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Phammela N Abarzúa-Illanes, Cristina Padilla, Andrea Ramos, Mauricio Isaacs, Jorge Ramos-Grez, Hugo C Olguín, Loreto M Valenzuela
Polymer scaffolds are used as an alternative to support tissue regeneration when it does not occur on its own. Cell response on polymer scaffolds is determined by factors such as polymer composition, topology, and the presence of other molecules. We evaluated the cellular response of murine skeletal muscle myoblasts on aligned or unaligned fibers obtained by electrospinning poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL), and blends with poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) or decorin, a proteoglycan known to regulate myogenesis...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Zengyuan Pang, Qingxin Nie, Pengfei Lv, Jian Yu, Fenglin Huang, Qufu Wei
We report a room temperature ammonia sensor with extra high response values and ideal flexibility, including polyaniline (PANI) coated titanium dioxide- silicon dioxide (TiO2-SiO2) or copper oxide- titanium dioxide- silicon dioxide (CuO-TiO2-SiO2) composite nanofibers. Such flexible inorganic TiO2-SiO2 and CuO-TiO2-SiO2 composite nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning, followed by calcination. Then in situ polymerization of aniline monomers was operated with inorganic TiO2-SiO2 and CuO-TiO2-SiO2 composite nanofibers as templates...
April 19, 2017: Nanotechnology
Nicholas J Schaub, Anthony R D'Amato, Andrew Mason, David T Corr, Erin Y Harmon, Michelle R Lennartz, Ryan J Gilbert
Currently, it is unknown how the mechanical properties of electrospun fibers, and the presentation of surface nanotopography influence macrophage gene expression and protein production. By further elucidating how specific fiber properties (mechanical properties or surface properties) alter macrophage behavior, it may be possible to create electrospun fiber scaffolds capable of initiating unique cellular and tissue responses. In this study, we determined the elastic modulus and rigidity of fibers with varying topographies created by finely controlling humidity and including a non-solvent during electrospinning...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Ying Wu, Yu Jiang, Jinan Shi, Lin Gu, Yan Yu
TiO2 as an anode for sodium-ion batteries (NIBs) has attracted much recent attention, but poor cyclability and rate performance remain problematic owing to the intrinsic electronic conductivity and the sluggish diffusivity of Na ions in the TiO2 matrix. Herein, a simple process is demonstrated to improve the sodium storage performance of TiO2 by fabricating a 1D, multichannel, porous binary-phase anatase-TiO2 -rutile-TiO2 composite with oxygen-deficient and high grain-boundary density (denoted as a-TiO2-x /r-TiO2-x ) via electrospinning and subsequent vacuum treatment...
April 18, 2017: Small
Ioannis L Liakos, Alina Maria Holban, Riccardo Carzino, Simone Lauciello, Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
The method of electrospinning was used to create nanofibers made of cellulose acetate (CA) and essential oils (EOs). CA polymer at 15% w/v was dissolved in acetone and then 1% or 5% v/v of EOs was added to the polymer solution. The utilized essential oils were rosemary and oregano oils. Then, the CA/EOs in acetone solution were electrospun, creating micro/nanofibers, approximately 700-1500 nm in diameter. Raman spectroscopy was used to detect the attachment of the EOs in the CA electrospun fibers (ESFs). Scanning electron microscopy was used to study the morphology, topography and dimensions of the ESFs...
April 12, 2017: Nanomaterials
Nasser Shakhssalim, Masoud Soleimani, Mohammad M Dehghan, Javad Rasouli, Masoud Taghizadeh-Jahed, Peyman M Torbati, Mohammad Naji
Engineering of urinary bladder has been the focus of numerous studies in recent decade. Novel biomaterials, innovative fabrication methods and various modification processes of scaffolds are the critical issues to find supportive matrices. Supportive characteristics of electrospun PCL/PLLA nano-scaffold for bladder augmentation in canine model and the role of bladder cells in regeneration process were appraised. Electrospun PCL/PLLA was fabricated by co-electrospinning of PCL and PLLA. Bladder cells were isolated and transduced with lentiviral particles encoding eGFP and JRed proteins...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Mohammad Irani, Gity Mir Mohamad Sadeghi, Ismaeil Haririan
In the present study, the PCL-Diol-b-PU/Au nanocompsite nanofibers were fabricated via electrospinning process during two different stages to load an anticancer temozolomide (TMZ) drug into the nanofibers. The first stage was the incorporation of Au nanoparticles into the nanofibers and the second stage was coating the gold nanoparticles on the surface of PCL-Diol-b-PU/Au composite nanofibers. The prepared nanofibrous formulations were characterized using FTIR, SEM and TEM analysis. Box-Behnken-design was used to investigate the influence of electrospinning parameters including solution concentration, applied voltage to tip-collector distance ratio and collector speed on the morphology and fiber diameter of PCL-Diol-b-PU/Au nanofibers...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Urvashi Aggarwal, Amit Kumar Goyal, Goutam Rath
A small scale study was carried out to investigate the therapeutic efficacy cisplatin loaded poly-caprolactone/chitosan composite electrospun nanofibers for local chemotherapy of cervical cancers in mice. The prepared nanofibers had shown the sustained release pattern up to one month. Prepared nanofibers were found to have greater mucoadhesive strength. An orthotopic cervical cancer model was established by inducing the EAC cell lines in the vaginal mucosa at cervix region of the mice. Intravaginal administration of the cisplatin loaded nanofibers showed lesser % cell viability as compared to the plain drug...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Patrik Sobolčiak, Anton Popelka, Matej Mičušík, Monika Sláviková, Igor Krupa, Jaroslav Mosnáček, Ján Tkáč, Igor Lacík, Peter Kasák
Simple and robust methods for modifying hydrophobic polymer surfaces with zwitterionic polymers using UV irradiation were developed. Two random zwitterionic copolymers consisting of either carboxybetaine or sulfobetaine methacrylamide monomers and monomers bearing a photolabile azidophenyl group were directly photoimmobilized on polymeric surfaces (polyester, polyethylene and polystyrene) via covalent interactions in a spatially controlled manner. These copolymers were also electrospun to form self-standing mats...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Jinrong Du, Jianheng Liu, Shenglian Yao, Haiquan Mao, Jiang Peng, Xun Sun, Zheng Cao, Yongdong Yang, Bo Xiao, Yiguo Wang, Peifu Tang, Xiumei Wang
Fibrin plays a crucial role in peripheral nerve regeneration, which could occur spontaneously in the format of longitudinally oriented fibrin cables during the initial stage of nerve regeneration. This fibrin cable can direct migration and proliferation of Schwann cells and axonal regrowth, which is very important to nerve regeneration. In the present study, we prepared a three-dimensional hierarchically aligned fibrin nanofiber hydrogel (AFG) through electrospinning and molecular self-assembly to resemble the architecture and biological function of the native fibrin cable...
April 12, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Yun Xu, Wenguo Cui, Yanxia Zhang, Pinghui Zhou, Yong Gu, Xiaofeng Shen, Bin Li, Liang Chen
Various biomimetic scaffolds with hierarchical micro/nanostructures are designed to closely mimic native extracellular matrix network and to guide cell behavior to promote structural tissue generation. However, it remains a challenge to fabricate hierarchical micro/nanoscaled fibrous scaffolds with different functional components that endow the scaffolds with both biochemical and physical features to exert different biological roles during the process of tissue healing. In this study, a biomimetic designed micro/nanoscaled scaffold with integrated hierarchical dual fibrillar components is fabricated in order to repair dura mater and prevent the formation of epidural scars via collagen molecule self-assembly, electrospinning, and biological interface crosslinking strategies...
April 13, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Jakub Sirc, Zuzana Hampejsova, Jana Trnovska, Petr Kozlik, Jakub Hrib, Radka Hobzova, Alena Zajicova, Vladimir Holan, Zuzana Bosakova
PURPOSE: The present study aims to prepare poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PLA) nanofibers loaded by the immunosuppressant cyclosporine A (CsA, 10 wt%). Amphiphilic poly(ethylene glycol)s (PEG) additives were used to modify the hydrophobic drug release kinetics. METHODS: Four types of CsA-loaded PLA nanofibrous carriers varying in the presence and molecular weight (MW) of PEG (6, 20 and 35 kDa) were prepared by needleless electrospinning. The samples were extracted for 144 h in phosphate buffer saline or tissue culture medium...
April 12, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
Junsheng Li, Guanghui Ren, Weiyu Zhang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects three electrospun fiber membranes on postoperative adhesion formation in rat surgical models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PEG-PHBV (polyethylene glycol and poly-β-hydroxybutyrate valerate), PLA(Polylactic acid) and CS-PEG(chitosan and polyethylene glycol) were used for submicrometric membranes fabrication by electrospinning. A total of 64 SD male rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, one control group and 3 treatment groups, each consisting of 16 rats...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Katherine T Peter, Adam J Johns, Nosang V Myung, David M Cwiertny
Via a single-pot electrospinning synthesis, we developed a functionalized polymer-metal oxide nanofiber filter for point of use (POU) water treatment of metal oxyanions (e.g., arsenate and chromate). Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) functionalization was accomplished by inclusion of surface-active, quaternary ammonium salts (QAS) [cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) or tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB)] that provide strong base ion exchange sites. Embedded iron oxide [ferrihydrite (Fh)] nanoparticles were used for their established role as metal sorbents...
April 4, 2017: Water Research
Arun Kumar Solarajan, Vignesh Murugadoss, Subramania Angaiah
Different weight percentages of ZrO2 (0, 3, 5, 7 and 10 wt%) incorporated electrospun PVDF-HFP nanocomposite polymer membranes (esCPMs) were prepared by electrospinning technique. They were activated by soaking in 1 M LiPF6 containing 1:1 volume ratio of EC : DMC (ethylene carbonate:dimethyl carbonate) to get electrospun nanocomposite polymer membrane electrolytes (esCPMEs). The influence of ZrO2 on the physical, mechanical and electrochemical properties of esCPM was studied in detail. Finally, coin type Li-ion capacitor cell was assembled using LiCo0...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Anna-Christin Joel, Werner Baumgartner
Technical nanofibre production is linked to high voltage, because they are typically produced by electrospinning. Spiders on the contrary have evolved a way to produce nanofibres without high voltage. These spiders are called cribellate spiders and produce nanofibres within their capture thread production. It is suggested that their nanofibres are frictionally charged when being brushed over a continuous area on the calamistrum, a comb-like structure at the metatarsus of the fourth leg. Although there are indications that electrostatic charges are involved in the formation of the threads structure, final proof is missing...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
Alaa Mohamed, T A Osman, M S Toprak, M Muhammed, A Uheida
A novel composites nanofiber was synthesized based on PAN-CNT/TiO2-NH2 nanofibers using electrospinning technique followed by chemical modification of TiO2 NPs. PAN-CNT/TiO2-NH2 nanofiber were characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, and TEM. The effects of various experimental parameters such as initial concentration, contact time, and solution pH on As removal were investigated. The maximum adsorption capacity at pH 2 for As(III) and As(V) is 251 mg/g and 249 mg/g, respectively, which is much higher than most of the reported adsorbents...
April 4, 2017: Chemosphere
Rana Ihab Reda, Ming Ming Wen, Amal Hassan El-Kamel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to formulate ketoprofen (KET)-loaded Eudragit L and Eudragit S nanofibers (NFs) by the electrospinning technique for buccal administration to treat oral mucositis as a safe alternative to orally administered KET, which causes gastrointestinal tract (GIT) side effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NFs were prepared by electrospinning using Eudragit L and Eudragit S. Several variables were evaluated to optimize NF formulation, such as polymer types and concentrations, applied voltage, flow rate and drug concentrations...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Dan Cheng, Deping Liu, Tianhong Tang, Xiurui Zhang, Xiaolong Jia, Qing Cai, Xiaoping Yang
Biological functions of hybridized carbon nanofibers (CNFs) depend closely on the incorporated bioactive components. For hybridized CNFs containing bioactive glass (BG) nanoparticles (CNF/BG), chemical compositions of BG nanoparticles might have decisive effects on their cell affinity and osteocompatibility. Herein, three hybridized CNF/BGs were produced by incorporating 68S-type BG nanoparticles with different Ca/P molar ratios (1.0, 1.67 or 2.5) into CNFs via a sol-gel/electrospinning and carbonization method...
April 7, 2017: Biomedical Materials
Zoheyr Mohammadi, Mohsen Sharif Zak, Hasan Majdi, Khaled Seidi, Meisam Barati, Abolfazl Akbarzadeh, Ali Mohammad Latifi
AIM: Wound healing is an inflammatory process. Chrysin, a natural flavonoid found in honey, has been recently investigated to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. In the current work, the effects of Chrysin loaded nanofiber on the expressions of genes that are related to wound healing process such as P53, TIMPs, MMPs, iNOS and IL-6 in an animal model study were evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The electrospinning method was used for preparation the different concentrations of Chrysin-loaded PCL-PEG nanofiber (5%, 10%, and 20% (w/w)) and characterized by FTIR and SEM...
April 7, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
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