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Sacroiliac pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431581/sacroiliitis-mimics-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Maria J Antonelli, Marina Magrey
BACKGROUND: Radiographic sacroiliitis is the hallmark of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and detection of acute sacroiliitis is pivotal for early diagnosis of AS. Although radiographic sacroiliitis is a distinguishing feature of AS, sacroiliitis can be seen in a variety of other disease entities. CASE PRESENTATION: We present an interesting case of sacroiliitis in a patient with Paget disease; the patient presented with inflammatory back pain which was treated with bisphosphonate...
April 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431026/minimally-invasive-sacroiliac-joint-fusion-radiofrequency-denervation-and-conservative-management-for-sacroiliac-joint-pain-6-year-comparative-case-series
#2
Vicente Vanaclocha, Juan Manuel Herrera, Nieves Sáiz-Sapena, Marlon Rivera-Paz, Francisco Verdú-López
BACKGROUND: Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain is an under-recognized condition. Substantial information supports the safety and effectiveness of SIJ fusion (SIJF). Long-term follow-up after SIJF has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To determine responses to conservative management (CM), SIJ denervation, and SIJF in patients with SIJ pain unresponsive to CM. METHODS: Retrospective study with long-term (up to 6 yr) follow-up of 137 patients with SIJ pain seen in an outpatient neurosurgery clinic who received either CM (n = 63), sacroiliac denervation (n = 47), or minimally invasive SIJF (n = 27)...
April 20, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426912/the-association-between-inflammatory-back-pain-characteristics-and-mri-findings-in-the-spine-and-sacroiliac-joints
#3
Bodil Arnbak, Anne G Jurik, Tue S Jensen, Claus Manniche
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between MRI findings at the sacroiliac joints (SIJs) and vertebral endplates and pain characteristics assumed to be indicative of axial inflammation. METHODS: Patients aged 18-40 years with persistent low back pain referred to an outpatient spine clinic participated, including an unknown proportion of axial spondyloarthritis patients. Data included MRI of the spine and SIJs and self-reported responses to questions covering the Calin, Berlin, ASAS and Bailly inflammatory back pain (IBP) definitions...
April 20, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418950/sacral-fatigue-fracture-in-a-military-recruit
#4
Matthew D Burgess, Mickaila J Johnston, Eugene D Silverman
A 19-year-old male military recruit presented with 3 weeks of persistent left hip and groin pain after abnormally twisting his hip during a hike. Initial radiographs were interpreted as negative. He subsequently underwent a bone scan which revealed linear left sacral uptake along or paralleling the sacroiliac joint. Differential diagnostic considerations included unilateral sacroiliitis and sacral fracture. SPECT/CT was performed which confirmed left sacral fatigue stress fracture. Transitional lumbosacral anatomy was evident on radiographs with pseudoarticulation of the transitional left S1 transverse process with the sacrum...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414677/a-rare-case-of-tropical-pyomysitis-acquired-on-vacation-in-a-healthy-male
#5
K Poole, T Tran
INTRODUCTION: Pyomyositis has traditionally been considered a tropical disease. Increasing prevalence has been observed in more northern climates, especially with HIV, immunosuppression, and IV drug abuse as predisposing factors. Pyomyositis has the tendency to mimic other conditions, such as muscle contusion, necrotizing fasciitis, or septic arthritis. The rarity of this disease and non-specificity of its symptoms often lead to delay in appropriate diagnosis and treatment. CASE: 24-year-old man, seen 2 days prior in orthopedics clinic and the Emergency Department for persistent gluteal pain thought to be due to right-sided sciatica, was admitted following worsening pain, diffuse generalized weakness with polyarthralgias and myalgias These symptoms were associated with night sweats, shaking chills, and difficulty walking...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410481/leg-symptoms-associated-with-sacroiliac-joint-disorder-and-related-pain
#6
Eiichi Murakami, Toshimi Aizawa, Daisuke Kurosawa, Kyoko Noguchi
OBJECTIVE: The symptoms of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) disorders are usually detected in the buttock and groin, and occasionally referred to the thigh and leg. However, lumbar disorders also cause symptoms in these same body regions. The presence of a characteristic, symptomatic pattern in the legs would be useful for diagnosing SIJ disorders. This study aimed to identify specific leg symptoms in patients with SIJ pain originating from the posterior sacroiliac ligament and determine the rate of occurrence of these symptoms...
March 30, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399606/-diagnosis-of-patients-with-painful-sacroiliac-joint-syndrome
#7
Rahel Bornemann, Robert Pflugmacher, Ernst M W Koch, Philip Peter Roessler, Yorck Rommelspacher, Dieter Christian Wirtz, Sönke Percy Frey
Pain coming from the sacroiliac (SI) joints can explain up to 25 % of all chronic low back pain. A careful differential diagnosis is required to avoid misdiagnosis of low back pain. In addition to historical findings, positive findings on physical examination maneuvers that stress the SI joint are a key component diagnosis. The SI joint is confirmed as a pain generator when intraarticular injection of local anaesthetics provides acute back pain relief. Minimally invasive SI joint fusion is clearly superior to invasive open surgical procedures, with decreased blood loss and tissue disruption, shorter procedure times and shorter hospital stays...
April 11, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388969/is-ct-indicated-in-diagnosing-sacroiliac-joint-degeneration
#8
J Bäcklund, E Clewett Dahl, M Skorpil
AIM: To assess the value of computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of symptomatic sacroiliac (SI) joint degeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT images from 123 patients with clinically diagnosed SI joint pain were compared to age- and gender-matched controls without chronic back pain or previous back surgery. Degeneration was graded assessing joint space narrowing, osteophytes, subchondral sclerosis, cysts, and vacuum phenomena. RESULTS: The mean total score for the patients was 9...
April 4, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377866/revision-of-minimally-invasive-sacroiliac-joint-fixation-technical-considerations-and-case-studies-using-decortication-and-threaded-implant-fixation
#9
Brett MenMuir, Louis C Fielding
BACKGROUND: Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) disease is increasingly recognized as a common source of low back pain. Arthrodesis of the SIJ has been shown to be clinically effective for this condition. In the last decade, minimally invasive (MI) SIJ fusion procedures have been developed to achieve the clinical effectiveness of open fusion procedures, with lower operative morbidity and faster recovery. However, SIJ fusion patients occasionally present with symptomatic nonunions necessitating revision...
2017: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350586/predictors-of-outcome-in-conservative-and-minimally-invasive-surgical-management-of-pain-originating-from-the-sacroiliac-joint-a-pooled-analysis
#10
Julius Dengler, Bradley Duhon, Peter Whang, Clay Frank, John Glaser, Bengt Sturesson, Steven Garfin, Daniel Cher, Aaron Rendahl, David Polly
STUDY DESIGN: A pooled patient-level analysis of two multicenter randomized controlled trials and one multicenter single-arm prospective trial. OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of outcome of conservative and minimally invasive surgical management of pain originating from the sacroiliac joint (SIJ). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Three recently published prospective trials have shown that minimally invasive SIJ fusion (SIJF) using triangular titanium implants produces better outcomes than conservative management for patients with pain originating from the SIJ...
March 27, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340063/conventional-simplicity-iii-and-cooled-sinergy-radiofrequency-for-sacroiliac-joint-denervation-one-year-retrospective-study-comparing-two-devices
#11
Andrea Tinnirello, Sandra Barbieri, Manuel Todeschini, Maurizio Marchesini
Objective. : To compare two radiofrequency (RF) devices, Simplicity III (conventional RF), and SInergy (cooled RF), which are specifically designed to denervate the sacroiliac joint (SIJ). Design. : Retrospective observational study. Setting. : Italian National Health Service Public Hospital. Subjects.:  Forty-three patients with SIJ-derived pain refractory to conservative treatment; 21 and 22 patients, respectively, received Simplicity III or SInergy to denervate the SIJ...
March 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339551/anticoagulant-and-antiplatelet-management-for-spinal-procedures-a-prospective-descriptive-study-and-interpretation-of-guidelines
#12
Bradly S Goodman, L McLean House, Sridhar Vallabhaneni, Srinivas Mallempati, Matthew R Willey, Matthew Thomas Smith
Setting.:  Epidural hematoma rarely complicates interventional spine procedures. While anticoagulant and antiplatelet drugs increase bleeding risk, cessation may precipitate serious thromboembolic events. The Spine Intervention Society (SIS) and American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) put forth guidelines that dissent with regard to management of hemostatically active agents during commonly performed spinal injections. Objective.:  To validate an antiplatelet/anticoagulant management table based on modifications of the SIS 2013 and ASRA 2015 guidelines...
October 6, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339540/interventional-pain-management-for-sacroiliac-tumors-in-the-oncologic-population-a-case-series-and-paradigm-approach
#13
Nathan Hutson, Joseph C Hung, Vinay Puttanniah, Eric Lis, Ilya Laufer, Amitabh Gulati
Introduction.:  Tumors invading the sacrum and/or ilium often represent incurable metastatic disease, and treatment is targeted toward palliation of symptoms and control of pain. As systemic opioid therapy is frequently inadequate and limited by side effects, a variety of interventional techniques are available to better optimize analgesia. Using six patients as a paradigm for interventional approaches to pain relief, we present a therapeutic algorithm for treating sacroiliac tumor-related pain in the oncologic population...
October 7, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303383/surgical-management-of-coronal-and-sagittal-imbalance-of-the-spine-without-pso-a-multicentric-cohort-study-on-compensated-adult-degenerative-deformities
#14
Alessandro Ramieri, Massimo Miscusi, Maurizio Domenicucci, Antonino Raco, Giuseppe Costanzo
PURPOSE: Sagittal imbalance of severe adult degenerative deformities requires surgical correction to improve pain, mobility and quality of life. Our aim was a harmonic and balanced spine, treating a series of adult degenerative thoracolumbar and lumbar kyphoscoliosis by a non posterior subtraction osteotomy technique. METHODS: We operated 22 painful thoracolumbar and lumbar compensated degenerative deformities by anterior (ALIF), extreme lateral (XLIF) and transforaminal (TLIF) interbody fusion and grade 2 osteotomy (SPO) to restore lumbar lordosis and mobilize the coronal curve...
March 16, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288044/the-accessory-sacroiliac-joint-diagnosed-with-bone-spect-ct
#15
Ji-Hun Kang, Min-Woo Kim, Eun Ha Moon, Young Jun Kim, Ki Pi Yu
The accessory sacroiliac (SI) joint is not rare and can be one of the causes of lower back pain. We present a case of a 35-year-old woman with chronic lower back pain. Conventional radiography was equivocal, and bone scintigraphy showed a focus of mildly increased uptake in left SI joint region. SPECT/CT revealed increased uptakes in the accessory articulations between both sacral alae and iliac bones, and confirmed the diagnosis of accessory SI joint. This case illustrates the SPECT/CT findings of the accessory SI joint...
March 10, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283515/comparison-of-mri-with-radiography-for-detecting-structural-lesions-of-the-sacroiliac-joint-using-ct-as-standard-of-reference-results-from-the-simact-study
#16
Torsten Diekhoff, Kay-Geert A Hermann, Juliane Greese, Carsten Schwenke, Denis Poddubnyy, Bernd Hamm, Joachim Sieper
OBJECTIVE: Radiographs of sacroiliac (SI) joints are used for the detection of structural damage in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), but are often difficult to interpret. Here, we address the question how the T1-weighted MRI (T1w MRI) sequence compares with radiography for SI joints' structural lesions using low-dose CT as the standard of reference. METHODS: Radiographs, T1w MRI and low-dose CT of the SI joints from 110 patients (mean age 36.1 (19-57) years, 52% males and 48% females; 53% with axSpA, 21 non-radiographic axSpA and 32% radiographic axSpA, 47% with non-SpA) referred to the rheumatologist because of unclear chronic back pain, but possible axSpA, were scored for structural lesions (erosions, sclerosis, joint space changes and an overall impression of positivity)...
March 10, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255260/lumbar-radiofrequency-rhizotomy-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-increases-the-diagnosis-of-sacroiliac-joint-dysfunction-in-subsequent-follow-up-visits
#17
Varun Kumar Rimmalapudi, Sanjeev Kumar
Chronic back pain is often a result of coexisting pathologies; secondary causes of pain can become more apparent sources of pain once the primary pathology has been addressed. The objective of our study was to determine if there is an increase in diagnosis of Sacroiliac joint pain following a Lumbar Rhizotomy. A list of patients who underwent Lumbar Radiofrequency during a 6-month period in our clinic was generated. Records from subsequent clinic visits were reviewed to determine if a new diagnosis of SI joint pathology was made...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247976/bilateral-sacroiliac-luxation-fixation-using-a-single-transiliosacral-pin-surgical-technique-and-clinical-outcomes-in-eight-cats
#18
A Parslow, D J Simpson
OBJECTIVES: A very limited safe anatomical window for transiliosacral implant placement exists in cats (<0·5 cm 2 ). Lag screw fixation requires multiple bilateral implants thus increasing the risk of iatrogenic trauma and implant interference. We describe a safe and effective method for bilateral sacroiliac fixation in cats using a single implant to minimise inadvertent iatrogenic damage to local structures and restore pelvic canal diameter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight cats underwent surgical fixation for traumatic bilateral sacroiliac luxation using a single smooth intramedullary pin...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243380/patient-reported-outcomes-from-sacroiliac-joint-fusion
#19
Vamsi K Kancherla, Shane M McGowan, Brittany N Audley, Gbolabo Sokunbi, Steven T Puccio
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, case series. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine morbidity, complications, and patient reported outcomes from minimally invasive sacroiliac joint (SIJ) fusion. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Lumbar back pain emanating from the SIJ can be surgically treated via a percutaneous approach in the appropriately selected patient with minimal morbidity and acceptable functional outcomes. METHODS: Patients diagnosed by >2 physical examination maneuvers and subjective relief from a computed tomography-guided lidocaine-bupivacaine-steroid injection underwent SIJ fusion after failing conservative management with a combination of oral anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, and pelvic belt stabilization...
February 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226403/the-effect-of-peripheral-neuromodulation-on-pain-from-the-sacroiliac-joint-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Teodor Goroszeniuk, Ashish Shetty, Rajesh Munglani, Dominic Hegarty, Arun Bhaskar
We report here a retrospective review of the longer-term results of peripheral neuromodulation in 12 patients with significant chronic sacroiliac joint pain who had previously failed multiple conservative and interventional pain therapies. To allow for the assessment of meaningful longer-term outcome, implants for all 12 patients had been in place for a minimum of 18 months to a maximum of 36 months prior to the formal review. Compared to the preimplantation baseline, the longer-term follow-up revealed a significant and sustained reduction in visual analog scale pain scores from 8...
February 22, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
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