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Prapha Arnnok, Nopbhasinthu Patdhanagul, Rodjana Burakham
The applicability of polyaniline (PANI)-modified zeolite NaY as a sorbent for multi-class pesticides extraction was investigated. The sorbent had a sorption capacity of 833mgkg(-1) sorbent and preconcentration factor of 42 in the mixture of twenty pesticides. The PANI-coated zeolite NaY was successfully created via oxidative polymerization of aniline onto the surface of the zeolite. The sorbent was applied for dispersive solid phase extraction (DSPE) of commonly used pesticides belonging to five different chemical groups, involving carbamate, organophosphate, sulfonylurea, pyrethroid and neonicotinoid...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
Xin Zhao, Hao Wu, Baolin Guo, Ruonan Dong, Yusheng Qiu, Peter X Ma
Injectable self-healing hydrogel dressing with multifunctional properties including anti-infection, anti-oxidative and conductivity promoting wound healing process will be highly desired in wound healing application and its design is still a challenge. We developed a series of injectable conductive self-healed hydrogels based on quaternized chitosan-g-polyaniline (QCSP) and benzaldehyde group functionalized poly(ethylene glycol)-co-poly(glycerol sebacate) (PEGS-FA) as antibacterial, anti-oxidant and electroactive dressing for cutaneous wound healing...
January 11, 2017: Biomaterials
Haiyin Li, Jiafu Chang, Ting Hou, Feng Li
It is well-known that the horseradish peroxidase- (HRP-) mimicking DNAzyme, namely, hemin/G-quadruplex, can effectively catalyze the polymerization of aniline to form DNA-guided polyaniline. Meanwhile, polyaniline exhibits extraordinary electrical, electrochemical, and redox properties, as well as excellent SPR signal-enhancing ability. Herein, we report a novel ultrasensitive surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor based on HRP-mimicking DNAzyme-catalyzed in situ formation of polyaniline for signal amplification, using bleomycin (BLM) as the proof-of-concept analyte...
January 3, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Christina O Baker, Xinwei Huang, Wyatt Nelson, Richard B Kaner
Polyaniline is a conducting polymer with incredible promise, but it has had limited use due to poor reaction control and processability associated with conventional morphologies. Polyaniline nanofibers, on the other hand, have demonstrated, through manufacturing techniques discovered during the past decade, increased processability, higher surface area, and improved consistency and stability in aqueous dispersions, which are finally allowing for expanded commercial development of this promising polymer. This review explores some intriguing applications of polyaniline nanofibers, as well as the advantages and remaining challenges in developing better products using polyaniline in this new morphology...
January 18, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
Boon-Hong Wee, Jong-Dal Hong, Tongfei Wu
Here we describe a facile and scalable method for preparing defect-free graphene sheets exfoliated from graphite using the positively charged polyelectrolyte precursor poly(p-phenylene vinylene) (PPV-pre) as a stabilizer in an aqueous solution. The graphene exfoliated by PPV-pre was apparently stabilized in the solution as a form of graphene/PPV-pre (denoted to GPPV-pre), which remains in a homogenous dispersion over a year. The thickness values of 300 selected 76% GPPV-pre flakes ranged from 1 to 10 nm, corresponding to between one and a few layers of graphene in the lateral dimensions of 1 to 2 μm...
January 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Bing Xia, Bin Wang, Jisen Shi, Yu Zhang, Qi Zhang, Zhenyu Chen, Jiachen Li
: To develop photothermal and biodegradable nanocarriers for combined chemo-photothermal therapy of cancer, polyaniline/porous silicon hybrid nanocomposites had been successfully fabricated via surface initiated polymerization of aniline onto porous silicon nanoparticles in our experiments. As-prepared polyaniline/porous silicon nanocomposites could be well dispersed in aqueous solution without any extra hydrophilic surface coatings, and showed a robust phototherml effect under near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation...
January 6, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Fan Jing, Miao Chen, Yanping Tang, Zhixiao Xu, Tao Huang, Yuezeng Su, Dongqing Wu
Nitrogen-doped mesoporous carbon nanosheets (NMCNs) with uniform hexagonal structures are fabricated via the thermal treatment of polyaniline enwrapped cobalt hydroxide (Co(OH)2) nanosheets and the subsequent acid etching of the resulting composites. It is found that the morphologies, poroisties and compositions of the NMCNs are greatly dependent on the ratio of the added aniline and Co(OH)2 nanosheets, which can in turn affect the electrochemical behavior of the NMCNs. As the electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline media, the NMCNs obtained with the aniline/Co(OH)2 ratio of ∼1...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Donglin Li, Yonggang Yang, Chaozheng Li, Yufang Liu
The dispersion-corrected density functional theory (DFT-D3) is used to investigate the mechanism of mesoporous pulp waste (MPW) and polyaniline (PANI) adsorptive removal methyl orange (MO) dye from their aqueous solutions. The results are absolutely reliable because of the sufficiently accurate method although such big systems are studied. It is demonstrated that hydrogen bond and Van Der Waals interactions play a significant role in MO adsorption by MPW and PANI. For MO adsorption by MPW, hydrogen bond and Van Der Waals interactions are both weakened in S1 state...
January 5, 2017: Environmental Research
Yanan Bu, Juanjuan Feng, Xiuqin Wang, Yu Tian, Min Sun, Chuannan Luo
A facile, low cost, sensitive and environmentally friendly polyaniline (PANI) coating was prepared onto the basalt fibers (BFs) by in situ hydrothermal growth method. PANI functionalized BFs were placed into a poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK) tube as a fibers-in-tube solid-phase microextraction (SPME) device. The extraction and analysis processes were carried out by connecting it to high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Three ultraviolet filters including 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone, phenyl salicylate and 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone were employed as model analytes...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Pablo Jiménez, Eric Levillain, Olivier Alévêque, Dominique Guyomard, Bernard Lestriez, Joël Gaubicher
The discovery of conducting lithium-doped polyaniline with reversible redox chemistry allows simultaneous unprecedented capacity and stability in a non-aqueous Li battery. This compound (lithium emeraldinate) was synthesized by lithium-proton exchange on the emeraldine base in an anhydrous lithium-based electrolyte. A combination of UV/Vis-NIR spectroelectrochemistry, XPS, FTIR, and EQCM characterization allowed a unified description of the chemical and electrochemical behavior, showing facile charge delocalization of the doped states and the reversibility of the redox processes in this form of polyaniline...
January 3, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Xin Du, Yuan Chen, Wenhao Dong, Bingkai Han, Min Liu, Qiang Chen, Jun Zhou
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) plays important signaling roles in normal physiology and disease. However, analyzing the actions of H2O2 is often impeded by the difficulty in detecting this molecule. Herein, we report a novel nanocomposite-based electrochemical sensor for non-enzymatic detection of H2O2. Graphene oxide (GO) was selected as the dopant for the synthesis of polyaniline (PANI), leading to the successful fabrication of a water-soluble and stable GO-PANI composite. GO-PANI was subsequently subject to cyclic voltammetry to generate reduced GO-PANI (rGO-PANI), enhancing the conductivity of the material...
December 27, 2016: Oncotarget
Bin Zhou, Youyi Qiu, Qingqing Wen, Mingyao Zhu, Peihui Yang
A mutiplex cytosensor based on a dual electrochemiluminescence (ECL) signal system was fabricated for in situ and simultaneous detection of the expression levels of multiple cell-surface receptors, mannose and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), using luminol-capped gold nanoparticles (Au@luminol) and CdS quantum dots (CdS QDs) as potential-resolved ECL nanoprobes. Two spatially resolved areas on indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes were modified with polyaniline (PANI) by electropolymerization, on which gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were attached to strengthen conductivity and stability of the sensing interface...
January 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Julia Robertson, James Dalton, Siouxsie Wiles, Marija Gizdavic-Nikolaidis, Simon Swift
Tuberculosis is considered a leading cause of death worldwide. More than 95% of cases and deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. In resource-limited countries, hospitals often lack adequate facilities to manage and isolate patients with infectious tuberculosis (TB), relying instead on personal protective equipment, such as facemasks, to reduce nosocomial transmission of the disease. Facemasks impregnated with an antimicrobial agent may be a cost-effective way of adding an extra level of protection against the spread of TB by reducing the risk of disease transmission...
2016: PeerJ
Ni Hui, Xiaotian Sun, Shuyan Niu, Xiliang Luo
Biofouling arising from nonspecific adsorption is a substantial outstanding challenge in diagnostics and disease monitoring, and antifouling sensing interfaces capable of reducing the nonspecific adsorption of proteins from biological complex samples are highly desirable. We present herein, the preparation of novel composite nanofibers through the grafting of polyethylene glycol (PEG) polymer onto polyaniline (PANI) nanofibers, and their application in the development of antifouling electrochemical biosensors...
December 27, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yumei Li, Xiang Li, Rui Zhao, Chuying Wang, Fangping Qiu, Bolun Sun, He Ji, Ju Qiu, Ce Wang
Recently, electrically conductive biomaterial scaffolds have shown great potential in tissue regeneration. Herein, we reported an electrically conductive polyaniline (PANI) coated poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) electrospun micron-fiber scaffold for the enhanced attachment and proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) under electrical stimulation conditions. After the O2 plasma treatment toward PCL electrospun fiber, PANI could be polymerized onto their surfaces successfully. The obtained PANI-PCL fibers were characterized by SEM observations, FT-IR spectra, XPS analysis, and water contact angle measurement...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Prinjaporn Teengam, Weena Siangproh, Adisorn Tuantranont, Charles S Henry, Tirayut Vilaivan, Orawon Chailapakul
A novel paper-based electrochemical biosensor was developed using an anthraquinone-labeled pyrrolidinyl peptide nucleic acid (acpcPNA) probe (AQ-PNA) and graphene-polyaniline (G-PANI) modified electrode to detect human papillomavirus (HPV). An inkjet printing technique was employed to prepare the paper-based G-PANI-modified working electrode. The AQ-PNA probe baring a negatively charged amino acid at the N-terminus was immobilized onto the electrode surface through electrostatic attraction. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was used to verify the AQ-PNA immobilization...
February 1, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
Ta-I Yang, Su-Hua Chang
Electrospun magnetic iron/polyaniline nanofibers with applicable heating performance in an AC magnetic field were developed. A new and low-cost method was introduced to synthesize metallic iron (Fe(0)) nanoparticles with uniform size distribution. The Fe(0) nanoparticles were synthesized in an aqueous environment at room temperature with the assistance of polyvinylpyrrolidone and sodium citrate to tailor their particle sizes ranging from 10 to 20 nm. The experimental results showed that regulating the free iron ions present in the solution is critical for obtaining Fe(0) nanoparticles with narrow size distribution...
February 3, 2017: Nanotechnology
Wenzheng Lu, Nina Jiang, Jianfang Wang
High-performance electrochemical plasmonic switching is realized on both single-particle and ensemble levels by coating polyaniline on colloidal gold nanocrystals through surfactant-assisted oxidative polymerization. Under small applied potentials, the core@shell nanostructures exhibit reversible plasmon shifts as large as 150 nm, a switching time of less than 10 ms, and a high switching stability.
December 22, 2016: Advanced Materials
ZeHong Xu, XiaoDan Cheng, JianHong Tan, Xianxue Gan
A simple and high sensitive cholesterol amperometric biosensor, which is based on in situ electropolymerization of multi-walled carbon nanotube-polyaniline (MWCNT-PANI) nanocomposite and electrodeposition of platinum nanoparticle (nano-Pt) films onto the glassy carbon electrode surface for cholesterol oxidase immobilization, was constructed in this study. The preparation process of the modified electrode was characterized by cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and chronoamperometry...
November 2016: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Yang Zhang, Munan Qiu, Ying Yu, Bianying Wen, Lele Cheng
A facile route was proposed to synthesize polyaniline (PANI) uniformly deposited on bagasse fiber (BF) via a one-step in situ polymerization of aniline in the dispersed system of BF. Correlations between the structural, electrical, and electromagnetic properties were extensively investigated. Scanning electron microscopy images confirm that the PANI was coated dominantly on the BF surface, indicating that the as-prepared BF/PANI composite adopted the natural and inexpensive BF as its core and the PANI as the shell...
December 23, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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