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Hongqin Li, Haijun Ye, Zheng Xu, Chuanyi Wang, Jiao Yin, Hui Zhu
Flexible and freestanding MoO2/Mo2C imbedded carbon fibers (MoO2/Mo2C ICFs) have been successfully synthesized via an integrated procedure including electrospinning, thermo-plastication in air and reduction/carbonization at high temperature. A series of techniques such as SEM, TEM, N2 adsorption-desorption analysis, XRD, TGA, IR and XPS have been employed to systemically characterize the MoO2/Mo2C ICFs. In particular, it is observed that the MoO2/Mo2C ICFs derived from phosphomolybdic acid have more highly porous structures than those derived from molybdic acid...
January 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Suk-Min Hong, Jong-Wan Kim, Jonathan C Knowles, Myoung-Seon Gong
In this study, polycarbonate diol/isosorbide-based antibacterial polyurethane nanofiber fabrics containing Ag nanoparticles were prepared by electrospinning process. Bio-based highly elastic polyurethane was prepared from hexamethylene diisocyanate and isosorbide/polycarbonate diol (8/2) by a simple one-shot bulk polymerization. Ag nanoparticles were formed using simple thermal reduction of silver 2-ethylhexylcarbamate at 120℃. The structural and morphological properties of polyurethane/Ag nanofibers were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Jun Seop Lee, Jaemoon Jun, Jyongsik Jang, Arumugam Manthiram
Activated highly porous carbon nanotubes are synthesized with a facile dual-nozzle co-electrospinning and a redox process to apply the framework of sulfur-immobilized composite as a high-performance cathode in lithium-sulfur batteries.
January 11, 2017: Small
Shichao Zhang, Hui Liu, Xia Yin, Zhaoling Li, Jianyong Yu, Bin Ding
Effective promotion of air filtration applications proposed for fibers requires their real nanoscale diameter, optimized pore structure, and high service strength; however, creating such filter medium has proved to be a tremendous challenge. This study first establishes a strategy to design and fabricate novel poly(m-phenylene isophthalamide) nanofiber/nets (PMIA NF/N) air filter via electrospinning/netting. Our strategy results in generation of a bimodal structure including a scaffold of nanofibers and abundant two-dimensional ultrathin (~20 nm) nanonets to synchronously construct PMIA filters by combining solution optimization, humidity regulation, and additive inspiration...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xuefeng Qiu, Benjamin Li-Ping Lee, Xinghai Ning, Niren Murthy, Nianguo Dong, Song Li
: Small-diameter synthetic vascular grafts have high failure rate due to primarily surface thrombogenicity, and effective surface chemical modification is critical to maintain the patency of the grafts. In this study, we engineered a small-diameter, elastic synthetic vascular graft with off-the-shelf availability and anti-thrombogenic activity. Polycarbonate-urethane (PCU), was electrospun to produce nanofibrous grafts that closely mimicked a native blood vessel in terms of structural and mechanical strength...
January 6, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Farooq Ahmed, Alvira Ayoub Arbab, Abdul Wahab Jatoi, Muzamil Khatri, Najma Memon, Zeeshan Khatri, Ick Soo Kim
Herein we report a rapid method for deacetylation of cellulose acetate (CA) nanofibers in order to produce cellulose nanofibers using ultrasonic energy. The CA nanofibers were fabricated via electrospinning thereby treated with NaOH and NaOH/EtOH solutions at various pH levels for 30, 60 and 90min assisted by ultrasonic energy. The nanofiber webs were optimized by degree of deacetylation (DD%) and wicking behavior. The resultant nanofibers were further characterized by FTIR, SEM, WAXD, DSC analysis. The DD% and FTIR results confirmed a complete conversion of CA nanofibers to cellulose nanofibers within 1h with substantial increase of wicking height...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Zhongbin Pan, Lingmin Yao, JiWei Zhai, Dezhou Fu, Bo Shen, Haitao Wang
Flexible electrostatic capacitors are potentially applicable in modern electrical and electric power systems. In this study, flexible nanocomposites containing newly-structured one-dimensional (1D) BaTiO3@Al2O3 nanofibers (BT@AO NFs) and the ferroelectric polymer poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) matrix were prepared and systematically studied. The 1D BT@AO NFs, where BaTiO3 nanoparticles (BT NPs) were embedded and homogenously dispersed into the AO nanofibers, were successfully synthesized via an improved electrospinning technique...
January 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yi Deng, Yuanyi Yang, Shicheng Wei
Realization of clinical potential of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) in bone regenerative medicine requires development of simple and safe biomaterials for expansion of hPSCs followed by directing their lineage commitment to osteoblasts. In the present study, a chemically defined peptide-decorated polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibrous microenvironment was prepared through electrospinning technology and subsequent conjugation with vitronectin peptide to promote the culture and osteogenic potential of hPSCs in vitro...
January 9, 2017: Biomacromolecules
Peng Xi, Tianxiang Zhao, Lei Xia, Dengkun Shu, Menjiao Ma, Bowen Cheng
Ultrafine composite fibers consisting of a thermoplastic polyurethane solid-solid phase-change material and organic lanthanide luminescent materials were prepared through a parallel electrospinning technique as an innovative type of ultrafine, dual-functional fibers containing phase-change and luminescent properties. The morphology and structure, thermal energy storage, and luminescent properties of parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed that the parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers possessed the desired morphologies with smaller average fiber diameters than those of traditional mixed electrospun ultrafine fibers...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
Abbas Akhgari, Zohreh Heshmati, Hadi Afrasiabi Garekani, Fatemeh Sadeghi, Atena Sabbagh, Behzad Sharif Makhmalzadeh, Ali Nokhodchi
Generally, although the conventional drug delivery systems, such as using only pH-dependent polymers or time-dependent release systems are popular, the individuals' variations of physiological conditions usually lead to premature or imperfect drug release from each of these systems. Therefore, a combination of pH- and time-dependent polymers could be more reliable for delivering drugs to the lower GI tract such as colon. To this end, electrospinning method was used as a fabrication approach for preparing electrospun nanofibers of indomethacin aimed for colon delivery...
December 23, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Albin Jakobsson, Maximilian Ottosson, Marina Castro Zalis, David O'Carroll, Ulrica Englund Johansson, Fredrik Johansson
We demonstrate an artificial three-dimensional (3D) electrical active human neuronal network system, by the growth of brain neural progenitors in highly porous low density electrospun poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) fiber scaffolds. In neuroscience research cell-based assays are important experimental instruments for studying neuronal function in health and disease. Traditional cell culture at 2D-surfaces induces abnormal cell-cell contacts and network formation. Hence, there is a tremendous need to explore in vivo-resembling 3D neural cell culture approaches...
January 4, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Shichao Zhang, Hui Liu, Fenglei Zuo, Xia Yin, Jianyong Yu, Bin Ding
The filtration capacity of fibrous media for airborne particles is restricted by their thick diameter, low porosity, and limited frontal area. The ability to solve this problem would have broad technological implications for various air filtration applications; despite many past efforts, it remains a great challenge to achieve. Herein, a facile and scalable strategy to fabricate the ripple-like polyamide-6 nanofiber/nets (PA-6 NF/N) air filter via combining electrospinning/netting technique with receiving substrate design is demonstrated...
January 6, 2017: Small
Tian Zheng, Zhilian Yue, Gordon G Wallace, Yi Du, Pedro Martins, Senentxu Lanceros-Mendez, Michael J Higgins
The coupling of magnetic and electric properties in polymer-based magnetoelectric composites offers new opportunities to develop contactless electrodes, effectively without electrical connections, for less-invasive integration into devices such as energy harvesters, sensors, wearable and implantable electrodes. Understanding the macroscale-to-nanoscale conversion of the properties is important, as nanostructured and nanoscale magnetoelectric structures are increasingly fabricated. However, whilst the magnetoelectric effect at the macroscale is well established both theoretically and experimentally, it remains unclear how this effect translates to the nanoscale, or vice versa...
January 6, 2017: Nanotechnology
H W Zheng, X Liang, Y H Yu, K Wang, X A Zhang, B Q Men, C L Diao, C X Peng, G T Yue
The present study reports Bi5FeTi3O15 (BFTO) nanofibers/graphene (Gr) nanocomposites (BGr) as counter electrodes (CEs) in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). BFTO nanofibers with diameters of 40-100 nm were fabricated by sol-gel based electrospinning technique. The microstructure and surface morphology of the BFTO nanofibers and the BGr nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The electrochemical performances of BGr CEs were comprehensively characterized and investigated...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Wahiduzzaman, Kelsey Allmond, John Stone, Spencer Harp, Khan Mujibur
We report the sonochemical synthesis of MOF (metal organic framework) nanoparticles of 30-200 nm in size and electrospraying of those particles on electrospun nanofibers to process a MOF-attached nanofibrous membrane. This membrane displayed significant selectivity towards CO2 and capacity of adsorbing with 4000-5000 ppm difference from a mixed gas flow of 1% CO2 and 99% N2. Applying ultrasonic waves during the MOF synthesis offered rapid dispersion and formation of crystalline MOF nanoparticles in room temperature...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
S Kuchler-Bopp, A Larrea, L Petry, Y Idoux-Gillet, V Sebastian, A Ferrandon, P Schwinté, M Arruebo, N Benkirane-Jessel
: The innervation of teeth mediated by axons originating from the trigeminal ganglia is essential for their function and protection. Immunosuppressive therapy using Cyclosporine A (CsA) was found to accelerate the innervation of transplanted tissues and particularly that of bioengineered teeth. To avoid the CsA side effects, we report in this study the preparation of CsA loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles, their embedding on polycaprolactone (PCL)-based scaffolds and their possible use as templates for the innervation of bioengineered teeth...
January 2, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Zeynep Aytac, Tamer Uyar
Core-shell nanofibers were designed via electrospinning using inclusion complex (IC) of model hydrophobic drug (curcumin, CUR) with cyclodextrin (CD) in the core and polymer (polylactic acid, PLA) in the shell (cCUR/HPβCD-IC-sPLA-NF). CD-IC of CUR and HPβCD was formed at 1:2 molar ratio. The successful formation of core-shell nanofibers was revealed by TEM and CLSM images. cCUR/HPβCD-IC-sPLA-NF released CUR slowly but much more in total than PLA-CUR-NF at pH 1 and pH 7.4 due to the restriction of CUR in the core of nanofibers and solubility improvement shown in phase solubility diagram, respectively...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Jacob H Jordahl, Stacy Ramcharan, Jason V Gregory, Joerg Lahann
Electrohydrodynamic cojetting can result in fibers (electrospinning) and particles (electrospraying) with complex, bicompartmental architectures. An important consideration for application of bicompartmental particles and fibers is the limited throughput derived from the use of parallel capillaries, which require laminar flow to form a multifluidic interface. Here, a novel synthesis approach that takes advantage of an extended bicompartmental fluid interface formed at the sharp edge of a 2D plate is reported...
January 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Minhui Dai, Juhong Chen, Julie M Goddard, Sam R Nugen
In this study, we successfully applied vapor-phase polymerization towards the synthesis of PEDOT nanofibers which were subsequently functionalized with gold particles and used as electrodes for electrochemical sensing. Two methods were used to synthesize the PEDOT nanofibers including (1) electrospinning followed by vapor-phase polymerization (EVP), and (2) one-step vapor-phase polymerization (OSVP). The average diameter of EVP fibers was approximately 350 nm, and OSVP was approximately 200 nm. Gold particles (∼500 nm) were synthesized by an oxidation-reduction reaction between gold precursors and residue EDOT monomers on the surface of the PEDOT nanofibers...
January 3, 2017: Nanotechnology
Xiuyun Wang, Zhixin Lan, Yi Liu, Yongjin Luo, Jianjun Chen, Lilong Jiang, Yong Wang
A new versatile method was developed for the synthesis of various transition metal oxides with uniform 1D structures via electrospinning combined with heat treatment. The 1D nanowire or hollow tubular structure can be tuned by controlling heating rates. Interestingly, NOx conversion is ca. 99% at 200 °C in hollow tubular CuCo2O4.
January 3, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
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