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sensitivity of transabdominal ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217212/ovarian-morphology-by-transabdominal-ultrasound-correlates-with-reproductive-and-metabolic-disturbance-in-adolescents-with-pcos
#1
Beth W Rackow, Heidi Vanden Brink, Lynwood Hammers, Clare A Flannery, Marla E Lujan, Tania S Burgert
PURPOSE: To determine whether ovarian morphology imaged using transabdominal ultrasonography reflects clinical and metabolic features in adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: A retrospective pilot study was conducted in 33 adolescents (12-18 years) with PCOS as defined by hyperandrogenism and irregular cycles. Adolescents underwent the following assessments at a random time during the menstrual cycle: transabdominal ultrasonography, physical examination (height, weight, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure), fasting hormonal tests (free, percent free, and total testosterone, androstenedione, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone), and metabolic tests (including an oral glucose tolerance test, fasting and 2-hour insulin and glucose, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, and whole-body insulin sensitivity index)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208870/a-comparative-study-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-transabdominal-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-and-evaluation-of-uterine-fibroids
#2
M Z Hossain, M M Rahman, M M Ullah, M Mukthadira, F A Akter, A B Jahan, F Jahan
Uterine fibroids often cause symptoms of pelvic pain, pressure, and bleeding and a significant cause of morbidity for women of reproductive age. A new, Food and Drug Administration approved noninvasive treatment option is magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound surgery, which has the potential to become a treatment of choice for selected patients. The purpose of the study was to compare and evaluate the usefulness of MRI and transabdominal ultrasonography for the diagnosis of uterine fibroids. A cross sectional study was carried out in the department of Radiology & Imaging of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, during the period of January' 2010 to December 2011...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203988/correlation-of-transabdominal-ultrasonography-and-cystoscopy-in-follow-up-of-patients-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#3
Ahluwalia Puneet, Nair Balagopal, Kumar Ginil, Mathew Georgie, K V Sanjeevan, Thomas Appu
Cystoscopy (CS) is considered to be the gold standard in the follow-up of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. However, CS is invasive, time-consuming, and expensive. On the other hand, modern sensitive transducers have improved the imaging of urinary tract rendering transabdominal ultrasonography (US) more effective in visualizing intraluminal filling defects in the bladder than it was in the past. Twenty-five follow-up patients of low-risk bladder cancer meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in study...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198767/ultrasonographic-quantitative-analysis-of-fatty-pancreas-in-obese-children-its-correlation-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-homeostasis-model-assessment-of-insulin-resistance
#4
Doo Ri Kim, Mu Sook Lee, Jeong Sub Lee, Guk Myung Choi, Ki Soo Kang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate pancreatic echogenicity on transabdominal ultrasonography and the correlation of fatty pancreas with metabolic syndrome (MetS), as well as insulin resistance (homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance [HOMA-IR]). STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study included 135 obese children and adolescents who underwent transabdominal ultrasonography from January 2015 to December 2015. Fatty pancreas was quantitatively analyzed using the pancreato-perihepatic fat index (PPHFI)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186914/the-contribution-of-new-areas-to-the-total-hirsutism-scores-in-basrah-hirsute-women
#5
Rudha Naser Hussein, Khalil Ismail Al Hamdi, Abbas Ali Mansour
BACKGROUND: Hirsutism is the presence of excessive growth of terminal hair in a female in the male-like pattern. It is the most common indicator of hyperandrogenism. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical impact of new androgens sensitive skin area to total body hirsutism score. METHODS: This was cross-sectional study. Most of the patients in this study group (n = 300) were women of reproductive age group (20-39 years) with a mean age of 26...
November 27, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071145/a-novel-algorithm-for-the-non-invasive-detection-of-bladder-outlet-obstruction-in-men-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#6
Fawzy Farag, Mohamed Elbadry, Mohammed Saber, Abdelbasset A Badawy, John Heesakkers
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of bladder wall thickness (BWT) in combination with non-invasive variables to distinguish patients with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients completed the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire and prostate size was measured by transrectal ultrasonography (US). Pressure-flow studies were performed to determine the urodynamic diagnosis. BWT was measured at 250-mL bladder filling using transabdominal US...
June 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833507/usefulness-of-shear-wave-elastography-as-a-quantitative-diagnosis-of-chronic-pancreatitis
#7
Takamichi Kuwahara, Yoshiki Hirooka, Hiroki Kawashima, Eizaburo Ohno, Takuya Ishikawa, Takeshi Yamamura, Kazuhiro Furukawa, Kohei Funasaka, Masanao Nakamura, Ryoji Miyahara, Osamu Watanabe, Masatoshi Ishigami, Senju Hashimoto, Hidemi Goto
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is sometimes diagnosed at the progressed stage. For the early diagnosis of CP, Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) may be a useful method, but its diagnostic criteria are based on subjective judgement. Shear wave elastography (SW-EG) using transabdominal ultrasonography, which quantifies tissue elasticity as an absolute value, may be an objective and non-invasive method for the diagnosis of CP. METHODS: Eighty-five patients with known or suspected CP who underwent both EUS and SW-EG from October 2012 to July 2016 were included in this study...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669787/the-role-of-combined-transperineal-tp-and-transabdominal-ta-ultrasonography-in-detection-of-vaginal-foreign-bodies-in-girls-a-retrospective-study
#8
Xiuzhen Yang, Liying Sun, Jingjing Ye
PURPOSE: This study investigated the sonographic features of vaginal foreign bodies in girls and the diagnostic role of combined transperineal and transabdominal ultrasonography in the detection of vaginal foreign bodies in this population. METHODS: A retrospective review of the records of 249 girls seen in the outpatient pediatric and adolescent gynaecology clinic of our hospital and referred to our department for sonographic evaluation of suspected vaginal foreign bodies between 2013 and 2016 was performed...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464459/accuracy-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-diagnosing-acute-appendicitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
J Matthew Fields, Joshua Davis, Carl Alsup, Amanda Bates, Arthur Au, Srikar Adhikari, Isaac Farrell
BACKGROUND: The use of ultrasonography (US) to diagnose appendicitis is well established. More recently, point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) has also been studied for the diagnosis of appendicitis, which may also prove a valuable diagnostic tool. The purpose of this study was through systematic review and meta-analysis to identify the test characteristics of POCUS, specifically US performed by a nonradiologist physician, in accurately diagnosing acute appendicitis in patients of any age...
September 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396218/analysis-of-clinical-and-ultrasound-determinants-of-adnexal-torsion-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
Rebecca Jourjon, Baptiste Morel, Sabine Irtan, Etienne Audureau, Aurore Coulomb-L'Herminé, Michèle Larroquet, Hubert Ducou le Pointe, Eléonore Blondiaux
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the performance of transabdominal ultrasonography (US) for diagnosis of adnexal torsion (AT) in children and adolescents and evaluate its clinical and US determinants. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS, AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We retrospectively (2004-2014) studied data for children referred for acute or subacute pelvic pain who underwent US and included children 3 months to 18 years old who underwent surgical exploration and/or clinical and radiological follow-up for at least 3 months...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099750/intrapartum-fetal-head-circumference-and-estimated-fetal-weight-as-predictors-of-operative-delivery
#11
Noha H Rabei, Amr M El-Helaly, Amr H Farag, Ahmed K El-Naggar, Mohamed K Etman, Moataz M El-Moteily
OBJECTIVE: To assess intrapartum sonographic measurements of fetal head circumference (HC) and estimated fetal weight (EFW) to predict operative delivery. METHODS: In a prospective study, 200 spontaneously parturient primiparous women aged 20-30 years were enrolled at a teaching hospital in Cairo, Egypt, between October 2, 2015, and January 28, 2016. HC and EFW were measured by transabdominal ultrasonography. After delivery, the association between type of delivery and ultrasonography findings was assessed...
April 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957289/efficacy-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-in-evaluation-of-undetermined-etiology-of-common-bile-duct-dilatation-on-abdominal-ultrasonography
#12
Rasoul Sotoudehmanesh, Naimeh Nejati, Maryam Farsinejad, Shadi Kolahdoozan
BACKGROUND The cause of common bile duct (CBD) dilatation cannot be determined by imaging modalities in many patients. The aim of this study was to assess the value of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) in detecting the cause of CBD dilatation in patients in whom ultrasonography could not demonstrate the cause of dilation. METHODS Prospectively, 152 consecutive patients who were referred for evaluation of dilated CBD (diameter ≥7 mm) of undetermined origin by ultrasonography were included in this study. All the patients underwent EUS...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847798/does-the-abdominal-ultrasonography-reliable-in-the-diagnosis-of-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-in-the-first-postoperative-week
#13
Erdem Kinaci, Mert Mahsuni Sevinc, Savas Bayrak, Ceyda Turan Bektas, Aytul Hande Yardimci, Abdulkerim Ozakay
PURPOSE: We evaluated the efficacy of ultrasonography (US) in the early postoperative period after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) to diagnose postoperative-pancreatic-fistula (POPF). Early diagnosis is important to prevent POPF-dependent mortality after PD. The value of radiological modalities for early diagnosing POPF is not clear. METHODS: Forty-five patients who underwent transabdominal-US in the first postoperative week after PD were retrospectively evaluated...
November 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750471/comparison-of-transabdominal-and-transvaginal-ultrasonography-for-the-assessment-of-cervical-length-at-16-23-weeks-of-gestation
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Lunthaporn Puttanavijarn, Vorapong Phupong
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasonography for the cervical length assessment and to evaluate the predictive value of the transabdominal ultrasonography cervical length assessment for predicting preterm birth. A prospective cohort study was conducted. Transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasonography cervical length assessments were performed in 160 pregnant women between 16 and 23 (+) (6) weeks of gestation. Transabdominal ultrasonography cervical length assessment was positively correlated with the transvaginal ultrasonography cervical length assessment...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672441/hepatic-steatosis-detected-by-hepatorenal-index-in-ultrasonography-as-a-predictor-of-insulin-resistance-in-obese-subjects
#15
Victoria T Isaksen, Maria A Larsen, Rasmus Goll, Jon R Florholmen, Eyvind J Paulssen
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome is a worldwide health issue, with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (liver steatosis) being one of its features, particularly closely related to insulin resistance. This study aims to investigate whether quantification of hepatic steatosis by abdominal ultrasonography, using hepatorenal index, is a feasible tool for the prediction of insulin resistance, and thus the metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Patients were recruited from the Centre of Obesity at the University Hospital of North Norway, and among participants from the Sixth Tromsø Study...
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308653/performance-of-the-standard-22g-needle-for-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-tissue-core-biopsy-in-pancreatic-cancer
#16
Andrada Seicean, Marcel Gheorghiu, Teodor Zaharia, Tudor Calinici, Andrada Samarghitan, Bogdan Marcus, Simona Cainap, Radu Seicean
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) are considered good tools for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer and for obtaining material for cytology or histology. The accuracy of EUS-FNA can rise to 85-95%, but it is lower in cases with a chronic pancreatitis background or with previous biliary stenting. We aimed to establish the diagnostic yield of the visible length of the core biopsy samples in pancreatic cancer by using one single type of standard 22G needle and to evaluate the factors which can influence the results...
June 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145684/-sonographic-diagnosis-of-pregnancy-and-determination-of-fetal-number-and-gestational-age-in-ewes
#17
D Schmid, A Schiess, G Tustain, A Fleisch, H Bollwein, F Janett
The aim of the present study was to evaluate accuracy of transabdominal ultrasonography for pregnancy diagnosis, determination of fetal number and estimation of gestational age in ewes. A total of 1068 ewes from 8 different flocks (Swiss White Alpine n = 379, Swiss Black-Brown Mountain n = 189, Oxford-type n = 164, Ostfriesian n = 154, Texel n = 104, Lacaune x Osfriesian crossbred n = 78) was investigated using an Ovi-Scan™ ultrasound scanner with a 3.5 MHz 170° mechanical axial probe (BCF Technology Ltd...
February 2016: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26706599/transabdominal-ultrasound-for-detection-of-pregnancy-fetal-and-placental-landmarks-and-fetal-age-before-day-45-of-gestation-in-the-sheep
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amanda K Jones, Rachael E Gately, Katelyn K McFadden, Steven A Zinn, Kristen E Govoni, Sarah A Reed
Detection of pregnancy during early gestation is advantageous for flock breeding management. Transabdominal ultrasound is a practical and efficient approach for monitoring pregnancy and fetal growth in small ruminants. However, there is limited information using the transabdominal technique before Day 45 of gestation in sheep. Therefore, our objective was to determine how accurately transabdominal ultrasound could be used to detect pregnancy, to identify pregnancy landmarks, and to quantify fetal length before Day 45 in ewes...
March 15, 2016: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26676184/perihepatic-lymphadenopathy-in-children-with-chronic-viral-hepatitis
#19
Dagmar Schreiber-Dietrich, Margret Pohl, Xin-Wu Cui, Barbara Braden, Christoph F Dietrich, Liliana Chiorean
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether lymph node enlargement in the hepatoduodenal ligament occurs in children with chronic viral hepatitis B and C in comparison to healthy controls. SUBJECT AND METHODS: In 49 patients with chronic viral hepatitis (38 with chronic hepatitis B, 11 with chronic hepatitis C, 31 male, 18 female; age range 1 to 17 years), and in 51 healthy controls (25 male, 26 female; age range 4 to 16 years), the total perihepatic lymph node volume was assessed using transabdominal ultrasonography as previously described in adult patients...
June 2015: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26425527/utility-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-in-the-evaluation-of-dilated-common-bile-duct-of-undetermined-etiology
#20
R Sotoudehmanesh, N Nejati, M Farsinejad, S Kolahdoozan, R Rahimi
INTRODUCTION: Occasionally, common bile duct (CBD) dilatation is discovered while working up patients for various causes. Not infrequently, the usual imaging modalities fail to identify the cause and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) becomes necessary. The aim of this study is to assess the value of EUS in identifying the cause of CBD dilatation undiagnosed by transabdominal ultrasonography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During 1 year, 152 consecutive patients who were referred for evaluation of dilated CBD (diameter ≥7 mm) discovered incidentally during transabdominal ultrasonography were included...
April 2014: Endoscopic Ultrasound
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