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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316327/obstructive-primary-cardiac-t-cell-lymphoma-a-case-report-from-senegal
#1
Simon Antoine Sarr, Abdou Majib Gaye, Fatou Aw, Jean de Dieu Nzambaza, Malick Bodian, Kana Babaka, Mouhamadou Bamba Ndiaye, Adama Kane, Maboury Diao, Serigne Abdou Ba
BACKGROUND Cardiac lymphoma is a rare entity, defined by the non-extra cardiac location at diagnosis. CASE REPORT Our patient was a 32-year-old female with no particular medical history, who presented with right heart failure with recurrent ascites and pleural effusion. There was a progressive worsening exertional dyspnea. On admission, examination revealed an irregular tachycardia at 170 beats per minute (bpm) and congestive heart failure. The electrocardiogram scored full tachyarrhythmia by atrial fibrillation with an average ventricular rate of 179 cycles per minute...
March 20, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314653/assessment-of-risk-factors-for-candidemia-in-non-neutropenic-patients-hospitalized-in-internal-medicine-wards-a-multicenter-study
#2
M Falcone, G Tiseo, C Tascini, A Russo, E Sozio, G Raponi, C Rosin, P Pignatelli, P Carfagna, A Farcomeni, R Luzzati, F Violi, F Menichetti, M Venditti
BACKGROUND: An increasing prevalence of candidemia has been reported in Internal Medicine wards (IMWs). The aim of our study was to identify risk factors for candidemia among non-neutropenic patients hospitalized in IMWs. METHODS: A multicenter case-control study was performed in three hospitals in Italy. Patients developing candidemia (cases) were compared to patients without candidemia (controls) matched by age, time of admission and duration of hospitalization...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260599/peritonsillar-abscess-clinical-aspects-of-microbiology-risk-factors-and-the-association-with-parapharyngeal-abscess
#3
REVIEW
Tejs Ehlers Klug
PTA is a collection of pus located between the tonsillar capsule and the pharyngeal constrictor muscle. It is considered a complication of acute tonsillitis and is the most prevalent deep neck infection (approximately 2000 cases annually in Denmark) and cause of acute admission to Danish ENT departments. Teenagers and young adults are most commonly affected and males may predominate over females. However, no studies of age- and gender-stratified incidence rates have previously been published. Furthermore, smoking may be associated with increased risk of peritonsillar abscess (PTA) development, although the magnitude of the association has not been estimated...
March 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257412/clinical-effect-and-prognosis-of-off-pump-minimally-invasive-direct-coronary-artery-bypass
#4
Ming Yang, Lian-Bo Xiao, Zhi-Sheng Gao, Ji-Wu Zhou
BACKGROUND Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a common procedure to circumvent the obstruction of coronary arteries when stents are unsuitable. CABG is a very traumatic surgery that requires redirecting blood flow to an external pump. Thus, this procedure has many risks during and after surgery, and minimizing these risks would greatly benefit the patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS We selected 126 patients with coronary artery syndrome and who were unsuitable for stent percutaneous coronary intervention...
March 3, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254686/impact-of-inadequate-initial-antimicrobial-therapy-on-mortality-in-patients-with-bacteraemic-cholangitis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Yasuaki Tagashira, Naoya Sakamoto, Toshiaki Isogai, Mayu Hikone, Atsushi Kosaka, Ran Chino, Masanori Higuchi, Yuki Uehara, Hitoshi Honda
OBJECTIVES: Acute cholangitis is a common cause of bacteraemia resulting in severe sepsis or septic shock. The impact of the appropriate initial antimicrobial therapy on short-term mortality in bacteraemic cholangitis has not been well investigated. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with bacteraemic cholangitis at two large tertiary care centres in Tokyo, Japan between 2009 and 2015. We determined the factors associated with 30-day all-cause mortality from the date of drawing the first positive blood culture, using a multivariate logistic regression analysis...
February 27, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241985/cardiogenic-shock-caused-by-a-left-midventricular-obstruction-during-refeeding-in-a-patient-with-anorexia-nervosa
#6
Yoko Sakamoto, Hidetaka Kioka, Ryota Hashimoto, Saori Takeda, Kota Momose, Tomohito Ohtani, Osamu Yamaguchi, Masafumi Wasa, Satoshi Nakatani, Yasushi Sakata
OBJECTIVE: Refeeding syndrome occurs when reinstating nutrition to severely malnourished patients. It can sometimes be fatal, particularly as a result of cardiac involvement such as congestive heart failure and arrhythmias. The aim of this study was to report a case of cardiogenic shock that occurred during refeeding in a patient with anorexia nervosa (AN). The cardiogenic shock was due to a previously unrecognized mechanism, namely a transient left midventricular obstruction that completely disappeared after treatment...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224729/management-of-hypoxaemic-respiratory-failure-in-a-respiratory-high-dependency-unit
#7
Craig Hukins, Mimi Wong, Michelle Murphy, John Upham
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on outcomes of hypoxaemic respiratory failure (HRF), especially in non-ICU settings. AIM: To assess outcomes in HRF (without multi-system disease and not requiring early intubation) directly admitted to a Respiratory High Dependency Unit (R-HDU). METHODS: Retrospective, cohort study of HRF compared to Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure (HCRF) in a R-HDU (2007-2011). Patient characteristics (age, gender, pre-morbid status, diagnoses) and outcomes (non-invasive ventilation (NIV) use, survival, ICU admission) were assessed...
February 22, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208488/analysis-of-flame-acceleration-in-open-or-vented-obstructed-pipes
#8
Vitaly Bychkov, Jad Sadek, V'yacheslav Akkerman
While flame propagation through obstacles is often associated with turbulence and/or shocks, Bychkov et al. [V. Bychkov et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 164501 (2008)10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.164501] have revealed a shockless, conceptually laminar mechanism of extremely fast flame acceleration in semiopen obstructed pipes (one end of a pipe is closed; a flame is ignited at the closed end and propagates towards the open one). The acceleration is devoted to a powerful jet flow produced by delayed combustion in the spaces between the obstacles, with turbulence playing only a supplementary role in this process...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196019/pancreatoscopy-directed-electrohydraulic-lithotripsy-for-pancreatic-ductal-stones-in-painful-chronic-pancreatitis-using-spyglass
#9
Noor L H Bekkali, Sam Murray, Gavin J Johnson, Steven Bandula, Zahir Amin, Michael H Chapman, Stephen P Pereira, George J M Webster
OBJECTIVE: Painful chronic pancreatitis is often associated with main duct obstruction due to stones. Approaches to management are challenging, including surgery, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, or endoscopic approaches. Here, we report our experience of pancreatoscopy + electrohydraulic lithotripsy (EHL) for pancreatic duct (PD) stones using SpyGlass. METHODS: We retrospectively audited the use of SpyGlass (Legacy and DS) + EHL. Indication, procedural details, and clinical outcomes were assessed...
April 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168570/early-enteral-nutrition-in-critically-ill-patients-esicm-clinical-practice-guidelines
#10
REVIEW
Annika Reintam Blaser, Joel Starkopf, Waleed Alhazzani, Mette M Berger, Michael P Casaer, Adam M Deane, Sonja Fruhwald, Michael Hiesmayr, Carole Ichai, Stephan M Jakob, Cecilia I Loudet, Manu L N G Malbrain, Juan C Montejo González, Catherine Paugam-Burtz, Martijn Poeze, Jean-Charles Preiser, Pierre Singer, Arthur R H van Zanten, Jan De Waele, Julia Wendon, Jan Wernerman, Tony Whitehouse, Alexander Wilmer, Heleen M Oudemans-van Straaten
PURPOSE: To provide evidence-based guidelines for early enteral nutrition (EEN) during critical illness. METHODS: We aimed to compare EEN vs. early parenteral nutrition (PN) and vs. delayed EN. We defined "early" EN as EN started within 48 h independent of type or amount. We listed, a priori, conditions in which EN is often delayed, and performed systematic reviews in 24 such subtopics. If sufficient evidence was available, we performed meta-analyses; if not, we qualitatively summarized the evidence and based our recommendations on expert opinion...
March 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148323/primary-care-management-of-patients-with-coarctation-of-the-aorta
#11
REVIEW
Jeffrey R Boris
Coarctation of the aorta is a congenital cardiac defect that results in a variable degree of obstruction to the left side of the heart. It can present with either acute shock in the neonatal period as a critical lesion or it can appear more insidiously with hypertension or other findings later in life. This article summarises aspects of outpatient care of patients with this lesion, including clinical history and physical examination, ancillary testing, and issues associated with long-term follow-up and management...
December 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135411/use-of-cryopoor-plasma-for-albumin-replacement-and-continuous-antimicrobial-infusion-for-treatment-of-septic-peritonitis-in-a-dog
#12
Meaghan K Ropski, Julien Guillaumin, Andrea A Monnig, Katy Townsend, Mary A McLoughlin
OBJECTIVE: To report the successful management of a dog with septic peritonitis and septic shock secondary to enterectomy dehiscence using novel techniques for identification of intestinal dehiscence and for septic shock treatment. CASE SUMMARY: A 5-year-old castrated male Bernese Mountain Dog presented for lethargy 6 days following enterotomy for foreign body obstruction. Septic peritonitis was identified due to dehiscence of the enterotomy site, and resection and anastomosis were performed using a gastrointestinal anastomosis and thoracoabdominal stapling device...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127711/how-to-manage-tension-gastrothorax-a-case-report-of-tension-gastrothorax-with-multiple-trauma-due-to-traumatic-diaphragmatic-rupture
#13
Naofumi Bunya, Keigo Sawamoto, Shuji Uemura, Takashi Toyohara, Yukino Mori, Ryoko Kyan, Kei Miyata, Hideto Irifune, Keisuke Harada, Eichi Narimatsu
BACKGROUND: Tension gastrothorax is a kind of obstructive shock with prolapse and distention of the stomach into the thoracic cavity. Progressive gastric distension leads to mediastinal shift, reduced venous return, decreased cardiac output, and ultimately cardiac arrest. Therefore, it is crucial to decompress the stomach distension for the initial resuscitation of tension gastrothorax. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old female was transported to our resuscitation bay due to motor vehicle crash...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120291/role-of-shsps-in-organizing-cytosolic-protein-aggregation-and-disaggregation
#14
REVIEW
Axel Mogk, Bernd Bukau
Small heat shock proteins (sHsps) exhibit an ATP-independent chaperone activity to prevent the aggregation of misfolded proteins in vitro. The seemingly conflicting presence of sHsps in insoluble protein aggregates in cells obstructs a precise definition of sHsp function in proteostasis networks. Recent findings specify sHsp activities in protein quality control systems. The sHsps of yeast, Hsp42 and Hsp26, interact with early unfolding intermediates of substrates, keeping them in a ready-to-refold conformation close to the native state...
January 24, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115289/profibrotic-ihg-1-complexes-with-renal-disease-associated-hspa5-and-trap1-in-mitochondria
#15
Una Bhreathnach, Brenda Griffin, Eoin Brennan, Leah Ewart, Debra Higgins, Madeline Murphy
The highly conserved mitochondrial protein induced in high glucose-1 (IHG-1) functions to maintain mitochondrial quality and is associated with the development of fibrosis in diabetic nephropathy. Towards identifying novel approaches to treating diabetic kidney disease, IHG-1-protein-protein interactions were investigated using epitope-tagged immunoprecipitation analyses followed by mass spectrometry. Here we show that IHG-1 is solely expressed in mitochondria and localised to the inner mitochondrial membrane, the region where mitochondrial reactive oxygen species are generated...
April 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112690/assessment-of-oxidative-stress-markers-and-hearing-thresholds-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnoea-treated-with-cysteine-and-superoxide-dismutase-therapy
#16
Agostino Serra, Luigi Maiolino, Salvatore Cocuzza, Milena Di Luca, Gianluca Campione, Luisa Licciardello, Paola Di Mauro
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: In OSAHS, the hypoxia and reoxygenation cicles, maintain a state of oxidative stress, which seems to cause a change in the oxidative balance. Our aim is to compare the markers of oxidative stress with audiological findings and OSAHS severity, in OSAHS patients untreated and also treated ones, with cysteine and superoxide dismutase. METHODS: 65 patients (42 Men, 23 Women) with 30-65 years age range have been enrolled, with a mean age of 52...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072930/left-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-be-prepared
#17
J S Evans, S J Huang, A S McLean, M Nalos
The current trend to treat hypotension in critically ill patients is to place a greater emphasis on inotropic support and less on fluid resuscitation in order to limit the potential harm from fluid overload. This combination may trigger left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) in susceptible patients. Although LVOTO is classically described in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy it has been reported in other conditions including septic shock, apical ballooning syndrome, myocardial infarction, respiratory failure, and post valvular surgery...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054280/successful-bypass-operation-for-esophageal-obstruction-after-acute-esophageal-necrosis-a-case-report
#18
Yayoi Sakatoku, Masahide Fukaya, Kazushi Miyata, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: Acute esophageal necrosis (AEN) is a rare clinical disorder. Esophageal stenosis or obstruction is one of severe complications, but there are a few reports about surgical treatments. In such a situation, it still remains controversial which to choose, esophagectomy or bypass operation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old woman was admitted to the local hospital for septic shock with diabetic ketoacidosis due to necrotizing fasciitis of the right thigh. Three days later, she had hematemesis, and gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed black mucosal coloration throughout the entire esophagus...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034568/efficacy-and-safety-of-balloon-pulmonary-angioplasty-for-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-guided-by-cone-beam-computed-tomography-and-electrocardiogram-gated-area-detector-computed-tomography
#19
Takeshi Ogo, Tetsuya Fukuda, Akihiro Tsuji, Shigefumi Fukui, Jin Ueda, Yoshihiro Sanda, Yoshiaki Morita, Ryotaro Asano, Nao Konagai, Satoshi Yasuda
BACKGROUND: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a disease characterized by chronic obstructive thrombus and pulmonary hypertension. Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA), an emerging alternative catheter-based treatment for inoperable patients with CTEPH, has not yet been standardised, especially for lesion assessment in distal pulmonary arteries. Recent advancement in computed tomography enables distal CTEPH lesions to be visualized. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 80 consecutive patients with inoperable CTEPH who received BPA guided by cone-beam computed tomography (CT) (CBCT) or electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated area detector CT (ADCT) for target lesion assessment...
April 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011405/platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-novel-marker-of-in-hospital-and-long-term-adverse-outcomes-among-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-a-single-center-large-scale-study
#20
Elif Hande Ozcan Cetin, Mehmet Serkan Cetin, Ugur Canpolat, Ahmet Akdi, Dursun Aras, Ahmet Temizhan, Sinan Aydogdu
BACKGROUND: The interaction of platelets with leukocytes is a well-known process both in progression and prognosis of acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Recently, platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is emerged as an indirect inflammatory indicator which was shown to be associated with adverse cardiovascular events in various clinical conditions, including acute PE. However, the long-term prognostic value of PLR in acute PE has not been investigated thoroughly. Therefore, we aimed to assess the impact of PLR on both in-hospital and long-term adverse outcomes in acute PE...
February 2017: Thrombosis Research
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