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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233159/determinants-of-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-two-first-nation-communities
#1
Ina van der Spuy, Chandima P Karunanayake, James A Dosman, Kathleen McMullin, Gaungming Zhao, Sylvia Abonyi, Donna C Rennie, Joshua Lawson, Shelley Kirychuk, Judith MacDonald, Laurie Jimmy, Niels Koehncke, Vivian R Ramsden, Mark Fenton, Gregory P Marchildon, Malcolm King, Punam Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Excessive daytime sleepiness may be determined by a number of factors including personal characteristics, co-morbidities and socio-economic conditions. In this study we identified factors associated with excessive daytime sleepiness in 2 First Nation communities in rural Saskatchewan. METHODS: Data for this study were from a 2012-13 baseline assessment of the First Nations Lung Health Project, in collaboration between two Cree First Nation reserve communities in Saskatchewan and researchers at the University of Saskatchewan...
December 12, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221776/sleep-characteristics-associated-with-drowsy-driving
#2
Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Young Hwangbo, Won-Joo Kim, Min Kyung Chu, Chang-Ho Yun, Kwang Ik Yang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate sleep characteristics associated with drowsy driving in an adult population. METHODS: The study subjects consisted of 1675 adults aged 19 years or older who completed a population-based questionnaire survey on sleep habits. Experiences of drowsy driving were obtained from self-reported data. We investigated sleep-related variables including sleep duration, sleep efficiency, chronotype, subjective sleep perception, daytime sleepiness, sleep quality, and snoring...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217599/ers-statement-on-obstructive-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-1-to-23-month-old-children
#3
Athanasios G Kaditis, Maria Luz Alonso Alvarez, An Boudewyns, Francois Abel, Emmanouel I Alexopoulos, Refika Ersu, Koen Joosten, Helena Larramona, Silvia Miano, Indra Narang, Hui-Leng Tan, Ha Trang, Marina Tsaoussoglou, Nele Vandenbussche, Maria Pia Villa, Dick Van Waardenburg, Silke Weber, Stijn Verhulst
The present statement was produced by a European Respiratory Society Task Force to summarise the evidence and current practice on the diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children aged 1-23 months. A systematic literature search was completed and 159 articles were summarised to answer clinically relevant questions. SDB is suspected when symptoms or abnormalities related to upper airway obstruction are identified. Morbidity (pulmonary hypertension, growth delay, behavioural problems) and coexisting conditions (feeding difficulties, recurrent otitis media) may be present...
December 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204588/radiofrequency-ablation-of-the-lateral-palatal-space-for-snoring
#4
B Tucker Woodson, Kent S Tadokoro, Stuart G MacKay
Objective: Pilot study to examine the effect of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the lateral palatal fat pad in patients with socially-disruptive snoring. Method: Snoring outcomes and complications were compared between a group of patients with treated with RFA ablation of the lateral soft palate fat pad with or without inferior turbinate reduction (8 patients) and another group undergoing inferior turbinate reduction alone (12 patients). Results: Snoring loudness and bothersomeness improved in the palate but not inferior turbinate group...
June 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204444/the-finite-element-simulation-of-the-upper-airway-of-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#5
Huiping Luo, Austin Scholp, Jack J Jiang
Objectives: To investigate the snoring modes of patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome and to discover the main sources of snoring in soft tissue vibrations. Methods: A three-dimensional finite element model was developed with SolidEdge to simulate the human upper airway. The inherent modal simulation was conducted to obtain the frequencies and the corresponding shapes of the soft tissue vibrations. The respiration process was simulated with the fluid-solid interaction method through ANSYS...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202829/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-moderate-to-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-in-major-depression-a-observational-and-retrospective-study-on-703-subjects
#6
Matthieu Hein, Jean-Pol Lanquart, Gwenolé Loas, Philippe Hubain, Paul Linkowski
BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated the prevalence and risk factors of depression in subjects with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. However, few studies have investigated the prevalence and risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in major depression. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and risk factors of moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in a large sample of individuals with major depression. METHODS: Data from 703 individuals with major depression recruited from the research database of the sleep laboratory of the Erasme Hospital were analysed...
December 4, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196514/case-3-increased-snoring-in-a-7-year-old-boy
#7
Senthil Velan Bhoopalan, Samrat Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189598/comparison-of-psychiatric-symptoms-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-simple-snoring-and-normal-controls
#8
Jae Myeong Kang, Seong-Jin Cho, Yu Jin Lee, Ji-Eun Kim, Seung-Heon Shin, Kee Hyung Park, Seon Tae Kim, Seung-Gul Kang
OBJECTIVE: Patients with sleep-related breathing disorders are known to have more severe psychiatric symptoms than good sleepers. The aim of this study was to compare the psychiatric symptoms of participants with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), those with simple snoring (SS), and normal controls (NC). METHODS: A total of 386 participants (260 with OSA, 75 with SS, and 51 NC) completed self-report questionnaires including the Symptoms Checklist 90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and underwent nocturnal polysomnography...
November 17, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187728/pleomorphic-adenoma-of-the-posterior-surface-of-the-soft-palate-causing-sleep-disturbance-a-case-report
#9
Uzdan Uz, Onur Celik
BACKGROUND Pleomorphic adenoma is the most common benign tumor arising in the salivary gland. The signs and symptoms of pleomorphic adenoma of the minor salivary glands vary, depending on the anatomical site involved. A rare case of pleomorphic adenoma of the posterior surface of the soft palate is reported that caused sleep disturbance, which was resolved with endoscopic surgical treatment. CASE REPORT A 32-year-old woman experienced snoring and mouth-breathing during sleep. Flexible fiberoptic nasopharyngoscopy imaging of the oropharyngeal passage showed obstruction by a tumor the soft palate, which obstructed the oropharyngeal passage...
November 30, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184596/the-use-of-tracheal-sounds-for-the-diagnosis-of-sleep-apnoea
#10
REVIEW
Thomas Penzel, AbdelKebir Sabil
Tracheal sounds have been the subject of many research studies. In this review, we describe the state of the art, original work relevant to upper airways obstruction during sleep, and ongoing research concerning the methods used when analysing tracheal sounds. Tracheal sound sensors are a simple and noninvasive means of measurement and are more reliable than other breathing sensors. Developments in acoustic processing techniques and enhancements in tracheal sound signals over the past decade have led to improvements in the accuracy and clinical relevance of diagnoses based on this technology...
June 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174427/the-serum-leptin-level-in-non-obese-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#11
Ahmet Erim Pamuk, Ahmet Emre Süslü, Ahmet Yalçınkaya, Yeşim Er Öztaş, Gözde Pamuk, Serdar Özer, Metin Önerci
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the association between the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the serum leptin level in non-obese OSA patients. METHODS: This prospective case-control study included non-obese OSA patients that presented with sleep-related disturbances and underwent polysomnography (PSG) between April 2015 and June 2016. The serum leptin level was measured and its relationship to PSG parameters was investigated. RESULTS: The study included 73 OSA patients (20 female and 53 male) with a mean age of 41...
November 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168040/the-utility-of-home-sleep-apnea-tests-in-patients-with-low-versus-high-pre-test-probability-for-moderate-to-severe-osa
#12
Cathy A Goldstein, Hala Karnib, Katherine Williams, Zunaira Virk, Afifa Shamim-Uzzaman
PURPOSE: Home sleep apnea tests (HSATs) are an alternative to attended polysomnograms (PSGs) when the pre-test probability for moderate to severe OSA is high. However, insurers often mandate use anytime OSA is suspected regardless of the pre-test probability. Our objective was to determine the ability of HSATs to rule in OSA when the pre-test probability of an apnea hypopnea index (AHI) in the moderate to severe range is low. METHODS: Patients who underwent HSATs were characterized as low or high pre-test probability based on the presence of two symptoms of the STOP instrument plus either BMI > 35 or male gender...
November 22, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168015/ascending-aortic-blood-flow-velocity-is-increased-in-children-with-primary-snoring-mild-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-associated-with-an-increase-in-cd8-%C3%A2-t-cells-expressing-tnf%C3%AE-and-ifn%C3%AE
#13
Anna Kontos, Scott Willoughby, Cameron van den Heuvel, Declan Kennedy, James Martin, Greg Hodge, Matthew Worthley, Adelene Kaihui Chin, Adam Nelson, Karen Teo, Mathias Baumert, Yvonne Pamula, Kurt Lushington
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with cardiovascular disease and systemic inflammation in adults but this remains to be explored in children, especially in children with the most common form of SDB, i.e. primary snoring/mild SDB. This pilot study investigated the relationship between the cardiovascular function and inflammation in children with mild SDB. Nineteen participants aged 5-14 years underwent overnight polysomnography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (aortic blood flow velocity and left and right ventricular systolic function) and assessment for inflammatory markers (intracellular cytokine analysis of T cells by flow cytometry)...
November 22, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165753/clinical-research-on-airway-intervention-before-tracheal-extubation-after-general-anesthesia-on-snoring-children
#14
Q Yang, Z-H Liu, Y-L Chang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the method and the effect of airway intervention before tracheal extubation in post-anesthesia cure unit (PACU) after anesthesia when removing the tonsil under general anesthesia and adenoidectomy under nasal endoscope on children with snoring. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 46 cases diagnosed as snoring were executively selected in this study. The cases were randomly divided into the control group (n = 22) and the observation group (n = 24). For airway intervention after general anesthesia during the recovery period, the control group was treated with intravenous injection of 0...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161199/intranasal-budesonide-and-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Gunnhildur Gudnadottir, Eva Ellegård, Johan Hellgren
Objective To study the efficacy of budesonide nasal spray on the health-related quality of life and symptoms among children with sleep-disordered breathing. Study Design Randomized, parallel, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Setting Tertiary referral center. Subjects and Methods Sixty children (ages, 4-10 years) who were referred because of snoring and/or apneas for >3 months were included between January 2015 and June 2016 and randomized in a double-blind design to treatment with 64 μg/mL of budesonide nasal spray (n = 30) or placebo nasal spray (n = 30) twice daily for 6 weeks...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157589/overweight-and-obesity-add-to-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#16
Sarah N Biggs, Knarik Tamanyan, Lisa M Walter, Aidan J Weichard, Margot J Davey, Gillian M Nixon, Rosemary S C Horne
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether overweight and obesity increased the detrimental effects of pediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) on cognition, behavior, mood, and quality of life. METHODS: Children and adolescents (8-16 years) with clinically diagnosed SDB were categorized into two groups: healthy weight (Body Mass Index (BMI) z-score <1.04, N = 11) and overweight/obese (BMI z-score ≥ 1.04, N = 10). Age-matched healthy weight, non-snoring controls (N = 25) were recruited from the community...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157171/effect-of-changes-in-periodic-limb-movements-under-cpap-on-adherence-and-long-term-compliance-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#17
Gimbada B Mwenge, Ihsan Rougui, Daniel Rodenstein
Purpose of the study Periodic leg movements (PLMs) are found in 30% of patients suffering from OSA. Under CPAP, we observed that PLMs can increase, decrease, or remain unchanged. The predictors of these changes are not well established. Objective To determine the predictors of PLMs change under CPAP and its impact on long-term adherence. Materials and method The patients were referred to the sleep laboratory for snoring or sleepiness. A single PSG night has been performed before and after CPAP treatment. Data on medication used, comorbidities and ferritin level were collected...
November 20, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149621/the-risk-factors-related-to-bruxism-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Huaqi Guo, Tongxia Wang, Xiaohong Niu, Hui Wang, Weihan Yang, Jie Qiu, Lan Yang
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review was performed to determine the risk factors related to bruxism in children. DESIGN: This systematic review was conducted with reporting in agreement to the PRISMA statement and according to guidelines from the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. We conducted a systematic search of seven online databases, with the last search updated on 1st October 2016. The seven databases were Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library database, Web of Science, CNKI, CBM, and WF...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142787/sleep-apnea-symptoms-and-cardiovascular-disease-risks-among-haitian-medical-students
#19
Diana M Rosenthal, Donaldson F Conserve, Dodley Severe, Michaele A Gedeon, Ferdinand Zizi, Georges Casimir, Samy I McFarlane, Girardin Jean Louis
Sleep apnea is a prevalent sleep disorder that disproportionately affects blacks and has been previously studied among Caribbean-born blacks in Brooklyn, New York, but there has been negligible research in the Caribbean, specifically Haiti, and developing countries on this pressing health issue. A total of 373 medical students (mean age=20.6 years ± 2.3 years) from a medical school in Haiti participated in this study. Participants were administered a questionnaire assessing their sleep health and cardiovascular outcomes...
April 2017: Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135910/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-recurrent-wheeze-asthma-a-single-centre-study
#20
Marco Zaffanello, Emma Gasperi, Laura Tenero, Michele Piazza, Angelo Pietrobelli, Luca Sacchetto, Franco Antoniazzi, Giorgio Piacentini
The relationship between asthma and sleep-disordered breathing is bidirectional due to common risk factors that promote airway inflammation. Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing and recurrent wheeze/asthma are conditions that involve the upper and the lower respiratory system, respectively. The aim of the present study was to investigate the sleep disordered breathing in children with recurrent wheeze/asthma. This was a retrospective study concerning children older than 2 years who underwent-between January 2014 and November 2016-an in-laboratory overnight polygraphic study...
November 14, 2017: Children
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