keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

etiology of shock

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140803/use-of-postmortem-computed-tomography-to-detect-bowel-obstruction-and-its-relationship-to-the-cause-of-death
#1
Dominic Gascho, Sarah Schaerli, Lucile Tuchtan-Torrents, Michael J Thali, Guillaume Gorincour
Bowel distension frequently indicates bowel obstruction, which is a common diagnosis in clinical radiology. Typically, symptoms and complaints lead to radiological examinations and the detection of the etiology. Untreated intestinal obstructions can lead to a fatal outcome through cardiac failure due to septic shock. Certain of these cases undergo medicolegal investigations depending on the case history, the condition of the decedent, the location of the finding, or recent visits to medical professionals. Computed tomography (CT) is a recommended method in clinical radiology for the detection of bowel obstruction, which is indicated by bowel distension and further radiological signs (eg, the whirl sign, which indicates a volvulus)...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123868/cardiocerebral-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-2017-update
#2
REVIEW
Gordon A Ewy
Sudden cardiac arrest is a major public health problem in the industrialized nations of the world. Yet, in spite of recurrent updates of the guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiac care, many areas have suboptimal survival rates. Cardiocerebral resuscitation, a non-guidelines approach to therapy of primary cardiac arrest based on our animal research, was instituted in Tucson (AZ, USA) in 2002 and subsequently adopted in other areas of the USA. Survival rates of patients with primary cardiac arrest and a shockable rhythm significantly improved wherever it was adopted...
July 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120554/accommodation-to-diagnosis-of-trigeminal-neuralgia
#3
Vanja Bašić Kes, Lucija Zadro Matovina
Trigeminal neuralgia is one of the most common causes of facial pain. It implies short lasting episodes of unilateral electric shock-like pain with abrupt onset and termination, in the distribution of one or more divisions of the trigeminal nerve that are triggered by innocuous stimuli. Most cases of trigeminal neuralgia are caused by compression of the trigeminal nerve root. Depending on the etiology, trigeminal neuralgia can be classified as classic trigeminal neuralgia or painful trigeminal neuropathy. It may be precipitated by some actions at trigger zones...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106786/iatrogenic-perforation-of-hypopharynx-as-a-cause-of-severe-descending-necrotizing-mediastinitis-a-case-report
#4
(no author information available yet)
The authors present a case report of severe descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) etiologically of unrecognized traumatic endotracheal intubation with hypopharynx-esophageal junction perforation. Patient was treated inadequately for seven days in local hospital what was the cause of sepsis progression into the septic shock with multiorgan dysfunction syndrome. Patient was transferred to specialized hospital and was immediately operated in general anaesthesia - combined transcervical approach and lateral thoracotomy was used for mediastinal drainage and debridement...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105684/-cardiogenic-shock-from-early-diagnosis-to-multiparameter-monitoring
#5
Marco Marini, Ilaria Battistoni, Alberto Lavorgna, Fabio Vagnarelli, Fabiana Lucà, Emilia Biscottini, Giorgio Caretta, Vincenza Procaccini, Letizia Riva, Gabriele Vianello, Andrea Mortara, Daniela Pini, Renata De Maria, Nadia Aspromonte, Andrea Di Lenarda, Michele Massimo Gulizia, Serafina Valente
Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a life-threatening condition that occurs in response to reduced cardiac output, in the presence of adequate intravascular volume, and results in tissue hypoxia. CS can occur as a result of several etiologies but the most common is acute myocardial infarction. Despite the introduction of emergency revascularization for CS complicating acute myocardial infarction, mortality still remains exceptionally high, particularly in patients with refractory CS. The diagnosis of CS is sometimes challenging and it is based on clinical, hemodynamic, and biochemical signs...
October 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098703/autonomic-conditioning-to-monetary-and-social-stimuli-and-aggression-in-children
#6
Yu Gao, Krystal Mendez, Xiaobo Li, Meng-Cheng Wang
Poor conditioning to punishment, such as loud tones or electric shock, has been proposed as an important factor involved in the etiology of aggressive and psychopathic behavior. However, it is not known whether the association holds when monetary or social stimulus is used as the unconditioned stimulus, and if aggressive individuals also have impaired conditioning to rewards. In this study, skin conductance responses in a conditioning task involving both monetary/social reward and punishment as unconditioned stimuli were assessed in 340 male and female 8- to 9-year-old children from the community...
November 3, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098094/severe-undifferentiated-vasoplegic-shock-refractory-to-vasoactive-agents-treated-with-methylene-blue
#7
Farheen Manji, Benjamin Wierstra, Juan Posadas
Methylene blue is a phenothiazine-related heterocyclic aromatic molecule presently used in the treatment of methemoglobinemia. Recently, it has been implicated in the treatment of severe refractory vasoplegic shock caused by anaphylaxis, sepsis, or postcardiopulmonary bypass. We present a case of a 27-year-old male with profound vasoplegic shock of unknown etiology which was refractory to vasopressors who responded within hours to a single dose of methylene blue. Additionally, we review the evidence of methylene blue's role in the treatment of shock...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095384/hyperglycemic-hyperosmolar-state-during-induction-chemotherapy-for-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#8
Randall Yimbong Chan, Ankit V K Shah, Keith E Lewis, Jeffrey L Johnson, Paola Sequeira, Cynthia H Ho
We present the case of a 16-year-old boy who presented with fatigue, polyuria, and polydipsia while on chemotherapy for his relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Blood gas examination confirmed the diagnosis of hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state. The etiology for his hyperglycemia was most likely a result of oral glucocorticoid therapy combined with asparaginase therapy-both are a cornerstone of induction chemotherapy for ALL. The patient was aggressively rehydrated with saline, and medications were administered to correct his hyperkalemia...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081491/deep-vein-thrombosis-complicated-by-spontaneous-iliopsoas-hematoma-in-patient-with-septic-shock
#9
Muhammad Umer Butt, Lili A Buzsaki, Susan S Smyth, Samy-Claude Elayi
BACKGROUND Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage (SRH) is a rare and difficult-to-diagnose entity. It is not associated with trauma, pathology, or iatrogenic manipulations. Few cases have been reported, with the only precipitating factor recognized being bleeding diatheses such as anticoagulation states, inherited coagulopathies, and hemodialysis. However, none of these have been described in combination with septic shock, which itself is associated with platelet dysfunction, coagulation dysfunction, and vasculopathy...
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079067/clinical-mimics-an-emergency-medicine-focused-review-of-cellulitis-mimics
#10
Garrett Blumberg, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Cellulitis is a common clinical condition with low rates of morbidity and mortality if treated appropriately. Mimics of cellulitis presenting with erythema, edema, warmth, and pain can be associated with grave morbidity and mortality if misdiagnosed. OBJECTIVE: This review investigates the signs and symptoms of cellulitis, mimics of cellulitis, and an approach to the management of both cellulitis and its mimics. DISCUSSION: The current emergency medicine definition of cellulitis includes erythema, induration, warmth, and swelling...
October 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075932/effect-of-ringers-acetate-in-different-doses-on-plasma-volume-in-rat-models-of-hypovolemia
#11
Svajunas Statkevicius, Attila Frigyesi, Peter Bentzer
BACKGROUND: Even though crystalloids are the first choice for fluid resuscitation in hemodynamically unstable patients, their potency as plasma volume expanders in hypovolemia of different etiologies is largely unknown. The objective of the study was to investigate dose-response curves of a crystalloid in hypovolemia induced by either sepsis or hemorrhagic shock. RESULTS: Rats were randomized to resuscitation with Ringers acetate at a dose 10, 30, 50, 75, or 100 ml/kg at 4 h after induction of sepsis by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) or 2...
October 26, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074504/derivation-and-validation-of-the-crest-model-for-very-early-prediction-of-circulatory-etiology-death-in-patients-without-stemi-after-cardiac-arrest
#12
Karen E Bascom, John Dziodzio, Samip Vasaiwala, Michael Mooney, Nainesh Patel, John McPherson, Paul McMullan, Barbara Unger, Niklas Nielsen, Hans Friberg, Richard R Riker, Karl B Kern, Christine W Duarte, David B Seder
Background -No practical tool quantitates the risk of circulatory-etiology death (CED) immediately after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation in patients without ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We developed and validated a prediction model to rapidly determine that risk and facilitate triage to individualized treatment pathways. Methods -Using the International Cardiac Arrest Registry (INTCAR), an 87-question data set representing 44 centers in America and Europe, patients were classified as having had CED or a combined endpoint of neurological-etiology death or survival...
October 26, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072124/efficacy-of-low-intensity-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-on-men-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-refractory-to-3-as-therapy
#13
Shiao-Jin Guu, Jiun-Hung Geng, I-Ting Chao, Hui-Tzu Lin, Yung-Chin Lee, Yung-Shun Juan, Chia-Chu Liu, Chii-Jye Wang, Chia-Chun Tsai
Managing patients with chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) refractory to the traditional 3-As therapy (antibiotics, alpha-blockers, and anti-inflammatories) is a challenging task. Low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (LI-ESWT) was recently reported to be able to improve pain, urinary symptoms, and even sexual function by inducing neovascularization and anti-inflammation, reducing muscle tone, and influencing nerve impulses. This study evaluates whether combined treatment with LI-ESWT can restore clinical ability and quality of life (QoL) in patients refractory to 3-As therapy...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058171/cavitary-pulmonary-sporotrichosis-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Florencia D Rojas, Mariana S Fernández, Juan Manuel Lucchelli, Dora Lombardi, José Malet, María Eugenia Vetrisano, María Emilia Cattana, María de Los Ángeles Sosa, Gustavo Giusiano
A case of cavitary pulmonary sporotrichosis without mucocutaneous involvement caused by Sporothrix schenckii is reported in a sexagenarian woman with a long smoking history. The patient was hospitalized for septic shock with multiorgan failure from a respiratory focus. The diagnosis was delayed due to the fungal etiological agent was not initially considered in the differential diagnosis. A good clinical and radiological evolution was obtained with the antifungal therapy. Occasional cases of primary pulmonary sporotrichosis have been reported in the literature...
December 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041005/cardiogenic-shock-during-first-infusion-of-anthracycline-chemotherapy-in-a-patient-with-hodgkin-lymphoma-an-unusual-event
#15
Giulio Binaghi, Damiana Congia, Stefano Cossa, Stefania Massidda, Daniele Pasqualucci, Federica Pilo, Emanuela Serra, Emanuele Angelucci, Maurizio Porcu
INTRODUCTION: Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is one of the most common types of cancers of the lymphatic system. The currently available therapies enable a cure in approximately 80-85% of treated patients. However, the cardiotoxicity of HL treatment has become a major cause of morbidity and mortality in survivors mainly related to the use of anthracycline. CASE REPORT: An HL, staged IIIB, was diagnosed in a 60-year-old man with no cardiovascular disease. During the first cycle of ABVD chemotherapy (Adriamycin; bleomycin; vinblastine; dacarbazine), near the end of the dacarbazine infusion, the patient presented a sudden cardiogenic shock characterized by a severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction...
October 18, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947652/phasevarion-regulated-virulence-in-the-emerging-paediatric-pathogen-kingella-kingae
#16
Yogitha N Srikhanta, Ka Yee Fung, Georgina L Pollock, Vicki Bennett-Wood, Benjamin P Howden, Elizabeth L Hartland
Kingella kingae is a common etiological agent of paediatric osteoarticular infections. While current research has expanded our understanding of K. kingae pathogenesis, there is a paucity of knowledge about host-pathogen interactions and virulence gene regulation. Many host-adapted bacterial pathogens contain phase variable DNA methyltransferases (mod genes), which can control expression of a regulon of genes (phasevarion), through differential methylation of the genome. Here we identify a phase variable type III mod gene in K...
September 25, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947644/why-is-antibiotic-treatment-not-enough-for-sepsis-resolution-an-evaluation-in-an-experimental-animal-model
#17
Jonathan L Halbach, Andrew W Wang, Dennis Hawisher, David M Cauvi, Radhames E Lizardo, Joseph Rosas, Tony Reyes, Omar Escobedo, Stephen W Bickler, Raul Coimbra, Antonio De Maio
Sepsis remains a major health problem at the level of mortality, morbidity and economic burden to the healthcare system, a condition that is aggravated by the development of secondary conditions, such as septic shock and multiple organ failure. Our current understanding of the etiology of human sepsis has advanced, at least in part, due to the use of experimental animal models, particularly the model of cecum ligation and puncture (CLP). Antibiotic treatment has been commonly used in this model to closely mirror the treatment of human septic patients...
September 25, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912976/electromagnetic-interference-from-swimming-pool-generator-current-causing-inappropriate-icd-discharges
#18
Edward Samuel Roberto, Thein Tun Aung, Atif Hassan, Abdul Wase
Electromagnetic interference (EMI) includes any electromagnetic field signal that can be detected by device circuitry, with potentially serious consequences: incorrect sensing, pacing, device mode switching, and defibrillation. This is a unique case of extracardiac EMI by alternating current leakage from a submerged motor used to recycle chlorinated water, resulting in false rhythm detection and inappropriate ICD discharge. A 31-year-old female with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and Medtronic dual-chamber ICD placement presented after several inappropriate ICD shocks at the public swimming pool...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901332/prolonged-hypotension-associated-with-wernicke-s-encephalopathy
#19
H Maeda, A Kuriyama, T Tanaka
A diagnosis of Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is difficult. Transient hypotension has been reported as a rare complication of WE. We herein report a case of prolonged hypotension and dysuautonomia associated with WE in a 69-year-old man with underlying alcohol abuse. Without apparent etiology of shock, this patient remained hypotensive for 9 days, requiring a vasopressor, despite daily administration of thiamine 600 mg. Fluctuation of blood pressure caused by postural change and bradycardia in the presence of shock indicated that this patient had dysautonomia...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870718/four-year-experience-of-providing-mobile-extracorporeal-life-support-to-out-of-center-patients-within-a-suprainstitutional-network-outcome-of-160-consecutively-treated-patients
#20
Hug Aubin, George Petrov, Hannan Dalyanoglu, Maximillian Richter, Diyar Saeed, Payam Akhyari, Detlef Kindgen-Milles, Alexander Albert, Artur Lichtenberg
AIM: Mobile extracorporeal life support (ECLS) may soon be on the verge to become a fundamental part of emergency medicine. Here, we report on our four-year experience of providing advanced mechanical circulatory support for out-of-center patients within the Düsseldorf ECLS Network (DELSN). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyses the outcome of 160 patients with refractory circulatory failure consecutively treated with mobile veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vaECMO) between July 2011 and October 2015 within the DELSN...
September 11, 2017: Resuscitation
keyword
keyword
102985
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"