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Chronic sinusitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717638/spatial-patterns-and-impacts-of-environmental-and-climatic-factors-on-canine-sinonasal-aspergillosis-in-northern-california
#1
Monise Magro, Jane Sykes, Polina Vishkautsan, Beatriz Martínez-López
Sinonasal aspergillosis (SNA) causes chronic nasal discharge in dogs and has a worldwide distribution, although most reports of SNA in North America originate from the western USA. SNA is mainly caused by Aspergillus fumigatus, a ubiquitous saprophytic filamentous fungus. Infection is thought to follow inhalation of spores. SNA is a disease of the nasal cavity and/or sinuses with variable degrees of local invasion and destruction. While some host factors appear to predispose to SNA (such as belonging to a dolichocephalic breed), environmental risk factors have been scarcely studied...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716766/simultaneous-coexistence-of-complications-of-chronic-otitis-media-in-the-same-case
#2
Sema Zer Toros, Çiğdem Tepe Karaca, Çiğdem Kalaycık Ertugay, Seniha Şenbayrak, Ömer Çağatay Ertugay, Lütfü Şeneldir
Chronic otitis media (COM) is a common clinical entity, but the incidence of COM complications has declined recently due to broad use of antibiotics. Independent of this, these complications are still a significant challenge in otorhinolaryngology practice because of high morbidity and mortality rates. The most common etiologic diagnosis was cholesteatomatous COM. Simultaneous coexistence of complications of COM in the same case is a rare situation, and the present report describes a case with mastoiditis, Bezold abscess, lateral sinus thrombophlebitis, meningitis, and paraspinal abscess...
July 17, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716181/prevalence-of-polyp-recurrence-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyposis
#3
Ronald G Amedee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716179/surgical-treatment-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-after-sinus-lift
#4
Nicole Tin-Lok Jiam, Andrew N Goldberg, Andrew H Murr, Steven D Pletcher
BACKGROUND: The sinus lift (or sinus augmentation) is a common procedure to improve maxillary bone stock before dental implantation. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a potential complication of this procedure and may be refractory to medical treatment. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery has previously been used to address CRS, however, results of previous studies indicated that implant removal is required. There are limited follow-up data available. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the long-term outcomes and efficacy of endoscopic sinus surgery for refractory CRS after sinus lift, including the ability to salvage dental implants...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716178/short-term-morbidity-after-the-endoscopic-modified-lothrop-draf-iii-procedure-compared-with-draf-iia
#5
Aria Jafari, Kathryn R Tringale, Bharat A Panuganti, Joseph R Acevedo, John Pang, Adam S DeConde
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic modified Lothrop (Draf-III) surgery has improved treatment of recalcitrant frontal sinus disease, with favorable safety and long-term results. However, the short-term clinical and quality-of-life morbidity after Draf-III relative to less-extensive procedures has yet to be investigated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical and quality-of-life outcomes, including the burden of follow-up care, in patients who underwent endoscopic modified Lothrop (Draf-III), and compared these results with a less-extensive intervention, the endoscopic frontal sinusotomy (Draf-IIa)...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716176/systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcomes-after-revision-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#6
Shashi Prasad, Eric Fong, Eng H Ooi
BACKGROUND: Revision endoscopic sinus surgery (RESS) may be required for partially controlled or uncontrolled chronic rhinosinusitis. Studies that reported technical success, e.g., sinus ostia patency after RESS, do not address whether the patient's symptoms and quality of life (QOL) improve after surgery. However, patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) are useful to assess the impact of sinus surgery on a patient's symptoms and QOL. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review was undertaken to evaluate the impact of RESS on PROMs...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716173/central-compartment-atopic-disease
#7
John M DelGaudio, Patricia A Loftus, Aneeza W Hamizan, Richard J Harvey, Sarah K Wise
BACKGROUND: Isolated polypoid changes of the middle turbinate were recently reported as having a high association with inhalant allergy. A more advanced manifestation of this association may present as polypoid changes of the entire central sinonasal compartment (i.e., the middle and superior turbinates, and the posterosuperior nasal septum), while the lateral sinus mucosa remains relatively normal. OBJECTIVE: To introduce and describe this newly recognized variant of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), termed central compartment atopic disease (CCAD)...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716171/the-personal-financial-burden-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-a-canadian-perspective
#8
Jonathan Yip, Allan D Vescan, Ian J Witterick, Eric Monteiro
BACKGROUND: Previous studies describe the financial burden of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) from the perspective of third-party payers, but, to our knowledge, none analyze the costs borne by patients (i.e., out-of-pocket expenses [OOPE]). Furthermore, this burden has not been previously investigated in the context of a publicly funded health care system. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the financial impact of CRS on patients, specifically by evaluating its associated OOPEs and the perceived financial burden...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716161/post-adenoidectomy-quality-of-life-in-children-with-refractory-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#9
V Bettadahalli, A Chakravarti
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate post-adenoidectomy quality of life in children with refractory chronic rhinosinusitis. METHODS: A prospective interventional study of children aged 4-12 years with chronic refractory rhinosinusitis was conducted. A total of 60 children completed follow up. Nasal endoscopy and non-contrast computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses were performed, and both symptoms and their effects on patient quality of life pre- and post-adenoidectomy were evaluated...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711959/a-multicentre-study-on-the-efficacy-safety-and-pharmacokinetics-of-iqymune%C3%A2-a-highly-purified-10-liquid-intravenous-immunoglobulin-in-patients-with-primary-immune-deficiency
#10
Gergely Krivan, Ludmila Chernyshova, Larysa Kostyuchenko, Andrzej Lange, Zoltan Nyul, Beata Derfalvi, Jacek Musial, Anne Bellon, Martin Kappler, Alain Sadoun, Ewa Bernatowska
This multicentre, open-label, prospective, single-arm study was designed to evaluate the efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and safety of IqYmune®, a highly purified 10% polyvalent immunoglobulin preparation for intravenous administration in patients with primary immunodeficiency. IqYmune® was administered to 62 patients (aged 2-61 years) with X-linked agammaglobulinemia or common variable immune deficiency at a dose from 0.22 to 0.97 g/kg every 3 to 4 weeks for 12 months with an infusion rate up to 8 mL/kg/h...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711531/transdural-indocyanine-green-videography-for-sta-mca-bypass-technical-note
#11
Hiroshi Yokota, Taiji Yonezawa, Tomonori Yamada, Seisuke Miyamae, Taekyun Kim, Yoshiaki Takamura, Katsuya Masui, Shuta Aketa
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical application of indocyanine green (ICG) videography prior to performing a dural opening has been reported as transdural ICG videography and used during surgery of meningiomas associated with venous sinuses, as well as cranial and spinal arteriovenous malformations. However, its use for a superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass has not been reported. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of medical records of patients who underwent a transdural ICG videography technique during STA-MCA bypass procedures performed between January 2012 and March 2015...
July 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707086/efficacy-of-hyaluronic-acid-and-hydroxyethyl-starch-in-preventing-adhesion-following-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#12
Su-Jong Kim, Jae-Min Shin, Eun Jung Lee, Il-Ho Park, Heung-Man Lee, Kyung-Su Kim
Adhesion is a major complication of endoscopic sinus surgery that may lead to recurrence of chronic rhinosinusitis, necessitating revision surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of hyaluronic acid and hydroxyethyl starch (HA-HES) relative to hyaluronic acid and carboxymethylcellulose (HA-CMC) with regard to anti-adhesion effect. In this multi-center, prospective, single-blind, randomized controlled study, 77 consecutive patients who underwent bilateral endoscopic sinus surgery were enrolled between March 2014 and March 2015...
July 13, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706743/when-is-the-optimal-timing-of-surgical-intervention-for-severe-functional-tricuspid-regurgitation
#13
Nobuhiro Nakanishi, Masanobu Ishii, Koichi Kaikita, Ken Okamoto, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Seiji Takashio, Seiji Hokimoto, Toshihiro Fukui, Kenichi Tsujita
Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a serious pathology to be noted for severe right heart failure (HF) and poor prognosis; however, the conventional assessment of TR has some limitations and the optimal timing of surgical intervention remains unclear. A 79-year-old Japanese female was admitted to our hospital to undergo cardiac surgery, because edema gradually got worse despite the increase in diuretics. She had a history of atrial fibrillation (AF) and chronic HF due to severe TR and had been treated with a furosemide for leg edema 4 years ago...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706720/endotype-driven-treatment-in-chronic-upper-airway-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Glynnis De Greve, Peter W Hellings, Wytske J Fokkens, Benoit Pugin, Brecht Steelant, Sven F Seys
Rhinitis and rhinosinusitis are the two major clinical entities of chronic upper airway disease. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and allergic rhinitis (AR) affect respectively up to 10 and 30% of the total population, hence being associated with an important socio-economic burden. Different phenotypes of rhinitis and CRS have been described based on symptom severity and duration, atopy status, level of control, comorbidities and presence or absence of nasal polyps in CRS. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are diverse, with different, and sometimes overlapping, endotypes being recognized...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706395/salmonella-typhimurium-infection-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#15
Sujeesh Sebastian, Benu Dhawan, Rajesh Malhotra, Deepak Gautam, Arti Kapil
Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium is a rare cause of prosthetic joint infection (PJI). The recognized predisposing risk factors for Salmonella septic arthritis include diabetes mellitus, renal failure, human immunodeficiency virus infection and chronic corticosteroid use. We describe a case of PJI of the knee in a 74-year-old lady who was on antitubercular treatment. The patient presented with discharging sinus and raised inflammatory markers. She was successfully treated by the removal of prosthesis and debridement followed by ciprofloxacin therapy for 6 weeks...
July 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705685/-fungal-sinusitis
#16
REVIEW
E Lafont, C Aguilar, P Vironneau, R Kania, A Alanio, S Poirée, O Lortholary, F Lanternier
Although sinusitis affects about 20 % of the population, fungal sinusitis is rare. Aspergillus sp. are most frequently implicated. Fungal sinusitis represents a wide spectrum of disorders, including acute or chronic and invasive or non-invasive forms. Invasive fungal sinusitis may develop in an immunocompromised or diabetic patient, whereas non-invasive fungal sinusitis should be considered in a chronic situation, resistant to antibiotics in immunocompetent patients. Allergic fungal sinusitis is related to hypersensitivity of the host to the fungus...
July 10, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705229/brugada-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-case-report
#17
Anusha Battineni, Rohit Gummi, Naresh Mullaguri, Raghav Govindarajan
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a fatal neuromuscular disorder characterized by progressive death of the upper and lower motor neurons in the central nervous system. Patients with this disease die mostly as a result of respiratory failure; however, owing to prolonged survival through assisted ventilation, cardiovascular causes are increasingly responsible for mortality. We report what is to the best of our knowledge the first case of type 2 Brugada syndrome causing ventricular tachyarrhythmia and cardiac arrest in a patient with upper limb onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701850/invasive-mediastinal-aspergillosis-in-immunocompetent-male-with-invasion-of-left-atrium-and-hilar-structures
#18
Munta Kartik, Arun Kanala, Sunilnadikuda, S Manimala Rao, P Swathi Prakasham
Aspergillus is described as mould characterised by septate hyphae about 2-4μ in diameter, it is ubiquitous in nature and spreads by inhalation of spores. It causes opportunistic infections in almost six forms namely Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, Aspergillus sinusitis, Cutaneous aspergillosis, Aspergilloma, Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis, Invasive aspergillosis. Invasive aspergillosis of mediastinum in an immunocompetent patient has rarely been reported. We present a case of a young male who had presented with chest pain, cough and breathleness was later diagnosed as fulminant mediastinal aspergillosis...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689529/multiple-mott-cells-in-periapical-lesion-of-the-oral-cavity
#19
Manika Arora, Karishma Desai, Deepa Mane
An entity of bizarre plasma cells has been observed, containing spherical inclusions of immunoglobulins within the cytoplasm. These cells are termed as Mott cells and are believed to occur commonly in cases of chronic inflammation. Until now, they were reported to occur in systemic diseases, various hematolymphoid malignancies and in some syndromes; but their occurrence in chronic periapical infections of the oral cavity, given the paucity of available literature, raises questions about their obscure nature...
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689491/deceptive-nasal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma
#20
Jagdeep S Thakur, Aditi Mahajan, Manika Saluja, Narinder K Mohindroo
Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma is rare and it easily masquerades as chronic rhinosinusitis. It has a very poor prognosis and hence early diagnosis, although difficult, is necessary for better outcome. We present a case of a 30-year-old man who presented with nasal obstruction, facial oedema and crusts. High-resolution computed tomography found soft tissue in all sinuses and the nasal cavity. Endoscopic biopsy revealed necrotic and inflammatory tissue with fungi on culture. A diagnosis of fungal rhinosinusitis was made but the patient did not respond to antifungal drugs...
July 2017: Tropical Doctor
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