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oral gavage methyl cellulose

Anil Mittal, Saba Tabasum, Rana P Singh
Melanoma is very aggressive and major cause of mortality due to skin cancer. Herein, we studied the anticancer effects of berberine, a plant alkaloid, in combination with doxorubicin on murine melanoma B16F10 cells in vitro and in vivo. This drug combination strongly inhibited cell growth and induced cell death, and caused G2/M arrest in cell cycle together with a decrease in Kip1/p27. Berberine showed stronger inhibitory effect on ERK1/2 phosphorylation as compared to Akt phosphorylation, whereas the combination of the drugs showed greater inhibitory effect on Akt phosphorylation...
February 15, 2014: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Li Li, Jinhui Zhang, Chengguo Xing, Sung-Hoon Kim, Junxuan Lü
Decursin and decursinol angelate are the major components in the alcoholic extract of the root of Angelica gigas Nakai. Our previous work convincingly demonstrated that both decursin and decursinol angelate were rapidly converted to decursinol in mice after administration by either oral gavage or i. p. injection. In the current study, we compared for the first time the plasma profiles of decursinol, when equal moles of decursin/decursinol angelate or decursinol were given to rats by oral gavage, and investigated the effect of different formulas and other chemicals in Angelica gigas extract on the bioavailability of decursinol...
March 2013: Planta Medica
Arshag Kalanderian, Nicola Abate, Igor Patrikeev, Jingna Wei, Kathleen Listiak Vincent, Massoud Motamedi, George Robert Saade, Egle Bytautiene
OBJECTIVE: Pioglitazone (PIO), an antidiabetic drug of the thiazolidinedione family, improves glucose and lipid metabolism in muscle, adipose, and liver tissues via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma activation. We hypothesize that PIO therapy will improve the metabolic status of offspring exposed to maternal obesity in a mouse model developmentally programmed for metabolic syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: CD-1 female mice were fed a high-fat diet for 3 months prior to breeding and throughout pregnancy and lactation...
April 2013: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Santhrani Thaakur, G Himabindhu
Haloperidol (HAL) is a widely used neuroleptic drug for the treatment of acute and chronic psychosis. Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a complex hyperkinetic syndrome consisting of choreiform and athetoid movements, which persists for months or years after withdrawal. Increased levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive products are found in the cerebrospinal fluid and plasma of patients treated with neuroleptics, especially those with movement disorders. Alpha lipoic acid (ALA), a natural metabolic antioxidant, is effective in both prevention and treatment of numerous types of neurological disorders...
July 2009: Journal of Neural Transmission
Sanjeev Shukla, Sanjay Gupta
Apigenin (4',5,7-trihydroxyflavone) is a promising chemopreventive agent abundantly present in fruits and vegetables that has been shown to promote cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in various malignant cell lines. To determine whether pharmacologic intervention with apigenin has a direct growth inhibitory effect on human prostate tumors implanted in athymic nude mice, we examined cell cycle regulatory molecules as precise molecular targets of apigenin action. Apigenin feeding by gavage to these mice at doses of 20 and 50 microg/mouse/d in 0...
April 2006: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Nergiz Murat, Nil Hocaoglu, Vasfi Karatosun, Kutsal Yorukoglu, Sedef Gidener, Izge Gunal
BACKGROUND: Review of the literature revealed several experimental studies on the effects of selective COX-2 inhibitors on fracture healing, but no reports were encountered regarding the effects of these compounds on experimental heterotopic bone formation, so the present study was conducted. MATERIAL/METHODS: Thirty adult male Wistar rats were divided into three groups of ten animals each. Tibial and femoral bones were collected from the rats, cleaned and demineralized, and diaphyseal parts were implanted in muscle pouches created in the right gluteal region, one into each rat...
December 2005: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Sanjeev Shukla, Anil Mishra, Pingfu Fu, Gregory T MacLennan, Martin I Resnick, Sanjay Gupta
Epidemiological studies suggest that increased intake of fruits and vegetables may be associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer. Apigenin (4', 5, 7,-trihydroxyflavone), a common dietary flavonoid abundantly present in fruits and vegetables, has shown remarkable anti-proliferative effects against various malignant cell lines. However, the mechanisms underlying these effects remain to be elucidated. We investigated the in vivo growth inhibitory effects of apigenin on androgen-sensitive human prostate carcinoma 22Rv1 tumor xenograft subcutaneously implanted in athymic male nude mice...
December 2005: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Smain Amira, Sihem Soufane, Kamel Gharzouli
Fluoride, a well-recognised harmful substance, is easily absorbed by the gastrointestinal mucosa. It is therefore conceivable that any alteration of the gastrointestinal motility can affect the rate of absorption of fluoride and leads to aggravation of its toxic effects. The effects of fluoride on gastric emptying and intestinal transit were studied in the mouse using a carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) solution as a non-nutrient meal. The participation of the cholinergic and nitrergic systems in these effects was also evaluated...
August 2005: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
K M Ayers, C E Torrey, D J Reynolds
In oral carcinogenicity bioassays, zidovudine (ZDV) induced vaginal epithelial cell tumors in mice given 30 or 40 mg/kg/day and rats given 300 mg/kg/day. To determine if lifetime exposure to ZDV, beginning perinatally, would alter this pattern of carcinogenicity, two groups of 60 pregnant CD-1 mice were given 20 or 40 mg/kg/day of ZDV in 0.5% methyl cellulose from Gestation Day 10 through Lactation Day 21. At weaning, 2 pups per sex from each of 35 litters in each group were assigned to the study and given 20 or 40 mg/kg/day of ZDV in the drinking water until 17-35 days of age, followed by daily gavage for 24 months...
August 1997: Fundamental and Applied Toxicology: Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
M M Dozier, H V Ratajczak, R B Sothern, P T Thomas
Seasonal hyporesponsiveness and other immune system variations were observed in female B6C3F1 mice during routine screening tests for immunomodulation. In a retrospective assessment, 4 years of data from over 1200 naive, vehicle, and immunosuppressed (cyclophosphamide-treated) control mice were compiled and analyzed for uniformity and significant circannual pattern of immune response. Endpoints included body, spleen, and thymus weights and an immunotoxicity assessment which enumerates specific antibody plaque-forming cells (PFC) in the spleen following immunization with sheep red blood cells...
August 1997: Fundamental and Applied Toxicology: Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
J S Thompson, W Sheedy, A H Morice
1. We have investigated the effects of inhibition of neutral endopeptidase on the cardiovascular remodelling secondary to chronic hypoxia in rats using a novel neutral endopeptidase inhibitor, SCH 42495. 2. Rats were divided into four groups, two of which were maintained in a normobaric, hypoxic chamber (10% O2) and two in room air. Animals received either neutral endopeptidase inhibitor, SCH 42495 (30 mg/kg), or aqueous methyl cellulose vehicle (0.4%) twice daily by oral gavage. 3. At 1, 3, 7, 10 and 14 days, animals (n = 4 per group for days 1, 3, 7 and 14, and n = 8 for day 10) were killed...
July 1994: Clinical Science (1979-)
S J Gorzinski, I T Takahashi, G H Hurst
The disposition of 14C-Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) with a viscosity of 2.25 centipoise was studied in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats following a single 500 mg/kg body weight gavage dose, or five consecutive daily doses. Recoveries for the single dose were: feces, greater than 99%; urine, approximately 1%; carcass and tissues, approximately 0.2%; expired air, 0.07%; and bile, 0.05%. Plasma radioactivity had a monophasic excretion half-life of approximately 2 hours for either sex. The majority of the residual radioactivity in the tissues was found in the gastrointestinal tract...
1986: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
B D Wilson, A J Jaworski, M E Donner, M L Lippmann
A rat model of amiodarone-induced pulmonary toxicity is described. The rats were fed, by gavage, 175 mg/kg/day of amiodarone hydrochloride suspended in methyl cellulose. Controls received methyl cellulose alone. Groups of rats were examined after 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 weeks of feeding. We found that drug-fed rats had significantly more macrophages, neutrophils, and lymphocytes in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). The early increase in cellularity was due to an increase in macrophages, and the macrophage count peaked after 6 weeks of drug treatment...
1989: Lung
P Lindström, M Harris, A M Hoberman, J K Dunnick, R E Morrissey
2',3'-Dideoxycytidine (DDC), a potent inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is presently undergoing clinical trials as a promising anti-AIDS drug. Since there are very limited published animal toxicity data available, and nucleoside analogues are being considered for treatment of HIV-infected pregnant women, a study was conducted in mice to investigate the potential adverse developmental effects of this drug. DDC, suspended in 0.5% methyl cellulose, was administered via gavage twice per day during gestation days (gd) 6 through 15 to C57Bl/6N mice in a total dose of 0, 200, 400, 1,000, or 2,000 mg/kg/day...
August 1990: Teratology
M Kato, H A West, R Ashby, D M Virgo, J S Fowler, K Furuhama, S Takayama
S-(-)-9-Fluoro-2,3-dihydro-3-methyl-10-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-7-oxo-7H -pyrido-[1,2,3,-de] [1,4]benzoxazine-6-carboxylic acid hemihydrate, DR-3355, a new quinolone antimicrobial agent, was administered by oral gavage to groups of ten male and ten female CD rats at dosages of 50, 200 or 800 mg/kg/day and to groups of three male and three female cynomolgus monkeys at dosages of 10, 30, or 100 mg/kg/day. Both species were treated for four weeks. The vehicle (0.5% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose)-treated group served as control...
February 1991: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
C Mascrès, M Bonner
Sixty female Sprague-Dawley rats, with an average weight of 120 g, have been used in this study. The experimental groups received twice a day 1 ml of a 2% acetyl-salicylic acid suspension in methyl-cellulose either per os or i.p. The control groups received methyl-cellulose without asprin. The blood was collected before any treatment and each day during the week for the purpose of counting cells. The experimental animals and their control were killed after 2, 4 and 8 days. A piece of endobuccal epithelium with its deeper tissues was cut off and frozen for histochemistry...
December 1976: Revue Canadienne de Biologie
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