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Cardiopulmonary exercise testing. (CPET)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782279/-response-predictors-for-physical-training-hfref-patients
#1
V L Galenko, T A Lelyavina, M Y Sitnikova
PURPOSE: To identify different types and possible predictors of physical rehabilitation (PR) response in reduced ejection fraction heart failure (HFrEF) patients, selected on the basis of achievement the lactate threshold during cardiopulmonary exercising test (CPET). METHODS: 64 patients, chronic heart failure (CHF) NYHA II-III functional class were included in our study. Mean age 54±12,5 years, body mass index (BMI) 26,5±6,4 kg/m2, ejection fraction (EF) 26,4±1,4 %, NYHA II: III (67 %: 33 % patients)...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781568/diastolic-dysfunction-is-associated-with-exercise-impairment-in-patients-with-sickle-cell-anemia
#2
Tarek Alsaied, Omar Niss, Adam W Powell, Robert J Fleck, James F Cnota, Clifford Chin, Punam Malik, Charles T Quinn, Michael D Taylor
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (DD) is an independent risk factor for mortality in sickle cell anemia (SCA) and is associated with increased extracellular volume (ECV) on cardiac MRI (CMR). Exercise impairment is common in SCA, but its causes and prognostic value are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of DD and ECV on cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in patients with SCA. METHODS AND RESULTS: As part of a prospective study to characterize the cardiomyopathy of SCA (NCT02410811), 20 children and adults with SCA underwent CMR, echocardiography, and cycle ergometer CPET (age range 8-43 years)...
May 21, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777847/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-limitation-in-peripheral-arterial-disease
#3
Zulfiqar Qutrio Baloch, Shabber Agha Abbas, Luke Marone, Abbas Ali
OBJECTIVE: PAD is associated with a markedly increased risk of cardiovascular mortality and remains under-recognized and under-treated. New screening approaches are needed to prevent disability in patients with PAD. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of clinically stable cardiovascular patients who were referred for cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) due to a variety of cardiovascular complaints. Amongst patients who prematurely terminated CPET, their available angiograms were assessed...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776810/congenital-heart-disease-in-adults-assessmentof-functional-capacity-using-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing
#4
Sílvia Aguiar Rosa, Ana Agapito, Rui M Soares, Lídia Sousa, José Alberto Oliveira, Ana Abreu, Ana Sofia Silva, Sandra Alves, Helena Aidos, Fátima F Pinto, Rui Cruz Ferreira
AIM: The aim of the study was to compare functional capacity in different types of congenital heart disease (CHD), as assessed by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of adult patients with CHD who had undergone CPET in a single tertiary center. Diagnoses were divided into repaired tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great arteries (TGA) after Senning or Mustard procedures or congenitally corrected TGA, complex defects, shunts, left heart valve disease and right ventricular outflow tract obstruction...
May 15, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771822/pulse-oximetry-and-arterial-oxygen-saturation-during-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing
#5
Mona Ascha, Anirban Bhattacharyya, Jose A Ramos, Adriano R Tonelli
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) is used as surrogate for arterial blood oxygen saturation. We studied the degree of discrepancy between SpO2 and arterial oxygen (SaO2) and identified parameters that may explain this difference. METHODS: We included patients who underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) at Cleveland Clinic. Pulse oximeters with forehead probes measured SpO2 and arterial blood gas (ABG) samples provided the SaO2 both at rest and peak exercise...
April 30, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757298/correction-to-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-cpet-in-the-united-kingdom-a-national-survey-of-the-structure-conduct-interpretation-and-funding
#6
T Reeves, S Bates, T Sharp, K Richardson, S Bali, J Plumb, H Anderson, J Prentis, M Swart, D Z H Levett
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13741-017-0082-3.].
2018: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745872/effects-of-autonomic-dysfunction-on-exercise-tolerance-in-systemic-sclerosis-patients-without-clinical-and-instrumental-evidence-of-cardiac-and-pulmonary-involvement
#7
Marcello Di Paolo, Antonietta Gigante, Marta Liberatori, Liborio Sardo, Paolo Marinelli, Marco Rossetti, Paolo Palange, Luigi Tubani, Edoardo Rosato
OBJECTIVES: Autonomic dysfunction (AD) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) was already confirmed through heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. Cardio-pulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a useful tool in early detection of exercise tolerance in SSc patients. Aim of the study was to assess the relationships existing between AD and exercise tolerance. METHODS: Thirty-two [4 M, 28 F; median age: 47.5 (20-65) years] consecutive SSc patients were enrolled. All patients underwent pulmonary function testing, incremental symptom-limited CPET and twenty-four hours ECG Holter recording with HRV analysis in time and frequency domain...
May 4, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745772/specificity-elicits-higher-maximal-and-submaximal-cardiorespiratory-responses-during-a-new-taekwondo-aerobic-test
#8
Matheus Hausen, Pedro Paulo Soares, Marcus Paulo Araujo, Débora Esteves, Hilbert Julio, Roberto Tauil, Marcus Junca, Flávia Porto, Emerson Franchini, Craig Alan Bridge, Jonas Gurgel
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to propose and validate new taekwondo-specific cardiopulmonary exercise tests. METHODS: Twelve male national-level taekwondo athletes (age 20 ± 2 yrs; body mass 67.5 ± 5.7 kg; height 175 ± 8 cm; training experience 7 ± 3 yrs) performed three separate exercise tests in a randomized counterbalanced order: 1) a Treadmill Running Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test (CPET); 2) Continuous and 3) Interval Taekwondo Cardiopulmonary Exercise Tests (cTKDet and iTKDet, respectively)...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741279/testing-physical-function-in-children-undergoing-intense-cancer-treatment-a-respect-feasibility-study
#9
Martin K F Nielsen, Jesper F Christensen, Thomas L Frandsen, Troels Thorsteinsson, Lars B Andersen, Karl B Christensen, Jacob Nersting, Marianne Faber, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Hanne B Larsen
BACKGROUND: The physical function of children with cancer is reduced during treatment, which can compromise the quality of life and increase the risk of chronic medical conditions. The study, "REhabilitation, including Social and Physical activity and Education in Children and Teenagers with cancer" (Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01772862) examines the efficacy of multimodal rehabilitation strategies introduced at cancer diagnosis. This article addresses the feasibility of and obstacles to testing physical function in children with cancer...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731027/prognostic-role-of-hypertensive-response-to-exercise-in-patients-with-repaired-coarctation-of-aorta
#10
Vidhushei Yogeswaran, Heidi M Connolly, Mohamad Al-Otaibi, Naser M Ammash, Carole A Warnes, Sameh M Said, Alexander C Egbe
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertensive response to exercise (HRE) and its association with cardiovascular adverse events (CAEs) in patients with repaired coarctation of aorta (rCOA). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of adult patients with rCOA who had cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPETs) and follow-up from 1994 to 2014 at Mayo Clinic. Patients with residual COA, defined as aortic isthmus peak velocity >2.5 m/s, were excluded...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730423/exercise-ventilatory-irregularity-can-be-quantified-by-approximate-entropy-to-detect-breathing-pattern-disorder
#11
Taranpal Bansal, Gulam S Haji, Harry B Rossiter, Mike I Polkey, James H Hull
BACKGROUND: Breathing pattern disorder (BPD) is a prevalent cause of exertional dyspnea and yet there is currently no reliable objective measure for its diagnosis. We propose that statistical analysis of ventilatory irregularity, quantified by approximate entropy (ApEn), could be used to detect BPD when applied to cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) data. We hypothesized that ApEn of ventilatory variables (tidal volume (VT ), breathing frequency (Bf ), minute ventilation (VE )) would be greater, i...
May 3, 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720508/the-role-of-cardiopulmonary-exercise-tests-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#12
REVIEW
Stefania Farina, Michele Correale, Noemi Bruno, Stefania Paolillo, Elisabetta Salvioni, Roberto Badagliacca, Piergiuseppe Agostoni
Despite recent advances in the therapeutic management of patients affected by pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), survival remains poor. Prompt identification of the disease, especially in subjects at increased risk of developing PAH, and prognostic stratification of patients are a necessary target of clinical practice but remain challenging. Cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) parameters, particularly peak oxygen uptake, end-tidal carbon dioxide tension and the minute ventilation/carbon dioxide production relationship, emerged as new prognostic tools for PAH patients...
June 30, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710369/arterial-stiffness-response-to-regular-aerobic-training-in-hypercholesterolemia-patients
#13
Guanghui Liu, Jiasheng Zhao, Yang Cao
Physical exercise increase is confirmed as a fundamental treatment for hypercholesterolemia patients, but the effect on the arterial stiffness and oxidative stress is still unclear. 74 hypercholesterolemia patients were divided into 2 groups. The exercise group received dietary recommendations and a 3-month exercise program, prescribed according to their first cardiopulmonary exercise tests(CPET), while the control group only received dietary recommendations. All patients underwent blood tests, CPET and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) studies at enrollment and at 3 months' follow-up...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678511/correlation-of-the-new-york-heart-association-classification-and-the-cardiopulmonary-exercise-test-a-systematic-review
#14
Fang Yi Lim, Jonathan Yap, Fei Gao, Ling Li Teo, Carolyn S P Lam, Khung Keong Yeo
AIMS: The New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification is frequently used in the management of heart failure but may be limited by patient and physician subjectivity. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) provides a potentially more objective measurement of functional status. We aim to study the correlation between NYHA classification and peak oxygen consumption (pVO2 ) on Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET) within and across published studies. METHODS AND RESULTS: A systematic literature review on all studies reporting both NYHA class and CPET data was performed, and pVO2 from CPET was correlated to reported NYHA class within and across eligible studies...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673350/is-daily-physical-activity-affected-by-dynamic-hyperinflation-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#15
Daniela Savi, Marcello Di Paolo, Nicholas J Simmonds, Chiara Pascucci, Serena Quattrucci, Paolo Palange
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between dynamic hyperinflation and daily physical activity (DPA) in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: Thirty-four clinically stable CF were studied. All patients undertook incremental cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). CPET-related measurements included: oxygen uptake (V'O2 ), carbon dioxide production (V'CO2 ), ventilatory profile, work rate (W), inspiratory capacity (IC), end-expiratory lung volume (EELV)...
April 19, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666705/the-role-of-moderate-aerobic-exercise-as-determined-by-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-als
#16
Anna Caroline Marques Braga, Anabela Pinto, Susana Pinto, Mamede de Carvalho
Introduction: The efficacy of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to determining exercise intensity has not been established in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). We studied this intervention. Methods: We included 48 ALS patients randomized in 2 groups: G1 ( n = 24), exercise intensity leveled by CPET; G2 ( n = 24), standard care limited by fatigue, during 6 months. ALS functional scale (ALSFRS-R) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were performed every 3 months; CPET was done at admission ( T 1) and 6 months later ( T 2)...
2018: Neurology Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609265/-relationships-between-percentage-of-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-elderly-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#17
Y P Wang, S H Yao, D Liu, T Shen, W Zhao, W Gao, S L Xu
Objective: To determine the relative percentage of skeletal muscle mass (SMM) in elderly patients with coronary heart disease, analyse the relationship between percentage of SMM and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), predict exercise capacity and cardiac reserve. Methods: Patients aged 65 years and over after PCI, receiving cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) during February 2014 to December 2016 in Department of Cardiology at Peking University Third Hospital were enrolled.All patients' basic data, percentage of SMM and CPET related parameters, including peak oxygen uptake (VO(2)peak), oxygen pulse (VO(2)/HR), oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) and other cardiorespiratory endurance indicators were collected, to do correlation analysis...
March 20, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601230/test-retest-reliability-validation-and-minimal-detectable-change-scores-for-frequently-reported-tests-of-objective-physical-function-in-patients-with-non-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Thomas J Wilkinson, Soteris Xenophontos, Douglas W Gould, Barbara P Vogt, João L Viana, Alice C Smith, Emma L Watson
Physical function is an important outcome in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We aimed to establish the reliability, validity, and the "minimal detectable change" (MDC) of several common tests used in renal rehabilitation and research. In a repeated measures design, 41 patients with CKD not requiring dialysis (stage 3b to 5) were assessed at an interval of 6 weeks. The tests were the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT), "sit-to-stand" (STS) test, estimated 1 repetition maximum for quadriceps strength (e1RM), and VO2peak by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET)...
March 30, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601082/cardiopulmonary-fitness-before-and-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-oesophagogastric-cancer
#19
M Navidi, A W Phillips, S M Griffin, K E Duffield, A Greystoke, K Sumpter, R C F Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy may have a detrimental impact on cardiorespiratory reserve. Determination of oxygen uptake at the anaerobic threshold by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) provides an objective measure of cardiorespiratory reserve. Anaerobic threshold can be used to predict perioperative risk. A low anaerobic threshold is associated with increased morbidity after oesophagogastrectomy. The aim of this study was to establish whether neoadjuvant chemotherapy has an adverse effect on fitness, and whether there is recovery of fitness before surgery for oesophageal and gastric adenocarcinoma...
March 30, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590255/use-of-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-to-assess-early-ventilatory-changes-related-to-occupational-particulate-matter
#20
T P Chao, E F Sperandio, T L V P Ostolin, V R Almeida, M Romiti, A R T Gagliardi, R L Arantes, V Z Dourado
Spirometry has been used as the main strategy for assessing ventilatory changes related to occupational exposure to particulate matter (OEPM). However, in some cases, as one of its limitations, it may not be sensitive enough to show abnormalities before extensive damage, as seen in restrictive lung diseases. Therefore, we hypothesized that cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) may be better than spirometry to detect early ventilatory impairment caused by OEPM. We selected 135 male workers with at least one year of exposure...
March 26, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
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