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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531550/barriers-and-facilitators-in-providing-oral-care-to-nursing-home-residents-from-the-perspective-of-care-aides-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Matthias Hoben, Alix Clarke, Kha Tu Huynh, Nadia Kobagi, Angelle Kent, Huimin Hu, Raissa A C Pereira, Tianyuan Xiong, Kexin Yu, Hongjin Xiang, Minn N Yoon
BACKGROUND: Oral health of nursing home residents is generally poor, with severe consequences for residents' general health and quality of life and for the health care system. Care aides in nursing homes provide up to 80% of direct care (including oral care) to residents, but providing oral care is often challenging. Interventions to improve oral care must tailor to identified barriers and facilitators to be effective. This review identifies and synthesizes the evidence on barriers and facilitators care aides perceive in providing oral care to nursing home residents...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529544/complementary-and-alternative-interventions-for-fatigue-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#2
Gang-Zhu Xu, Yan-Feng Li, Mao-De Wang, Dong-Yuan Cao
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We searched multiple online sources including ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library database, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Web of Science, AMED, PsychINFO, Toxline, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, PEDro, PsycBite, and the World Health Organization (WHO) trial registry, in addition to hand searching of grey literature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526661/the-parasol-protocol-an-implementation-science-study-of-hiv-continuum-of-care-interventions-for-gay-men-and-transgender-women-in-burma-myanmar
#3
Andrea L Wirtz, Soe Naing, Emily Clouse, Kaung Htet Thu, Sandra Hsu Hnin Mon, Zin Min Tun, Stefan Baral, Aung Zayar Paing, Chris Beyrer
BACKGROUND: Efforts to improve HIV diagnosis and antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation among people living with HIV and reduce onward transmission of HIV rely on innovative interventions along multiple steps of the HIV care continuum. These innovative methods are particularly important for key populations, including men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TW). The HIV epidemic in Myanmar is concentrated among key populations, and national efforts now focus on reducing stigma and improving engagement of MSM and TW in HIV prevention and care...
May 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525522/cardiovascular-disease-in-korean-americans-a-systematic-review
#4
Cha-Nam Shin, Colleen Keller, Kyungeh An, Jeongha Sim
BACKGROUND: Despite Korean Americans being one of the fastest growing immigrant groups in the United States, little is known about their cardiovascular health or cardiovascular disease risk factors. PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to describe the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risks and their contributing factors in Korean Americans and recommend future directions for the development of cardiovascular disease prevention or management research to meet the unique needs of this ethnic group...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524925/how-is-charge-transport-different-in-ionic-liquids-the-effect-of-high-pressure
#5
Z Wojnarowska, E Thoms, B Blanchard, S N Tripathy, P Goodrich, J Jacquemin, J Knapik-Kowalczuk, M Paluch
Modern ionic liquids (ILs) are considered green solvents for the future applications due to their inherited advantages and remarkable transport properties. One of the ubiquitous properties of ILs is their intrinsic ionic conductivity. However, understanding of the super-Arrhenius behavior of the ionic conductivity process at elevated pressure still remains elusive and crucial in glass science. In this work, we investigate the ion transport properties of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]imide: [C4mim][NTf2], 1-butylimidazolium bis[(trifluoromethyl)-sulfonyl]imide: [C4Him][NTf2] and 1-butylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate: [C4Him][HSO4] ILs in the supercooled liquid state using dielectric spectroscopy at ambient and high pressure...
May 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523941/lifestyle-as-medicine-the-case-for-a-true-health-initiative
#6
David L Katz, Elizabeth P Frates, Jonathan P Bonnet, Sanjay K Gupta, Erkki Vartiainen, Richard H Carmona
The power of lifestyle as medicine was perceived thousands of years ago. There is now consistent and compelling science to support the important influence of lifestyle on health. Approximately 80% of chronic disease and premature death could be prevented by not smoking, being physically active, and adhering to a healthful dietary pattern. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, dementia, and cancer are all influenced by lifestyle choices. Despite the ample evidence about what behaviors promote health, confusion still prevails among the general population...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521842/clinical-and-prognostic-significance-of-hif-1%C3%AE-overexpression-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis
#7
Jianhua Zhou, Shengyun Huang, Lili Wang, Xiao Yuan, Quanjiang Dong, Dongsheng Zhang, Xuxia Wang
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated an association between hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) expression and poor prognosis in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC); however, definitive evidence of this association is yet to be obtained. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the association of HIF-1α expression with clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival (OS) of patients with OSCC. METHODS: A literature search for relevant studies published in English language as of February 05, 2016, was performed on PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE databases...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521724/hiv-risk-behavior-and-prevention-considerations-among-military-personnel-in-three-caribbean-region-countries-belize-barbados-and-the-dominican-republic
#8
Nakisa Asefnia, Lisa Cowan, Rose Werth
We review research findings and the limitations of recent qualitative and quantitative studies of HIV prevalence and risk behaviors in military populations in three Caribbean countries (Dominican Republic, Belize, and Barbados). This research shows how mental health issues, disordered substance use, and structuring aspects of the occupational field produce and reproduce patterns of risk behaviors. We discuss the use of formative research, the Positive Health, Dignity, and Prevention framework, and the use of implementation science (including research methods that employ alternative methodological assumptions to better elucidate both cultural nuances and unknown components of program impact in different military populations) as a means to tailor individual prevention strategies to military populations...
May 17, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520689/the-course-prediction-and-treatment-of-acute-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review
#9
Eva Visser, Taco Gosens, Brenda Leontine Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients suffer from acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but it is unknown how these disorders develop over time and when treatment is effective. Our aim was to systematically review (1) the course and predictors of ASD and PTSD after trauma and (2) which and when psychological treatments are effective. METHODS: Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, Cochrane, PubMed, and Google Scholar were searched up to September 14, 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518189/structure-and-dynamics-of-water-confined-in-a-graphene-nanochannel-under-gigapascal-high-pressure-dependence-of-friction-on-pressure-and-confinement
#10
Lei Yang, Yanjie Guo, Dongfeng Diao
Recently, water flow confined in nanochannels has become an interesting topic due to its unique properties and potential applications in nanofluidic devices. The trapped water is predicted to experience high pressure in the gigapascal regime. Theoretical and experimental studies have reported various novel structures of the confined water under high pressure. However, the role of this high pressure on the dynamic properties of water has not been elucidated to date. In the present study, the structure evolution and interfacial friction behavior of water constrained in a graphene nanochannel were investigated via molecular dynamics simulations...
May 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516359/evolution-of-choice-of-solubility-and-dissolution-media-after-two-decades-of-biopharmaceutical-classification-system
#11
Nadia Bou-Chacra, Katherine Jasmine Curo Melo, Ivan Andrés Cordova Morales, Erika S Stippler, Filippos Kesisoglou, Mehran Yazdanian, Raimar Löbenberg
The introduction of the biopharmaceutics drug classification system (Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS)), in 1995, provided a simple way to describe the biopharmaceutics behavior of a drug. Solubility and permeability are among the major parameters, which determine the fraction dose absorbed of a drug substance and consequently its chances to be bioavailable. The purpose of this review is to summarize the evolution of the media used for determining solubility and dissolution and how this can be used in modern drug development...
May 17, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515544/the-importance-of-cholesterol-in-psychopathology-a-review-of-recent-contributions
#12
REVIEW
Henrique Pereira
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe systematically recent studies that show the importance of cholesterol in psychopathology. METHODS: This study was a review. The following databases were searched for relevant published articles on human studies: MEDLINE, Web of Science, EBSCOhost Academic Search Complete, and Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection (papers from January 2012 to March 2016). RESULTS: Eighteen recent papers were selected, and thematic dimensions showing correlations between cholesterol and behavioral and psychopathological variables were depression, suicide, personality, and aggression...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513206/a-general-architecture-for-robotics-systems-a-perception-based-approach-to-artificial-life
#13
Rupert Young
Departing from the conventional view of the reasons for the behavior of living systems, this research presents a radical and unique view of that behavior, as the observed side effects of a hierarchical set of simple, continuous, and dynamic negative feedback control systems, by way of an experimental model implemented on a real-world autonomous robotic rover. Rather than generating specific output from input, the systems control their perceptual inputs by varying output. The variables controlled do not exist in the environment, but are entirely internal perceptions constructed as a result of the layout and connections of the neural architecture...
May 17, 2017: Artificial Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512438/are-neurodynamic-organizations-a-fundamental-property-of-teamwork
#14
Ronald H Stevens, Trysha L Galloway
When performing a task it is important for teams to optimize their strategies and actions to maximize value and avoid the cost of surprise. The decisions teams make sometimes have unintended consequences and they must then reorganize their thinking, roles and/or configuration into corrective structures more appropriate for the situation. In this study we ask: What are the neurodynamic properties of these reorganizations and how do they relate to the moment-by-moment, and longer, performance-outcomes of teams?...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512334/three-dimensional-scoring-of-zebrafish-behavior-unveils-biological-phenomena-hidden-by-two-dimensional-analyses
#15
Simone Macrì, Daniele Neri, Tommaso Ruberto, Violet Mwaffo, Sachit Butail, Maurizio Porfiri
The study of zebrafish behavior represents a cornerstone upon which basic researchers promise to advance knowledge in life sciences. Although zebrafish swim in a three-dimensional (3D) space, their behavior in the lab is almost exclusively scored in two dimensions, whereby zebrafish are recorded using a single camera providing 2D videos. Whether this dimensional reduction preserves the reliability of data has not been addressed. Here we show that, compared to a 3D observation, 2D data are flawed by over-reporting and under-reporting of locomotory differences...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508816/physicians-use-of-online-clinical-evidence-in-mashhad-university-of-medical-sciences-iran
#16
Masoumeh Sarbaz, Khalil Kimiafar, Alireza Banaye Yazdipour
The Internet is an important source of medical information. It is expected that the use of online sources will improve clinical decisions. This study aims to evaluate online information seeking behavior of physicians of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences on the use of online clinical evidence. A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was carried out between November and December 2014 in the five academic hospitals. A total of 252 physicians completed the questionnaire. The majority of physicians (63...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507154/information-socialtaxis-and-efficient-collective-behavior-emerging-in-groups-of-information-seeking-agents
#17
Ehud D Karpas, Adi Shklarsh, Elad Schneidman
Individual behavior, in biology, economics, and computer science, is often described in terms of balancing exploration and exploitation. Foraging has been a canonical setting for studying reward seeking and information gathering, from bacteria to humans, mostly focusing on individual behavior. Inspired by the gradient-climbing nature of chemotaxis, the infotaxis algorithm showed that locally maximizing the expected information gain leads to efficient and ethological individual foraging. In nature, as well as in theoretical settings, conspecifics can be a valuable source of information about the environment...
May 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504570/saliva-a-reliable-sample-matrix-in-bioanalytics
#18
Michael Gröschl
Saliva is gaining increasing attention as a bioanalytical sample matrix. Mostly because of the easy and noninvasive collection, it is not only beneficial in endocrinological and behavioral science, but also in pediatrics. Saliva also has the advantage of being the only body fluid which can be collected even during physical exercise, for example, during sportive activities, and there are physiological characteristics that make it superior to serum/plasma or urine for specific scientific questions. This review provides an insight into the physiology of saliva formation, explaining how certain compounds enter this bodily fluid, and gives advice for collection, storage and analytical methods...
May 15, 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504522/the-construct-behavior-gap-in-behavioral-decision-research-a-challenge-beyond-replicability
#19
Michel Regenwetter, Maria M Robinson
Behavioral decision research compares theoretical constructs like preferences to behavior such as observed choices. Three fairly common links from constructs to behavior are (1) to tally, across participants and decision problems, the number of choices consistent with one predicted pattern of pairwise preferences; (2) to compare what most people choose in each decision problem against a predicted preference pattern; or (3) to enumerate the decision problems in which two experimental conditions generate a 1-sided significant difference in choice frequency 'consistent' with the theory...
May 15, 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504064/implications-of-the-21st-century-cures-act-for-the-behavioral-and-social-sciences-at-the-national-institutes-of-health
#20
William T Riley, Katherine D Blizinsky
The 21st Century Cures Act provides funding for key initiatives relevant to the behavioral and social sciences and includes administrative provisions that facilitate health research and increase the privacy protections of research participants. At about the same time as the passage of the Act, the National Institutes of Health Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research released its Strategic Plan 2017-2021, which addresses three scientific priorities: (a) improve the synergy of basic and applied behavioral and social sciences research; (b) enhance and promote the research infrastructure, methods, and measures needed to support a more cumulative and integrated approach to behavioral and social sciences; and (c) facilitate the adoption of behavioral and social sciences research findings in health research and in practice...
June 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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