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Faeze Pournaqi, Armaghan Ghiaee, Saeid Vakilian, Abdolreza Ardeshirylajimi
Tissue engineering is a promising emerged method trying to reconstruct lost tissues that using synthetic and biomaterials and their combination with cells. The purpose of this study is increase osteoinductivity of polyethersulfone (PES) by using polyaniline (PANi). In this study, after fabrication of PES and composited PES-PANi scaffolds by electrospinning, scaffolds were characterized morphologically and mechanically. Then osteoinductivity of scaffolds was investigated by osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) cultured on the PES and PES-PANI in comparison to the tissue culture polystyrene as a control...
October 14, 2016: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
Tuo Ji, Long Chen, Liwen Mu, Jiahua Zhu
Converting nitrobenzene to freestanding polyaniline tube arrays has been successfully carried out in a "Water-oil-water" triphasic reaction system, where catalytic reduction of nitrobenzene to aniline and aniline polymerization reactions were synergistically integrated. With optimized control over molecular diffusion and reaction at separate solid/liquid and liquid/liquid interfaces, polyaniline nanostructures could be synthesized with different morphologies. Paired molecular diffusion and reaction rate is revealed as the dominating factor that determines the feasibility of reaction system to produce patterned array structure...
October 17, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Felipe de Salas, Isabel Pardo, Horacio J Salavagione, Pablo Aza, Eleni Amougi, Jesper Vind, Angel T Martínez, Susana Camarero
Polyaniline is a conductive polymer with distinctive optical and electrical properties. Its enzymatic synthesis is an environmentally friendly alternative to the use of harsh oxidants and extremely acidic conditions. 7D5L, a high-redox potential laccase developed in our lab, is the biocatalyst of choice for the synthesis of green polyaniline (emeraldine salt) due to its superior ability to oxidize aniline and kinetic stability at the required polymerization conditions (pH 3 and presence of anionic surfactants) as compared with other fungal laccases...
2016: PloS One
Ali Aldalbahi, Peter Feng, Norah Alhokbany, Eida Al-Farraj, Saad M Alshehri, Tansir Ahamad
Functionalized (MWCNTs-COOH), non-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and polyaniline (PANI) based conducting nanocomposites (PANI/polymer/MWCNTs and PANI/polymer/MWCNTs-COOH) have been prepared in polymer matrix. The prepared nanocomposites were characterized via FTIR, TGA, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). It was observed that the prepared conducting nanocomposites show excellent sensing performances toward CH4 at room temperature and both the response and recovery time were recorded at around 5s, respectively, at the room...
September 12, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Habib Bagheri, Misagh Allahdadlalouni, Cyrus Zamani
An inexpensive silicon rubber-based chip was constructed by fabricating a triangle-shaped microcanal with a 135 μm width and 234 μm depth by laser ablation technique. The fabricated groove was sealed by a thin glass cover while two pieces of stainless-steel tubing were connected to each side of the canal. Then, a thin polyaniline film was synthesized on the walls of the canal by chemical oxidation using a syringe pump to deliver the relevant reagents. The microfluidic system was eventually connected to a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Jifeng Wu, Qin'e Zhang, An'an Zhou, Zhifeng Huang, Hua Bai, Lei Li
Polyaniline/graphene hydrogel composites with a macroscopically phase-separated structure are prepared. The composites show high specific capacitance and excellent rate performance. Further investigation demonstrates that polyaniline inside the graphene hydrogel has low rate performance, thus a phase-separated structure, in which polyaniline is mainly outside the graphene hydrogel matrix, can enhance the rate performance of the composites.
October 10, 2016: Advanced Materials
Noor Tahir, Haq Nawaz Bhatti, Munawar Iqbal, Saima Noreen
Composites of polyaniline, starch, polypyrrole, chitosan aniline and chitosan pyrrole using peanut waste were prepared and employed for the adsorption of Crystal Violet (CV) dye from aqueous media. The process variables i.e., composite doses, pH, contact time, CV initial concentration and temperature were optimized. Thermodynamic, equilibrium modelling and kinetics models were fitted to the CV adsorption data in order to understand the mechanism and nature of CV adsorption onto native and composite adsorbents...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Hirak K Patra, Yashpal Sharma, Mohammad Mirazul Islam, Mohammad Javad Jafari, N Arul Murugan, Hisatoshi Kobayashi, Anthony P F Turner, Ashutosh Tiwari
To cope with the rapid evolution of the tissue engineering field, it is now essential to incorporate the use of on-site responsive scaffolds. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to find new 'Intelligent' biomaterials that can respond to the physicochemical changes in the microenvironment. In this present report, we have developed biocompatible stimuli responsive polyaniline-multiwalled carbon nanotube/poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), (PANI-MWCNT/PNIPAm) composite nanofiber networks and demonstrated the physiological temperature coordinated cell grafting phenomenon on its surface...
October 6, 2016: Nanoscale
Hanbing Rao, Min Chen, Hongwei Ge, Zhiwei Lu, Xin Liu, Ping Zou, Xianxiang Wang, Hua He, Xianyin Zeng, Yanying Wang
A novel molecularly imprinted electrochemical sensor for the rapid detection of melamine was reported in this paper. Glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified by Au and polyaniline composites (Au@PANI) deposited on the surface of GCE and were used to increase the electrode sensitivity and to amplify the sensor signal. Melamine template molecule was further assembled onto Au@PANI by the formation of hydrogen bonds, can implement the selective detection of melamine. This simple but efficient electrochemistry analysis platform presents a low detection limit of 1...
September 22, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Aleix Benito, Aida Penadés, Josep Lluis Lliberia, Rafael Gonzalez-Olmos
In this work, it has been studied the mineralization of aniline, a toxic substance of low biodegradability typically found in many industrial wastewaters, through electro-oxidation using boron doped diamond (BDD) electrodes and photo-oxidation (UV photolysis and UV/H2O2 treatments). It was observed that in electro-oxidation and UV/H2O2, it was feasible to reach aniline mineralizations higher than 85%. Two different degradation routes have been observed during the aniline oxidation in these two treatments. The first route was the mineralization pathway, in which aniline was oxidized to CO2, water and nitrate...
January 2017: Chemosphere
Karen Y P S Avelino, Isaac A M Frias, Norma Lucena-Silva, Renan G Gomes, Celso P de Melo, Maria D L Oliveira, César A S Andrade
In the last ten years, conjugated polymers started to be used in the immobilization of nucleic acids via non-covalent interactions. In the present study, we describe the construction and use of an electrochemical DNA biosensor based on a nanostructured polyaniline-gold composite, specifically developed for the detection of the BCR/ABL chimeric oncogene. This chromosome translocation is used as a biomarker to confirm the clinical diagnosis of both chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)...
September 22, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Sujoy Das, Priyadarshi Chakraborty, Sanjoy Mondal, Arnab Shit, Arun K Nandi
Electrically conductive hydrogels are a fascinating class of materials that exhibit multifarious applications such as photoresponse, energy storage, etc., and the three-dimensional micro- and nanofibrillar structures of the gels are the key to those applications. Herein, we have synthesized a hybrid hydrogel based on folic acid (F) and polyaniline (PANI) in which F acts as a supramolecular cross-linker of PANI chains. The gels are mechanically robust and are characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and spectroscopic, rheological, and universal testing measurements...
October 6, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mahmoud Moussa, Maher F El-Kady, Zhiheng Zhao, Peter Majewski, Jun Ma
Polyaniline (PANi)/graphene nanocomposites have attracted tremendous interest because of their great potential in electrochemical energy storage applications, especially supercapacitors. We herein focus on the composite synthesis, device fabrication and particularly various techniques for the improvement of electrochemical performance. It is imperative to take close control of the interface in these nanostructured composites, which thus would lead to the desired synergistic effects and cyclic stability with the efficient diffusion of electrolyte ions and electrons...
September 30, 2016: Nanotechnology
Jintao Zhang, Liming Dai
Electrocatalysts are required for clean energy technologies (for example, water-splitting and metal-air batteries). The development of a multifunctional electrocatalyst composed of nitrogen, phosphorus, and fluorine tri-doped graphene is reported, which was obtained by thermal activation of a mixture of polyaniline-coated graphene oxide and ammonium hexafluorophosphate (AHF). It was found that thermal decomposition of AHF provides nitrogen, phosphorus, and fluorine sources for tri-doping with N, P, and F, and simultaneously facilitates template-free formation of porous structures as a result of thermal gas evolution...
October 10, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Petra Rejmontová, Zdenka Capáková, Nikola Mikušová, Nela Maráková, Věra Kašpárková, Marián Lehocký, Petr Humpolíček
Polyaniline shows great potential and promises wide application in the biomedical field thanks to its intrinsic conductivity and material properties, which closely resemble natural tissues. Surface properties are crucial, as these predetermine any interaction with biological fluids, proteins and cells. An advantage of polyaniline is the simple modification of its surface, e.g., by using various dopant acids. An investigation was made into the adhesion, proliferation and migration of mouse embryonic fibroblasts on pristine polyaniline films and films doped with sulfamic and phosphotungstic acids...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Md Mamun Or Rashida, Md Shafiul Islam, Md Azizul Haque, Md Arifur Rahman, Md Tanvir Hossain, Md Abdul Hamid
Plants or natural resources have been found to be a good alternative method for nanoparticles synthesis. In this study, polyaniline coated silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized from Piper betle leaves extract were investigated for their antibacterial activity. Silver nanoparticles were prepared from the reduction of silver nitrate and NaBH4 was used as reducing agent. Silver nanoparticles and extracts were mixed thoroughly and then coated by polyaniline. Prepared nanoparticles were characterized by Visual inspection, Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV), Fourier transform infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) techniques...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Yong Ma, Yanhui Chen, Chunping Hou, Hao Zhang, Mingtao Qiao, Hepeng Zhang, Qiuyu Zhang
We demonstrated polyaniline (PANI) dimensional transformation by adding trace amino-Fe3O4 microspheres to aniline polymerization. Different PANI nanostructures (i.e., flowers, tentacles, and nanofibers) could be produced by controlling the nucleation position and number on the surface of Fe3O4 microspheres, where hydrogen bonding were spontaneously formed between amino groups of Fe3O4 microspheres and aniline molecules. By additionally introducing an external magnetic field, PANI towers were obtained. These PANI nanostructures displayed distinctly different surface wettability in the range from hydrophobicity to hydrophilicity, which was ascribed to the synergistic effect of their dimension, hierarchy, and size...
2016: Scientific Reports
Wenwen Liu, Jingde Li, Kun Feng, Abel Sy, Yangshuai Liu, Lucas Lim, Gregory Lui, Ricky Tjandra, Lathankan Rasenthiram, Gordon Chiu, Aiping Yu
Li-ion hybrid supercapacitors (LIHSs) have recently attracted increasing attention as a new and promising energy storage device. However, it is still a great challenge to construct novel LIHSs with high-performance due to the majority of battery-type anodes retaining the sluggish kinetics of Li-ion storage and most capacitor-type cathodes with low specific capacitance. To solve this problem, 3D graphene-wrapped MoO3 nanobelt foam with the unique porous network structure has been designed and prepared as anode material, which delivers high capacity, improved rate performance, and enhanced cycle stability...
October 5, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yadong Xing, Luoyuan Li, Xicheng Ai, Limin Fu
In this study, we developed a nanosystem based on upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) coated with a layer of polyaniline nanoparticles (PANPs). The UCNP induces upconversion luminescence for imaging and photothermal conversion properties are due to PANPs. In vitro experiments showed that the UCNPs-PANPs were nontoxic to cells even at a high concentration (800 µg mL(-1)). Blood analysis and histological experiments demonstrated that the UCNPs-PANPs exhibited no apparent toxicity in mice in vivo. Besides their efficacy in photothermal cancer cell ablation, the UCNP-PANP nanosystem was found to achieve an effective in vivo tumor ablation effect after irradiation using an 808 nm laser...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Zijiao Wang, Qianli Ma, Xiangting Dong, Dan Li, Xue Xi, Wensheng Yu, Jinxian Wang, Guixia Liu
Dual-layered composite nanofibrous membrane equipped with electrical conduction, magnetism and photoluminescence trifunctionality is constructed via electrospinning. The composite membrane consists of a polyaniline (PANI)/Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs)/polyacrylonitrile (PAN) tuned electrical-magnetic bifunctional nanofibrous layer at one side and a Eu(TTA)3(TPPO)2/polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) photoluminescent nanofibrous layer at the other side, and the two layers are tightly combined face-to-face together into the novel dual-layered composite membrane with trifunctionality...
October 5, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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