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Chafia Allam, Ouiza Toumi, Nawel Benhassine, Wahiba Chenaf, Nedjma Bouyaghoub, Meriem Bachiri, Ahmed Ahras
OBJECTIVE: Patients with conversion paralyses have the same disabilities and handicaps as patients with organic paralyses. We report 4 cases of patients with conversion paralyses who have been managed in our physical medicine and rehabilitation department during twelve months. OBSERVATIONS: Two women and 2 men ages 33, 19, 18 and 41 years presented conversion paralyses. The paralyses were varied: hemiplegia, paraplegia, paralysis of the upper limb and paralysis of the lower limb...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Hongying Fan, Qisha Zhu, Guorong Ma, Chanchan Shen, Bingren Zhang, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Cultural and personality factors might contribute to the clinical differences of psychiatric patients all over the world including China. One cultural oriented Chinese Adjective Descriptors of Personality (CADP) designed to measure normal personality traits, might be specifically associated with different personality disorder functioning styles. METHODS: We therefore have invited 201 healthy volunteers and 67 personality disorder patients to undergo CADP, the Parker Personality Measure (PERM), and the Plutchik-van Praag Depression Inventory (PVP) tests...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Lorenzo Pelizza, Simona Pupo
The term "brittle" is used to describe an uncommon subgroup of patients with type I diabetes whose lives are disrupted by severe glycaemic instability with repeated and prolonged hospitalization. Psychosocial problems are the major perceived underlying causes of brittle diabetes. Aim of this study is a systematic psychopathological and personological assessment of patients with brittle diabetes in comparison with subjects without brittle diabetes, using specific parameters of general psychopathology and personality disorders following the multi-axial format of the current DSM-IV-TR (Diagnostic and Statistical manual of Mental Disorders - IV Edition - Text Revised) diagnostic criteria for mental disorders...
November 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
YanYan Wei, TianHong Zhang, Annabelle Chow, YingYing Tang, LiHua Xu, YunFei Dai, XiaoHua Liu, Tong Su, Xiao Pan, Yi Cui, ZiQiang Li, KaiDa Jiang, ZePing Xiao, YunXiang Tang, JiJun Wang
BACKGROUND: The reported rates of personality disorder (PD) in subjects with schizophrenia (SZ) are quite varied across different countries, and less is known about the heterogeneity of PD among subjects with SZ. We examined the co-morbidity of PD among patients who are in the stable phase of SZ. METHOD: 850 subjects were randomly sampled from patients diagnosed with SZ in psychiatric and psycho-counseling clinics at Shanghai Mental Health Center. Co-morbidity of PDs was assessed through preliminary screening and patients were administered several modules of the SCID-II...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Mitra Hakim Shooshtari, Seyyed Kazem Malakouti, Leili Panaghi, Shohreh Mohseni, Naghmeh Mansouri, Afarin Rahimi Movaghar
CONTEXT: Suicide prevention is a health service priority. Some surveys have assessed suicidal behaviors and potential risk factors. OBJECTIVES: The current paper aimed to gather information about etiology of suicide attempts in Iran. DATA SOURCES: Pubmed, ISI web of science, PsychInfo, IranPsych, IranMedex, IranDoc as well as gray literature were searched. STUDY SELECTION: By electronic and gray literature search, 128 articles were enrolled in this paper...
March 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Shae E Quirk, Michael Berk, Julie A Pasco, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Andrew M Chanen, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Lisa M Burke, Henry J Jackson, Carol Hulbert, Craig A Olsson, Paul Moran, Amanda L Stuart, Lana J Williams
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the prevalence and age distribution of personality disorders and their comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders in an age-stratified sample of Australian women aged ⩾25 years. METHODS: Individual personality disorders (paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, histrionic, narcissistic, borderline, antisocial, avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive), lifetime mood, anxiety, eating and substance misuse disorders were diagnosed utilising validated semi-structured clinical interviews (Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders, Research Version, Non-patient Edition and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders)...
May 30, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Younes Aatti, Raymund Schwan, Louis Maillard, Aileen McGonigal, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi, Bertrand de Toffol, Wissam El-Hage, Coraline Hingray
OBJECTIVE: The principal aim of the study was two-fold: to determine French psychiatrists' level of general knowledge of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) and to evaluate their perceptions of this condition in a standardized way. The secondary aim was to describe the relationship between level of education and knowledge of PNES and level of experience of case management and perceptions of PNES. METHODS: In this study, psychiatrists were invited by email to answer an online survey...
July 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Dirk Zimmermann, Julian Rubel, Andrew C Page, Wolfgang Lutz
BACKGROUND: Whereas therapist effects on outcome have been a research topic for several years, the influence of therapists on premature treatment termination (dropout) has hardly been investigated. Since dropout is common during psychological treatment, and its occurrence has important implications for both the individual patient and the healthcare system, it is important to identify the factors associated with it. METHOD: Participants included 707 patients in outpatient psychotherapy treated by 66 therapists...
May 10, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Nina A Cooperman, Shou-En Lu, Kimber P Richter, Steven L Bernstein, Jill M Williams
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate how psychiatric and personality disorders influence smoking cessation goals and attempts among people with opiate dependence who smoke. This information could aid the development of more effective cessation interventions for these individuals. METHODS: Participants (N = 116) were recruited from two methadone clinics, completed the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III, and were asked about their smoking behavior and quitting goals...
April 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Joseph E Beeney, Aidan G C Wright, Stephanie D Stepp, Michael N Hallquist, Sophie A Lazarus, Julie R S Beeney, Lori N Scott, Paul A Pilkonis
Though researchers have attended to disorganized attachment in infants and children, they have infrequently focused on the character of disorganized attachment in adults. In this study, we aimed to identify clusters of participants based on attachment levels and styles, seeking to better delineate severity and stylistic differences in disorganized attachment than has been previously articulated. We used a new assessment approach focused on a hierarchy of attachment organization, including secure, insecure (dismissive and preoccupied), rigid-controlling (hostile control and compulsive caregiving), and disorganized (contradictory, impoverished, and unresolved) levels of attachment...
March 17, 2016: Personality Disorders
I Muñoz, M S Hernández, S Santos, C Jurado, L Ruiz, E Toribio, E M Sotelo, A L Guerrero, V Molina, F Uribe, M L Cuadrado
BACKGROUND: Cluster headache (CH) has been associated with certain personality traits and lifestyle features, but there are few studies assessing personality profiles in CH. We aimed to analyze personality traits in patients with CH, and to compare them with those found in migraine. METHODS: We included all consecutive patients with CH attending 5 outpatient offices between January and December 2013. Personality traits were evaluated using the Salamanca screening test, a validated inventory assessing 11 personality traits grouped in 3 clusters...
2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
Daria Piacentino, Massimo Pasquini, Lorenzo Tarsitani, Isabella Berardelli, Valentina Roselli, Annalisa Maraone, Massimo Biondi
BACKGROUND: Despite the theoretical and clinical relevance of psychopathological dimensions in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), no studies to date have investigated their possible association with obsession subtypes. Thus, we aimed to examine whether, in OCD patients, anger and other psychopathological dimensions are associated with specific obsession subtypes. METHODS: We consecutively recruited 57 first-visit OCD patients (66.7% female, mean age 34 years) at our Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic...
2016: Psychopathology
Fatih Kayhan, Adem Küçük, Yılmaz Satan, Erdem İlgün, Şevket Arslan, Faik İlik
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the current prevalence of sexual dysfunction (SD), mood, anxiety, and personality disorders in female patients with fibromyalgia (FM). METHODS: This case-control study involved 96 patients with FM and 94 healthy women. The SD diagnosis was based on a psychiatric interview in accordance with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition criteria. Mood and anxiety disorders were diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Cristina Crego, Chelsea E Sleep, Thomas A Widiger
Proposed for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) was a five-domain, 25-dimensional trait model that would have constituted a significant part of the diagnostic criteria for each personality disorder. A primary concern with respect to the proposal was that clinicians might find such an approach to be unacceptable. This study provides results from three independent data collections that compared clinicians' clinical utility ratings for each iteration of the DSM-5 dimensional trait assignments, along with an alternative list of traits derived from the Five Factor Form (FFF)...
January 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Lotte L M Bamelis, Arnoud Arntz, Pim Wetzelaer, Ryanne Verdoorn, Silvia M A A Evers
PURPOSE: To compare from a societal perspective the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of schema therapy, clarification-oriented psychotherapy, and treatment as usual for patients with avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive, paranoid, histrionic, and/or narcissistic personality disorder. METHOD: A multicenter, randomized controlled trial, single-blind parallel design, was conducted between May 2006 and December 2011 in 12 Dutch mental health institutes. Data from 320 patients (diagnosed according to DSM-IV criteria) randomly assigned to schema therapy (n = 145), treatment as usual (n = 134), or clarification-oriented psychotherapy (n = 41) were analyzed...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Filipa Novais, Andreia Araújo, Paula Godinho
Histrionic Personality Disorder is one of the most ambiguous diagnostic categories in psychiatry. Hysteria is a classical term that includes a wide variety of psychopathological states. Ancient Egyptians and Greeks blamed a displaced womb, for many women's afflictions. Several researchers from the 18th and 19th centuries studied this theme, namely, Charcot who defined hysteria as a "neurosis" with an organic basis and Sigmund Freud who redefined "neurosis" as a re-experience of past psychological trauma. Histrionic personality disorder (HPD) made its first official appearance in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders II (DSM-II) and since the DSM-III, HPD is the only disorder that kept the term derived from the old concept of hysteria...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Lu Chen, Yangxin Huang, Stephanie Kasen, Andrew Skodol, Patricia Cohen, Henian Chen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations between adolescent personality disorder (PD) and obesity 17 years later. METHODS: The Children in the Community is a longitudinal study based on a randomly sampled cohort of families, in effect since 1975. PDs were assessed in youths by self-report and mother report in 1985 to 1986, when participants were at an average age of 16 years. Obesity was assessed in 2001 to 2004 when participants were an average age of 33 years (n = 621)...
October 2015: Psychosomatic Medicine
Doris E Payer, Min Tae M Park, Stephen J Kish, Nathan J Kolla, Jason P Lerch, Isabelle Boileau, M M Chakravarty
Personality disorder symptomatology (PD-Sx) can result in personal distress and impaired interpersonal functioning, even in the absence of a clinical diagnosis, and is frequently comorbid with psychiatric disorders such as substance use, mood, and anxiety disorders; however, they often remain untreated, and are not taken into account in clinical studies. To investigate brain morphological correlates of PD-Sx, we measured subcortical volume and shape, and cortical thickness/surface area, based on structural magnetic resonance images...
2015: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Simasadat Noorbakhsh, Zahra Zeinodini, Zeynab Khanjani, Hamid Poorsharifi, Sepideh Rajezi Esfahani
BACKGROUND: Individuals with certain personality disorders, especially the antisocial and borderline personality disorders, are more prone to substance use disorders. OBJECTIVES: Regarding the importance of substance use disorders, this study aimed to explore the association between personality disorders and types of used drugs (narcotics and stimulants) in Iranian male substance users. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The current study was a correlation study...
June 2015: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Leo Sher, Larry J Siever, Marianne Goodman, Margaret McNamara, Erin A Hazlett, Harold W Koenigsberg, Antonia S New
Gender is an important variable in the study of mental health because of the actual and perceived differences between men and women. Relatively little is known how males and females differ in their manifestations of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). Demographic and clinical features of 323 participants with ASPD were assessed and recorded. Women had fewer episodes of antisocial behavior involving or not involving police, higher scores on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and on Emotional Abuse and Sexual Abuse subscales of the CTQ compared to men...
October 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
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