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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636565/porous-carbon-nanotubes-decorated-carbon-nanofibers-with-effective-microwave-absorption-property
#1
Tao Zhang, Bo Xiao, Pengyu Zhou, Long Xia, Guangwu Wen, Haibin Zhang
Carbon nanofibers decorated with porous carbon nanotubes have been prepared by electrospinning and annealing methods. Microwave reflection loss of the products is investigated in the frequency range of 2-18 GHz. The bandwidth with a reflection loss less than -10 dB covers a wide frequency ranging from 7.0 to 14.1 GHz with the thickness of 3.0-5.5 mm, and the minimum reflection loss is -44.5 dB at 10.7 GHz with a thickness of 2.0 mm. The large reflection loss and wide reflection band reveals that the products could be a promising candidate for microwave absorption...
June 21, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635250/a-highly-stimuli-responsive-au-nanorods-poly-n-isopropylacrylamide-pnipam-composite-hydrogel-for-smart-switch
#2
Chuan-Ling Zhang, Fu-Hu Cao, Jin-Long Wang, Zhi-Long Yu, Jin Ge, Yang Lu, Zhi-Hua Wang, Shu-Hong Yu
To achieve both fast response and structural integrity during the repeating volume changes are the most significant chal-lenges for thermo-responsive hydrogels. In this work, AuNRs/PNIPAM composite hydrogel with fast thermal/optical re-sponse and structural integrity is facilely prepared by electrospinning and following a curing treatment. By combining the photothermal property of AuNRs and thermal-responsive effect of PNIPAM, the composite hydrogel shows fast thermal/photo-response, high heating rate and high structural integrity with fiercely size change...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635132/the-fabrication-of-iron-oxide-nanoparticle-nanofiber-composites-by-electrospinning-and-their-applications-in-tissue-engineering
#3
REVIEW
Chris J Mortimer, Chris J Wright
This paper reviews the use of iron oxide nanoparticle-nanofiber composites in tissue engineering with a focus on the electrospinning technique. Electrospinning is an established method of scaffold fabrication offering a number of key advantages which include its facile nature, with electrospun materials offering a high surface area to volume ratio, potential for the release of drugs and antimicrobials, controllable fiber diameters and high porosity and permeability. A number of different techniques for the preparation of iron oxide nanoparticles including their functionalization are discussed along with their applications in the biomedical field...
June 21, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633856/using-of-sonochemically-prepared-sbsi-for-electrospun-nanofibers
#4
M Nowak, T Tański, P Szperlich, W Matysiak, M Kępińska, D Stróż, Ł Bober, B Toroń
A novel polymeric, polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers containing ferroelectric and semiconducting antimony sulfoiodide (SbSI) have been made by electrospinning. SbSI nanowires, used as the filler, have been prepared sonochemically from antimony sulphide (Sb2S3) and antimony tri-iodide (SbI3) for the first time. Nanocrystalline SbSI has been fabricated in ethanol under ultrasonic irradiation (20kHz, 565W/cm(2)) at 323K within 2h. The products have been characterized by using techniques such as powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, selected area electron diffraction and optical diffuse reflection as well as transmission spectroscopy...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632137/electrospun-silk-polyaniline-conduits-for-functional-nerve-regeneration-in-rat-sciatic-nerve-injury-model
#5
Suradip Das, Manav Sharma, Dhiren Saharia, Kushal Sarma, Elizabeth Muir, Utpal Bora
The present study describes the fabrication of polyaniline-silk fibroin nanocomposite based nerve conduits and its subsequent implantation in a rat sciatic nerve injury model for peripheral nerve regeneration. This is the first in vivo study of polyaniline based nerve conduit describing the safety and efficacy of the conduits in treating peripheral nerve injuries. The nanocomposite was synthesised by electrospinning a mixture of silk fibroin protein and polyaniline wherein the silk nanofibers were observed to be uniformly coated with polyaniline nanoparticles...
June 20, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629097/emerging-bone-tissue-engineering-via-polyhydroxyalkanoate-pha-based-scaffolds
#6
REVIEW
Janice Lim, Mingliang You, Jian Li, Zibiao Li
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are a class of biodegradable polymers derived from microorganisms. On top of their biodegradability and biocompatibility, different PHA types can contribute to varying mechanical and chemical properties. This has led to increasing attention to the use of PHAs in numerous biomedical applications over the past few decades. Bone tissue engineering refers to the regeneration of new bone through providing mechanical support while inducing cell growth on the PHA scaffolds having a porous structure for tissue regeneration...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629070/fabrication-of-chitosan-graphene-oxide-polymer-nanofiber-and-its-biocompatibility-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#7
Lei Cao, Fei Zhang, Qiugen Wang, Xiaofeng Wu
In this work, Chitosan/Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/graphene oxide (GO) composite nanofibers were fabricated by electrospinning technique. The prepared nanofibers were characterized by using various spectroscopic and microscopic techniques. FESEM images have confirmed the uniform distributions of graphene oxide nanosheets in the nanofibers with self-assembly with chitosan/PVA chains. Additionally, the results of raman spectra confirmed the existence of GO sheets in the nanofibers. The tensile strength experiments revealed that the incorporation of GO increased the mechanical properties of nanofibers...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629069/evaluation-of-electrospun-biomimetic-substrate-surface-decorated-with-nanohydroxyapatite-precipitation-for-osteoblasts-behavior
#8
Sai Zhang, Guojun Jiang, Molamma P Prabhakaran, Xiaohong Qin, Seeram Ramakrishna
To engineer bone tissue, it is crucial to design scaffolds with micro- and nano-sized architecture imitating approximate hierarchical structure of native bone, and afford desirable biological properties by introducing biocompatible polymers and bioceramics into the scaffolds. Here, a novel scaffold consisting of poly-3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate (PHBV)/polyaspartic acid (PAA) was fabricated by electrospinning and nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) was deposited by calcium-phosphate dipping process for bone tissue regeneration...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629047/two-phase-electrospinning-to-incorporate-growth-factors-loaded-chitosan-nanoparticles-into-electrospun-fibrous-scaffolds-for-bioactivity-retention-and-cartilage-regeneration
#9
Chongyang Wang, Wenxiu Hou, Xuran Guo, Juehong Li, Tu Hu, Manle Qiu, Shen Liu, Xiumei Mo, Xudong Liu
Growth factor is an essential ingredient to regulate mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) chondrogenic differentiation in cartilage tissue engineering. However, non-osteochondral specification, short plasma half time and bioactivity loss restrict growth factor's application. Thus, novel chondrogenic growth factors, specifically target osteochondral lineage cells, that can be sustained release and bioactivity protected to exert functions continually and effectively have attracted increasing researchers' interest. To achieve these goals, chitosan nanoparticles and electrospun fiber scaffolds were used as dual release system to sustain release Nel-like molecule-1 (Nell-1) growth factor and protect bioactivity, then the effect and mechanism of Nell-1 on inducing human bone MSCs (hBMSCs) differentiate toward chondrocytes were investigated...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629038/electrospinning-of-pva-sericin-nanofiber-and-the-effect-on-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-a549-cells
#10
Shanshan Yan, Xiuchun Li, Jing Dai, Yiqun Wang, Binbin Wang, Yi Lu, Jianlin Shi, Pengyu Huang, Jinkang Gong, Yuan Yao
This research aims to investigate the cell-nanomaterial interaction between epithelial-mesenchymal transition of A549 cell and electrospinning nanofibers composed of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/silk sericin (SS). The electrospinning of regenerated nanofiber was performed with water as a spinning solvent and glutaraldehyde as a chemical cross-linker. Solution concentration, applied voltage and spin distances as well as other parameters were optimized to generate fine nanofibers with smooth surface in good homogeneity...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629034/icariin-immobilized-electrospinning-poly-l-lactide-fibrous-membranes-via-polydopamine-adhesive-coating-with-enhanced-cytocompatibility-and-osteogenic-activity
#11
Hua Liu, Wenling Li, Binghong Luo, Xuexing Chen, Wei Wen, Changren Zhou
In this study, icariin (ICA), one of the main active ingredients of Herba Epimedii for osteogenesis, was applied to functionalize electrospinning poly(l-lactide) (PLLA) fibrous membrane via an intermediate layer of polydopamine (PDA) to obtain enhanced cytocompatibility and osteogenic activity. For this purpose, an array of PDA-coated PLLA fibrous membranes (PLLA-0.5PDA, PLLA-1PDA, PLLA-2PDA, PLLA-5PDA) and ICA-modified PLLA-2PDA fibrous membranes (PLLA-2PDA-10ICA, PLLA-2PDA-20ICA, PLLA-2PDA-40ICA) were successively prepared...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621889/enhanced-skin-regeneration-by-herbal-extract-coated-poly-l-lactic-acid-nanofibrous-scaffold
#12
Aytak Jouybar, Ehsan Seyedjafari, Abdolreza Ardeshirylajimi, Ali Zandi-Karimi, Nikta Feizi, Mohammad-Mehdi Khani, Iraj Pousti
The wound healing process is directly related to the type of treatment. Existing methods of treatment are not responsive enough for severe wounds. The aim of this study was the potential capacity investigation of poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) nanofibrous scaffolds coated by aloe vera gel for wound dressing applications. In this study, electrospinning method was used for preparing PLLA nanofibers, and after characterization by SEM and MTT, its influence on the wound healing process was investigated with and without aloe vera gel as a wound dressing in full-thickness skin defect in mice...
June 16, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620549/lamination-of-microfibrous-plga-fabric-by-electrospinning-a-layer-of-collagen-hydroxyapatite-composite-nanofibers-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#13
Gi-Wan Kwon, Kailash Chandra Gupta, Kyung-Hye Jung, Inn-Kyu Kang
BACKGROUND: To mimic the muscle inspired cells adhesion through proteins secretion, the lamination of collagen-hydroxyapatite nanorod (nHA) composite nanofibers has been carried out successfully on polydopamine (PDA)-coated microfibrous polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) fabrics. The lamination of collagen-hydroxyapatite composite nanofibers on polydopamine-coated microfibrous PLGA fabrics was carried through electrospinning the solution of collagen containing L-glutamic acid-grafted hydroxyapatite nanorods (nHA-GA) at a flow rate of 1...
2017: Biomaterials Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620160/small-diameter-hybrid-vascular-grafts-composed-of-polycaprolactone-and-polydioxanone-fibers
#14
Yiwa Pan, Xin Zhou, Yongzhen Wei, Qiuying Zhang, Ting Wang, Meifeng Zhu, Wen Li, Rui Huang, Ruming Liu, Jingrui Chen, Guanwei Fan, Kai Wang, Deling Kong, Qiang Zhao
Electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL) vascular grafts showed good mechanical properties and patency. However, the slow degradation of PCL limited vascular regeneration in the graft. Polydioxanone (PDS) is a biodegradable polymer with high mechanical strength and moderate degradation rate in vivo. In this study, a small-diameter hybrid vascular graft was prepared by co-electrospinning PCL and PDS fibers. The incorporation of PDS improves mechanical properties, hydrophilicity of the hybrid grafts compared to PCL grafts...
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617560/influence-of-vegf-bmp-2-on-the-proliferation-and-osteogenetic-differentiation-of-rat-bone-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-plga-gelatin-composite-scaffold
#15
G An, W-B Zhang, D-K Ma, B Lu, G-J Wei, Y Guang, C-H Ru, Y-S Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of VEGF/BMP-2 on the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of rat bone mesenchymal stem cells BMSCs) on PLGA/gelatin composite scaffold. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomly-oriented nanofibers with different ratios of Poly Lactic-co-Glycolic Acid (PLGA)/gelatin were produced through electrospinning. The mixture of nanofibers and BMSCs was pipetted onto the surface of the scaffolds, and BMSCs/PLGA/gelatin composite was obtained...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610429/optimization-of-electrospun-poly-n-isopropyl-acrylamide-mats-for-the-rapid-reversible-adhesion-of-mammalian-cells
#16
Kirsten N Cicotte, Jamie A Reed, Phuong Anh H Nguyen, Jacqueline A De Lora, Elizabeth L Hedberg-Dirk, Heather E Canavan
Poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (pNIPAM) is a "smart" polymer that responds to changes in altering temperature near physiologically relevant temperatures, changing its relative hydrophobicity. Mammalian cells attach to pNIPAM at 37 °C and detach spontaneously as a confluent sheet when the temperature is shifted below the lower critical solution temperature (∼32 °C). A variety of methods have been used to create pNIPAM films, including plasma polymerization, self-assembled monolayers, and electron beam ionization...
June 13, 2017: Biointerphases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609739/construction-of-fiber-shaped-silver-oxide-tantalum-nitride-p-n-heterojunctions-as-highly-efficient-visible-light-driven-photocatalysts
#17
Shijie Li, Shiwei Hu, Kaibing Xu, Wei Jiang, Yu Liu, Zhe Leng, Jianshe Liu
Constructing novel and efficient p-n heterojunction photocatalysts has stimulated great interest. Herein, we report the design and synthesis of fiber-shaped Ag2O/Ta3N5p-n heterojunctions as a kind of efficient photocatalysts. Ta3N5 nanofibers were prepared by an electrospinning-calcination-nitridation method, and then the in-situ anchoring of Ag2O on their surfaces was realized by a facile deposition method. The resulting Ag2O/Ta3N5 heterojunctions were comprised of porous Ta3N5 nanofibers (diameter: ∼150nm) and Ag2O nanoparticles (size: ∼12nm)...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609112/principles-of-electrospraying-a-new-approach-in-protection-of-bioactive-compounds-in-foods
#18
Ali Alehosseini, Behrouz Ghorani, Mahboobe Sarabi-Jamab, Nick Tucker
Electrospraying is a potential answer to the demands of nanoparticle fabrication such as scalability, reproducibility and effective encapsulation in food nanotechnology. Electrospraying (and the related process of electrospinning) both show promise as a novel delivery vehicle for supplementary food compounds since the process can be carried out from an aqueous solution, at room temperature and without coagulation chemistry to produce matrices or particulates in the micro-and nano-range. The presentation of core materials at the nanoscale improves target ability to specific areas of the digestive tract and gives improved control of release rate...
June 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608684/antioxidant-vitamin-e-cyclodextrin-inclusion-complex-electrospun-nanofibers-enhanced-water-solubility-prolonged-shelf-life-and-photostability-of-vitamin-e
#19
Asli Celebioglu, Tamer Uyar
Here, we demonstrated the electrospinning of polymer-free nanofibrous webs from inclusion complex (IC) between hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) and Vitamin E (Vitamin E/HPβCD-IC NF). The inclusion complexation between HPβCD and Vitamin E was prepared by using two different molar ratio (Vitamin E: HPβCD; 1:2 and 1:1), which correspond to theoretical value of ~13% (w/w) and 26% (w/w) loading of Vitamin E in the nanofiber (NF) matrix. After electrospinning and storage, a very high loading of Vitamin E (up to ~11% w/w, with respect to fiber matrix) was preserved in Vitamin E/HPβCD-IC NF...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604148/porous-fibres-with-encapsulated-functional-materials-and-tunable-release
#20
Yijun Chen, James G Boyd, Mohammad Naraghi
A novel sequential processing approach to fabricate versatile fibres containing encapsulated materials is presented. It is based on developing highly porous fibres, to be filled with functional materials and coated with protective layers. Applicability of the approach to develop porous Poly(methyl methacrylate)(PMMA) fibres with encapsulated antibacterial salts within a coating is demonstrated. The salt was introduced to the fibre via a sacrificial solvent. Desired solvent properties to ensure successful filling was discussed...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
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