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Suradip Das, Manav Sharma, Dhiren Saharia, Kushal Sarma, Elizabeth Muir, Utpal Bora
The present study describes the fabrication of polyaniline-silk fibroin nanocomposite based nerve conduits and its subsequent implantation in a rat sciatic nerve injury model for peripheral nerve regeneration. This is the first in vivo study of polyaniline based nerve conduit describing the safety and efficacy of the conduits in treating peripheral nerve injuries. The nanocomposite was synthesised by electrospinning a mixture of silk fibroin protein and polyaniline wherein the silk nanofibers were observed to be uniformly coated with polyaniline nanoparticles...
June 20, 2017: Biomedical Materials
Ana S Sacramento, Felismina T C Moreira, Joana L Guerreiro, Ana P Tavares, M Goreti F Sales
This work describes a novel approach to produce an antibody-like biomimetic material. It includes preparing composite imprinted material never presented before, with highly conductive support nanostructures and assembling a high conductivity polymeric layer at low temperature. Overall, such highly conductive material may enhance the final features of electrically-based devices. Acetylcholine (ACh) was selected as target analyte, a neurotransmitter of importance in Alzheimer's disease. Potentiometric transduction was preferred, allowing quick responses and future adaptation to point-of-care requirements...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Angel T Martínez, Francisco J Ruiz-Dueñas, Susana Camarero, Ana Serrano, Dolores Linde, Henrik Lund, Jesper Vind, Morten Tovborg, Owik M Herold-Majumdar, Martin Hofrichter, Christiane Liers, René Ullrich, Katrin Scheibner, Giovanni Sannia, Alessandra Piscitelli, Cinzia Pezzella, Mehmet E Sener, Sibel Kılıç, Willem J H van Berkel, Victor Guallar, Maria Fátima Lucas, Ralf Zuhse, Roland Ludwig, Frank Hollmann, Elena Fernández-Fueyo, Eric Record, Craig B Faulds, Marta Tortajada, Ib Winckelmann, Jo-Anne Rasmussen, Mirjana Gelo-Pujic, Ana Gutiérrez, José C Del Río, Jorge Rencoret, Miguel Alcalde
Fungi produce heme-containing peroxidases and peroxygenases, flavin-containing oxidases and dehydrogenases, and different copper-containing oxidoreductases involved in the biodegradation of lignin and other recalcitrant compounds. Heme peroxidases comprise the classical ligninolytic peroxidases and the new dye-decolorizing peroxidases, while heme peroxygenases belong to a still largely unexplored superfamily of heme-thiolate proteins. Nevertheless, basidiomycete unspecific peroxygenases have the highest biotechnological interest due to their ability to catalyze a variety of regio- and stereo-selective monooxygenation reactions with H2O2 as the source of oxygen and final electron acceptor...
June 14, 2017: Biotechnology Advances
Remya Komeri, Jayabalan Muthu
The injectable electroconductive hydrogels are desirable for the regenerative therapy of electroresponsive tissues like heart. With the present electroconductive hydrogels, the issues of cytotoxicity, biodegradability, and diffusion of the conductive element and poor water solubility limit their applications. Here, electroconductive injectable single component hydrogels, PANIE-P/PEGDA and PANIS-P/PEGDA, are prepared with fumarate-co-PEG-co-sebacate comacromer conjugated with non-sulfonated/sulfonated polyaniline and PEGDA...
June 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Alireza Ghiasvand, Afagh Nasirian, Samira Koonani, Kolsoum Nouriasl
The surface of a stainless steel fiber was made larger, porous and cohesive by platinizing for tightly attachment of its coating. Then, it was coated by a polyaniline/polypyrrole/graphene oxide (PANI/PP/GO) nanocomposite film using electrochemical polymerization (EP) process. The prepared PANI/PP/GO fiber was used for headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) of linear aliphatic aldehydes in rice samples followed by gas-chromatography flame ionization detector (GC-FID) determination. To achieve the highest extraction efficiency, various experimental parameters including extraction time and temperature, matrix modifier, and desorption condition were studied...
June 15, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
Siming Huang, Jianqiao Xu, Xuan Tao, Xiao Chen, Fang Zhu, Ying Wang, Ruifen Jiang, Gangfeng Ouyang
Polyaniline/silver (PANI/Ag) composites were prepared with a one-step synthesis method, and fabricated into solid-phase microextraction fiber coatings through three different means, i.e. in situ growth, gluing and chemical bonding. This work explored the utility of the as-fabricated PANI/Ag SPME fibers as dual-functional platforms for microextraction and matrix-free laser desorption/ionization (LDI) of the target analyte. The results showed that after incorporating Ag into the PANI polymer, the LDI efficiency was improved by over two times, which was 92...
September 1, 2017: Talanta
Věra Kašpárková, Petr Humpolíček, Zdenka Capáková, Patrycja Bober, Jaroslav Stejskal, Miroslava Trchová, Petra Rejmontová, Ita Junkar, Marián Lehocký, Miran Mozetič
Conducting polyaniline can be prepared and modified using several procedures, all of which can significantly influence its applicability in different fields of biomedicine or biotechnology. The modifications of surface properties are crucial with respect to the possible applications of this polymer in tissue engineering or as biosensors. Innovative technique for preparing polyaniline films via in-situ polymerization in colloidal dispersion mode using four stabilizers (poly-N-vinylpyrrolidone; sodium dodecylsulfate; Tween 20 and Pluronic F108) was developed...
May 31, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Yu Yang, Yunlong Xi, Junzhi Li, Guodong Wei, N I Klyui, Wei Han
Flexible supercapacitors(SCs) made by reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-based aerogel usually suffer from the low energy density, short cycle life and bad flexibility. In this study, a new, synthetic strategy was developed for enhancing the electrochemical performances of rGO aerogel-based supercapacitor via electrodeposition polyaniline arrays on the prepared ultralight rGO aerogel. The novel hybrid composites with coated polyaniline (PANI) arrays growing on the rGO surface can take full advantage of the rich open-pore and excellent conductivity of the crosslinking framework structure of 3D rGO aerogel and high capacitance contribution from the PANI...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Lu Fang, Bo Liang, Guang Yang, Yichuan Hu, Qin Zhu, Xuesong Ye
A minimally invasive glucose biosensor capable of continuous monitoring of subcutaneous glucose has been developed in this study. This sensor was prepared using electropolymerized conductive polymer polyaniline (PANI) nanofibers as an enzyme immobilization material and polyurethane (PU)/epoxy-enhanced polyurethane (E-PU) bilayer coating as a protective membrane. The sensor showed almost the same sensitivity (63nA/mM) and linearity (0-20mM with the correlation coefficient r(2) of 0.9997) in both PBS and bovine serum tests...
April 28, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Lina Zhang, Yanhu Wang, Lei Shen, Jinghua Yu, Shenguang Ge, Mei Yan
In this study, hyperbranched polyethyleneimine-protected silver nanoclusters (hPEI-AgNCs) with excellent electrochemiluminescence (ECL) emission in the presence of coreactant K2S2O8 were prepared by chemical reduction of silver ions (silver nitrate) coordinated with dendrigraft polymer, and successfully used for the construction of an ECL immunosensor. Polyaniline (PANI)/polypyrrole (PPy)-silver (Ag) dendrites with good electrical conductivity and biocompatibility were electropolymerized on the surface of indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode as carriers...
June 7, 2017: Analyst
Jungchul Noh, Seunghee Hong, Chang-Min Yoon, Seungae Lee, Jyongsik Jang
In this communication, an electromagnetorheological fluid containing Fe3O4/SiO2/PANI nanoparticles is reported to demonstrate its controllable rheological properties under electric and magnetic fields. The EMR performance was significantly enhanced under the dual fields in the parallel direction.
June 16, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Tao Zou, Chang Wang, Ruiqin Tan, Weijie Song, Yang Cheng
Until now, the treatment of multiple water pollutants by using one simple material has still been a challenge. Pompon-like ZnO-Polyaniline heterostructures with different content of Polyaniline as out-layer were synthesized by hydrothermal method and hybridization. Their several applications were subsequently investigated for water pollutants treatment including photo-degradation of organic pollutants, photo-induced adsorption of heavy metal ions (Hg(II), Cr(VI)) and inactivation of Pathogenic bacteria (E. coli bacteria and staphylococcus aureus) under visible light...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Wanwan Li, Han Lu, Ning Zhang, Mingming Ma
We report that a postsynthesis physical process (freeze-thaw cycles) can reform the microstructure of conductive polymer hydrogels from clustered nanoparticles to interconnected nanosheets, leading to enhanced mechanical and electrochemical properties. The polyaniline-poly(vinyl alcohol) hydrogel after five freeze-thaw cycles (PPH-5) showed remarkable tensile strength (16.3 MPa), large elongation at break (407%), and high electrochemical capacitance (1053 F·g(-1)). The flexible supercapacitor based on PPH-5 provided a large capacitance (420 mF·cm(-2) and 210 F·g(-1)) and high energy density (18...
June 5, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sajid Ali Ansari, H Fouad, S G Ansari, Md Palashuddin Sk, Moo Hwan Cho
The development of electrically conductive metal sulfide-based polymer nanocomposites for energy storage materials has been a major focus by researchers to solve the energy crisis. In this study, a simple and facile method was used to construct a nanocomposite by combining a mechanically exfoliated MoS2 (M-MoS2) sheet with polyaniline (Pani) using a simple and scalable in-situ chemical oxidative polymerization method. The as-prepared nanocomposite (M-MoS2-Pani nanocomposite) was characterized further by usual basic spectroscopic techniques, such as X-ray powder diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area analysis...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Heun Park, Dong Sik Kim, Soo Yeong Hong, Chulmin Kim, Jun Yeong Yun, Seung Yun Oh, Sang Woo Jin, Yu Ra Jeong, Gyu Tae Kim, Jeong Sook Ha
In this study, we report on the development of a stretchable, transparent, and skin-attachable strain sensor integrated with a flexible electrochromic device as a human skin-inspired interactive color-changing system. The strain sensor consists of a spin-coated conductive nanocomposite film of poly(vinyl alcohol)/multi-walled carbon nanotube/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) on a polydimethylsiloxane substrate. The sensor exhibits excellent performance of high sensitivity, high durability, fast response, and high transparency...
June 8, 2017: Nanoscale
A Robert Hillman, Karl S Ryder, Hani K Ismail, Asuman Unal, Annelies Voorhaar
Electroactive films based on conducting polymers have numerous potential applications, but practical devices frequently require a combination of properties not met by a single component. This has prompted an extension to composite materials, notably those in which particulates are immobilised within a polymer film. Irrespective of the polymer and the intended application, film wetting is important: by various means, it facilitates transport processes - of electronic charge, charge-balancing counter ions ("dopant") and analyte/reactant molecules - and motion of polymer segments...
May 25, 2017: Faraday Discussions
Zepeng Kang, Kailong Jiao, Xinping Xu, Ruiyun Peng, Shuqiang Jiao, Zongqian Hu
A three-dimensional architecture of PANI@GO hybrid was synthesized via in-situ polymerization of aniline monomers on the surface of graphene oxide (GO) and carbonized at 1600°C. The SEM images showed that surfaces of planar GO were covered by a compact nanofiber-like polyaniline (PANI) layer which presented an interconnected network. Nanofiber-like PANI on the GO surface was mostly preserved and became the carbon nanofibers (CNFs) after carbonization. The TEM images showed that the carbonized PANI grew seamlessly on the GO surface and served as conductive "network" between interlayers of GO...
May 12, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Paola Fanzio, Chi-Tung Chang, Maciej Skolimowski, Simone Tanzi, Luigi Sasso
We present here an electrochemical sensor microsystem for the monitoring of pH. The all-polymeric device is comprised of a cyclic olefin copolymer substrate, a 200 nm-thin patterned layer of conductive polymer (PEDOT), and a 70 nm electropolymerized layer of a pH sensitive conductive polymer (polyaniline). The patterning of the fluidic (microfluidic channels) and conductive (wiring and electrodes) functional elements was achieved with a single soft PDMS mold via a single embossing step process. A post-processing treatment with ethylene glycol assured the functional enhancement of the electrodes, as demonstrated via an electrical and electrochemical characterization...
May 20, 2017: Sensors
Yihan Wang, Jie Yang, Lingyu Wang, Kai Du, Qiang Yin, Qinjian Yin
Polypyrrole/Graphene/Polyaniline (PPy/GNs/PANi) ternary nanocomposite with high thermoelectric power factor has been successfully prepared through the combination of in situ polymerization and solution process. FTIR, Raman spectra, XRD, and SEM analyses show the strong π-π interactions existed among PPy, GNs, and PANi, leading to the formation of more ordered regions in the composite. Both the in situ polymerization and solution process can enhance the dispersion homogeneity of graphene in the polymer matrix, bringing about increased nanointerfaces in the PPy/GNs/PANi composite...
May 31, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Nazia H Kera, Madhumita Bhaumik, Kriveshini Pillay, Suprakas Sinha Ray, Arjun Maity
The adsorption of toxic hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) and its reduction to trivalent chromium (Cr(III)) are important processes for the treatment of industrial wastewater. Conducting polymers can adsorb and reduce Cr(VI) to less toxic Cr(III) but have low adsorption capacities due to agglomeration of particles and are difficult to separate from treated water. In this study, magnetic polypyrrole (PPy)-polyaniline (PANI)/iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanocomposite was synthesized for the selective removal of Cr(VI) in aqueous solution...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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