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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749263/measuring-intraocular-pressure-in-white-s-tree-frogs-litoria-caerulea-by-rebound-tonometry-comparing-device-time-of-day-and-manual-versus-chemical-restraint-methods
#1
Jennifer C Hausmann, Ashley Krisp, Kurt Sladky, Paul E Miller, Christoph Mans
Ocular diseases reported in frogs include uveitis and glaucoma, which are associated with changes in intraocular pressure (IOP). The objectives of this study were to characterize the normal IOP for White's tree frogs ( Litoria caerulea ) using two types of rebound tonometers, and to assess whether time of day or method of restraint affected IOP. Eighteen conscious, unrestrained, ophthalmologically normal frogs were used to measure IOP using TonoVet® and TonoLab® tonometers, at three time points during the day...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748060/a-case-of-attempted-bilateral-self-enucleation-in-a-patient-with-bipolar-disorder
#2
Hannah Muniz Castro, John Alvarez, Robert G Bota, Marc Yonkers, Jeremiah Tao
Attempted and completed self-enucleation, or removal of one's own eyes, is a rare but devastating form of self-mutilation behavior. It is often associated with psychiatric disorders, particularly schizophrenia, substance induced psychosis, and bipolar disorder. We report a case of a patient with a history of bipolar disorder who gouged his eyes bilaterally as an attempt to self-enucleate himself. On presentation, the patient was manic with both psychotic features of hyperreligous delusions and command auditory hallucinations of God telling him to take his eyes out...
March 22, 2017: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747415/migration-of-intraocular-silicone-oil-into-brain
#3
Janaki Gnanalingham, Rob Mcreary, Stephen Charles, Kanna K Gnanalingham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746321/scleral-fixation-of-intraocular-lens-with-ab-interno-technique
#4
N K Gurung, R Rijal, B B Thapa, S Gurung
INTRODUCTION: Implantation of scleral fixation intraocular lens for the surgical management of aphakia cases without capsular support is a safe procedure. METHODS: Prospective study was carried out at Lumbini Eye Institute, Bhairahawa. A total of 32 patients underwent scleral fixation intraocular lens implantation within a period of two years from February 2014 to February 2016. RESULTS: The age range was from 15 to 79 years; mean age was 47...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746183/visual-outcomes-after-balanced-salt-solution-infiltration-during-lenticule-separation-in-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-for-myopic-astigmatism
#5
Ting Liu, Xiaomin Zhu, Kaijian Chen, Ji Bai
To evaluate the refractive outcomes of balanced salt solution infiltration during small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE).This randomized prospective study enrolled 52 patients (104 eyes) with myopic astigmatism. Patients underwent SMILE to correct the myopic astigmatism in Daping Hospital of the Third Military Medical University between January and July 2013. One eye of each patient received traditional SMILE (control group) and the other received a modified SMILE procedure (liquid infiltration group)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746181/efficacy-of-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-uveitis-a-strobe-compliant-article
#6
Yinglei Zhang, Xiangjia Zhu, Wenwen He, Yongxiang Jiang, Yi Lu
To evaluate the visual outcomes of cataract surgery in patients with uveitis, and to determine risk factors for the recurrence of uveitis and postoperative complications.Eighty patients with uveitis who underwent phacoemulsification with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation were included in this retrospective study. We analyzed the following data: patient characteristics, medications used, visual acuity, and complications of cataract surgery.The mean ± standard deviation time from cataract surgery to the last visit was 20...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746174/traumatic-cataract-in-patient-with-anterior-megalophthalmos-case-report
#7
Edyta Chlasta-Twardzik, Anna Nowińska, Paweł Wąs, Agnieszka Jakubowska, Edward Wylęgała
RATIONALE: Megalophthalmos anterior is a rare, bilateral, nonprogressive, hereditary, congenital disorder, characterized by the enlargement of all anterior segment structures of the eye, with megalocornea, iris atrophy, and zonular abnormalities commonly found. Usually almost asymptomatic in young patients, with most complaints concerning blurred vision due to the common corneal astigmatism, it might in time lead to several complications including premature cataract formation and pigmentary glaucoma...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745656/-effect-of-medicinal-treatment-on-epithelial-wound-healing-after-phacoemulsification
#8
E V Tomilova, M N Nemsitsveridze, I E Panova
AIM: to compare the dynamics of epithelial wound healing under two different post-op treatments in patients after uncomplicated phacoemulsification. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective randomized clinical trial included 40 eyes of 40 patients aged 66.4±8.2 years who underwent uncomplicated phacoemulsification with flexible intraocular lens implantation through a 2.2-mm corneal incision. Patients were randomized to receive either dexamethasone 0.1% and diclofenac 0...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745655/-significance-of-anti-myelin-basic-protein-antibodies-for-ocular-hydrodynamic-disturbances-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#9
M A Frolov, V G Likhvantseva, I V Kovelenova, M V Solomatina
The aim of the study was to investigate the significance of anti-myelin basic protein (MBP) antibodies (AB) for ocular hydrodynamic disturbances in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). The study was conducted using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The patients included had either high-tension (82 cases), or normal-tension (62 patients) glaucoma (HTG and NTG). In 46.3% of HTG patients and 38.7% of NTG patients, anti-MBP antibodies were lower than in the controls. There were also some cases (12.9%) of increased AB production at NTG onset...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744097/comparison-of-corneal-power-obtained-from-verion-image-guided-surgery-system-and-four-other-devices
#10
Hung-Yuan Lin, Hsin-Yang Chen, Han Bor Fam, Ya-Jung Chuang, Ronald Yeoh, Pi-Jung Lin
PURPOSE: To assess the corneal keratometric values obtained using the VERION image-guided surgery system and other devices. METHODS: This study evaluated the right eyes of 115 cataract patients before intraocular lens (IOL) implantation through consecutive tests using 5 devices: VERION Reference Unit, Placido-based corneal topography (OPD-Scan III), monochromatic light-emitting diodes (LenStar LS900 and AL-Scan), and rotary prism technology (auto kerato-refractometer KR-8800)...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744096/subjective-evaluation-of-uncorrected-vision-in-patients-undergoing-cataract-surgery-with-diffractive-multifocal-lenses-and-monovision
#11
Ricardo Alexandre Stock, Thaís Thumé, Luan Gabriel Paese, Elcio Luiz Bonamigo
PURPOSE: To analyze patient satisfaction and difficulties with bilateral multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) implantation and aspheric monofocal IOLs implantation using monovision, after cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 61 participants were included in the study, 29 with monovision and 32 with multifocal lenses. The inclusion criteria were patients undergoing phacoemulsification for bilateral visual impairment due to cataracts and presenting with postoperative visual acuity of 20/30 or better for distance and line J3 or better for near vision...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744094/patient-considerations-in-ocular-hypertension-role-of-bimatoprost-ophthalmic-solution
#12
REVIEW
Daniel Lee, Anand V Mantravadi, Jonathan S Myers
Glaucoma is a leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. The reduction of intraocular pressure has been well established as an effective treatment to prevent both the development and the progression of all forms of glaucoma. Bimatoprost 0.03% ophthalmic solution, introduced in 2001, is a synthetic prostamide with the unique mechanism of improving both uveoscleral and trabecular outflow. Comparative studies with other pharmacotherapies have shown favorable results for bimatoprost as a potent ocular hypotensive agent that is generally well tolerated...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743289/inhibition-of-t-cell-mediated-inflammation-in-uveitis-by-a-novel-anti-cd3-antibody
#13
Sunao Sugita, Jun Shimizu, Kenichi Makabe, Hiroshi Keino, Takeshi Watanabe, Masayo Takahashi
BACKGROUND: A novel anti-mouse CD3ε antibody, Dow2, recognizes mouse CD3ε without activating T cells and suppresses T-cell activation. The purpose of this study was to determine whether Dow2 can inhibit T cells in uveitis. METHODS: Experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) was induced in mice by immunization with retinal peptides, followed by administration of Dow2. Inflammation was evaluated by color fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography, and histology...
July 25, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742142/effects-of-water-drinking-test-on-ocular-blood-flow-waveform-parameters-a-laser-speckle-flowgraphy-study
#14
Mehwish Saba Bhatti, Tong Boon Tang, Augustinus Laude
The water-drinking test (WDT) is a provocative test used in glaucoma research to assess the effects of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). Defective autoregulation due to changes in perfusion pressure may play a role in the pathophysiology of several ocular diseases. This study aims to examine the effects of WDT on ocular blood flow (in the form of pulse waveform parameters obtained using laser speckle flowgraphy) to gain insight into the physiology of ocular blood flow and its autoregulation in healthy individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741158/intraocular-lenses-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#15
REVIEW
Andrzej Grzybowski, Weronika Wasinska-Borowiec, Jorge L Alio, Pedro Amat-Peral, Juan Tabernero
PURPOSE: The aim of this work is to review the lenses, assessing their advantages and disadvantages. We describe a total of seven types of intraocular lenses (IOLs) recommended for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: We used the PubMed web platform to search for implantable devices in various stages of AMD. We searched for both prospective and retrospective studies and also case reports. RESULTS: Clinical results in AMD patients have been described for a total of seven types of IOLs recommended for AMD: an implantable miniature telescope (IMT), IOL-VIP System, Lipshitz macular implant (LMI), sulcus-implanted Lipshitz macular implant, LMI-SI, Fresnel Prism Intraocular Lens, iolAMD and Scharioth Macula Lens...
July 24, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740733/when-is-evidence-enough-evidence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-trabectome-as-a-solo-procedure-in-patients-with-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#16
REVIEW
Jeffrey T Y Chow, Cindy M L Hutnik, Karla Solo, Monali S Malvankar-Mehta
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the availability of evidence for one of the earliest available minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) procedures, the Trabectome. Various databases were searched up to December 20, 2016, for any published studies assessing the use of the Trabectome as a solo procedure in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). The standardized mean differences (SMD) were calculated for the change in intraocular pressure (IOP) and number of glaucoma mediations used at 1-month, 6-month, and 12-month follow-up...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740252/decelerated-neurodegeneration-after-intravitreal-injection-of-%C3%AE-synuclein-antibodies-in-a-glaucoma-animal-model
#17
J Teister, F Anders, S Beck, S Funke, H von Pein, V Prokosch, N Pfeiffer, F Grus
Although elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) remains the major risk factor in glaucoma, neurodegenerative processes continue despite effective IOP lowering. Altered α-synuclein antibody (Abs) levels have been reported to play a crucial role. This study aimed at identifying whether α-synuclein Abs are capable to decelerate neuronal decay while providing insights into proteomic changes. Four groups of Sprague Dawley rats received episcleral vein occlusion: (1) CTRL, no intravitreal injection, n = 6, (2) CTRL IgG, intravitreal injection of unspecific IgG, n = 5, (3) Buffer, intravitreal injection of buffer, n = 6, (4), α-synuclein Ab, intravitreal injection of α-synuclein Ab, n = 5...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739193/intraocular-metastasis-comparison-of-clinical-presentation-with-a-known-and-unknown-primary-tumour
#18
R Ramoa, M A Saornil, C García-Alvarez, P Diezhandino, P Alonso-Martínez, E García-Lagarto, M F Muñoz-Moreno, F Lopez-Lara
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study is to review the frequency of intraocular metastases as first presentation of systemic disease, and to identify clinical and tumour characteristics. METHODS: Retrospective study of consecutive cases diagnosed of intraocular metástasis at a referral intraocular tumours unit between 1993 and 2014. General, epidemiological and ophthalmological characteristics were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 21 patients, with a mean age 62...
July 21, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739100/movement-of-retinal-vessels-toward-the-optic-nerve-head-after-increasing-intraocular-pressure-in-monkey-eyes-with-experimental-glaucoma
#19
Atsumi Kuroda, Nobuko Enomoto, Kyoko Ishida, Masamitsu Shimazawa, Tetsuro Noguchi, Naoto Horai, Hirotaka Onoe, Hideaki Hara, Goji Tomita
A shift or displacement of the retinal blood vessels (RBVs) with neuroretinal rim thinning indicates the progression of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. In chronic open angle glaucoma, individuals with RBV positional shifts exhibit more rapid visual field loss than those without RBV shifts. The retinal vessels reportedly move onto the optic nerve head (ONH) in response to glaucoma damage, suggesting that RBVs are pulled toward the ONH in response to increased cupping. Whether this phenomenon only applies to RVBs located in the vicinity or inside the ONH or, more generally, to RBVs also located far from the ONH, however, is unclear...
July 21, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737758/real-world-experience-with-0-2%C3%A2-%C3%AE-g-day-fluocinolone-acetonide-intravitreal-implant-iluvien-in-the-united-kingdom
#20
C Bailey, U Chakravarthy, A Lotery, G Menon, J Talks
AimsTo compare safety outcomes and visual function data acquired in the real-world setting with FAME study results in eyes treated with 0.2 μg/day fluocinolone acetonide (FAc).MethodsFourteen UK clinical sites contributed to pseudoanonymised data collected using the same electronic medical record system. Data pertaining to eyes treated with FAc implant for diabetic macular oedema (DMO) was extracted. Intraocular pressure (IOP)-related adverse events were defined as use of IOP-lowering medication, any rise in IOP>30 mm Hg, or glaucoma surgery...
July 24, 2017: Eye
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