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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742995/icaritin-induces-mc3t3-e1-subclone14-cell-differentiation-through-estrogen-receptor-mediated-erk1-2-and-p38-signaling-activation
#1
Zhidi Wu, Ling Ou, Chaopeng Wang, Li Yang, Panpan Wang, Hengrui Liu, Yingquan Xiong, Kehuan Sun, Ronghua Zhang, Xiaofeng Zhu
Icaritin (ICT), a hydrolytic product of icariin from the genus Epimedium, has many indicated pharmacological and biological activities. Several studies have shown that ICT has potential osteoprotective effects, including stimulation of osteoblast differentiation and inhibition of osteoclast differentiation. However, the molecular mechanism for this anabolic action of ICT remains largely unknown. Here, we found that ICT could enhance MC3T3-E1 subclone 14 preosteoblastic cell differentiation associated with increased mRNA levels and protein expression of the differentiation markers alkaline phosphatase (ALP), type 1 collagen (COL1), osteocalcin (OC), osteoponin (OPN) and runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), and improved mineralization, confirmed by bone nodule formation and collagen synthesis...
October 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734986/exogenous-hedgehog-antagonist-delays-but-does-not-prevent-fracture-healing-in-young-mice
#2
Xiaochen Liu, Jennifer A McKenzie, Clayton W Maschhoff, Michael J Gardner, Matthew J Silva
Fracture healing recapitulates many aspects of developmental osteogenesis. The hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway, essential to skeletal development, is upregulated during fracture healing, although its importance is unclear. Our goal was to assess the functional importance of Hh signaling in endochondral fracture healing. We created closed, transverse diaphyseal femur fractures in mice, stabilized with an intramedullary pin, and administered a systemic Hh inhibitor or vehicle. Because Hh pathway activation is mediated by the receptor Smoothened (Smo), we used the Smo antagonist GDC-0449 (GDC, 50mg/kg, twice daily) to target the pathway...
October 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710615/aldosterone-antagonist-therapy-and-its-relationship-with-inflammation-fibrosis-thrombosis-mineral-bone-disorder-and-cardiovascular-complications-in-peritoneal-dialysis-pd-patients
#3
Rafał Donderski, Paweł Stróżecki, Beata Sulikowska, Magdalena Grajewska, Ilona Miśkowiec, Anna Stefańska, Joanna Siódmiak, Grażyna Odrowąż-Sypniewska, Jacek Manitius
BACKGROUND: High aldosterone level may contribute to pathogenesis of hypertension, vessels damage and cardiovascular system deterioration in chronic kidney disease patients. Besides its classical action via mineralocorticoid receptor, aldosterone is also involved in cell growth, inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction and exerts fibroproliferative effects. The aim of the study was to assess whether aldosterone antagonist treatment may influence serum level of inflammatory, fibrosis, thrombosis and mineral-bone metabolism markers in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and blood pressure, aortic stiffness, echocardiographic indices after 12 months of treatment...
July 14, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696256/a-novel-subset-of-anti-inflammatory-cd138-macrophages-is-deficient-in-mice-with-experimental-lupus
#4
Shuhong Han, Haoyang Zhuang, Stepan Shumyak, Jingfan Wu, Hui Li, Li-Jun Yang, Westley H Reeves
Dead cells accumulating in the tissues may contribute to chronic inflammation. We examined the cause of impaired apoptotic cell clearance in human and murine lupus. Dead cells accumulated in bone marrow from lupus patients but not from nonautoimmune patients undergoing myeloablation, where they were efficiently removed by macrophages (MΦ). Impaired apoptotic cell uptake by MΦ also was seen in mice treated i.p. with pristane (develop lupus) but not mineral oil (MO) (do not develop lupus). The inflammatory response to both pristane and MO rapidly depleted resident (Tim4(+)) large peritoneal MΦ...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674250/prophylactic-oral-administration-of-magnesium-ameliorates-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis-in-mice-through-a-decrease-of-colonic-accumulation-of-p2x7-receptor-expressing-mast-cells
#5
Kenshi Ohbori, Makiko Fujiwara, Akihiro Ohishi, Kentaro Nishida, Yoshinobu Uozumi, Kazuki Nagasawa
The number of patients with colitis has been increasing year by year. Recently, intestinal inflammation, as one of the factors for its onset, has been demonstrated to be induced by P2X7 receptor-mediated activation of colonic immune cells such as mast cells. Activation of P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is known to be inhibited by divalent metal cations such as magnesium, but whether or not magnesium administration prevents/relieves colitis is unknown so far. Here, we report that oral (per os (p.o.)) administration of MgCl2 and ingestion of commercially available magnesium-rich mineral hard water relieves dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512472/pulsed-electromagnetic-field-regulates-microrna-21-expression-to-activate-tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-in-human-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-to-enhance-osteoblast-differentiation
#6
Nagarajan Selvamurugan, Zhiming He, Daniel Rifkin, Branka Dabovic, Nicola C Partridge
Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) have been documented to promote bone fracture healing in nonunions and increase lumbar spinal fusion rates. However, the molecular mechanisms by which PEMF stimulates differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) into osteoblasts are not well understood. In this study the PEMF effects on hBMSCs were studied by microarray analysis. PEMF stimulation of hBMSCs' cell numbers mainly affected genes of cell cycle regulation, cell structure, and growth receptors or kinase pathways...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506888/calcium-sensing-receptor-erk-signaling-promotes-odontoblastic-differentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-cells
#7
Hiroyuki Mizumachi, Shinichiro Yoshida, Atsushi Tomokiyo, Daigaku Hasegawa, Sayuri Hamano, Asuka Yuda, Hideki Sugii, Suguru Serita, Hiromi Mitarai, Katsuaki Koori, Naohisa Wada, Hidefumi Maeda
Activation of the G protein-coupled calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) has crucial roles in skeletal development and bone turnover. Our recent study has identified a role for activated CaSR in the osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells. Furthermore, odontoblasts residing inside the tooth pulp chamber play a central role in dentin formation. However, it remains unclear how CaSR activation affects the odontoblastic differentiation of human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). We have investigated the odontoblastic differentiation of HDPCs exposed to elevated levels of extracellular calcium (Ca) and strontium (Sr), and the contribution of CaSR and the L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel (L-VDCC) to this process...
May 12, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377982/mechanistic-insight-into-the-effects-of-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-activation-on-osteogenic-differentiation
#8
Chawon Yun, Joseph A Weiner, Danielle S Chun, Jonghwa Yun, Ralph W Cook, Michael S Schallmo, Abhishek S Kannan, Sean M Mitchell, Ryan D Freshman, Christian Park, Wellington K Hsu, Erin L Hsu
While inhibition of bone healing and increased rates of pseudarthrosis are known adverse outcomes associated with cigarette smoking, the underlying mechanisms by which this occurs are not well understood. Recent work has implicated the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (Ahr) as one mediator of the anti-osteogenic effects of cigarette smoke (CS), which contains numerous toxic ligands for the Ahr. 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD, dioxin) is a high-affinity Ahr ligand frequently used to evaluate Ahr pathway activation...
June 2017: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303319/effect-of-sdf-1-cxcr4-signaling-antagonist-amd3100-on-bone-mineralization-in-distraction-osteogenesis
#9
Jia Xu, Yuanfeng Chen, Yang Liu, Jinfang Zhang, Qinglin Kang, Kiwai Ho, Yimin Chai, Gang Li
Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a widely applied technique in orthopedics surgery, which involves rapid stem cell migration, homing, and differentiation. Interactions between the chemokine receptor Cxcr4 and its ligand, stromal derived factor-1 (SDF-1), regulate hematopoietic stem cell trafficking to the ischemic area and induce their subsequent differentiation. Here, we examined SDF-1 expression and further investigated the role of SDF-1/Cxcr4 signaling antagonist AMD3100 during bone regeneration in rat DO model...
March 16, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287912/osteogenic-differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-a-comparative-analysis-between-human-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-and-dental-pulp
#10
Iolanda D'Alimonte, Filiberto Mastrangelo, Patricia Giuliani, Laura Pierdomenico, Marco Marchisio, Mariachiara Zuccarini, Patrizia Di Iorio, Raimondo Quaresima, Francesco Caciagli, Renata Ciccarelli
White adipose tissue is a source of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) that are actively studied for their possible therapeutic use in bone tissue repair/remodeling. To better appreciate the osteogenic potential of these cells, we compared some properties of MSCs from human subcutaneous adipose tissue [subcutaneous-adipose stromal cells (S-ASCs)] and dental pulp stem cell (DPSCs) of third-impacted molars, the latter representing a well-established MSC source. Both undifferentiated cell types showed similar fibroblast-like morphology and mesenchymal marker expression...
June 1, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235973/endothelin-signaling-regulates-mineralization-and-posttranscriptionally-regulates-sost-in-tmob-cells-via-mir-126-3p
#11
Michael G Johnson, Kathryn Konicke, Jasmin Kristianto, Anne Gustavson, Rachel Garbo, Xiaohu Wang, Baozhi Yuan, Robert D Blank
Previously, our laboratory identified ECE-1, encoding endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1), as a positional candidate for a pleiotropic quantitative trait locus affecting femoral size, shape, and biomechanical performance. We hypothesized that endothelin-1 (ET-1) signaling promotes osteogenesis. Exposure of immortalized mouse osteoblast (TMOb) cells to big ET-1 increased mineralization. Following big ET-1 treatment, we measured the secretion of insulin-like-growth factor-1 (IGF1), dickkopf-homolog-1 protein 1 (DKK1), and sclerostin (SOST)...
February 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228629/involvement-of-the-calcium-sensing-receptor-in-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-induced-osteogenic-gene-expression-in-murine-mc3t3-e1-cells
#12
Takuya Yasukawa, Makoto Hayashi, Natsuko Tanabe, Hiromasa Tsuda, Yusuke Suzuki, Takayuki Kawato, Naoto Suzuki, Masao Maeno, Bunnai Ogiso
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has excellent biocompatibility as well as bioactivity, including an ability to induce osteoblast differentiation. We examined the effects of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) on osteogenic gene expression induced by MTA. MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured with or without (control) MTA. The expression levels of Runx2, type I collagen, and CaSR genes were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and their products were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The levels were increased significantly in cells exposed to MTA compared with control...
July 26, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132908/administration-of-an-activin-receptor-iib-ligand-trap-protects-male-juvenile-rhesus-macaques-from-simian-immunodeficiency-virus-associated-bone-loss
#13
Wen Guo, Karol M Pencina, Karyn O'Connell, Monty Montano, Liming Peng, Susan Westmoreland, Julie Glowacki, Shalender Bhasin
HIV-infected individuals are at an increased risk of osteoporosis despite effective viral suppression. Observations that myostatin null mice have increased bone mass led us to hypothesize that simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-associated bone loss may be attenuated by blocking myostatin/TGFβ signaling. In this proof-of-concept study, pair-housed juvenile male rhesus macaques were inoculated with SIVmac239. Four weeks later, animals were treated with vehicle or Fc-conjugated soluble activin receptor IIB (ActR2B·Fc, iv...
January 26, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091848/a-novel-combination-treatment-to-stimulate-bone-healing-and-regeneration-under-hypoxic-conditions-photobiomodulation-and-melatonin
#14
Jang-Ho Son, Bong-Soo Park, In-Ryoung Kim, Iel-Yong Sung, Yeong-Cheol Cho, Jung-Soo Kim, Yong-Deok Kim
Melatonin has anabolic effects on the bone, even under hypoxia, and laser irradiation has been shown to improve osteoblastic differentiation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether laser irradiation and melatonin would have synergistic effects on osteoblastic differentiation and mineralization under hypoxic conditions. MC3T3-E1 cells were exposed to 1% oxygen tension for the hypoxia condition. The cells were divided into four groups: G1-osteoblast differentiation medium only (as the hypoxic condition), G2-treatment with 50 μM melatonin only, G3-laser irradiation (808 nm, 80 mW, GaAlAs diode) only, and G4-treatment with 50 μM melatonin and laser irradiation (808 nm, 80 mW, GaAlAs diode)...
April 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030966/systemic-drugs-that-influence-titanium-implant-osseointegration
#15
REVIEW
Dragos Apostu, Ondine Lucaciu, Gheorghe Dan Osvald Lucaciu, Bogdan Crisan, Liana Crisan, Mihaela Baciut, Florin Onisor, Grigore Baciut, Radu Septimiu Câmpian, Simion Bran
Titanium implants are widely used on an increasing number of patients in orthopedic and dental medicine. Despite the good survival rates of these implants, failures that lead to important socio-economic consequences still exist. Recently, research aimed at improving implant fixation, a process called osseointegration, has focused on a new, innovative field: systemic delivery of drugs. Following implant fixation, patients receive systemic drugs that could either impair or enhance osseointegration; these drugs include anabolic and anti-catabolic bone-acting agents in addition to new treatments...
February 2017: Drug Metabolism Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009825/neuropeptide-y1-receptor-regulates-glucocorticoid-induced-inhibition-of-osteoblast-differentiation-in-murine-mc3t3-e1-cells-via-erk-signaling
#16
Wei Yu, Chao Zhu, Wenning Xu, Leisheng Jiang, Shengdan Jiang
High dose glucocorticoid (GC) administration impairs the viability and function of osteoblasts, thus causing osteoporosis and osteonecrosis. Neuropeptide Y1 receptor (Y1 receptor) is expressed in bone tissues and cells, and regulates bone remodeling. However, the role of Y1 receptor in glucocorticoid-induced inhibition of osteoblast differentiation remains unknown. In the present study, osteoblastic cell line MC3T3-E1 cultured in osteogenic differentiation medium was treated with or without of 10(-7) M dexamethasone (Dex), Y1 receptor shRNA interference, Y1 receptor agonist [Leu(31), Pro(34)]-NPY, and antagonist BIBP3226...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005706/endothelin-type-a-receptor-blockade-reduces-vascular-calcification-and-inflammation-in-rats-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Richard Larivière, Alexandra Gauthier-Bastien, Roth-Visal Ung, Julie St-Hilaire, Fabrice Mac-Way, Darren E Richard, Mohsen Agharazii
OBJECTIVE: Arterial stiffness and calcification are nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Using a rat model of CKD with mineral imbalance, medial vascular calcification has been associated with inflammation and increased endothelin-1 (ET-1) production. We therefore hypothesized that ET-1, through the endothelin type A (ETA) receptor, induces vascular inflammation, calcification and stiffness in CKD. METHODS: CKD was induced in Wistar rats by renal mass ablation...
February 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905067/mathematical-model-of-bone-remodeling-captures-the-antiresorptive-and-anabolic-actions-of-various-therapies
#18
David S Ross, Khamir Mehta, Antonio Cabal
A better understanding of the molecular pathways regulating the bone remodeling process should help in the development of new antiresorptive regulators and anabolic regulators, that is, regulators of bone resorption and of bone formation. Understanding the mechanisms by which parathyroid hormone (PTH) influences bone formation and how it switches from anabolic to catabolic action is important for treating osteoporosis (Poole and Reeve in Curr Opin Pharmacol 5:612-617, 2005). In this paper we describe a mathematical model of bone remodeling that incorporates, extends, and integrates several models of particular aspects of this biochemical system (Cabal et al...
November 30, 2016: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812916/gabab-receptors-as-modulating-target-for-inflammatory-responses-of-the-periodontal-ligament
#19
Anna Konermann, Thomas Van Dyke, Alpdogan Kantarci, Andreas Jäger
PDL cells express GABAB1 and GABAB2 receptors, which are regulated by inflammation and thus might be implicated in periodontal immunology. It was the aim of this study to elucidate the functional role of GABAB receptors in immunomodulation regarding activation of proregenerative versus proinflammatory mechanisms. Human PDL cells were exposed to GABA and/or GABAB receptor antagonist CGP-52432 alone or in combination with IL-1β to mimic inflammation. The influence on marker expression for inflammatory tissue destruction was determined via qRT-PCR and Luminex assays...
August 2017: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776430/baicalein-promotes-angiogenesis-and-odontoblastic-differentiation-via-the-bmp-and-wnt-pathways-in-human-dental-pulp-cells
#20
Sang-Im Lee, Sun-Young Kim, Kyung-Ran Park, Eun-Cheol Kim
Baicalein is an active flavonoid extracted from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis that has anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties; its effects on osteoblastic and angiogenic potential are controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of baicalein on odontoblastic differentiation and angiogenesis and the underlying mechanism in human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). Baicalein (1-10[Formula: see text][Formula: see text]M) had no cytotoxic effects and promoted alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, mineralization assayed by Alizarin Red-S staining, and the mRNA expression of marker genes, in a concentration-dependent manner...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
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