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gait analysis stroke

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232981/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-improves-walking-capacity-and-reduces-spasticity-in-stroke-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Patrick Wh Kwong, Gabriel Yf Ng, Raymond Ck Chung, Shamay Sm Ng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate (1) the effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) at improving lower extremity motor recovery in stroke survivors and (2) the optimal stimulation parameters for TENS. REVIEW METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for studies published up to October 2017 using eight electronic databases (CINAHL, ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PEDro, PubMed and Web of Science)...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227525/functional-electrical-stimulation-and-ankle-foot-orthoses-provide-equivalent-therapeutic-effects-on-foot-drop-a-meta-analysis-providing-direction-for-future-research
#2
Sarah Prenton, Kristen L Hollands, Laurence P J Kenney, Pornsuree Onmanee
OBJECTIVE: To compare the randomized controlled trial evidence for therapeutic effects on walking of functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses for foot drop caused by central nervous system conditions. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, REHABDATA, PEDro, NIHR Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, Scopus and clinicaltrials.gov. STUDY SELECTION: One reviewer screened titles/abstracts...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#3
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219877/effectiveness-of-robotic-assisted-rehabilitation-for-mobility-and-functional-ability-in-adult-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review
#4
Kenneth Lo, Matthew Stephenson, Craig Lockwood
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability, and rehabilitation, involving repetitive, high intensity, task-specific exercises, is the pathway to restoring motor skills. Robotic assistive devices are increasingly being used and it is hoped that with robotic devices, rehabilitation progress can be achieved for patients. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of robotic devices in the rehabilitation of stroke patients for upper limb mobility, lower limb mobility, and activities of daily living...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208476/what-does-best-evidence-tell-us-about-robotic-gait-rehabilitation-in-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Maria Federica Bruni, Corrado Melegari, Maria Cristina De Cola, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
BACKGROUND: Studies about electromechanical-assisted devices proved the validity and effectiveness of these tools in gait rehabilitation, especially if used in association with conventional physiotherapy in stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of different robotic devices in improving post-stroke gait abnormalities. METHODS: A computerized literature research of articles was conducted in the databases MEDLINE, PEDro, COCHRANE, besides a search for the same items in the Library System of the University of Parma (Italy)...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204011/effect-of-scapular-stabilization-exercise-during-standing-on-upper-limb-function-and-gait-ability-of-stroke-patients
#6
J O Kim, J Lee, B H Lee
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of scapular stabilization exercise during standing on a paretic side on upper limb function and gait ability of stroke patients. Methods: This study was a hospital-based, randomized controlled trial with a blinded assessor. A total of 17 patients with hemiplegic diagnosis after stroke were divided into two groups (9 patients in a study group and 8 patients in a control group). The study group received physical therapy and scapular stabilization exercise on a paretic side...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201557/brain-lesions-affecting-gait-recovery-in-stroke-patients
#7
Kyoung Bo Lee, Joon Sung Kim, Bo Young Hong, Bomi Sul, Seojin Song, Won Jin Sung, Byong Yong Hwang, Seong Hoon Lim
Objectives: Gait recovery is an important goal in stroke patients. Several studies have sought to uncover relationships between specific brain lesions and the recovery of gait, but the effects of specific brain lesions on gait remain unclear. Thus, we investigated the effects of stroke lesions on gait recovery in stroke patients. Materials and Methods: In total, 30 subjects with stroke were assessed in a retrograde longitudinal observational study. To assess gait function, the functional ambulation category (FAC) was tested four times: initially (within 2 weeks) and 1, 3, and 6 months after the onset of the stroke...
November 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130977/effects-of-wearable-sensor-based-balance-and-gait-training-on-balance-gait-and-functional-performance-in-healthy-and-patient-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Katharina Gordt, Thomas Gerhardy, Bijan Najafi, Michael Schwenk
BACKGROUND: Wearable sensors (WS) can accurately measure body motion and provide interactive feedback for supporting motor learning. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to summarize current evidence for the effectiveness of WS training for improving balance, gait and functional performance. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, and CINAHL. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using a WS exercise program were included...
November 1, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130973/frequency-aetiology-and-outcome-of-small-cerebellar-infarction
#9
Zeljka Calic, Cecilia Cappelen-Smith, Ramesh Cuganesan, Craig S Anderson, Miriam Welgampola, Dennis J Cordato
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Strokes due to small (<2 cm) cerebellar infarction are under-recognised, and their profile and aetiology have not been well characterised. We aimed to determine the frequency, clinical features, aetiology, and outcome of small as compared to large cerebellar infarction. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of clinical and imaging features of a prospectively assessed series of 108 consecutive patients with acute cerebellar infarction admitted to Liverpool Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia, during 2011-2015...
November 2, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118292/-impact-of-frailty-and-metabolic-syndrome-on-the-incidence-of-loss-of-independence-in-community-dwelling-older-japanese-the-kusatsu-town-study
#10
Akihiko Kitamura, Shoji Shinkai, Yu Taniguchi, Hidenori Amano, Satoshi Seino, Yuri Yokoyama, Mariko Nishi, Yoshinori Fujiwara
Objectives To investigate the relationship between frailty, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and loss of independence leading to the onset of disability or death among community-dwelling older Japanese.Methods Between 2002 and 2011, we conducted a 7-year prospective study involving 1,453 residents aged 65 years and over, initially free of disability, who underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment in Kusatsu town. Statistical analysis was conducted for those with complete values, resulting in a variable number of subjects for each data point...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111465/effectiveness-of-circuit-based-exercises-on-gait-speed-balance-and-functional-mobility-in-people-affected-by-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Ana Clara Bonini-Rocha, Anderson Lúcio Souza de Andrade, André Marques Moraes, Liana Barbaresco Gomide Matheus, Leonardo Rios Diniz, Wagner Rodrigues Martins
BACKGROUND: Several interventions are proposed to rehabilitate patients with neurological dysfunctions due to stroke. The effectiveness of Circuit-Based Exercises according to its actual definition, i.e., an overall program to improve strength, stamina, balance or functioning, was not provided. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of circuit-based exercise in the treatment of people affected by stroke. METHOD: A search through PUBMED, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and PEDro databases was performed to identify controlled clinical trials without language or date restriction...
October 27, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077960/locomotor-training-and-strength-and-balance-exercises-for-walking-recovery-after-stroke-response-to-number-of-training-sessions
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dorian K Rose, Stephen E Nadeau, Samuel S Wu, Julie K Tilson, Bruce H Dobkin, Qinglin Pei, Pamela W Duncan
Background: Evidence-based guidelines are needed to inform rehabilitation practice, including the effect of number of exercise training sessions on recovery of walking ability after stroke. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the response to increasing number of training sessions of 2 interventions-locomotor training and strength and balance exercises-on poststroke walking recovery. Design: This is a secondary analysis of the Locomotor Experience Applied Post-Stroke (LEAPS) randomized controlled trial...
November 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077744/correlates-of-physical-activity-among-community-dwelling-adults-aged-50-or-over-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#13
Ai Koyanagi, Brendon Stubbs, Lee Smith, Benjamin Gardner, Davy Vancampfort
BACKGROUND: Considering that physical activity is associated with healthy ageing and helps to delay, prevent, or manage a plethora of non-communicable diseases in older adults, there is a need to investigate the factors that influence physical activity participation in this population. Thus, we investigated physical activity correlates among community-dwelling older adults (aged ≥50 years) in six low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068037/berg-balance-scale-score-at-admission-can-predict-walking-suitable-for-community-ambulation-at-discharge-from-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation
#14
Dennis R Louie, Janice J Eng
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective cohort study identified inpatient rehabilitation admission variables that predict walking ability at discharge and established Berg Balance Scale cut-off scores to predict the extent of improvement in walking. METHODS: Participants (n=123) were assessed for various cognitive and physical outcomes at admission to inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Multivariate logistic regression identified admission predictors of regaining community ambulation (gait speed ≥0...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061169/the-effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-on-locomotion-and-balance-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
M Geiger, A Supiot, R Zory, P Aegerter, D Pradon, N Roche
BACKGROUND: Following stroke, patients are often left with hemiparesis that reduces balance and gait capacity. A recent, non-invasive technique, transcranial direct current stimulation, can be used to modify cortical excitability when used in an anodal configuration. It also increases the excitability of spinal neuronal circuits involved in movement in healthy subjects. Many studies in patients with stroke have shown that this technique can improve motor, sensory and cognitive function...
October 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059697/stimulation-of-the-mesencephalic-locomotor-region-for-gait-recovery-after-stroke
#16
Felix Fluri, Uwe Malzahn, György A Homola, Michael K Schuhmann, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Jens Volkmann
OBJECTIVE: One-third of all stroke survivors are unable to walk, even after intensive physiotherapy. Thus, other concepts to restore walking are needed. Because electrical stimulation of the mesencephalic locomotor region (MLR) is known to elicit gait movements, this area might be a promising target for restorative neurostimulation in stroke patients with gait disability. The present study aims to delineate the effect of high-frequency stimulation of the MLR (MLR-HFS) on gait impairment in a rodent stroke model...
November 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988025/towards-an-objective-assessment-of-motor-function-in-sub-acute-stroke-patients-relationship-between-clinical-rating-scales-and-instrumental-gait-stability-indexes
#17
P Tamburini, D Mazzoli, R Stagni
The assessment of walking function alterations is a key issue to design effective rehabilitative interventions in sub-acute stroke patients. Nevertheless, the objective quantification of these alterations remains a challenge. Clinical rating scales are commonly used in clinical practice, but have been proven prone to errors associated to the evaluator subjective perception. On the other hand, instrumental measurement of trunk acceleration can be exploited for an objective quantitative characterization of gait function, but it is not applied in routine clinical practice, because the resulting quantitative indexes have not been related to the clinically information, conventionally provided by the rating scales...
September 27, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946585/efficacy-of-robotic-assisted-gait-training-in-chronic-stroke-patients-preliminary-results-of-an-italian-bi-centre-study
#18
Irene Aprile, Chiara Iacovelli, Luca Padua, Daniele Galafate, Simone Criscuolo, Debora Gabbani, Arianna Cruciani, Marco Germanotta, Enrica Di Sipio, Francesco De Pisi, Marco Franceschini
BACKGROUND: The gait recovery is a realist goal in the rehabilitation of almost Stroke patients. Over the last years, the introduction of robotic technologies in gait rehabilitation of stroke patients has had a greatest interest. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy of Robotic Gait Training (RGT) in Chronic Stroke Patients. METHODS: Fourteen chronic stroke patients were divided into two groups. Six patients received RGT, eight patients received traditional gait rehabilitation...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922311/motor-imagery-training-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Zaqueline Fernandes Guerra, Alessandra L G Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A number of studies have suggested that imagery training (motor imagery [MI]) has value for improving motor function in persons with neurologic conditions. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the available literature related to efficacy of MI in the recovery of individuals after stroke. METHODS: We searched the following databases: PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Scopus, Cochrane, and PEDro. Two reviewers independently selected clinical trials that investigated the effect of MI on outcomes commonly investigated in studies of stroke recovery...
October 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918597/effect-of-vibration-on-postural-control-and-gait-of-elderly-subjects-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Farzam Farahmand, Reza Fadayevatan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gait and balance disorders are common in the elderly populations, and their prevalence increases with age. This systematic review was performed to summarize the current evidence for subthreshold vibration interventions on postural control and gait in elderly. METHOD: A review of intervention studies including the following words in the title/abstract: insole, foot and ankle appliances, vibration, noise and elderly related to balance and gait...
September 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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