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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632106/speed-interactive-treadmill-training-using-smartphone-based-motion-tracking-technology-improves-gait-in-stroke-patients
#1
Junyoung Lee, Kyeongjin Lee, Changho Song
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of speed-interactive treadmill training (SITT) using smartphone-based motion tracking technology on gait in stroke patients. Thirty-four chronic stroke patients were randomly divided into a SITT group (n = 18) and a standard treadmill training (control) group (n = 16). The SITT group underwent smartphone-based SSIT while the control group underwent standard treadmill training. Both groups performed the training for 35 min per session, 3 times per week, for 6 weeks...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628523/effectiveness-of-surgery-for-adults-with-hallux-valgus-deformity-a-systematic-review
#2
Jitka Klugarova, Victoria Hood, Fiona Bath-Hextall, Miloslav Klugar, Jana Mareckova, Zuzana Kelnarova
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus (HV) is a common foot deformity. In severe stages of this condition, surgery is often necessary. Currently, there is no systematic review comparing the effectiveness of surgery over conservative treatment. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to establish the effectiveness of surgery compared to conservatory management for adults with HV. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: The current review included adults (18 years or over) with HV deformity, excluding adults with neurological problems causing foot deformities, for example, cerebral palsy, neuropathy, stroke and multiple sclerosis...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626335/2-dimensional-analysis-of-low-limb-taping-methods-on-ambulation-for-stroke-patients
#3
Jung-Ho Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of treatment on the type of taping applied before proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation treatment. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted on thirty patients diagnosed with stroke. The study subjects were divided into three groups: experimental group 1, experimental group 2, and control group 3. Experimental group 1 applied Kinesio taping to the lower limb before applying proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique. Experimental group 2 applied McConnell taping to the lower limb before applying proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique and control group applied only proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619985/long-term-improvements-after-multimodal-rehabilitation-in-late-phase-after-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Lina Bunketorp-Käll, Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson, Hans Samuelsson, Tulen Pekny, Karin Blomvé, Marcela Pekna, Milos Pekny, Christian Blomstrand, Michael Nilsson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Treatments that improve function in late phase after stroke are urgently needed. We assessed whether multimodal interventions based on rhythm-and-music therapy or horse-riding therapy could lead to increased perceived recovery and functional improvement in a mixed population of individuals in late phase after stroke. METHODS: Participants were assigned to rhythm-and-music therapy, horse-riding therapy, or control using concealed randomization, stratified with respect to sex and stroke laterality...
June 15, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603363/intra-rater-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-portable-gait-rhythmogram-in-post-stroke-patients
#5
Ryuji Miyata, Shuji Matsumoto, Seiji Miura, Kentaro Kawamura, Tomohiro Uema, Kodai Miyara, Ayana Niibo, Tadashi Ogura, Megumi Shimodozono
[Purpose] Gait analysis, such as portable gait rhythmogram (PGR) provides objective information that helps in the quantitative evaluation of human locomotion. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of PGR in post-stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Two raters (A and B) examined 44 post-stroke patients. To assess intra-rater reliability, rater A tested subjects on three separate occasions (Days 1, 2, and 3). To assess inter-rater reliability, raters A and B independently tested participants on the same occasion (Day 3)...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602121/frailty-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-older-persons-the-age-gene-environment-susceptibility-reykjavik-study
#6
Nicola Veronese, Kristin Sigeirsdottir, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Elisa Marques, Didier Chalhoub, Caroline Phillips, Lenore Launer, Stefania Maggi, Vilmundur Gudnason, Tamara B Harris
Frailty is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but the studies available have not considered the presence of sub-clinical atherosclerotic disease as potential confounders. We investigated the association between frailty and the onset of CVD independently of sub-clinical atherosclerotic disease. For this reason, a sample of 3818 older participants participating in the Age, Gene/Environment SusceptibilityReykjavik Study (AGESReykjavik) without CVD at baseline was followed for a median of 8...
June 10, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582260/a-personalized-self-management-rehabilitation-system-for-stroke-survivors-a-quantitative-gait-analysis-using-a-smart-insole
#7
Richard John Davies, Jack Parker, Paul McCullagh, Huiru Zheng, Chris Nugent, Norman David Black, Susan Mawson
BACKGROUND: In the United Kingdom, stroke is the single largest cause of adult disability and results in a cost to the economy of £8.9 billion per annum. Service needs are currently not being met; therefore, initiatives that focus on patient-centered care that promote long-term self-management for chronic conditions should be at the forefront of service redesign. The use of innovative technologies and the ability to apply these effectively to promote behavior change are paramount in meeting the current challenges...
November 8, 2016: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578679/effectiveness-of-additional-trunk-exercises-on-gait-performance-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Tamaya Van Criekinge, Wim Saeys, Ann Hallemans, Luc Vereeck, Willem De Hertogh, Patricia Van de Walle, Nathalie Vaes, Christophe Lafosse, Steven Truijen
BACKGROUND: Evidence is lacking concerning the effect of additional trunk rehabilitation on gait performance. Investigating gait performance by both clinical and biomechanical outcome measures might lead to new scientific insights into the importance of the trunk during gait rehabilitation in people suffering from stroke. This protocol was written according to the SPIRIT 2013 Statement. METHODS AND DESIGN: An assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial will be conducted in patients with impaired trunk control after stroke...
June 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574860/crouch-gait-can-be-an-effective-form-of-forced-use-no-constraint-exercise-for-the-paretic-lower-limb-in-stroke
#9
Luigi Tesio, Viviana Rota, Chiara Malloggi, Luigia Brugliera, Luigi Catino
In hemiplegic gait the paretic lower limb provides less muscle power and shows a briefer stance compared with the unaffected limb. Yet, a longer stance and a higher power can be obtained from the paretic lower limb if gait speed is increased. This supports the existence of a 'learned non-use' phenomenon, similar to that underlying some asymmetric impairments of the motion of the eyes and of the upper limbs. Crouch gait (CG) (bent-hip bent-knee, about 30° minimum knee flexion) might be an effective form of 'forced-use' treatment of the paretic lower limb...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552496/effects-of-novel-guidance-tubing-gait-on-emg-neuromuscular-imbalance-and-joint-angular-kinematics-during-locomotion-in-hemiparetic-stroke-patients
#10
Jeong J Lee, Joshua Sung H You
OBJECTIVE: To compare the immediate effects of conventional treadmill gait (CTG) and guidance tubing gait (GTG) on electromyographic (EMG) neuromuscular imbalance and knee joint kinematics in hemiparetic gait. DESIGN: Case control study. SETTING: University medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen patients with hemiparetic stroke (18 experimental, mean (SD) age 39.2 (16.8) years) and 15 healthy controls, mean age 26.3 (2...
May 25, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549648/characterization-of-long-term-gait-deficits-in-mouse-dmcao-using-the-catwalk-system
#11
E Caballero-Garrido, J C Pena-Philippides, Z Galochkina, E Erhardt, T Roitbak
Evaluation of functional outcome is widely used across species to assess the recovery process following various pathological conditions, including spinal cord injury, musculo-skeletal injury, mithochondrial disease, neuropathic cancer, Huntington's disease, chronic pain, cortical lesion, and olivocerebellar degeneration among others. The Stroke Therapy Academic Industry Roundtable (STAIR) recommends multiple endpoints for behavioral studies in pre-clinical stroke research, to demonstrate their clinical relevance...
May 23, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505988/intensive-seated-robotic-training-of-the-ankle-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-differentially-improves-gait
#12
Johanna L Chang, Regina Y Lin, Maira Saul, Philip J Koch, Hermano Igo Krebs, Bruce T Volpe
BACKGROUND: Robotic driven treatment plans targeting isolated joints of the upper limb have improved the sensorimotor condition of patients with stroke. Similar intensive efforts to allay lower limb gait impairment have not been so successful. In patients with stroke, targeted robot assisted training of the ankle joint, in a seated position, has demonstrated significant alterations in ankle stiffness and foot-ankle orientation at foot strike which may provide a new treatment option for gait impairment...
May 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503532/changes-in-gait-kinematics-and-muscle-activity-in-stroke-patients-wearing-various-arm-slings
#13
Young-In Hwang, Jangwhon Yoon
Stroke patients often use various arm slings, but the effects of different slings on the joint kinematics and muscle activity of the arm in the gait have not been investigated. The effects of joint kinematics and muscle activity in the gait were investigated to provide suggestions for gait training for stroke patients. In all, 10 chronic stroke patients were voluntarily recruited. An eight-camera three-dimensional motion analysis system was used to measure joint kinematics while walking; simultaneously, electromyography data were collected for the anterior and posterior deltoids and latissimus dorsi...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491477/the-effect-of-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-on-ground-reaction-forces-during-straight-walking-in-stroke-survivors
#14
Amirah Mustapa, Maria Justine, Nadia Mohd Mustafah, Haidzir Manaf
Purpose. The aim of this present study was to investigate the ground reaction forces (GRFs) alterations in stroke survivors with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). Methods. Ten stroke survivors with DPN, 10 stroke survivors without DPN, and 10 healthy controls with matched body weight between groups participated in this case-control cross-sectional study. Three-dimensional GRFs (anterior-posterior, medial-lateral, and vertical) were collected at a comfortable walking speed using the Nexus Vicon motion analysis system and force plate...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488268/electromechanical-assisted-training-for-walking-after-stroke
#15
REVIEW
Jan Mehrholz, Simone Thomas, Cordula Werner, Joachim Kugler, Marcus Pohl, Bernhard Elsner
BACKGROUND: Electromechanical- and robotic-assisted gait-training devices are used in rehabilitation and might help to improve walking after stroke. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2007. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of automated electromechanical- and robotic-assisted gait-training devices for improving walking after stroke. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register (last searched 9 August 2016), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library 2016, Issue 8), MEDLINE in Ovid (1950 to 15 August 2016), Embase (1980 to 15 August 2016), CINAHL (1982 to 15 August 2016), AMED (1985 to 15 August 2016), Web of Science (1899 to 16 August 2016), SPORTDiscus (1949 to 15 September 2012), the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) (searched 16 August 2016), and the engineering databases COMPENDEX (1972 to 16 November 2012) and Inspec (1969 to 26 August 2016)...
May 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475196/do-clinical-assessments-steady-state-or-daily-life-gait-characteristics-predict-falls-in-ambulatory-chronic-stroke-survivors
#16
Michiel Punt, Sjoerd M Bruijn, Harriet Wittink, Ingrid G van de Port, Jaap H van Dieën
OBJECTIVE: This exploratory study investigated to what extent gait characteristics and clinical physical therapy assessments predict falls in chronic stroke survivors. DESIGN: Prospective study. SUBJECTS: Chronic fall-prone and non-fall-prone stroke survivors. METHODS: Steady-state gait characteristics were collected from 40 participants while walking on a treadmill with motion capture of spatio-temporal, variability, and stability measures...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452644/self-management-and-yoga-for-older-adults-with-chronic-stroke-a-mixed-methods-study-of-physical-fitness-and-physical-activity
#17
Jennifer Dickman Portz, Emily Waddington, Karen E Atler, Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Arlene A Schmid
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated changes in physical fitness and physical activity among older patients with chronic stroke (stroke ≥ 6 months previous) after participation in a yoga infused self-management intervention. METHODS: A mixed-methods secondary data analysis examined quantitative measures of endurance, strength, and gait speed and qualitative perspectives of intervention participants. RESULTS: Based on Wilcoxon analysis, physical fitness outcome measures including endurance and lower and upper body strength significantly (p < ...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441739/the-use-of-immus-in-a-water-environment-instrument-validation-and-application-of-3d-multi-body-kinematic-analysis-in-medicine-and-sport
#18
Anna Lisa Mangia, Matteo Cortesi, Silvia Fantozzi, Andrea Giovanardi, Davide Borra, Giorgio Gatta
The aims of the present study were the instrumental validation of inertial-magnetic measurements units (IMMUs) in water, and the description of their use in clinical and sports aquatic applications applying customized 3D multi-body models. Firstly, several tests were performed to map the magnetic field in the swimming pool and to identify the best volume for experimental test acquisition with a mean dynamic orientation error lower than 5°. Successively, the gait and the swimming analyses were explored in terms of spatiotemporal and joint kinematics variables...
April 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431452/-treatment-options-for-neurogenic-drop-foot-a-systematic-literature-research
#19
Eike Jakubowitz, Daiwei Yao, Henning Windhagen, Christina Stukenborg-Colsman, Anna Thomann, Kiriakos Daniilidis
Background Neurogenic drop foot may be caused by central or peripheral lesions of the nervous system. Depending on whether the first or second motor neuron is damaged, a flaccid or spastic drop foot develops. Spastic drop foot persists as a residual long-term complication after stroke in about 14 % of patients. Various conservative and surgical treatment options are available. Methods This article is based on a systematic literature review for medical evidence of functional electrical stimulation (FES) with the keywords "functional electrical stimulation AND drop foot" and "functional electrical stimulation AND gait AND stroke" in PubMed and Cochrane databases...
April 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431220/contribution-of-ankle-foot-orthosis-moment-in-regulating-ankle-and-knee-motions-during-gait-in-individuals-post-stroke
#20
Toshiki Kobayashi, Michael S Orendurff, Madeline L Singer, Fan Gao, K Bo Foreman
BACKGROUND: Ankle-foot orthosis moment resisting plantarflexion has systematic effects on ankle and knee joint motion in individuals post-stroke. However, it is not known how much ankle-foot orthosis moment is generated to regulate their motion. The aim of this study was to quantify the contribution of an articulated ankle-foot orthosis moment to regulate ankle and knee joint motion during gait in individuals post-stroke. METHODS: Gait data were collected from 10 individuals post-stroke using a Bertec split-belt instrumented treadmill and a Vicon 3-dimensional motion analysis system...
June 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
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