blood vessels' stiffness. The simulation of PWV was conducted using a 3D elastic tube representing an artery. The constitutive material model specific for vascular applications was applied to the tube material. The fluid was defined with an equation of state representing the blood material. The onset of a velocity pulse was applied at the tube inlet to produce wave propagation...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145876/standing-on-slopes-how-current-microprocessor-controlled-prosthetic-feet-support-transtibial-and-transfemoral-amputees-in-an-everyday-task
#17
Michael Ernst, Björn Altenburg, Malte Bellmann, Thomas Schmalz
BACKGROUND: Conventional prosthetic feet like energy storage and return feet provide only a limited range of ankle motion compared to human ones. In order to overcome the poor rotational adaptability, prosthetic manufacturers developed different prosthetic feet with an additional rotational joint and implemented active control in different states. It was the aim of the study to investigate to what extent these commercially available microprocessor-controlled prosthetic feet support a natural posture while standing on inclines and which concept is most beneficial for lower limb amputees...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140159/athletes-rated-as-poor-single-leg-squat-performers-display-measureable-differences-in-single-leg-squat-biomechanics-compared-to-good-performers
#18
Lachlan E Garrick, Bryce C Alexander, Anthony G Schache, Marcus G Pandy, Kay M Crossley, Natalie J Collins
CONTEXT: It is important to validate single-leg squat visual rating criteria used in clinical practice and research. Foot orthoses may improve single-leg squat performance in those who demonstrate biomechanics associated with increased risk of lower-limb injury. OBJECTIVE: Validate visual rating criteria proposed by Crossley et al, by determining whether athletes rated as poor single-leg squat performers display different single-leg squat biomechanics than good performers; and evaluate immediate effects of foot orthoses on single-leg squat biomechanics in poor performers...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128507/moderators-and-mediators-of-effects-of-unloading-shoes-on-knee-pain-in-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-an-exploratory-analysis-of-the-shark-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
K L Paterson, J Kasza, K L Bennell, T V Wrigley, B R Metcalf, P K Campbell, D J Hunter, R S Hinman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate moderators and biomechanical mediators of effects of unloading shoes on knee pain in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Exploratory analysis from 164 participants in a clinical trial comparing unloading (ASICS GEL-Melbourne OA) to conventional walking shoes. The primary outcome was 6-month change in knee pain (11-point numerical rating scale (NRS)). Moderators included baseline peak knee adduction moment (KAM), radiographic severity (Kellgren & Lawrence (KL) scale), body mass, foot posture, neuropathic pain and diffuse knee pain...
November 8, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114512/the-runsmart-training-program-effect-on-oxygen-consumption-and-lower-extremity-biomechanics-during-running
#20
Jennifer Bogulski, Steven Gonser, Doug Bush, Rachel Bugner, Lindsey Clark, Lisa Farrell, Kristen Swanson, Michael David Ross
As recreational running continues to gain popularity, more individuals are seeking ways to improve running performance. RunSmart is a running intervention program designed to enhance a runner's form. In addition to correcting flaws in a runner's form, RunSmart offers the opportunity for runners to continue a regular regimen while slowly integrating changes in form. The purpose of this case series was twofold: to determine if the RunSmart program coincides with improvements in oxygen consumption (VO2), a variable often associated with better running performance times, and to evaluate the RunSmart program in regard to enhancing gait biomechanics...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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