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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161156/sense-of-community-among-female-residents-of-a-trauma-informed-sober-living-home
#1
Katie M Edwards, Ellen E Haynes, Kelly M Palmer, Sharon Murphy
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders (SUDs) and domestic and/or sexual violence (DSV) co-occur at high rates. Although some studies have examined sober living homes (SLHs), no research to date has evaluated SLHs specifically designed for women with histories of SUDS and DSV. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to present data from an exploratory analysis of the association between sense of community (SOC) and mental health symptoms within a unique trauma-informed and gender-responsive SLH (i...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159906/sexual-orientation-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
R George, M A Stokes
Clinical impressions suggest a different sexual profile between individuals with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Little is presently known about the demographics of sexual orientation in ASD. Sexual Orientation was surveyed using the Sell Scale of Sexual Orientation in an international online sample of individuals with ASD (N = 309, M = 90, F= 219), aged (M = 32.30 years, SD = 11.93) and this was compared to sexual orientation of typically-developing individuals (N = 310, M = 84, F= 226), aged (M = 29...
November 21, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159310/factors-associated-with-gender-affirming-surgery-and-age-of-hormone-therapy-initiation-among-transgender-adults
#3
Noor Beckwith, Sari L Reisner, Shayne Zaslow, Kenneth H Mayer, Alex S Keuroghlian
Purpose: Gender-affirming surgeries and hormone therapy are medically necessary treatments to alleviate gender dysphoria; however, significant gaps exist in the research and clinical literature on surgery utilization and age of hormone therapy initiation among transgender adults. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of electronic health record data from a random sample of 201 transgender patients of ages 18-64 years who presented for primary care between July 1, 2010 and June 30, 2015 (inclusive) at an urban community health center in Boston, MA...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157514/a-psycho-legal-perspective-on-sexual-offending-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
REVIEW
A Creaby-Attwood, C S Allely
It is important to consider whether there are innate vulnerabilities that increase the risk of an individual with an autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), predominantly those defendants with a diagnosis of Asperger's Syndrome, being charged and convicted of a sexual offence. The significance of such can be readily seen in recent English case law, with judgments on appeal finding convictions unsafe where there have been a number of failings in the Judge's summing up. In this article, we will consider the gravity of Judges omitting to highlight a defendant's diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder and the necessity of detailed explanations to jury members regarding the condition and its effect upon thoughts and behaviour...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157504/domestic-minor-sex-trafficking
#5
REVIEW
Amy Goldberg, Jessica Moore
Commercial sexual exploitation of children and child sex trafficking is a major public health issue globally. Domestic minor sex trafficking has become increasingly recognized within the United States. Sexually exploited minors are commonly identified as having psychosocial risk factors, including histories of abuse or neglect, running away, substance use or abuse, and involvement with child protective services. Youth also suffer a variety of physical and mental health consequences, including posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and suicidality...
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154596/the-moderating-role-of-trauma-type-on-the-relationship-between-event-centrality-of-the-traumatic-experience-and-mental-health-outcomes
#6
Rachel Wamser-Nanney, Kathryn H Howell, Laura E Schwartz, Amanda J Hasselle
OBJECTIVE: Event centrality, or the extent to which traumatic events are perceived to be integral to one's life, has been found to be predictive of trauma-related symptoms, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Less research has been devoted to whether event centrality is related to adaptive outcomes, such as posttraumatic growth (PTG) and resiliency, and psychological well-being (PWB) has not been investigated. Given the unique circumstances of different types of traumas, the relationship between event centrality and posttrauma functioning may differ by the type of trauma experienced...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154571/taxometric-analyses-of-pedophilia-utilizing-self-report-behavioral-and-sexual-arousal-indicators
#7
Skye Stephens, Elisabeth Leroux, Tracey Skilling, James M Cantor, Michael C Seto
Pedophilia refers to the recurrent, intense sexual interest in prepubescent children who, by definition, have not developed any secondary sex characteristics. Researchers have begun to investigate whether persons with pedophilia are qualitatively different from those without pedophilia (pedophilia is a taxon) or if people vary in their level of sexual interest toward children (pedophilia is dimensional). Two relatively small studies have previously attempted to address this question, but produced conflicting results...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154567/faces-and-facets-the-variability-of-emotion-recognition-in-psychopathy-reflects-its-affective-and-antisocial-features
#8
Artemis Igoumenou, Catherine J Harmer, Min Yang, Jeremy W Coid, Robert D Rogers
Psychopathy consists of a constellation of affective-interpersonal features including lack of empathy, callousness, manipulativeness and interpersonal charm, impulsiveness and irresponsibility. Despite its theoretical and predictive value in forensic contexts, the relationships between the psychometric dimensions of psychopathy, including its antisocial features, and the construct's neuropsychological characteristics remain uncertain. In this study, 685 personality-disordered prisoners with histories of serious violent or sexual offenses were assessed for psychopathy before completing a computerized and well-validated assessment of the ability to recognize emotional expressions in the face...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152993/program-experiences-of-adults-with-autism-their-families-and-providers-findings-from-a-focus-group-study
#9
Kaitlin H Koffer Miller, Mary Mathew, Stacy L Nonnemacher, Lindsay L Shea
A growing number of individuals with autism spectrum disorder are aging into adulthood. In the United States, Medicaid is the primary payer for services for adults with autism spectrum disorder, yet there are few funded programs that provide dedicated supports to this population. This study examined the experiences of adults with autism spectrum disorder in two Medicaid-funded programs in Pennsylvania through focus groups. Researchers conducted 20 focus groups with a total of 36 adults with autism spectrum disorder, 32 family members, 32 direct care staff, and 20 program administrators...
February 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152440/risperidone-induced-amenorrhea-in-floridly-psychotic-female
#10
Shanila Shagufta, Faiza Farooq, Ali M Khan, Kamil Dar, Abdul Mohit
Despite the high prevalence of hyperprolactinemia in patients receiving antipsychotic medications, its side effects are often neglected. In patients receiving risperidone, the incidence of menstrual abnormalities is relatively small. Our patient was a 44-year-old, Haitian female whose total course of hospitalization was nine months, during most of which she remained floridly psychotic with low cognitive function with waxing and waning symptoms. She developed hyperprolactinemia and amenorrhea on risperidone...
September 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151090/de-cl%C3%A3-rambault-syndrome-othello-syndrome-folie-%C3%A3-deux-and-variants
#11
Montserrat G Delgado, Julien Bogousslavsky
Non-bizarre delusion, defined as a false belief possible although highly unlikely, is the main manifestation of delusional disorders, previously known as paranoia. Based on the predominant delusional themes, 5 main subtypes may be described - erotomanic, grandiose, jealous, persecutory, and somatic. We present here 2 main delusional disorders, the De Clérambault syndrome and the Othello syndrome, and another closely related to the previous ones - Folie à deux. In the De Clérambault syndrome, the main delusional theme is erotomanic type, related to passional delirium where the patient has strong sexual feelings towards another person and has the belief that this other person is deeply in love with him or her...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149878/assessing-the-delivery-of-alcohol-screening-and-brief-intervention-in-sexual-health-clinics-in-the-north-east-of-england
#12
C Sullivan, N Martin, C White, D Newbury-Birch
BACKGROUND: Risky drinking is associated with risky sexual experiences, however the relationship between alcohol and sex is complex. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility of delivering alcohol screening and brief interventions in genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics. The objectives were to; understand the levels of alcohol use amongst patients; report on the number of alcohol interventions delivered; and to analyse the relationship between alcohol use with demographic data as well as diagnosed sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to see if there were any associations...
November 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#13
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145209/methodological-issues-for-psychological-evaluation-across-the-lifespan-of-individuals-with-a-difference-disorder-of-sex-development
#14
Franco D'Alberton, Sofia Vissani, Chiara Ferracuti, Vickie Pasterski
The aim of the current report is to provide guidance relevant to psychological evaluation for healthcare providers and researchers working in the field of disorders of sexual development (DSD). In doing so, we give careful consideration to methodological issues and limitations that may influence the utility of investigations. For example, rarity and heterogeneity of DSD conditions restrict sample sizes when conducting evaluations aimed at establishing condition-specific psychological outcomes. At the same time, the potential for stigmatization by virtue of conducting psychological evaluations is particularly high given the fundamental contribution of sex and gender to one's sense of self and integrity...
November 17, 2017: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145185/hypersexuality-in-neurological-disorders-from-disinhibition-to-impulsivity
#15
M Béreau
Little is known about the neurological control of human sexual behavior. Investigating and measuring this behavior by using quantitative and objective methods is difficult. Insights from lesion studies contribute to analyze the effects of neurological disorders on human sexual behavior. In this chapter, we focus on frontal lobe lesions, brain injuries, epilepsia, dementia, and Parkinson disease to describe human sexual behavior disorders, in order to highlight cortical and subcortical brain regions and neural networks involved in human sexual behavior...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145040/pornography-headache
#16
Wei-Hsi Chen, Kuo Yen Chen, Hsin-Ling Yin
The headache associated with intercourse or masturbatory activity is a well-recognized clinical entity but pornography headache is barely mentioned. We report a young man who suffered preorgasmic headache pertaining only to pornography of specific erotic contents but not to other sexual or nonsexual act. An antecedent activation of sexual arousal and vasoconstriction during pain were found. Finally, oral indomethacin favorably prevented the pain. Therefore, pornography headache is a distinguished headache disorder distinct from other sexual-related headache disorders...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142833/the-effect-of-long-term-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-suppressive-therapy-on-the-gonadal-steroid-hormones-of-patients-with-thyroid-carcinoma-after-surgery
#17
Xiaoli Liu, Ying Zhou, Nan Liang, Yang Hong, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Hui Sun
Background: To analyze the effect of long-term thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppressive therapy on the gonadal hormones and related symptoms in patients after surgery. Methods: From 2008 to 2011, totally 238 patients were recruited, who underwent thyroid surgery and subsequent TSH suppression treatment in Department of thyroid Surgery, China-Japan Union hospital, Jilin University. Then their postoperative follow-up data (3-8 years) were collected, including operational method, pathological diagnosis, whether processed radioiodine therapy and the period/dose of TSH suppression treatment...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137943/cystoscopic-assisted-laparoscopic-excision-of-prostatic-utricle
#18
Ibrahim A Mostafa, Mark N Woodward, Mohamed S Shalaby
We present a video of our technique for resection of a large prostatic utricle (PU) in a patient who presented initially with disordered sexual development. His karyotype was 46XY, and phenotypically had penoscrotal hypospadias, bifid scrotum, and retractile right testis. An initial micturating cystourethrogram (MCUG) demonstrated the utricle but failed to cannulate the bladder. Being asymptomatic, we carried out staged repair of his hypospadias. Later, he started to have recurrent epididymo-orchitis with resistance to multiple antibiotics...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134852/psychosis-and-sexual-offending-a-review-of-current-literature
#19
E Thomas Lewis, R Gregg Dwyer
Sexual offending is a public health concern and societal risk requiring a multi-disciplinary approach. While current data give an indication of the frequency of sexual victimization, these figures likely underestimate the severity of the concern as many of these incidents go unreported. And while sex offender research has increased over the past several decades, particular attention to those offenders with severe mental illness remains limited. In this descriptive review, literature describing sex offenders with psychotic disorders is explored with a focus on recent research...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133983/concomitant-psychiatric-symptoms-and-impaired-quality-of-life-in-women-with-cervical-cancer-a-critical-review
#20
REVIEW
Stephanie Klügel, Caroline Lücke, Aurora Meta, Meike Schild-Suhren, Eduard Malik, Alexandra Philipsen, Helge Ho Müller
Our aim was to summarize the current relevant literature on concomitant psychiatric symptoms with a focus on anxiety/depression in a population with gynecologic cancer; to identify the predictors, associated factors, and prevention strategies of psychiatric disorders; to examine psychiatric disorders in a population with recurrent gynecologic cancer; and to describe the limitations of the literature and future research areas. Little is known about attending psychiatric disorders in patients with gynecologic and other malignant diseases like cervical or breast cancer...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
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