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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238295/use-of-intranasal-corticosteroids-in-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy
#1
E U Sakarya, N Bayar Muluk, E G Sakalar, M Senturk, M Aricigil, S A Bafaqeeh, C Cingi
OBJECTIVES: This review examined the efficacy of intranasal corticosteroids for improving adenotonsillar hypertrophy. METHOD: The related literature was searched using PubMed and Proquest Central databases. RESULTS: Adenotonsillar hypertrophy causes mouth breathing, nasal congestion, hyponasal speech, snoring, obstructive sleep apnoea, chronic sinusitis and recurrent otitis media. Adenoidal hypertrophy results in the obstruction of nasal passages and Eustachian tubes, and blocks the clearance of nasal mucus...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236270/oxidative-and-carbonyl-stress-in-pregnant-women-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#2
Nazia Khan, Geralyn Lambert-Messerlian, Joao Filipe Monteiro, Julius Hodosy, Ľubomíra Tóthová, Peter Celec, Elizabeth Eklund, Patrizia Curran, Ghada Bourjeily
PURPOSE: Pregnant women are particularly susceptible to sleep-disordered breathing. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in pregnancy is associated with poor pregnancy and fetal outcomes. Oxidative stress caused by intermittent hypoxemia and reoxygenation may impact pregnancy health. We hypothesize that pregnant women with OSA have a pronounced oxidative stress profile. METHODS: A case-control study was performed to study oxidative stress markers in the serum of pregnant women with or without OSA...
February 24, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235504/usefulness-and-diagnostic-value-of-the-nema-parameter-combined-with-other-selected-bedside-tests-for-prediction-of-difficult-intubation
#3
Kamil Torres, Marcin Błoński, Łukasz Pietrzyk, Małgorzata Piasecka-Twaróg, Ryszard Maciejewski, Anna Torres
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the usefulness of the new NEMA (Neck Circumference Minus Acromion-Acromion Distance) parameter, in preoperative identification of patients' difficult intubation and compare it with other commonly used scales and tests. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: District Specialist Hospital of Lublin, Poland. PATIENTS: Six hundreds twenty-nine patients underwent nonemergency surgical interventions...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227708/towards-detection-of-sleep-apnea-events-by-combining-different-non-contact-measurement-modalities
#4
Abdul Q Javaid, Carlo M Noble, Russell Rosenberg, Mary A Weitnauer, Abdul Q Javaid, Carlo M Noble, Russell Rosenberg, Mary A Weitnauer, Carlo M Noble, Abdul Q Javaid, Mary A Weitnauer, Russell Rosenberg
In this work, we extract features from an under-the-mattress impulse radio ultra-wide band (IR-UWB) radar and a microphone, placed on the side table of the bed, to classify epochs belonging to normal sleep and those that contain an apnea event in them. Sleep apnea is the most common form of sleep related breathing disorder in adults with an estimated prevalance of 5-15%. The common diagnostic process for sleep apnea, polysomnography (PSG), involves sleeping in well-equipped sleep clinics. The cost and discomfort associated with the process has spurred research towards the design of portable home-based monitoring devices...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227202/snoring-sound-classification-from-respiratory-signal
#5
Mehrnaz Shokrollahi, Shumit Saha, Peyman Hadi, Frank Rudzicz, Azadeh Yadollahi, Mehrnaz Shokrollahi, Shumit Saha, Peyman Hadi, Frank Rudzicz, Azadeh Yadollahi, Frank Rudzicz, Mehrnaz Shokrollahi, Azadeh Yadollahi, Peyman Hadi, Shumit Saha
Snoring is common in the general population and the irregularity could lead to the presence of Obstructive sleep apnea. Diagnosis of OSA could therefore be made by snoring sound analysis. However, there is still a shortage of robust methods to automatically detect snoring sounds without the need to calibrate for every individual. In this paper, a novel method based on neural network is proposed to classify breathing sound episodes from snoring and non-snoring sound segments. Our snore detection algorithm was applied to the tracheal sounds of nine individuals with different OSA severities...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227112/estimation-of-macro-sleep-stages-from-whole-night-audio-analysis
#6
E Dafna, M Halevi, D Ben Or, A Tarasiuk, Y Zigel, E Dafna, M Halevi, D Ben Or, A Tarasiuk, Y Zigel, D Ben Or, Y Zigel, M Halevi, E Dafna, A Tarasiuk
During routine sleep diagnostic procedure, sleep is broadly divided into three states: rapid eye movement (REM), non-REM (NREM) states, and wake, frequently named macro-sleep stages (MSS). In this study, we present a pioneering attempt for MSS detection using full night audio analysis. Our working hypothesis is that there might be differences in sound properties within each MSS due to breathing efforts (or snores) and body movements in bed. In this study, audio signals of 35 patients referred to a sleep laboratory were recorded and analyzed...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226965/distinguishing-obstructive-from-central-sleep-apneas-and-hypopneas-using-linear-svm-and-acoustic-features
#7
Richard Hummel, T Douglas Bradley, Devin Packer, Hisham Alshaer, Richard Hummel, T Douglas Bradley, Devin Packer, Hisham Alshaer, Devin Packer, T Douglas Bradley, Hisham Alshaer, Richard Hummel
Sleep Apnea (SA) is a very common but underdiagnosed respiratory disorder. SA has 2 main types, obstructive and central sleep apnea (OSA and CSA, respectively). The distinction between the 2 types is important for proper clinical management. Our aim in this study was to deploy acoustic analysis of breath sounds to distinguish central from obstructive events. We recorded breath sounds from 29 patients from which 45 segments with obstructive only and 40 segments with central only respiratory events were isolated...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224648/impacts-of-disease-severity-on-postoperative-complications-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#8
Kun-Tai Kang, I-Sheng Chang, Chia-Chen Tseng, Wen-Chin Weng, Tzu-Yu Hsiao, Pei-Lin Lee, Wei-Chung Hsu
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the effects of diseases severity on postoperative complications following adenotonsillectomy (T&A) in children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Children aged <18 years were enrolled and underwent T&A for treating SDB. Polysomnography was used to classify the disease severity: primary snoring (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] <1), mild (AHI = 1-5), moderate (AHI = 5-10), and severe obstructive sleep apnea [OSA] (AHI ≥10)...
February 22, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223093/association-between-circulating-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2-and-cardiac-remodeling-in-hypertensive-patients
#9
Shichao Li, Zhijun Wang, Xiuhong Yang, Bo Hu, Yuling Huang, Sujing Fan
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of hypertension-induced cardiac remodeling and exhibits cardioprotective properties in hypertensive animal models. Evidence that ACE2 is an important regulator of hypertensive cardiac remodeling in humans has not been addressed directly yet. METHODS: A total of 161 patients with essential hypertension and 47 age- and sex-matched normotensive healthy subjects were consecutively recruited...
February 18, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215253/early-features-associated-with-the-neurocognitive-development-at-36-months-of-age-the-aube-study
#10
Sabine Plancoulaine, Camille Stagnara, Sophie Flori, Flora Bat-Pitault, Jian-Sheng Lin, Hugues Patural, Patricia Franco
BACKGROUND: Few studies on the relations between sleep quantity and/or quality and cognition have been conducted among preschoolers from healthy general population. We aimed at identifying, among 36 months old children, early factors associated with intelligence quotient (IQ) estimated through the Weschler Preschool and Primary Scale Intelligence-III test and its indicators: Full-Scale-, Verbal- and Performance-IQs and their subscale scores. METHODS: We included 194 children from the French birth cohort AuBE with both available Weschler Preschool and Primary Scale Intelligence-III scores at three years and sleep data...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215243/snoring-resolution-with-vagus-nerve-stimulator-activation
#11
Romy Hoque, Donald L Bliwise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215238/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Engin Koyuncu, Mustafa H Türkkani, Fatma G Sarikaya, Neşe Özgirgin
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP), and determine whether a relationship between SDB and age, gender, weight status, type of CP, motor function level, and spasticity can be established. METHODS: The study included 94 children with CP and 94 healthy children with normal development, between the ages two and 18. SDB was assessed using the Sleep-Related Breathing Disorder (SRBD) scale of the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ)...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214605/the-effect-of-sitting-and-calf-activity-on-leg-fluid-and-snoring
#13
Bhajan Singh, Azadeh Yadollahi, Owen Lyons, Hisham Alshaer, T Douglas Bradley
Prolonged sitting may promote leg fluid retention that redistributes to the neck during sleep and contributes to snoring. This could be attenuated by calf activity while sitting. In 16 healthy non-obese subjects we measured leg fluid volume (LFV) below the knees using bioelectrical impedance while sitting for 4h, snoring using a portable BresoDx™ device, and Mallampati grade. Using a double cross-over study design, subjects were randomized to one of two arms and crossed-over one week later: control arm - no calf exercise while sitting; intervention arm - calf contraction against a pedal resistance while sitting...
February 16, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213776/the-importance-of-drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-d-i-s-e-techniques-in-surgical-decision-making-conventional-versus-target-controlled-infusion-techniques-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study-and-a-retrospective-surgical-outcomes-analysis
#14
Andrea De Vito, Vanni Agnoletti, Gianluca Zani, Ruggero Massimo Corso, Giovanni D'Agostino, Elisabetta Firinu, Chiara Marchi, Ying-Shuo Hsu, Stefano Maitan, Claudio Vicini
Drug-Induced Sedation Endoscopy (DISE) consists of the direct observation of the upper airways during sedative-induced sleep, allowing the identification of the sites of pharyngeal collapse, which is the main pathological event in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). The Authors have compared Target Controlled Infusion (TCI) sedation endoscopy (TCI-DISE) technique to conventional DISE (CDISE), performed by a manual bolus injection of sedative agent, to recreate accurately and safely snoring and apnea patterns comparable to natural sleep...
February 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213632/preventing-weight-gain-improves-sleep-quality-among-black-women-results-from-a-rct
#15
Dori M Steinberg, Jacob Christy, Bryan C Batch, Sandy Askew, Reneé H Moore, Portia Parker, Gary G Bennett
BACKGROUND: Obesity and poor sleep are highly prevalent among Black women. PURPOSE: We examined whether a weight gain prevention intervention improved sleep among Black women. METHODS: We conducted a randomized trial comparing a 12-month weight gain prevention intervention that included self-monitoring through mobile technologies and phone coaching to usual care in community health centers. We measured sleep using the Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale at baseline, 12 months, and 18 months...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213200/validation-of-a-quantitative-method-to-measure-neural-respiratory-drive-in-children-during-sleep
#16
Sandra Ya-Chu Chuang, Arthur Teng, Jane Elizabeth Butler, Simon Charles Gandevia, Hiran Selvadurai, Adam Jaffe
AIMS: Quantitatively measure and validate analysis of neural respiratory drive (NRD) using a commercial polysomnography system in children during sleep. METHOD: Surface electromyogram of the diaphragm (sEMGdi) recorded from primary snoring children were analysed. A subset was re-analysed to assess intra- and inter-investigator reproducibility. Effects of different band pass filter settings (20-100Hz vs 10-1000Hz) on sEMGdi amplitude were evaluated. RESULTS: Mean sEMGdi from 45 children aged 4...
February 14, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212303/associations-of-overweight-obesity-and-related-factors-with-sleep-related-breathing-disorders-and-snoring-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Yue Ma, Liping Peng, Changgui Kou, Shucheng Hua, Haibo Yuan
Background: Sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) have been identified as a major public health problem closely related to adolescent obesity. We aimed to estimate the prevalences of SRBD and snoring in adolescents in Changchun City, Northeastern China, and to evaluate the associated factors in this population. Methods: In total, 1955 adolescents aged 11-18 years were recruited in Changchun City using stratified cluster sampling. Parents and caretakers of children completed the questionnaires, which included demographic characteristics, anthropometric parameters and a pediatric sleep questionnaire (SRBD scale)...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194999/upper-airway-stimulation-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#18
M Boyd Gillespie, Ryan J Soose, B Tucker Woodson, Kingman P Strohl, Joachim T Maurer, Nico de Vries, David L Steward, Jonathan Z Baskin, M Safwan Badr, Ho-Sheng Lin, Tapan A Padhya, Sam Mickelson, W McDowell Anderson, Olivier M Vanderveken, Patrick J Strollo
Objective To assess patient-based outcomes of participants in a large cohort study-the STAR trial (Stimulation Therapy for Apnea Reduction)-48 months after implantation with an upper airway stimulation system for moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea. Study Design A multicenter prospective cohort study. Setting Industry-supported multicenter academic and clinical setting. Subjects Participants (n = 91) at 48 months from a cohort of 126 implanted participants. Methods A total of 126 participants received an implanted upper airway stimulation system in a prospective phase III trial...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193298/does-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-change-the-surgical-decision-in-surgically-na%C3%A3-ve-non-syndromic-children-with-snoring-sleep-disordered-breathing-from-the-standard-adenotonsillectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Malak Jamal Gazzaz, André Isaac, Scott Anderson, Noura Alsufyani, Yaser Alrajhi, Hamdy El-Hakim
BACKGROUND: Adenotonsillectomy is the most commonly performed operation for pediatric snoring/sleep disordered breathing (S/SDB). However, 20-40% of patients will fail to improve. Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) may provide a more individualized surgical plan and limit unsuccessful surgeries. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of DISE on surgical decision-making in surgically naïve children with S/SDB. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study was undertaken at the Stollery Children's Hospital...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185010/evaluation-of-effects-of-anterior-palatoplasty-operation-on-upper-airway-parameters-in-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-pure-snoring-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#20
Adin Selcuk, Tulay Ozer, Erkan Esen, Fatih Ozdogan, Halil Erdem Ozel, Turgut Yuce, Sebla Caliskan, Sinem Dasli, Nagihan Bilal, Gulden Genc, Selahattin Genc
AIM: To investigate changes in upper airway volume parameters measured by computerized tomography scans in patients with surgically treated by anterior palatoplasty of whom having pure snoring and mild-moderate obstructive sleep apnea. METHOD: A prospective study on consecutively anterior palatoplasty performed pure snoring and obstructive sleep apnea patients. Computerized tomography scans were obtained preoperatively and following anterior palatoplasty procedure to measure changes in upper airway volume...
February 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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