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3D printed scaffold

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424770/recent-advances-in-bioink-design-for-3d-bioprinting-of-tissues-and-organs
#1
REVIEW
Shen Ji, Murat Guvendiren
There is a growing demand for alternative fabrication approaches to develop tissues and organs as conventional techniques are not capable of fabricating constructs with required structural, mechanical, and biological complexity. 3D bioprinting offers great potential to fabricate highly complex constructs with precise control of structure, mechanics, and biological matter [i.e., cells and extracellular matrix (ECM) components]. 3D bioprinting is an additive manufacturing approach that utilizes a "bioink" to fabricate devices and scaffolds in a layer-by-layer manner...
2017: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421875/three-dimensional-printing-and-its-applications-in-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery
#2
Trevor D Crafts, Susan E Ellsperman, Todd J Wannemuehler, Travis D Bellicchi, Taha Z Shipchandler, Avinash V Mantravadi
Objective Three-dimensional (3D)-printing technology is being employed in a variety of medical and surgical specialties to improve patient care and advance resident physician training. As the costs of implementing 3D printing have declined, the use of this technology has expanded, especially within surgical specialties. This article explores the types of 3D printing available, highlights the benefits and drawbacks of each methodology, provides examples of how 3D printing has been applied within the field of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery, discusses future innovations, and explores the financial impact of these advances...
November 1, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412790/-a-preliminary-study-of-three-dimensional-bio-printing-by-polycaprolactone-and-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells
#3
J Xu, M Hu
Objective: To investigate the technical scheme of three-dimensional (3D) bio-printing by polycaprolactone (PCL) and periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSC). Methods: To manufacture a 3D bio-printing body, PDLSC were used as seed cells, and polycaprolactone (PCL) was used as the 3D printing scaffold material. Print size was designed at 13.0 mm×13.0 mm, and mesh size was 0.25 mm×0.25 mm (group A) and 0.75 mm×0.75 mm (group B). Cell counting kit-8 was used to detect the proliferation of PDLSC on day 1, day 3 and day 5 respectively...
April 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406922/3d-fabrication-and-characterization-of-phosphoric-acid-scaffold-with-a-ha-%C3%AE-tcp-weight-ratio-of-60-40-for-bone-tissue-engineering-applications
#4
Yanen Wang, Kai Wang, Xinpei Li, Qinghua Wei, Weihong Chai, Shuzhi Wang, Yu Che, Tingli Lu, Bo Zhang
A key requirement for three-dimensional printing (3-DP) at room temperature of medical implants depends on the availability of printable and biocompatible binder-powder systems. Different concentration polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and phosphoric acid solutions were chosen as the binders to make the artificial stent biocompatible with sufficient compressive strength. In order to achieve an optimum balance between the bioceramic powder and binder solution, the biocompatibility and mechanical properties of these artificial stent samples were tested using two kinds of binder solutions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393760/direct-ink-writing-of-silica-bonded-calcite-scaffolds-from-preceramic-polymers-and-fillers
#5
Laura Fiocco, Hamada Elsayed, Denis Badocco, Paolo Pastore, Devis Bellucci, Valeria Cannillo, Rainer Detsch, Aldo Boccaccini, Enrico Bernardo
Silica-bonded calcite scaffolds have been successfully 3D-printed by direct ink writing, starting from a paste comprising a silicone polymer and calcite powders, calibrated in order to match a SiO2/CaCO3 weight balance of 35/65. The scaffolds, fabricated with two slightly different geometries, were first cross-linked at 350 °C, then fired at 600 °C, in air. The low temperature adopted for the conversion of the polymer into amorphous silica, by thermo-oxidative decomposition, prevented the decomposition of calcite...
April 10, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389072/the-characteristics-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-polycaprolactone-3-dimensional-scaffold-with-osteogenesis-properties-for-tissue-regeneration
#6
Yung-Cheng Chiu, Hsin-Yuan Fang, Tuan-Ti Hsu, Cheng-Yao Lin, Ming-You Shie
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the mineral trioxide aggregate/polycaprolactone (MTA/PCL) hybrid 3-dimensional (3D) scaffold supplies a suitable microenvironment for the osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs) and to further consider the effect of the MTA/PCL composite on the biological performance of hybrid scaffolds. METHODS: MTA was suspended in absolute alcohol and dropped slowly into PCL that was generated with the printable MTA-matrix...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388393/biomimetic-nanofibrous-scaffolds-for-neural-tissue-engineering-and-drug-development
#7
REVIEW
Jing Wu, Lili Xie, William Zhi Yuan Lin, Qiushui Chen
Neural tissue engineering aims to develop functional substitutes for damaged tissues, creating many promising opportunities in regeneration medicine and drug discovery. Biomaterial scaffolds routinely provide nerve cells with a physical support for cell growth and regeneration, yielding 3D extracellular matrix to mimic the in vivo cellular microenvironment. Among the various types of cellular scaffolds for reconstruction, biomimetic nanofibrous scaffolds are recognized as appropriate candidates by precisely controlling morphology and shape...
April 4, 2017: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386854/layer-by-layer-bioassembly-of-cellularized-polylactic-acid-porous-membranes-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#8
Vera Guduric, Carole Metz, Robin Siadous, Reine Bareille, Riccardo Levato, Elisabeth Engel, Jean-Christophe Fricain, Raphaël Devillard, Ognjan Luzanin, Sylvain Catros
The conventional tissue engineering is based on seeding of macroporous scaffold on its surface ("top-down" approach). The main limitation is poor cell viability in the middle of the scaffold due to poor diffusion of oxygen and nutrients and insufficient vascularization. Layer-by-Layer (LBL) bioassembly is based on "bottom-up" approach, which considers assembly of small cellularized blocks. The aim of this work was to evaluate proliferation and differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells (HBMSCs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in two and three dimensions (2D, 3D) using a LBL assembly of polylactic acid (PLA) scaffolds fabricated by 3D printing...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358890/a-multifunctional-bioactive-material-that-stimulates-osteogenesis-and-promotes-the-vascularization-bone-marrow-stem-cells-and-their-resistance-to-bacterial-infection
#9
Chuang Ma, Qin Wei, Bo Cao, Xinchun Cheng, Juling Tian, Hongwei Pu, Aihemaitijiang Yusufu, Li Cao
The main limitation of tissue engineering lies in the inability to stimulate osteogenesis, angiogenesis of stem cells and broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. However, the development of multifunctional bioactive materials with these capabilities remains a great challenge. In this study, we prepared mesoporous silica nanoparticles encapsulated with silver nanocrystals (AG-MSN) with uniform sphere size and mesopores. Platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) was effectively loaded in the AG-MSN mesopores (P-AG-MSN)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351682/two-photon-polymerization-for-production-of-human-ipsc-derived-retinal-cell-grafts
#10
Kristan S Worthington, Luke A Wiley, Emily E Kaalberg, Malia M Collins, Robert F Mullins, Edwin M Stone, Budd A Tucker
Recent advances in induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology have paved the way for the production of patient-specific neurons that are ideal for autologous cell replacement for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. In the case of retinal degeneration and associated photoreceptor cell therapy, polymer scaffolds are critical for cellular survival and integration; however, prior attempts to materialize this concept have been unsuccessful in part due to the materials' inability to guide cell alignment...
March 25, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350007/laser-beam-melting-3d-printing-of-ti6al4v-based-porous-structured-dental-implants-fabrication-biocompatibility-analysis-and-photoelastic-study
#11
Fei Yang, Chen Chen, QianRong Zhou, YiMing Gong, RuiXue Li, ChiChi Li, Florian Klämpfl, Sebastian Freund, XingWen Wu, Yang Sun, Xiang Li, Michael Schmidt, Duan Ma, YouCheng Yu
Fabricating Ti alloy based dental implants with defined porous scaffold structure is a promising strategy for improving the osteoinduction of implants. In this study, we use Laser Beam Melting (LBM) 3D printing technique to fabricate porous Ti6Al4V dental implant prototypes with three controlled pore sizes (200, 350 and 500 μm). The mechanical stress distribution in the surrounding bone tissue is characterized by photoelastography and associated finite element simulation. For in-vitro studies, experiments on implants' biocompatibility and osteogenic capability are conducted to evaluate the cellular response correlated to the porous structure...
March 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349900/structural-monitoring-and-modeling-of-the-mechanical-deformation-of-three-dimensional-printed-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-scaffolds
#12
João Ribeiro, Sara Oliveira, José Alves, Adriano Pedro, Rui Reis, Emanuel M Fernandes, Joao Mano
Three-dimensional (3D) printed poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) based scaffolds have being proposed for different tissue engineering applications. This study addresses the design and fabrication of 3D PCL constructs with different struts alignments at 90º, 45º and 90º with offset. The morphology and the mechanical behavior under uniaxial compressive load were assessed at different strain percentages. The combination of a new XtremeCT compression device and micro computed tomography (micro-CT) allowed understanding the influence of pore geometry under controlled compressive strain in the mechanical and structural behavior of PCL constructs...
March 28, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349897/3d-printing-scaffold-coupled-with-low-level-light-therapy-for-neural-tissue-regeneration
#13
Wei Zhu, Jonathan K George, Volker J Sorger, Lijie Grace Zhang
3D printing has shown promise for neural regeneration by providing customized nerve scaffolds to structurally support and bridge the defect gap as well as deliver cells or various bioactive substances. Low-level light therapy (LLLT) exhibits positive effects on rehabiliation of degenerative nerves and neural disorders. With this in mind, we postulate that 3D printed neural scaffold coupling with LLLT will generate a new strategy to repair neural degeneration. To achieve this goal, we applied red laser light to stimualte neural stem cells on 3D printed scaffolds and investigated the subsequent cell response with respect to cell proliferation and differentiation...
April 12, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347731/3d-printing-of-medicinal-products-and-the-challenge-of-personalized-therapy
#14
Lucia Zema, Alice Melocchi, Alessandra Maroni, Andrea Gazzaniga
By 3D printing, solid objects of any shape are fabricated through layer-by-layer addition of materials based on a digital model. At present, such a technique is broadly exploited in many industrial fields because of major advantages in terms of reduced times and costs of development and production. In the biomedical and pharmaceutical domains, the interest in 3D printing is growing in step with the needs of personalized medicine. Printed scaffolds and prostheses have partly replaced medical devices produced by more established techniques and, more recently, 3D printing has been proposed for the manufacturing of drug products...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342878/3d-printing-for-the-design-and-fabrication-of-polymer-based-gradient-scaffolds
#15
Laura G Bracaglia, Brandon T Smith, Emma Watson, Navein Arumugasaamy, Antonios G Mikos, John P Fisher
To accurately mimic the native tissue environment, tissue engineered scaffolds often need to have a highly controlled and varied display of three-dimensional (3D) architecture and geometrical cues. Additive manufacturing in tissue engineering has made possible the development of complex scaffolds that mimic the native tissue architectures. As such, architectural details that were previously unattainable or irreproducible can now be incorporated in an ordered and organized approach, further advancing the structural and chemical cues delivered to cells interacting with the scaffold...
March 22, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337223/emerging-perspectives-in-scaffold-for-tissue-engineering-in-oral-surgery
#16
REVIEW
Gabriele Ceccarelli, Rossella Presta, Laura Benedetti, Maria Gabriella Cusella De Angelis, Saturnino Marco Lupi, Ruggero Rodriguez Y Baena
Bone regeneration is currently one of the most important and challenging tissue engineering approaches in regenerative medicine. Bone regeneration is a promising approach in dentistry and is considered an ideal clinical strategy in treating diseases, injuries, and defects of the maxillofacial region. Advances in tissue engineering have resulted in the development of innovative scaffold designs, complemented by the progress made in cell-based therapies. In vitro bone regeneration can be achieved by the combination of stem cells, scaffolds, and bioactive factors...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328084/control-of-nanoparticle-release-kinetics-from-3d-printed-hydrogel-scaffolds
#17
Bernhard Baumann, Tomasz Jungst, Simone Stichler, Susanne Feineis, Oliver Wiltschka, Matthias Kuhlmann, Mika Lindén, Jürgen Groll
The convergence of biofabrication with nanotechnology is largely unexplored but enables geometrical control of cell-biomaterial arrangement combined with controlled drug delivery and release. As a step towards integration of these two fields of research, this study demonstrates that modulation of electrostatic nanoparticle-polymer and nanoparticle-nanoparticle interactions can be used for tuning nanoparticle release kinetics from 3D printed hydrogel scaffolds. This generic strategy can be used for spatiotemporal control of the release kinetics of nanoparticulate drug vectors in biofabricated constructs...
March 22, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322040/design-and-fabrication-of-a-thin-walled-free-form-scaffold-on-the-basis-of-medical-image-data-and-a-3d-printed-template-its-potential-use-in-bile-duct-regeneration
#18
Suk-Hee Park, Bo-Kyeong Kang, Ji Eun Lee, Seung Woo Chun, Kiseok Jang, Youn Hwan Kim, Mi Ae Jeong, Yohan Kim, Kyojin Kang, Nak Kyu Lee, Dongho Choi, Han Joon Kim
Three-dimensional (3D) printing, combined with medical imaging technologies, such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has shown a great potential in patient-specific tissue regeneration. Here, we successfully fabricated an ultrathin tubular free-form structure with a wall thickness of several tens of micrometers that is capable of providing sufficient mechanical flexibility. Such a thin geometry cannot easily be achieved by 3D printing alone; therefore, it was realized through a serial combination of processes, including the 3D printing of a sacrificial template, the dip coating of the biomaterial, and the removal of the inner template...
March 30, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303152/promising-therapeutic-strategies-for-mesenchymal-stem-cell-based-cardiovascular-regeneration-from-cell-priming-to-tissue-engineering
#19
REVIEW
Seung Taek Ji, Hyunyun Kim, Jisoo Yun, Joo Seop Chung, Sang-Mo Kwon
The primary cause of death among chronic diseases worldwide is ischemic cardiovascular diseases, such as stroke and myocardial infarction. Recent evidence indicates that adult stem cell therapies involving cardiovascular regeneration represent promising strategies to treat cardiovascular diseases. Owing to their immunomodulatory properties and vascular repair capabilities, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are strong candidate therapeutic stem cells for use in cardiovascular regeneration. However, major limitations must be overcome, including their very low survival rate in ischemic lesion...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299273/guidelines-for-patient-specific-jawline-definition-with-titanium-implants-in-esthetic-deformity-and-malformation-surgery
#20
Maurice Yves Mommaerts
CONTEXT: Asymmetry and unfavorable esthetics of the jawline have become possible to correct in three dimensions using computer aided design and computer aided manufacturing. AIMS: The aim of this study was to provide esthetic, technical, and operative guidelines for mandibular angle and border augmentation using patient-specific titanium implants made by selective laser melting. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: University hospital - prospective registry...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
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