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Chronic sinusitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331046/prevalence-severity-and-risk-factors-for-acute-exacerbations-of-nasal-and-sinus-symptoms-by-chronic-rhinosinusitis-status
#1
Jordan R Kuiper, Annemarie G Hirsch, Karen Bandeen-Roche, Agnes S Sundaresan, Bruce K Tan, Robert P Schleimer, Robert C Kern, Walter F Stewart, Brian S Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Nasal and sinus symptoms (NSS) are common to many health conditions, including chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Few studies have investigated the occurrence and severity of, and risk factors for, acute exacerbations of NSS (AENSS) by CRS status (current, past, or never met European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis [EPOS] criteria for CRS). METHODS: Four seasonal questionnaires were mailed to a stratified random sample of Geisinger primary care patients...
January 13, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330651/3d-computed-tomography-to-compare-the-dimensions-of-the-left-atrial-appendage-in-patients-with-normal-sinus-rhythm-and-those-with-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation
#2
Maiko Hozawa, Yoshihiro Morino, Yuki Matsumoto, Ryoichi Tanaka, Kyohei Nagata, Akiko Kumagai, Atsushi Tashiro, Akio Doi, Kunihiro Yoshioka
Although paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) is an important cause of cardioembolic stroke, in contrast to chronic AF patients, the anatomical features of the left atrial appendage (LAA) in PAF patients remain unknown. Here, we investigated differences in LAA structures in patients with PAF and those with normal sinus rhythms (NSR) using 3D-computed tomography (3D-CT), which allows us to visualize complicated LAA structures at high spatial resolution. Study subjects were 30 consecutive PAF and 30 NSR patients with complete enhanced cardiac 3D-CT images available...
January 12, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327684/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-nasal-and-paranasal-inverted-papillomas-epidemiology-and-own-experience
#3
Joanna Nowosielska-Grygiel, Piotr Pietkiewicz, Kalina Owczarek, Jurek Olszewski, Jarosław Miłoński
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyse the occurrence of inverted papillomas of the nose and paranasal sinuses in patients that underwent endoscopic sinus surgery in our department. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2006 and 2016, 3,574 patients underwent surgery due to paranasal sinus diseases. Patients were qualified for surgery based on medical history, computed tomography, and laboratory tests. Data were gathered from medical files, and they included age, sex, and histopathological diagnosis...
December 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323796/treatment-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-dornase-alfa-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-systematic-review
#4
Gopi B Shah, Linde De Keyzer, Joy A Russell, Ashleigh Halderman
BACKGROUND: A major component of sputum in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is polymerized DNA, a byproduct of degraded neutrophils. Dornase alfa (dornase) selectively cleaves extracellular DNA and reduces the viscosity of sputum. It improves mucociliary clearance and pulmonary function. The benefit of dornase on CF-associated sinusitis is less clear. Therefore, the objective of this study was to systematically review the use of dornase on chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in CF patients. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement was followed for this systematic review...
January 11, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321201/brain-abscess-in-a-patient-with-chronic-sinusitis
#5
Marta de Sousa, Alice Lança, Carolina Sepúlveda, Edgar Pereira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319936/submucosal-gland-mucus-strand-velocity-is-decreased-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#6
Kiranya E Tipirneni, Shaoyan Zhang, Do-Yeon Cho, Jessica Grayson, Daniel F Skinner, Calvin Mackey, Lindsay Moore, Denzel Cole, Catherine G Banks, Bradford A Woodworth
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) may be initiated by innately impaired host defense mechanisms that predispose the upper airways to infection. Recent evidence suggests tethering of submucosal gland mucus strands represents an inciting event within cystic fibrosis (CF) airways, occurring prior to onset of chronic infection. Submucosal gland hypertrophy and defective mucociliary clearance (MCC) are present in actively inflamed sinuses, but mucus strand velocity may also be affected as a secondary event, further contributing to chronic disease...
January 10, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319378/nonhealing-orbital-floor-fracture-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-unique-presentation-of-pseudo-silent-sinus-syndrome
#7
Siwei Zhou, Katherine Duncan, S Tonya Stefko
Silent sinus syndrome was first described as spontaneous enophthalmos and hypoglobus associated with subclinical maxillary sinusitis without prior trauma or surgery. This clinical entity has later been described after trauma in which damage to the ostiomeatal complex leads to atelectasis of the maxillary sinus. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy who presented 4 years after sustaining a non-operative orbital floor fracture with enophthalmos and transient diplopia. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated enlargement in size of the original orbital floor fracture and bilateral maxillary sinus disease...
January 10, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316973/kartagener-s-syndrome-a-case-report
#8
Abilo Tadesse, Hailemariam Alemu, Mezgebu Silamsaw, Yonathan Gebrewold
BACKGROUND: Kartagener's syndrome is a subset of primary ciliary dyskinesia, an autosomal recessive inherited disorder characterized by the clinical triad of chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, and situs inversus. Abnormal ciliary structure or function leading to impaired ciliary motility is the main pathophysiologic problem in Kartagener's syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24-year-old man from Gondar town, North-West Ethiopia, presented to University of Gondar Hospital with recurrent episodes of nasal congestion with itching and paranasal discomfort, and productive cough for more than a decade...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316357/cerebrovascular-events-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#9
John G Hanly, Qiuju Li, Li Su, Murray B Urowitz, Caroline Gordon, Sang-Cheol Bae, Juanita Romero-Diaz, Jorge Sanchez-Guerrero, Sasha Bernatsky, Ann E Clarke, Daniel J Wallace, David A Isenberg, Anisur Rahman, Joan T Merrill, Paul Fortin, Dafna D Gladman, Ian N Bruce, Michelle Petri, Ellen M Ginzler, M A Dooley, Kristjan Steinsson, Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman, Asad A Zoma, Susan Manzi, Ola Nived, Andreas Jonsen, Munther A Khamashta, Graciela S Alarcón, Winn Chatham, Ronald F van Vollenhoven, Cynthia Aranow, Meggan Mackay, Guillermo Ruiz-Irastorza, Manuel Ramos-Casals, S Sam Lim, Murat Inanc, Kenneth C Kalunian, Soren Jacobsen, Christine A Peschken, Diane L Kamen, Anca Askanase, Chris Theriault, Vernon Farewell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, associations and outcomes of cerebrovascular events (CerVEs) in a multi-ethnic/racial, prospective, SLE disease inception cohort. METHODS: Patients were assessed annually for 19 neuropsychiatric (NP) events including 5 types of CerVEs: (i) Stroke; (ii) Transient ischemia; (iii) Chronic multifocal ischemia; (iv) Subarachnoid/intracranial hemorrhage; (v) Sinus thrombosis. Global disease activity (SLEDAI-2K), SLICC/ACR damage index (SDI) and SF-36 scores were collected...
January 5, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316282/are-multiple-sinus-cultures-necessary-during-sinus-surgery-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#10
Craig Miller, Greg E Davis
BACKGROUND: Multiple cultures are commonly obtained from different sinuses where purulence is encountered during endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). This brings into question the utility and necessity of obtaining multiple cultures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if multiple cultures obtained during a single case is informative in finding additional pathogens or if it is a redundant, cost-increasing practice. We hypothesized that multiple sinus cultures are necessary to identify the pathogens responsible for an individual's sinus disease...
January 5, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315090/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-anastomotic-failure-in-1594-patients-treated-by-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-results-from-the-international-tatme-registry
#11
Marta Penna, Roel Hompes, Steve Arnold, Greg Wynn, Ralph Austin, Janindra Warusavitarne, Brendan Moran, George B Hanna, Neil J Mortensen, Paris P Tekkis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of anastomotic-related morbidity following Transanal Total Mesorectal Excision (TaTME) and identify independent risk factors for failure. BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leak and its sequelae are dreaded complications following gastrointestinal surgery. TaTME is a recent technique for rectal resection, which includes novel anastomotic techniques. METHODS: Prospective study of consecutive reconstructed TaTME cases recorded over 30 months in 107 surgical centers across 29 countries...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314713/application-of-the-endoscopic-prelacrimal-recess-approach-to-the-maxillary-sinus-in-unilateral-maxillary-diseases
#12
Yi-Tsen Lin, Chih-Feng Lin, Te-Huei Yeh
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic endonasal prelacrimal recess approach to the maxillary sinus provides wide access to the walls and recesses of the maxillary sinus, and its use has been reported in many maxillary sinus and skull base diseases. The objective of this study was to determine the indication and feasibility of endoscopic sinus surgery using the prelacrimal recess approach in unilateral maxillary sinus diseases. METHODS: We reviewed 192 cases of unilateral maxillary sinus diseases; over 2 years, 15 cases underwent endoscopic surgery via the prelacrimal recess approach...
January 4, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313987/variable-role-of-carotid-bodies-in-cardiovascular-responses-to-exercise-hypoxia-and-hypercapnia-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#13
Wioletta Pijacka, Pedro L Katayama, Helio C Salgado, Gisele S Lincevicius, Ruy R Campos, Fiona D McBryde, Julian F R Paton
The carotid body has recently emerged as a promising therapeutic target for treating cardiovascular disease, however the potential impact of carotid bodies removal on the dynamic cardiovascular responses to acute stressors such as exercise, hypoxia and hypercapnia in hypertension is an important safety consideration that has not been studied. We first validated a novel surgical approach to selectively resect the carotid bodies bilaterally (CBR) sparing the carotid sinus baroreflex. Second, we evaluated the impact of CBR on the cardiovascular responses to exercise, hypoxia and hypercapnia in the conscious, chronically instrumented spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rats...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306958/case-control-study-of-endoscopic-polypectomy-in-clinic-epic-versus-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-polyps
#14
S J Kilty, A Lasso, L Mfuna-Endam, M Y Desrosiers
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic Polypectomy In Clinic (EPIC) is a recently described deescalated form of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) performed in the outpatient clinic for patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with polyps (CRSwNP). The quality of life benefit of EPIC in comparison to ESS is not known. The purpose of this study was to determine if the disease specific quality of life measured with the SNOT-22 attained with EPIC is similar to that attained with ESS for patients with CRSwNP. METHODS: A multi-institutional observational case-control study was performed to evaluate quality of life improvement in patients treated with ESS and EPIC for CRSwNP with a 3 month follow-up...
January 7, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306235/expression-profiles-of-cd11b-galectin-1-beclin-1-and-caspase-3-in-nasal-polyposis
#15
Alper Dilci, Nuray Varol, İlker Kılıçcıoğlu, Ece Konac, Utku Aydil, Yusuf Kızıl, Sabri Uslu
Background/aim: Nasal polyposis is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the paranasal sinuses and nasal mucosae. It is thought that genetic and molecular mechanisms in inflammatory and apoptotic pathways are the main factors in the etiopathogenesis of nasal polyposis. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression patterns of CD11b, galectin-1, beclin-1, and caspase-3 in nasal polyps.Materials and methods: The mRNA expression levels of CD11b, galectin-1, beclin-1, and caspase-3 protein and western blot analysis of caspase-3 protein were evaluated in inferior turbinate mucosae and nasal polyp tissues...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301162/milbenallergie-im-hno-bereich-bedeutung-diagnostik-und-therapieoptionen
#16
Ludger Klimek, Moritz Gröger, Sven Becker
Allergic rhinitis (AR) affects ca. 20% of the population. Approximately one third of patients affected by AR are suffering from perennial rhinitis due to mite allergy. Perennial rhinitis is the form of the disease that is most frequently associated with other allergy-related comorbidities such as asthma and atopic dermatitis, sleep disorders, chronic sinusitis, eustachian tube dysfunction and others.The often non-specific symptoms and the insidious course may lead to misinterpretations in diagnosing the disease...
January 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299515/models-for-the-study-of-nasal-and-sinus-physiology-in-health-and-disease-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Ahmed A Al-Sayed, Remigius U Agu, Emad Massoud
Objective: Chronic sinusitis is a very common yet poorly understood medical condition with significant morbidity. Hence, it remains an entity that is difficult to treat with unsatisfactory outcomes of current management options. This necessitates research into the etiology and pathophysiology of the condition to enhance our knowledge and the therapeutic options. Unfortunately, this kind of research is not always feasible on human subjects due to practical and ethical limitations. Therefore, an alternative model that simulates the disease had to be found in order to overcome these limitations...
December 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290419/muscarinic-type-1-receptors-contribute-to-ik-ach-in-human-atrial-cardiomyocytes-and-are-upregulated-in-patients-with-chronic-atrial-fibrillation
#18
Jordi Heijman, Dorit Kirchner, Franziska Kunze, Eva Maria Chrétien, Martina B Michel-Reher, Niels Voigt, Michael Knaut, Martin C Michel, Ursula Ravens, Dobromir Dobrev
BACKGROUND: Basal and acetylcholine-gated inward-rectifier K+-currents (IK1 and IK,ACh, respectively) are altered in atrial fibrillation (AF). Gi-protein-coupled muscarinic (M) receptors type-2 are considered the predominant receptors activating IK,ACh. Although a role for Gq-coupled non-M2-receptor subtypes has been suggested, the precise regulation of IK,ACh by multiple M-receptor subtypes in the human atrium is unknown. Here, we investigated M1-receptor-mediated IK,ACh regulation and its remodeling in chronic AF (cAF)...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289975/how-deep-is-the-inflammation-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-sinus-wall-thickness-and-blood-eosinophilia
#19
K Y Lin, P Y Chen, T H Yeh
Various factors have been proposed to be related to refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Treatment for refractory CRS is challenging for ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgeons. The aim of the study was to determine the clinical features associated with the severity of CRS that may necessitate revision surgery by eliminating the bias of the surgeons technique using standardizing surgical procedures. Sinus wall thickness and blood eosinophilia, which may represent the depth of inflammation in CRS, are associated with the need for revision surgery...
December 31, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289454/audiometric-assessment-of-pediatric-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#20
Kathryn L Kreicher, Michael J Bauschard, Clarice S Clemmens, Concetta Maria Riva, Ted A Meyer
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate hearing impairment in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the AudGen database generated by Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Audiograms were analyzed for type of hearing loss (HL), pure-tone-average (PTA), laterality, and change in hearing over time. Medical charts were reviewed to identify factors that influence development and progression of hearing loss...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
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