keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

seizures in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214165/agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum-and-aicardi-syndrome-a%C3%A2-neuroimaging-and-clinical-comparison
#1
T Govil-Dalela, A Kumar, R Agarwal, H T Chugani
BACKGROUND: Agenesis of the corpus callosum can occur in individuals with epilepsy, either in isolation or as part of various neurological conditions, such as Aicardi syndrome. In this study, we evaluated the clinical and neuroradiological differences between children with nonsyndromic agenesis of the corpus callosum and those with Aicardi syndrome. METHODS: We evaluated 31 children with epilepsy and agenesis of the corpus callosum (11 males, 20 females), 14 of whom had Aicardi syndrome (all females)...
January 4, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214048/psychosocial-and-behavioral-functioning-and-their-relationship-to-seizure-timing-in-children-with-benign-epilepsy-with-centrotemporal-spikes
#2
Gonca Bektaş, Uğur Tekin, Edibe Pembegül Yıldız, Tuğçe Aksu Uzunhan, Burak Tatlı, Nur Aydınlı, Mine Çalışkan, Meral Özmen
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial and behavioral problems have been reported in children with benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS). Distinctive features of typical BECTS associated with cognitive and behavioral problems have not clearly been defined. PURPOSE: We aimed to identify psychosocial and behavioral functioning and their relationship to seizure timing in BECTS. METHODS: Consecutive patients with BECTS were recruited from the pediatric neurology outpatient clinic between May 2015 and May 2016...
February 14, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213954/human-herpes-virus-6-infection-in-pediatric-organ-transplant-patients
#3
Elisa Ylinen, Silja Lehtinen, Timo Jahnukainen, Teemu Karlsson, Raisa Loginov, Laura Mannonen, Irmeli Lautenschlager, Hannu Jalanko
Transplant patients need lifelong immunosuppressive medication, but this reduces their defense mechanisms, making them prone to viral infections and reactivations. We aimed to clarify the prevalence and clinical manifestations of the human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) infection in children after pediatric solid organ transplants. Clinical findings and viral loads were compared between primary HHV-6 infections and reactivations. The study comprised 47 kidney, 25 liver, and 12 heart transplant patients who underwent surgery from 2009 to 2014...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211248/anesthetic-considerations-for-pediatric-electroconvulsive-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Andrew D Franklin, Jenna H Sobey, Eric T Stickles
Electroconvulsive therapy is being used more frequently in the treatment of many chronic and acute psychiatric illnesses in children. The most common psychiatric indications for pediatric electroconvulsive therapy are refractory depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, catatonia, and autism. In addition, a relatively new indication is the treatment of pediatric refractory status epilepticus. The anesthesiologist may be called upon to assist in the care of this challenging and vulnerable patient population...
February 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211198/safety-of-antifibrinolytics-in-cranial-vault-reconstructive-surgery-a-report-from-the-pediatric-craniofacial-collaborative-group
#5
Susan M Goobie, Franklyn P Cladis, Chris D Glover, Henry Huang, Srijaya K Reddy, Allison M Fernandez, David Zurakowski, Paul A Stricker
BACKGROUND: Antifibrinolytic therapy significantly decreases blood loss and transfusion in pediatric cranial vault reconstructive surgery; however, concern regarding the side effects profile limits clinical use. AIMS: The aim was to utilize the Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery Perioperative Registry database to identify the safety profile of antifibrinolytic therapy for cranial vault reconstructive surgery by reporting the incidence of adverse events as they relate to exposure to tranexamic acid and aminocaproic acid compared to no exposure to antifibrinolytics...
February 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210835/a-10-year-review-of-cannabis-exposure-in-children-under-3-years-of-age-do-we-need-a-more-global-approach
#6
Isabelle Claudet, Mathilde Le Breton, Camille Bréhin, Nicolas Franchitto
: Pediatricians working in an emergency environment are confronted with children admitted to emergency departments for intoxication on a daily basis. We carried out a retrospective cohort study of children admitted to a pediatric emergency department due to unintentional cannabis exposure over a 10-year period from 2004 to 2014. Twenty-nine children under the age of 3 were admitted with a positive cannabis urine test. Eighty-seven percent of intoxications occurred at the family home. Resin was the main form of ingested cannabis (69%)...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209769/seizures-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-white-matter-injury
#7
Monica S Cooper, Mark T Mackay, Michael Fahey, Dinah Reddihough, Susan M Reid, Katrina Williams, A Simon Harvey
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to describe the prevalence, syndromes, and evolution of seizure disorders in children with cerebral palsy (CP) due to white matter injury (WMI). METHODS: For this population-based cohort study, brain MRI scans and medical records were reviewed in children in the Victorian Cerebral Palsy Register born between 1999 and 2006 recorded as having WMI. Children were excluded if they had features of an undiagnosed syndrome, associated cortical malformation or injury, or no medical contact in the preceding year...
February 16, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209678/prophylactic-antipyretics-for-prevention-of-febrile-seizures-following-vaccination
#8
Nicholas Monfries, Ran D Goldman
Question Parents of a 12-month-old boy are bringing their son in to my family practice clinic for his well-baby visit. As the infant is due for his 12-month vaccine series, the parents are concerned after hearing about the association between certain vaccinations and an increased risk of febrile seizures, and are wondering if they should administer prophylactic antipyretics to decrease the risk of febrile seizure. What vaccinations are associated with increased risk of febrile seizure, and is there evidence supporting prophylactic administration of antipyretics to prevent febrile seizures? Answer Vaccinations associated with increased risk of febrile seizure include the following: the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine; the measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccine; the combined diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, polio, and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine; the whole-cell pertussis vaccine; the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine; and concomitant administration of the trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine with either the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine or the diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209266/changes-in-functional-organization-and-functional-connectivity-during-story-listening-in-children-with-benign-childhood-epilepsy-with-centro-temporal-spikes
#9
Jennifer Vannest, Thomas C Maloney, Jeffrey R Tenney, Jerzy P Szaflarski, Diego Morita, Anna W Byars, Mekibib Altaye, Scott K Holland, Tracy A Glauser
Children with Benign Epilepsy with Centrotemporal Spikes (BECTS), despite high likelihood for seizure remission, are reported to have subtle difficulties in language and other cognitive skills. We used functional MRI and a story listening task to examine the effect of BECTS on patterns of activation and connectivity. Language and cognitive skills were assessed using standardized measures. Twenty-four children with recently diagnosed BECTS and 40 typically-developing children participated. In a functionally-defined region of interest in right inferior frontal gyrus, BECTS patients showed a lower level of activation...
February 13, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202935/polymorphisms-of-toll-like-receptors-2-and-9-and-severity-and-prognosis-of-bacterial-meningitis-in-chinese-children
#10
Pingping Zhang, Nan Zhang, Linlin Liu, Kai Zheng, Liang Zhu, Junping Zhu, Lina Cao, Yiyuan Jiang, Gang Liu, Qiushui He
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a crucial role in innate immunity, protecting the host from bacterial pathogens. We investigated whether bacterial meningitis (BM) in children was associated with gene polymorphisms in TLR2 (rs3804099), TLR3 (rs3775291 and rs3775290) and TLR9 (rs352139 and rs352140). Blood samples were taken from 218 child patients with confirmed BM and 330 healthy adult controls (HC) and polymorphisms of these genes were analyzed by PCR-based sequencing. For TLR2 rs3804099, frequencies of the minor allele C were markedly higher in patients with severe BM (defined as CSF glucose concentration ≤ 1...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202703/investigations-in-gabaa-receptor-antibody-associated-encephalitis
#11
Marianna Spatola, Mar Petit-Pedrol, Mateus Mistieri Simabukuro, Thaís Armangue, Fernanda J Castro, Maria I Barcelo Artigues, Maria R Julià Benique, Leslie Benson, Mark Gorman, Ana Felipe, Ruben L Caparó Oblitas, Myrna R Rosenfeld, Francesc Graus, Josep Dalmau
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical features, comorbidities, receptor subunit targets, and outcome in patients with anti-GABAA receptor (GABAAR) encephalitis. METHODS: Clinical study of 26 patients, including 17 new (April 2013-January 2016) and 9 previously reported patients. Antibodies to α1, β3, and γ2 subunits of the GABAAR were determined using reported techniques. RESULTS: Patients' median age was 40.5 years (interquartile range 48...
February 15, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202262/cognitive-and-behavioral-effects-of-new-antiepileptic-drugs-in-pediatric-epilepsy
#12
REVIEW
Romina Moavero, Marta Elena Santarone, Cinzia Galasso, Paolo Curatolo
BACKGROUND: In pediatric epilepsy, neurodevelopmental comorbidities could be sometimes even more disabling than seizures themselves, therefore it is crucial for the clinicians to understand how to benefit these children, and to choose the proper antiepileptic drug for the treatment of epilepsy associated to a specific neurodevelopmental disorder. Aim of this paper is to discuss the potential impact on cognition and behavior of new and newest AEDs and to guide the choice of the clinicians for a targeted use in epilepsy associated with specific neurodevelopmental disorders...
February 12, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199897/real-world-utility-of-whole-exome-sequencing-with-targeted-gene-analysis-for-focal-epilepsy
#13
Piero Perucca, Ingrid E Scheffer, A Simon Harvey, Paul A James, Sebastian Lunke, Natalie Thorne, Clara Gaff, Brigid M Regan, John A Damiano, Michael S Hildebrand, Samuel F Berkovic, Terence J O'Brien, Patrick Kwan
OBJECTIVE: Driven by advances in genomic technology and reduction in costs, next-generation sequencing (NGS) is venturing into routine clinical care. The 'real-world' clinical utility of NGS remains to be determined in focal epilepsies, which account for 60% of all epilepsies and for which the importance of genetic factors is just beginning to emerge. We investigated the diagnostic yield and management implications of whole exome sequencing (WES)-based screening of selected genes in the routine care of common focal epilepsies suspected to have a genetic basis...
February 7, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195639/ethosuximide-sodium-valproate-or-lamotrigine-for-absence-seizures-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
REVIEW
Francesco Brigo, Stanley C Igwe
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review originally published in 2003, Issue 3, and updated in 2005, Issue 4.Absence seizures are brief epileptic seizures which present in childhood and adolescence. Depending on clinical features and electroencephalogram (EEG) findings they are divided into typical, atypical absences, and absences with special features. Typical absences are characterised by sudden loss of awareness and an EEG typically shows generalised spike wave discharges at three cycles per second...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193596/vegf-regulates-hippocampal-neurogenesis-and-reverses-cognitive-deficits-in-immature-rats-after-status-epilepticus-through-the-vegf-r2-signaling-pathway
#15
Wei Han, Xiaojie Song, Rong He, Tianyi Li, Li Cheng, Lingling Xie, Hengsheng Chen, Li Jiang
Epilepsy is the most common chronic disease in children, who exhibit a higher risk for status epilepticus (SE) than adults. Hippocampal neurogenesis is altered by epilepsy, particularly in the immature brain, which may influence cognitive development. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) represents an attractive target to modulate brain function at the neurovascular interface and is a double-edged sword in seizures. We used the lithium-pilocarpine-induced epilepsy model in immature Sprague-Dawley rats to study the effects of VEGF on hippocampal neurogenesis in the acute phase and on long-term cognitive behaviors in immature rats following status epilepticus (SE)...
February 10, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188074/complications-during-ketogenic-diet-initiation-prevalence-treatment-and-influence-on-seizure-outcomes
#16
Abigail Lin, Zahava Turner, Sarah C Doerrer, Anthony Stanfield, Eric H Kossoff
BACKGROUND: Many centers still admit children for several days to start the ketogenic diet. The exact incidence of adverse effects during the admission and their potential later impact on seizure reduction has not been widely studied. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of children with intractable epilepsy electively admitted for ketogenic diet initiation at our institution from 2011 to 2016. Charts were reviewed for adverse effects during the admission period and then examined for seizure reduction and compliance at three months...
January 16, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188045/treatment-issues-for-children-with-epilepsy-transitioning-to-adult-care
#17
REVIEW
Rima Nabbout, Carol S Camfield, Danielle M Andrade, Alexis Arzimanoglou, Catherine Chiron, Joyce A Cramer, Jacqueline A French, Eric Kossoff, Marco Mula, Peter R Camfield
This is the third of three papers that summarize the second symposium on Transition in Epilepsies held in Paris in June 2016. This paper focuses on treatment issues that arise during the course of childhood epilepsy and make the process of transition to adult care more complicated. Some AEDs used during childhood, such as stiripentol, vigabatrin, and cannabidiol, are unfamiliar to adult epilepsy specialists. In addition, new drugs are being developed for treatment of specific childhood onset epilepsy syndromes and have no indication yet for adults...
February 7, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185740/vaccine-adverse-events-in-a-safety-net-healthcare-system-and-a-managed-care-organization
#18
Komal J Narwaney, Kristin Breslin, Colleen A Ross, Jo Ann Shoup, Kris F Wain, Eric S Weintraub, Michael M McNeil, Simon J Hambidge
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine, in a 2013 report, recommended that the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) expand collaborations to include more diversity in the study population. Kaiser Permanente Colorado (KPCO), an established VSD site, partnered with Denver Health (DH), an integrated safety net healthcare system, to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating DH data within the VSD. Prior to incorporating the data, we examined the identification of specific vaccine associated adverse events (VAEs) in these two distinct healthcare systems...
February 6, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185049/developing-a-novel-epileptic-discharge-localization-algorithm-for-electroencephalogram-infantile-spasms-during-hypsarrhythmia
#19
Supachan Traitruengsakul, Laurie E Seltzer, Alex R Paciorkowski, Behnaz Ghoraani
Infantile spasms (ISS) is a devastating epileptic syndrome that affects children under the age of 1 year. The diagnosis of ISS is based on the semiology of the seizure and the electroencephalogram (EEG) background characterized by hypsarrhythmia (HYPS). However, even skilled electrophysiologists may interpret the EEG of children with ISS differently, and commercial software or existing epilepsy detection algorithms are not helpful. Since EEG is a key factor in the diagnosis of ISS, misinterpretation could result in serious consequences including inappropriate treatment...
February 9, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176142/hmgb1-tlr4-axis-plays-a-regulatory-role-in-the-pathogenesis-of-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-in-immature-rat-model-and-children-via-the-p38mapk-signaling-pathway
#20
Weihong Yang, Jing Li, Yun Shang, Li Zhao, Mingying Wang, Jipeng Shi, Shujun Li
The HMGB1-TLR4 axis is activated in adult mouse models of acute and chronic seizure. Nevertheless, whether HMGB1 was involved in the pathogenesis of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) remains unknown. In this study, we first measured the dynamic expression patterns of HMGB1 and TLR4 in the hippocampi of a rat model and in children with MTLE, as well as the levels of TNF-α and IL-1β. In addition, HMGB1 was added to mimic the process of inflammatory response in neurons. Neuronal somatic size and dendritic length were measured by immunohistochemistry and digital imaging...
February 7, 2017: Neurochemical Research
keyword
keyword
102989
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"