keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peroxisome proliferator

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456675/correlation-between-ppar-%C3%AE-methylation-level-in-peripheral-blood-and-atherosclerosis-of-nafld-patients-with-dm
#1
Jianghua Ju, Qingxian Huang, Jing Sun, Xiaoyun Zhao, Xiuli Guo, Yongcheng Jin, Wenjie Ma, Wenhui Wang
We investigated the correlation between the methylation levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPAR-α) in the peripheral blood and atherosclerosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with diabetes mellitus (DM). A total of 50 normal subjects (group N) and 50 NAFLD patients with DM (group M) were selected at Qilu Hospital of Shandong University. The levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in groups N and M were detected...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455954/the-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-is-dispensable-for-cold-induced-adipose-tissue-browning-in-mice
#2
Merel Defour, Wieneke Dijk, Philip Ruppert, Emmani B M Nascimento, Patrick Schrauwen, Sander Kersten
OBJECTIVE: Chronic cold exposure causes white adipose tissue (WAT) to adopt features of brown adipose tissue (BAT), a process known as browning. Previous studies have hinted at a possible role for the transcription factor Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor alpha (PPARα) in cold-induced browning. Here we aimed to investigate the importance of PPARα in driving transcriptional changes during cold-induced browning in mice. METHODS: Male wildtype and PPARα-/- mice were housed at thermoneutrality (28 °C) or cold (5 °C) for 10 days...
February 9, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454996/apo-10-lycopenoic-acid-inhibits-cancer-cell-migration-and-angiogenesis-and-induces-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE
#3
Junrui Cheng, Benchun Miao, Kang-Quan Hu, Xueyan Fu, Xiang-Dong Wang
SCOPE: We have previously shown that apo-10'-lycopenoic acid (ALA), a derivative of lycopene through cleavage by carotene-9',10'-oxygenase, inhibits tumor progression and metastasis in both liver and lung cancer animal models. The underlying mechanism remains unknown. We hypothesized that ALA inhibits cancer cell motility and angiogenesis by up-regulating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) which is involved in controlling angiogenesis, tumor progression and metastasis...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454501/postoperative-inflammation-and-insulin-resistance-in-relation-to-body-composition-adiposity-and-carbohydrate-treatment-a-randomised-controlled-study
#4
Nilanjana Tewari, Sherif Awad, František Duška, Julian P Williams, Andrew Bennett, Ian A Macdonald, Dileep N Lobo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aims of this study were to identify whether differences in distribution of adipose tissue and skeletal muscle in obese and non-obese individuals contribute to the magnitude of the postoperative inflammatory response and insulin resistance, with and without preoperative treatment with carbohydrate drinks. METHODS: Thirty-two adults (16 obese/16 non-obese) undergoing elective major open abdominal surgery participated in this 2 × 2 factorial, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453775/effect-of-pparg-on-ages-induced-akt-mtor-signaling-associated-human-chondrocytes-autophagy
#5
Zhao-Jun Wang, Hai-Bin Zhang, Cheng Chen, Hao Huang, Jian-Xia Liang
Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in articular cartilage is thought to represent a major risk factor for osteoarthritis development. In this study we aimed to probe the role of AGEs in human chondrocytes and to determine the impact of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARG) on AGEs-induced cell autophagy. Cell viability was measured after human chondrocytes were treated with different concentrations of AGEs with or without the PPARG inhibitor, T0070907, or agonist, pioglitazone...
February 17, 2018: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453696/interrelationship-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-heart-failure-the-role-of-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptors-in-left-ventricle-performance
#6
REVIEW
Evangelos Oikonomou, Konstantinos Mourouzis, Petros Fountoulakis, Georgios Angelos Papamikroulis, Gerasimos Siasos, Alexis Antonopoulos, Georgia Vogiatzi, Sotiris Tsalamadris, Manolis Vavuranakis, Dimitris Tousoulis
Heart failure (HF) is a common cardiac syndrome, whose pathophysiology involves complex mechanisms, some of which remain unknown. Diabetes mellitus (DM) constitutes not only a glucose metabolic disorder accompanied by insulin resistance but also a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and HF. During the last years though emerging data set up, a bidirectional interrelationship between these two entities. In the case of DM impaired calcium homeostasis, free fatty acid metabolism, redox state, and advance glycation end products may accelerate cardiac dysfunction...
February 17, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453570/molecular-mechanisms-and-signaling-pathways-involved-in-the-nutritional-support-of-spermatogenesis-by-sertoli-cells
#7
Luís Crisóstomo, Marco G Alves, Agostina Gorga, Mário Sousa, María F Riera, María N Galardo, Silvina B Meroni, Pedro F Oliveira
Sertoli cells play a central role in spermatogenesis. They maintain the blood-testis barrier, an essential feature of seminiferous tubules which creates the proper environment for the occurrence of the spermatogenesis. However, this confinement renders germ cells almost exclusively dependent on Sertoli cells' nursing function and support. Throughout spermatogenesis, differentiating sperm cells become more specialized, and their biochemical machinery is insufficient to meet their metabolic demands. Although the needs are not the same at all differentiation stages, Sertoli cells are able to satisfy their needs...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450204/ppars-key-regulators-of-airway-inflammation-and-potential-therapeutic-targets-in-asthma
#8
Asoka Banno, Aravind T Reddy, Sowmya P Lakshmi, Raju C Reddy
Asthma affects approximately 300 million people worldwide, significantly impacting quality of life and healthcare costs. While current therapies are effective in controlling many patients' symptoms, a large number continue to experience exacerbations or treatment-related adverse effects. Alternative therapies are thus urgently needed. Accumulating evidence has shown that the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) family of nuclear hormone receptors, comprising PPARα, PPARβ/δ, and PPARγ, is involved in asthma pathogenesis and that ligand-induced activation of these receptors suppresses asthma pathology...
2018: Nuclear Receptor Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449830/screening-for-ppar-non-agonist-ligands-followed-by-characterization-of-a-hit-am-879-with-additional-no-adipogenic-and-cdk5-mediated-phosphorylation-inhibition-properties
#9
Helder Veras Ribeiro Filho, Natália Bernardi Videira, Aline Villanova Bridi, Thais Helena Tittanegro, Fernanda Aparecida Helena Batista, José Geraldo de Carvalho Pereira, Paulo Sérgio Lopes de Oliveira, Marcio Chaim Bajgelman, Albane Le Maire, Ana Carolina Migliorini Figueira
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a member of a nuclear receptor superfamily and acts as a ligand-dependent transcription factor, playing key roles in maintenance of adipose tissue and in regulation of glucose and lipid homeostasis. This receptor is the target of thiazolidinediones, a class of antidiabetic drugs, which improve insulin sensitization and regulate glycemia in type 2 diabetes. Despite the beneficial effects of drugs, such as rosiglitazone and pioglitazone, their use is associated with several side effects, including weight gain, heart failure, and liver disease, since these drugs induce full activation of the receptor...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449563/cinacalcet-mediated-activation-of-the-camkk%C3%AE-lkb1-ampk-pathway-attenuates-diabetic-nephropathy-in-db-db-mice-by-modulation-of-apoptosis-and-autophagy
#10
Ji Hee Lim, Hyung Wook Kim, Min Young Kim, Tae Woo Kim, Eun Nim Kim, Yaeni Kim, Sungjin Chung, Young Soo Kim, Bum Soon Choi, Yong-Soo Kim, Yoon Sik Chang, Hye Won Kim, Cheol Whee Park
Apoptosis and autophagy are harmoniously regulated biological processes for maintaining tissue homeostasis. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) functions as a metabolic sensor to coordinate cellular survival and function in various organs, including the kidney. We investigated the renoprotective effects of cinacalcet in high-glucose treated human glomerular endothelial cells (HGECs), murine podocytes and C57BLKS/J-db/db mice. In cultured HGECs and podocytes, cinacalcet decreased oxidative stress and apoptosis and increased autophagy that were attributed to the increment of intracellular Ca2+ concentration and the phosphorylation of Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinaseβ (CaMKKβ)-Liver kinase B1 (LKB1)-AMPK and their downstream signals including the phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and increases in superoxide dismutases and B cell leukemia/lymphoma 2/BCL-2-associated X protein expression...
February 15, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449364/diabetic-cardiomyopathy-an-update-of-mechanisms-contributing-to-this-clinical-entity
#11
REVIEW
Guanghong Jia, Michael A Hill, James R Sowers
Heart failure and related morbidity and mortality are increasing at an alarming rate, in large part, because of increases in aging, obesity, and diabetes mellitus. The clinical outcomes associated with heart failure are considerably worse for patients with diabetes mellitus than for those without diabetes mellitus. In people with diabetes mellitus, the presence of myocardial dysfunction in the absence of overt clinical coronary artery disease, valvular disease, and other conventional cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension and dyslipidemia, has led to the descriptive terminology, diabetic cardiomyopathy...
February 16, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448959/impaired-t-cell-mediated-hepatitis-in-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-alpha-ppar%C3%AE-deficient-mice
#12
Ian N Hines, Michael Kremer, Sherri M Moore, Michael D Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha (PPARα), a regulator of enzymes involved in β oxidation, has been reported to influence lymphocyte activation. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PPARα plays a role in T cell-mediated hepatitis induced by Concanavalin A (ConA). METHODS: Wild type (wt) or PPARα-deficient (PPARα -/- ) mice were treated with ConA (15 mg/kg) by intravenous injection 0, 10 or 24 h prior to sacrifice and serum and tissue collection for analysis of tissue injury, cytokine response, T cell activation and characterization...
February 15, 2018: Biological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447191/euglena-extract-suppresses-adipocyte-differentiation-in-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#13
Ryota Sugimoto, Naoko Ishibashi-Ohgo, Kohei Atsuji, Yuko Miwa, Osamu Iwata, Ayaka Nakashima, Kengo Suzuki
Euglena gracilis Z (Euglena) is a unicellular, photosynthesizing, microscopic green alga. It contains several nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and unsaturated fatty acids. In this study, to verify the potential role of Euglena consumption on human health and obesity, we evaluated the effect of Euglena on human adipose-derived stem cells. We prepared a Euglena extract and evaluated its effect on cell growth and lipid accumulation, and found that cell growth was promoted by the addition of the Euglena extract...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446942/design-synthesis-and-evaluation-of-a-novel-series-of-indole-sulfonamide-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptors-ppar-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-triple-activators-discovery-of-lanifibranor-a-new-anti-fibrotic-clinical-candidate
#14
Benaissa Boubia, Olivia Poupardin, Martine Barth, Jean Binet, Philippe Peralba, Laurent Mounier, Elise Jacquier, Emilie Gauthier, Valerie Lepais, Maryline Chatar, Stephanie Ferry, Anne Thourigny, Fabrice Guillier, Jonathan Llacer, Jerome Amaudrut, Pierre Dodey, Olivier Lacombe, Philippe Masson, Christian Montalbetti, Guillaume Wettstein, Jean Michel Luccarini, Christiane Legendre, Jean Louis Junien, Pierre Broqua
Here we describe the identification and synthesis of novel indole sulfonamide derivatives that activate the three peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) isoforms. Starting with a PPARα activator, compound 4, identified during a high throughput screening (HTS) of our proprietary screening library, a systematic optimization led to the discovery of lanifibranor (IVA337) 5, a moderately potent and well balanced pan PPAR agonist with an excellent safety profile. In vitro and in vivo, compound 5 demonstrated strong activity in models that are relevant to NonAlcoholic SteatoHepatitis (NASH) pathophysiology suggesting therapeutical potential for NASH patients...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445073/adiponectin-deficiency-induced-diabetes-increases-tnf%C3%AE-and-ffa-via-downregulation-of-ppar%C3%AE
#15
Haruo Hashimoto, Masafumi Yamamoto, Emika Sugiura, Hayato Abe, Takahiro Kagawa, Motohito Goto, Ri-Ichi Takahashi, Toshio Akimoto, Hiroshi Suemizu
Expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) α was investigated in adiponectin knockout mice to elucidate the relationship between PPARα and adiponectin deficiency-induced diabetes. Adiponectin knockout (Adp -/- ) mice were generated by gene targeting. Glucose tolerance test (GTT), insulin tolerance test (ITT), and organ sampling were performed in Adp -/- mice at the age of 10 weeks. PPARα, insulin, triglyceride, free fatty acid (FFA), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) were analyzed from the sampled organs...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444566/chemical-characterization-of-novel-natural-products-from-the-roots-of-asian-rice-oryza-sativa-that-control-adipocyte-and-osteoblast-differentiation
#16
Hee Rae Kang, Hyung Sik Yun, Tae Kyoung Lee, Seulah Lee, Seon-Hee Kim, Eunjung Moon, Ki-Moon Park, Ki Hyun Kim
Oryza sativa L. is consumed globally as a staple food and its roots have been used as a Korean and Chinese medical supplement for protection of the stomach and lungs and for amelioration of vomiting and fever. In our continuing search for biologically effective metabolites from Korean natural materials, we found that an EtOH extract of O. sativa root reciprocally regulated adipocyte and osteoblast differentiation. Chemical analysis of the EtOH extract using a bioassay-guided fractionation protocol led to the isolation and determination of two novel lignans, oryzativols A and B, responsible for these regulatory activities...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442012/effects-of-the-oligostilbenes-from-iris-lactea-pall-var-chinensis-fisch-koidz-on-the-adipocytes-differentiation-of-3t3-l1-cells
#17
Fan-Fang Tie, Guang-Xiang Luan, Wen-Na Zhou, Zhen-Hua Wang, Xiao-Bing Shi, Gang Li, Hong-Lun Wang
The dried seeds of Iris lactea Pall. var. chinensis (Fisch.) Koidz, an important traditional Chinese medicine, are regarded to have effects of clearing heat, eliminating dampness and pharyngitis and so on. It has been used in the treatment of jaundice, diarrhea, leucorrhea and carbuncles. Previous phytochemical studies of Iris species showed the presence of flavones, isoflavones, triterpenes and stilbenes. In our previous research, we isolated five known oligostilbenes, vitisin A, vitisin B, vitisin C, vitisin D, and cis-vitisin A were successfully isolated from Iris lactea for the first time...
February 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441829/role-of-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-gamma-activation-on-visfatin-advanced-glycation-end-products-and-renal-oxidative-stress-in-obesity-induced-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
A Tabassum, T Mahboob
The present study focused on the role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ) activation on renal oxidative damages, serum visfatin, and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced type 2 diabetes mellitus. Following the institutional animal ethics committee guidelines, Wistar rats were categorized into five groups: group 1: fed on a normal rat diet; group 2: HFD-induced obese rats (HFD for 8 weeks); group 3: HFD-fed rats treated with rosiglitazone (RSG; 3 mg/kg orally for 7 days); group 4: T2DM rats induced by HFD and low dose of streptozotocin (i...
January 1, 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441810/pon2-and-pparg-polymorphisms-as-biomarkers-of-risk-for-coronary-heart-disease
#19
Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Isela Esther Juárez-Rojop, Yazmín Hernández-Díaz, María Lilia López-Narváez, Candelario Rodríguez-Pérez, Yahaira Karina González-Hernández, Miguel Ángel Ramos-Méndez
AIM: Investigate the correlation between paraoxonase 2 (PON2) Ser311Cys polymorphism as well as the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) His477His polymorphism and the susceptibility to development of coronary heart diseases (CHD) through a meta-analysis. METHODS: Odds ratio and the corresponding 95% CI were used to assess the results. We included 7476 CHD patients and 8504 healthy controls. All the statistical analyses were performed by Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software (CMA, version 2...
February 14, 2018: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441719/azd1208-a-pan-pim-kinase-inhibitor-inhibits-adipogenesis-and-induces-lipolysis-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#20
Yu-Kyoung Park, Brice Wilfried Obiang-Obounou, Kyung-Bok Lee, Jong-Soon Choi, Byeong-Churl Jang
The proviral integration moloney murine leukaemia virus (Pim) kinases, consisting of Pim-1, Pim-2 and Pim-3, are involved in the control of cell growth, metabolism and differentiation. Pim kinases are emerging as important mediators of adipocyte differentiation. AZD1208 is a pan-Pim kinase inhibitor and is known for its anti-cancer activity. In this study, we investigated the effect of AZD1208 on adipogenesis and lipolysis in 3T3-L1 cells, a murine preadipocyte cell line. AZD1208 markedly suppressed lipid accumulation and reduced triglyceride contents in differentiating 3T3-L1 cells, suggesting the drug's anti-adipogenic effect...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
keyword
keyword
103057
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"