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Heun Park, Dong Sik Kim, Soo Yeong Hong, Chulmin Kim, Jun Yeong Yun, Seung Yun Oh, Sang Woo Jin, Yu Ra Jeong, Gyu Tae Kim, Jeong Sook Ha
In this study, we report on the development of a stretchable, transparent, and skin-attachable strain sensor integrated with a flexible electrochromic device as a human skin-inspired interactive color-changing system. The strain sensor consists of a spin-coated conductive nanocomposite film of poly(vinyl alcohol)/multi-walled carbon nanotube/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) on a polydimethylsiloxane substrate. The sensor exhibits excellent performance of high sensitivity, high durability, fast response, and high transparency...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
A Robert Hillman, Karl S Ryder, Hani K Ismail, Asuman Unal, Annelies Voorhaar
Electroactive films based on conducting polymers have numerous potential applications, but practical devices frequently require a combination of properties not met by a single component. This has prompted an extension to composite materials, notably those in which particulates are immobilised within a polymer film. Irrespective of the polymer and the intended application, film wetting is important: by various means, it facilitates transport processes - of electronic charge, charge-balancing counter ions ("dopant") and analyte/reactant molecules - and motion of polymer segments...
May 25, 2017: Faraday Discussions
Zepeng Kang, Kailong Jiao, Xinping Xu, Ruiyun Peng, Shuqiang Jiao, Zongqian Hu
A three-dimensional architecture of PANI@GO hybrid was synthesized via in-situ polymerization of aniline monomers on the surface of graphene oxide (GO) and carbonized at 1600°C. The SEM images showed that surfaces of planar GO were covered by a compact nanofiber-like polyaniline (PANI) layer which presented an interconnected network. Nanofiber-like PANI on the GO surface was mostly preserved and became the carbon nanofibers (CNFs) after carbonization. The TEM images showed that the carbonized PANI grew seamlessly on the GO surface and served as conductive "network" between interlayers of GO...
May 12, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Paola Fanzio, Chi-Tung Chang, Maciej Skolimowski, Simone Tanzi, Luigi Sasso
We present here an electrochemical sensor microsystem for the monitoring of pH. The all-polymeric device is comprised of a cyclic olefin copolymer substrate, a 200 nm-thin patterned layer of conductive polymer (PEDOT), and a 70 nm electropolymerized layer of a pH sensitive conductive polymer (polyaniline). The patterning of the fluidic (microfluidic channels) and conductive (wiring and electrodes) functional elements was achieved with a single soft PDMS mold via a single embossing step process. A post-processing treatment with ethylene glycol assured the functional enhancement of the electrodes, as demonstrated via an electrical and electrochemical characterization...
May 20, 2017: Sensors
Yihan Wang, Jie Yang, Lingyu Wang, Kai Du, Qiang Yin, QinJian Yin
Polypyrrole/Graphene/Polyaniline (PPy/GNs/PANi) ternary nanocomposite with high thermoelectric power factor has been successfully prepared through the combination of in situ polymerization and solution process. FTIR, Raman spectra, XRD and SEM analyses show the strong π-π interactions existed among PPy, GNs and PANi, leading to the formation of more ordered regions in the composite. Both the in situ polymerization and solution process can enhance the dispersion homogeneity of graphene in the polymer matrix, bringing about increased nano-interfaces in the PPy/GNs/PANi composite...
May 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Nazia H Kera, Madhumita Bhaumik, Kriveshini Pillay, Suprakas Sinha Ray, Arjun Maity
The adsorption of toxic hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) and its reduction to trivalent chromium (Cr(III)) are important processes for the treatment of industrial wastewater. Conducting polymers can adsorb and reduce Cr(VI) to less toxic Cr(III) but have low adsorption capacities due to agglomeration of particles and are difficult to separate from treated water. In this study, magnetic polypyrrole (PPy)-polyaniline (PANI)/iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanocomposite was synthesized for the selective removal of Cr(VI) in aqueous solution...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Jian Liu, Hong Bi, Paulo Cesar Morais, Xiang Zhang, Fapei Zhang, Lin Hu
Room temperature magnetic ordering is reported for very small carbon dots (CDs), mat-like polyaniline nanofibers (Mat-PANI) and a composite of CDs@Mat-PANI containing 0.315 wt% CDs. We have found saturation magnetization (M S ) of CDs, Mat-PANI and CDs@Mat-PANI at 5 (20/300) K equals to 0.0079 (0.0048/0.0019), 0.0116 (0.0065/0.0055) and 0.0349 (0.0085/0.0077) emu/g, respectively. The M S enhancement in CDs@Mat-PANI (200% and 40% at 5 K and 300 K, respectively) is attributed to electron transfer from Mat-PANI imine N-atoms to the encapsulated CDs...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Ji Xing, Maoying Liao, Chi Zhang, Min Yin, Dongdong Li, Ye Song
To investigate the effect of anions on the electrochemical properties of polyaniline (PANI) for supercapacitors, electrochemical performance tests of PANI with different dopant anions were carried out in the corresponding acid solutions by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge-discharge (GCD) methods. In particular, ionic fluxes and solvent molecules involved in redox processes can be analyzed by the electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM) technique and discriminated by simultaneously recording cyclic voltammograms and mass changes during redox switching...
May 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Alper Balkan, Efe Armagan, Gozde Ozaydin Ince
Vapor-phase synthesis techniques of polymeric nanostructures offer unique advantages over conventional, solution-based techniques because of their solventless nature. In this work, we report the fabrication of coaxial polymer nanotubes using two different chemical vapor deposition methods. The fabrication process involves the deposition of an outer layer of the conductive polyaniline (PANI) by oxidative chemical vapor deposition, followed by the deposition of the inner layer of poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (pHEMA) hydrogel by initiated chemical vapor deposition...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Mari Carmen Echave, Laura Saenz Del Burgo, Jose Luis Pedraz, Gorka Orive
Tissue engineering is considered one of the most important therapeutic strategies of regenerative medicine. The main objective of these new technologies is the development of substitutes made with biomaterials that are able to heal, repair or regenerate injured or diseased tissues and organs. These constructs seek to unlock the limited ability of human tissues and organs to regenerate. In this review, we highlight the convenient intrinsic properties of gelatin for the design and development of advanced systems for tissue engineering...
May 11, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Bei Ye, Kun Cheng, Wenqiang Li, Jing Liu, Jie Zhang, Shichun Mu
A proton (Perfluorosulfonic acid, PFSA) and electron (Polyaniline, PANI) conductor polymer co-stabilized Pt catalysts (Pt-PFSA/C@PANI) is synthesized to improve the long-term stability of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). The prepared catalyst not only displays comparable oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity, but significantly higher electrochemical stability than commercial porous carbon nanosphere supported Pt catalysts (Pt/C). This robust electrochemical property can be due to the result of PFSA and PANI...
May 11, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Fanhong Chen, Pengbo Wan, Haijun Xu, Xiaoming Sun
Flexible transparent electronic devices have recently gained immense popularity in smart wearable electronics and touch screen devices, which accelerates the development of the portable power sources with reliable flexibility, robust transparency and integration to couple these electronic devices. For potentially coupled as energy storage modules in various flexible, transparent and portable electronics, the flexible transparent supercapacitors are developed and assembled from hierarchical nanocomposite films of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and aligned polyaniline (PANI) nanoarrays upon their synergistic advantages...
May 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Khadija M Emran, Shimaa M Ali, Aishah L L Al-Oufi
Nano-conducting copolymers of aniline (ANI) and pyrrole (Py) with silica of different starting monomer ratios are prepared by oxidative chemical polymerization. X-ray diffraction (XRD) data showed that polyaniline (PANI) is the predominant phase in copolymer composites with a higher starting ANI monomer ratio while polypyrrole (PPy) is the major phase for other prepared samples. Transmission and scanning electron microscope images ascertained XRD results where hexagonal-shaped particles are assigned to PANI/SiO₂ and poly(9ANI-co-1Py)/SiO₂ samples; the cauliflower morphology can be observed for PPy/SiO₂, poly(1ANI-co-9Py)/SiO₂, poly(1ANI-co-2Py)/SiO₂, and poly(1ANI-co-1Py)/SiO₂ samples...
May 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Junjie Wen, Xiaojun Tan, Yongyou Hu, Qian Guo, Xuesen Hong
The removal and inactivation of waterborne pathogens from drinking water are important for human health. Here, a polyacrylonitrile/polyaniline/silver nanowires-carbon fiber cloth (PAN/PANI/AgNWs-CC) composite nanofiber membrane was fabricated using a simple and rapid coelectrospinning process, and an electrical device was applied with the PAN/PANI/AgNWs-CC filter for water electrochemical disinfection. The effects of voltage, flow rate, and microbial concentration on the filtration and electrochemical disinfection performance of the nanocomposite membrane were investigated...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Nicolas Roosz, Myriam Euvard, Boris Lakard, Cédric C Buron, Nicolas Martin, Lydie Viau
The synthesis of polyaniline-silica composites has been reinvestigated in view of the opposing results found in the literature. Firstly, we synthesized silica particles with tunable size using the Stöber process. These silica particles have been fully characterized before being used as solid support for the polymerization of aniline. This polymerization was performed according to a published procedure where the pH of the reaction mixture was below the pKa of aniline but at a value where the silica particles surface was still slightly negatively charged...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Priyanka Jain, Shilpa Varshney, Shalini Srivastava
Existing processes for the decontamination of heavy metals from water are found to be cost-prohibitive and energy-intensive which is totally against the sustainable concept of development. Green nanotechnology for water purification for ecosystem management, agricultural and industry is an emerging as leading global priority and occupies better position over the current state of water purification. Herein, the diafunctionalised polyaniline modified nanocellulose composite sorbent (PANI-NCC) has been used to introduce amine and imine functionalities for the removal of trivalent and hexavalent chromium from water bodies...
February 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
Shahid Iqbal, Ali Bahadur, Aamer Saeed, Kebin Zhou, Muhammad Shoaib, Muhammad Waqas
Lithium-ion battery (LIB) is a revolutionary step in the electric energy storage technology for making green environment. In the present communication, a LIB anode material was constructed by using graphene/polyaniline/CuS nanocomposite (GR/PANI/CuS NC) as a high-performance electrode. Initially, pure covellite CuS nanoplates (NPs) of the hexagonal structure were synthesized by hydrothermal route and then GR/PANI/CuS NC was fabricated by in-situ polymerization of aniline in the presence of CuS NPs and graphene nanosheets (GR NSs) as host matrix...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Vanish Kumar, Rashmi Mahajan, Inderpreet Kaur, Ki-Hyun Kim
In an effort to develop a simple and mediator-free sensing media for urea, a polyaniline (PANI) and graphitized nanodiamond (GND) nanocomposite was prepared at room temperature via an in situ interfacial polymerization approach. The interaction of ions produced during the hydrolysis of urea with nanomaterial was utilized for the amperometric sensing of urea. The performance of this composite (GND/PANI) was evaluated for the detection of urea referenced to PANI. Accordingly, both platforms exhibited good linearity across a varying concentration of 0...
May 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hong-Joon Lee, Sang-Ook Hur, Min-Kyoon Ahn, Mohammad Changez, Jae-Suk Lee
Considerable research approaches have focused on improving the crystallinity of conducting polymers to enhance the electrical conductivity. However, it is difficult to control the arrangement of polymer chains without the use of expensive and complex methods because of the intrinsic morphology of polymers. Herein, we report a one-step in situ process to produce controlled molecular-scale ordered polyaniline (PANI) films by coordination crosslinking with Zn ions using solvent-vapor thermal annealing (SVTA). The resulting PANI film crosslinked by Zn coordination has a face-centered cubic structure at the molecular scale, which was confirmed by high-voltage electron microscopy...
May 18, 2017: Nanoscale
Xiao Wang, Ruojie Sha, Martin Kristiansen, Carina Hernandez, Yudong Hao, Chengde Mao, James W Canary, Nadrian C Seeman
A 3D array of organic semiconductors was assembled using a DNA scaffold. An octameric aniline molecule ("octaniline") was incorporated into a DNA building block based on a dimeric tensegrity triangle. The construct self-assembled to form a 3D crystal. Reversible redox conversion between the pernigraniline and leucoemeraldine states of the octaniline is retained in the crystal. Protonic doping gave emeraldine salt at pH 5, corresponding to the conductive form of polyaniline. Redox cycling within the crystal was visualized by color changes and Raman microscopy...
June 1, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
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