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etiology of shock

D B Kadam, Sonali Salvi, Ajay Chandanwale
The World Health Organization (WHO) has coined the term expanded dengue to describe cases which do not fall into either dengue shock syndrome or dengue hemorrhagic fever. This has incorporated several atypical findings of dengue. Dengue virus has not been enlisted as a common etiological agent in several conditions like encephalitis, Guillain Barre syndrome. Moreover it is a great mimic of co-existing epidemics like Malaria, Chikungunya and Zika virus disease, which are also mosquito-borne diseases. The atypical manifestations noted in dengue can be mutisystemic and multifacetal...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Carlo Banfi, Matteo Pozzi, Marie-Eve Brunner, Fabio Rigamonti, Nicolas Murith, Damiano Mugnai, Jean-Francois Obadia, Karim Bendjelid, Raphaël Giraud
Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) has known a widespread application over the last decade and is now an effective and valuable therapeutic option in refractory cardiogenic shock of various etiologies. In this subgroup of critically ill and unstable patients in cardiogenic shock, VA-ECMO allows, on the one hand, temporary hemodynamic stabilization with improvement of end-organ function and, on the other hand, gives the time to perform complementary diagnostic exams and to decide the therapeutic strategy in these high-risk candidates for immediate long-term mechanical circulatory support (MCS) implantation...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Anca Meda Georgescu, Leonard Azamfirei, Krisztina Szalman, Edit Szekely
BACKGROUND: Over the last decades Staphylococcus aureus (SA) has become the dominant etiology of native valve infective endocarditis, with the community-acquired methicillin-sensible Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MSSA) strains being the prevailing type. CASE: We report here a case of extremely severe CA-MSSA aortic valve acute endocarditis associated with persistent Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) in a previously healthy man and include a literature review.The patient developed severe and rare complications (purpura, purulent pericarditis, intracerebral hematoma, and rhabdomyolysis) through systemic embolism; they required drainage of pericardial empyema and cerebral hematoma, the latter eventually caused a fatal outcome...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dana Elena Giza, Enrique Fuentes-Mattei, Marc David Bullock, Stefan Tudor, Matthew Joseph Goblirsch, Muller Fabbri, Florea Lupu, Sai-Ching Jim Yeung, Catalin Vasilescu, George Adrian Calin
Regardless of its etiology, once septic shock is established, survival rates drop by 7.6% for every hour antibiotic therapy is delayed. The early identification of the cause of infection and prognostic stratification of patients with sepsis are therefore important clinical priorities. Biomarkers are potentially valuable clinical tools in this context, but to date, no single biomarker has been shown to perform adequately. Hence, in an effort to discover novel diagnostic and prognostic markers in sepsis, new genomic approaches have been employed...
October 14, 2016: Cell Death and Differentiation
Deyanira Pérez-Morales, Karla Daniela Rodríguez Hernández, Ignacio Martínez, Lourdes Teresa Agredano-Moreno, Luis Felipe Jiménez-García, Bertha Espinoza
Trypanosoma cruzi is the etiological agent of Chagas disease. The life cycle of this protozoan parasite is digenetic because it alternates its different developmental forms through two hosts, a vector insect and a vertebrate host. As a result, the parasites are exposed to sudden and drastic environmental changes causing cellular stress. The stress response to some types of stress has been studied in T. cruzi, mainly at the molecular level; however, data about ultrastructure and physiological state of the cells in stress conditions are scarce or null...
October 6, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Francisco Valenzuela-Sánchez, Blanca Valenzuela-Méndez, Juan Francisco Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Ángel Estella-García, María Ángela González-García
Mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) has a good biomarker profile: its half-life is several hours, and its plasma concentrations can be determined in clinical practice, it is essentially irrelevant, but proportionally represents the levels and activity of adrenomedullin (ADM). ADM synthesis is widely distributed in tissues, including bone, adrenal cortex, kidney, lung, blood vessels and heart. Its fundamental biological effects include vasodilator, positive inotropic, diuretic, natriuretic and bronchodilator...
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Aditya Lyall, Supradip Ghosh, Kirtee Mishra
Training in echocardiography is essential for an intensivist. We present a rapidly fatal case of obstructive shock where a vigilant intensivist could diagnose left atrial mass obstructing the mitral inflow as the etiology of shock.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Derek J Williams, Yuwei Zhu, Carlos G Grijalva, Wesley H Self, Frank E Harrell, Carrie Reed, Chris Stockmann, Sandra R Arnold, Krow K Ampofo, Evan J Anderson, Anna M Bramley, Richard G Wunderink, Jonathan A McCullers, Andrew T Pavia, Seema Jain, Kathryn M Edwards
BACKGROUND: Substantial morbidity and excessive care variation are seen with pediatric pneumonia. Accurate risk-stratification tools to guide clinical decision-making are needed. METHODS: We developed risk models to predict severe pneumonia outcomes in children (<18 years) by using data from the Etiology of Pneumonia in the Community Study, a prospective study of community-acquired pneumonia hospitalizations conducted in 3 US cities from January 2010 to June 2012...
September 29, 2016: Pediatrics
Agnes Norbury, Vincent Valton, Geraint Rees, Jonathan P Roiser, Masud Husain
UNLABELLED: Why are some people strongly motivated by intense sensory experiences? Here we investigated how people encode the value of an intense sensory experience compared with economic reward, and how this varies according to stimulation-seeking preference. Specifically, we used a novel behavioral task in combination with computational modeling to derive the value individuals assigned to the opportunity to experience an intense tactile stimulus (mild electric shock). We then examined functional imaging data recorded during task performance to see how the opportunity to experience the sensory stimulus was encoded in stimulation-seekers versus stimulation-avoiders...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Mardiaty Iryani Abdullah, Ching Chin Lee, Sarni Mat Junit, Khoon Leong Ng, Onn Haji Hashim
BACKGROUND: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is mainly diagnosed using fine-needle aspiration biopsy. This most common form of well-differentiated thyroid cancer occurs with or without a background of benign thyroid goiter (BTG). METHODS: In the present study, a gel-based proteomics analysis was performed to analyse the expression of proteins in tissue and serum samples of PTC patients with (PTCb; n = 6) and without a history of BTG (PTCa; n = 8) relative to patients with BTG (n = 20)...
2016: PeerJ
Chao-Wen Hsu, Jui-Ho Wang, Ya-Hsin Kung, Min-Chi Chang
PURPOSE: Colorectal perforations are a serious condition associated with a high mortality. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and identify predictors for the surgical mortality in adult patients with colorectal perforation, thereby achieving better outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study of adult patients diagnosed with colorectal perforation operated was performed. The clinical variables that might influence the surgical mortality were first analyzed, and the significant variables were then analyzed using a logistic regression model...
September 20, 2016: Surgery Today
Xin Li, Iago Sousa-Casasnovas, Carolina Devesa, Miriam Juárez, Francisco Fernández-Avilés, Manuel Martínez-Sellés
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock (CS) has a poor prognosis. The heterogeneity in the mortality through different subgroups suggests that some factors can be useful to perform risk stratification and guide management. We aimed to find predictors of in-hospital mortality in these patients. METHODS: We analyzed all cases of cardiogenic shock due to medical conditions admitted in our intensive acute cardiovascular care unity from November 2010 till November 2015. Clinical, biochemical and hemodynamic variables were registered, as was the Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (INTERMACS) profile at 24h of CS diagnosis...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
B Tettenborn, S Mehnert, I Reuter
Peripheral nerve injuries due to sports are relatively rare but the exact incidence is not known due to a lack of epidemiological studies. Particular sports activities tend to cause certain peripheral nerve injuries including direct acute compression or stretching, repetitive compression and stretching over time, or another mechanism such as ischemia or laceration. These nerve lesions may be severe and delay or preclude the athlete's return to sports, especially in cases with delayed diagnosis. Repetitive and vigorous use or overuse makes the athlete vulnerable to disorders of the peripheral nerves, and sports equipment may cause compression of the nerves...
September 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
Yi-Hsuan Hu, Chien-Ying Wang, Mu-Shun Huang, Chen-Hsen Lee, Yi-Szu Wen
BACKGROUND: This study investigated surgery-related medical disputes and analyzed disease etiologies and the main causes of disputes in order to identify key points for the purpose of improving the quality of surgical patient care in Taiwan. METHODS: Reports on all surgery-related cases appraised by the Taiwan Witness Examiner Committee of the Department of Health between 2004 and 2008 were reviewed retrospectively by three senior physicians from the emergency department who specialize in both trauma and emergency general surgery...
August 28, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Zinon T Kokkalis, Ilias D Iliopoulos, Georgia Antoniou, Thekla Antoniadou, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Elias Panagiotopoulos
Posterior shoulder fracture-dislocation is a rare injury accounting for approximately 0.9 % of shoulder fracture-dislocations. Impression fractures of the articular surface of the humeral head, followed by humeral neck fractures and fractures of the lesser and grater tuberosity, are the more common associated fractures. Multiple mechanisms have been implicated in the etiology of this traumatic entity most commonly resulting from forced muscle contraction as in epileptic seizures, electric shock or electroconvulsive therapy, major trauma such as motor vehicle accidents or other injuries involving axial loading of the arm, in an adducted, flexed and internally rotated position...
August 25, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Fabia Gamboni, Cameron Anderson, Sanchayita Mitra, Julie A Reisz, Travis Nemkov, Monika Dzieciatkowska, Kenneth L Jones, Kirk C Hansen, Angelo D'Alessandro, Anirban Banerjee
Uncontrolled inflammatory responses underlie the etiology of acute lung injury and acute distress respiratory syndrome, the most common late complications in trauma, the leading cause of death under the age of 59. Treatment with HTS decreases lung injury in clinical trials, rat models of trauma and hemorrhagic shock and inflammation in lung cell lines, although the mechanisms underlying these responses are still incompletely understood. Transcriptomics (RNaseq), proteomics, and U-(13)C-glucose tracing metabolomics experiments were performed to investigate the mechanisms of cellular responses to HTS treatment in primary small airway epithelial cells in the presence or absence of inflammatory injury mediated by a cocktail of cytokines (10 ng/mL of IFNγ, IL-1β, and TNFα)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Matteo Pozzi, Carlo Banfi, Daniel Grinberg, Catherine Koffel, Karim Bendjelid, Jacques Robin, Raphaël Giraud, Jean François Obadia
Myocarditis is an inflammatory disease of the heart muscle with established histological, immunological and immunohistochemical diagnostic criteria. Different triggers could be advocated as possible etiologies of myocarditis such as viral and non-viral infections, medications, systemic autoimmune diseases and toxic reactions. The spectrum of clinical presentations of myocarditis is broad and varies from subclinical asymptomatic courses to refractory cardiogenic shock. The prognosis of patients with myocarditis depends mainly on the severity of clinical presentation...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Markus M Lerch, Julia Mayerle, Ujjwal Mahajan, Matthias Sendler, F Ulrich Weiss, Ali Aghdassi, Patryk Moskwa, Peter Simon
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the 4th leading cause of cancer death worldwide and compared to other malignancies its share in cancer mortality is expected to rise further. This is due to a lack of sensitive diagnostic tools that would permit earlier detection in a potentially curable stage and the very slow progress in finding effective drug treatments for pancreatic cancer. KEY MESSAGES: Aside from genetic predispositions and environmental agents, chronic pancreatitis is by far the greatest risk factor for PDAC...
2016: Digestive Diseases
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
R Cicuendez, L Nogales, A Bueno, S Gonzalez De Zarate, D Calvo, C Andres, P Bueno, E Zarca, M F Muñoz, J Bermejo, J M Eiros, F Gandia, D Andaluz-Ojeda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
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