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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994112/safe-sleep-guideline-adherence-in-nationwide-marketing-of-infant-cribs-and-products
#1
Matthew Kreth, Tammy Shikany, Claire Lenker, R Bradley Troxler
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome and sleep-related sudden unexpected infant death remain leading causes of infant mortality in the United States despite 4 safe sleep guideline restatements over the previous 24 years. Advertising and retail crib displays often promote infant sleep environments that are counter to the most recent American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines. METHODS: Magazine advertisements featuring sleep in parenting magazines from 1992, 2010, and 2015 were reviewed for adherence...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965776/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-the-implementation-of-guidelines-and-a-support-tool-for-asthma-management-in-primary-care
#2
Kim Watkins, Colleen Fisher, Jila Misaghian, Carl R Schneider, Rhonda Clifford
BACKGROUND: Asthma management in Australia is suboptimal. The "Guidelines for provision of a Pharmacist Only medicine: short acting beta agonists" (SABA guidelines) and a novel West Australian "Asthma Action Plan card" (AAP card) were concurrently developed to improve asthma management. The aim of this qualitative research was to evaluate the collaborative, multidisciplinary and multifaceted implementation of these asthma resources and identify the lessons learnt to inform future initiatives...
2016: Asthma research and practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940792/establishing-a-standard-protocol-for-the-voiding-cystourethrography
#3
Dominic Frimberger, Maria-Gisela Mercado-Deane
The voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) is a frequently performed test to diagnose a variety of urologic conditions, such as vesicoureteral reflux. The test results determine whether continued observation or an interventional procedure is indicated. VCUGs are ordered by many specialists and primary care providers, including pediatricians, family practitioners, nephrologists, hospitalists, emergency department physicians, and urologists. Current protocols for performing and interpreting a VCUG are based on the International Reflux Study in 1985...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940735/reaffirmation-of-aap-clinical-practice-guideline-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-the-initial-urinary-tract-infection-in-febrile-infants-and-young-children-2-24-months-of-age
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940706/preschool-adhd-diagnosis-and-stimulant-use-before-and-after-the-2011-aap-practice-guideline
#5
Alexander G Fiks, Michelle E Ross, Stephanie L Mayne, Lihai Song, Weiwei Liu, Jennifer Steffes, Banita McCarn, Robert W Grundmeier, A Russell Localio, Richard Wasserman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the change in the diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and prescribing of stimulants to children 4 to 5 years old after release of the 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics guideline. METHODS: Electronic health record data were extracted from 63 primary care practices. We included preventive visits from children 48 to 72 months old receiving care from January 2008 to July 2014. We compared rates of ADHD diagnosis and stimulant prescribing before and after guideline release using logistic regression with a spline and clustering by practice...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939178/establishing-a-standard-protocol-for-the-voiding-cystourethrography
#6
Dominic Frimberger, Stuart B Bauer, Mark P Cain, Saul P Greenfield, Andrew J Kirsch, Faridali Ramji, Maria-Gisela Mercado-Deane, Christoper S Cooper
The voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) is a frequently performed test to diagnose a variety of urologic conditions, such as vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). The test results determine whether continued observation or an interventional procedure is indicated. VCUGs are ordered by many specialists and primary care providers, including pediatricians, family practitioners, nephrologists, hospitalists, emergency room physicians, and urologists. Current protocols for performing and interpreting a VCUG are based on the International Reflux Study in 1985...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926583/evaluation-of-the-financial-and-health-burden-of-infants-at-risk-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus
#7
Stephanie McCallum Blake, David Tanaka, Lisa M Bendz, Suzanne Staebler, Debra Brandon
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading viral cause of death in infants younger than 1 year. In July 2014, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee on Infectious Diseases concluded that the "limited clinical benefit" for infants born at more than 29 weeks' gestation, together with the associated high cost of the immunoprophylaxis, no longer supported the routine use of palivizumab (Synagis). PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of the newly adopted AAP palivizumab prophylaxis administration on health and subsequent hospital costs of infants born between 29 and less than 32 weeks' gestation...
December 6, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898422/national-evidence-in-israel-supporting-reevaluation-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-prophylactic-guidelines
#8
Itai Gross, Yael Siedner-Weintraub, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Benjamin Bar-Oz, Smadar Eventov-Friedman
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently narrowed the indications for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prophylaxis, while in Israel the guidelines have not changed. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence and severity of RSV infection among preterm infants born earlier than 340/7 weeks of gestation (PI), late preterm infants born at 340/7-366/7 weeks (LPTI), and term infants born after 370/7 weeks of gestation (TI) and to determine whether the results support a change in local policy...
November 30, 2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806978/new-body-composition-reference-charts-for-preterm-infants
#9
Ellen W Demerath, William Johnson, Bridget A Davern, Christina G Anderson, Jeffrey S Shenberger, Sonya Misra, Sara E Ramel
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has recommended that nutritional management of the preterm infant should aim to achieve body composition that replicates the in utero fetus, but intrauterine body composition reference charts for preterm infants are lacking. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to create body composition reference curves for preterm infants that approximate the body composition of the in utero fetus from 30 to 36 wk of gestation. DESIGN: A total of 223 ethnically diverse infants born at 30 + 0 to 36 + 6 wk of gestation were enrolled...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805923/immunization-status-of-nicu-graduates-at-a-tertiary-care-children-s-hospital
#10
Janelle L B Macintosh, Leslie J Huggins, Lacey M Eden, Katreena Collette Merrill, Karlen E Beth Luthy
BACKGROUND: Approximately 500,000 infants are born prematurely each year in the United States. Immunization of infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) set a precedence for future immunizations. PURPOSES: The objectives of this study were to determine the current rates of immunization and identify variables associated with immunizations of NICU graduates who were aged 60 days or older at time of discharge. METHODS: This descriptive pilot study utilized retrospective paper medical record review in one tertiary children's hospital...
November 1, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768014/time-spent-in-sedentary-activities-in-a-pediatric-population-in-pretoria-central-south-africa
#11
Daniel T Goon, Constance A Nsibambi, Milton Chebet
BACKGROUND: Scant information exist on screen time behavior of South Africa children and whether they do not meet the recommendation of American Association of Pediatrics (AAP) concerning screen time activity for children is only speculative. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the time spent in sedentary activities, especially screen time of South African children with regard to gender. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved a random sample of 1136 school children (548 boys; 588 girls) aged 9-13 years attending public schools in Central Pretoria, South Africa...
December 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713802/the-role-of-voiding-cystourethrography-in-the-investigation-of-children-with-urinary-tract-infections
#12
REVIEW
Linda C Lee, Armando J Lorenzo, Martin A Koyle
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) represent a common bacterial cause of febrile illness in children. Of children presenting with a febrile UTI, 25-40% are found to have vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Historically, the concern regarding VUR was that it could lead to recurrent pyelonephritis, renal scarring, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease. As a result, many children underwent invasive surgical procedures to correct VUR. We now know that many cases of VUR are low-grade and have a high rate of spontaneous resolution...
May 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698673/suboptimal-clinical-documentation-in-young-children-with-severe-obesity-at-tertiary-care-centers
#13
Cassandra C Brady, Vidhu V Thaker, Todd Lingren, Jessica G Woo, Stephanie S Kennebeck, Bahram Namjou-Khales, Ashton Roach, Jonathan P Bickel, Nandan Patibandla, Guergana K Savova, Imre Solti, Ingrid A Holm, John B Harley, Isaac S Kohane, Nancy A Crimmins
Background and Objectives. The prevalence of severe obesity in children has doubled in the past decade. The objective of this study is to identify the clinical documentation of obesity in young children with a BMI ā‰„ 99th percentile at two large tertiary care pediatric hospitals. Methods. We used a standardized algorithm utilizing data from electronic health records to identify children with severe early onset obesity (BMI ā‰„ 99th percentile at age <6 years). We extracted descriptive terms and ICD-9 codes to evaluate documentation of obesity at Boston Children's Hospital and Cincinnati Children's Hospital and Medical Center between 2007 and 2014...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659962/-same-room-safe-place-the-need-for-professional-safe-sleep-unity-grows-at-the-expense-of-families
#14
Nikki Keene Woods
There are many different professional stances on safe sleep and then there is the reality of caring for a newborn. There is a debate among professionals regarding safe sleep recommendations. The continum of recommendations vary from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Safe Sleep Guidelines to the bed-sharing recommendations from the Mother-Baby Behavioral Sleep Laboratory. The lack of consistent and uniform safe sleep recommendations from health professionals has been confusing for families but has more recently raised a real professional ethical dilemma...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633614/home-and-neighborhood-environment-predictors-of-adolescents-screen-viewing
#15
Anastasia Bounova, Maria Michalopoulou, Nikolaos Agelousis, Thomas Kourtessis, Vassilis Gourgoulis
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, the majority of adolescents exceed the AAP guidelines for screen use and this is likely to be a risk factor for obesity. The present study aims at investigating adolescent screen viewing in the context of home and neighborhood environment. METHODS: A sample of 1141 adolescents as well as their parents participated in this survey. Adolescents were asked to complete a questionnaire about time spent on screen viewing behaviors. Respectively, parents completed a questionnaire concerning environmental predictors...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593475/contemporary-practice-patterns-of-voiding-cystourethrography-use-at-a-large-tertiary-care-center-in-a-single-payer-health-care-system
#16
Linda C Lee, Armando J Lorenzo, Rakan Odeh, Michelle Falkiner, Dawn-Ann Lebarron, Jeffrey Traubici, Erika Mann, Paul R Bowlin, Martin A Koyle
PURPOSE: Voiding cystourethrogram involves radiation exposure and is invasive. Several guidelines, including the 2011 AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics) guidelines, no longer recommend routine voiding cystourethrogram after the initial urinary tract infection in children. The recent trend in voiding cystourethrogram use remains largely unknown. We examined practice patterns of voiding cystourethrogram use and explored the impact of these guidelines in a single payer system in the past 8 years...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422147/restrictive-palivizumab-use-does-not-lead-to-increased-morbidity-and-mortality-in-pediatric-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-patients
#17
Ashley Teusink-Cross, Stella M Davies, Lara Danziger-Isakov, Javier El-Bietar, Michael S Grimley
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common cause of infection in immunocompromised patients and can lead to significant morbidity and mortality in pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients and patients with a primary immune deficiency (PID). Palivizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that targets the F glycoprotein on the surface of the RSV virus, preventing RSV replication. Palivizumab was initially licensed for the prevention of RSV infections in children at high risk of severe disease...
October 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387744/dietary-and-economic-effects-of-eliminating-shortfall-in-fruit-intake-on-nutrient-intakes-and-diet-cost
#18
Colin D Rehm, Adam Drewnowski
BACKGROUND: Children in the United States do not consume the recommended amounts of fruit. The economic and dietary consequences of meeting the shortfall in fruit consumption have not been evaluated. METHODS: Analyses were based on a nationally representative sample of 4-18 year-old children (nā€‰=ā€‰2,647) from the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The shortfall in total fruit consumption for each child was estimated based on the USDA MyPlate recommendations...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363237/vitamin-d-in-health-and-disease-in-adolescents-when-to-screen-whom-to-treat-and-how-to-treat
#19
REVIEW
Neville H Golden, Dennis E Carey
The existing guidelines on screening and treatment are confusing because different guidelines target different populations. The IOM and AAP guidelines target generally healthy populations, whereas the Endocrine Society and other subspecialty guidelines target individuals with specific medical conditions associated with increased bone fragility. These distinctions have not always been well articulated. For healthy adolescents, the AAP does not recommend universal screening or screening of obese or dark-skinned individuals...
2016: Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260508/adherence-to-symptom-based-care-guidelines-for-down-syndrome
#20
Stephanie L Santoro, Han Yin, Robert J Hopkin
To assess adherence to symptom-based studies recommended in the health supervision guidelines for Down syndrome from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), 24 pediatric care sites participated in retrospective chart review. Symptom-based screening and 4 associated recommendations, including cervical spine radiograph, video swallow study, celiac study with tissue transglutaminase and sleep study were analyzed by reviewing well-child visit notes of 264 children with Down syndrome. Given trends toward symptom-based screens, Pearson's chi-square test and Fisher's exact test were used to determine the association between symptom presence and receiving corresponding symptom-based screens...
June 2, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
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