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septic emboli pneumonia

Khalid Gafoor, Shalin Patel, Francis Girvin, Nishant Gupta, David Naidich, Stephen Machnicki, Kevin K Brown, Atul Mehta, Bryan Husta, Jay H Ryu, George A Sarosi, Tomás Franquet, Johny Verschakelen, Takeshi Johkoh, William Travis, Suhail Raoof
Cavities occasionally are encountered on thoracic images. Their differential diagnosis is large and includes, among others, various infections, autoimmune conditions, and primary and metastatic malignancies. We offer an algorithmic approach to their evaluation by initially excluding mimics of cavities and then broadly classifying them according to the duration of clinical symptoms and radiographic abnormalities. An acute or subacute process (< 12 weeks) suggests common bacterial and uncommon nocardial and fungal causes of pulmonary abscesses, necrotizing pneumonias, and septic emboli...
March 6, 2018: Chest
Nilesh H Pawar, Oliver J Nickalls, Keng Leong Tan, Vui K Ho, Shin Yi Ng, Jiashen Loh
Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) is a significant human bacterial pathogen and the major cause of pneumonia. In the post-antibiotic era, S. pneumoniae endocarditis is rare but carries a high risk of central nervous system (CNS) involvement. We present a case of invasive S. pneumoniae infection, which led to a cardioembolic stroke in a young man from septic emboli. Diagnosing a disseminated S. pneumoniae infection at an early stage is crucial and may improve patient outcomes.
December 18, 2017: Curēus
Inbar Saporta, Adithya Chennamadhavuni, Michael J Dolan
75-year-old woman was admitted with fever, chills, altered mentation, and right-sided weakness. A month earlier, she had undergone catheter radiofrequency ablation for treatment of chronic atrial fibrillation. A magnetic resonance imaging scan of her brain revealed septic emboli with multiple bilateral cerebral and cerebellar infarcts, as well as extensive bilateral leptomeningeal enhancement. Blood cultures were positive for Streptococcus mitis, Rothia mucilaginosa, Streptococcus pneumonia, and Candida albicans, which suggested a connection between gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems...
June 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
John R Woytanowski, Nausheen Hakim, Caytlin Deering, Sara Schultz
Invasive pneumococcus is a serious illness with potentially devastating outcomes. A 64-year-old female with a medical history of psoriatic arthritis and diabetes was transferred from an outside hospital for ventilator dependent respiratory failure and altered mental status. She initially presented with worsening back pain and was found to have leukocytosis with bandemia and acute renal failure but she was in septic shock upon arrival to our tertiary care center. Her blood cultures grew Streptococcus pneumoniae and MRI of the brain revealed pus within the posterior lateral ventricles and multiple infarcts...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
Barret Rush, Pawel Martinka, Brett Kilb, Robert C McDermid, John H Boyd, Leo Anthony Celi
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in pregnant patients as well as to investigate clinical conditions associated with mortality. METHODS: We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2006 to 2012 to identify a cohort of pregnant patients who underwent mechanical ventilation for ARDS. A multivariate model predicting in-hospital mortality was created. RESULTS: A total of 55,208,382 hospitalizations from the 2006-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Samples were analyzed...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jai-Wen Liu, Tzu-Chieh Lin, Yao-Tien Chang, Che-An Tsai, Sung-Yuan Hu
Prostatic abscess is a rare entity with an incidence of 0.5%-2.5% in all prostate diseases and usually occurs in the 5th and 6th decades of life with immunocompromised status. Prostatic abscess might be a process of evolution from acute prostatitis. Klebsiella pneumoniae is the leading microorganism in the diabetic patients of prostatic abscess in Taiwan. A 60-year-old diabetic man, with a one-week history of acute bacterial prostatitis was reported in this study, presenting to the emergency department with sudden altered mental status...
January 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Fei-Ying Cheng, Yu-Jang Su
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Deephak Swaminath, Yasir Yaqub, Roshni Narayanan, Ralph F Paone, Kenneth Nugent, Aliakbar Arvandi
Intravenous drug users are at increased risk for developing right-sided infective endocarditis involving the tricuspid and pulmonary valves. Isolated pulmonary valve endocarditis in intravenous drug users is very rare, and these patients often have more complications, such as pulmonary embolism, sepsis, and pneumonia. We report a case with pulmonary valve endocarditis and extensive pulmonary complications, including sepsis, septic emboli, pneumonia, and pneumothorax. Early identification of pulmonic valve endocarditis and treatment with appropriate antibiotics with or without surgical management should provide better outcomes, and clinicians need to think about pulmonary valve endocarditis in patients with complex respiratory presentations...
October 2013: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Alan Chuncharunee, Thana Khawcharoenporn
Lemierre's syndrome is characterized by an oropharyngeal infection with internal jugular vein thrombosis followed by metastatic infections in other organs. This infection is usually caused by Fusobacterium spp. In this report, we present a rare case of Klebsiella pneumoniae-associated Lemierre's syndrome in a patient with poorly-controlled diabetes mellitus. The infection was complicated by septic emboli in many organs, which led to the patient's death, despite combined antibiotics, anticoagulant therapy, and surgical intervention...
August 2015: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
P Habert, R Tazi-Mezalek, J Guinde, S Martinez, S Laroumagne, P Astoul, H Dutau
INTRODUCTION: Infection by Fusobacterium necrophorum, a Gram negative anaerobic bacteria, can lead to the development of Lemierre's syndrome, an uncommon but potentially fatal infection of the internal jugular vein. Since the introduction of antibiotics, the morbidity and mortality associated with this syndrome have been dramatically reduced. This syndrome is characterized by a pharyngeal infection, which leads to the development of septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein with septic emboli, which usually spread into the lung...
January 2016: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Adil Aijaz Shah, Adil Hussain Haider, Cheryl K Zogg, Diane A Schwartz, Elliott R Haut, Syed Nabeel Zafar, Eric B Schneider, Catherine G Velopulos, Shahid Shafi, Hasnain Zafar, David T Efron
BACKGROUND: Identifying predictors of mortality and surgical complications has led to outcome improvements for a variety of surgical conditions. However, similar work has yet to be done for factors affecting outcomes of emergency general surgery (EGS). The objective of this study was to determine the predictors of in-hospital complications and mortality among EGS patients. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2003-2011) was queried for patients with conditions encompassing EGS as determined by the American Association for Surgery of Trauma, categorizing them into predefined EGS groups using DRG International Classification of Diseases-9th Rev...
March 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Anup Shrestha, Purnima Sharma, Amit Kachalia, Sethu Muralidharan
SESSION TITLE: Infectious Disease Student/Resident Case Report Posters IIISESSION TYPE: Medical Student/Resident Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Group B streptococcus (GBS) is an important organism causing fever in postpartum patient. Fever due to Tricuspid Valve endocarditis (TVE) is a rare condition. We present an interesting case of TVE causing postpartum fever. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old female with no prior medical condition, had cesarean section 18 days prior to admission, comes in with non-productive cough, fever, shortness of breath of 4 days without orthopnea or paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea...
October 1, 2014: Chest
P Korsten, R Vasko, O Gross, L E Schrempf, O Zimmermann, M H Schulze, G A Müller
We present the case of a 48-year-old Vietnamese man with endophthalmitis, liver abscess, and pulmonary and cerebral septic emboli. Klebsiella pneumoniae was isolated as the causative organism; there were no laboratory findings suggestive of invasive fungal infection. Klebsiella pneumoniae invasive syndrome is a rare disease in Germany. This case report exemplifies the necessity of a dedicated diagnostic approach that takes into consideration factors such as ethnic origin and accompanying diseases of the patient...
June 2014: Der Internist
Dang Nguyen, Yazmin Yaacob, Hamzaini Hamid, Sobri Muda
Lemierre's syndrome (LS) is a rare life-threatening infective condition typically starting with an oropharyngeal infection causing thrombophlebitis and metastatic abscesses. The most common aetiology of LS is Fusobacterium necrophorum; however, it can also occur after infection with other organisms. LS mainly affects young healthy adults. The initial infection site can be in the head and neck or in the abdomen. The morbidity rate of this disease is high despite aggressive treatments. In this article, we report a 63-year-old male patient with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, presenting with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection-induced necrotizing fasciitis on the right side of the neck, leading to LS...
October 2013: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Agarwal Abhishek, Singla Sandeep, Pandey Tarun
Lemierre syndrome is characterized by acute septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein (IJV) that develops after an oropharyngeal infection, and can be complicated by septic emboli to lungs and other organs. The most frequent causative agent is Fusobacterium necrophorum, an anaerobic bacillus found in normal oropharyngeal flora. Staphylococcus aureus has emerged as a cause of Lemierre syndrome in the last decade. We report a case of a 24-year-old man who developed septic IJV thrombosis and necrotizing pneumonia due to S...
July 2013: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Cheonwoong Choi, Dae Hyun Kim
SESSION TYPE: Thoracic Surgery Posters IIPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 24, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: Thoracoscopic wedge resection using three ports is the technique of choice for spontaneous pneumothorax or other lung lesions needed tissue confirmation. A few publications describing the uniportal thoracoscopic surgery an alternative to conventional three-port surgery have been reported. We herein introduce uniportal thoracoscopic wedge resection technique using a spinal needle.METHODS: Between March 2011 and March 2012, 56 patients were enrolled...
October 1, 2012: Chest
Hideharu Hagiya, Yasutoshi Kuroe, Hiroyoshi Nojima, Shinkichi Otani, Junichi Sugiyama, Hiromichi Naito, Susumu Kawanishi, Shingo Hagioka, Naoki Morimoto
An emphysematous liver abscess is a fatal condition that often occurs in patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. I herein describe two cases of Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced emphysematous liver abscesses complicated by septic pulmonary emboli in patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. Both patients showed hemoglobin A1c levels of more than 10% and did not present with any abdominal symptoms on admission. However, they were diagnosed and successfully treated with percutaneous transhepatic abscess drainage and antibiotics...
2013: Internal Medicine
Balu Bhaskar, Vladimir Andelkovic
Heroin use is associated with several well described respiratory complications, including noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, aspiration pneumonitis, acute respiratory distress syndrome,pneumonia, lung abscess, septic pulmonary emboli, and atelectasis. We describe an interesting case of a young female patient, an intravenous heroin user who presented with progressive dyspnea, hypoxia, and left lung consolidation.
January 2012: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
M Ahmed
Sources of arterial embolism range from the common, such as cardiac pathology, to less common causes. We present a case of an acutely ischaemic lower limb due to septic emboli from Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia.
March 2012: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Dolunay Gülmez, Sehnaz Alp, Arzu Topeli İskit, Murat Akova, Gülşen Hasçelik
Fusobacterium necrophorum is a non-spore-forming gram-negative anaerobic bacillus that may be the causative agent of localized or severe systemic infections. Systemic infections due to F.necrophorum are known as Lemierre's syndrome, postanginal sepsis or necrobacillosis. The most common clinical course of severe infections in humans is a progressive illness from tonsillitis to septicemia in previously healthy young adults. A septic thrombophlebitis arising from the tonsillar veins and extending into the internal jugular vein leads to septicemia and septic emboli contributing to the development of necrotic abscesses especially in lungs and other tissues such as liver, bone and joints...
October 2011: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
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