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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336853/updated-guidelines-on-infection-prevention-in-pediatric-ambulatory-settings
#1
Deborah L McBride
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently released updated guidelines on infection control and prevention in pediatric outpatient settings. Key recommendations include mandatory influenza vaccination for all healthcare workers offered free to all staff, expanded guidance on infection control practices for children with cystic fibrosis, guidance on additional prevention procedures during community outbreaks of infectious diseases and recommendations on improving communication between healthcare facilities when referring potentially contagious patients...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290744/antimicrobial-stewardship-program-using-plan-do-study-act-cycles-to-reduce-unjustified-antibiotic-prescribing-in-children-admitted-with-an-asthma-exacerbation
#2
Sasha E Dorzin, Claudia Halaby, Maria Lyn Quintos, Asif Noor, Gladys El-Chaar
OBJECTIVE: Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) ensure appropriate antibiotic use, reduce health care costs, and minimize antibiotic resistance. National asthma guidelines do not recommend antibiotics during an exacerbation unless the child has an infection or comorbidities. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) established a benchmark for unjustified antibiotic use at 6.6%.9 A retrospective study at our institution showed that 7.8% of antibiotics were prescribed without justification in children admitted for asthma...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240547/implementing-cdc-s-level-of-care-assessment-tool-locate-a-national-collaboration-to-improve-maternal-and-child-health
#3
Andrea Catalano, Amanda Bennett, Ashley Busacker, Alethia Carr, David Goodman, Charlan Kroelinger, Ekwutosi Okoroh, Mary Brantley, Wanda Barfield
Perinatal regionalization, or risk-appropriate care, is an approach that classifies facilities based on capabilities to ensure women and infants receive care at a facility that aligns with their risk. The CDC designed the Levels of Care Assessment Tool (LOCATe) to assist jurisdictions working in risk-appropriate care in assessing a facility's level of maternal and neonatal care aligned with the most current American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists/Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (ACOG/SMFM) and American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines...
December 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223665/guidelines-and-checklists-for-short-term-missions-in-global-pediatric-surgery-recommendations-from-the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-delivery-of-surgical-care-global-health-subcommittee-american-pediatric-surgical-association-global-pediatric-surgery-committee
#4
REVIEW
Marilyn Butler, Elizabeth Drum, Faye M Evans, Tamara Fitzgerald, Jason Fraser, Ai-Xuan Holterman, Howard Jen, J Matthew Kynes, Jenny Kreiss, Craig D McClain, Mark Newton, Benedict Nwomeh, James O'Neill, Doruk Ozgediz, George Politis, Henry Rice, David Rothstein, Julie Sanchez, Mark Singleton, Francine S Yudkowitz
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric surgeons, anesthesia providers, and nurses from North America and other high-income countries (HICs) are increasingly engaged in resource-limited areas, with short-term missions (STMs) as the most common form of involvement. However, consensus recommendations currently do not exist for STMs in pediatric general surgery and associated perioperative care. METHODS: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Delivery of Surgical Care Subcommittee and American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) Global Pediatric Surgery Committee, with the American Pediatric Surgical Nurses Association, Inc...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208508/scientific-evidence-on-the-links-between-periodontal-diseases-and-diabetes-consensus-report-and-guidelines-of-the-joint-workshop-on-periodontal-diseases-and-by-the-international-diabetes-federation-and-the-european-federation-of-periodontology
#5
Mariano Sanz, Antonio Ceriello, Martin Buysschaert, Iain Chapple, Ryan T Demmer, Filippo Graziani, David Herrera, Søren Jepsen, Luca Lione, Phoebus Madianos, Manu Mathur, Eduard Montanya, Lior Shapira, Maurizio Tonetti, Daniel Vegh
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and periodontitis are chronic non-communicable diseases independently associated with mortality and have a bidirectional relationship. AIMS: To update the evidence for their epidemiological and mechanistic associations and re-examine the impact of effective periodontal therapy upon metabolic control (glycated haemoglobin, HbA1C). EPIDEMIOLOGY: There is strong evidence that people with periodontitis have elevated risk for dysglycaemia and insulin resistance...
December 2, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198616/incidence-of-hypoglycemia-in-newborns-at-risk-and-an-audit-of-the-2011-american-academy-of-pediatrics-guideline-for-hypoglycemia
#6
Nihan Hilal Hosagasi, Mustafa Aydin, Aysegul Zenciroglu, Nuran Ustun, Serdar Beken
BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemia is low blood glucose level that may negatively affect neurological and developmental prognosis. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), Committee on Fetus and Newborn defined the safe glucose concentrations in the 2011 guideline for newborns at risk for hypoglycemia. This study aimed to investigate the incidence and associated risk factors for hypoglycemia in newborn infants having risk and to assess compliance with the AAP guideline. METHODS: According to 2011 AAP guideline for hypoglycemia, the newborns at risk for hypoglycemia included in this study were divided to four groups [infant of diabetic mother (IDM), large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants, and late preterm infants (LPI)]...
November 15, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176102/quality-health-care-for-homeless-children-achieving-the-aap-recommendations-for-care-of-homeless-children-and-youth
#7
Avik Chatterjee, Marvin So, Spencer Dunleavy, Emily Oken
BACKGROUND: We assessed whether and how health care organizations serving homeless pediatric patients meet recommendations issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). METHODS: We conducted a web-based survey of Health Care for the Homeless (HCH) Program grantees serving children. RESULTS: Of 169 grantees, 77 (46%) responded. All organizations reported connecting patients to specialty services. Nearly all reported screening for homelessness (90%), facilitating Medicaid enrollment (90%), connecting patients to benefits (94%), addressing underlying causes of homelessness (83%), assisting with transportation (83%), and knowing about the causes of homelessness (76%)...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129740/survey-on-neonatal-end-of-life-comfort-care-guidelines-across-america
#8
Shelly Haug, Sara Farooqi, Christopher G Wilson, Andrew Hopper, Grace Oei, Brian Carter
CONTEXT: Infants of age < 1 year have the highest mortality rate in pediatrics. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published guidelines for palliative care in 2013, however, significant variation persists among local protocols addressing neonatal comfort care at the end-of-life (EOL). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate current neonatal EOL comfort care practices and clinician satisfaction across America METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval (516005), an anonymous, electronic survey was sent to members of the AAP Section on Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091978/sustainability-in-the-aap-bronchiolitis-quality-improvement-project
#9
Kristin A Shadman, Shawn L Ralston, Matthew D Garber, Jens Eickhoff, Grant M Mussman, Susan C Walley, Elizabeth Rice-Conboy, Ryan J Coller
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) bronchiolitis clinical practice guideline recommendations improved significantly through the AAP's multiinstitutional collaborative, the Bronchiolitis Quality Improvement Project (BQIP). We assessed sustainability of improvements at participating institutions for 1 year following completion of the collaborative. METHODS: Twenty-one multidisciplinary hospital-based teams provided monthly data for key inpatient bronchiolitis measures during baseline and intervention bronchiolitis seasons...
November 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057817/unresolved-issues-for-utilization-of-atypical-antipsychotics-in-schizophrenia-antipsychotic-polypharmacy-and-metabolic-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
Sang Won Jeon, Yong-Ku Kim
Atypical antipsychotics (AAP) are the prevailing form of schizophrenia treatment today due to their low side effects and superior efficacy. Nevertheless, some issues still need to be addressed. First, there are still a large number of patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS), which has led to a growing trend to resort to AAP polypharmacy with few side effects. Most clinical treatment guidelines recommend clozapine monotherapy in TRS, but around one third of schizophrenic patients fail to respond to clozapine...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056300/screening-children-at-risk-for-retinoblastoma-consensus-report-from-the-american-association-of-ophthalmic-oncologists-and-pathologists
#11
Alison H Skalet, Dan S Gombos, Brenda L Gallie, Jonathan W Kim, Carol L Shields, Brian P Marr, Sharon E Plon, Patricia Chévez-Barrios
PURPOSE: To provide a set of surveillance guidelines for children at risk for development of retinoblastoma. DESIGN: Consensus panel. PARTICIPANTS: Expert panel of ophthalmic oncologists, pathologists, and geneticists. METHODS: A group of members of the American Association of Ophthalmic Oncologists and Pathologists (AAOOP) with support of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) was convened...
October 18, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035421/updated-guideline-may-improve-the-recognition-and-diagnosis-of-hypertension-in-children-and-adolescents-review-of-the-2017-aap-blood-pressure-clinical-practice-guideline
#12
REVIEW
Janis M Dionne
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypertension in children and adolescents is under-recognized and under-diagnosed in clinical practice. The 2017 AAP Clinical Practice Guideline for Screening and Management of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents provides updated recommendations that may improve hypertension identification and management. RECENT FINDINGS: The AAP blood pressure guideline recommends annual screening for hypertension in children at preventive care visits and targeted routine screening in high-risk populations...
October 16, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986090/urinary-tract-infection-in-children-diagnosis-treatment-imaging-comparison-of-current-guidelines
#13
REVIEW
M Okarska-Napierała, A Wasilewska, E Kuchar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a frequent disorder of childhood, yet the proper approach for a child with UTI is still a matter of controversy. The objective of this study was to critically compare current guidelines for the diagnosis and management of UTI in children, in light of new scientific data. METHODS: An analysis was performed of the guidelines from: American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), Italian Society of Pediatric Nephrology, Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS), Polish Society of Pediatric Nephrology, and European Association of Urology (EAU)/European Society for Pediatric Urology (ESPU)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967333/american-academy-of-periodontology-best-evidence-consensus-statement-on-selected-oral-applications-for-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#14
George A Mandelaris, E Todd Scheyer, Marianna Evans, David Kim, Bradley McAllister, Marc L Nevins, Hector F Rios, David Sarment
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) recently embarked on a Best Evidence Consensus (BEC) model of scientific inquiry to address questions of clinical importance in periodontology for which there is insufficient evidence to arrive at a definitive conclusion. This review addresses oral indications for use of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: To develop the BEC, the AAP convened a panel of experts with knowledge of CBCT and substantial experience in applying CBCT to a broad range of clinical scenarios that involve critical structures in the oral cavity...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952376/parental-knowledge-of-aap-juice-guidelines-is-associated-with-parent-and-children-s-consumption-of-juice-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-an-underserved-population
#15
Christine SanGiovanni, Robert Fallar, Robert Green, Leora Mogilner
This study tested whether parental knowledge of the American Academy of Pediatrics' (AAP) recommendations on juice limits for children is associated with decreased consumption of juice and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) among parents and children. Fifty-two parents with children 2 to 12 years old in a resident continuity clinic in East Harlem, New York, completed a survey asking about children's and parent's practice and quantitative consumption of juice and SSBs as well as parental knowledge of the AAP recommendations on juice limits...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941917/national-trends-in-the-management-of-primary-vesicoureteral-reflux-in-children
#16
Michael Garcia-Roig, Curtis Travers, Courtney E McCracken, Andrew J Kirsch
PURPOSE: In September 2011 the AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics) released updated guidelines for the evaluation of children 2 to 24 months old with a febrile urinary tract infection. We documented the impact of the guideline on diagnosis and surgical management of vesicoureteral reflux at U.S. children's hospitals. We hypothesized that voiding cystourethrogram studies and the vesicoureteral reflux treatment rate decreased concurrent with the national guideline release. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pediatric Health Information System was queried for children (younger than 18 years) with primary vesicoureteral reflux and their antireflux surgical history from January 2004 to June 2015...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868896/stock-photographs-do-not-comply-with-infant-safe-sleep-guidelines
#17
Michael H Goodstein, Elena Lagon, Theodore Bell, Brandi L Joyner, Rachel Y Moon
We evaluated images in popular stock photography websites for adherence with American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines for safe infant sleep practices. Three top stock photo websites were used to collect photographs generated from key phrases. All images depicting an infant sleep environment were analyzed for consistency with AAP guidelines. Descriptive statistics, chi-square and z test of proportions, were conducted. A total of 1233 of 1947 stock photographs showed sleeping infants on a flat surface...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866466/impact-of-clinical-guidelines-on-voiding-cystourethrogram-utilization-and-vesicoureteral-reflux-incidence
#18
Ted Lee, Chandy Ellimoottil, Kathryn A Marchetti, Tanima Banerjee, Vesna Ivančić, Kate H Kraft, David A Bloom, John M Park, Julian Wan
BACKGROUND: To prevent overdiagnosis and overtreatment of vesicoureteral reflux, the 2007 British National Institution of Clinical Excellence (NICE) and 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines both recommended against routine voiding cystourethrogram in children presenting with first febrile urinary tract infections. The impact of these guidelines on clinical practice is unknown. METHODS: Using an administrative claims database (Cliniformatics(TM) Data Mart), children with voiding cystourethrogram or diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux between 2001 and 2015 were identified...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841573/pediatric-providers-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-concussion-diagnosis-and-management
#19
Khalida Itriyeva, Ronald Feinstein, Linda Carmine
Background Concussions, a form of mild traumatic brain injury, are a current "hot topic" in sports and medicine, with current research focusing on diagnosis, treatment, and the long-term effects of repeated concussions on development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Concussions represent 8.9% of all high school athletic injuries, and pediatricians see many of these patients in their practices, however evolving guidelines and recommendations have resulted in varying practices among providers. Objective To assess how local pediatricians in New York Chapter 2 of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) diagnose and treat concussion patients, and to evaluate the need for continuing education in this area...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694707/did-the-2011-aap-recommendations-on-youth-hiv-testing-change-practice-trends-from-a-large-urban-adolescent-program
#20
Sujatha Seetharaman, Cathryn L Samples, Maria Trent
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is adherence to the October 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations for HIV screening in a large urban adolescent program with availability of a publicly funded program providing free, confidential, sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV counseling and testing (then rapid or third generation HIV testing), nested in the same adolescent clinic. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of HIV screening trends among 13- to 24-year-old patients tested for HIV during periods of January 2010 to June 2011 (18 months pre-AAP recommendations period) and July 2011 to December 2012 (18-month period, which included 15 months after the AAP recommendations)...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
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