keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cord

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232713/long-disordered-regions-of-the-c-terminal-domain-of-abelson-tyrosine-kinase-have-specific-and-additive-functions-in-regulation-and-axon-localization
#1
Han S J Cheong, Mark F A VanBerkum
Abelson tyrosine kinase (Abl) is a key regulator of actin-related morphogenetic processes including axon guidance, where it functions downstream of several guidance receptors. While the long C-terminal domain (CTD) of Abl is required for function, its role is poorly understood. Here, a battery of mutants of Drosophila Abl was created that systematically deleted large segments of the CTD from Abl or added them back to the N-terminus alone. The functionality of these Abl transgenes was assessed through rescue of axon guidance defects and adult lethality in Abl loss-of-function, as well as through gain-of-function effects in sensitized slit or frazzled backgrounds that perturb midline guidance in the Drosophila embryonic nerve cord...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232525/a-modified-ficoll-paque-gradient-method-for-isolating-mononuclear-cells-from-the-peripheral-and-umbilical-cord-blood-of-humans-for-biobanks-and-clinical-laboratories
#2
Yanjuan Jia, Hui Xu, Yonghong Li, Chaojun Wei, Rui Guo, Fang Wang, Yu Wu, Jing Liu, Jing Jia, Junwen Yan, Xiaoming Qi, Yuanting Li, Xiaoling Gao
Although the Ficoll-Paque method is classically used to isolate peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), modifications in this method are required for a more rapid and economic output for biobanks and clinical laboratories, particularly in developing countries. In this study, we addressed this issue by modifying the Ficoll-Paque method for the isolation of PBMCs or mononuclear cells from the peripheral and the umbilical cord blood of healthy and diseased (infected, anemic, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) adult individuals...
December 12, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232460/travel-with-cpap-machines-how-frequent-and-what-are-the-problems
#3
Richard Bodington, Owen Johnson, Pippa Carveth-Johnson, Shoaib Faruqi
Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome is a common condition for which continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) is the standard treatment. The condition affects a population of which a substantial proportion will be travelling. Methods: We use a questionnaire survey of CPAP users to gain understanding regarding the behaviours, attitudes and problems surrounding travel with CPAP machines during travel and while abroad. All CPAP patients on our database at a UK district general hospital reviewed over a period of 4 years were sent a postal questionnaire...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231595/-effects-of-electroacupuncture-on-activation-of-microglia-cells-in-spinal-cord-in-rats-with-neuropathic-pain
#4
Sisi Li, Pengpeng Gu, Wenzhan Tu, Xia Jiang, Wenci Chen, Qimiao Hu, Songhe Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on the activation of microglia cells in the L4 to L6 spinal cord in rats with neuropathic pain, so as to investigate whether EA could inhibit the activation of spinal microglial cells and regulate the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) to achieve the analgesic effect. METHODS: Forty male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a sham-model group, a model group and an EA group, 10 rats in each one...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231515/-reviews-on-acupuncture-for-cellular-signal-transduction-in-spinal-cord-injury
#5
REVIEW
Jisheng Liu, Hong Zhang, Guilan Huang, Ming Xu, Jian Zhang, Xiuting Yin
Investigating the influence of acupuncture on cellular signal transduction is an efficient pathway to reveal the action mechanism of acupuncture on spinal cord injury (SCI). In this study, the experiment research literature regarding acupuncture for SCI during past 10 years was reviewed and analyzed. As a result, it was found that acupuncture could regulate the expression of the first intercellular messenger as well as the second signal molecules including cyclic adenosine monophosphate, cyclic guanosine monophosphate, Ca2+, nitric oxide to intervene the apoptotic signaling pathway, Rho/Rock signaling pathway, Wnt signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, Notch signaling pathway, etc...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231435/-acupuncture-direction-and-analgesia
#6
Lu Sun, Renzhong Kou, Lanqing Liu, Gangqi Fan
The acupuncture direction is closely related with the efficacy of acupuncture analgesia. In this article, the relationship between efficacy of acupuncture analgesia and factors, such as whether the needle towards disease location, whether the needle towards meridian direction, whether the needle following spinal cord direction and whether the needle following muscle direction, were analyzed. The previous clinical and literature research indicated that the needle towards disease location was superior to reverse direction, however, the efficacy of analgesia between needle following and reversing meridian, needle towards and at disease location, needles following and reversing spinal cord direction, needles following and reversing muscle direction was controversial...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231333/-from-bonghan-system-to-primo-vascular-system-the-thought-on-the-substantial-study-on-meridian-points
#7
Dong Lin, Xiaozhen Huang, Wanyu Zhuang, Lili Lin
Through the systematic analysis on the primo vascular system (PVS) in recent years, we believe that in recent years, more and more studies have indicated that PVS is distributed in reticulate structure in every part of body, such as vessels, lymphangions, nerves, brain, spinal cords and internal organs, and it contains a large amount of immunocytes and has involved in the physiological or pathological process of the immunity and circulation in the body. There are the evidences to prove that in morphology and cytobiology...
January 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230638/application-of-the-sodium-hyaluronate-cntf-scaffolds-in-repairing-adult-rat-spinal-cord-injury-and-facilitating-neural-network-formation
#8
Yabin Xie, Wei Song, Wen Zhao, Yudan Gao, Junkui Shang, Peng Hao, Zhaoyang Yang, Hongmei Duan, Xiaoguang Li
The present study aimed to explore the potential of the sodium hyaluronate-CNTF (ciliary neurotrophic factor) scaffold in activating endogenous neurogenesis and facilitating neural network re-formation after the adult rat spinal cord injury (SCI). After completely cutting and removing a 5-mm adult rat T8 segment, a sodium hyaluronate-CNTF scaffold was implanted into the lesion area. Dil tracing and immunofluorescence staining were used to observe the proliferation, differentiation and integration of neural stem cells (NSCs) after SCI...
December 6, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230608/combinatorial-therapy-with-two-pro-coagulants-and-one-osmotic-agent-reduces-the-extent-of-the-lesion-in-the-acute-phase-of-spinal-cord-injury-in-the-rat
#9
Mathieu Boutonnet, Elisabeth Laemmel, Eric Vicaut, Jacques Duranteau, Marc Soubeyrand
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a complex disease that leads to a motor, sensitive, and vegetative impairment. So far, single therapies are ineffective for treating SCI in humans and a multifactorial therapeutic approach may be required. The aim of this work was to assess the effect of a triple therapy (TT) associating two pro-coagulant therapies (tranexamic acid and fibrinogen) with an anti-edema therapy (hypertonic saline solution), on the extent of the lesion 24 h post-injury...
December 11, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230560/non-functionalized-soft-alginate-hydrogel-promotes-locomotor-recovery-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-a-rat-hemimyelonectomy-model
#10
Kerim Hakan Sitoci-Ficici, Marina Matyash, Ortrud Uckermann, Roberta Galli, Elke Leipnitz, Robert Later, Chrysanthy Ikonomidou, Michael Gelinsky, Gabriele Schackert, Matthias Kirsch
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) and the consecutive devastating neurological sequelae have an enormous individual and economic impact. Implantation of functionalized hydrogels is a promising approach, because they can serve as a matrix for the regenerating tissue, carry and release bioactive molecules and various cell types. We already demonstrated that non-functionalized soft alginate hydrogel supported axonal outgrowth and protected neurons against oxidative stress in vitro. Here, we investigated the effects of such soft alginate hydrogels on locomotor recovery in small and large spinal cord lesions...
December 11, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230425/neuroprotective-potential-of-gentongping-in-rat-model-of-cervical-spondylotic-radiculopathy-targeting-ppar-%C3%AE-pathway
#11
Wen Sun, Kang Zheng, Bin Liu, Danping Fan, Hui Luo, Xiaoyuan Qu, Li Li, Xiaojuan He, Jianfeng Yi, Cheng Lu
Cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR) is the most general form of spinal degenerative disease and is characterized by pain and numbness of the neck and arm. Gentongping (GTP) granule, as a classical Chinese patent medicine, has been widely used in curing CSR, whereas the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore the pharmacological mechanisms of GTP on CSR. The rat model of CSR was induced by spinal cord injury (SCI). Our results showed that GTP could significantly alleviate spontaneous pain as well as ameliorate gait...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230336/metastatic-spinal-cord-compression-secondary-to-liver-cancer
#12
Daniel Gams Massi, Japhari Nyassinde, Ngor Side Diagne, Ramy Abdennaji, Kamadore Toure, Moustapha Ndiaye, Amadou Gallo Diop, Mouhamadou Mansour Ndiaye
Metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) is a medical emergency that requires rapid diagnosis and treatment to reduce pain, to preserve neurological functioning, and to prolong survival. The diagnosis of liver cancer is often neglected in the differential diagnosis of MSCC. Treatment is usually palliative and evolution is often fatal. This is a case report of a 28-year-old patient living in Mauritania hospitalized in November 2014 at the neurology department of Fann national teaching hospital in Dakar, for the management of a chronic dorsal spinal cord compression...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230286/asthma-mimic-case-report-and-literature-review-of-vocal-cord-nodule-associated-with-wheezing
#13
Muhammad Kashif, Tushi Singh, Ahsan Aslam, Misbahuddin Khaja
Asthma is a heterogeneous disease, usually characterized by chronic airway inflammation. Various clinical conditions can mimic asthma, such as foreign body aspiration, subglottic stenosis, congestive heart failure, diffuse panbronchiolitis, aortic arch anomalies, reactive airway dysfunction syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, retrosternal goiter, vocal cord tumors, other airway tumors, and vocal cord dysfunction. Upper airway obstruction can be a life-threatening emergency. Here, we present the case of a 58-year-old female with recurrent hospital visits for wheezing and exacerbations of asthma, who was later found to have a vocal cord nodule confirmed to be squamous cell carcinoma, which was mimicking like asthma...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230100/dl-3-n-butylphthalide-prevents-the-disruption-of-blood-spinal-cord-barrier-via-inhibiting-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-following-spinal-cord-injury
#14
Binbin Zheng, Yulong Zhou, Hongyu Zhang, Guangyong Yang, Zhenghua Hong, Dandan Han, Qingqing Wang, Zili He, Yanlong Liu, Fenzan Wu, Xie Zhang, Songlin Tong, Huazi Xu, Jian Xiao
After spinal cord injury (SCI), the destruction of blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) is shown to accelerate gathering of noxious blood-derived components in the nervous system, leading to secondary neurodegenerative damages. SCI activates endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress), which is considered to evoke secondary damages of neurons and glia. Recent evidence indicates that Dl-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) has the neuroprotective effect in ischaemic brain injury, but whether it has protective effects on SCI or not is largely unclear...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229988/dietary-habits-and-cooking-methods-could-reduce-avoidable-exposure-to-pcbs-in-maternal-and-cord-sera
#15
Weiwei Jin, Masae Otake, Akifumi Eguchi, Kenichi Sakurai, Hiroko Nakaoka, Masahiro Watanabe, Emiko Todaka, Chisato Mori
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), like other persistent organic pollutants, are accumulating throughout the food chain and pose health threats to humans, especially children and foetuses. There is no protocol for reducing the contamination levels of the PCBs in humans. This study identified food items and cooking methods that reduce serum PCB levels by analysing data collected from the Chiba Study of Mother and Child Health. The sample size was 194 subjects. Serum PCB levels were measured using gas chromatography-electron capture negative ionization quadrupole mass spectrometry...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229841/predicting-glycosaminoglycan-surface-protein-interactions-and-implications-for-studying-axonal-growth
#16
Adam R Griffith, Claude J Rogers, Gregory M Miller, Ravinder Abrol, Linda C Hsieh-Wilson, William A Goddard
Cell-surface carbohydrates play important roles in numerous biological processes through their interactions with various protein-binding partners. These interactions are made possible by the vast structural diversity of carbohydrates and the diverse array of carbohydrate presentations on the cell surface. Among the most complex and important carbohydrates are glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), which display varied stereochemistry, chain lengths, and patterns of sulfation. GAG-protein interactions participate in neuronal development, angiogenesis, spinal cord injury, viral invasion, and immune response...
December 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229703/orai1-plays-a-crucial-role-in-central-sensitization-by-modulating-neuronal-excitability
#17
Yannong Dou, Jingsheng Xia, Ruby Gao, Xinghua Gao, Frances M Munoz, Dongyu Wei, Yuzhen Tian, James E Barrett, Seena Ajit, Olimpia Meucci, James W Putney, Yue Dai, Huijuan Hu
Pathological pain is a common and debilitating condition that is often poorly managed. Central sensitization is an important mechanism underlying pathological pain. However, candidate molecules involved in central sensitization remain unclear. Store-operated calcium channels (SOCs) mediate important calcium signals in non-excitable and excitable cells. SOCs have been implicated in a wide variety of human pathophysiological conditions including immunodeficiency, occlusive vascular diseases and cancer. However, the role of SOCs in central nervous system (CNS) disorders has been relatively unexplored...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229682/pediatric-injuries-related-to-window-blinds-shades-and-cords
#18
Bridget Onders, Eun Hye Kim, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Nichole L Hodges, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVES: To provide an epidemiologic description of fatal and nonfatal window blind-related injuries among US children younger than 6 years of age. METHODS: Data from the Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System and In-Depth Investigation (IDI) databases were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: From 1990 to 2015, there were an estimated 16 827 (95% confidence interval: 13 732-19 922) window blind-related injuries among children younger than 6 years of age treated in emergency departments in the United States, corresponding to an injury rate of 2...
December 11, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229559/axons-of-individual-dorsal-horn-neurons-bifurcated-to-project-in-both-the-anterolateral-and-the-postsynaptic-dorsal-column-systems
#19
M Condés-Lara, G Martínez-Lorenzana, G Rojas-Piloni, I Tello-García, A Manzano-García, E Rubio-Beltran, A González-Hernández
Sensory information stimulates receptors of somatosensory system neurons generating a signal that codifies the characteristics of peripheral stimulation. This information reaches the spinal cord and is relayed to supra-spinal structures through two main systems: the postsynaptic dorsal column-medial lemniscal (DC-ML) and the anterolateral (AL) systems. From the classical point of view, the DC-ML has an ipsilateral ascending pathway to the Gracilis (GRA) or Cuneate (CUN) nuclei and the AL has a contralateral ascending pathway to the ventral posterolateral (VPL) thalamic nucleus...
December 8, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229558/enhanced-activities-of-%C3%AE-subunit-containing-gabaa-receptors-blocked-spinal-long-term-potentiation-and-attenuated-formalin-induced-spontaneous-pain
#20
Jiang-Ping Liu, Yong-Tao He, Xing-Lian Duan, Zhan-Wei Suo, Xian Yang, Xiao-Dong Hu
The δ subunit-containing γ-Aminobutyric acid type A receptors (δ-GABAARs) are located at extrasynaptic sites and persistently active in the control of neuronal excitability. Here we recorded primary afferent C fiber-evoked field potentials in the superficial dorsal horn of rat spinal cords in vivo, and investigated the possible influence of δ-GABAARs activities on nociceptive synaptic transmission. We found that δ-GABAARs-preferring agonist THIP, when topically applied onto spinal cord dorsum, inhibited the basal synaptic responses in a dose-dependent manner...
December 8, 2017: Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
103084
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"