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Spinal anaesthesia hypotension

Miki Katzir, Svetlana Tov, Ayelet Eran, Gill E Sviri
Intracranial hypotension can be a complication of epidural anaesthesia. Pure clinical spinal hypotension manifesting as acute transient quadriplegia following epidural anaesthesia is a severe, life-threatening complication that have not been described before. This complication can be solved with an epidural blood patch; thus, it should be familiar to doctors across all specialities.
October 21, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Tonny Stone Luggya, Richard Nicholas Kabuye, Cephas Mijumbi, Joseph Bahe Tindimwebwa, Andrew Kintu
BACKGROUND: Surgery and anaesthesia cause shivering due to thermal dysregulation as a compensatory mechanism and is worsened by vasodilatation from spinal anaesthesia that redistributes core body heat. Due to paucity of data Mulago Hospital's post spinal shivering burden is unknown yet it causes discomfort and morbidity. METHODS: Ethical approval was obtained to perform the study among consenting mothers due for elective caesarean section from March to May 2011...
October 18, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Devender Kumar, Sarla Hooda, Shashi Kiran, Jyoti Devi
INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures are often encountered in the elderly and present special problems to the anaesthesiologist. Fascia iliaca compartment block is another technique with the intent to block all the three nerves like 3-in-1 nerve block. AIM: To evaluate the analgesic efficacy of ultrasound guided fascia iliaca compartment block to facilitate positioning of patients with hip fracture for spinal anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in 50 patients aged between 40-80 years, belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I-III undergoing surgery for hip fracture...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Lucy Mwaura, Vitalis Mung'ayi, Jimmie Kabugi, Samina Mir
BACKGROUND: Spinal anaesthesia is the standard of care for elective caesarean delivery. It has advantages over general anaesthesia. However the sympathetic blockade induced by spinal anaesthesia results in an 80 percent incidence of hypotension without prophylactic management. Current evidence supports co-loading with intravenous fluids in conjunction with the use of vasopressors as the most effective way to prevent and treat the hypotension. Phenylephrine is the accepted vasopressor of choice in the parturient...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
David G Bishop, Reitze N Rodseth, Robert A Dyer
Hypotension following obstetric spinal anaesthesia remains a common and important problem. While recent research advances have brought us closer to the perfect recipe for the obstetric spinal anaesthetic, these advances have not been translated into practical guidelines able to reduce the unacceptable number of fatalities that occur in environments where resources are limited. In South Africa, more than half of anaesthetic deaths are still related to spinal hypotension. A gap exists between the 'perfect recipe', developed from a clinical context rooted in resource-rich research environments, and its application and performance in real-world resource-poor environments - conditions experienced by more than 75% of the world's population...
September 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Tünay Kandemir, Erbin Kandemir, Tuğba Aşkın, Tülay Dal, Yeliz Kılıç, Süheyla Ünver
Revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an orthopaedic surgery that is known to be associated with excessive bleeding. The rates of mortality and morbidity are high in patients with massive haemorrhage. The patient in this study was administered blood products with high fresh frozen plasma/red blood cell (RBC) suspension ratio and high platelet/RBC suspension ratio without waiting for haemostasis test results. This study suggests that this approach might prove beneficial in reducing the incidence of intra- and postoperative complications...
February 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Pranjali Kurhekar, S Madan Kumar, D Sampath
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inrathecal opioids like morphine added to local anaesthetic agents have been found to be effective in achieving prolonged post-operative analgesia. Intrathecal dexmedetomidine may be devoid of undesirable side effects related to morphine and hence, this study was designed to evaluate analgesic efficacy, haemodynamic stability and adverse effects of both these adjuvants in patients undergoing gynaecological surgeries. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomised, double blind study involving 25 patients in each group...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Anje J Scarfe, Susanne Schuhmann-Hingel, Joanna K Duncan, Ning Ma, Yasoba N Atukorale, Alun L Cameron
A continuous paravertebral block is used when pain relief is required beyond the duration of a single-injection paravertebral block. Surgical procedures requiring an incision into the pleural cavity are some of the most painful procedures postoperatively and, if not managed appropriately, can lead to chronic pain. The current gold standard for post-cardiothoracic surgery pain management is epidural analgesia, which has contraindications, a failure rate of up to 12% and risk of complications such as epidural abscess and spinal haematoma...
May 30, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Vishal Uppal, Harsha Shanthanna, Christopher Prabhakar, Dolores M McKeen
INTRODUCTION: Bupivacaine is the most commonly used local anaesthetic for spinal anaesthesia (SA). There are two forms of commercially available bupivacaine; isobaric bupivacaine (IB): a formulation with a specific gravity or density equal to cerebrospinal fluid, and hyperbaric bupivacaine (HB): a formulation with density heavier than cerebrospinal fluid. The difference in densities of the two available preparations is believed to affect the diffusion pattern that determines the effectiveness, spread and side-effect profile of bupivacaine...
2016: BMJ Open
Shagufta Naaz, Jahanara Bandey, Erum Ozair, Adil Asghar
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine, a selective alpha2 adrenoceptor agonist, has been used as adjuvant to spinal anaesthesia. AIM: To find out the optimum dose of dexmedetomidine to be used in lower abdomen surgery intrathecally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled, double blinded study which included adult ASA I and II patients. They were allocated into five groups (n=20). Patients allergic to drugs to be used in the study and those with co-existing neurological disorders, coagulopathies, cardiac diseases, obesity and hypertension were excluded...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ajay Wahi, Amanjot K Singh, Kartik Syal, Ajay Sood, Jyoti Pathania
INTRODUCTION: Clonidine is an α2 agonist agent that has been used as an adjuvant to local anaesthetics in regional anaesthesia. AIM: This study compared two combinations of bupivacaine and clonidine with bupivacaine alone for surgeries below the level of umbilicus in spinal anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized double blind study on 90 patients of ASA I and ASA II aged 20-60 years, 30 in each group, undergoing surgery below the level of umbilicus in spinal anaesthesia...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Anna Ledakowicz-Polak, Jarosław Bartodziej, Agata Majos, Marzenna Zielińska
BACKGROUND: Stress- induced cardiomyopathy is acute, reversible left ventricle mainly apical dysfunction in patients with normal coronary angiography. Rarely it regards basal segments, therefore defined as "inverted stress- induced cardiomyopathy". While classic form mostly affects postmenopausal women, inverted variant occurs essentially in younger females, always triggered by stress. It can also develop after medical procedures and surgery. Herein we report such unique case of 36- year old woman after cesarean delivery...
2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
R Malhotra, C Johnstone, S Halpern, J Hunter, A Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Bupivacaine is a commonly used local anaesthetic for spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section, but may produce prolonged motor block, delaying discharge from the post-anaesthesia care unit. Ropivacaine may have a shorter time to recovery of motor function compared with bupivacaine. We performed a meta-analysis to assess the time difference in duration of motor block with intrathecal ropivacaine compared with bupivacaine for caesarean section. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases for randomised controlled trials comparing ropivacaine with bupivacaine in parturients undergoing elective caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia...
August 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
M Mohta, M Aggarwal, A K Sethi, P Harisinghani, K Guleria
BACKGROUND: Most studies comparing phenylephrine and ephedrine have been conducted during elective caesarean sections in healthy mothers with no fetal compromise. The effect of vasopressors on fetal outcome may differ between healthy and compromised fetuses. There has been little research into the effect of phenylephrine and ephedrine, when used for management of post-spinal hypotension in the presence of potential fetal compromise. METHODS: Healthy women with a singleton pregnancy undergoing emergency caesarean section for fetal compromise under spinal anaesthesia were studied...
August 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa, Ashish Kulshrestha
The use of laparoscopy has revolutionised the surgical field with its advantages of reduced morbidity with early recovery. Laparoscopic procedures have been traditionally performed under general anaesthesia (GA) due to the respiratory changes caused by pneumoperitoneum, which is an integral part of laparoscopy. The precise control of ventilation under controlled conditions in GA has proven it to be ideal for such procedures. However, recently the use of regional anaesthesia (RA) has emerged as an alternative choice for laparoscopy...
January 2016: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Joyce H Y Yeung, Simon Gates, Babu V Naidu, Matthew J A Wilson, Fang Gao Smith
BACKGROUND: Operations on structures in the chest (usually the lungs) involve cutting between the ribs (thoracotomy). Severe post-thoracotomy pain can result from pleural (lung lining) and muscular damage, costovertebral joint (ribcage) disruption and intercostal nerve (nerves that run along the ribs) damage during surgery. Poor pain relief after surgery can impede recovery and increase the risks of developing complications such as lung collapse, chest infections and blood clots due to ineffective breathing and clearing of secretions...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
P R Olang, D C Wamalwa, Omondi-Ogutu
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of neonatal acidaemia following delivery through caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia and determine the prevalence of maternal hypotension during Caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia and its correlation with neonatal acidaemia. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH), Nairobi, Kenya. SUBJECTS: One hundred and seventy-two ASA I and II consecutive term patients undergoing elective Caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia...
October 2012: East African Medical Journal
María Mercedes López, Emilia Guasch, Renato Schiraldi, Genaro Maggi, Eduardo Alonso, Fernando Gilsanz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Aortic stenosis increases perioperative morbidity and mortality, perioperative invasive monitoring is advised for patients with an aortic valve area <1.0 cm(2) or a mean aortic valve gradient >30 mmHg and it is important to avoid hypotension and arrhythmias. We report the anaesthetic management with continuous spinal anaesthesia and minimally invasive haemodynamic monitoring of two patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing surgical hip repair. CASE REPORT: Two women with severe aortic stenosis were scheduled for hip fracture repair...
January 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
J Tomanović Koković, N Radunovic, D Filimonović, L Nejković, L Arsenijević, L J Mirković, V Koković
This study investigated maternal hemodynamic influence on uteroplacental oxygen distribution and neonatal outcome during cesarean section (CS). CS was performed on 80 parturients using two anaesthetic techniques: spinal anaesthesia (SA) and general balanced anaesthesia (GBA). Indications for CS were exclusively obstetric related. Monitored maternal parameters were: ECG, heart rate (HR), non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP), saturation (SaO2). Gas parameters in umbilical artery, vein, and neonatal capillary blood were sampled...
2015: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
Krishan Yogesh Sawhney, Sandeep Kundra, Anju Grewal, Sunil Katyal, Gurdeep Singh, Ananjit Kaur
BACKGROUND: Continuous epidural infusion of Bupivacaine and Ropivacaine with or without the addition of Fentanyl has been evaluated by various researchers for effective postoperative pain relief. Studies however, depict significant variability in their results with regard to analgesic efficacy and adverse effects like hypotension, motor blockade etc. AIM: To comparatively evaluate postoperative analgesic efficacy, motor sparing effect, postoperative haemodynamic variations and total postoperative analgesic consumption in first 24 hours...
September 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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