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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925054/prone-position-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#1
Mariano Setten, Gustavo Adrián Plotnikow, Matías Accoce
Acute respiratory distress syndrome occupies a great deal of attention in intensive care units. Despite ample knowledge of the physiopathology of this syndrome, the focus in intensive care units consists mostly of life-supporting treatment and avoidance of the side effects of invasive treatments. Although great advances in mechanical ventilation have occurred in the past 20 years, with a significant impact on mortality, the incidence continues to be high. Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, especially the most severe cases, often present with refractory hypoxemia due to shunt, which can require additional treatments beyond mechanical ventilation, among which is mechanical ventilation in the prone position...
December 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878223/experimental-study-with-nursing-staff-related-to-the-knowledge-about-pressure-ulcers
#2
Miriam Viviane Baron, Cézane Priscila Reuter, Miria Suzana Burgos, Veniria Cavalli, Cristine Brandenburg, Suzane Beatriz Frantz Krug
Objective: to compare the scores of knowledge in teams participating or not participating in educational interventions about pressure ulcers. Method: a quantitative study with experimental design. Data were collected through a validated questionnaire. The study included 71 individuals, including nurses and nursing technicians from three intensive care units, divided into intervention group and control group. Data analysis considered the scores of the groups in the moment before and after intervention...
November 21, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878219/financial-impact-of-nursing-professionals-staff-required-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#3
Thamiris Ricci de Araújo, Mayra Gonçalves Menegueti, Maria Auxiliadora-Martins, Valéria Castilho, Lucieli Dias Pedreschi Chaves, Ana Maria Laus
Objective: to calculate the cost of the average time of nursing care spent and required by patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and the financial expense for the right dimension of staff of nursing professionals. Method: a descriptive, quantitative research, using the case study method, developed in adult ICU patients. We used the workload index - Nursing Activities Score; the average care time spent and required and the amount of professionals required were calculated using equations and from these data, and from the salary composition of professionals and contractual monthly time values, calculated the cost of direct labor of nursing...
November 21, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849293/costs-of-the-smoking-cessation-program-in-brazil
#4
Andréa Cristina Rosa Mendes, Cristiana Maria Toscano, Rosilene Marques de Souza Barcellos, Alvaro Luis Pereira Ribeiro, Jonas Bohn Ritzel, Valéria de Souza Cunha, Bruce Bartholow Duncan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the costs of the Smoking Cessation Program in the Brazilian Unified Health System and estimate the cost of its full implementation in a Brazilian municipality. METHODS: The intensive behavioral therapy and treatment for smoking cessation includes consultations, cognitive-behavioral group therapy sessions, and use of medicines. The costs of care and management of the program were estimated using micro-costing methods. The full implementation of the program in the municipality of Goiania, Goias was set as its expansion to meet the demand of all smokers motivated to quit in the municipality that would seek care at Brazilian Unified Health System...
November 10, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783755/adverse-events-in-the-intensive-care-unit-impact-on-mortality-and-length-of-stay-in-a-prospective-study
#5
Keroulay Estebanez Roque, Teresa Tonini, Enirtes Caetano Prates Melo
This study sought to evaluate the occurrence of adverse events and their impacts on length of stay and mortality in an intensive care unit (ICU). This is a prospective study carried out in a teaching hospital in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The cohort included 355 patients over 18 years of age admitted to the ICU between August 1, 2011 and July 31, 2012. The process we used to identify adverse events was adapted from the method proposed by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. We used a logistical regression to analyze the association between adverse event occurrence and death, adjusted by case severity...
October 20, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737418/guidelines-for-the-assessment-and-acceptance-of-potential-brain-dead-organ-donors
#6
Glauco Adrieno Westphal, Valter Duro Garcia, Rafael Lisboa de Souza, Cristiano Augusto Franke, Kalinca Daberkow Vieira, Viviane Renata Zaclikevis Birckholz, Miriam Cristine Machado, Eliana Régia Barbosa de Almeida, Fernando Osni Machado, Luiz Antônio da Costa Sardinha, Raquel Wanzuita, Carlos Eduardo Soares Silvado, Gerson Costa, Vera Braatz, Milton Caldeira Filho, Rodrigo Furtado, Luana Alves Tannous, André Gustavo Neves de Albuquerque, Edson Abdala
Organ transplantation is the only alternative for many patients with terminal diseases. The increasing disproportion between the high demand for organ transplants and the low rate of transplants actually performed is worrisome. Some of the causes of this disproportion are errors in the identification of potential organ donors and in the determination of contraindications by the attending staff. Therefore, the aim of the present document is to provide guidelines for intensive care multi-professional staffs for the recognition, assessment and acceptance of potential organ donors...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683781/early-postoperative-complications-in-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#7
Aluisio Stoll, Leandro Rosin, Mariana Fernandes Dias, Bruna Marquiotti, Giovana Gugelmin, Gabriela Fanezzi Stoll
Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is one of the most common bariatric surgery and leads to considerable weight loss in the first months. Aim: To quantify the main early postoperative complications in patients submitted to the gastric bypass. Method: Observational retrospective cohort. Data of 1051 patients with class II obesity associated with comorbidities or class III obesity submitted to the gastric bypass with 30 days of follow-up starting from the date of the surgery...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680056/nursing-workload-and-occurrence-of-adverse-events-in-intensive-care-a-systematic-review
#8
Andrea Carvalho de Oliveira, Paulo Carlos Garcia, Lilia de Souza Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: To identifyevidences of the influence of nursing workload on the occurrence of adverse events (AE) in adult patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). METHOD: A systematic literature review was conducted in the databases MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, SciELO, BDENF, and Cochrane from studies in English, Portuguese, or Spanish, published by 2015. The analyzed AE were infection, pressure ulcer (PU), patient falls, and medication errors. RESULTS: Of 594 potential studies, eight comprised the final sample of the review...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680043/incidence-and-factors-related-to-delirium-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#9
Satomi Mori, Juliana Rumy Tsuchihashi Takeda, Fernanda Souza Angotti Carrara, Cibelli Rizzo Cohrs, Suely Sueko Viski Zanei, Iveth Yamaguchi Whitaker
OBJECTIVES: To identify the incidence of delirium, compare the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with and without delirium, and verify factors related to delirium in critical care patients. METHOD: Prospective cohort with a sample made up of patients hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a university hospital. Demographic, clinical variables and evaluation with the Confusion Assessment Method for Intensive Care Unit to identify delirium were processed to the univariate analysis and logistic regression to identify factors related to the occurrence of delirium...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680042/use-of-a-severity-indicator-as-a-predictor-of-the-use-of-hepatic-transplantation-resources
#10
Flavia Regina Cocuzza das Eiras, Antonio Pires Barbosa, Eliseth Ribeiro Leão, César Augusto Biancolino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of a severity indicator for end-stage liver disease as a predictor of resource use in a teaching hospital in São Paulo. METHOD: Descriptive, retrospective study, classifying independent variables in seven key dimensions: identification/risk rating; length of stay/use of advanced life support; imaging; clinical analysis; special procedures; blood products in the intensive care unit; and in the operating room. The frequencies were analyzed by linear regression analysis of variance to detect relevance due to the dependent variable (severity indicator) in 76 cases seen in 2013...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627125/results-after-implementation-of-a-protocol-on-the-incidence-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#11
Anna Letícia Miranda, Ana Lúcia Lyrio de Oliveira, Daiana Terra Nacer, Cynthia Adalgisa Mesojedovas Aguiar
OBJECTIVE: to compare the results of urinary tract infection incidence, by means of the rate of indwelling urethral catheter use, and to identify microorganisms in urine cultures and surveillance cultures before and after the implementation of a clinical protocol for intensive care unit patients . METHOD: urinary tract infection is defined as a positive urine culture > 105 CFU/mL, notified by the hospital infection control service, six months before and after the implementation of the protocol...
September 9, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598378/evidence-based-measures-to-prevent-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-a-systematic-review
#12
Daniele Cristina Perin, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann, Giovana Dorneles Callegaro Higashi, Grace Teresinha Marcon Dal Sasso
OBJECTIVE: to identify evidence-based care to prevent CLABSI among adult patients hospitalized in ICUs. METHOD: systematic review conducted in the following databases: PubMed, Scopus, Cinahl, Web of Science, Lilacs, Bdenf and Cochrane Studies addressing care and maintenance of central venous catheters, published from January 2011 to July 2014 were searched. The 34 studies identified were organized in an instrument and assessed by using the classification provided by the Joanna Briggs Institute...
September 1, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556712/slips-lapses-and-mistakes-inthe-use-of-equipment-by-nurses-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#13
Gabriella da Silva Rangel Ribeiro, Rafael Celestino da Silva, Márcia de Assunção Ferreira, Grazielle Rezende da Silva
OBJECTIVE: Toidentify the occurrence of errors in the use of equipment by nurses working in intensive careandanalyzing them in the framework of James Reason's theory of human error. METHOD: Qualitative field study in the intensive care unit of a federal hospital in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Observation and interviews were conductedwith eight nurses, from March to December 2014. Content analysis was used for the interviews, as well as the description of the scenes observed...
May 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556709/nurses-knowledge-to-identify-early-acute-kidney-injury
#14
Roseli Aparecida Matheus do Nascimento, Murillo Santucci Cesar Assunção, João Manoel Silva, Cristina Prata Amendola, Taysa Martindo de Carvalho, Emerson Quintino Lima, Suzana Margareth Ajeje Lobo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledgeof nurses on early identification of acute kidney injury (AKI) in intensive care, emergency and hospitalization units. METHOD: A prospective multi-center study was conducted with 216 nurses, using a questionnaire with 10 questions related to AKI prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. RESULTS: 57.2% of nurses were unable to identify AKI clinical manifestations, 54.6% did not have knowledge of AKI incidence in patients admitted to the ICU, 87...
May 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542686/-barriers-and-motivations-of-nurses-for-conducting-research-in-intensive-care-units-and-emergency-medical-service
#15
M Llauradó-Serra, R Güell-Baró, A Castanera-Duro, I Sandalinas, E Argilaga, M L Fortes-Del Valle, M F Jiménez-Herrera, L Bordonado-Pérez, C Fuentes-Pumarola
BACKGROUND: The implementation of evidence based practice is essential in clinical practice. However, it is still a challenge in critical care patients. AIM: To identify the barriers for conducting research that nursing professionals perceive in intensive care and medical emergency departments, as well as to investigate the areas of interest and motivations to carry out research projects. METHOD: Cross-sectional and multicentre study carried out in 4 intensive care units and in one Medical Emergency Department emergency pre-hospital carein Catalonia on 2014...
August 16, 2016: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463256/public-private-settlement-and-hospital-mortality-per-sources-of-payment
#16
Juliana Pires Machado, Mônica Martins, Iuri da Costa Leite
OBJECTIVE: To analyze if the adjusted hospital mortality varies according to source of payment of hospital admissions, legal nature, and financing settlement of hospitals. METHODS: Cros-ssectional study with information source in administrative databases. Specific hospital admission reasons were selected considering the volume of hospital admissions and the list of quality indicators proposed by the North-American Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)...
July 21, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462896/assessment-of-nurse-s-knowledge-about-glasgow-coma-scale-at-a-university-hospital
#17
Wesley Cajaíba Santos, Cássia Regina Vancini-Campanharo, Maria Carolina Barbosa Teixeira Lopes, Meiry Fernanda Pinto Okuno, Ruth Ester Assayag Batista
OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge of nurses of emergency services and intensive care units about Glasgow Coma Scale. METHODS: This cross-sectional analytical study included 127 nurses of critical units of an university hospital. We used structured interview with 12 questions to evaluate their knowledge about the scale. Association of Knowledge with professionals' sociodemographic variables were verified by the Fisher-test, χ2 and likelihood ratio. RESULTS: Most of participants were women mean aged 31...
April 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462894/impact-of-respiratory-therapy-in-vital-capacity-and-functionality-of-patients-undergoing-abdominal-surgery
#18
Shanlley Cristina da Silva Fernandes, Rafaella Souza Dos Santos, Erica Albanez Giovanetti, Corinne Taniguchi, Cilene Saghabi de Medeiros Silva, Raquel Afonso Caserta Eid, Karina Tavares Timenetsky, Denise Carnieli-Cazati
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the vital capacity after two chest therapy techniques in patients undergoing abdominal surgical. METHODS: A prospective randomized study carried out with patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit after abdominal surgery. We checked vital capacity, muscular strength using the Medical Research Council scale, and functionality with the Functional Independence Measure the first time the patient was breathing spontaneously (D1), and also upon discharge from the Intensive Care Unit (Ddis)...
April 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419680/-nursing-workload-in-specialized-semi-intensive-therapy-unit-workforce-size-criteria
#19
Armando Dos Santos Trettene, Aline Godoi Luiz, Ana Paula Ribeiro Razera, Thaís de Oliveira Maximiano, Flavia Maria Ravagnani Neves Cintra, Laressa Manfio Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To assess the nursing workload (NW) in Semi-intensive Therapy Unit, specialized in the care of children with Craniofacial anomalies and associated syndromes; to compare the amount of workforce required according to the Nursing Activities Score (NAS) and the COFEN Resolution 293/04. METHOD: Cross-sectional study, whose sample was composed of 72 patients. Nursing workload was assessed through retrospective application of the NAS. RESULTS: the NAS mean was 49...
December 2015: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384208/sleep-quality-of-life-and-mood-of-nursing-professionals-of-pediatric-intensive-care-units
#20
Priscilla Caetano Guerra, Nilton Ferraro Oliveira, Maria Teresa de Sande E Lemos Ramos Ascensão Terreri, Claudio Arnaldo Len
OBJECTIVE: To assess sleep, quality of life and mood of nursing professionals of pediatric intensive care units. METHOD: Quantitative, cross-sectional and descriptive study. Professionals grouped by morning, afternoon and evening shifts were assessed by means of the instruments: Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; Epworth Sleepiness Scale; Generic questionnaire for the assessment of quality of life (SF-36); Beck Depression Inventory; Beck Anxiety Inventory; State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
April 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
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