Read by QxMD icon Read

DHEA AND Testosterone

Maria Magdalena Montt-Guevara, Jorge Eduardo Shortrede, Maria Silvia Giretti, Andrea Giannini, Paolo Mannella, Eleonora Russo, Alessandro David Genazzani, Tommaso Simoncini
The relationship between androgens and breast cancer is controversial. Androgens have complex effects on breast cancer progression and metastasis. Moreover, androgen receptor (AR) is expressed in approximately 70 to 90% of invasive breast carcinomas, which has prognostic relevance in basal-like cancers and in triple-negative breast cancers. Recent studies have associated the actin-binding proteins of the ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) family with metastasis in endocrine-sensitive cancers. We studied on T47D breast cancer cells whether androgens with different characteristics, such as testosterone (T), dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) may regulate breast cancer cell motility and invasion through the control of actin remodeling...
2016: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Alexander J Frey, Qingqing Wang, Christine Busch, Daniel Feldman, Lisa Bottalico, Clementina A Mesaros, Ian A Blair, Anil Vachani, Nathaniel W Snyder
A multiplexed quantitative method for the analysis of three major unconjugated steroids in human serum by stable isotope dilution liquid chromatography- high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) was developed and validated on a Q Exactive Plus hybrid quadrupole/Orbitrap mass spectrometer. This quantification utilized isotope dilution and Girard P derivatization on the keto-groups of testosterone (T), androstenedione (AD) and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) to improve ionization efficiency using electrospray ionization...
October 12, 2016: Steroids
Batool Hossein Rashidi, Mansoureh Gorginzadeh, Soroush Aalipour, Eric Scott Sills
Objective: To compare serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and other endocrine parameters between patients diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and age-matched ovulatory women. Materials and methods: AMH, DHEAS, FSH, LH, PRL, TSH and total testosterone (TT) were prospectively measured in oligo-ovulatory PCOS patients (n = 595) and in ovulatory non-PCOS women (n = 157) referred to a tertiary infertility center. Mean BMI was similar across the two study populations and there were no smokers in the sample...
October 10, 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Min Jae Kang, Jeong Seon Lee, Hwa Young Kim, Hae Woon Jung, Young Ah Lee, Sun Hee Lee, Ji-Young Seo, Jae Hyun Kim, Hye Rim Chung, Se Young Kim, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
The CAG repeat length of the androgen receptor (AR) gene, which exhibits an inverse relationship to AR sensitivity, might influence the development of the pubarche along with hyperandrogenemia. There are ethnic differences in the AR CAG repeat length, however, no Asian studies on premature pubarche (PP) have been reported, including Korea. Our objectives were to examine the hormone levels and AR CAG repeat length, and to assess their contributions to PP in Korean girls. Subjects with PP (n=16) and normal pubarche (NP, n=16), and normal controls (NC, n=16) were enrolled...
October 6, 2016: Endocrine Journal
Kemal Atasayan, Tevfik Yoldemir, Sedef Ramoglu, Dilek Gogas Yavuz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the endothelial function and structure in patients with hirsutism in reproductive age. STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted on 69 consecutive women admitted with complaints of hirsutism and 63 voluntary healthy women, as controls. A total of 132 subjects who applied to the Gynecology and Infertility Outpatient Clinics were included. Participants with modified Ferriman Gallway (mFG) score over 8 were considered to be hirsute. The demographic, metabolic, hormonal characteristics, risk factors of cardiovascular disease, CIMT (carotis intima media thickness) and FMD (flow-mediated dilatation) were compared between hirsute women and those in the control group...
October 3, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Edgar Flores-Soto, Jorge Reyes-García, Abril Carbajal-García, Elías Campuzano-González, Mercedes Perusquía, Bettina Sommer, Luis M Montaño
: Testosterone (TES), other androgens and female sex steroids induce non-genomic rapid relaxing effects in airway smooth muscle (ASM). In guinea pig ASM, basal tension was relaxed by dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and TES; 17β-estradiol (E2) had a small effect. Blockers of L-type voltage dependent Ca(2+) channel (L-VDCC, D-600) and store operated Ca(2+) channel (SOC, 2-APB) also relaxed the basal tone. In tracheal myocytes, DHEA and TES diminished intracellular basal Ca(2+) concentrations (b[Ca(2+)]i) as D-600+2-APB but to a higher extend...
October 4, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Marjaana Viljanto, James Scarth, Pamela Hincks, Lynn Hillyer, Adam Cawley, Craig Suann, Glenys Noble, Christopher J Walker, Andrew T Kicman, Mark C Parkin
Detection of testosterone and/or its pro-drugs in the gelding is currently regulated by the application of an international threshold for urinary testosterone of 20 ng/mL. The use of steroid ratios may provide a useful supplementary approach to aid in differentiating between the administration of these steroids and unusual physiological conditions that may result in atypically high testosterone concentrations. In the current study, an ultra high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method was developed to quantify testosterone (T) and epitestosterone (E)...
October 7, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
Kathrine Eggers Pedersen, Robert J Letcher, Christian Sonne, Rune Dietz, Bjarne Styrishave
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are emerging in the Arctic and accumulate in brain tissues of East Greenland (EG) polar bears. In vitro studies have shown that PFASs might possess endocrine disrupting abilities and therefore the present study was conducted to investigate potential PFAS induced alterations in brain steroid concentrations. The concentrations of eleven steroid hormones were determined in eight brain regions from ten EG polar bears. Pregnenolone (PRE), the dominant progestagen, was found in mean concentrations of 5-47ng/g (ww) depending on brain region...
September 27, 2016: Environment International
Amy A Lubik, Mannan Nouri, Sarah Truong, Mazyar Ghaffari, Hans H Adomat, Eva Corey, Michael E Cox, Na Li, Emma S Guns, Parvin Yenki, Steven Pham, Ralph Buttyan
Despite the substantial benefit of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa), patients often progress to castration-resistant disease (CRPC) that is more difficult to treat. CRPC is associated with renewed androgen receptor (AR) activity in tumor cells and restoration of tumor androgen levels through acquired intratumoral steroidogenesis (AIS). While prostate cancer (PCa) cells have been shown to have steroidogenic capability in vitro, we previously found that benign prostate stromal cells (PrSCs) can also synthesize testosterone (T) from an adrenal precursor, DHEA, when stimulated with a hedgehog (Hh) pathway agonist, SAG...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Katarzyna Kulej-Lyko, Jacek Majda, Stephan von Haehling, Wolfram Doehner, Monika Lopuszanska, Alicja Szklarska, Waldemar Banasiak, Stefan D Anker, Piotr Ponikowski, Ewa A Jankowska
BACKGROUND: Testosterone (TT) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) are neurosteroids and their deficiencies constitute the hormone risk factors promoting the development of depression in elderly otherwise healthy men. We investigated the link between hypogonadism and depression in accordance with age and concomitant diseases in men with systolic HF using the novel scale previously dedicated for elderly population. METHODS: We analysed the prevalence of depression and severity of depressive symptoms in population of 226 men with systolic HF (40-80 years) compared to 379 healthy peers...
September 20, 2016: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
Shin-Hye Kim, Ju-Yeon Moon, Hironobu Sasano, Man Ho Choi, Mi-Jung Park
CONTEXT: Pediatric obesity has been related to hyperandrogenism and premature adrenarche in previous studies. However, little is known regarding the association between body fat mass and steroidogenic enzyme activities in children. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether body fat mass is associated with serum steroid profiles in girls. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND SETTING: We enrolled 242 girls (125 prepubertal, 117 pubertal; aged 7-13 years). Early morning blood samples were drawn at a university hospital to measure serum steroid profiles using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and steroidogenic enzyme activities were assessed from the ratios of steroid metabolites...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
S M Green, A Kaipainen, K Bullock, A Zhang, J M Lucas, C Matson, W A Banks, E A Mostaghel
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic and in vitro studies suggest that SLCO-encoded organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) transporters influence the response of prostate cancer (PCa) to androgen deprivation by altering intratumor androgens. We have previously shown that castration-resistant metastases express multiple SLCO transporters at significantly higher levels than primary PCa, suggesting that OATP-mediated steroid transport is biologically relevant in advanced disease. However, whether OATP-mediated steroid transport can actually modify prostate tumor androgen levels in vivo has never been demonstrated...
September 20, 2016: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
Oskar Ragnarsson, Penelope Trimpou, Göran Oleröd, Kerstin Landin-Wilhelmsen
OBJECTIVE: Abnormal secretion of thyroid hormones, growth hormone, cortisol and androgens influences body composition. We hypothesised that higher cortisol excretion, in combination with higher androgen and IGF-I concentrations, had a synergistic, favourable effect on body mass and bone. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study on a population sample of 290 women and 93men. The mean age was 65.4±7.2yearsinwomen and 59.7±10.0yearsinmen. Body composition was assessed with bioimpedance, and skeletal health with calcaneal quantitative ultrasound and fracture rate...
November 2016: Steroids
J K O'Brien, K J Steinman, G A Fetter, T R Robeck
Circulating concentrations of testosterone and its precursor androstenedione, as well as dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and the adrenal hormones cortisol and corticosterone were measured at monthly intervals in 14 male killer whales (Orcinus orca) aged 0.8-38 years. Analyses were performed for examination of the relationships of age, sexual maturation status (STATUS), season, and environmental temperature (monthly air ambient temperature, A-TEMP) with hormone production using a mixed effects linear regression model with animal ID as the random variable...
September 16, 2016: Andrology
Ozan Dogan, Ahmet Yildiz, Osman Temizkan, Cigdem Pulatoglu
OBJECTIVES: Blood flow to uterus and ovaries is demonstrated to be altered during mensturation. Studies has been published stating that blood flow differs also in ovulatory and anovulatory cycles. In this study, using color Doppler ultrasound, we aim to compare uterine, endometrial and ovarian blood flow during ovulatory and anovulatory cycles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Women volunteers who are aged between 18-40 had no endocrinological problem and not recieving exogenous hormone therapy were included to study...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Blair T Crewther, Zbigniew Obminski, Christian J Cook
PURPOSE: To examine the steroid hormone effect on the physical performance of young athletes during an Olympic weightlifting competition. METHODS: 26 boys and 26 girls were monitored across 2 weightlifting competitions. Pre- and post-competition testosterone (T), cortisol (C) and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulphate (DHEA-s) were measured in blood, with pre-event free T (FT) and the free androgen index (FAI) calculated. Body mass (BM) and weightlifting performance were recorded...
September 6, 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
Andreas Walther, Michel Philipp, Niclà Lozza, Ulrike Ehlert
Research on healthy aging in men has increasingly focused on age-related hormonal changes. Testosterone (T) decline is primarily investigated, while age-related changes in other sex steroids (dehydroepiandrosterone [DHEA], estradiol [E2], progesterone [P]) are mostly neglected. An integrated hormone parameter reflecting aging processes in men has yet to be identified. 271 self-reporting healthy men between 40 and 75 provided both psychometric data and saliva samples for hormone analysis. Correlation analysis between age and sex steroids revealed negative associations for the four sex steroids (T, DHEA, E2, and P)...
August 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Alexander Gaudl, Juergen Kratzsch, Yoon Ju Bae, Wieland Kiess, Joachim Thiery, Uta Ceglarek
Steroid analysis is being conquered by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) benefiting from higher standardization, selectivity and diversity. Regarding high throughput in routine diagnostics rapid chromatography is mandatory. Introducing MS(3) (MS/MS/MS), specificity of mass spectrometric detection can be enhanced without sacrificing analysis time. 100mL of human plasma/serum, saliva, urine and 10-20mg of hair are used for the simultaneous quantification of 17α-hydroxyprogesterone, aldosterone, androstenedione, cortisol, cortisone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), estradiol, progesterone, and testosterone using online solid phase extraction (SPE) LC-MS/MS or LC-MS(3)...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Julia Shinnick, Carlos R Abramowsky, Nasim Khoshnam, Justine S Broecker, Diana Metry, Andrea C Thomas, Cheri L Curtis, Bahig M Shehata
Leydig cell nodular hyperplasia (LCNH) is a lesion that is less characterized than the familiar Leydig cell tumors. The paracrine effects of these lesions on adjacent gonadal stroma have not been widely documented. We present two cases of precocious puberty in pre-pubertal boys found to have a single LCNH with adjacent focal maturation of the seminiferous tubules. Blood tests showed elevated serum testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEAS). Ultrasound revealed unilateral testicular enlargement with irregular echogenicity...
August 23, 2016: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
Alberto Sánchez-Guijo, Jens Neunzig, Adrian Gerber, Vinzenz Oji, Michaela F Hartmann, Hans-Christian Schuppe, Heiko Traupe, Rita Bernhardt, Stefan A Wudy
The impact of steroid sulfatase (STS) activity in the circulating levels of both sulfated and unconjugated steroids is only partially known. In addition, the sulfated steroid pathway, a parallel pathway to the one for unconjugated steroids, which uses the same enzymes, has never been characterized in detail before. Patients with steroid sulfatase deficiency (STSD) are unable to enzymatically convert sulfated steroids into their unconjugated forms, and are a good model to elucidate how STS affects steroid biosynthesis and to study the metabolism of sulfated steroids...
December 5, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"