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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103638/music-interventions-for-acquired-brain-injury
#1
REVIEW
Wendy L Magee, Imogen Clark, Jeanette Tamplin, Joke Bradt
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, and sensory processing, and in emotional disturbances, which can severely reduce a survivor's quality of life. Music interventions have been used in rehabilitation to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. An update of the systematic review published in 2010 was needed to gauge the efficacy of music interventions in rehabilitation for people with ABI...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079633/criterion-referenced-values-of-grip-strength-and-usual-gait-speed-using-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-disability-as-the-criterion
#2
Meng-Chih Lee, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Yi-Fen Tsai, Ching-Yu Chen, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Ching-Yi Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Current evidence suggests that grip strength and usual gait speed (UGS) are important predictors of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) disability. Knowing the optimum cut points of these tests for discriminating people with and without IADL disability could help clinicians or researchers to better interpret the test results and make medical decisions. The purpose of this study was to determine the cutoff values of grip strength and UGS for best discriminating community-dwelling older adults with and without IADL disability, separately for men and women, and to investigate their association with IADL disability...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074998/-prognostic-factors-of-functional-recovery-from-a-stroke-at-one-year
#3
J A Moreno-Palacios, I Moreno-Martinez, A Bartolome-Nogues, E Lopez-Blanco, R Juarez-Fernandez, I Garcia-Delgado
INTRODUCTION: Recovery of the ability to walk and independence is fundamental for any patient who suffers a stroke, and it can be influenced by a number of factors. AIM: To determine what variables are more important to achieve a good functional recovery at one year after the stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An observational, longitudinal prospective study was conducted with 231 patients diagnosed with a stroke in the year 2013. An analysis was performed of the clinical characteristics, socio-demographic data, neurological situation at the time of hospitalisation -National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS)-, functional situation (Rankin Scale and Barthel Index) and ability to walk, both on hospitalisation and on discharge from rehabilitation and at one year...
January 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064358/incipient-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-is-more-common-than-expected-and-may-comprise-clinicopathological-subtypes-a-forensic-autopsy-series
#4
Koji Yoshida, Yukiko Hata, Koshi Kinoshita, Shutaro Takashima, Kortaro Tanaka, Naoki Nishida
We investigated 998 serial Japanese forensic autopsy cases (0-101 years old, mean age 61.7 ± 21.9), with no case selection, using immunohistochemistry to detect cases with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Twenty-nine cases (mean age 82.3 ± 7.2 years, 11 males, 18 females) fulfilled the National Institute of Neuronal Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)-PSP pathological criteria (2.9% of all cases, 4.6% of cases over 60). All had neuronal and glial inclusions in the basal ganglia and brainstem. However, 13 cases had low tau pathology and were categorized as atypical PSP...
January 7, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018979/increasing-access-to-cost-effective-home-based-rehabilitation-for-rural-veteran-stroke-survivors
#5
S N Housley, A R Garlow, K Ducote, A Howard, T Thomas, D Wu, K Richards, A J Butler
INTRODUCTION: An estimated 750,000 Americans experience a stroke annually. Most stroke survivors require rehabilitation. Limited access to rehabilitation facilities has a pronounced burden on functional outcomes and quality of life. Robotic devices deliver reproducible therapy without the need for real-time human oversight. This study examined the efficacy of using home-based, telerobotic-assisted devices (Hand and Foot Mentor: HM and FM) to improve functional ability and reduce depression symptoms, while improving access and cost savings associated with rehabilitation...
August 25, 2016: Austin Journal of Cerebrovascular Disease & Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007328/arterial-stiffness-in-subacute-stroke-changing-pattern-and-relationship-with-functional-recovery
#6
Eun Young Han, Bo Ryun Kim, Seung-Jae Joo, Chang Sub Lee, Sa-Yoon Kang, Song-Yi Kim, Joon Hyouk Choi, Chul Woong Hyun
BACKGROUND: To examine changing patterns in arterial stiffness and functional outcome in patients with subacute stroke, and to determine which parameter shows a strong correlation with the reversal of arterial stiffness, during a 3-month period of comprehensive rehabilitation therapy. METHODS: This descriptive, observational cohort study enrolled 60 patients (43 male and 17 female; average age, 62.7 years), and all received conventional rehabilitation therapy, during a 3-month period...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992350/alignment-free-self-calibrating-elbow-angles-measurement-using-inertial-sensors
#7
Philipp Muller, Marc-Andre Begin, Thomas Schauer, Thomas Seel
Due to their relative ease of handling and low cost, inertial measurement unit (IMU)-based joint angle measurements are used for a widespread range of applications. These include sports performance, gait analysis and rehabilitation (e.g. Parkinson's disease monitoring or post-stroke assessment). However, a major downside of current algorithms, recomposing human kinematics from IMU data, is that they require calibration motions and/or the careful alignment of the IMUs with respect to the body segments. In this article, we propose a new method, which is alignment-free and self-calibrating using arbitrary movements of the user and an initial zero reference arm pose...
December 14, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990234/can-fes-augmented-active-cycling-training-improve-locomotion-in-post-acute-elderly-stroke-patients
#8
Elisabetta Peri, Emilia Ambrosini, Alessandra Pedrocchi, Giancarlo Ferrigno, Claudia Nava, Valentina Longoni, Marco Monticone, Simona Ferrante
Recent studies advocated the use of active cycling coupled with functional electrical stimulation to induce neuroplasticity and enhance functional improvements in stroke adult patients. The aim of this work was to evaluate whether the benefits induced by such a treatment are superior to standard physiotherapy. A single-blinded randomized controlled trial has been performed on post-acute elderly stroke patients. Patients underwent FES-augmented cycling training combined with voluntary pedaling or standard physiotherapy...
June 13, 2016: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979793/lower-magnetization-transfer-ratio-in-the-forceps-minor-is-associated-with-poorer-gait-velocity-in-older-adults
#9
S Seiler, L Pirpamer, B Gesierich, E Hofer, M Duering, D Pinter, E Jouvent, F Fazekas, J-F Mangin, H Chabriat, S Ropele, R Schmidt
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Gait disturbances in the elderly are disabling and a major public health issue but are poorly understood. In this multimodal MR imaging study, we used 2 voxel-based analysis methods to assess the voxelwise relationship of magnetization transfer ratio and white matter hyperintensity location with gait velocity in older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed 230 community-dwelling participants of the Austrian Stroke Prevention Family Study...
December 15, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942112/impact-of-the-difference-in-the-plantar-flexor-strength-of-the-ankle-joint-in-the-affected-side-among-hemiplegic-patients-on-the-plantar-pressure-and-walking-asymmetry
#10
Young Youl You, Sin Ho Chung, Hyung Jin Lee
[Purpose] This study was to examine the changes in the gait lines and plantar pressures in static and dynamic circumstances, according to the differences in the strengths of the plantar flexors in the ankle joints on the affected sides of hemiplegic patients, and to determine their impacts on walking symmetry. [Subjects and Methods] A total of thirty hospitalized stroke patients suffering from hemiplegia were selected in this study. The subjects had ankylosing patterns in the ankle joints of the affected sides...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935557/wearable-tubing-assistive-walking-device-immediately-enhances-gait-parameters-in-subjects-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Seung-Mi Lee, Heon-Seock Cynn, Chung-Hwi Yi, Tae-Lim Yoon, Ji-Hyun Lee
BACKGROUND: Stroke patients develop compensatory movements due to limitations of ankle dorsiflexion and knee flexion. To solve the limitations, there are many adjustable walking assistive devices such as robotic devices, ankle-foot orthoses, and functional electric stimulation in rehabilitation session. However, these assistive devices have some disadvantages, including expense and discomforts. Therefore, the development of a new assistive device for stroke patients is needed to assist ankle dorsiflexion and knee flexion...
December 8, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917945/improvement-in-stroke-induced-motor-dysfunction-by-music-supported-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Yingshi Zhang, Jiayi Cai, Yaqiong Zhang, Tianshu Ren, Mingyi Zhao, Qingchun Zhao
To conduct a meta-analysis of clinical trials that examined the effect of music-supported therapy on stroke-induced motor dysfunction, comprehensive literature searches of PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library from their inception to April 2016 were performed. A total of 10 studies (13 analyses, 358 subjects) were included; all had acceptable quality according to PEDro scale score. The baseline differences between the two groups were confirmed to be comparable. Compared with the control group, the standardized mean difference of 9-Hole Peg Test was 0...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916248/analysis-of-consistency-between-temporospatial-gait-parameters-and-gait-assessment-with-the-use-of-wisconsin-gait-scale-in-post-stroke-patients
#13
Agnieszka Guzik, Mariusz Drużbicki, Grzegorz Przysada, Andrzej Kwolek, Agnieszka Brzozowska-Magoń, Andżelina Wolan-Nieroda
INTRODUCTION: Due to the increasing incidence and social effects of stroke there is a growing interest in finding methods enabling gait analysis in this group of patients. Observational techniques are predominantly applied in clinical practice; on the other hand advanced quantitative methods allow in-depth multidimensional gait assessment. The present study was designed to assess the consistency between temporospatial gait parameters acquired through 3-dimensional gait analysis and the results of gait assessment with the use of observational WGS in post stroke hemiparetic patients...
November 18, 2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825837/effects-of-functional-electrical-stimulation-on-reducing-falls-and-improving-gait-parameters-in-multiple-sclerosis-and-stroke
#14
Elisa Gervasoni, Riccardo Parelli, Marcin Uszynski, Alessandro Crippa, Alberto Marzegan, Angelo Montesano, Davide Cattaneo
BACKGROUND: Loss of neuromuscular control of the ankle joint is a common impairment in neurologic conditions, leading to abnormal gait and a greater risk of falling. Limited information, however, is available on the effectiveness of functional electrical stimulation (FES) on reducing falls, and no studies have investigated its usefulness in improving lower limbs kinematics related to foot clearance and energy recovery. SETTING: Clinical setting. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study...
November 4, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819400/-instrumental-gait-analysis-in-stroke-patients
#15
P Fernandez-Gonzalez, F Molina-Rueda, A Cuesta-Gomez, M Carratala-Tejada, J C Miangolarra-Page
INTRODUCTION: The motor control deficits after stroke affect the gait pattern. There is a significant variability between subjects. AIMS: To analyse, by using a capture motion system, the gait pattern in stroke patients with different levels of motor function, and to establish, despite the participants heterogeneity, what alterations in the gait pattern are usual in each participant. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Nine stroke subjects with independent gait and ten control subjects participated in this study...
November 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816479/does-acupuncture-ameliorate-motor-impairment-after-stroke-an-assessment-using-the-catwalk-gait-system
#16
Yan Cao, Ning Sun, Jing-Wen Yang, Yang Zheng, Wen Zhu, Zhen-Hua Zhang, Xue-Rui Wang, Guang-Xia Shi, Cun-Zhi Liu
The effect of acupuncture on gait deficits after stroke is uncertain. This animal study was designed to determine whether acupuncture improves gait impairment following experimentally induced ischemic stroke. Ischemic stroke was induced by permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats. After 7 days' of acupuncture treatment, assessment of gait changes using the CatWalk automated gait analysis system was performed. Comparison of the CatWalk gait parameters among the groups showed that gait function was impaired after ischemic stroke and acupuncture treatment was effective in improving a variety of gait parameters including intensity, stance and swing time, swing speed and stride length at postoperative day 8...
November 2, 2016: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814306/treadmill-training-with-thera-band-improves-motor-function-gait-and-balance-in-stroke-patients
#17
Taesung In, Youngmi Jin, Kyoungsim Jung, Hwiyoung Cho
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of treadmill training with Thera-Band on motor function, gait and balance abilities in patients with stroke. METHODS: 30 participants with hemiparetic stroke were recruited and randomly divided into two groups: the experimental group (n = 15) and the control group (n = 15). Participants in both groups received conventional physical therapy for 30 minutes before the intervention. Additionally, subject in the experimental group performed treadmill training with Thera-Band for 30 minutes, five times a week for four weeks, while the control group conducted treadmill training only for the same amount of time...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799706/effects-of-8-weeks-of-mat-based-pilates-exercise-on-gait-in-chronic-stroke-patients
#18
SuYeon Roh, Ho Jong Gil, Sukhoon Yoon
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week program of Pilates exercise on gait in chronic hemiplegia patients and to determine whether or not it can be used for rehabilitation in postsrtoke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty individuals with unilateral chronic hemiparetic stroke (age, 66.1 ± 4.4 yrs; height, 162.3 ± 8.3 cm; weight, 67.4 ± 12.3 kg) participated in this study and were randomly allocated equally to either a Pilates exercise group or a control group...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798378/associations-between-foot-placement-asymmetries-and-metabolic-cost-of-transport-in-hemiparetic-gait
#19
James M Finley, Amy J Bastian
Stroke survivors often have a slow, asymmetric walking pattern. They also walk with a higher metabolic cost than healthy, age-matched controls. It is often assumed that spatial-temporal asymmetries contribute to the increased metabolic cost of walking poststroke. However, elucidating this relationship is made challenging because of the interdependence between spatial-temporal asymmetries, walking speed, and metabolic cost. Here, we address these potential confounds by measuring speed-dependent changes in metabolic cost and implementing a recently developed approach to dissociate spatial versus temporal contributions to asymmetry in a sample of stroke survivors...
February 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706077/assessing-walking-strategies-using-insole-pressure-sensors-for-stroke-survivors
#20
Mario Munoz-Organero, Jack Parker, Lauren Powell, Susan Mawson
Insole pressure sensors capture the different forces exercised over the different parts of the sole when performing tasks standing up such as walking. Using data analysis and machine learning techniques, common patterns and strategies from different users to achieve different tasks can be automatically extracted. In this paper, we present the results obtained for the automatic detection of different strategies used by stroke survivors when walking as integrated into an Information Communication Technology (ICT) enhanced Personalised Self-Management Rehabilitation System (PSMrS) for stroke rehabilitation...
October 1, 2016: Sensors
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